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Allow Me To Introduce This Dissimenation…

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Here, I will take the time to bring about the studies of Torah or the Tanakh, which have become what is known as the Holy Bible of today; from a Ras Tafarian perspective. Given many have sought to understand what Ras Tafarians actually think & see in their own interpretation of the Scriptures. I must disclaim that this blog is of my own understanding of the Scriptures, which I received from many sources. Though others may see parallels to other interpretations when compared to this one I will present for people to see; PLEASE TAKE THIS TESTIMONY AS MY OWN, FROM MY OWN UNDERSTANDING. I’am no priest, rabbi, or ordained minister by the standards of what people know as of, in today’s society. I’am simply a humble individual who has received what has been given to share one’s own revelation with others who may or may not seek to do the same; or even just want to pick a Ras Tafarian’s brain on certain topics which they have scattered thoughts about. ( please, keep an open mind, share your thoughts, questions, and so forth & I will sincerely try my best to answer them with the most accuracy I’am able to bring forth.)

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✡ Rosh HaShanah: Ras Tafari ✤ (Yamim Nora’im – ימים נוראים) ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Welcome, once again, to another posting here at Ras Tafari Renaissance!  On this post, the subject which we intend to cover is ushering in Hebrew Observances, that should be relevant and incorporated into the Ras Tafari consciousness.

Since the inception of Ras Tafari it has been clear that the Ras Tafarians proclaim ancestral heritage with Hebraic peoples of antiquity.  Sharing ancestry with the Imperial House of David’s, Solomonic Dynasty, in Ethiopia; by way of King Solomon & the Queen of Sheba.  With that said, seeing how Ethiopia has become the ONLY Christian church upholding its Hebraic traditions intact, it should hold a critical place in the Ras Tafari faithful and those alike’s minds to adhere to original Christian and Hebraic practices.

Hebrew-Feasts

So, in this post we here at Ras Tafari Renaissance would like to put forward, that all that continue to, and are maybe, just checking out this site for the first time on notice.  In the continuance of bringing you all, Ras Tafari interpretations of the Scriptures from a Bible-based foundation, we’ll also bring about the basics of over-standing Hebraic Observances/Holidays/Holy Days, and build on that foundation.

 

yamim noraiim - 10 days of awe - (aseret yamei teshuba)

 

As the Hebraic civil year comes to a close [5780 H.C.] from ancient ways of time-keeping to the more modern ways, Ras Tafari Renaissance comes to the Hebraic New Year [5781 H.C.], with the anticipation of bringing the blog viewers into a deeper understanding of what is being produced here on this site.  Bringing more of the Hebrew and Amharic languages, into comprehension and use.

roshchodesh

For tonight, will bring in the new month of Tisrei – תִּשְׁרֵי .

[Lev. 23: 24]

“…the seventh month, the first day of the month, ye shall have a sabbath, a memorial, of blowing of trumpets (shofar), an holy convocation…”

a member of the Commandments Keepers, from NYC, blowing the Shofar.

a member of the Commandments Keepers Congregation, from NYC, blowing the Shofar.

& as [Numbers 29:1] says, the festival/memorial will be Yom Teruah – יום תרועה , (“Blowing of the Horn“)

ordering of the Hebrew months

ordering of the Hebrew months

for more information on this Holy Day & others, check under the NOTES…..

*NOTES

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Rosh_Hashannah/rosh_hashannah.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Days_of_Repentance#Rosh_Hashanah_rituals

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4644/jewish/Rosh-Hashanah.htm

http://hoshanarabbah.org/yom_teruah.html

  • Ethiopian Equivalents; EnQutatash – እንቁጣጣሽ , or Meleket D’mts Metasebiyah – መለከት ድምፅ መታሰቢያ/Mebacha Qen – መባቻ ቀን http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enkutatash

http://rastaites.com/Ethiopia/newyear.htm

Ethiopian_New_Year_Enkutatash

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RSS# 51 & 52 (ቆማችኋል – ሙሴም ሄዶ/נִצָּבִים – וַיֵּלֶךְ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, more than likely have come to the Torah portion of Nitz’ab(v)im – נִצָּבִים.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5780-5781, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 22nd כב, & the 23rd – כג, day of the Hebrew month of the month of Elūl – אֱלוּל , for this week, in this mode of study; for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is also known as Q’omahKH’wal – ቆማችኋል, also on the 1st – , & on the 2nd – , of the month of Mäskäräm – መስከረምThe Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 29:10- 30:20

Isaiah 61:10- 63:9

Romans 10: 1-12

In this portion of the Scripture studies’, Moses tells the people that adherence and obedience to the laws, which they were given/taught would allow them to prolong their days in the land, & make them fruitful in abundance; but, turning away would lead them to destruction.  Only turning to the ways which the children of Israel were taught would the God of the Hebrews, accept them again into grace.

[Deut. 29: 10-13]

Israel's Nitz'abim/QomachKH'wal ("ones standing", "standing ones", "ones who will stand" ; by translation) _ artist of piece Unknown

Painting shows a relation to Israel’s Nitz’abim/QomachKH’wal (“ones standing”, “standing ones”, “ones who will stand” ; by translation) _ artist of piece Unknown

Because of their waywardness, God spoke to Moses, telling him to teach the Israelites that the covenant would not only pertain to them alone, though Israel would be a people to God(himself); but, the covenant would also include those that would stand with Israel, once upon hearing the words of the book of the Law.  Those who would not hearken to the word, of course, would be a testament to the judgment of disobedience.

[Deut. 29: 13-29]

Blessings And Curse

Knowing these things and that they were taught them, being the children of Israel, it would call to remembrance the Blessing & the Curse of the Law.

[Deut. 30: 1-20]

Blessings-Curses

**A DOUBLE-PORTION of the Scriptures Readings is attributed to this Sabbath**

With that said, we also take the time to study the parsha of W(V)eyelech’k – וַיֵּלֶךְ , which corresponds with the portion of Musey’m Heydo – ሙሴም ሄዶ.

In this second installation of the Sabbath readings for this week; Moses prepared the children of Israel to go into the land of Promise.  Moses, being an hundred and twenty years old, knew that the time had come when God said that he would not cross the Jordan.  Because, he did not sanctify God, at the waters of Meribah, he would go to sleep with his fathers, instead of enter into the Promised Land.  Moses is instructed to charge Joshua ben-Nun(the son of Nun) to lead the people in the ways God had commanded them.

[Deut. 31: 1-8]

musey sees the promised land

Moses then, wrote the words of the Law, and had them placed into the Ark of the Covenant by the priests(ie. the Levites) and all the elders of Israel.

[Deut. 31: 9]

{the words of the LAWTorah, were placed inside the Ark of the Covenant, along with the “Budded” Staff of High Priest Aaron(Moses’ brother), and the manna, which the God of the Hebrew people-El Elohe Israel, gave to the children of Israel in the wilderness}

He also instructed the children of Israel to set apart the Seventh Year as the “Year of Release”(or the Shemittah-), during the time of the Feast of Tabernacles/Booths/Ingathering(ie. Sukkot-סֻכּוֹת), all of Israel should come to hear the Law, to call it to their remembrance for their following generations to know and obey.

[Deut. 31: 10-13]

Sukkot_4 Species

Sukkot_4 Species

Moses brought Joshua in the presence of all Israel to bless him, give him his charge, where God was present with them.  For God knew that the children of Israel would turn away from the ways that they were taught.

[Deut. 31: 14-30]

Moses Blesses Joshua _painting by James Tissot

Moses Blesses Joshua _painting by James Tissot

Sabbath Readings’ Companion book

- the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one's self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

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🎊መልካም አዲስ ዓመት_Happy Ethiopian New Year!!!🎊

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations is here wishing you all a VERY HAPPY ETHIOPIAN NEW YEAR!

RRR is proud to have been here studying, giving commentary, and sharing in the fellowship of Ras Tafari.  It has been thoroughly enjoyable, fulfilling to see the responses from all the people from all walks of life, seeking truth, wherever it may be found when pertaining to the Scriptures, (in the light of Ras Tafari), so on & so forth.

We have come through OUR Hebrew-Lunar cycle of time-keeping and will continue our Torah for the Hebraic year, which has brought to year 5780-5781.  But, in OUR Ethiopic-Solar New Year (2013/7513 EC). Which marks quite a significant year, prophetically from a Biblical perspective.

We also would like to alert ones that in the United States of America 🇺🇸, in & around the Washington, D.C., areas; in the capital houses the largest concentrated area of Ethiopian diasporans.  In this American capital area the Ethiopian New Year has been added officially* to the religious national recognized holidays. All due to credit to the economically upwardly mobile and politically active diasporans; 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generations.

Sun & Moon Ethiopic symbols utilized by Tsehai Publishing.

Sun & Moon Ethiopic symbols utilized by Tsehai Publishing.

Though, the year has had its times of trial and times of joy, & some seem to outweigh the other, we all have come though another year, in hopes of seeing many more. (RRR wishes peace, and prosperity to you all!)

Going forward, RRR, has a few short announcements to make…There has begun a process for bringing forward hard copies of this past year’s Sabbath readings with RRR commentary, & availability with be provided for all of those who, wish seek to retain a copies. (Please, stand by?…)

We also would like to take some time out to thank the LOJ Society, Inc., for its commitment, labor of love, and inspiration all of those individuals especially behind the scenes that have provided RRR with the spark to produce the site you see before you!  Misgana(Amharic for “Thanks”)

We BIG UP, RasTafari Midrashim, Ras Tafari Gardeing, Ras Tafari SOUTH, Ras Tafari Redemption, Ras Tafari TV, Melek Media House, each & everyone celebrating the Ethiopian New Year season; far & widefor being an interesting posting blog and coming forward to present intriguing insight into various topics, in & of the world, also through the I-sight of Ras Tafari! Misgana

etyyopiya shall stretch forth her hands(Ps.68_31)

We thank ALL of the Supporters and visitors, those who may have spread the word whenever a post was made hear at RRR.  We look forward to seeing what will inspire you to do something meaningful, in the near and far future.  For all of this we give thanks to none other but the MOST HIGH! & for bringing safely to yet another year.

Please stay tuned, to these blog posts, because there’s is so much more to come…

addis amet-አዲስ ዓመት-happy new year

http://www.rastafarigroundation.com/pt/Free-PDF—RTGs-New-Rastafari-Calendar-2015-2016/blog.htm

 

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RSS#50 (በገባህም ጊዜ / כִּי-תָבוֹא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart (ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Ki-Tá(b)vō – כִּי-תָבוֹא, on the 15th – טו, & the 16th – טז, of the month of Elul – אֱלוּל‎, in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as, BeGäbáh’m Gïzæy – በገባህም ጊዜ.  This would calculate as the 29th – ፳፱, & the 30th – , of the month of Nähásæy – ነሐሴ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Deuteronomy 26:1 – 29:8

Isaiah 60: 1-20

Ephesians 1: 3-6

Revelation 21: 10-27

Selichot-or-[Slich’ot] = (Hebrew: סליחות) are Hebrew/Jewish penitential poems & prayers, especially those said and/or recited, in the period leading up to the “High Holidays,” also on ‘Fast Days.’ In the Ashkenazic (ie. Eastern-Euro Jewish) tradition, it begins on the Saturday evening before “Rosh Hashanah.” [Hebrew/Jewish New Year] If, however, the first day of Rosh Hashanah falls on a Monday or Tuesday, the “Selichot” are said beginning the Saturday night prior to ensure that Selichot are recited at least four times. In 2019 or Hebraically; this year’s “Selichot” begins on the Seventh-day or Sabbath (Saturday), on the 21st of September, 2019. […more accurately; Friday evening, on the 20th of September, 2019]

This study portion of the Scriptures, deals with the children of Israel, in what order they should follow upon entering into the Land, which God had promised their foreparents.

THIS SABBATH STUDY PORTION, LAYS OUT EXACTLY HOW THE HEBREW PEOPLE WOULD BE BLESSED; ALBEIT, THEY KEPT & TOOK HEED OF THE ALL THE COMMANDMENTS OF GOD; OR CURSED, IF THEY WERE TO TURN AWAY FROM WHAT THEY WERE TAUGHT BY MOSES; BY WAY OF GOD’S WORD.

Blessings-Curses

So, the children of Israel were to present the firstfruits (or the first portions of their harvests) of the land to the priests, and the priests were to present these firstfruits upon the altar; giving thanks & praise to God, because while in bondage/servitude the children of Israel, sewed seeds but did not reap the benefits of their labor. (for they’d worked to satisfy the needs wants of others)  In the Land of Promise, the children of Israel were at the liberty to sew their seeds with gladness and joy, keeping to the ways they were taught out of the Law of Moses.

[Deut. 26: 1-11]

ki tabo-parsha (first fruits)

Tithing:  For the children of Israel, the third year, was when it would acceptable for them to give a tenth of all their harvests, appropriated to the: Levitical-Priesthood, the strangers/guests/foreigners (interpreted from the Ancient Languages of the Scriptures) which would be living among the children of Israel, along with the fatherless (or the orphaned), & the widowed.  This kind of tithing would be a testament to the children of Israel being the chosen, peculiar people (vrs.19) upon the face of the Earth, that within their gates which God had provided/promised to them, they would most certainly seek to feed, clothe & shelter.

[Deut. 26: 12-19]

ki tabo-parsha (tithes) Malachi

Moses, and the elders of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, then charged the Hebrew people to keep all of the commandments, laws and statutes which were set out for them; and upon crossing over the river Jordan into the Land of Promise, on Mount Ebal (ጌባል ተራራ/ הר עיבל‎), the children of Israel were build an altar with whole stones to God-writing the Law (Torah) on these great stones.  This mountain was to be a mountain where peace offerings were to be made to God.

[Deut. 27: 1-8]

ki tab(v)o - parsha

Now, with this ordination, there then came the two mountains.  Moses & the Levites spoke to the Hebrew people, explaining that upon these works, the children of Israel should take heed to themselves, for they were to become the people of God; pending, they would hearken to his laws.

ki tab(v)o - bible-archeology-altar-of-joshua-amphitheater-between-mt-gerizim-ebal

Moses then said, these shall stand upon Mount Gerizim (ገሪዛን ተራራ/ הר גּרזים) to bless the people: Simeon, Levi , Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin:

(verse 12) And these shall stand upon Mount Ebal to curse the people: Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulon, Dan, and Naphtali.

(verse 13)

Mt. Gerizim & Mt. Ebal - Nablus Panorama

Mt. Gerizim & Mt. Ebal – Nablus Panorama

From there, the Levites, then laid out the a proclamation of the curses, for those who would turn away from the law.

[Deut. 27: 9-26]

ki tab(v)o - parsha [Curses of Israel]

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RSS# 49 (በወጣህ ጊዜ / כִּי־תֵצֵא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Ki-Teitẓ’eiכִּי־תֵצֵא, on the 8th – ח, & on the 9th – ט, of the month of Elūl – אֱלוּל, in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known (in the same sense) as BeWäṭáh Gïzéy – በወጣህ ጊዜ.  This would calculate as the 22nd – ፳፪, & the 23rd – ፳፫, of the month of Nähásæy – ነሐሴ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 21:10 – 25:19

Isaiah 54: 1-10

Matthew 5: 27-30

I Corinthians 5: 1-5

In this parsha/kifil (study portion) of the Scriptures, we shall go through topics that cover, laws, statutes & commandments, mostly in the civil & domestic life of the children of Israel.  We’ll begin in the post-warfare ordinances, that deal with other governing principles, including inheritance, child rearing, humane civility, farming & host of other issues.  This portion of the Scriptures, set out supplementary laws that would aid the Hebrew people as they continued to draw near to God.

Torah Aliyot scroll for Parshat Ki Tetzei. Scroll possibly from the "Rabbinical period in southern Europe [Lisbon, Portugal] _ Jewish/Hebraic teachings thrived alongside the 700 + year period of the Moorish conquering of Europe; ca. 711 AD - 1492 AD ; (also see; the Edict of Expulsion, or the Expulsion of Moors & Jews - 1492.

Torah Aliyot scroll for Parshat Ki Tetzei (Teitzei). Scroll possibly from the “Rabbinical period in southern Europe” [Lisbon, Portugal] _ Jewish/Hebraic teachings thrived alongside the 700 + year period of the Moorish conquering of Europe; ca. 711 AD – 1492 AD ; (also see; the Edict of Expulsion, or the Expulsion of Moors & Jews – 1492.

The children of Israel were presented with the orders of God, through Moses, to deal with domestic regulations in the ways that were suitable and pleasing to God.  The treatment of captives, especially of the women of other nations was one in question, in the ordinances of warfare.

[Deut. 21: 10-17]

ki tetzei - parsha [israelite army-Deut.21vrs1]

Also, in this category of issues, the children of Israel were to administer to the wayward son, in ways that would be beneficial to, not only be sustainable to one’s household, but to the entire nation’s, as well.

[Deut. 21: 18-23]

CHRIST's Parable of the Prodigal Son [Luke 15: 11-32]

CHRIST‘s Parable of the Prodigal Son [Luke 15: 11-32]

The children of Israel, were not to be a wayward people, speaking with “fork-tongues“, living in ungodly ways, but always making way to become righteous by words & deeds.  Thus, the Laws of Brotherhood, not only within the Hebrew community, but to other nations also; the same would be the norm for ANY Israelite.

[Deut. 22: 1-8]

ki tetzei - parsha [opening verse aliya]

When it came to Hebrew farming principles, from the basics to large-scale agriculture practices, the children of Israel were to adhere certain commandments all-in-the-same.  This takes in account, the treatment of the animals within their possession, also.

[Deut. 22: 9-12]

1)”…Speak to the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:…”[Numb. 15: 38]; 2)…”thou shall make thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy vesture, wherewith thou coverest thyself…” [Deut. 22: 12] {Tz’itz’iyot-צִיצִת or Gadil-גָּדִל}

1)”…Speak to the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:…”[Numb. 15: 38];
2)…”thou shall make thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy vesture, wherewith thou coverest thyself…”
[Deut. 22: 12]

 

In the upkeep of the laws, statutes, & commandments of God to the children of Israel; upon the sudden death of a Hebrew, who had a wife (but, was now a childless widowhad married, but bore no children), & was survived by a brother-in-law(her husband’s brother), the surviving brethren was obliged to uphold specific responsibilities in procuring the lineage of his deceased brother.  This law was one of intricacy, among others dealing with the “Innocent Wife”, being provided with protection within Israel.

(see Levirate Marriage; Yibbum; Chalitza – חליצה; & Gen. 38:8) [for fuller comprehension read Gen.38: 6-26]

[Deut. 22: 13-19]

Halitz'ah/CHalitz'a ceremony _ "the shoe loosing" _ A widow loosening the shoe of her brother-in-law; significying that she is now free to marry whom she chooses, & the Hebraic law of the Levirate Marriage is lifted.

Halitz’ah/CHalitz’a ceremony _ “the shoe loosing” _ A widow loosening the shoe of her brother-in-law; signifying that she is now free to marry whom she chooses, & the Hebraic law of the Levirate Marriage is lifted.

In the arrangements for dealing with divers regulatory issues among the children of Israel, the Hebrews were to adhere to God’s principles in dealing with peoples of other nations, entreating their camp, holy places and such, but also, not succumbing to being a oppressors or whores & whoremongers, (ie. sexual offenders, rapists, etc.), or extortionists.

[Deut. 23: 1-25]

ki tetzei - parsha [im-my-brothers-keeper]

*Note to Study-in-Depth: Ammon & Moab -10th Generation*

{DEUTERONOMY TWENTY THREE: VERSE THREE/ Deut. 23: 3}

: Edom(aka Esau) & Egypt, ABHOR NOT!

{DEUTERONOMY TWENTY THREE: VERSE SEVEN/ Deut. 23: 7}

The children of Israel, also had learned from Moses, by way of the God of Israel(El-Elohe Israel_אל אלהי ישראל), the manners, in & of, the laws for divorce or separation in marital affairs.

[Deut. 24: 1-4]

- (still) from the film "La'Genese' [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

– (still) from the film “La’Genese‘ [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

An example of the Cḥalïtah; Gen. 38:8, in the story of Judah with his sons & his daughter-in-law, Tamar(widow of Er ben-Yihuda[Er, the son of Judah].

…& more detailed, laws, statutes & commandments, were placed in the midst of the children of Israel, for them to heed to in the divers regulations.  But, with all of these regulations, and adherence to God’s laws, the Hebrews were not to forget about the Amalekites; as eternal enemies.

israel & amalek

(Exod. 17: 16_For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn [that] the LORD [will have] war with Amalek from generation to generation.)

[Deut. 24: 5- 25:19]

Sabbath Readings’ Companion book

- the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one's self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS#48 (ፈራጆች / שֹׁפְטִים )

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Shoftim – שֹׁפְטִים, on the 1stא, & on the 2nd – ב, of the month of Elūl – אֱלוּל, in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known (in the same sense) as Färájoch – ፈራጆች.  This would calculate as the 15th – ፲፭, & on the 16th – ፲፮, of the month of Págumæy – .  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 16:18- 21:9

Isaiah 51:12- 52:12

John 1: 19-27

Acts 3: 22-23

shoftim - parsha

This Sabbath study portion; Shoftim-שֹׁפְטִים , (in the Hebrew language, has equivalences to: magistrates[officers] or judges);

(in the Amharic language, the equivalent is plurally: Ferajoch-ፈራጆች; which more than likely could derived from words like: Feraj-ፈራጅ[could be considered as an police officer, or jailer; of the sort, from a modern sense]; also Tefárajተፋራጅ; which could be considered as a judge or magistrate from the modern sense, as well: from the Amharic is equivalent to “one who brings justice.”)

- compilation from betelaustin.net

– compilation from betelaustin.net

So, this Torah portion is at the point where Moses now instructs the children of Israel to set up judges and officers, throughout all of the tribes, whom should utilize just judgments in certain affairs.

[Deut. 16: 18-22]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

In all of the gates that in possession of the children of Israel, no blemished, or defiled thing should be offered as sacrifice/offering to God.  Neither, were the children of Israel to go after(worship) any other gods.  They also were instructed to put evil away from among them.

[Deut. 17: 1-13]

סַנְהֶדְרִין Sanhedrin

סַנְהֶדְרִין
Sanhedrin

A king/ruler was also to be appointed over the children of Israel.  One, whom would not give himself utterly to seek after wealth & riches, or many women to wife(marry), so that his heart be turned away from God; his laws, ordinances, statutes and commandments.  While upon the throne, the king was to write a copy the LAW, set before the priests; wherein he was to read & learn, all the days of his life so that the days of his life be prolonged.  The king was to keep the all the commandments, like anyone else, & not think of himself, as being above any of his brethren, aside from his appointment by God.

[Deut. 17: 14-20]

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

Within the land, the tribe of Levi(Lewi), were to have no inheritance with the children of Israel.  For God, was their portion of the inheritance,  Offerings to God, would partaken on behalf of God, by the priests of the Levites; from among the sacrifices/offerings, would be the “priest’s due.”

[Deut. 18: 1-8]

shoftim - parsha [levites blow the trumpets]

Idolatry & the abominations, were not to be found among the children of Israel, for they were to inherit all nations.

[Deut. 18: 9-14]

God also said to Israel, that he would raise up a Prophet from among them.  The words of his mouth would be of him, and they should take heed.  For, at the mountain of Horeb, they feared the power, the voice and great fire of God, so much that they asked to not see it again, lest they perish.

(see; Deut. 1: 6, Deut. 4: 10, & Deut. 5: 1-21_ God spoke to Israel at Horeb)

(God is a consuming fire: Deut. 4 :24, Heb. 12: 29)

Mount Horeb -

Mount Horeb – הַר חֹרֵב- ተራራ ኮሬብ aka “the Mountain of God/YHWH”

The only for the children of Israel to know if the Prophet was of God, would be for them to verify by a testing of his word.  The testing would come in a criteria that would fit, as follows: 1. his/her, spoken words of prophecy coming to pass(or fulfillment; actualization), 2. he/she, would come in the NAME of God, & 3. if the prophecies followed along the guidelines of the LAW(Torah).

(could also be seen as the coming of the MesHIHa/Messiah)

[Deut. 18: 15-22]

The cities of refuge from within the gates of Israel’s inheritance were to also be set up.  Especially, in the plight of the case of the slayer.  When God was to cut out the wicked nations these cities were to set, to ensure that just judgment were rendered.

[Deut. 19: 1-21]

shoftim - parsha (cities of refuge)

The Law regarding Warfare, was for the children of Israel to fear not, even if their enemies were greater in number or strength; for God would be with them.  The priests were to encourage them, & men who set up houses, or married rather recently not having consecrated their homes or wives, should return or in the extreme, not go off to warfare, for their seeds were to be procured.(as spoken by the officers of Israel)  Israel was to show peace to those who would show themselves peaceful, & go to war against those who would make war with them.  But, they were to utterly destroy the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites and the Jebusites, as God commanded them.

[Deut. 20]

Deut. 20: 2

Deut. 20: 2

An Inquest or judiciary inquiry, in the case of death, of unknown/unaccounted corpse, for one slain in the field; would become the responsibility of the Priesthood to minister for the children of Israel, for they were chosen by God to work in service of Israel.

[Deut. 21:1-9]

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London's Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled "The World's Oldest Tribunal" dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din or Court of the Chief Rabbi.

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London’s Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled “The World’s Oldest Tribunal” dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din [בית דין] or “the house of judgment.”

 

** NOTES FOR FURTHER STUDY: **

– the Hebraic Sanhedrin, & the Beth-Din (Bet Din[House of Judgment]) : Hebrew/Jewish Court Systems; Tribal Court/Tribunal (Black’s Law Dict.) : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beth_din : http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/BetDin.html

Kingdom of Ethiopia {Abyssinia by Ottoman/Muslim empire & other outsiders_also modern connotations adopted by modern Ethiopians} (የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ) kings list : http://www.friesian.com/ethiopia.htm : http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1915&dat=19750322&id=S-sgAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7XEFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2528,3614199

Fəthá Nägäst {Fetha Nagast[Law of the Kings]} http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/biography/01thelawofkings.pdf ; http://www.cap-press.com/pdf/1888.pdf

Ethiopian Bible Society’s Amharic Holy Bible Dictionary

NEW PRINTED EDITION!!! AVAILABLE (Outside of Ethiopia)! The official “AMHARIC DICTIONARY OF THE HOLY BIBLE." Originally compiled as a study companion to the 1961-62' Authorized Revised Amharic Bible, during the times H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I of Ethiopia, sometimes referred to as the “Emperor’s Bible.” This revised and reloaded edition printed from Valiancy Publishing continues the tradition of Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Christianity intense study & application of the Holy Bible.

$19.99

RSS#47 (ራእይ/ראה)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Re’eh – רְאֵה, on the 24th – כד, & the 25thכה, of the month of Ab(v) – אָב, in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Inähō – እነሆ.  This would calculate as the 8th& the 9th – , of the month of Nähasæy – ነሐሴ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Deuteronomy 11:26- 16:17

Isaiah 54:11- 55:5

John 7: 37-52

 

In this study portion of the Scriptures, we’ve come Re’eh (רְאֵה), which in the Hebrew language means “to see.”  In the Amharic language, the word used as an equivalent for the name of this parsha is more properly…would be; Ra’iy – ራእይ.  Theses words in the ancient tongues divulge the meanings: “to see,” “have a vision,” “behold,” or “make sight of.”

wadjet & nekhbet (two eyes of Horus)

This portion of our reading, in the Book of Deuteronomy, begins on verse 26, where Moses is continuing to instruct the children of Israel, in the ways of God’s statutes, laws, and commandments; especially for the entry into the Land of Promise.  Causing these instructions to become known among all Israel, whereas it would be well with them.  God told Moses, to teach the children of Israel these lessons, for Moses explained that God had set a Blessing & a Curse before them.  Following the ways of God would render blessings upon them, and turning away would bring curse upon them.  The children of Israel, were clearly free to choose.

[Deut. 11: 26-32]

blessing and the curse

The conditions of the blessing in the land, for the children of Israel were also given by Moses, from God.  The children of Israel were to observe, and do the will of God for it would determine the prosperity of their dwelling in the land.  The laws, statutes, and commandments were laid out so the children of Israel, would teach them to their children for God’s laws and covenant with Israel would be an everlasting covenant; given they take heed of themselves.

[Deut. 12]

wolves-in-sheep-clothing(false prophets)

Now, knowing that they were given the chance to choose; the children of Israel, were to also recognize that it would be necessary to know wherein they were to discern between choices.  The children of Israel were warned to be wary of prophets or dreamers of dreams that would arise among them, and to take precaution that their signs and their wonders, would not lead them away from the ways of God’s commandments.

[Deut. 13]

shabuot-festival of weeks6

Then, the ordination for what would become known as Kashrut – כַּשְׁרוּת , or Kosher – כָּשֵׁר , among the Jewish people of today’s society.  But from its roots in the Hebrew language , it is the laws of God, to the Hebrew people, showing what would be “fit” for consumption; concerning food.

[Deut. 14]

pesach9

Now, in dealing with servants: those of the inheritance and those of foreign origin there was, of course, a protocol for the children of Israel, as well.  The Hebrew servant was to be absolved from his Hebrew creditor, in the “Sabbath yearShemittah” or the 7th year.  But, it would be up to the Hebrew creditor to absolve a debt from a foreigner or one not of the origin of the Hebrew people.  God sought that none should be poor among Israel, so in this act, the children of Israel would contribute to their own prosperity in another form.

[Deut. 15]

sukkot

“…for the LORD thy God blessed thee, as he promised thee: and thou shalt lend to many nations, but thou shalt not borrow; and thou shalt reign over many nations, but they shall not reign over thee…”[Deut. 15: v6]

The children of Israel received what is known now, as the significance of the Shalosh Regalim, or the three Feasts of YHWH.

[for ref. check Scriptures: Deut. 16: 16, & Exod. 23: 17.]

Shalosh Regalim

Sabbath Readings’ Companion book

- the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one's self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS# 46 (እንዲህም ይሆናል / עֵקֶב)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Ækeb (Eikev(b)/Ekev(b)/Eiqeb(v)) – עֵקֶב, on the 17th – יז, & the 18thיח, of the month of Ab(v) – אָבin the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Índeeh’m Y’honál – እንዲህም ይሆናል.  This would calculate as the 1st – , & the 2nd – , of the month of Nähasæy – ነሐሴ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).)

 

Readings:

Deuteronomy 7:12- 11:25

Isaiah 49:14- 51:3

Hebrews 11: 8-11

Romans 8: 31-39

 

Before going forward with this week’s parsha study, we take an in-depth look at the name of the portion, for this week: Ækeb (Ekev/ Eiqeb/ Eikev) – עֵקֶב= other various phonetic pronunciations).  

Eikeb-parsha

The significance of this parsha’s name, should be a notated because the resemblance it has to Isaac’s son, Jacob, brother of Esau; in the Amharic & Hebrew languages.

eikeb - parsha [jacob-israel-yaiqob-ysrael]

Finding relations to the parsha for this week and the name, Jacob, will be very telling; in the order of over-standing(“understanding”) where this portion of the Scriptures intends to enlighten the mind.

eikeb-parsha [1stverse]

After Moses receives the instructions from God to teach the children of Israel, he then instructs them, insuring that they know they should observe and do them, for things to go well & in their favor. (pertaining to God)  God, in turn, will not only bring them into the land but, will bless them abundantly.

[Deut. 7: 12-26]

“…A land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil olive, and honey;…” [Deut. 8:8]

“…A land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil olive, and honey;…” [Deut. 8:8]

 

Warnings and exhortations were given to the children of Israel, in the sense of them taking advantage of pursuing the inheritance, that was a covenant between God, Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob. 

[Deut. 8: 1-20]

Crossing Jordan [Deut. 9:1]

Crossing Jordan [Deut. 9:1]

Israel, after receiving instruction was to then, go over the river Jordan to possess the land, & drive out those who would not dwell peaceably with them.  For God strove against the wickedness of other nations.

[Deut. 9: 1-5]

decalogue-10 commandments-tablets-old hebrew

 

But even with all of this brewing in good favor for the children of Israel, they stray from the path which should have led straightway to the fullness of JAH(God)’s grace and blessing .  But, because Israel is & always has been a “stiffnecked people,” Moses has to plead a case to God for the children of Israel.  God had sought to utterly destroy the children of Israel for their constant disobedience.  Moses, intercedes for Israel for they had brought nearly about God’s wrath upon them.  Recalling the time at the mount of Horeb, Israel making a molten image to worship, and provoked God to anger so much so, that God prepared obliterate them & make a nation out of Moses [& Ts’pporah].  

(new nation: hence, the Ethio-Hebrews, that would later come with Sheba & Solomon [not to neglect the earlier connection between Abraham & Keturah), in spite of the various surrounding happenings)  For Moses’ sake, God’s wrath was turned away from Israel.

[Deut. 9: 6-29]

 

After this God told Moses, to hew two stone tablets, for the words which were on the set before them, Moses broke for he waxed hot in anger towards Israel for their stubbornness and disobedience to God ‘s laws.  Along with these, was a wooden ark made to be put into the Ark of the Covenant.  So the words of the Sinaitic Covenant were restored.

[Deut. 10: 1-5]

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

- the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one's self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS# 45 (ለመንሁ / וָאֶתְחַנַּן)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of W(v)a’etcḥanan – וָאֶתְחַנַּןon the 10th – י, & on the 11th – יא, of the month of Ab(v) – אָב,in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Lämänhu – ለመንሁ.  on the 24th – ፳፬, & on the 25th – ፳፭, of the month of (ወርኀ) of Nähásæy – .  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 3:23- 7:11

Isaiah 40: 1-26

Matthew 23: 31-39

Mark 12: 28-34

w(v)aetchanan - parsha2

We begin the second reading of the Book of Deuteronomy, with Moses pleading with God for a chance to see the Land of Promise.  For his disobedience to God at the Rock and Waters of Meribah, where Moses struck the rock instead of sanctifying his name (name of YHWH) in the sight of the children of Israel; God told Moses, he would not enter into the Promised Land; but he would be gathered to his people along with the generation of the wandering in the wilderness.  (Wa’etcḥanan-“& I Pleaded“)

"& I pleaded/besought" _ referenced from [Deut. 3:23]

“& I pleaded/besought” _ referenced from [Deut. 3:23]

Moses knowing that though God favored him in grace, he was still displeased with the Striking of the Rock at the Waters of Meribah.  For his disobedience and the disobedience of the children of Israel that came out of Egypt, during the “Exodus,” he remembers that God said that he, along with that generation would not enter into the Promised Land.

[Deut. 3: 23-27 ]

w(vaerchanan - parsha4

God, instead allows Moses to go up atop Pisgah, & view the land, but God also instructs Moses to encourage Joshua, because he shall lead the children of Israel in to the land.

[Deut. 3: 28 & 29]

Moses charges Joshua to Lead Israel into Canaan [Deut. 3: 28] _ painting by James J. Tissot

Moses charges Joshua to Lead Israel into Canaan  [Deut. 3: 28]  _  painting by James J. Tissot

Moses was also instructed by God to stress the emphasis on keeping God’s laws, statutes, commandments, & judgments that they were taught.  The children of Israel were to hearken to those laws & teach them to their children, also to the following generations.  The children of Israel were to never turn to worship, or the works of the hands(or idols).

[Deut. 4: 1-22]

The children of Israel were instructed to heed of the covenant with God, which they received at Mount Sinai.  Failure to do so would result in the punishments or judgments, for disobedience. (ie; the scattering of the people among many other nations, and serving idol gods, etc.{Duet. 4: 27 & 28})

[Deut. 4: 23-40]

Deut. 4: 26-31 (...the LORD will scatter you among the nations...)

Moses, then set up the Cities of Refuge, which God had command bet put in place.  So, Moses severed three cities: Bezer, in the wilderness, Ramoth, in Gilead, & Golan, in Bashan.

[Deut. 4: 41-49]

w(v)aetchanan - parsha (cities of refuge to Reuben-Gad-Menasseh)deut.4.vrs41-49

& Moses also reminded the children of Israel, of the covenant, which God made with them, while they were at the mountain of Sinai.  Whereas, the Decalogue was iterated to them as apart of the laws, statutes, commandments and judgments, they were to keep & teach to the following generations.

[Deut. 5]

decalogue-stone tablets

All the laws, statutes, commandments and judgments of God, were the children of Israel to learn, & teach to their children.  Even the Word of Witness(or the Shem’a), they were to hear, observe & do; that it would be well with the, and that they would increase in the Land of Promise.

[Deut. 6]

{THE WORD OF WITNESS/the SHEM’A}

waetchanan - parsha [word-of-witness_Amharic]w2 revised2014

& with the Word of Witness, the children of Israel were given, they were also instructed to love God with all their heart, soul, & strength(might).

[Christ said; heart, soul, mind & strength (Mk. 12: 30)]

& they were to love their neighbors, as themselves, having these words not only come from their mouths, but be in their hearts.

(see. Apostles ask CHRIST of the 1st Commandment of all[vr.28], & CHRIST tells the first & second Greatest Commandments.[vrs.29-31]  Mk. 12: 28-34/Brit Ch’adashah-Haddis Kidan)

[Deut. 6: 1-6]

Deuteronomy 6: 7 & 8

When the children of Israel were to come into the land, keeping all of the laws, statutes, commandments, & judgments of God; they were to drive out nations like; the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, & the Jebusites from among them.  The children of Israel were to have dealings with them, as well.

[Deut. 7: 1-11]

 

Sabbath Readings’ Companion booklet

- the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one's self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99