Tag Archives: the Amorites

RSS#39-40 (የሕጉ ትእዛዝ ይህ ነው – ባላቅ/חֻקַּת – בָּלָק)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,


This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So,with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of C(K)ḥukat חֻקַּת, & from the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the year 5780 this Sabbath day would probably fall on the, 11thיא, on the & 12hיבof the month of Tammuz – תמוז.(The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)but,  from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as the year of 2012/7512; with references known to be YäHíggu Ti’ízáz Y’h’ Näw – የሕጉ ትእዛዝ ይህ ነውon the 26th – ፳፮, & on the 27th – ፳፯, of the month of (ወርኀ) of Sänæy – ሰኔ.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Numbers 19:1- 22:1

Judges 11: 1-33

Hebrews 9: 11-28

John 3: 10-21

On this Sabbath, we study where Moses and his brother Aaron, receive the ordinance of the law, in which God commanded them to take a “red heifer,” in the order for sacrifice/offering.  Instead of this offering being of the male of the first year, this one was to be of the female; also, she was not to be offered in the Tabernacle (Mishkan/Dinkʷan) but, to be offered outside of the camp, for her blood was to be sprinkled seven(7) times before the Tabernacle of the congregation, with the finger of Eleazar (Levite priest-son of Aaron).

[Numb. 19: 1-10]

chukat - parsha [the red heifer_on_logs]

The law for the death of a man in a tent, was also given to the children of Israel, in this portion of the Scriptures.  Seven(7) days shall the tent, any open vessel, which hath no covering, whosoever touched the one slain/deceased, in the open field, or the grave would be unclean.

[Numb. 19: 11-21]

chukat - parsha [maps-bible-archeology-exodus-route-overview-kadesh-barnea-jordan] bible.ca

Upon the trek of the children of Israel, when they had come to Kadesh-Barnea, Miriam the Prophetess, (Moses’ sister) was gathered to her people(passed to the spirit world)

[Numb. 20:1]

Miriam – ማርያም(ምርያም) – מרים
(Moses & Aaron’s sister)
a Prophetess_(Ex. 15:20, 21)

As the journey in the wilderness continued, the children of Israel grew restless once again.  The congregation gathered themselves together against Moses and Aaron.  They spoke ill off them, bringing them further into the wilderness to die of thirst, for there was no water.  Moses and Aaron went before the Tabernacle and fell on their faces(bowing in a plea to God).  God appeared to them, and spoke to Moses, instructing him to take his rod and gather the assembly of the children of Israel with Aaron.  Then he was to speak to the Rock, in front of the Hebrews and there water would come from the Rock; enough for the entire community of Israel.  Moses, along with Aaron gathered the people and brought them before the Rock, but in frustration with the constant murmuring and doubt of the children of Israel, instead of speaking to the Rock, Moses struck it with his rod, twice and water came from quenching the thirst of all the people and their cattle.

[Numb. 20: 2-13]

water from the rock2

Because of Moses’ disobedience, and because he waxed hot (became angered with the children of Israel; allowing his frustration to interfere with the instruction given to him by God);  God told him that he would not bring the people into the land, which was promised to their forefathers.  & the waters, which came from the Rock in that place, because the children of Israel strove with God; would be called Meribah (which was to mean= quarrel, to strive, or provocation)

[Numb. 20: 13]

Water From The Rock _wall painting of Moses in a Roman Catacomb dating to the 4th century AD.

Water From The Rock _wall painting of Moses in a Roman Catacomb dating to the 4th century AD.

Moses then sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, requesting safe passage through the land of Edom, assuring that nothing would stolen and the Hebrews come not to quarrel with any of the inhabitants of the land.  But, Edom would not allow Israel to pass through the land.  Edom warned Israel that if Israel was to pass through Edom would come out with the sword.  Moses speaking for Israel, assured again the nothing would taken and if so, it would be recompensed but, Edom refused once again; and came out to divert Israel from their path.  Israel, then turned away from Edom and journeyed from Kadesh to Mount Hor.  

[Numb. 20: 14-22]

{keep in mind: while going through this portion of the Scriptures lesson Edom” equated/represents “Esau,” who became known as Edom; (collectively/singular) & when the Scriptures speak of Israel,” even from a singular tone, it is speaking of the children of Israel/the Israelites.  Jacob’s, twin brother of Esau, would become known as “Israel” & father what would be known as the Twelve Tribes Of Israel.}

Aaron-אַהֲרֹן (Moses' brother) High Priest of Israel

Aaronאַהֲרֹןአሮን
(Moses’ brother)
High Priest of Israel
Byzantine (Eastern Orthodox Christian) painting

God, then spoke to Moses and Aaron at Mount Hor.  God said to them that Aaron (Moses’ brother), would be gathered to his people, and not enter into the land promised, to the children of Israel’s forefathers,for the rebellious actions at the waters of Meribah.  So upon Mount Hor, Aaron’s place as the Kahin HaGadol(High Priest) would pass along to his eldest son, Eleazar.  Moses was to take the garments and vestments of the High Priest and placed on and in the possession of his nephew, Eleazar.  Aaron then passes, leaving the Priesthood in the hands of son Eleazar, at Mount Hor.

[Numb. 20: 23-29]

Mount Hor - הֹר הָהָר - ሖር ተራራ

Mount Hor – הֹר הָהָר – ሖር ተራራ

A Canaanite king, whose name was Arad, heard word of the children of Israel making trek to Canaan and he went out to fight against them and took some of them prisoners.  Israel, made vow with God, that if those of the Canaanite king Arad, who took some of the Hebrews as prisoners, were delivered into their hands, they would utterly destroy their cities.  God heard them, and gave way to for them to keep their word, and it was made so, to the extent that the place where the king Arad, the Canaanite dominion was, would be called Hormah,for it was close to Mount Hor, where the passing of Aaron, was.

[Numb. 21: 1-3]

wildernessmap

After the victory over Arad, the Canaanite king, the children of Israel journeyed from Mount Hor, by the way of the Red Sea, to go around the land of Edom, and then the soul of the people grew weary, becoming discouraged.  Again, they spoke against Moses, moaning and groaning for food and water.  God sent fiery serpents, among the people and were bitten by them.  Many of the children of Israel died because of this, and turned to Moses, asking him to forgive them their doubt, and intercede with God for them.  Moses prayed for them and God instructed Moses, to make a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole so that every one that looked upon it would live.  Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it on a pole and what God said, had come to pass.  Those that looked upon the Brazen Serpent lived,  in spite of being bitten by the other serpents.

[Numb. 21: 4-9]

chukat - parsha [the brazen serpent- son of man]

The children of Israel set forward and then, making their journey East around Edom; (From Kadesh-through-Moab) until they came to Beer(pronounced Ba-e’yr) where they then were given water to drink from God.

[Numb. 21: 10-20]

chukat - parsha [the brazen serpent] www-personal.umich.edu

Israel, sent messengers to Sihon the king of the Amorites, requesting permission safe passage through the land of the Amorites, in the same manner that Israel requested of Arad, whom was a Canaanite king.  Israel would not take anything that was not their own and would not quarrel with any of the inhabitants of the land of the Amorites.  Sihon, wouldn’t let Israel pass through either, and gathered all his people together, to go out against Israel.  At Jahaz,the Amorites fought against Israel; Israel smote the Amorites with sword and then, possessed the lands from Arnon-to-Jabbok, even to the borders of the children of Ammon.

wilderness (zared river)

While Israel, dwelt in the land conquered of the Amorites, they also drove out the Amorites in Jaazer.  The children of Israel then, went north, and Og, the king of Bashan, cam out against them but, God told Moses “…to fear him not…,” for he to would be delivered into his hand.  There Israel, smote them and possessed the land there, as well.  Wherein, at that point, the children of Israel pitched camp in the plains of Moab, on the side of Jordan(river), near Jericho.

[Numb. 21: 21-35]

wilderness (from oboth-ijeabarimMoab-zared-arnon-ar-beer-mattanah-nahaliel-bamoth-pisgah-jahaz-hesbon-KHmeosh-dibon-nophah-medeba)

** DOUBLE-PORTION** | { RSS#40 (ባላቅ / בָּלָק)  } | **DOUBLE-PORTION**

Readings:

Numbers 22: 2 – 25:9

Micah 5:6 – 6:8

Romans 11: 25-32

 

As we go forward in our studies, this Sabbath study, Israel after conquest had grown strong in the plain of Moab.  A king of Moab, who’s name was Balak, had seen what the children of Israel did to their adversaries in the habitations that were adjacent to his dominion.

[Numb. 22: 2-4]

-accredited to hebrew4christians.com site

-accredited to hebrew4christians.com site

King Balak, then sent messengers to a known “sorcerer“, or man of secret knowledge, whom wasn’t an Israelite; his name was called BalaamBalak devised a plan to have the children of Israel cursed; for they grew strong, the king and the people of Moab feared Israel.   So, it seemed to Balak, that if somehow he could have the children of Israel diverted from their focus then, they could be defeated and driven out of the lands, which they had now possessed.

[Numb. 22: 5-6]

balak - parsha [Moses-transjordan-1250]

The elders of Moab, along with the elders of Midian, together plotted against the children of Israel.  As messengers of Balak, the king of Moab, willing to compensate, for this endeavor, they went to Balaam, in a place called Pethor to present the words of Balak.

[Numb. 22: 7]

Midian & Moab, conspire against Israel _ [Numb. 22:4]

Midian & Moab, conspire against Israel _ [Numb. 22:4]

So, Balaam’s take is cordial with the king of Moab’s messengers & he welcomes them to stay the night, while he utilizes some time, to deliberate with God, whether the children of Israel could be cursed, & how to go about doing so.  God(YHWH), comes to Balaam, in a dream, and speaks with him about the men, who have come to him, & for what purpose.  Balaam says to God, that the men are of, Balak-king of Moab, and they sought him to curse the children of Israel.  After consultation with God, Balaam is not permitted to curse the children of Israel, nor to go with the messengers of Balak to Moab.  The next morning, Balaam tells the messengers that he cannot curse Israel nor go with them to the king; for God refused.  The messengers returned to Moab, and told the king, Balak, the news and the reasoning thereof.

[Numb. 22: 8-14]

But, Balak was persistent of Balaam to grant his request, so Balak sent others nobles of his influence to further persuade Balaam to Moab.  Balak offered Balaam, honour of distinction within his kingdom, but Balaam refused a second time; not budging a inch,  unwilling to incline his ear to the possible gifts of gold & silver, in abundance.

Balaam, to the messenger/nobles(servants) of Balak,

“…If Balak would give me his house

full of silver and gold, I cannot go beyond

the word of the LORD my God, to do less or more…”

[Numb. 22: 18]

Though, with his mind already made up about the situation, which Balak was in high pursuit of, Balaam gives a place to rest for the messengers sent by Balak, for a second night.  In that night, God spoke with Balaam once more saying; if the men of Balak call for you to travel with them, go with them to Balak in Moab.  But, Balaam rose up in the morning and just went with the messengers of Balak, more than likely with no intent giving reverence to the words God spoke; mainly because God’s anger was then kindled against Balaam.  So, while Balaam was on the way to Moab, riding on his donkey, an angel of God appeared in their way, holding a sword-in-hand, standing as an adversary; but only the donkey’s eyes were open to see.  The donkey turned aside, out of the way, into a field, & Balaam smote the donkey in attempt to force the donkey to obey his command.  Balaam mounted the donkey again, and continued along the way, but, in the field there was a vineyard with a two walls on each side.  The angel appeared a second time; with the donkey’s eyes being the only one to see again, so the donkey threw itself towards one wall, crushing Balaam‘s foot into it.  Balaam, smote the donkey a second time.  The angel, then went further on the road and stood, this time in a narrow place where there was no place to turn, to the left or right.  This time seeing the angel, the donkey fell down under Balaam, angering him to smite the donkey a third time with a staff.  At this point, God gave speech to the donkey; and the donkey ask Balaam, why had it been struck three times, along the road.  Balaam answering the donkey said, gave reason because the donkey would not yield to his command, also mentioning that if he had a sword, he would’ve killed the donkey.

painting by James J. Tissot _ Balaam is met by the Angel on the road _ [Numb. 22: 21-35]

painting by James J. Tissot _ Balaam is met by the Angel on the road _ [Numb. 22: 21-35]

But, the donkey spoke once more saying, that was it not the same donkey which Balaam always had ridden; and had there ever been another day where the donkey acted in the manner that it did on this day.  Balaam answered no.  Then God opened Balaam‘s eyes to see the angel, as well; Balaam bowed down falling on his face.  Then the angel explained why the appearances were made and had not the donkey turned off the road those three times, Balaam would have been slain.

[Numb. 22: 15-35]

Balaam & his ass(donkey) met by the Angel _ Holman Bible (1890) illustrastions

After Balaam‘s encounter on the road to Moab, he comes to Balak, but Balak, unknowing of whether his request had been answered officially or not, Balak lets Balaam know that he is not prepared to fulfill the giving of a honorable title or position that was previously promised to him, since he does not know if Balaam had come to Moab, to acknowledge the request of cursing Israel or not.  Balaam goes through the process of seemingly preparing to curse Israel, but, again an inquiry must be made to God(even of his{Balaam’s} psuedo-sorceric powers); this time with the words of God coming to Balak through Balaam.

[Numb. 22: 36-41]

Balak & Balaam

Balak & Balaam

Balaam has Balak set up seven altars upon a place called Kirjath-Huzoth.  There atop that high place overlooking the children of Israel, Balak did as Balaam said, in setting up seven altars.  The seven altars  had a bullock and a ram on each, as offerings & while Balak awaited an answer from Balaam; Balaam inquired of God what was next. God met Balaam, and Balaam told God that the seven altars were in place with their offerings.  God then told Balaam to return to Balak & he shall speak.  Balaam returned to Balak & then God’s words came through Balaam. 

Balaam to Balak,

“…How shall I curse, whom God

hath not cursed? or how shall defy,

whom the LORD hath not defied?…”

[Numb. 23: 1-8]

the Seven Altars _ painting by James J. Tissot [Numb. 23: 1-12] "Whom Jah bless, no man curse" _{Ras Tafari proverb}

the Seven Altars _ painting by James J. Tissot [Numb. 23: 1-12]Whom Jah bless, no man curse” _{Ras Tafari proverb}

Balak, the king of Moab, unsatisfied with the results atop Kirjath-huzoth, pleaded with Balaam to attempt again to curse Israel from another vantage point.  So, he brought Balaam to the field of Zophīm(atop Pisgah)
built the seven altars again, and put the offerings in place.  There he awaited a second answer from Balaam.  Balaam, spoke again to God, & God told him to return to him again & the words would be put in his mouth.

Balaam to Balak, in Zophīm(on Pisgah)

“…Rise up, Balak, and hear, harken to me,

thou son of Zippor:…” _vrs.18

“…God is not a man, that he should lie;

neither the son of man,

that he should repent:

hath he said, and not do it?

or hath he spoken,

and shall he not make it good?…” _vrs.19

[Numb. 23: 9-19]

Balak, again blesses Israel @ Ts'ophyiim (Zophim)

Balaam, again blesses Israel @ Ts’of’yim (Zophim) :

“…Let me die the death of the righteous, and let my end be like his…” Balaam the Sorcerer [Numb. 23: 10]

In spite of two blessings from Balaam, Balak proposes one more attempt to curse Israel, from another place.  Then he brought Balaam to Peor,that looked out toward Jeshimon. 

[The pattern of the seven altars.]

 

*  [ ADDITIONAL NOTES FOR FURTHER STUDY: ] *

1) Islamic, Sura al-Baqurah(سورة البقرة), has a strong connection with this week’s Torah portion/study.

http://www.thequranrecitation.com/al-baqarah.html?language=english

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Baqara

2) Could the teachings of the Kundalini Energy have a connection with the Brazen Serpent?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kundalini

http://www.crystalinks.com/kundalini.html

-2a. Did the aspects of the Brazen Serpent influence modern medicine?

The Caduceus – the symbol for Healing? _ (works cited from Essays by Ekowa)

http://www.essaysbyekowa.com/iconography.htm

3) Biblical reference to the serpent, in lieu of, wisdom/intelligence or a positive perspective….

Matthew 10: 16 _

Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves:

be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.

Hibret Culture Tanktop

"Hibret"- ኅብረት= Union/Cooperative; pertaining to society. ET.AMH language

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RSS #20 (እዘዛቸው / תְּצַוֶּה)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Tetẓ’av(w)eh – תְּצַוֶּה, on the 10th – י, & on the 11th – יאof the month of Adar – אֲדָר, in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 27th – ፳፯, & on the 28th – ፳፰, of the month of  Yekátït – የካቲት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Izzäzâchäw – እዘዛቸው.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – [ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Exodus 27:20- 30:10

Ezekiel 43:10-27

Hebrews 13:10-17

Now, in summation of the study we have in front of us; Moses is told by God that the children of Israel are to complete the construction of a sanctuary in the wilderness.  Other instruments and furniture, for the Tabernacle, that would be needed included: olive oil for the lampstand in what would be known as the Holy Place.

[Ex. 27: 20]

[Ex. 25: 31]And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.

Also, in this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the subject deals mostly with the “everlasting flame” of the candlestick.

[Ex. 25:31-40]

[Hebrews 12: 29]"...For our GOD is a consuming fire..."

Olive Oil(oil of anointing [Ex.25:6]) was to be used for light, including the other furniture

The priesthood is also established in the heritage of the Levites(Hebrew Israelite Tribe of Levi), along with the priestly garments that were to be constructed & worn only when service in the Tabernacle was to be performed.

brestplate of hakohen(High Priest)

Moses, by the instruction of God, ordains Aaron, his brother, to become the High Priest, along with his sons and the rest of his descendants. Here, Aaron’s wife, Elisheba, whom was the daughter of Amminadab ben Judah(son of Judah), sister to Nahshon ben Amminadab(son of Amminadab), of the tribe of Judah, became the Matriarch of the Cohanim(priests).

Egyptian Diety Khepri

Egyptian Diety Khepri

The sacred covering of the Ark of The Covenant, which the Cohanim were to give service to on behalf the children of Israel, is called Kapporeth – כפורת, so finding out why the picture placed above, is of what might be known as Khepri, I’ll leave it up to anyone who’s curious enough to take a look for themselves. I would elaborate more on how linguistics also play a part in the understanding of Scripture, but that’s pretty apparent. Though, it may seem, out of context that there could possibly be more connections of the Hebrew/Jewish thought and practice, to the Ancient Egyptian Mysteries or the traditional Judeo-Christian aspects of this, it meets more points of similarity than most people can see. For example, in Hebrew, the “Holy of Holies” is named as the Kodesh HaKodeshiyimקֹדֶשׁ הַקֳּדָשִׁים , and semantically similar in the ancient Ge’ez old Ethiopic language of the Ethiopian-Jews and Ethiopia entirely, the same is called the Q’edeste Q’ddusan – ቀደስተ ቅዱሳን.

….…the curtains of the outer court of the Tabernacle were to be made of brass(copper), for an enclosure…

terumah - parsha (outer court)

The priesthood of the Israelites was also established in the heritage of the Levites(Hebrew Israelite Tribe of Levi), along with the priestly garments that were to be constructed & worn when services in the Tabernacle were conducted.

tetzaweh - parsha6

RSS# 17 (ዮቶር / יִתְרוֹ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Yitro – יִתְרוֹ, on the 19th – יט, & on the 20th – כof the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָטin the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; on the 6th – , & on the 7th – , of the month of Yekateetየካቲት.  These readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as;  Yotor – ዮቶር.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 18:1- 20:23

Isaiah 6:1- 7:6

Isaiah 9:5-6

Matthew 5:8-20

Jethro (“Reu’el”; “Ragu’el”)

Now, for in summation of the study we have in front of us; In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, Jethro(Yitro in Hebrew; Yotor in Amharic), Moses’ father-in-law, hears the all that has happened in Egypt. The miracles of Israel’s departure from Egypt, GOD’s guidance through the wilderness, & his help in the defeat of the enemies of the children of Israel.

Moses-And-Tzipporah-the-prince-of-the-egypt

Now, the children of Israel have sojourned to the dwelling of Moses’ wife(Ts’pporah) and father-in-law’s, land in Midian & pitched camp. Jethro, then advises Moses on structuring the command of the children of Israel into a sort of order of civil officers, after bringing his wife and two sons(Gershom; who’s name has the meaning of “I have been an foreigner in a strange land,” & Eliazar; who’s name has the meaning of, “the GOD of my father, is mine help & delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh”) from Midian to the wilderness.

israel exodus out of egypt map

Jethro, then entreats the GOD of Israel, sighting him as greater then all gods. Then Jethro took a burnt offering and sacrificed to the GOD of Israel, & broke bread with Moses, Aaron, & all the elders of Israel.

Moses, takes heed to his father-in-law’s words, & assembles all the tribes of Israel and appoints heads over them.  These heads(of the tribes) would discern small matters and only bring matters that were of great concern to Moses, to not wear heavy on him, burdens of an entire nation.

Moshe & the 70 elders of Israel

In the third month, of the coming out of Egypt, Israel came to the wilderness of Sinai, from Rephidim. Moses went up the Mount, in the wilderness & GOD spoke to him, calling for Israel to become a nation of priests & a holy nation

– [Ex. 19:5]

Jewish/Hebrew calendarformulated at Hebrew4Christians.com

Whenever GOD came to speak to Moses, to lay out instructions for Israel to follow, GOD came in a cloud of fire upon the Mount in Sinai. Moses then, took instructions of GOD to sanctify the children of Israel & to command them not to come near the mountain, for if they did, they would surely be put to death. Man or beast, should not come near the mountain in the wilderness.

[Ex. 19:1-13]

yitro - parsha [wilderness]

The GOD of Israel also gives to Moses and the Israelites, what is known as the Ten Commandments. No one else goes up, upon the mountain to meet GOD but Moses. Aaron, his sons & the elders of Israel come with Moses but they leave Moses to go further up to receive the instructions at the height of the mountain.

moses_ethiopian

It came to pass on the third day when it was morning, that there were thunder claps and lightning flashes, and a thick cloud was upon the mountain, and a very powerful blast of a shofar, and the entire nation that was in the camp shuddered.

–Exodus 19:16

 

Nash Papyrus2nd cent. Hebrew Decalogue

(613 Mitzvot-Commandmaents)

http://www.jewfaq.org/613.htm

RSS# 16 (በለቀቀ ጊዜ/ בְּשַׁלַּח)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of BeShalacḥ’ – בְּשַׁלַּח, on the 12th – יב, & on the 13th – יגof the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָטin the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512 these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as; BeLäQäQä Gïzæy – በለቀቀ ጊዜ, on the 29th – ፳፱, & on the 30th – ፴, of the month of Tir – ጥር.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 13:17- 17:16

Judges 4:4- 5:31

John 6:15-71

I Corinthians 10: 1-5

 

Now, for in summation of the study we have in front of us; In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the children of Israel are finally release from the hard bondage of Egypt(with the Pharoah or “governing house“) that knew not of JosephMoses and his brother Aaron have spoken the words of the God of Israel to the king of Egypt and the plagues have shown the wonders that have come to pass by the mighty hand of God.

beshalach - parsha [moses-joseph's bones]

The Children of Israel have taken all of their possessions along with spoils of Egypt, which they could gather by blessing to carry along on their journey.  Upon the Israelites’ (Hebrew children’s) journey, Moses fulfills Joseph‘s wishes of taking his bones out of Egypt & on the journey of the Hebrews back to their Promised Land, to be buried with his ancestors.

[Ex. 13:19]

Yosef's bones [Exo. 13: 19]

Yosef’s bones [Exo. 13: 19]

Moses, and his brother Aaron had spoken the words of the God of Israel to the king of Egypt and the plagues have shown the wonders that have come to pass by the mighty hand of God.  The children of Israel had taken all of their possessions along with spoils of Egypt, which they could gather by blessing to carry along on their journey, & set out for the land of Canaan.

God's Pillar Leading the Israelites Exodus 13:21-22

Moses, took up the task set forth by Joseph, to the children of Israel, to bring his bones out of Egypt on the journey to Canaan.  They set out from Succoth to encamp at Etham, with God leading by a cloud in the day, and a pillar of fire by night.

[Exo. 13: 17-22]

beshalach - parsha [the-prince-of-egypt(the Pillar of Fire)]

In discontent, and the words of some of the attendants in the Egyptian court, Pharaoh’s heart was hardened [by God], so Pharaoh summoned for 600 of his first choice of chariots, along with all the chariots of Egypt, with the captains of them & was in “hot-pursuit” of returning the children of Israel back to Egypt (& back to servitude).  Fearful of the pursuit of the chariots of Egypt, the children of Israel, cried out to God, & turn to Moses, in disbelief of the happenings in front of them. Moses, then commands them to fear not, for the God of Israel will do battle for them.  They are to continue to walk by faith &, to remember the ideal to do good works.

[Exo. 14: 1-28]

Moses, was then commanded by God to stretch forth his rod, & God split the Sea of Reeds(Red Sea), and the children of Israel traveled through on dry land. Whereas, the hardening of Pharaoh’s heart drove him to pursue the Israelites/Hebrews into the sea; they were swallowed up by it.  The children of Israel had the words of Moses fulfilled right before their eyes; God would do battle for them, if they stayed in the way of his light, keep his laws, statutes, and commandments; the Egyptians which they saw, they would never see again, & they would know the YHWH EloHIM is GOD.

[Exo. 14: 29-31]

beshalach - parsha [pharaoh overthrown at red sea]

Then, Moses sung a song of thanks and praise,…& the children of Israel sang with Moses, for in that day YHWH, made himself manifest to them as their salvation and this song became the “Song of the Sea.” (Because the people were allowed to pass over.)

[Exo. 15: 1-19]

moses3

beshalach - parsha [Song_of_the_sea]

Then, Miriam the prophetess, took a timbrel in her hand, & all the women came after her and danced with timbrels for the children of Israel triumphed by the hand of God.

[Exo. 15: 20-26]

Miriam & the women of Israel

Miriam & the women of Israel

HOW QUICKLY DO, ONES-N-ONES, FORGET THOUGH…?

In the wilderness of Shur, the children of Israel began to lose faith, & murmured against Moses.

{Ex. 15: 22-27}

Then God, spoke to the children of Israel, for they came to the wilderness of Shur, after they began to lose faith, & murmuring against Moses, because of their thirst.  They murmured again, against Moses & Aaron, because of their hunger, next…Moses explained that God had heard their murmuring & will provide for them, in exchange that they keep all his commandments & statutes.

[Exo. 15: 26- 16:3]

Gathering of the Manna _ James J. Tissot

Gathering of the Manna _ James J. Tissot

God, blessed the children of Israel, with manna; “the bread of heaven.”  They were to gather until the Sabbath, for they were to keep the statue of Keeping the Sabbath Holy & they were to do no servile work therein.

[Exo. 16: 4-36]

exodus-testing grounds

The Hebrews, led by Moses, went on to the wilderness of Sin, where they murmured against Moses again.  Moses was commanded by God, to take his rod in his hand, to the rock near Horeb, for he would bring water out of it to drink.   Moses, called the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the Israelites.

[Exo. 17: 1-8]

amalek

Then, came out the Amalekites, to make war with the children of Israel.  Moses, told Joshua, to gather those out of the Hebrews who could go to war with them.  Joshua went and chose, between them, & Moses, Aaron, and Hur, went up to a hilltop.

beshalach - parsha [Aaron-and-Hur-supporting-Moses-arms-as-Joshua-leads-Israel-in-battle-against-Amalek-Victory-of-Joshua-over-the-Amalekites-1626-by-Nicolas-Poussin]

They began to see that as Moses , raised his hands the Israelites prevailed & once his hands dropped they fell by the sword.  The Israelites prevailed for Hur(Chur), and Moses’ brother Aaron, held his hands high.  Moses, afterwards erected a altar, and called it Jehovah-Nissi’(ይህዌህ ንሲ-יְהוָה נִסִּי)-[Ex. 17: 15]. God then, said that the war between Israel & Amalek would last from generation-to-generation.

[Exo. 17: 9-17]

Israel & Amalek [Ex. 17: 16]

Israel & Amalek [Ex. 17: 16]

RSS#12 (በኖረበት [ተቀመጠ] / וַיְחִי)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of WaYechi – וַיְחִיon the 13th – יג, & the 14th – יד, of the month of Teb(v)et – טֵבֵתin the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512 these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as; BeNoräbät – በኖረበት, in other cases sometimes adding in, TäQ’ämättä – ተቀመጠ. on the 12th – ፲፪, & the 13th – ፲፫, of the month of Taḥ’sas – ታኅሣሥ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Genesis 47: 28 – 50:26

I Kings 2: 1–12

I Peter 1: 3-9

Hebrews 11: 21-22

This portion of our studies in the Scriptures, will conclude the first of Book of Genesis.  While continuing study in the last Torah portion of Genesis the study deals with Jacob‘s(Israel) tenure in Egypt.  Jacob(Israel), felt that the time drew near to his death, so he spoke to his son, Joseph; telling him of an obligation he would like his son to fulfill.

Jacob(Israel) desired to be laid to rest among his ancestors in the land of Canaan, which God has promised that his descendants would inherit.

[Gen. 47: 28-30]

wayechi - parsha [joseph's journey to egypt]

Joseph, after speaking with his father, Jacob(Israel) and taking into account that his father drew close to his death; Joseph brought his two sons, Manasseh & Ephraim to him.

Joseph & his wife Asenath - with their two sons Manasseh & Ephraim.

Joseph & his wife Asenath – with their two sons Manasseh & Ephraim.

  Jacob(Israel), told his two grandsons [Manasseh & Ephraim] to come closer for he would bless them according to the covenant he received from God and his ancestors: Abraham & Isaac.  Oddly, Jacob(Israel), blessed Ephraim, the younger son, in the place of the elder sonManasseh.  Even, after the attempts of Joseph, who noticed that his father blessed his younger son in the place of his eldest and vice-versa.

[Gen. 48: 1-22]

Jacob(Israel) blesses Manasseh & Ephraim.

After blessing his grandchildren, Jacob(Israel), then proceeded to bless all of his children, as well.  Each one receiving a blessing, pertaining to themselves.

[Gen. 49: 1-33]

wayechi -parsha [Jacob's belessings to his sons before his death in Egypt]

Jacob(Israel), then died in Egypt & Joseph, made preparations for his body & burial, but more importantly the fulfillment of his oath to his father.  Because Joseph, was such a great man of stature in Egypt, the passing of his father was a grievous thing among the Egyptians.*  This was so much so, that when Joseph, went to Pharaoh and told him of the oath that his father wished him to fulfill, Pharaoh allowed it, even allowing many of the elders of the house, and of the land, along with servants of the house to go with him to Canaan.  But, upon arrival into the land of Canaan, the Canaanites saw the people that brought up Jacob(Israel), from Egypt, & they saw them mourning at Atad….& said “this is a grievous mourning for the Egyptians.”*  This day brought about the name of “Abel Mitz’raim – אָבֵל מִצרַיִם,” which translates to the “Meadow of Egypt“, or the “Mourning of Egypt.“  All in the procession for the remembrance of the passing of Jacob. [the Patriarch of Israel]

[Gen. 50: 1-14]

wayechi - parsha [Egypt mourns Jacob's death (Israel_in_Egypt)]

Joseph’s brothers, thought surely after their father’s passing that Joseph would in one way or another return the favor for their jealousy of him from their past.  But Joseph did no such thing, but returned to Egypt & witnessed the birth of his other grandchildren and great-grandchildren until his Joseph’s passing in Egypt.  Joseph also made oath with the all of Israelites; that they should bring his bones out of Egypt & lay him to rest with his ancestors in the land of Canaan. [as his father Jacob, did]

[Gen. 50: 15-26]

Burying the body of Joseph _illustration from the 1890 Holman Bible

RSS# 8 (ላከ/ וַיִּשְׁלַח)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of W(V)aYishlach – וַיִּשְׁלַח, on the 15th –  טו, & the 16th – טז, of the month of Kislew(v) – כִּסְלֵוin the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512 these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as; Lake’ – ላከon the 3rd – , & on the 4th – ፬, of the month of Ch’ədár – ኅዳር.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Gen. 32:4 – 36:43

Oba. 1: 1-21

Heb 11: 11-20

Matt 26: 36-46

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, we begin with Jacob making his return to the land of Canaan, with his family after a twenty year tenure in Haran. (Aram)

[Gen. 32: 4-6]

wayishlach - parsha [esau and jacob]

Jacob set out to meet his brother, Esau, sought to do the same, upon hearing of Jacob‘s arrival in HebronJacob, weary of the past events that took place with his brother, (…also his uncle/father-in-law…Laban) sent word ahead with gifts, to appease Esau.

[Gen. 32: 7-8]

wayishlach - parsha [jacob at peniel]

Jacob, praying to God, to see him through the possibly unfavorable encounter with his brother, Esau; feared that an attempt on his life at the hands of brother Esau, would be inevitable.  But, Jacob harkened to the call God made to him, of his father Isaac, and Abraham.

[Gen. 32: 9-32]

Jacob sees Esau afar off _ by James J. Tissot

Jacob sees Esau afar off _ by James J. Tissot

Though, Esau came with many, Jacob was humble with only his family & those with them.  Also, though between them (Esau & Jacob) it was seemingly “bad blood” with their recent history, they were both able to reconcile with one another.

[Gen. 33: 1-7]

La Genese - Genesis (Jacob and Esau) film _ 1999 French-Malian drama film directed by Cheick Oumar Sissoko.

Esau, then even invited Jacob to live in Seir(Edom), but Jacob chose to settle in Sukkot, near Shalem*.  Nearby, Jacob erected an altar, to the name of the God that blessed him, continuously.

[Gen. 33: 8-20]

el-elohei-yisrael

El Elohe Ysrael - Gen 33:20 ኤል ኤሎሄ እስራኤል "The Mighty God of Israel" אל אלוהי ישראל

El Elohe Ysrael
– Gen 33:20
ኤል ኤሎሄ እስራኤል
The Mighty God of Israel
אל אלוהי ישראל

wayishlach - parsha [jacob - well and altar at shalem_el elohe ysrael]

Dinah, the only daughter of Jacob, by Leah, then went out among the people of the land, & there was a Hivite, named Shechem, the son of Hamor, a prince of the country, took her in no formal way of courtship, but later spoke to the ideals of love for her, in which Dinah never objected too.  Shechem spoke to his father to make arrangements to marry Dinah, but Jacob had heard of his daughter’s encounter with the Hivite prince, along with all of Jacob‘s sons.  Hamor, sought to make peace between the Hivites and the Jacobites (Israelites), with marriages between the people, with the initiate being the union of Shechem & Dinah.  But, Jacob‘s sons saw the actions of the Hivite prince to be morally a crime, against them.

[Gen. 34: 1-12]

Dinah - דִּינָה - ዲና

Dinah – דִּינָה – ዲና

- Dinah Bat-Leah (Dinah, daughter of Leah) -Dinah Bat-Yaicob (Dinah, daughter of Jacob) - Dinah Bat-Ysrael (Dinah, daughter of Israel)

Dinah Bat-Leah
(Dinah, daughter of Leah)
Dinah Bat-Yaicob
(Dinah, daughter of Jacob)
Dinah Bat-Ysrael
(Dinah, daughter of Israel)

The sons of Jacob, answered deceitfully, with the intent to punish the Hivites for morally wicked actions done to their sister.  The sons of Jacob, made prerequisites pending the negotiations that the Jacobites would marry into the families of the HivitesShechem, and Hamor made haste that they and all the males of them should comply with the requests of the sons of Jacob, to gain not only the peaceable marriage to their daughters, but giving the daughters of the Hivites to the sons of Jacob to marry.  Thus, gaining their consent to dwell together with them.  For Jacob, blessed of God, was wealthy in flocks and substance.  But, Simeon & Levi, foiled their plans and instead sacked ShechemJacob was inagered with his sons for the deeds, but Simeon & Levi saw it, as if their sister had been taken to be a harlot.

[Gen. 34: 13-31]

Massacre of the Hivites by Simeon and Levi

Jacob, then made it so that all of his household, were to know the God that preserved him throughout his years.  So, he made sure that they put away strange things from among them, before going to Bethel once more.  Deborah, who came with Jacob‘s mother Rebekah to the land of Canaan with Isaac, dies just before God appears to Jacob again.  Rachel, Jacob‘s wife, then bear labor pains for the second time, & bear a second son, which she named “Benoni“(son of my sorrow), but Jacob named him, “Benjamin“(son of my right hand).  But, Rachel passed at Ephrath, in Bethleham.  Jacob set a memorial stone on the grave of his wife, Rachel. 

[Gen. 35: 1-21]

Deborah & (little) Rachel

Deborah & (little) Rebekah

Jacob & Leah, went to see Isaac, but while they were away Reuben, lusted after Bilhah & lay with her unknowingly to her before it was too late for her to notice that she was not with her husband; but Reuben loved her, as if she were to be his wife.  Jacob was exceedingly wroth with Reuben because he had lain with Bilhah.” (Apocrapha: Gen. 35)  For this, Reuben defiled his birthright, as the firstborn of Israel.  

Before his death, Isaac, saw & blessed his younger son Jacob, and his family.

[Gen. 35: 22-43]

- compilation from comingtojesus.com

– compilation from comingtojesus.com

RSS# 54 (የባረከባት በረከት ይህች ናት / וְזֹאת הַבְּרָכָה)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of W(V)’zot HaBerachah – וְזֹאת הַבְּרָכָהon the 19th – יט, & the 20th – כ, of the month of Tishreï – תִּשְׁרִי, in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as, YeBâräkäbát Bäräkät Y’hich Nát – የባረከባት በረከት ይህች ናት.  This would calculate as the 19th – ፲፱, & the 20th – ፳, of the month of TíQímt – ጥቅምት.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – (ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 33:1- 34:12

Joshua 1: 1-18

Revelations 22: 1-5

On this Sabbath day, Moses blesses the children of Israel, before he passes on atop Mount Nebo.

wezot habarakh'ah - parsha (Mount_Nebo)

Moses, recalled Jacob’s blessing to his twelve sons, who become the progenitors of the Twelve Tribes of Israel.  Moses blessed each tribe, individually in the community of Israel.

[Deut. 33: 1-27]

wezot habarakh'ah - parsha (blessing_israel)

Upon the passing of Moses, & there arose not another prophet like to Moses, among Israel, since then.  But, even so, Joshua succeeded Moses, & led the children of Israel, over the river Jordan.

[Deut. 34: 1-12]

Moses _ an Orthodox Christian (Coptic) painting [St.Takla.org]

…Israel mourned the passing of Moses for thirty days….

for there would never be another that knew God face-to-face, to date

bamibar - parsha [encampment of the Bnei Ysrael]

RSS# 49 (በወጣህ ጊዜ / כִּי־תֵצֵא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Ki-Teitẓ’eiכִּי־תֵצֵא, on the 13th – יג, & on the 14th – יד, of the month of Elūl – אֱלוּל, in the year of 5779. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known (in the same sense) as BeWäṭáh Gïzéy – በወጣህ ጊዜ.  This would calculate as the 18th – ፲፰, & the 19th – ፲፱, of the month of Mäskäräm – መስከረም.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 21:10 – 25:19

Isaiah 54: 1-10

Matthew 5: 27-30

I Corinthians 5: 1-5

In this parsha/kifil (study portion) of the Scriptures, we shall go through topics that cover, laws, statutes & commandments, mostly in the civil & domestic life of the children of Israel.  We’ll begin in the post-warfare ordinances, that deal with other governing principles, including inheritance, child rearing, humane civility, farming & host of other issues.  This portion of the Scriptures, set out supplementary laws that would aid the Hebrew people as they continued to draw near to God.

Torah Aliyot scroll for Parshat Ki Tetzei. Scroll possibly from the "Rabbinical period in southern Europe [Lisbon, Portugal] _ Jewish/Hebraic teachings thrived alongside the 700 + year period of the Moorish conquering of Europe; ca. 711 AD - 1492 AD ; (also see; the Edict of Expulsion, or the Expulsion of Moors & Jews - 1492.

Torah Aliyot scroll for Parshat Ki Tetzei (Teitzei). Scroll possibly from the “Rabbinical period in southern Europe” [Lisbon, Portugal] _ Jewish/Hebraic teachings thrived alongside the 700 + year period of the Moorish conquering of Europe; ca. 711 AD – 1492 AD ; (also see; the Edict of Expulsion, or the Expulsion of Moors & Jews – 1492.

The children of Israel were presented with the orders of God, through Moses, to deal with domestic regulations in the ways that were suitable and pleasing to God.  The treatment of captives, especially of the women of other nations was one in question, in the ordinances of warfare.

[Deut. 21: 10-17]

ki tetzei - parsha [israelite army-Deut.21vrs1]

Also, in this category of issues, the children of Israel were to administer to the wayward son, in ways that would be beneficial to, not only be sustainable to one’s household, but to the entire nation’s, as well.

[Deut. 21: 18-23]

CHRIST's Parable of the Prodigal Son [Luke 15: 11-32]

CHRIST‘s Parable of the Prodigal Son [Luke 15: 11-32]

The children of Israel, were not to be a wayward people, speaking with “fork-tongues“, living in ungodly ways, but always making way to become righteous by words & deeds.  Thus, the Laws of Brotherhood, not only within the Hebrew community, but to other nations also; the same would be the norm for ANY Israelite.

[Deut. 22: 1-8]

ki tetzei - parsha [opening verse aliya]

When it came to Hebrew farming principles, from the basics to large-scale agriculture practices, the children of Israel were to adhere certain commandments all-in-the-same.  This takes in account, the treatment of the animals within their possession, also.

[Deut. 22: 9-12]

1)”…Speak to the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:…”[Numb. 15: 38]; 2)…”thou shall make thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy vesture, wherewith thou coverest thyself…” [Deut. 22: 12] {Tz’itz’iyot-צִיצִת or Gadil-גָּדִל}

1)”…Speak to the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:…”[Numb. 15: 38];
2)…”thou shall make thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy vesture, wherewith thou coverest thyself…”
[Deut. 22: 12]

 

In the upkeep of the laws, statutes, & commandments of God to the children of Israel; upon the sudden death of a Hebrew, who had a wife (but, was now a childless widowhad married, but bore no children), & was survived by a brother-in-law(her husband’s brother), the surviving brethren was obliged to uphold specific responsibilities in procuring the lineage of his deceased brother.  This law was one of intricacy, among others dealing with the “Innocent Wife”, being provided with protection within Israel.

(see Levirate Marriage; Yibbum; Chalitza – חליצה; & Gen. 38:8) [for fuller comprehension read Gen.38: 6-26]

[Deut. 22: 13-19]

Halitz'ah/CHalitz'a ceremony _ "the shoe loosing" _ A widow loosening the shoe of her brother-in-law; significying that she is now free to marry whom she chooses, & the Hebraic law of the Levirate Marriage is lifted.

Halitz’ah/CHalitz’a ceremony _ “the shoe loosing” _ A widow loosening the shoe of her brother-in-law; signifying that she is now free to marry whom she chooses, & the Hebraic law of the Levirate Marriage is lifted.

In the arrangements for dealing with divers regulatory issues among the children of Israel, the Hebrews were to adhere to God’s principles in dealing with peoples of other nations, entreating their camp, holy places and such, but also, not succumbing to being a oppressors or whores & whoremongers, (ie. sexual offenders, rapists, etc.), or extortionists.

[Deut. 23: 1-25]

ki tetzei - parsha [im-my-brothers-keeper]

*Note to Study-in-Depth: Ammon & Moab -10th Generation*

{DEUTERONOMY TWENTY THREE: VERSE THREE/ Deut. 23: 3}

: Edom(aka Esau) & Egypt, ABHOR NOT!

{DEUTERONOMY TWENTY THREE: VERSE SEVEN/ Deut. 23: 7}

The children of Israel, also had learned from Moses, by way of the God of Israel(El-Elohe Israel_אל אלהי ישראל), the manners, in & of, the laws for divorce or separation in marital affairs.

[Deut. 24: 1-4]

- (still) from the film "La'Genese' [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

– (still) from the film “La’Genese‘ [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

An example of the Cḥalïtah; Gen. 38:8, in the story of Judah with his sons & his daughter-in-law, Tamar(widow of Er ben-Yihuda[Er, the son of Judah].

…& more detailed, laws, statutes & commandments, were placed in the midst of the children of Israel, for them to heed to in the divers regulations.  But, with all of these regulations, and adherence to God’s laws, the Hebrews were not to forget about the Amalekites; as eternal enemies.

israel & amalek

(Exod. 17: 16_For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn [that] the LORD [will have] war with Amalek from generation to generation.)

[Deut. 24: 5- 25:19]

RSS#48 (ፈራጆች / שֹׁפְטִים )

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Shoftim – שֹׁפְטִים, on the 6th – ו, & on the 7th – ז, of the month of Elūl – אֱלוּל, in the year of 5779. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2011/7511; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known (in the same sense) as Färájoch – ፈራጆች.  This would calculate as the 2nd – ፪, & on the 3rd – , of the month of Págumæy – .  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 16:18- 21:9

Isaiah 51:12- 52:12

John 1: 19-27

Acts 3: 22-23

shoftim - parsha

This Sabbath study portion; Shoftim-שֹׁפְטִים , (in the Hebrew language, has equivalences to: magistrates[officers] or judges);

(in the Amharic language, the equivalent is plurally: Ferajoch-ፈራጆች; which more than likely could derived from words like: Feraj-ፈራጅ[could be considered as an police officer, or jailer; of the sort, from a modern sense]; also Tefárajተፋራጅ; which could be considered as a judge or magistrate from the modern sense, as well: from the Amharic is equivalent to “one who brings justice.”)

- compilation from betelaustin.net

– compilation from betelaustin.net

So, this Torah portion is at the point where Moses now instructs the children of Israel to set up judges and officers, throughout all of the tribes, whom should utilize just judgments in certain affairs.

[Deut. 16: 18-22]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

In all of the gates that in possession of the children of Israel, no blemished, or defiled thing should be offered as sacrifice/offering to God.  Neither, were the children of Israel to go after(worship) any other gods.  They also were instructed to put evil away from among them.

[Deut. 17: 1-13]

סַנְהֶדְרִין Sanhedrin

סַנְהֶדְרִין
Sanhedrin

A king/ruler was also to be appointed over the children of Israel.  One, whom would not give himself utterly to seek after wealth & riches, or many women to wife(marry), so that his heart be turned away from God; his laws, ordinances, statutes and commandments.  While upon the throne, the king was to write a copy the LAW, set before the priests; wherein he was to read & learn, all the days of his life so that the days of his life be prolonged.  The king was to keep the all the commandments, like anyone else, & not think of himself, as being above any of his brethren, aside from his appointment by God.

[Deut. 17: 14-20]

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

Within the land, the tribe of Levi(Lewi), were to have no inheritance with the children of Israel.  For God, was their portion of the inheritance,  Offerings to God, would partaken on behalf of God, by the priests of the Levites; from among the sacrifices/offerings, would be the “priest’s due.”

[Deut. 18: 1-8]

shoftim - parsha [levites blow the trumpets]

Idolatry & the abominations, were not to be found among the children of Israel, for they were to inherit all nations.

[Deut. 18: 9-14]

God also said to Israel, that he would raise up a Prophet from among them.  The words of his mouth would be of him, and they should take heed.  For, at the mountain of Horeb, they feared the power, the voice and great fire of God, so much that they asked to not see it again, lest they perish.

(see; Deut. 1: 6, Deut. 4: 10, & Deut. 5: 1-21_ God spoke to Israel at Horeb)

(God is a consuming fire: Deut. 4 :24, Heb. 12: 29)

Mount Horeb -

Mount Horeb – הַר חֹרֵב- ተራራ ኮሬብ aka “the Mountain of God/YHWH”

The only for the children of Israel to know if the Prophet was of God, would be for them to verify by a testing of his word.  The testing would come in a criteria that would fit, as follows: 1. his/her, spoken words of prophecy coming to pass(or fulfillment; actualization), 2. he/she, would come in the NAME of God, & 3. if the prophecies followed along the guidelines of the LAW(Torah).

(could also be seen as the coming of the MesHIHa/Messiah)

[Deut. 18: 15-22]

The cities of refuge from within the gates of Israel’s inheritance were to also be set up.  Especially, in the plight of the case of the slayer.  When God was to cut out the wicked nations these cities were to set, to ensure that just judgment were rendered.

[Deut. 19: 1-21]

shoftim - parsha (cities of refuge)

The Law regarding Warfare, was for the children of Israel to fear not, even if their enemies were greater in number or strength; for God would be with them.  The priests were to encourage them, & men who set up houses, or married rather recently not having consecrated their homes or wives, should return or in the extreme, not go off to warfare, for their seeds were to be procured.(as spoken by the officers of Israel)  Israel was to show peace to those who would show themselves peaceful, & go to war against those who would make war with them.  But, they were to utterly destroy the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites and the Jebusites, as God commanded them.

[Deut. 20]

Deut. 20: 2

Deut. 20: 2

An Inquest or judiciary inquiry, in the case of death, of unknown/unaccounted corpse, for one slain in the field; would become the responsibility of the Priesthood to minister for the children of Israel, for they were chosen by God to work in service of Israel.

[Deut. 21:1-9]

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London's Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled "The World's Oldest Tribunal" dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din or Court of the Chief Rabbi.

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London’s Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled “The World’s Oldest Tribunal” dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din [בית דין] or “the house of judgment.”

 

** NOTES FOR FURTHER STUDY: **

– the Hebraic Sanhedrin, & the Beth-Din (Bet Din[House of Judgment]) : Hebrew/Jewish Court Systems; Tribal Court/Tribunal (Black’s Law Dict.) : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beth_din : http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/BetDin.html

Kingdom of Ethiopia {Abyssinia by Ottoman/Muslim empire & other outsiders_also modern connotations adopted by modern Ethiopians} (የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ) kings list : http://www.friesian.com/ethiopia.htm : http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1915&dat=19750322&id=S-sgAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7XEFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2528,3614199

Fəthá Nägäst {Fetha Nagast[Law of the Kings]} http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/biography/01thelawofkings.pdf ; http://www.cap-press.com/pdf/1888.pdf

RSS# 45 (ለመንሁ / וָאֶתְחַנַּן)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of W(v)a’etcḥanan – וָאֶתְחַנַּןon the 15th – טו, & on the 16th – טז, of the month of Ab(v) – אָב,in the year of 5779. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2011/7511;these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Lämänhu – ለመንሁ.  on the 10th – ፲, & on the 11th – ፲፩, of the month of (ወርኀ) of Nähásæy – .  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 3:23- 7:11

Isaiah 40: 1-26

Matthew 23: 31-39

Mark 12: 28-34

 

w(v)aetchanan - parsha2

We begin the second reading of the Book of Deuteronomy, with Moses pleading with God for a chance to see the Land of Promise.  For his disobedience to God at the Rock and Waters of Meribah, where Moses struck the rock instead of sanctifying his name (name of YHWH) in the sight of the children of Israel; God told Moses, he would not enter into the Promised Land; but he would be gathered to his people along with the generation of the wandering in the wilderness.  (Wa’etcḥanan-“& I Pleaded“)

"& I pleaded/besought" _ referenced from [Deut. 3:23]

“& I pleaded/besought” _ referenced from [Deut. 3:23]

Moses knowing that though God favored him in grace, he was still displeased with the Striking of the Rock at the Waters of Meribah.  For his disobedience and the disobedience of the children of Israel that came out of Egypt, during the “Exodus,” he remembers that God said that he, along with that generation would not enter into the Promised Land.

[Deut. 3: 23-27 ]

w(vaerchanan - parsha4

God, instead allows Moses to go up atop Pisgah, & view the land, but God also instructs Moses to encourage Joshua, because he shall lead the children of Israel in to the land.

[Deut. 3: 28 & 29]

Moses charges Joshua to Lead Israel into Canaan [Deut. 3: 28] _ painting by James J. Tissot

Moses charges Joshua to Lead Israel into Canaan  [Deut. 3: 28]  _  painting by James J. Tissot

Moses was also instructed by God to stress the emphasis on keeping God’s laws, statutes, commandments, & judgments that they were taught.  The children of Israel were to hearken to those laws & teach them to their children, also to the following generations.  The children of Israel were to never turn to worship, or the works of the hands(or idols).

[Deut. 4: 1-22]

The children of Israel were instructed to heed of the covenant with God, which they received at Mount Sinai.  Failure to do so would result in the punishments or judgments, for disobedience. (ie; the scattering of the people among many other nations, and serving idol gods, etc.{Duet. 4: 27 & 28})

[Deut. 4: 23-40]

Deut. 4: 26-31 (...the LORD will scatter you among the nations...)

Moses, then set up the Cities of Refuge, which God had command bet put in place.  So, Moses severed three cities: Bezer, in the wilderness, Ramoth, in Gilead, & Golan, in Bashan.

[Deut. 4: 41-49]

w(v)aetchanan - parsha (cities of refuge to Reuben-Gad-Menasseh)deut.4.vrs41-49

& Moses also reminded the children of Israel, of the covenant, which God made with them, while they were at the mountain of Sinai.  Whereas, the Decalogue was iterated to them as apart of the laws, statutes, commandments and judgments, they were to keep & teach to the following generations.

[Deut. 5]

decalogue-stone tablets

All the laws, statutes, commandments and judgments of God, were the children of Israel to learn, & teach to their children.  Even the Word of Witness(or the Shem’a), they were to hear, observe & do; that it would be well with the, and that they would increase in the Land of Promise.

[Deut. 6]

{THE WORD OF WITNESS/the SHEM’A}

waetchanan - parsha [word-of-witness_Amharic]w2 revised2014

& with the Word of Witness, the children of Israel were given, they were also instructed to love God with all their heart, soul, & strength(might).

[Christ said; heart, soul, mind & strength (Mk. 12: 30)]

& they were to love their neighbors, as themselves, having these words not only come from their mouths, but be in their hearts.

(see. Apostles ask CHRIST of the 1st Commandment of all[vr.28], & CHRIST tells the first & second Greatest Commandments.[vrs.29-31]  Mk. 12: 28-34/Brit Ch’adashah-Haddis Kidan)

[Deut. 6: 1-6]

Deuteronomy 6: 7 & 8

When the children of Israel were to come into the land, keeping all of the laws, statutes, commandments, & judgments of God; they were to drive out nations like; the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, & the Jebusites from among them.  The children of Israel were to have dealings with them, as well.

[Deut. 7: 1-11]

* SHABBAT NACHAMU = “Sabbath of Consolation” =שבת  נחמו  *

http://www.jewfaq.org/special.htm#Nachamu

http://www.hebcal.com/holidays/shabbat-nachamu

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_Shabbat#Shabbat_Nachamu