Tag Archives: the priesthood

RSS# 31 (ብለህ ንገራቸው / אֱמֹר)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

IMG_0998

 

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Æmor – אֱמֹר, for this week, in this mode of study, for those out in the diaspora or outside Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the year 5781 this Sabbath day would probably fall on the, 18th – יח, & on the 19thיט, of the month of Iyar- אִייָר‎ . (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) but, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, in the 2013/7513 E.C. year, these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as B’læh N’gäráchäw – ብለህ ንገራቸው, on the 22nd – ፳፪, & on the 23rd – ፳፫, day of the ወርኀ(month), of Mīyazya – ሚያዝያ. The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Leviticus 21:1 – 24:23

Ezekiel 44: 15 – 31

I Peter 2: 4 – 10

lag b'omer - counting of the omer (shabuot)2

  The parsha/kifil for this week, is Æmor-B’leh N’gerachew.  But, aside from some of the more obvious inclinations made by socially, historically and politically aware brethren & sistren who probably recognize the blatancy of the symbology passing through the consciousness of the of study portion of the Scriptures, for this week; we will do our best to relay the best possible analysis.

Before going into the study portion in-depth, we will focus on the certain aspects that may or may not interest others in their examinations of not only our claims to the foundation of these studies but, others as well.  For instance, the Hebrew word Æmor – אֱמֹר, which comes to an English meaning of “say,” “utterance,” “word,”(or moreso dealing with speaking).  & the Ethiopian-Amharic equivalent which is, B’leh N’gerachew – ብለህ ንገራቸው, is in harmony to the manner of “speaking words,” more to the implications of intelligently speaking, but spoken words nonetheless being the focal point.

* SIDENOTE: for consideration *

Now, in noticing the ancient names for this week’s portion of the study of the Scriptures, there’s noticeable keys of understanding that one may pick up on, if attention is brought to it.  The point to be made is this,…: Æmor, has a resonant sound phonetically with the Law term known as “Moor.”  When this word/term is scrutinized carefully the term for this parsha, from the Hebraic form can collectively include the disobedience/fall of a great people of a dark hue(color), who were recognized legally during a certain period of time in the southern European region; comprising a number of countries.

moor-definition

From the Ethiopic perspective, the name of the kifil-portion, is B’leh N’gerachew – ብለህ ንገራቸው, and phonetically, especially for anyone who was born or grew up in the Western Hemisphere of the world, could notice the irony of the name of the study, along with the cognitive inferences to the modern time.  B’leh – ብለህ, which more than likely could mean “wise” or “intelligent,” & N’gerachew – ንገራቸው, giving meaning to “words,” or “manners of speaking.

A page from the Dictionary of the English language Yiddish-Hebrew-Latin by Ella Levita

Now, with the term Hebraic Æmor, and of course, the phonetical sounds in the Ethiopic word N’gerachew, the surety of understanding who, and what people who are considered to be, of the ethnicity/classification structure, known as, black are in general should be a point of interest.  Mainly, because this parsha/kifil deals with the blaspheming of an individual in the Hebraic community that was in the wilderness.

 

THIS WEEK’s STUDY,

is Æmor, which also tells of the rules and regulations given to the children of Israel, for the purification of the priests.  This study takes account of the HOLY days, which were to be observed by Israel, throughout their generations.  This study also shows the instruction by God, to Moses for Israel to perform service in the Tabernacle.  For example, the lights and bread in the Sanctuary were assembled and prepared in specific manner for worship in the Hebrew faith.  The blasphemer and his punishment are also a matter of focus in this study of the Scriptures.

priestly blessing hebrew

The laws for the priesthood were laid out to Moses, for the Kohaniim – כֹּהֲנִים(Priests) of the children of Israel.

[Lev. 21: 1-9]

Correspondingly, laws and commandments were laid out for the women of the children of Israel, with no partiality.  This would show that the children of Israel regardless of gender(sex), were to take responsibility for ones’ self.

[Lev. 21: 9-15]

Commandments of reaping the harvest, in the counting of the Omer, were obligations of the children of Israel, and gleaners were to leave a portion for the poor.

[Lev. 21: 15-24]

kedoshim - parsha [The Gleaners (engraving by Gustave Doré from the 1865 La Sainte Bible)]

The institution for the observance of the HIGH HOLY days were given to Moses for the Hebrew people, as well, in this study.  The feasts were the appointed times the children of Israel, were to reap the their harvests.  Known is modern Judaism, as the Moedim-מועדים: or the Yamim Nora’imימים נוראים.

[Lev. 23: 10-15]

The Sabbath(Shabbot/Senbet), Pesach, Sha(v)bu’ot, Rosh HaShanna, & Yom Kippur, were of the Meodim, that were spoken of in the Scripture study.

[Lev. 23: 1-44]

Shalosh Regalim

"The Blasphemer Stoned" _(illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible)

The_Blasphemer_Stoned(illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible)

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$19.99

RSS #26 (በስምንተኛውም ቀን / שְּׁמִינִי)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Shemini – שְּׁמִינִי, on the 27th – כז, & on the 28thכח, of the month of Abïb – אָבִיב, (sometimes known as Nisan – נִיסָן), in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 1st – , & on the 2nd – , of the month of Mïyâzya – ሚያዝያ.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as  BeS’minteñawim Q’en – በስምንተኛውም ቀን.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings: 

Leviticus 9:1 – 11:47

II Samuel 6:1 – 7:17

Hebrews 8: 1-6

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, eight days after the ordination or anointing of the Kohani’imכהנים (Priesthood), Moses now instructs Aaron to prepare a sin offering of a young bullock , as well as, a burnt offering of a ram and the children of Israel, were instructed to bring a sin offering of one kid from the goats, and a their burnt offering was to be one calf and one lamb, both of the first year, without blemishes.  Another bullock and ram were brought for a peace offering, along with a meat offering mingled with oil before God.

[Lev. 9:1-20]

Medieval Orthodox-Christian paintings of Moses (L) & Aaron. (R)

A wave offering was also presented before God, & the people were blessed out of the fire, because of the following of the laws and statutes while serving God in the wilderness.

[Lev. 9:21-24]

Nadab & Abihu

Nadab & Abihu

Aaron’s sons, Nadab & Abihu, were serving and performing the duties of the Priesthood, but offered a “strange fire” before God, which he had commanded them not to do. This action resulted in their judgment, which came by their deaths by being consumed by fire. Aaron, saw the consequences of the negative choices his own sons made by not staying in line with the Sinaitic Covenant & in line with the Order of the Levites; the statutes established between Israel & God upon Mount Sinai.

[Lev. 10:1-3]

wayikra - parsha (High_Priest_Offering_Incense_on_the_Altar)

But, Aaron other sons: Eleazar & Ithamar were grafted into the posts of the Priesthood and taught to conduct themselves in the manners of the ways of God’s covenant.

[Lev. 10:6-15]

shemini - parsha (sacrifices-offerings)

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, God also constitutes the laws regarding what has become known as “Kosher” (Kosher accounts to Kashrut – כַּשְׁרוּת )pertaining to what can be consumed as food or dietary for the children of Israel.

[Lev. 11]

FotoFlexer_PhotoAaron’s sons, Nadab & Abihu, were serving and performing the duties of the Priesthood, but offered a “strange fire” before God, which he had commanded them not to do. This action resulted in their judgment, which came by their deaths by being consumed by fire. Aaron, saw the consequences of the negative choices his own sons made by not staying in line with the Sinaitic Covenant & in line with the Order of the Levites; the statutes established between Israel & God upon Mount Sinai.

[Lev. 10:1-3]

fire_brimstone

But, Aaron’s other sons: Eleazar & Ithamar were grafted into the posts of the Priesthood and taught to conduct themselves in the manners of the ways of God’s covenant.

[Lev. 10:6-15]

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, God also constitutes the laws regarding what has become known as “Kosher” (Kosher accounts to Kashrut – כַּשְׁרוּת) pertaining to what can be consumed as food or dietary (from a Ras Tafarian’s ideology dietary=”Livity”) for the children of Israel.

[Lev. 11]

nadab-and-abihu

[SIDENOTES] – great facts for further research

This week’s Torah portion(study) is called Sheminiשְּׁמִינִי

H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I, made a way for REPATRIATION for those forcibly removed from their origins, and the land was named Shashamane – ሻሸመኔ

SHASHAMANE IS TO RASTAFARIANS _AS_ MECCA IS TO MUSLIMS (MOSLEMS)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shashamane

Ras Tafarian restaurant in Shashamane, with elaborate painting of the Seal of Imperial Ethiopia. {Imperial Ethiopian Coat of Arms / Crest}

Ras Tafarian restaurant in Shashamane, with elaborate painting of the Seal of Imperial Ethiopia. {Imperial Ethiopian Coat of Arms / Crest}…Ras Tafarian cuisine is majority vegan/vegetarian, raw food, and organic based.

[MORE NOTES: for study]

ETHIOPIAN-HEBREWS vid SHASHAMANE IS STILL THE ISSUE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aQmHgffLodE

NEGUSNEGESTITYOPIYAH vid _SLAVERY TO FREEDOM in SHASHAMANE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=spCSwk2RwAc

CNN REPORT: ETHIOPIAN WORLD FEDERATION HISTORIC 1948 LAND GRANT

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PZ1tDfiu4ks

Bob Marley(Birhane Selassie) SPEAKS ON THE LAND GRANT OF SHASHAMANE , HON. MINISTER LOUIS FARRAKHAN SPEAKS RAS TAFARI and ETHIOPIA; RAS IADINOS TÄFÄRÏ (of the L.O.J. SOCIETY CONCLUDES_

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&v=y7d–lBqCjw&NR=1

RSS # 25 (እዘዛቸው / צַו)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

IMG_0998

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Tẓ’ăw(v) – צַו, on the 13th – יג, & on the 14th ידof the month of Abïb – אָבִיב, (sometimes known as Nisan – נִיסָן), in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 25th – ፳፭, & on the 26th – ፳፮, of the month of Mägâbït – መጋቢት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as  Izzäzachäw – እዘዛቸው.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Leviticus 6:8 – 8:36

Jeremiah 7: 21- 8:3

Jeremiah 9: 22-24

Hebrews 7:23- 8:6

Now, for in summation of the study we have in front of us; In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, Moses receives further instructions from God about the laws and statutes for the “Sacrifices”/”Offerings,” that are to be administered by the preiesthood for the children of Israel.

tzaw - parsha (The Tabernacle (illustration from the 1901 Standard Eclectic Commentary))

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/purim/article_cdo/aid/644313/jewish/Zachor.htm

This portion of the study of the Scriptures, deals with the God’s instruction to Moses, in regards to the sacrifices(Korbanot קורבנות /Q’werban ቍርባን), in categorization.  Moses, addressed Aaron & his sons, [the priesthood] in accordance to the ordinances of the sacrifices.  Aaron & his descendants were to dress themselves in the garments of linen to administer the works within the tabernacle.

sacrifice-offerings-article

The offerings were to be prepared with flour, oil, frankincense and to be burnt upon the altar to God. What was left over was to be eaten by the priesthood with unleavened bread, in the Holy Place of the Mishkan(Tabernacle).

[Lev. 6:14-23]

tzaw - parsha [kohaniim-kahinat-qessoch-qessiim]

After the laws were laid for the foundations of the sacrifices/offerings, Moses was to consecrate his brother Aaron, and his sons(along with ALL his descendants) to be the anointed priesthood, to carry out the works of God for the children of Israel.

Moses, and his brother Aaron, carried out all of the instructions given to them by God.  In the wilderness they erected a Tabernacle, to the God that brought them out of bondage with the intent of bringing them to a land set forth for them to inherit.  Aaron’s sons were designated to perform the services of the Tabernacle upkeep, for the children of Israel.

tzaw - parsha - [Urim -n- T(h)ummim]

RSS # 24 (ጠርቶ/ וַיִּקְרָא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with V(W)aYikra – וַיִּקְרָא, on the 6th – ו, & on the 7th – ז, on the month of Abïb – אָבִיב, (sometimes known as Nisan – נִיסָן), in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 10th – ፲, & on the 12th – ፲፩, of the month of Mägâbït – መጋቢት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Ṭärtō – ጠርቶ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Leviticus 1:1- 6:7

Isaiah 43:21- 44:23

Hebrews 10: 1-18; 13: 10-15

For this week, in the portion of the study of the Scriptures, we’ve come to W(V)ayikra.  In the translation, the topic refers to the first line of the readings; “…& he called…”  The laws and ordinances of sacrifice were laid out for the children of Israel.  Moses receives the laws and statutes for the “Sacrifices”/”Offerings,” which are to be made for forgiveness/atonement for sins of the children of Israel. The details are explained to Moses, in relevance to the nature or the action, of the sin that may have been committed. Upon the realization of the sin, its offerings are categorized in different ways.

 

wayikra - parsha6

the sacrifice of an animal permissible for the action, was to take the place of the sinner, who had sinned against God, his commandments, or laws and statutes. Sin was forgiven by faith and repentance, but no because of the ultimate sacrifice, & fulfillment of Scriptures, Christ took on the sins of the world, like a Paschal Lamb of Passover.

wayikra - parsha (sacrifice-priesthood)

The Paschal Lamb was the unblemished animal which used to mark the doors of the Israelites on the night the 10th plague of the “Death of the First Born Of Egypt” was to pass through the land.

[Ex. 11:1- 12:13]

Christ established the new covenant with sacrificing himself, which also became revealed in his speaking over the sharing of the Passover Seder, with the apostles, in the Upper Room.

[Mt. 26:29]

wayikra - parsha (sacrifice-high-priest-sprinkling-blood)

The offering of sacrificial animals and grains were a strong focal point of the Torah, not bribe God, for every animal of the earth, God created, was and belonged to God, anyway.  Blood made a consecration and an atonement, with God. Blood is the life of flesh, so the blood makes atonement for the soul and the is symbolizes holiness through sacrifice. The sacrificial system made a representation of a life sacrificed for a life, with the wage of sin being death.

[Rm. 6:23]

wayikra - parsha (High_Priest_Offering_Incense_on_the_Altar)

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS # 21 (በቈጠርሃችው ጊዜ / כִּי תִשָּׂא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Ki-Tis(sh)a – כִּי תִשָּׂא, on the 21st – כא, & on the 22nd – כבof the month of Adar – אֲדָר, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 26th – ፳፮, & on the 27th – ፳፯, of the month of Yekátït – የካቲት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as BeQʷäT’ärháchäw Gizey – በቈጠርሃችው ጊዜ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Exodus 30: 11 – 34:35

I Kings 18: 1-39

II Corinthians 3: 1-18

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the men of the children of Israel were to make Atonement for them, and their families.  So, in turn, the atonement that was made by the men of the families could’ve been compared to a sort of census; taking an account for the children of Israel. A half-shekel of silver, was what was known to be used to donate to the sanctuary of Israel.

Exod. 30: 11-16

Exod. 30: 11-16

The finest of spices and of oils, and these were to be taken for an anointing, of the Priesthood. Then the Tabernacle was to be anointed, the Ark of the Covenant, along with all that was in the sanctuary. The Sabbath was to be continually kept, for how the anointing, sanctified the Tabernacle; the Sabbath sanctified them to God.

More instruction for the construction of the fixings of the Tabernacle were run down to Moses in the portion of the Scriptures.

Tabernacle Israelites Built(illustration from 1897 Bible Pictures and What They Teach Us by Charles Foster)

The bronze water basin was where the priests (Aaron and his descendants) were to wash before carrying out the duties that were to be done in service of the Tabernacle. Many can draw very close conclusions to how Christ wash the feet of the 12 (twelve) disciples on Passover before he was betrayed to this way of service.{Putting Christ, in the seat of a High Priest;  [Order of Melchisedeq]*}. The Anointing Oil was for the priests to be anointed before conducting the service of the ministry and for all the objects of the sanctuary.

ki tissa - parsha (priests water basin)

Moses, then spoke with two chosen to build for Israel, the sanctuary of the TabernacleBetz’alel, of Judah(son of Uri), and Aholiab, of Dan(son of Achiycamakh); would build: the Tabernacle, the Ark, and all the furniture for the sancutuary, along with these: the garments of the priests, also.


Moses then, ascends the Mount, that is Sinai, & it would seem to the children of Israel, that he would never return, for he stayed for forty days. But, once he descended, he found that Aaron & the Levites had molted gold together to make a calf that the children of Israel worshiped.

ki tissa - parsha (moses ascends the mount)

But, before Moses could return there were certain ones in and among the children of Israel, convincing Aaron to make a calf of gold which they began to worship, for Moses stayed atop the mountain to the point that some presumed his death.

ki tissa - parsha (the calf of gold)

Moses, then receiving instruction from YHWH, to return to the people for they corrupted themselves with an idol.  Moses, at the moment’s notice tried to intercede upon seeing what the people had done, but waxed hot in anger, & destroyed the tablets of stone with the instructions on the calf of gold.

ki tissa - parshA ( Moses destroys the tablets and the golden calf)

RSS #20 (እዘዛቸው / תְּצַוֶּה)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Tetẓ’av(w)eh – תְּצַוֶּה, on the 14th – יד, & on the 15th – טוof the month of Adar – אֲדָר, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 19th – ፲፱, & on the 20th – ፳, of the month of  Yekátït – የካቲት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Izzäzâchäw – እዘዛቸው.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – [ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Exodus 27:20- 30:10

Ezekiel 43:10-27

Hebrews 13:10-17

Now, in summation of the study we have in front of us; Moses is told by God that the children of Israel are to complete the construction of a sanctuary in the wilderness.  Other instruments and furniture, for the Tabernacle, that would be needed included: olive oil for the lampstand in what would be known as the Holy Place.

[Ex. 27: 20]

[Ex. 25: 31]And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.

Also, in this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the subject deals mostly with the “everlasting flame” of the candlestick.

[Ex. 25:31-40]

[Hebrews 12: 29]"...For our GOD is a consuming fire..."

Olive Oil(oil of anointing [Ex.25:6]) was to be used for light, including the other furniture

The priesthood is also established in the heritage of the Levites(Hebrew Israelite Tribe of Levi), along with the priestly garments that were to be constructed & worn only when service in the Tabernacle was to be performed.

brestplate of hakohen(High Priest)

Moses, by the instruction of God, ordains Aaron, his brother, to become the High Priest, along with his sons and the rest of his descendants. Here, Aaron’s wife, Elisheba, whom was the daughter of Amminadab ben Judah(son of Judah), sister to Nahshon ben Amminadab(son of Amminadab), of the tribe of Judah, became the Matriarch of the Cohanim(priests).

Egyptian Diety Khepri

Egyptian Diety Khepri

The sacred covering of the Ark of The Covenant, which the Cohanim were to give service to on behalf the children of Israel, is called Kapporeth – כפורת, so finding out why the picture placed above, is of what might be known as Khepri, I’ll leave it up to anyone who’s curious enough to take a look for themselves. I would elaborate more on how linguistics also play a part in the understanding of Scripture, but that’s pretty apparent. Though, it may seem, out of context that there could possibly be more connections of the Hebrew/Jewish thought and practice, to the Ancient Egyptian Mysteries or the traditional Judeo-Christian aspects of this, it meets more points of similarity than most people can see. For example, in Hebrew, the “Holy of Holies” is named as the Kodesh HaKodeshiyimקֹדֶשׁ הַקֳּדָשִׁים , and semantically similar in the ancient Ge’ez old Ethiopic language of the Ethiopian-Jews and Ethiopia entirely, the same is called the Q’edeste Q’ddusan – ቀደስተ ቅዱሳን.

….…the curtains of the outer court of the Tabernacle were to be made of brass(copper), for an enclosure…

terumah - parsha (outer court)

The priesthood of the Israelites was also established in the heritage of the Levites(Hebrew Israelite Tribe of Levi), along with the priestly garments that were to be constructed & worn when services in the Tabernacle were conducted.

tetzaweh - parsha6

Amharic Bible Dict. - የመጽሐፍ ቅዱስ መዝገበ ቃላት (book cover)

Ethiopian Bible Society’s Amharic Holy Bible Dictionary

NEW PRINTED EDITION!!! AVAILABLE (Outside of Ethiopia)! The official “AMHARIC DICTIONARY OF THE HOLY BIBLE.” Originally compiled as a study companion to the 1961-62′ Authorized Revised Amharic Bible, during the times H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I of Ethiopia, sometimes referred to as the “Emperor’s Bible.” This revised and reloaded edition printed from Valiancy Publishing continues the tradition of Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Christianity intense study & application of the Holy Bible.

$16.99

RSS# 19 (ስጦታ መባ / תְּרוּמָה)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Terumah – תְּרוּמָה, on the 7th – ז, & on the 8th – חof the month of Adar – אֲדָר, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 12th – ፲፪, & on the 13th – ፲፫, of the month of Yekátït – የካቲት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as S’Tota Mäba – ስጦታ መባ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – [ግእዝ]).

**SHABBOT ROSH CH’ODESH:**

Numbers 28: 9-15

Isaiah 66: 1-24

rosh chodesh adar

Readings:

Exodus 25:1- 27:19
I Kings 5:26 [KJV begins @ verse 12] – 6:13
II Corinthians 9:1-15
Matthew 5:33-37

At this point, in the study of the Scriptures, the children of Israel are given the instructions from God through Moses to build a Tabernacle. (in the wilderness)

Tabernacle sketch by Harley Pinon

The children of Israel, produced 13 gifts for offering to YHWH (only seven covered in this portion), for the construction of the Tabernacle.  Contributions of gold, silver, brass(copper), blue, red(scarlet), and purple linen, goat’s hair, ram’s skin dyed red, sealskin, acacia-wood, oil, incense(spices), & gems(onyx stones).

terumah - parsha (tabernacle furniture)

God spoke to Moses, the instruments to be utilized in the Tabernacle with their positions and purposes.  God had set a upon the completion of the Tabernacle, to dwell among the Hebrews.

the Ark. [Ex. 25: 10-22]

Moses, told the children of Israel of what was to be done and how it was to be arranged; and they obeyed and performed the actions set before them.

terumah - parsha (table of showbread-shulch'an)

The children of Israel, in reception to the construction of the Mishkan (Tabernacle), gave way to what would become the construction of the Temple of Jerusalem in King Solomon‘s time.  In many ways, the “portable Temple,”  or the Mishkan became a foreshadowing and also, symbolic measure of the wandering in the wilderness, the children of Israel had experienced.

While the coming construction of the Temple of Jerusalem in Solomon‘s time, by way of the desires of his father David; the Temple symbolically embodied the “resting place of the Temple/Mishkan.”

Menorah/Lampstand (candlestick) [Ex. 25: 31-40]

The children of Israel, by tribe, were to be arranged around the Tabernacle in the wilderness, as well.

Altar of Sacrifice. [Ex. 27: 1-8]

From the dimensions, to the portability, (because of the trek through the wilderness), the Israelites were to follow and construct the dwelling place of YHWH, for the Tabernacle.

Outer court [Ex. 27: 9-19]

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS# 18 (ሥራዓት / מִּשְׁפָּטִים)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Mishpatim – מִּשְׁפָּטִים, on the 30th – ל, of the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָט, 7, & on the 1st- אof the month of Adar – , in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; on the 5th – , & on the 6th – , of the month of Yekátït – የካቲት.  These readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as;  S(h)’raut – ሥራዓት.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 21:1- 24:18

Jeremiah 34:8-22 ; chpt. 33: 25, 26

Matthew 5:38-42 ; chpt. 17: 1-11

 

Now, in summation of the study we have in front of us, this portion of the study of the Scriptures, laws/ordinances/judgments for the Passover(Pesach – פסח / Fasika – ፋሲካ) are set out.  In addition to the Decalogue(Ten Commandments/Words), another series of laws were given to Moses, to give to the children of Israel. This has been accounted for as the covenant upon Mount Sinai (or the Sinaitic Covenant).  God commands Moses, Aaron, & Aaron’s sons: Nadab and Abihu, to ascend the mountain.

[Ex. 24:9-11]

Covenant Code(detailed statutes)

[Exodus 21-23]

ELoHIM upon Mt Sinai

The instituting of Hebrews,( in particular the men ), to show up or appear, before God three times was established, with these detailed statutes.

Laws and ordinances, on servitude, child rearing, crime, and other aspects, are covered for the children of Israel to observe and do.  This has been accounted for as the covenant upon Mount Sinai.

Feast of Unleavened Bread

(Passover – פֶּסַח), is a memorial of the Exodus from Egypt. It also observes, the avoiding all leavened grain products and similar foods of consumption.  Most families or communities tell stories of the Exodus traditionally. Pesach(Passover) usually lasts eight days (for some others it may comprise seven days): Passover’s equivalent in Ethiopian Jewish/Hebrew tradition is called (Fasika – ፋሲካ) from other translated sources Fasika, is the equivalent for the meaning from/into Easter; in the English. Fasika has been an upkeep from the traditions and teachings of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church, since around fourth century A.D.  Even, for what is known as a Christian church, this festival of Fasika(Easter/Passover) holds significance than what is known as Christmas. Fasika succeeds an approx., 56-day fasting period, which is has certain relevancy to the Western Christian ideas of Lent. Fasika, is known to be a a day of high celebration.

fasika-drum16

Also, in continuance of the giving of the laws, statutes and commandments, along with the judgments of YHWH; the children of Israel were also given more times of observances for the Hebrew people.  These observances have become, what is known as the Moed’im – מועדים.

http://www.yashanet.com/studies/revstudy/rev3.htm

The people of Israel, proclaimed that they would hear obey the commands of YHWH.

http://www.messianic-torah-truth-seeker.org/Torah/Pesach/Pesach.html

Now, the second of these important feasts is the Feast of Weeks/Harvest, (Shav(b)uot/KH’ag Shab(v)uotחג שבעות) commemorates the day God gave the Torah/the LAW to the entire nation of Israel which had come to be assembled at Mount Sinai.  Shavuot is linked to Passover, it also concludes the Counting of the Omer, of the seven weeks/counting of God’s festivals.

harvest-shavuot

and at the Feast of Tabernacles/Succoth. (Sukkot – סֻכּוֹת) The Feast of the Ingathering, is celebrated on the 15th day of the month of Tisrei, on the Hebrew/Jewish calendar. Moses told the children of Israel to gather for a reading of the Law during Sukkot every seventh year (Deut. 31:10-11).  Sukkot is a seven day holiday, and part of what is known in Jewish tradition as the Chol HaMoed(festival weekdays). Observance of Sukkot is detailed in the Book of this week’s Torah portion.

[Exodus 23:14]

sukkot4

In this portion of the Scriptures, important observances for the children of Israel, which have now become known as the Shalosh Regalim.

(or commonly known as the three national High Holy Days of Israel)

After this establishment Moses, was then summoned by God to ascend the mountain where he remained for forty days and forty nights.

Amharic Bible Dict. - የመጽሐፍ ቅዱስ መዝገበ ቃላት (book cover)

Ethiopian Bible Society’s Amharic Holy Bible Dictionary

NEW PRINTED EDITION!!! AVAILABLE (Outside of Ethiopia)! The official “AMHARIC DICTIONARY OF THE HOLY BIBLE.” Originally compiled as a study companion to the 1961-62′ Authorized Revised Amharic Bible, during the times H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I of Ethiopia, sometimes referred to as the “Emperor’s Bible.” This revised and reloaded edition printed from Valiancy Publishing continues the tradition of Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Christianity intense study & application of the Holy Bible.

$19.99

RSS# 17 (ዮቶር / יִתְרוֹ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Yitro – יִתְרוֹ, on the 23rd – כג, & on the 24th – כדof the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָטin the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; on the 28th – ፳፰, & on the 29th – ፳፱, of the month of T’rጥር.  These readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as;  Yotor – ዮቶር.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 18:1- 20:23

Isaiah 6:1- 7:6

Isaiah 9:5-6

Matthew 5:8-20

Now, for in summation of the study we have in front of us; In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, Jethro (Yitro in Hebrew; Yotor in Amharic), Moses’ father-in-law, hears the all that has happened in Egypt. The miracles of Israel’s departure from Egypt, GOD’s guidance through the wilderness, & his help in the defeat of the enemies of the children of Israel.

Moses-And-Tzipporah-the-prince-of-the-egypt

Now, the children of Israel have sojourned to the dwelling of Moses’ wife(Ts’pporah) and father-in-law’s, land in Midian & pitched camp. Jethro, then advises Moses on structuring the command of the children of Israel into a sort of order of civil officers, after bringing his wife and two sons(Gershom; who’s name has the meaning of “I have been an foreigner in a strange land,” & Eliazar; who’s name has the meaning of, “the GOD of my father, is mine help & delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh”) from Midian to the wilderness.

israel exodus out of egypt map

Jethro, then entreats the GOD of Israel, sighting him as greater then all gods. Then Jethro took a burnt offering and sacrificed to the GOD of Israel, & broke bread with Moses, Aaron, & all the elders of Israel.

Moses, takes heed to his father-in-law’s words, & assembles all the tribes of Israel and appoints heads over them.  These heads(of the tribes) would discern small matters and only bring matters that were of great concern to Moses, to not wear heavy on him, burdens of an entire nation.

Moshe & the 70 elders of Israel

In the third month, of the coming out of Egypt, Israel came to the wilderness of Sinai, from Rephidim. Moses went up the Mount, in the wilderness & GOD spoke to him, calling for Israel to become a nation of priests & a holy nation

– [Ex. 19:5]

Jewish/Hebrew calendarformulated at Hebrew4Christians.com

Whenever GOD came to speak to Moses, to lay out instructions for Israel to follow, GOD came in a cloud of fire upon the Mount in Sinai. Moses then, took instructions of GOD to sanctify the children of Israel & to command them not to come near the mountain, for if they did, they would surely be put to death. Man or beast, should not come near the mountain in the wilderness.

[Ex. 19:1-13]

yitro - parsha [wilderness]

The GOD of Israel also gives to Moses and the Israelites, what is known as the Ten Commandments. No one else goes up, upon the mountain to meet GOD but Moses. Aaron, his sons & the elders of Israel come with Moses but they leave Moses to go further up to receive the instructions at the height of the mountain.

moses_ethiopian

It came to pass on the third day when it was morning, that there were thunder claps and lightning flashes, and a thick cloud was upon the mountain, and a very powerful blast of a shofar, and the entire nation that was in the camp shuddered.

–Exodus 19:16

 

Nash Papyrus2nd cent. Hebrew Decalogue

(613 Mitzvot-Commandmaents)

http://www.jewfaq.org/613.htm

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS#13 (ስሞች/ שְׁמוֹת)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Shemot – שְׁמוֹת, on the 20th – כ, & the 21st – כא, of the month of Teb(v)et – טֵבֵתin the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513 these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as; S’moch – ስሞች; on the 8th – ፰, & on the 9th – ፱, of the month of Taḥ’sas- ታኅሣሥ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 1:1- 6:1

Isaiah 27:6 – 28:13

Isaiah 29: 22-23

Acts 7: 17-35

I Corinthians 14: 18-25

As we move out of the first book of the Torah/Orit, we go into the second book, which is Exodus.

shemot - parsha [Book of Exodus]2

Now, the children of Israel had come into Egypt under Joseph, & buried Jacob(Israel) in the land of Canaan.  Wherefore, the children of Israel grew exceedingly in Egypt.  But, as time past there came a Pharaoh, who did not know Joseph, & sought to dealt wisely with the Hebrews, for there was worry of the great numbers the children of Israel grew to.  But, taking matters further, the Pharaoh that did not know Joseph, found it beneficial to serve the Hebrews with work of rigor.

[Exo. 1: 1-11]

Exo. 1: 11 [...Pithom & Raamses...]

Even, taking matters to another step, there was a decree made by Pharaoh, to have any male child of the children of Israel slain.  This charge was given to two Hebrew midwivesShiphrah & Puah.

[Exo. 1: 12-22]

sistershealingthumbnail_partII

These two Hebrew women, did not follow the orders the Pharaoh, for they feared the judgement of God, more than he.  So, Israel continued to grow in number.  Pharaoh determined, charged his people to take matters more seriously.  In the midst of this, out of the house of Levi, was born a male-child, at three months was sent up a river, in attempt to save his life, by his mother.

shemot - parsha [basket Moses was saved by] chabad.org

This child was found at the hand of the daughter of the Pharaoh, whom knew of the decree for the Hebrew male children, & noticed the this child was one of the them, wrapped the clothing of their arrangements, and a small ark of bulrushes.  The daughter of the Pharaoh, took him and had him nursed by the Hebrew woman, who sent him up the river.

[Exo. 2: 1-10]

moshe(muse)_draw from the river

The child grew in favor of the Egyptians, but things began to change in his life, as he learned more about himself.  The child had been named Moses by the daughter of the Pharaoh, for she drew him from the waters.  He went out one day, among the Hebrews & saw an Egyptian smiting a Hebrew, enraged by the burdens which the children of Israel had to endure, he in sudden moment slew the Egyptian & hid him in the sand.  Days past, & then Moses saw two Hebrew at each others throats, in argument, Moses intervened & tried to find common ground between the two.

shemot - parsha [maps-bible-archeology-exodus-arabia-midianites-ishmaelites]

But, one who clearly had been found at fault the argument, confronted Moses, and rejected him for he knew of Moses interaction between the Hebrew & the Egyptian he had slain, in secret.  Moses, for fear, fled to Midian, where he would later meet Reu’el(Jethro); a man who raised seven daughters.  The seven daughters, were whom Moses would meet first, for they came to a well to draw water for the flocks they attended for their father.  The seven daughters of Reu’el(Jethro), were being harassed by some other shepherds & Moses again, intervened driving them away, along with helping them water their flocks.

[Exo. 2: 11-17]

= Ts’ipporah-ሲፓራ/צִּפּוֹרָה

Ts’ipporah – ሲፓራ / צִּפּוֹרָה

The daughters came to tell their father of what happened to the mat the well, & they described Moses as an Egyptian, for he still carried a few things which he left with, but Reu’el, knew that of the times, it would be odd for an Egyptian to help a Midianite.  Reu’el(Jethro), invited Moses to stay a while in Midian.  Before long Moses felt love one Reu’el’s  daughters & her name was Ts’ipporah – ሲፓራ / צִּפּוֹרָה.

moses-burning-bush

They were married and had a son, whom they named Gershom – ጌርሳም / גֵּרְשׁוֹם.

[Exo. 2: 18-22]

shemot-ahayah-asher-ahayah-iam-that-iam

The cry of the children of Israel became great, so great they even sought a deliverer, from prophecies.  Moses, now attended the flocks of Reu’el(Jethro), but the voice of God was about to call upon him.

[Exo. 2: 23- 3:19]

Moses, then took his family into Egypt, & reunited with his original family, in which his brother Aaron, became his priest.

yhwh

Moses, then is confronted with the disbelief of the children of Israel. & thus began the exchange, between Moses & Pharaoh; exchanges which would be for the release of the Hebrew people from Egypt.

el-shaddai

[Exo. 3:20- 6:1]

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