Tag Archives: the Israelites

✤ TINS(h)A’E – ትንሣኤ – “RESURRECTION” ✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

IMG_0998

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopic Tewahido-Orthodox, celebration of Fasika.  In other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’ale Tinsa’e – በዓለ ትንሣኤ.

I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherance to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic Passover(Pesach/ PesaKH’-פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread(KH’ag/ Chag Ha’Motz’ot-Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread
Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread
Ethiopian Injera - Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa'e)
Ethiopian Injera – Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa’e)

Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season (often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade-ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome-ዓቢይ ጾመ.

[The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortification. Self denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things. It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed on the faithful the longest and most austere fasts in the world. Fasting implies abstention from food and drink. Special days are appointed for fasting. Every Wednesday and Friday are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord and on Friday they crucified him.]

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church-(Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fetha Nägäst-or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}

 

LINKS:

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

RSS #26 (በስምንተኛውም ቀን / שְּׁמִינִי)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Shemini – שְּׁמִינִי, on the 27th – כז, & on the 28thכח, of the month of Abïb – אָבִיב, (sometimes known as Nisan – נִיסָן), in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 1st – , & on the 2nd – , of the month of Mïyâzya – ሚያዝያ.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as  BeS’minteñawim Q’en – በስምንተኛውም ቀን.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings: 

Leviticus 9:1 – 11:47

II Samuel 6:1 – 7:17

Hebrews 8: 1-6

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, eight days after the ordination or anointing of the Kohani’imכהנים (Priesthood), Moses now instructs Aaron to prepare a sin offering of a young bullock , as well as, a burnt offering of a ram and the children of Israel, were instructed to bring a sin offering of one kid from the goats, and a their burnt offering was to be one calf and one lamb, both of the first year, without blemishes.  Another bullock and ram were brought for a peace offering, along with a meat offering mingled with oil before God.

[Lev. 9:1-20]

Medieval Orthodox-Christian paintings of Moses (L) & Aaron. (R)

A wave offering was also presented before God, & the people were blessed out of the fire, because of the following of the laws and statutes while serving God in the wilderness.

[Lev. 9:21-24]

Nadab & Abihu

Nadab & Abihu

Aaron’s sons, Nadab & Abihu, were serving and performing the duties of the Priesthood, but offered a “strange fire” before God, which he had commanded them not to do. This action resulted in their judgment, which came by their deaths by being consumed by fire. Aaron, saw the consequences of the negative choices his own sons made by not staying in line with the Sinaitic Covenant & in line with the Order of the Levites; the statutes established between Israel & God upon Mount Sinai.

[Lev. 10:1-3]

wayikra - parsha (High_Priest_Offering_Incense_on_the_Altar)

But, Aaron other sons: Eleazar & Ithamar were grafted into the posts of the Priesthood and taught to conduct themselves in the manners of the ways of God’s covenant.

[Lev. 10:6-15]

shemini - parsha (sacrifices-offerings)

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, God also constitutes the laws regarding what has become known as “Kosher” (Kosher accounts to Kashrut – כַּשְׁרוּת )pertaining to what can be consumed as food or dietary for the children of Israel.

[Lev. 11]

FotoFlexer_PhotoAaron’s sons, Nadab & Abihu, were serving and performing the duties of the Priesthood, but offered a “strange fire” before God, which he had commanded them not to do. This action resulted in their judgment, which came by their deaths by being consumed by fire. Aaron, saw the consequences of the negative choices his own sons made by not staying in line with the Sinaitic Covenant & in line with the Order of the Levites; the statutes established between Israel & God upon Mount Sinai.

[Lev. 10:1-3]

fire_brimstone

But, Aaron’s other sons: Eleazar & Ithamar were grafted into the posts of the Priesthood and taught to conduct themselves in the manners of the ways of God’s covenant.

[Lev. 10:6-15]

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, God also constitutes the laws regarding what has become known as “Kosher” (Kosher accounts to Kashrut – כַּשְׁרוּת) pertaining to what can be consumed as food or dietary (from a Ras Tafarian’s ideology dietary=”Livity”) for the children of Israel.

[Lev. 11]

nadab-and-abihu

[SIDENOTES] – great facts for further research

This week’s Torah portion(study) is called Sheminiשְּׁמִינִי

H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I, made a way for REPATRIATION for those forcibly removed from their origins, and the land was named Shashamane – ሻሸመኔ

SHASHAMANE IS TO RASTAFARIANS _AS_ MECCA IS TO MUSLIMS (MOSLEMS)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shashamane

Ras Tafarian restaurant in Shashamane, with elaborate painting of the Seal of Imperial Ethiopia. {Imperial Ethiopian Coat of Arms / Crest}

Ras Tafarian restaurant in Shashamane, with elaborate painting of the Seal of Imperial Ethiopia. {Imperial Ethiopian Coat of Arms / Crest}…Ras Tafarian cuisine is majority vegan/vegetarian, raw food, and organic based.

[MORE NOTES: for study]

ETHIOPIAN-HEBREWS vid SHASHAMANE IS STILL THE ISSUE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aQmHgffLodE

NEGUSNEGESTITYOPIYAH vid _SLAVERY TO FREEDOM in SHASHAMANE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=spCSwk2RwAc

CNN REPORT: ETHIOPIAN WORLD FEDERATION HISTORIC 1948 LAND GRANT

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PZ1tDfiu4ks

Bob Marley(Birhane Selassie) SPEAKS ON THE LAND GRANT OF SHASHAMANE , HON. MINISTER LOUIS FARRAKHAN SPEAKS RAS TAFARI and ETHIOPIA; RAS IADINOS TÄFÄRÏ (of the L.O.J. SOCIETY CONCLUDES_

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&v=y7d–lBqCjw&NR=1

✡ ፋሲካ _ Passover _ פֶּסַח ✡

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover. In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח. (In the Ethiopic sense this is known as Fasïka – ፋሲካ; which phonetically/linguistically similar.) Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery but, moreso the bondage spiritually, financialy, and socially in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs.  Their freedom as a nation under the leadership of Moses began a traverse through the wilderness and desert lands of the Sinai Peninsula, and the Levant.  But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political, and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt(Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt(Upper Egypt).

Passover is considered apart of the Shalosh Regalim – שלוש רגלים, or the main festivals of Israel’s commemoration to God. The day commences on the afternoon of the Hebraic, 14th of the month of Abïb/Nisan.

 

I welcome you all to another celebratory posting as we move closer to monumental commemoration of the Hebraic Passover.  This time is set for recollection and reexamination of one’s self.  Fasting & prayer is key leading up to the Passover.

In continuation already set by the first day of the Samínt/Shabūa (loosely translated; the week); we move into the culminating level of the count in Abïy T’zōm – አብይ ፆም/ዓቢይ ጾም.

([YeAbiy Ts’om Minbabat : Zeymawoch’na Sibketoch]) = The Readings for the “Great Fast” : Times of the Teachings/Preachings/Sermons.

http://ethiopianorthodox.org/amharic/seasonal/lentprogram.html

lent-hudade

Abiy Tsom/ Hudade = the Great Lenten Fast

RasTafari Renaissance continues to celebrate in the Tewahedo faith the “Great Fast,” or Abïy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓቢይ ጾም.  This period in the Ethiopian & Eritrean Churches, which are also known as the “Tewahido/Tewahedo” churches clustered with the other Orthodox sister churches (ie. Greek Orthodox, Syrian Orthodox, Russian Orthodox etc.) have similar practices which have orderly examples in which they observe this time leading up to Passover; known to the greater world as “Easter.”  You may know of this time especially in the West, that leads to Easter.

[the Three Pilgrimage feast/festivals – Shalosh Regalim]

The narrative of the Exodus from the Scriptures, [Exo. 23: 15], gives the overlay of the children of Israel story in Rgypt.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

http://www.jewfaq.org/holidaya.htm

Passover commemorates the story of the Exodus, in which the ancient Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt. Passover begins on the 15th day of the month of Nisan in the Jewish calendar, which is in spring in the Northern Hemisphere, and is celebrated for seven or eight days. It is one of the most widely observed Jewish holidays.

 

To the Ethiopian & Eritrean Orthodox Churches, Lent (Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ) Abïy Tẓ’ōm,  means a period of fasting when the faithful undergo a rigorous schedule of prayers and penitence. This fast is observed with greater rigor than any other fast and it is a test of one’s Christianity.  One who fails to keep it is not considered a good Christian.  Properly observed it nullifies the sins committed during the rest of the year.  The faithful should abstain from all food except bread, water and salt.  It consists of about 56 days (opposite of the Western Christian – 40 days), all meat is forbidden, and also, what are called “lactina/lactose;” milk, butter, cheese, eggs, etc, by practical sense.

This seventh week’s readings, focus on verses from the Book of John chapter 3: verses 1-12.

Each week of the Great Lent has its own name associated with what Christ did or taught. The names and the corresponding part for readings, of the bible are shown below with each Sunday heralding the beginning of each week & focus reading.

http://www.eotc.faithweb.com/

[NOTE:]  Usually, small children of are excluded from these practices until the age of maturity has surfaced.

(around pre-teen, or the teenage period)

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent [2]

https://ethnomed.org/calendar/abiy-tsom-lent-2016

Fasting is appears in many religions around the world, but, as ones would know, in the west it has lost its rigor for the majority of peoples. However, in the Ethiopian/Eritrean Orthodox church & to the extent of the other Orthodox churches of the east; there are many fasting days through the year.  In the most strict observances, all fasters would be vegan for half the year.  The longest of the fasts is our topic here in the Hudade(i)/ Abïy Tsom season.  So, as the Lenten Fast or the “Great Fast,” leads up to Easter/Passover it is variously known in dfferent forms, and the majority of adherent of the Orthodox churches approximately fast for these 55 days every year.

Ethiopian Bible Society’s Amharic Holy Bible Dictionary

NEW PRINTED EDITION!!! AVAILABLE (Outside of Ethiopia)! The official “AMHARIC DICTIONARY OF THE HOLY BIBLE.” Originally compiled as a study companion to the 1961-62′ Authorized Revised Amharic Bible, during the times H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I of Ethiopia, sometimes referred to as the “Emperor’s Bible.” This revised and reloaded edition printed from Valiancy Publishing continues the tradition of Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Christianity intense study & application of the Holy Bible.

$19.99

RSS # 25 (እዘዛቸው / צַו)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

IMG_0998

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Tẓ’ăw(v) – צַו, on the 13th – יג, & on the 14th ידof the month of Abïb – אָבִיב, (sometimes known as Nisan – נִיסָן), in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 25th – ፳፭, & on the 26th – ፳፮, of the month of Mägâbït – መጋቢት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as  Izzäzachäw – እዘዛቸው.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Leviticus 6:8 – 8:36

Jeremiah 7: 21- 8:3

Jeremiah 9: 22-24

Hebrews 7:23- 8:6

Now, for in summation of the study we have in front of us; In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, Moses receives further instructions from God about the laws and statutes for the “Sacrifices”/”Offerings,” that are to be administered by the preiesthood for the children of Israel.

tzaw - parsha (The Tabernacle (illustration from the 1901 Standard Eclectic Commentary))

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/purim/article_cdo/aid/644313/jewish/Zachor.htm

This portion of the study of the Scriptures, deals with the God’s instruction to Moses, in regards to the sacrifices(Korbanot קורבנות /Q’werban ቍርባን), in categorization.  Moses, addressed Aaron & his sons, [the priesthood] in accordance to the ordinances of the sacrifices.  Aaron & his descendants were to dress themselves in the garments of linen to administer the works within the tabernacle.

sacrifice-offerings-article

The offerings were to be prepared with flour, oil, frankincense and to be burnt upon the altar to God. What was left over was to be eaten by the priesthood with unleavened bread, in the Holy Place of the Mishkan(Tabernacle).

[Lev. 6:14-23]

tzaw - parsha [kohaniim-kahinat-qessoch-qessiim]

After the laws were laid for the foundations of the sacrifices/offerings, Moses was to consecrate his brother Aaron, and his sons(along with ALL his descendants) to be the anointed priesthood, to carry out the works of God for the children of Israel.

Moses, and his brother Aaron, carried out all of the instructions given to them by God.  In the wilderness they erected a Tabernacle, to the God that brought them out of bondage with the intent of bringing them to a land set forth for them to inherit.  Aaron’s sons were designated to perform the services of the Tabernacle upkeep, for the children of Israel.

tzaw - parsha - [Urim -n- T(h)ummim]

RSS # 24 (ጠርቶ/ וַיִּקְרָא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with V(W)aYikra – וַיִּקְרָא, on the 6th – ו, & on the 7th – ז, on the month of Abïb – אָבִיב, (sometimes known as Nisan – נִיסָן), in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 10th – ፲, & on the 12th – ፲፩, of the month of Mägâbït – መጋቢት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Ṭärtō – ጠርቶ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Leviticus 1:1- 6:7

Isaiah 43:21- 44:23

Hebrews 10: 1-18; 13: 10-15

For this week, in the portion of the study of the Scriptures, we’ve come to W(V)ayikra.  In the translation, the topic refers to the first line of the readings; “…& he called…”  The laws and ordinances of sacrifice were laid out for the children of Israel.  Moses receives the laws and statutes for the “Sacrifices”/”Offerings,” which are to be made for forgiveness/atonement for sins of the children of Israel. The details are explained to Moses, in relevance to the nature or the action, of the sin that may have been committed. Upon the realization of the sin, its offerings are categorized in different ways.

 

wayikra - parsha6

the sacrifice of an animal permissible for the action, was to take the place of the sinner, who had sinned against God, his commandments, or laws and statutes. Sin was forgiven by faith and repentance, but no because of the ultimate sacrifice, & fulfillment of Scriptures, Christ took on the sins of the world, like a Paschal Lamb of Passover.

wayikra - parsha (sacrifice-priesthood)

The Paschal Lamb was the unblemished animal which used to mark the doors of the Israelites on the night the 10th plague of the “Death of the First Born Of Egypt” was to pass through the land.

[Ex. 11:1- 12:13]

Christ established the new covenant with sacrificing himself, which also became revealed in his speaking over the sharing of the Passover Seder, with the apostles, in the Upper Room.

[Mt. 26:29]

wayikra - parsha (sacrifice-high-priest-sprinkling-blood)

The offering of sacrificial animals and grains were a strong focal point of the Torah, not bribe God, for every animal of the earth, God created, was and belonged to God, anyway.  Blood made a consecration and an atonement, with God. Blood is the life of flesh, so the blood makes atonement for the soul and the is symbolizes holiness through sacrifice. The sacrificial system made a representation of a life sacrificed for a life, with the wage of sin being death.

[Rm. 6:23]

wayikra - parsha (High_Priest_Offering_Incense_on_the_Altar)

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS # 22-23 (ሰብስቦ – ዕቃ ድምር ይህ ነው/ וַיַּקְהֵל – פְקוּדֵי)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regenartion of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of the Torah portion with W(V)ayakhel – וַיַּקְהֵל, from a Jewish/Hebrew mode of study for those out in the diaspora, living outside of Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the 5781 year, this Sabbath day would more than likely fall on the 28th – כד, & on the 29th – כה, of the month of  Adar-אֲדָר . (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to 2013/7513 year, in what is known as Seb’s’bo – ሰብስቦ; on the 3rd – ፫, & on the 4th – ፬, on the (ወርኀ) month of መጋቢት (Megabeet).  In the Scriptures, what is also known as . On the Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ)

Readings:

Exodus 35:1- 38:20

I Kings 7: 40-50

II Corinthians 9: 6-11

I Corinthians 3: 11-18

This portion of the study of the Scriptures, Moses gathers the children of Israel together to relay rules & regulations for the Sabbath, & how they are to conduct themselves and teach the following generations as a statute among them, forever.  Moses also gave instructions to the children of Israel for the construction of the Tabernacle.

[Exod. 35: 1-19]

Tabernacle (Mishkan-Dinkwan)

Moses, also explained that there would be two chosen among them that would offer their craftsmanship, and work to construct a place where God could come and dwell among the children of Israel while they made their way through the .  Then were found Betz’aleel ben-Uri (ben Uri= son of Uri), out of the tribe of Judah, & Aholiab ben-Achiycamakh (ben Achiycamakh= son of Akisamac) were called by God to be the chief artisans/masons of the Tabernacle in the wilderness.  But this didn’t exclude any of the wise-hearted (men or women: [Exod. 35: 20-26]), skilled and resourceful among the children of Israel to participate.

[Exod. 35: 20-35]

Aholiab & Betza'leel : skilled craftsmen of Israel

Aholiab & Betza’leel : skilled craftsmen of Israel

While the people brought willingly to God, the items for the construction of the Tabernacle, which they could  provide; it was brought to Moses’ attention that they brought more than what would be needed.  Moses then gave commandment and proclamation to the children of Israel that they be restrained from bringing anymore gifts/offerings to the builders and the wise-hearted for the service.

[Ex.36: 1-7]

terumah - parsha (contrubitions-gifts-offerings)

The children of Israel, then went on to construct the Tabernacle in the wilderness for YHWH to come and dwell amongst them.  Dividing the tasks of workmanship among each other, the Hebrews worked diligently constructed the ornaments of the Tabernacle, like the outer courts’ pillars, and the curtains.  The skilled and blessed craftsmen continued their work until all the vestments of the priests,and all of the furniture of the inner sanctum were completed.

israelite-mishkan(tabernacle)-complex-diagram

✡ (Pékūdei – Ϊ’Qă D’mr Y’h Näw) ✡

Exodus 38: 21 – 40:38

I Kings 7: 51- 8:21

Hebrews 1: 1-14

I Cor. 3: 16,17

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the accounting of the offerings given by the children of Israel’s contribution to the Mishkan(tabernacle), is taken by Moses and Aaron.  The continuous diligent works of the builders and wise hearted, not only contribute to the tent, and all its furniture, but the garments the priests they made also.

illustration-high-priest-garments

Even by census, did the children of Israel walk in the ways of the God of Israel.  The vestments of priesthood(Levites), along with all of the furnishings of theSanctuary and Outer Court were taken in by sum to complete the rising of the Tabernacle.

garments2

Moses, made a blessing upon all of the instruments that were set to be used by the children of Israel.  He also consecrated the priesthood which consisted of Aaron, and his descendants.  They were ordained to be the servicemen for the work of the Tabernacle.

tabernacle_by_shawn

Once the tabernacle was finished and all the furnishing were placed in the positions appointed; a cloud descended upon the tent, & did not part from it. By day; a cloud hovered over the tabernacle & by night; a pillar of fire dwelt above.

pekudei - parsha8

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

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RSS # 21 (በቈጠርሃችው ጊዜ / כִּי תִשָּׂא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Ki-Tis(sh)a – כִּי תִשָּׂא, on the 21st – כא, & on the 22nd – כבof the month of Adar – אֲדָר, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 26th – ፳፮, & on the 27th – ፳፯, of the month of Yekátït – የካቲት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as BeQʷäT’ärháchäw Gizey – በቈጠርሃችው ጊዜ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Exodus 30: 11 – 34:35

I Kings 18: 1-39

II Corinthians 3: 1-18

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the men of the children of Israel were to make Atonement for them, and their families.  So, in turn, the atonement that was made by the men of the families could’ve been compared to a sort of census; taking an account for the children of Israel. A half-shekel of silver, was what was known to be used to donate to the sanctuary of Israel.

Exod. 30: 11-16

Exod. 30: 11-16

The finest of spices and of oils, and these were to be taken for an anointing, of the Priesthood. Then the Tabernacle was to be anointed, the Ark of the Covenant, along with all that was in the sanctuary. The Sabbath was to be continually kept, for how the anointing, sanctified the Tabernacle; the Sabbath sanctified them to God.

More instruction for the construction of the fixings of the Tabernacle were run down to Moses in the portion of the Scriptures.

Tabernacle Israelites Built(illustration from 1897 Bible Pictures and What They Teach Us by Charles Foster)

The bronze water basin was where the priests (Aaron and his descendants) were to wash before carrying out the duties that were to be done in service of the Tabernacle. Many can draw very close conclusions to how Christ wash the feet of the 12 (twelve) disciples on Passover before he was betrayed to this way of service.{Putting Christ, in the seat of a High Priest;  [Order of Melchisedeq]*}. The Anointing Oil was for the priests to be anointed before conducting the service of the ministry and for all the objects of the sanctuary.

ki tissa - parsha (priests water basin)

Moses, then spoke with two chosen to build for Israel, the sanctuary of the TabernacleBetz’alel, of Judah(son of Uri), and Aholiab, of Dan(son of Achiycamakh); would build: the Tabernacle, the Ark, and all the furniture for the sancutuary, along with these: the garments of the priests, also.


Moses then, ascends the Mount, that is Sinai, & it would seem to the children of Israel, that he would never return, for he stayed for forty days. But, once he descended, he found that Aaron & the Levites had molted gold together to make a calf that the children of Israel worshiped.

ki tissa - parsha (moses ascends the mount)

But, before Moses could return there were certain ones in and among the children of Israel, convincing Aaron to make a calf of gold which they began to worship, for Moses stayed atop the mountain to the point that some presumed his death.

ki tissa - parsha (the calf of gold)

Moses, then receiving instruction from YHWH, to return to the people for they corrupted themselves with an idol.  Moses, at the moment’s notice tried to intercede upon seeing what the people had done, but waxed hot in anger, & destroyed the tablets of stone with the instructions on the calf of gold.

ki tissa - parshA ( Moses destroys the tablets and the golden calf)

✡ Abiy Ts’om ✤ Purim ✤ Adwa ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

So, today in Jerusalem and wherever there are adherents to Hebrew/Jewish traditions and such are celebrated the Fast of Esther, which will culminate with the celebration of Purim – פּוּרִים .

HEBREW CALENDAR2

Purim, is the celebration of the deliverance of the Jews that were under the rule of the Persian Empire.

[SIDE-NOTE] FLASH FORWARD, in Scripture the Persian Empire (or otherwise known to be the Medes, were apart the four kingdoms prophecy, which Nebuchadnezzer’s dream, was interpreted by Daniel, for him by way of God’s revealing).

With this year’s calculations coming at such an interesting hedge, I apologize for not having the explanation, in full, of the Ethiopic Christian commemoration of the Great Fast or Abïy Ts’om in more detail, as I, my self have been incognito this past couple of weeks restoring my own spiritual & mental health.  This time of year leads up a sort of renewal of the faith among observers.

(But, if you’re so inclined be sure to search out our earlier posts regarding Abiy T’som, for more details…)

With ever seven days, there are specific readings from the scriptures, that coincide respectively with the time & reason for the season.

According to this years’ calculations; Feb 20 – April 15, 2017, is the Ethiopian Orthodox Great Holy Lenten Fast will be in line with 55 days culminating on “Easter” April 16, 2017, observed by followers of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

Now, with Esther and the story from Persia ( Iran ), The Fast of EstherTa’anit Ester:תַּעֲנִית אֶסְתֵּר  ,” is a Jewish/Hebrew fast from dawn until dusk on Purim eve, commemorating the three-day fast observed by the Jewish people in the story of Purim. If the date of the Fast of Esther falls on Shabbat, the fast is instead observed on the preceding Thursday. Like other minor fasts, Ta’anit Esther begins at dawn (first light) and ends at nightfall (full dark).

The Persian Empire came after the Babylonian Captivity.

Nebuchadnezzar-statue2

The Jews/Hebrews in Persia were freed from the hand of Haman, who had gained favor in the sight of the king Ahasuerus (whom is also accounted for as being Xerxes I). No, Xerxes I, is not the Persian king of the movie “300” dealing with the Spartans. THAT WAS PURE HOLLYWOOD ENTERTAINMENT; THIS IS HISTORICAL FACT. Xerxes, was the king of Persia whom gave favor to Haman, the Agagite. But loved deeply, Esther, whom was the daughter of Mordecai, the Jew.

achaedyn

Mordecai, instructed Esther to conceal her heritage from the king and all of his court, for she had been taken along with many other young women to be suited for the king of Persia, because he put away Vashti, from being queen. But upon the conflict of Mordecai vs. Haman; Haman sought to destroy ALL the Jews/Hebrews in Persia. Silver was the payment of Haman to the king to destroy the Jews, young old, men, women and children.

[Esther 2: 7- 3:15]

MAP_PERSIA

Vashti, refused the king’s request to appear before the king & his guests, which were nobles and princes throughout Persia and Media.

[Esther 1(entire Chpt)]

But, unknowingly Hadassah (Eshter), was of the people of Jews (Hebrews) by way of her adoption by Mordecai, who reverenced not Haman, as the king had wanted for those of the kingdom in Persia and Media.

In the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar, on its thirteenth day … on the day that the enemies of the Jews were expected to prevail over them, it was turned about: the Jews prevailed over their adversaries.

[Esther 9:1]

THE STORY OF HADASSAH(ESTHER) THE QUEEN

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xpGaDOfwty4

I would also like to give much, much thanks to the Lion of Judah Society, Inc., organization for their interpretation of Scriptures, historical events, & Ras Tafari dissemination of Ethiopian heritage in Africa, as well as, the diaspora. Here, I would like for you all to check out & consider the facts put forth here. Research, study & come to your own conclusions about the story of Hadassah (Esther) the Queen.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BNal4U1fgTI

So, all -in-all to the Daughters of Zion, which I named this post,…I’am sure many of you are questioning that move. Well, its very simple! Women in society are many times are thought to be pushed to the backside of many important events, and happenings in this world we see today, but, clearly even in antiquity, women hold power and influence that they, themselves, sometimes are unable to recognize. Even, the power to save millions to the billions from despair.

But, for the Daughters of Zion, as well as, the Sons, the Scriptures clearly state that we are to remember Purim for all generations, and to keep them in writing.

[Esther 9:27-28]

Not to mention being the givers of life, nourishment, sustainability…and out right, “being the first teachers of human civilization(or every child) that comes to this world” _quoted from El Hajj Malik El Shabazz(Malcolm X) by way of the Most Honorable Elijah Muhammad. Sisters, mothers, daughters and women of our families the message you give to the child(children) they will give to the world. So please consider your illustrious position in the cosmology of this existence. & while we as Ras Tafari, Ethiopians, Hebrews, & Israelites, celebrate the essence of woman in the example of Queen Esther; I certainly hope, that the men will acknowledge the counterpart that was created to be the companion of ours.

for more information on Purim; check out these pages:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purim

http://www.sichosinenglish.org/cgi-bin/calendar?holiday=auto

Chag Purim Sameach’= Greeting for Purim

חג פורים שמח

Shalom/Selam

Ras Tafari Renaissance also writes to give perspective to the Ethiopian commemoration of the Battle of Adwa, which just so happens to coincide on today’s date also.  A history changing event that shocked the world to its core.  At the time of the Battle of Adwa, the African continent was nearly colonized at every angle. due to to the “Scramble for Africa“.  The only two countries that hadn’t been colonized by European countries were Ethiopia & Liberia.  But even with all of this in the forefront, Ethiopia had defended itself well against Italian forces; saving the whole of Africa from total colonization.

battle-of-adwa-1896

The valiance of the Ethiopian people, in defense of their country, became a phenomenal example of unity, belief, heritage, & pride.  The Ethiopian people; men, women, & children, in some cases, banded together the banner of the Ethiopian flag: red, gold, & green to put aside their differences in ethnic origin, tribe, religion etc., to secure a future that would include all of them, on their own land.

Image of Empress Taitu Betul

The Treaty of Addis Ababa, formally brought an end to the First Italo-Ethiopian War, (in which the Battle of Adwa, was the pinnacle) whereas Italy officially recognized Ethiopia as a independant and sovereign state.  This treaty has been said to be a secret agreement, for more than scholars’ obvious reasons as Italy would eventually attempt to colonize Ethiopia again, in the coming Second Italo-Ethiopian War.

[Treaty of Addis; Oct. 23. 1896]

For this celebration of the victory at the Battle of Adwa, I would also like to direct all of you to check out this video log from the Ghion Journal on this particular topic. Please, again support & contribute to spreading the news and views of our affiliates?!

http://ghionjournal.com/lessons-adwa-unity-defeated-tyranny/

other links:

for more information on Purim & Jews(Hebrews) of Iran-Persia; check out these pages:

(also, check these links out for more info on the historical Battle of Adwa)

RSS #20 (እዘዛቸው / תְּצַוֶּה)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Tetẓ’av(w)eh – תְּצַוֶּה, on the 14th – יד, & on the 15th – טוof the month of Adar – אֲדָר, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 19th – ፲፱, & on the 20th – ፳, of the month of  Yekátït – የካቲት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Izzäzâchäw – እዘዛቸው.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – [ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Exodus 27:20- 30:10

Ezekiel 43:10-27

Hebrews 13:10-17

Now, in summation of the study we have in front of us; Moses is told by God that the children of Israel are to complete the construction of a sanctuary in the wilderness.  Other instruments and furniture, for the Tabernacle, that would be needed included: olive oil for the lampstand in what would be known as the Holy Place.

[Ex. 27: 20]

[Ex. 25: 31]And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.

Also, in this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the subject deals mostly with the “everlasting flame” of the candlestick.

[Ex. 25:31-40]

[Hebrews 12: 29]"...For our GOD is a consuming fire..."

Olive Oil(oil of anointing [Ex.25:6]) was to be used for light, including the other furniture

The priesthood is also established in the heritage of the Levites(Hebrew Israelite Tribe of Levi), along with the priestly garments that were to be constructed & worn only when service in the Tabernacle was to be performed.

brestplate of hakohen(High Priest)

Moses, by the instruction of God, ordains Aaron, his brother, to become the High Priest, along with his sons and the rest of his descendants. Here, Aaron’s wife, Elisheba, whom was the daughter of Amminadab ben Judah(son of Judah), sister to Nahshon ben Amminadab(son of Amminadab), of the tribe of Judah, became the Matriarch of the Cohanim(priests).

Egyptian Diety Khepri

Egyptian Diety Khepri

The sacred covering of the Ark of The Covenant, which the Cohanim were to give service to on behalf the children of Israel, is called Kapporeth – כפורת, so finding out why the picture placed above, is of what might be known as Khepri, I’ll leave it up to anyone who’s curious enough to take a look for themselves. I would elaborate more on how linguistics also play a part in the understanding of Scripture, but that’s pretty apparent. Though, it may seem, out of context that there could possibly be more connections of the Hebrew/Jewish thought and practice, to the Ancient Egyptian Mysteries or the traditional Judeo-Christian aspects of this, it meets more points of similarity than most people can see. For example, in Hebrew, the “Holy of Holies” is named as the Kodesh HaKodeshiyimקֹדֶשׁ הַקֳּדָשִׁים , and semantically similar in the ancient Ge’ez old Ethiopic language of the Ethiopian-Jews and Ethiopia entirely, the same is called the Q’edeste Q’ddusan – ቀደስተ ቅዱሳን.

….…the curtains of the outer court of the Tabernacle were to be made of brass(copper), for an enclosure…

terumah - parsha (outer court)

The priesthood of the Israelites was also established in the heritage of the Levites(Hebrew Israelite Tribe of Levi), along with the priestly garments that were to be constructed & worn when services in the Tabernacle were conducted.

tetzaweh - parsha6

Amharic Bible Dict. - የመጽሐፍ ቅዱስ መዝገበ ቃላት (book cover)

Ethiopian Bible Society’s Amharic Holy Bible Dictionary

NEW PRINTED EDITION!!! AVAILABLE (Outside of Ethiopia)! The official “AMHARIC DICTIONARY OF THE HOLY BIBLE.” Originally compiled as a study companion to the 1961-62′ Authorized Revised Amharic Bible, during the times H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I of Ethiopia, sometimes referred to as the “Emperor’s Bible.” This revised and reloaded edition printed from Valiancy Publishing continues the tradition of Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Christianity intense study & application of the Holy Bible.

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Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Terumah – תְּרוּמָה, on the 7th – ז, & on the 8th – חof the month of Adar – אֲדָר, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 12th – ፲፪, & on the 13th – ፲፫, of the month of Yekátït – የካቲት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as S’Tota Mäba – ስጦታ መባ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – [ግእዝ]).

**SHABBOT ROSH CH’ODESH:**

Numbers 28: 9-15

Isaiah 66: 1-24

rosh chodesh adar

Readings:

Exodus 25:1- 27:19
I Kings 5:26 [KJV begins @ verse 12] – 6:13
II Corinthians 9:1-15
Matthew 5:33-37

At this point, in the study of the Scriptures, the children of Israel are given the instructions from God through Moses to build a Tabernacle. (in the wilderness)

Tabernacle sketch by Harley Pinon

The children of Israel, produced 13 gifts for offering to YHWH (only seven covered in this portion), for the construction of the Tabernacle.  Contributions of gold, silver, brass(copper), blue, red(scarlet), and purple linen, goat’s hair, ram’s skin dyed red, sealskin, acacia-wood, oil, incense(spices), & gems(onyx stones).

terumah - parsha (tabernacle furniture)

God spoke to Moses, the instruments to be utilized in the Tabernacle with their positions and purposes.  God had set a upon the completion of the Tabernacle, to dwell among the Hebrews.

the Ark. [Ex. 25: 10-22]

Moses, told the children of Israel of what was to be done and how it was to be arranged; and they obeyed and performed the actions set before them.

terumah - parsha (table of showbread-shulch'an)

The children of Israel, in reception to the construction of the Mishkan (Tabernacle), gave way to what would become the construction of the Temple of Jerusalem in King Solomon‘s time.  In many ways, the “portable Temple,”  or the Mishkan became a foreshadowing and also, symbolic measure of the wandering in the wilderness, the children of Israel had experienced.

While the coming construction of the Temple of Jerusalem in Solomon‘s time, by way of the desires of his father David; the Temple symbolically embodied the “resting place of the Temple/Mishkan.”

Menorah/Lampstand (candlestick) [Ex. 25: 31-40]

The children of Israel, by tribe, were to be arranged around the Tabernacle in the wilderness, as well.

Altar of Sacrifice. [Ex. 27: 1-8]

From the dimensions, to the portability, (because of the trek through the wilderness), the Israelites were to follow and construct the dwelling place of YHWH, for the Tabernacle.

Outer court [Ex. 27: 9-19]

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

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