Tag Archives: the Hebrews

RSS # 21 (በቈጠርሃችው ጊዜ / כִּי תִשָּׂא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Ki-Tis(sh)a – כִּי תִשָּׂא, on the 21st – כא, & on the 22nd – כבof the month of Adar – אֲדָר, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 26th – ፳፮, & on the 27th – ፳፯, of the month of Yekátït – የካቲት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as BeQʷäT’ärháchäw Gizey – በቈጠርሃችው ጊዜ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Exodus 30: 11 – 34:35

I Kings 18: 1-39

II Corinthians 3: 1-18

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the men of the children of Israel were to make Atonement for them, and their families.  So, in turn, the atonement that was made by the men of the families could’ve been compared to a sort of census; taking an account for the children of Israel. A half-shekel of silver, was what was known to be used to donate to the sanctuary of Israel.

Exod. 30: 11-16

Exod. 30: 11-16

The finest of spices and of oils, and these were to be taken for an anointing, of the Priesthood. Then the Tabernacle was to be anointed, the Ark of the Covenant, along with all that was in the sanctuary. The Sabbath was to be continually kept, for how the anointing, sanctified the Tabernacle; the Sabbath sanctified them to God.

More instruction for the construction of the fixings of the Tabernacle were run down to Moses in the portion of the Scriptures.

Tabernacle Israelites Built(illustration from 1897 Bible Pictures and What They Teach Us by Charles Foster)

The bronze water basin was where the priests (Aaron and his descendants) were to wash before carrying out the duties that were to be done in service of the Tabernacle. Many can draw very close conclusions to how Christ wash the feet of the 12 (twelve) disciples on Passover before he was betrayed to this way of service.{Putting Christ, in the seat of a High Priest;  [Order of Melchisedeq]*}. The Anointing Oil was for the priests to be anointed before conducting the service of the ministry and for all the objects of the sanctuary.

ki tissa - parsha (priests water basin)

Moses, then spoke with two chosen to build for Israel, the sanctuary of the TabernacleBetz’alel, of Judah(son of Uri), and Aholiab, of Dan(son of Achiycamakh); would build: the Tabernacle, the Ark, and all the furniture for the sancutuary, along with these: the garments of the priests, also.


Moses then, ascends the Mount, that is Sinai, & it would seem to the children of Israel, that he would never return, for he stayed for forty days. But, once he descended, he found that Aaron & the Levites had molted gold together to make a calf that the children of Israel worshiped.

ki tissa - parsha (moses ascends the mount)

But, before Moses could return there were certain ones in and among the children of Israel, convincing Aaron to make a calf of gold which they began to worship, for Moses stayed atop the mountain to the point that some presumed his death.

ki tissa - parsha (the calf of gold)

Moses, then receiving instruction from YHWH, to return to the people for they corrupted themselves with an idol.  Moses, at the moment’s notice tried to intercede upon seeing what the people had done, but waxed hot in anger, & destroyed the tablets of stone with the instructions on the calf of gold.

ki tissa - parshA ( Moses destroys the tablets and the golden calf)

✡ Abiy Ts’om ✤ Purim ✤ Adwa ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

So, today in Jerusalem and wherever there are adherents to Hebrew/Jewish traditions and such are celebrated the Fast of Esther, which will culminate with the celebration of Purim – פּוּרִים .

HEBREW CALENDAR2

Purim, is the celebration of the deliverance of the Jews that were under the rule of the Persian Empire.

[SIDE-NOTE] FLASH FORWARD, in Scripture the Persian Empire (or otherwise known to be the Medes, were apart the four kingdoms prophecy, which Nebuchadnezzer’s dream, was interpreted by Daniel, for him by way of God’s revealing).

With this year’s calculations coming at such an interesting hedge, I apologize for not having the explanation, in full, of the Ethiopic Christian commemoration of the Great Fast or Abïy Ts’om in more detail, as I, my self have been incognito this past couple of weeks restoring my own spiritual & mental health.  This time of year leads up a sort of renewal of the faith among observers.

(But, if you’re so inclined be sure to search out our earlier posts regarding Abiy T’som, for more details…)

With ever seven days, there are specific readings from the scriptures, that coincide respectively with the time & reason for the season.

According to this years’ calculations; Feb 20 – April 15, 2017, is the Ethiopian Orthodox Great Holy Lenten Fast will be in line with 55 days culminating on “Easter” April 16, 2017, observed by followers of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

Now, with Esther and the story from Persia ( Iran ), The Fast of EstherTa’anit Ester:תַּעֲנִית אֶסְתֵּר  ,” is a Jewish/Hebrew fast from dawn until dusk on Purim eve, commemorating the three-day fast observed by the Jewish people in the story of Purim. If the date of the Fast of Esther falls on Shabbat, the fast is instead observed on the preceding Thursday. Like other minor fasts, Ta’anit Esther begins at dawn (first light) and ends at nightfall (full dark).

The Persian Empire came after the Babylonian Captivity.

Nebuchadnezzar-statue2

The Jews/Hebrews in Persia were freed from the hand of Haman, who had gained favor in the sight of the king Ahasuerus (whom is also accounted for as being Xerxes I). No, Xerxes I, is not the Persian king of the movie “300” dealing with the Spartans. THAT WAS PURE HOLLYWOOD ENTERTAINMENT; THIS IS HISTORICAL FACT. Xerxes, was the king of Persia whom gave favor to Haman, the Agagite. But loved deeply, Esther, whom was the daughter of Mordecai, the Jew.

achaedyn

Mordecai, instructed Esther to conceal her heritage from the king and all of his court, for she had been taken along with many other young women to be suited for the king of Persia, because he put away Vashti, from being queen. But upon the conflict of Mordecai vs. Haman; Haman sought to destroy ALL the Jews/Hebrews in Persia. Silver was the payment of Haman to the king to destroy the Jews, young old, men, women and children.

[Esther 2: 7- 3:15]

MAP_PERSIA

Vashti, refused the king’s request to appear before the king & his guests, which were nobles and princes throughout Persia and Media.

[Esther 1(entire Chpt)]

But, unknowingly Hadassah (Eshter), was of the people of Jews (Hebrews) by way of her adoption by Mordecai, who reverenced not Haman, as the king had wanted for those of the kingdom in Persia and Media.

In the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar, on its thirteenth day … on the day that the enemies of the Jews were expected to prevail over them, it was turned about: the Jews prevailed over their adversaries.

[Esther 9:1]

THE STORY OF HADASSAH(ESTHER) THE QUEEN

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xpGaDOfwty4

I would also like to give much, much thanks to the Lion of Judah Society, Inc., organization for their interpretation of Scriptures, historical events, & Ras Tafari dissemination of Ethiopian heritage in Africa, as well as, the diaspora. Here, I would like for you all to check out & consider the facts put forth here. Research, study & come to your own conclusions about the story of Hadassah (Esther) the Queen.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BNal4U1fgTI

So, all -in-all to the Daughters of Zion, which I named this post,…I’am sure many of you are questioning that move. Well, its very simple! Women in society are many times are thought to be pushed to the backside of many important events, and happenings in this world we see today, but, clearly even in antiquity, women hold power and influence that they, themselves, sometimes are unable to recognize. Even, the power to save millions to the billions from despair.

But, for the Daughters of Zion, as well as, the Sons, the Scriptures clearly state that we are to remember Purim for all generations, and to keep them in writing.

[Esther 9:27-28]

Not to mention being the givers of life, nourishment, sustainability…and out right, “being the first teachers of human civilization(or every child) that comes to this world” _quoted from El Hajj Malik El Shabazz(Malcolm X) by way of the Most Honorable Elijah Muhammad. Sisters, mothers, daughters and women of our families the message you give to the child(children) they will give to the world. So please consider your illustrious position in the cosmology of this existence. & while we as Ras Tafari, Ethiopians, Hebrews, & Israelites, celebrate the essence of woman in the example of Queen Esther; I certainly hope, that the men will acknowledge the counterpart that was created to be the companion of ours.

for more information on Purim; check out these pages:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purim

http://www.sichosinenglish.org/cgi-bin/calendar?holiday=auto

Chag Purim Sameach’= Greeting for Purim

חג פורים שמח

Shalom/Selam

Ras Tafari Renaissance also writes to give perspective to the Ethiopian commemoration of the Battle of Adwa, which just so happens to coincide on today’s date also.  A history changing event that shocked the world to its core.  At the time of the Battle of Adwa, the African continent was nearly colonized at every angle. due to to the “Scramble for Africa“.  The only two countries that hadn’t been colonized by European countries were Ethiopia & Liberia.  But even with all of this in the forefront, Ethiopia had defended itself well against Italian forces; saving the whole of Africa from total colonization.

battle-of-adwa-1896

The valiance of the Ethiopian people, in defense of their country, became a phenomenal example of unity, belief, heritage, & pride.  The Ethiopian people; men, women, & children, in some cases, banded together the banner of the Ethiopian flag: red, gold, & green to put aside their differences in ethnic origin, tribe, religion etc., to secure a future that would include all of them, on their own land.

Image of Empress Taitu Betul

The Treaty of Addis Ababa, formally brought an end to the First Italo-Ethiopian War, (in which the Battle of Adwa, was the pinnacle) whereas Italy officially recognized Ethiopia as a independant and sovereign state.  This treaty has been said to be a secret agreement, for more than scholars’ obvious reasons as Italy would eventually attempt to colonize Ethiopia again, in the coming Second Italo-Ethiopian War.

[Treaty of Addis; Oct. 23. 1896]

For this celebration of the victory at the Battle of Adwa, I would also like to direct all of you to check out this video log from the Ghion Journal on this particular topic. Please, again support & contribute to spreading the news and views of our affiliates?!

http://ghionjournal.com/lessons-adwa-unity-defeated-tyranny/

other links:

for more information on Purim & Jews(Hebrews) of Iran-Persia; check out these pages:

(also, check these links out for more info on the historical Battle of Adwa)

RSS #20 (እዘዛቸው / תְּצַוֶּה)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Tetẓ’av(w)eh – תְּצַוֶּה, on the 14th – יד, & on the 15th – טוof the month of Adar – אֲדָר, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 19th – ፲፱, & on the 20th – ፳, of the month of  Yekátït – የካቲት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Izzäzâchäw – እዘዛቸው.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – [ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Exodus 27:20- 30:10

Ezekiel 43:10-27

Hebrews 13:10-17

Now, in summation of the study we have in front of us; Moses is told by God that the children of Israel are to complete the construction of a sanctuary in the wilderness.  Other instruments and furniture, for the Tabernacle, that would be needed included: olive oil for the lampstand in what would be known as the Holy Place.

[Ex. 27: 20]

[Ex. 25: 31]And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.

Also, in this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the subject deals mostly with the “everlasting flame” of the candlestick.

[Ex. 25:31-40]

[Hebrews 12: 29]"...For our GOD is a consuming fire..."

Olive Oil(oil of anointing [Ex.25:6]) was to be used for light, including the other furniture

The priesthood is also established in the heritage of the Levites(Hebrew Israelite Tribe of Levi), along with the priestly garments that were to be constructed & worn only when service in the Tabernacle was to be performed.

brestplate of hakohen(High Priest)

Moses, by the instruction of God, ordains Aaron, his brother, to become the High Priest, along with his sons and the rest of his descendants. Here, Aaron’s wife, Elisheba, whom was the daughter of Amminadab ben Judah(son of Judah), sister to Nahshon ben Amminadab(son of Amminadab), of the tribe of Judah, became the Matriarch of the Cohanim(priests).

Egyptian Diety Khepri

Egyptian Diety Khepri

The sacred covering of the Ark of The Covenant, which the Cohanim were to give service to on behalf the children of Israel, is called Kapporeth – כפורת, so finding out why the picture placed above, is of what might be known as Khepri, I’ll leave it up to anyone who’s curious enough to take a look for themselves. I would elaborate more on how linguistics also play a part in the understanding of Scripture, but that’s pretty apparent. Though, it may seem, out of context that there could possibly be more connections of the Hebrew/Jewish thought and practice, to the Ancient Egyptian Mysteries or the traditional Judeo-Christian aspects of this, it meets more points of similarity than most people can see. For example, in Hebrew, the “Holy of Holies” is named as the Kodesh HaKodeshiyimקֹדֶשׁ הַקֳּדָשִׁים , and semantically similar in the ancient Ge’ez old Ethiopic language of the Ethiopian-Jews and Ethiopia entirely, the same is called the Q’edeste Q’ddusan – ቀደስተ ቅዱሳን.

….…the curtains of the outer court of the Tabernacle were to be made of brass(copper), for an enclosure…

terumah - parsha (outer court)

The priesthood of the Israelites was also established in the heritage of the Levites(Hebrew Israelite Tribe of Levi), along with the priestly garments that were to be constructed & worn when services in the Tabernacle were conducted.

tetzaweh - parsha6

Amharic Bible Dict. - የመጽሐፍ ቅዱስ መዝገበ ቃላት (book cover)

Ethiopian Bible Society’s Amharic Holy Bible Dictionary

NEW PRINTED EDITION!!! AVAILABLE (Outside of Ethiopia)! The official “AMHARIC DICTIONARY OF THE HOLY BIBLE.” Originally compiled as a study companion to the 1961-62′ Authorized Revised Amharic Bible, during the times H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I of Ethiopia, sometimes referred to as the “Emperor’s Bible.” This revised and reloaded edition printed from Valiancy Publishing continues the tradition of Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Christianity intense study & application of the Holy Bible.

$16.99

RSS# 19 (ስጦታ መባ / תְּרוּמָה)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Terumah – תְּרוּמָה, on the 7th – ז, & on the 8th – חof the month of Adar – אֲדָר, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 12th – ፲፪, & on the 13th – ፲፫, of the month of Yekátït – የካቲት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as S’Tota Mäba – ስጦታ መባ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – [ግእዝ]).

**SHABBOT ROSH CH’ODESH:**

Numbers 28: 9-15

Isaiah 66: 1-24

rosh chodesh adar

Readings:

Exodus 25:1- 27:19
I Kings 5:26 [KJV begins @ verse 12] – 6:13
II Corinthians 9:1-15
Matthew 5:33-37

At this point, in the study of the Scriptures, the children of Israel are given the instructions from God through Moses to build a Tabernacle. (in the wilderness)

Tabernacle sketch by Harley Pinon

The children of Israel, produced 13 gifts for offering to YHWH (only seven covered in this portion), for the construction of the Tabernacle.  Contributions of gold, silver, brass(copper), blue, red(scarlet), and purple linen, goat’s hair, ram’s skin dyed red, sealskin, acacia-wood, oil, incense(spices), & gems(onyx stones).

terumah - parsha (tabernacle furniture)

God spoke to Moses, the instruments to be utilized in the Tabernacle with their positions and purposes.  God had set a upon the completion of the Tabernacle, to dwell among the Hebrews.

the Ark. [Ex. 25: 10-22]

Moses, told the children of Israel of what was to be done and how it was to be arranged; and they obeyed and performed the actions set before them.

terumah - parsha (table of showbread-shulch'an)

The children of Israel, in reception to the construction of the Mishkan (Tabernacle), gave way to what would become the construction of the Temple of Jerusalem in King Solomon‘s time.  In many ways, the “portable Temple,”  or the Mishkan became a foreshadowing and also, symbolic measure of the wandering in the wilderness, the children of Israel had experienced.

While the coming construction of the Temple of Jerusalem in Solomon‘s time, by way of the desires of his father David; the Temple symbolically embodied the “resting place of the Temple/Mishkan.”

Menorah/Lampstand (candlestick) [Ex. 25: 31-40]

The children of Israel, by tribe, were to be arranged around the Tabernacle in the wilderness, as well.

Altar of Sacrifice. [Ex. 27: 1-8]

From the dimensions, to the portability, (because of the trek through the wilderness), the Israelites were to follow and construct the dwelling place of YHWH, for the Tabernacle.

Outer court [Ex. 27: 9-19]

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS# 17 (ዮቶር / יִתְרוֹ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Yitro – יִתְרוֹ, on the 23rd – כג, & on the 24th – כדof the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָטin the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; on the 28th – ፳፰, & on the 29th – ፳፱, of the month of T’rጥር.  These readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as;  Yotor – ዮቶር.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 18:1- 20:23

Isaiah 6:1- 7:6

Isaiah 9:5-6

Matthew 5:8-20

Now, for in summation of the study we have in front of us; In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, Jethro (Yitro in Hebrew; Yotor in Amharic), Moses’ father-in-law, hears the all that has happened in Egypt. The miracles of Israel’s departure from Egypt, GOD’s guidance through the wilderness, & his help in the defeat of the enemies of the children of Israel.

Moses-And-Tzipporah-the-prince-of-the-egypt

Now, the children of Israel have sojourned to the dwelling of Moses’ wife(Ts’pporah) and father-in-law’s, land in Midian & pitched camp. Jethro, then advises Moses on structuring the command of the children of Israel into a sort of order of civil officers, after bringing his wife and two sons(Gershom; who’s name has the meaning of “I have been an foreigner in a strange land,” & Eliazar; who’s name has the meaning of, “the GOD of my father, is mine help & delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh”) from Midian to the wilderness.

israel exodus out of egypt map

Jethro, then entreats the GOD of Israel, sighting him as greater then all gods. Then Jethro took a burnt offering and sacrificed to the GOD of Israel, & broke bread with Moses, Aaron, & all the elders of Israel.

Moses, takes heed to his father-in-law’s words, & assembles all the tribes of Israel and appoints heads over them.  These heads(of the tribes) would discern small matters and only bring matters that were of great concern to Moses, to not wear heavy on him, burdens of an entire nation.

Moshe & the 70 elders of Israel

In the third month, of the coming out of Egypt, Israel came to the wilderness of Sinai, from Rephidim. Moses went up the Mount, in the wilderness & GOD spoke to him, calling for Israel to become a nation of priests & a holy nation

– [Ex. 19:5]

Jewish/Hebrew calendarformulated at Hebrew4Christians.com

Whenever GOD came to speak to Moses, to lay out instructions for Israel to follow, GOD came in a cloud of fire upon the Mount in Sinai. Moses then, took instructions of GOD to sanctify the children of Israel & to command them not to come near the mountain, for if they did, they would surely be put to death. Man or beast, should not come near the mountain in the wilderness.

[Ex. 19:1-13]

yitro - parsha [wilderness]

The GOD of Israel also gives to Moses and the Israelites, what is known as the Ten Commandments. No one else goes up, upon the mountain to meet GOD but Moses. Aaron, his sons & the elders of Israel come with Moses but they leave Moses to go further up to receive the instructions at the height of the mountain.

moses_ethiopian

It came to pass on the third day when it was morning, that there were thunder claps and lightning flashes, and a thick cloud was upon the mountain, and a very powerful blast of a shofar, and the entire nation that was in the camp shuddered.

–Exodus 19:16

 

Nash Papyrus2nd cent. Hebrew Decalogue

(613 Mitzvot-Commandmaents)

http://www.jewfaq.org/613.htm

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS# 16 (በለቀቀ ጊዜ/ בְּשַׁלַּח)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of BeShalacḥ’ – בְּשַׁלַּח, on the 16th – טז, & on the 17th – יזof the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָטin the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513 these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as; BeLäQäQä Gïzæy – በለቀቀ ጊዜ, on the 21st – ፳፩, & on the 22nd – ፳፪, of the month of Tir – ጥር.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Exodus 13:17- 17:16

Judges 4:4- 5:31

John 6:15-71

I Corinthians 10: 1-5

 

Now, for in summation of the study we have in front of us; In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the children of Israel are finally release from the hard bondage of Egypt(with the Pharoah or “governing house“) that knew not of JosephMoses and his brother Aaron have spoken the words of the God of Israel to the king of Egypt and the plagues have shown the wonders that have come to pass by the mighty hand of God.

beshalach - parsha [moses-joseph's bones]

The Children of Israel have taken all of their possessions along with spoils of Egypt, which they could gather by blessing to carry along on their journey.  Upon the Israelites’ (Hebrew children’s) journey, Moses fulfills Joseph‘s wishes of taking his bones out of Egypt & on the journey of the Hebrews back to their Promised Land, to be buried with his ancestors.

[Ex. 13:19]

Yosef's bones [Exo. 13: 19]

Yosef’s bones [Exo. 13: 19]

Moses, and his brother Aaron had spoken the words of the God of Israel to the king of Egypt and the plagues have shown the wonders that have come to pass by the mighty hand of God.  The children of Israel had taken all of their possessions along with spoils of Egypt, which they could gather by blessing to carry along on their journey, & set out for the land of Canaan.

God's Pillar Leading the Israelites Exodus 13:21-22

Moses, took up the task set forth by Joseph, to the children of Israel, to bring his bones out of Egypt on the journey to Canaan.  They set out from Succoth to encamp at Etham, with God leading by a cloud in the day, and a pillar of fire by night.

[Exo. 13: 17-22]

beshalach - parsha [the-prince-of-egypt(the Pillar of Fire)]

In discontent, and the words of some of the attendants in the Egyptian court, Pharaoh’s heart was hardened [by God], so Pharaoh summoned for 600 of his first choice of chariots, along with all the chariots of Egypt, with the captains of them & was in “hot-pursuit” of returning the children of Israel back to Egypt (& back to servitude).  Fearful of the pursuit of the chariots of Egypt, the children of Israel, cried out to God, & turn to Moses, in disbelief of the happenings in front of them. Moses, then commands them to fear not, for the God of Israel will do battle for them.  They are to continue to walk by faith &, to remember the ideal to do good works.

[Exo. 14: 1-28]

Moses, was then commanded by God to stretch forth his rod, & God split the Sea of Reeds(Red Sea), and the children of Israel traveled through on dry land. Whereas, the hardening of Pharaoh’s heart drove him to pursue the Israelites/Hebrews into the sea; they were swallowed up by it.  The children of Israel had the words of Moses fulfilled right before their eyes; God would do battle for them, if they stayed in the way of his light, keep his laws, statutes, and commandments; the Egyptians which they saw, they would never see again, & they would know the YHWH EloHIM is GOD.

[Exo. 14: 29-31]

beshalach - parsha [pharaoh overthrown at red sea]

Then, Moses sung a song of thanks and praise,…& the children of Israel sang with Moses, for in that day YHWH, made himself manifest to them as their salvation and this song became the “Song of the Sea.” (Because the people were allowed to pass over.)

[Exo. 15: 1-19]

moses3

beshalach - parsha [Song_of_the_sea]

Then, Miriam the prophetess, took a timbrel in her hand, & all the women came after her and danced with timbrels for the children of Israel triumphed by the hand of God.

[Exo. 15: 20-26]

Miriam & the women of Israel

Miriam & the women of Israel

HOW QUICKLY DO, ONES-N-ONES, FORGET THOUGH…?

In the wilderness of Shur, the children of Israel began to lose faith, & murmured against Moses.

{Ex. 15: 22-27}

Then God, spoke to the children of Israel, for they came to the wilderness of Shur, after they began to lose faith, & murmuring against Moses, because of their thirst.  They murmured again, against Moses & Aaron, because of their hunger, next…Moses explained that God had heard their murmuring & will provide for them, in exchange that they keep all his commandments & statutes.

[Exo. 15: 26- 16:3]

Gathering of the Manna _ James J. Tissot

Gathering of the Manna _ James J. Tissot

God, blessed the children of Israel, with manna; “the bread of heaven.”  They were to gather until the Sabbath, for they were to keep the statue of Keeping the Sabbath Holy & they were to do no servile work therein.

[Exo. 16: 4-36]

exodus-testing grounds

The Hebrews, led by Moses, went on to the wilderness of Sin, where they murmured against Moses again.  Moses was commanded by God, to take his rod in his hand, to the rock near Horeb, for he would bring water out of it to drink.   Moses, called the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the Israelites.

[Exo. 17: 1-8]

amalek

Then, came out the Amalekites, to make war with the children of Israel.  Moses, told Joshua, to gather those out of the Hebrews who could go to war with them.  Joshua went and chose, between them, & Moses, Aaron, and Hur, went up to a hilltop.

beshalach - parsha [Aaron-and-Hur-supporting-Moses-arms-as-Joshua-leads-Israel-in-battle-against-Amalek-Victory-of-Joshua-over-the-Amalekites-1626-by-Nicolas-Poussin]

They began to see that as Moses , raised his hands the Israelites prevailed & once his hands dropped they fell by the sword.  The Israelites prevailed for Hur(Chur), and Moses’ brother Aaron, held his hands high.  Moses, afterwards erected a altar, and called it Jehovah-Nissi’ (ይህዌህ ንሲ – יְהוָה נִסִּי)

[Ex. 17: 15]

God then, said that the war between Israel & Amalek would last from generation-to-generation.

[Exo. 17: 9-17]

Israel & Amalek [Ex. 17: 16]

Israel & Amalek [Ex. 17: 16]

Amharic Bible Dict. - የመጽሐፍ ቅዱስ መዝገበ ቃላት (book cover)

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RSS# 15 (ግባ / בֹּא )

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Bo – בֹּא, on the 9th – ט, & the 10th – י, of the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָט, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513 these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as; G’bӑ – ግባ , on the 14th – ፲፬, & on the 15th – ፲፭, of the month of T’r – ጥር.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 10: 1- 13:16

Jeremiah 46: 13-28

Luke 22: 7-30

I Corinthians 11: 20-34

This portion our study of the Scriptures, deals with the three (3) remaining plagues of Egypt.  

The children of Israel are instructed by God to compose their calendar (or simply a “time keep-sake”) by the phases of the moon, which leads to the creation of the lunar Hebrew calendar.  During the plagues, a memorial for the Hebrews to keep yearly, is instituted.  This memorial would become a statute of those who perform the practical applications of the Hebrew faith; for example, the keeping of the Sabbath, but the time-keeping (months-years) in an annual sense.

FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD

http://www.shmayisrael.com/Downloads/Passover.pdf

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Blessings/Holiday_Blessings/Pesach_Blessings/pesach_blessings.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Pesach/Seder/seder.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

Ethiopic Passover is known as: Fasika(ፋሲካ)

http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/english/weekly/easter.pdf

http://www.eotc-berlin.org/files/lent-easter.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

Plagues:

8th) Locusts – Exod. 10:1-20;

9th) Darkness – Exod. 10:21-29; 

10th) Death of Firstborn – Exod. 11:1-10, 12:29-32

God tells Moses and Aaron, and to go to Pharaoh, knowing that his heart was hardened but the signs and wonders of God, were to come upon Egypt.  The children of Israel were to tell the their children and the many generations to come, of the signs, of YHWH.

bo - parsha (locust 8th plague)

Locusts, the eighth plague, which covered the land of Egypt, and devoured crops, fields and such put put more strain on the land.

[Exo. 10: 1-8]

bo - parsha (plagues of egypt)

Moses and his brother Aaron, were brought to Pharaoh, in supplication that they inquire of YHWH, that the locusts be taken up from the land of Egypt, in exchange for the children of Israel to make a feast to him, in service.  It was so made, in that a west wind took the locusts, just as an east wind brought them in.

[Exo. 10: 9-19]

The Plague of Locusts _ by James J. Tissot

The Plague of Locusts _ by James J. Tissot

Pharaoh’s heart, being hardened once more, he continued his refusal of letting go the children of Israel.  God told Moses, to stretch his hands toward the heavens so that it would be darkness to fall upon the land of Egypt.(three days)  When the darkness covered Egypt, Pharaoh pleaded with Moses to make sacrifice to YHWH, bring light upon Egypt.

[Exo. 10: 20-29]

Ninth Plague of Egypt - Darkness _ painting by Gustave Dore

Ninth Plague of Egypt – Darkness _ painting by Gustave Dore

God then, told Moses that there would still be yet, one more plague that would be placed upon Egypt.  For afterwards this plague the children of Israel, would come out of Egypt.  Moses was to tell the people, to prepare to exit Egypt, shortly, and to borrow of their neighbors jewels of silver and gold; even so to the point that they received favor in the sight of the Egyptians because of the sign and wonders, that they were able to take of them as well.  But yet, every firstborn of Egypt would be taken away, even that of the Pharaoh’s house.  This would be the 10th and final plague.

[Exo. 11: 1- 12:1]

bo - parsha (Aleph-Alef-Tav-Taw) [ET] (doorpost blood)

Tav/Tawfinal Hebrew Letter – ת

“And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it”.

Passover Seder

(Exodus 12:7)

In this, the institution of the Passover was established for the Hebrews.  The children of Israel were to calculate the beginning of their months from the coming out of Egypt.

hebrew calendar - spring (Yamim Noraim) Holy Days

[Exo. 12: 2-29]

bo - parsha (The Passover Instituted by CF Vos)

Pharaoh then, rose up in the morning, and called for Moses and Aaron, pleaded that they immediately leave Egypt, for in the land of Egypt there was not one house that had not one dead.

[Exo. 12: 30-36]

bo - parsha (plague death of the 1stborn)

& the children of made haste, for there was a mixed multitude that accompanied them as the prepared to make their journey from Egypt.  They left with many of the treasures of Egypt, for they sought to rid themselves of the plagues which Israel brought into the land following the blessings that it poured upon them.

[Exo. 12: 38- 13:16]

bo -parsha (Tissot_The_Exodus)

Exodus

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Booklet

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RSS#13 (ስሞች/ שְׁמוֹת)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Shemot – שְׁמוֹת, on the 20th – כ, & the 21st – כא, of the month of Teb(v)et – טֵבֵתin the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513 these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as; S’moch – ስሞች; on the 8th – ፰, & on the 9th – ፱, of the month of Taḥ’sas- ታኅሣሥ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 1:1- 6:1

Isaiah 27:6 – 28:13

Isaiah 29: 22-23

Acts 7: 17-35

I Corinthians 14: 18-25

As we move out of the first book of the Torah/Orit, we go into the second book, which is Exodus.

shemot - parsha [Book of Exodus]2

Now, the children of Israel had come into Egypt under Joseph, & buried Jacob(Israel) in the land of Canaan.  Wherefore, the children of Israel grew exceedingly in Egypt.  But, as time past there came a Pharaoh, who did not know Joseph, & sought to dealt wisely with the Hebrews, for there was worry of the great numbers the children of Israel grew to.  But, taking matters further, the Pharaoh that did not know Joseph, found it beneficial to serve the Hebrews with work of rigor.

[Exo. 1: 1-11]

Exo. 1: 11 [...Pithom & Raamses...]

Even, taking matters to another step, there was a decree made by Pharaoh, to have any male child of the children of Israel slain.  This charge was given to two Hebrew midwivesShiphrah & Puah.

[Exo. 1: 12-22]

sistershealingthumbnail_partII

These two Hebrew women, did not follow the orders the Pharaoh, for they feared the judgement of God, more than he.  So, Israel continued to grow in number.  Pharaoh determined, charged his people to take matters more seriously.  In the midst of this, out of the house of Levi, was born a male-child, at three months was sent up a river, in attempt to save his life, by his mother.

shemot - parsha [basket Moses was saved by] chabad.org

This child was found at the hand of the daughter of the Pharaoh, whom knew of the decree for the Hebrew male children, & noticed the this child was one of the them, wrapped the clothing of their arrangements, and a small ark of bulrushes.  The daughter of the Pharaoh, took him and had him nursed by the Hebrew woman, who sent him up the river.

[Exo. 2: 1-10]

moshe(muse)_draw from the river

The child grew in favor of the Egyptians, but things began to change in his life, as he learned more about himself.  The child had been named Moses by the daughter of the Pharaoh, for she drew him from the waters.  He went out one day, among the Hebrews & saw an Egyptian smiting a Hebrew, enraged by the burdens which the children of Israel had to endure, he in sudden moment slew the Egyptian & hid him in the sand.  Days past, & then Moses saw two Hebrew at each others throats, in argument, Moses intervened & tried to find common ground between the two.

shemot - parsha [maps-bible-archeology-exodus-arabia-midianites-ishmaelites]

But, one who clearly had been found at fault the argument, confronted Moses, and rejected him for he knew of Moses interaction between the Hebrew & the Egyptian he had slain, in secret.  Moses, for fear, fled to Midian, where he would later meet Reu’el(Jethro); a man who raised seven daughters.  The seven daughters, were whom Moses would meet first, for they came to a well to draw water for the flocks they attended for their father.  The seven daughters of Reu’el(Jethro), were being harassed by some other shepherds & Moses again, intervened driving them away, along with helping them water their flocks.

[Exo. 2: 11-17]

= Ts’ipporah-ሲፓራ/צִּפּוֹרָה

Ts’ipporah – ሲፓራ / צִּפּוֹרָה

The daughters came to tell their father of what happened to the mat the well, & they described Moses as an Egyptian, for he still carried a few things which he left with, but Reu’el, knew that of the times, it would be odd for an Egyptian to help a Midianite.  Reu’el(Jethro), invited Moses to stay a while in Midian.  Before long Moses felt love one Reu’el’s  daughters & her name was Ts’ipporah – ሲፓራ / צִּפּוֹרָה.

moses-burning-bush

They were married and had a son, whom they named Gershom – ጌርሳም / גֵּרְשׁוֹם.

[Exo. 2: 18-22]

shemot-ahayah-asher-ahayah-iam-that-iam

The cry of the children of Israel became great, so great they even sought a deliverer, from prophecies.  Moses, now attended the flocks of Reu’el(Jethro), but the voice of God was about to call upon him.

[Exo. 2: 23- 3:19]

Moses, then took his family into Egypt, & reunited with his original family, in which his brother Aaron, became his priest.

yhwh

Moses, then is confronted with the disbelief of the children of Israel. & thus began the exchange, between Moses & Pharaoh; exchanges which would be for the release of the Hebrew people from Egypt.

el-shaddai

[Exo. 3:20- 6:1]

♔ Ethiopian Celebration of Christmas _ Genna/YeLidet Be’Al (ገና – የልደት በዓል) ♔

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopian holiday of Genna or otherwise called “YeLidet Be’al.”  Because of the calculations of the Ethiopic calendar, we find that the Christmas that is known in the Western world, using the Gregorian calendar doesn’t correspond with the Orthodox Christian churches’ calculations. (though they differ from specific church to church, within the Orthodoxy)  Instead of December 25th, or the twenty-fifth day of the 12th calendar month (Gregorian), we see that the date arrives on January 7th, or the seventh day of the 1st calendar month.

(Orthodox Christian teachings give this as a testimony for the celebration of the birth of Christ)

Christ presented in the Temple to Simeon (Luke 2: 25-26) painted by James J. Tissot

Christ presented in the Temple to Simeon (Luke 2: 25-26) artwork by James J. Tissot

During the first three centuries [A.D. – Anno Domini/After the Death of Christ], in the Churches of Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria and Cyprus, the Nativity of Christ was combined together with the Feast of His Baptism on January 6, and called “Theophany” (“Manifestation of God”).

 James Tissot's painting – The Magi Journeying (Les rois mages en voyage) – Brooklyn Museum

James Tissot’s painting – The Magi Journeying (Les rois mages en voyage) – Brooklyn Museum

This was because of a belief that Christ was baptized on the anniversary of His birth, which may be inferred from St. John Chrysostom’s sermon on the Nativity of Christ: “it is not the day on which Christ was born which is called Theophany, but rather that day on which He was baptized.”

[according to documentation from Orthodox Church of America]

http://oca.org/saints/lives/2014/12/25/103638-the-nativity-of-our-lord-god-and-savior-jesus-christ

star from the east - wise kings from the east (Star of Bethlehem)

By Ethiopic calculations, the birth of Christ, occurs on the Julian calendar‘s framework; predating the Gregorian.  In Eastern Christian (or Orthodox Christian sects) some, Orthodox Christians observe the “Nativity and Adoration of the Shepherds” on January 6th, & the following day may observe, the “Adoration of the Magi” (or otherwise known as the three kings/wise men) on January 7.  Other Orthodox Christians may attend church liturgies on the 6th, or both.

yelidet Qen (gena)

Screen Shot 2020-01-26 at 1.17.28 AM

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RSS#12 (በኖረበት [ተቀመጠ] / וַיְחִי)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of WaYechi – וַיְחִיon the 17th – יז, & the 18th – יח, of the month of Teb(v)et – טֵבֵתin the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513 these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as; BeNoräbät – በኖረበት, in other cases sometimes adding in, TäQ’ämättä – ተቀመጠ. on the 23rd፳፫, & the 24th – ፳፬, of the month of Taḥ’sas – ታኅሣሥ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 47: 28 – 50:26

I Kings 2: 1–12

I Peter 1: 3-9

Hebrews 11: 21-22

This portion of our studies in the Scriptures, will conclude the first of Book of Genesis.  While continuing study in the last Torah portion of Genesis the study deals with Jacob‘s(Israel) tenure in Egypt.  Jacob(Israel), felt that the time drew near to his death, so he spoke to his son, Joseph; telling him of an obligation he would like his son to fulfill.

Jacob(Israel) desired to be laid to rest among his ancestors in the land of Canaan, which God has promised that his descendants would inherit.

[Gen. 47: 28-30]

wayechi - parsha [joseph's journey to egypt]

Joseph, after speaking with his father, Jacob(Israel) and taking into account that his father drew close to his death; Joseph brought his two sons, Manasseh & Ephraim to him.

Joseph & his wife Asenath - with their two sons Manasseh & Ephraim.

Joseph & his wife Asenath – with their two sons Manasseh & Ephraim.

  Jacob(Israel), told his two grandsons [Manasseh & Ephraim] to come closer for he would bless them according to the covenant he received from God and his ancestors: Abraham & Isaac.  Oddly, Jacob(Israel), blessed Ephraim, the younger son, in the place of the elder sonManasseh.  Even, after the attempts of Joseph, who noticed that his father blessed his younger son in the place of his eldest and vice-versa.

[Gen. 48: 1-22]

Jacob(Israel) blesses Manasseh & Ephraim.

After blessing his grandchildren, Jacob(Israel), then proceeded to bless all of his children, as well.  Each one receiving a blessing, pertaining to themselves.

[Gen. 49: 1-33]

wayechi -parsha [Jacob's belessings to his sons before his death in Egypt]

Jacob(Israel), then died in Egypt & Joseph, made preparations for his body & burial, but more importantly the fulfillment of his oath to his father.  Because Joseph, was such a great man of stature in Egypt, the passing of his father was a grievous thing among the Egyptians.*  This was so much so, that when Joseph, went to Pharaoh and told him of the oath that his father wished him to fulfill, Pharaoh allowed it, even allowing many of the elders of the house, and of the land, along with servants of the house to go with him to Canaan.  But, upon arrival into the land of Canaan, the Canaanites saw the people that brought up Jacob(Israel), from Egypt, & they saw them mourning at Atad….& said “this is a grievous mourning for the Egyptians.”*  This day brought about the name of “Abel Mitz’raim – אָבֵל מִצרַיִם,” which translates to the “Meadow of Egypt“, or the “Mourning of Egypt.“  All in the procession for the remembrance of the passing of Jacob. [the Patriarch of Israel]

[Gen. 50: 1-14]

wayechi - parsha [Egypt mourns Jacob's death (Israel_in_Egypt)]

Joseph’s brothers, thought surely after their father’s passing that Joseph would in one way or another return the favor for their jealousy of him from their past.  But Joseph did no such thing, but returned to Egypt & witnessed the birth of his other grandchildren and great-grandchildren until his Joseph’s passing in Egypt.  Joseph also made oath with the all of Israelites; that they should bring his bones out of Egypt & lay him to rest with his ancestors in the land of Canaan. [as his father Jacob, did]

[Gen. 50: 15-26]

Burying the body of Joseph _illustration from the 1890 Holman Bible

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Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

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