Tag Archives: Yahowshua

☩ Fasika (ፋሲካ) ✡ Pesach [פֶּסַח] ☩

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to yet another posting for the celebration of height of the Ethiopian-Hebrew (Judeo-Christian) season as we have reached another Passover!

This Passover, Lenten season is marked after the post-blood moon tetrad of 2014-15′ (Gregorian years) & brings forth many revelations of the continuance  and unfolding of prophecies from ancient times.  This season in the Hebrew year of 5776, Ethiopic years of 7508/2008, brings in the delayed Springtime with much happening in & around the world.

Passover_jpg

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover.  In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח.  Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs, and their freedom as a nation under the leadership of.  But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political,  and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt(Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt(Upper Egypt).

Passover is considered apart of the Shalosh Regalim, or the main festivals of Israel’s commemoration to God.  The day commences on the afternoon of the Hebraic, 14th of the month of Nisan.

passover - fasika readings 2016 (hebrew4christians.com)

The narrative of the Exodus from the Scriptures, [Exo. 23: 15], gives the overlay of the children of Israel story in Rgypt.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/passover/pesach_cdo/aid/871715/jewish/What-Is-Passover.htm

http://www.jewfaq.org/holidaya.htm

 

 

 

Likewise in the Ethiopic tradition, the celebration of Fasika,  in other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’âllä Tínsá’éy – በዓለ ትንሣኤ.  I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherance to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic Passover (Pesach/PesaKH’ – פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread (KH’ag/Chag Ha’Motz’ot – Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

Ethiopian Injera - Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa'e)

Ethiopian Injera – Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa’e)

Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

Fasika22

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season(often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade – ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome – ዓቢይ ጾመ.

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent

[The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortification. Self denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things. It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed on the faithful the longest and most austere fasts in the world. Fasting implies abstention from food and drink. Special days are appointed for fasting. Every Wednesday and Friday are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord and on Friday they crucified him.]

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church-(Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fetha Nägäst – or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}

Fasika11

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

♔ Ethiopian Celebration of Christ’s Birth _ Genna/Ye’Lidet Be’Al (ገና – የልደት በዓል) ♔

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes again to give perspective to the Ethiopian holiday of Genna or otherwise called “YeLidet Be’al”.  Because of the calculations of the Ethiopic calendar, (which have been kept for aeons…) we find that the Christmas that is known in the Western world, using the Gregorian calendar doesn’t correspond with the Ethiopic calculations.  Instead of December 25th, or the twenty-fifth day of the 12th month(Gregorian), we see that the date arrives on January 7th, for only the sighting of the man-child whom would be called CHRIST.

(Orthodox Christian teachings give this as a testimony for the birth)

Ethiopian Calendar calculations of the "Adoration of the Magi" occuring on the 28th & 29th of the Ethiopic month of Tahsas.  - documentation provided ethkogserv.com http://ethkogserv.org/faith_.htm

Ethiopian Calendar calculations of the “Adoration of the Magi” occuring on the 28th & 29th of the Ethiopic month of Tahsas.
– documentation provided ethkogserv.com http://ethkogserv.org/faith_.htm

During the first three centuries [A.D. – Anno Domini/After the Death of Christ], in the Churches of Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria and Cyprus, the Nativity of Christ was combined together with the Feast of His Baptism on January 6, and called “Theophany” (“Manifestation of God”). This was because of a belief that Christ was baptized on anniversary of His birth, which may be inferred from St John Chrysostom’s sermon on the Nativity of Christ: “it is not the day on which Christ was born which is called Theophany, but rather that day on which He was baptized.”

[according to documentation from Orthodox Church of America]

http://oca.org/saints/lives/2014/12/25/103638-the-nativity-of-our-lord-god-and-savior-jesus-christ

star from the east - wise kings from the east (Star of Bethlehem)

By Ethiopic calculations the birth of Christ, occurs on the Julian calendar‘s framework; predating the Gregorian.  In Eastern Christian (or Orthodox Christian sects) some, Orthodox Christians observe the “Nativity and Adoration of the Shepherds” on January 6th, & the following day may observe, the “Adoration of the Magi” (or otherwise known as the three kings/wise men) on January 7.  Other Orthodox Christians may attend church liturgies on the 6th, or both.

yelidet Qen (gena)

 

The narratives and documentation of the differences between the interpretations of the Christians denominations of churches subject to their specific geographical locations vary as well.  But, as RRR continues in its study and scrutiny of the information put forward by many we find ourselves shedding many layers confusion with each and every step.

Christ presented in the Temple to Simeon (Luke 2: 25-26) painted by James J. Tissot

Christ presented in the Temple to Simeon (Luke 2: 25-26) painted by James J. Tissot

**(the following information is sourced from a third-party with the exception of the artwork; [RRR disclaimer] this information is cited from http://www.tripatini.com/profiles/blogs/gena-ethiopian-christmas )

We don’t have Santa Claus here.

[RasTafariRenaissance (interjection) THANK GOD!!!]

We never saw him in the streets carrying big sacks and presenting Christmas gifts for our kids. We never saw the snow falling down on our roofs or on the ground. It doesn’t matter though. We have our own Christmas; a Christmas on which we share big smiles that you wouldn’t see the rest of the year afterward. Let’s just flip through few pages of the Good Book and see how we came to own our own Christmas.

Ye’GenaChe’wata (the game on Gena) የገና ጨዋታ

Carry the clubs and set out to the field for waiting you is the ancient game Gena! Here we have a very interesting story on how we came to have the game.

On the days of Herod, according to the books we were able to consult during the preparation of this writing, the Wise men who travelled in search of Jesus the Son were not just three.  There were twelve tribes each with 100, 000 people. But, on their way they had to fight with ‘armenewoch’ destroying 9 of the tribes. Only three of them were able to survive the battle and keep their journey. Mantusimar, Bedidasphar and Melku.

(in Western Christian tradition) their names are listed as Balthazar, Caspar, and Melchior; they were the three leaders of the tribes. The Bible knows them as the (3)Three Wise Men.

 James Tissot's painting – The Magi Journeying (Les rois mages en voyage) – Brooklyn Museum

James Tissot’s painting – The Magi Journeying (Les rois mages en voyage) – Brooklyn Museum

Now, as they cross his land Herod met the wise men. He asked them what they were in search of. Innocent in heart, they told him that they were looking for the king that had been prophesied to be born on those days. Herod asked of them again that they would tell him where the child was born on their way back home. They agreed. On the journey to Bethlehem Herod sent a spy named Roor. He was supposed to go with the wise men to Bethlehem and bring the news of Jesus’ whereabouts to Herod so that he could go there and kill the child for prophesy said that he was the king of Israel.

Emperor Menelik II having a grand Christmas dinner with his subjects _ dated Jan 7, 1900

Emperor Menelik II having a grand Christmas dinner with his subjects _ dated Jan 7, 1900

A star in the sky served the wise men as a guide. But after they met Herod the star was difficult to be seen. This happening vexed the wise men that they cast a lot amongst the leaders of the tribes. It fell on the tribe lead by Melku where the secret agent Roor was brought in to.

The stranger was found to be the cause for the disappearance of the guiding star. They cut off his head and played with it hitting and passing it amongst them.

Now, the angel of God appeared in the wise men’s dream and told them to change their route when they went back. They listened to the Angle of the Lord and went back to their land without telling anything about the Child’s whereabouts to Herod. He was so wrathful that he sent soldiers to the land of Bethlehem and slaughtered all the children under two years old.

melkam gena - genna - yelidet

As a memory for this happening a game called YeGena Chewata has been played by Ethiopians since Christianity was introduced. The game is played with a stick much like a golf club and a little wooden ball named after the spy – Roor.

YeGenaChewata in the olden times of the nation grants a special democracy. It was the rare occasion where a slave and his owner play with equal status. As the saying goes,

[also sourced from Amran Ethiopia Tour & Travel company]

 – – Biblcal references for this story = [the Gospel of Matthew chpt.2]

’Be GenaChewata

gena - yelidet - genna (Ethiopian game Chewata)2

AyekotumGeta’

The literal meaning of which is that on the game of Gena the servant’s owner no matter what happened would not get angry at anyone.

gena - yelidet - genna (Ethiopian game Chewata)

**other refs. **

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_Magi

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew%202

http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/melchior?showCookiePolicy=true

http://abcnews.go.com/Travel/wise-men-ancient-text-differs-bible-tale-magi/story?id=12460820

http://www.attalus.org/translate/barbari.html#51B

http://www.esoteric.msu.edu/VolumeIV/astrology.htm

http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/people-cultures-in-the-bible/jesus-historical-jesus/why-did-the-magi-bring-gold-frankincense-and-myrrh/

the Christmas Carol by John H. Hopkins “We Three Kings”

We three kings of Orient are;
Bearing gifts we traverse afar,
Field and fountain, moor and mountain,
Following yonder star.

– https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/We_Three_Kings

http://www.khouse.org/articles/2007/743/