Tag Archives: Temple of Jerusalem

✡ Tisha B’Ab – תשעה באב – (Ninth [9th] of the month of Ab) ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I welcome you all to yet another post here at Ras Tafari Renaissance.   I also thank everyone who has supported the efforts put forth here.  I, Lidj Yefdi, on behalf of Ras Tafari Renaissance, offer the utmost gratitude.

Today, we as Ras Tafari should learn from the happenings of this day in history.  On the Hebraic/Jewish Calendar, today marks the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem & the scattering of the Hebrew people among many other nations.  The Romans, under Titus(Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus) took Jerusalem after a rebellion of the Hebrew people. (70 AD)

Destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem _ painting by James J. Tissot

Destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem _ painting by James J. Tissot

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/110-ab-ninth-day-of

This day is usually set aside by tradition for fasting and mourning, to commemorate the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple by the Chaldeans (586 B.C.) and by the Romans (70); a movable fast falling approximately in the beginning of August of the Gregorian calendar.   II Kings 25: 8, 9;  it is stated that the Temple was burned on the seventh day of the fifth Hebrew month.  Scholars and others note that the tenth day of the fifth month is assigned as the date that comes to a congruent conclusion.  In connection with the fall of Jerusalem there are at least, three other fast-days were established at the same time as the Ninth Day of Ab: these were the Tenth of Tebet, when the siege began; the Seventeenth of Tammuz, when the first breach was made in the wall;

Tisha B'ab [temple destruction by the romans] (70A.D.)

The Book of Lamentations, mourns the destructions of the Temple, & moreover the whole of Jerusalem.  Modern Ashkenazic Jews, read what is called the Kinnot.  The Kinnot, traditionally calls to remembrance the destruction of the 1st & 2nd Temple, as well as the Crusades and the Holocaust.

Tisha Bab - (Siege_of_Jerusalem Map 70 CE[AD])2

(evening)

Ex. 32: 11-14  ;  Ex. 34: 1-10

Isa. 55: 6- 56:8  ;  Lamentations

Mat. 23: 16-23  ;  Mat. 24: 1,2

“…those who mourn for Jerusalem…”

These events led to the disorientation of the Hebrew people, as a whole, but only came because of their disobedience to the Laws, God had for Israel. (ie. idols, corruption-spiritually and morally…)

Readings: for Tisha B’Ab

(morning) –

Deut. 4: 25-40  ; Jer. 8: 13- 9:23

Mat. 3: 11-17

http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/149580/jewish/The-Laws-of-Mourning.htm

Stones excavated from the Western Wall at Jerusalem _ ref. Matt 24: 2; Mark 13: 2; Luke 21: 6

Stones excavated from the Western Wall at Jerusalem _ ref. Matt 24: 2; Mark 13: 2; Luke 21: 6

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Jerusalem_%2870%29

Tisha B'ab flight into (70A.D.-Africa)

*Notes

The questions of the authenticity of certain Jewish/Hebrew people has been a very intricate question, even for those who seem to be the learned in the Hebraic Laws, history & Torah(or the Scriptures); but Ras Tafari Renaissance seeks to aid in the proper education and dissemination of the truth about topics within our reach, by JAH(God)’s grace.

…with that said…

COULD THE DESTRUCTION/SIEGE OF THE TEMPLE OF JERUSALEM, BE A PRECURSOR TO THE VALIDITY IN HISTORY AND FACT, OF HEBRAIC PEOPLES OUTSIDE OF THE MAINSTREAM?

1) Lemba people in South Africa – Malawi – Zimbabwe(respectively)

2) Mizhrahi Jews of Baghdad-Iraqi/Persia-Iranian/India – various other lands(respectively) – [not disregarding the claims of the Indian Jews(Hebrews), but including their numbers within the Mizrahi(Eastern)]

3) Moroccan Jews (most of Spanish/Berber/Iberian descent)

4) Ebo/ Igbo people – Nigerian Jews (some of Moroccan descent)

5) Sephardim= Tingus-African/Spanish/ Moroccan Jews & their descendants

6) Abayudaya people = Uganda

7) Bilad el-Soudan= West African Jews/ Hebrews – various countries (respectively) including the Whydah (Ouidah), Cameroonian (Beth Yeshuroun) & Biafra

8) Beta Israel/ Ethiopian Jews – Falashmura – Qimant

9) Yemenite Jews/Himyarite Hebrews

10) Jews/ Hebrews of Timbuktu (Ghana/Songhai/Mali/Zackor)

11) Cape Verdean/Guinea-Bissauwian = Portuguese/Berber-Jews (IFS Jews)

12) Congolese Jews (Baluba Jews)

13) WaTutsi Jews of Havilah (Rwanda)

14) Kasuku-Kenyan Jews

15) Afro-Austroneasian Jews of Madagascar

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RSS# 44 (የነገራችሁ ቃል ይህ ነው / דְּבָרִים)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of  Deb(v)ârïm – דְּבָרִיםon the 8th – ח, & on the 9th – ט, of the month of Ab(v) – אָב, in the year of 5779. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2011/7511; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as YeNägärâchäw Q’ál Yíh Näw – የነገራችሁ ቃል ይህ ነው, on the 3rd – ፫, & on the 4th – ፬, of the month of (ወርኀ) of Nähásæy – ነሐሴ.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Deuteronomy 1:1- 3:22

Isaiah 1: 1-27

Acts 9: 1-21

I Timothy 3: 1-7

 

 

We’ve come, to the final book of the Torah.  So, we begin this last book of the Scriptures with the words of Moses, as he speak to the children of Israel.

Devarim-Hebrew_OldHBRW-word(from torahtothetribes.com)

Linguistic Study of the Hebrew word Deb(v)arim, [from Paleo HBRW-to-Modern]_ composed by torahtothetribes.com

In the portion of the scriptures Moses, begins to tell the children of Israel, their story which they have lived out since the “Exodus.”(or exit/coming out of Egypt & the wandering in the wilderness)

debarim - parsha2

On the eastern side of the Jordan river, in the plains, Moses spoke on a number of subjects.  Including: the kings of the lands, which sought the destruction of the children of Israel, & how God spoke to him, instructing him to lead the Israel, onward.

painting by James Jaques Tissot

painting by Tissot

Moses, spoke to the children of Israel on how God, blessed & multiplied their numbers, while travailing through the toils of the journey in the wilderness.  He also mentioned how the appointing of the judges(captains, princes/chiefs) of Israel was a significant moment for the children of Israel, seeing as how Moses’, father-in-law, Jethro saw that Moses discerned matters of concern among all of Israel, alone.  From that moment on, Jethro advised Moses by the grace of God, to appoint heads of each tribe, to handle certain matters within certain subjects & to bring the matters of great concern to Moses; for he would be consulted of God on the greater issues of concern for Israel.

[Deut. 1: 9-18]

Moses & Jethro

Moses & Jethro

The murmuring disobedience of the children of Israel, which led to the seemingly endless wandering in the wilderness, was also a topic of discussion from Moses, to the Israelites/Hebrews.

Jethro & Moses

Jethro & Moses

Even with the power of God working in & through, the children of Israel, there were always those that failed to yield to the Word(John 1:1), but God kept Israel, through; upholding the covenants* to the Israel’s forefathers.  Though, from generation-to-generation some had wavered; the promise was Israel’s to keep. (ie. the generations of Caleb ben Jephunneh & Joshua ben Nun)*

Moses-ሙሴ-מושה

Moses-ሙሴ-מושה

While in the wilderness, the children of Israel, encounter many peoples not of their patterns of living.  So, in attempting to peacefully go about their way, the children of Israel, experience strife from others, who seek to send them into disarray.  (for example: the Moabites, Amorites, Midianites, etc…)

[Deut. 2: 1-9 (Moabites)]; [Deut. 2: 10-15 (children of Anak)];

[Deut. 2: 16-23 (Ammonites)]; [Deut. 2: 24-37 (Amorites)]

yitro - parsha [st-moses-the-ethiopian-in-the-temple-raymond-walker]

Even to the king of Bashan, with the battle of Edrei, did the children of Israel triumph in the wilderness over their adversaries.  Upon victory, the children of Israel, gained the lands, cattle, and many other possessions of their enemies and divided all among themselves; so that none of them would want for anything. However, the children of tribes of Reuben, & Gad appealed to Moses and the Princes of Israel for land adequate for the large amounts of cattle they now possessed.  The children of the half-tribe of Manasseh, also laid hold to their inheritance, by way of the Daughters of Zelophehad, who plead for their father’s portion among his brethren.

(for he had no son, to possess his holdings; so be it the Law was made fit for the Daughters, whom were not married, but were bound by lineage to Israel.)

The Allotted Land of Canaan; with suggested dwellings of the Twelve Tribes of Israel's portions

The Allotted Land of Canaan; with suggested dwellings of the Twelve Tribes of Israel‘s portions

✡ Cḥănukkăh (የመቅደስ መታደስ በዓል / חֲנֻכָּה ): Festival of Lights/Feasts of Dedication ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

Our Ras Tafari culture & heritage, gives us a discipline to follow so that we retain, our ancestry, spiritually, mentally & physically.  In continuing our studies and bringing about a progressive consciousness, we here at RRR intend to bring about the education and mores of a commendable community acceptable to its Supreme Being and not deviating from the original or true intent of its humble beginnings.  Staying in the lines of that context and adding onto the elements that make up the Ras Tafari collective mentality of the connectivity of this “way of life” that reflects the combination of religious ideals, community accountability, and reaffirmation reinforcement.

Going forward, we continue our studies in the examination of the original historical events of the past which have been tied to religious tradition, we’ve come now to the celebration of the Cḥănūkăh.

Contrary to the many modern interpretations of this Mōedïm(Appointed Time/Holiday/Holy Day), Ch’anukkah is NOT a western ideological equivalent to “Christmas.”  Throughout the many centuries that have passed since the actual happenings of this significant event, there have been modifications to the recognition of this event.  But, in going bit deeper than what is presented on the surface of available information spread throughout the world today, we find Ch’anukkah to be a shining example and lesson of the struggle for survival of the Hebraic culture & faith.

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _ Seleucid Empire/ Σελεύκεια/ Seleúkeia (310 - 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _   Seleucid Empire/
Σελεύκεια/
Seleúkeia (310 – 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire was established during the time of Alexander the “Great.”  His infantry general, Seleucus I Nicantor, was whom the Empire of the Near East gets its name sake from established tributary dominions in accordance to the Hellenistic Greco period.

coinage of Seleucus I

coinage of Seleucus I

During the reign of Alexander the Great, his armies conquered Syria, Egypt and Palestine, but allowed the lands under his control to continue observing their own religions and retain a certain degree of autonomy. Under this relatively benevolent rule, many Hebraic-Judeans assimilated much of Hellenistic culture(Greek), adopting the language, the customs and the dress of the Greeks, in ways like many immigrants adopt to the country of their newly found domicile upon settlement.

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

More than a century later, one of the four successors of Alexander, Antiochus IV was in control of that region. He began to oppress the Israelites of the region severely, placing a Hellenistic priest in the Temple of Jerusalem, massacring them, prohibiting the practice of the faith as they had centuries before, and desecrating the Temple by requiring the sacrifice not acceptable by the law of YHWH (Hebraic God) taught by Moses on the altar.

chanukah11

This led to outrage for the utter disregard and attempted humiliation of the Israelites of the region.  Two groups then arose and opposed Antiochus: simply a  nationalistic group led by Mattathias the Hasmonean, and his son Judah Maccabee(“the Hammer“), and a religious traditionalist group of that time known as the Chasidim/Chasideans, some interpret them as being the proceeding to the Pharisees (no direct connection to the modern movement known as Chasidic Judaism or Chasidim).

The two groups joined into what would be known as the Maccabean Revolt (16 against both the assimilation of the Hellenistic Jews and oppression by the Seleucid Greek government.) The revolution succeeded and the Temple was in so many words re- consecration.

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Maccabees/Hasmonean (Levites)Levi/Lewi

Essenes/Chasideans (Judahites)Judah

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/7316-hasidaeans

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

 

So, in summation of the events that brought about the commemoration of the Moedim(Hebraically) of the recognition of Ch’anukkah; it is the cognitive celebration over the victory of the religious, traditional, & “heritage keepers” (so, to speak) over the internal subtle subversion, and the external threats of domination.

** SPECIAL NOTES : links **

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/article_cdo/aid/102978/jewish/The-Story-of-Chanukah.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasideans

www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5867-essenes

https://ia801406.us.archive.org/20/items/fivebooksofmacca00cott/fivebooksofmacca00cott.pdf

(Five Apocryphal Books of Maccabees [pdf] Oxford Univ.)

http://www.seleucid-genealogy.com/Home.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucid_Empire

 –  http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/kwanzaa-history

(History Channel – Kwanzaa)

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwanzaa

✡ Tisha B’Ab – תשעה באב – (Ninth [9th] of the month of Ab) ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I welcome you all to yet another post here at Ras Tafari Renaissance.   I also thank everyone who has supported the efforts put forth here.  I, Lidj Yefdi, on behalf of Ras Tafari Renaissance, offer the utmost gratitude.

Today, we as Ras Tafari should learn from the happenings of this day in history.  On the Hebraic/Jewish Calendar, today marks the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem & the scattering of the Hebrew people among many other nations.  The Romans, under Titus(Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus) took Jerusalem after a rebellion of the Hebrew people. (70 AD)

Destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem _ painting by James J. Tissot

Destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem _ painting by James J. Tissot

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/110-ab-ninth-day-of

This day is usually set aside by tradition for fasting and mourning, to commemorate the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple by the Chaldeans (586 B.C.) and by the Romans (70); a movable fast falling approximately in the beginning of August of the Gregorian calendar.   II Kings 25: 8, 9;  it is stated that the Temple was burned on the seventh day of the fifth Hebrew month.  Scholars and others note that the tenth day of the fifth month is assigned as the date that comes to a congruent conclusion.  In connection with the fall of Jerusalem there are at least, three other fast-days were established at the same time as the Ninth Day of Ab: these were the Tenth of Tebet, when the siege began; the Seventeenth of Tammuz, when the first breach was made in the wall;

Tisha B'ab [temple destruction by the romans] (70A.D.)

The Book of Lamentations, mourns the destructions of the Temple, & moreover the whole of Jerusalem.  Modern Ashkenazic Jews, read what is called the Kinnot.  The Kinnot, traditionally calls to remembrance the destruction of the 1st & 2nd Temple, as well as the Crusades and the Holocaust.

Tisha Bab - (Siege_of_Jerusalem Map 70 CE[AD])2

(evening)

Ex. 32: 11-14  ;  Ex. 34: 1-10

Isa. 55: 6- 56:8  ;  Lamentations

Mat. 23: 16-23  ;  Mat. 24: 1,2

“…those who mourn for Jerusalem…”

These events led to the disorientation of the Hebrew people, as a whole, but only came because of their disobedience to the Laws, God had for Israel. (ie. idols, corruption-spiritually and morally…)

Readings: for Tisha B’ab

(morning) –

Deut. 4: 25-40  ; Jer. 8: 13- 9:23

Mat. 3: 11-17

http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/149580/jewish/The-Laws-of-Mourning.htm

Stones excavated from the Western Wall at Jerusalem _ ref. Matt 24: 2; Mark 13: 2; Luke 21: 6

Stones excavated from the Western Wall at Jerusalem _ ref. Matt 24: 2; Mark 13: 2; Luke 21: 6

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Jerusalem_%2870%29

Tisha B'ab flight into (70A.D.-Africa)

*Notes

The questions of the authenticity of certain Jewish/Hebrew people has been a very intricate question, even for those who seem to be the learned in the Hebraic Laws, history & Torah(or the Scriptures); but Ras Tafari Renaissance seeks to aid in the proper education and dissemination of the truth about topics within our reach, by JAH(God)’s grace.

…with that said…

COULD THE DESTRUCTION/SIEGE OF THE TEMPLE OF JERUSALEM, BE A PRECURSOR TO THE VALIDITY IN HISTORY AND FACT, OF HEBRAIC PEOPLES OUTSIDE OF THE MAINSTREAM?

1) Lemba people in South Africa – Malawi – Zimbabwe(respectively)

2) Mizhrahi Jews of Persia/Iran/India – various other lands(respectively) – [not disregarding the claims of the Indian Jews(Hebrews), but including their numbers within the Mizrahi(Eastern)]

3) Moroccan Jews (most of Spanish/Berber/Iberian descent)

4) Ebo/ Igbo people – Nigerian Jews (some of Moroccan descent)

5) Sephardim– Spanish/ Moroccan Jews & their descendants

6) Abayudaya people – Uganda

7) Bilad el-Soudan- West African Jews/ Hebrews – various countries (respectively) including the Whydah (Ouidah) & Biafra

8) Beta Israel/ Ethiopian Jews – Falashmura – Qimant

9) Yemenite Jews/Himyarite Hebrews

10) Jews/ Hebrews of Timbuktu (Ghana/Songhai/Mali)

RSS# 44 (የነገራችሁ ቃል ይህ ነው / דְּבָרִים)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of  Deb(v)ârïm – דְּבָרִיםon the 8th – ח, & on the 9th – ט, of the month of Ab(v) – אָב, in the year of 5778. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2010/7510; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as YeNägärâchäw Q’ál Yíh Näw – የነገራችሁ ቃል ይህ ነው, on the 13th – ፲፫, & on the 14th – ፲፬, of the month of (ወርኀ) of Hämlæy – ሐምሌ.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 1:1- 3:22

Isaiah 1: 1-27

Acts 9: 1-21

I Timothy 3: 1-7

We’ve come, to the final book of the Torah.  So, we begin this last book of the Scriptures with the words of Moses, as he speak to the children of Israel.

Devarim-Hebrew_OldHBRW-word(from torahtothetribes.com)

Linguistic Study of the Hebrew word Deb(v)arim, [from Paleo HBRW-to-Modern]_ composed by torahtothetribes.com

In the portion of the scriptures Moses, begins to tell the children of Israel, their story which they have lived out since the “Exodus.”(or exit/coming out of Egypt & the wandering in the wilderness)

debarim - parsha2

On the eastern side of the Jordan river, in the plains, Moses spoke on a number of subjects.  Including: the kings of the lands, which sought the destruction of the children of Israel, & how God spoke to him, instructing him to lead the Israel, onward.

painting by James Jaques Tissot

painting by Tissot

Moses, spoke to the children of Israel on how God, blessed & multiplied their numbers, while travailing through the toils of the journey in the wilderness.  He also mentioned how the appointing of the judges(captains, princes/chiefs) of Israel was a significant moment for the children of Israel, seeing as how Moses’, father-in-law, Jethro saw that Moses discerned matters of concern among all of Israel, alone.  From that moment on, Jethro advised Moses by the grace of God, to appoint heads of each tribe, to handle certain matters within certain subjects & to bring the matters of great concern to Moses; for he would be consulted of God on the greater issues of concern for Israel.

[Deut. 1: 9-18]

Moses & Jethro

Moses & Jethro

The murmuring disobedience of the children of Israel, which led to the seemingly endless wandering in the wilderness, was also a topic of discussion from Moses, to the Israelites/Hebrews.

Jethro & Moses

Jethro & Moses

Even with the power of God working in & through, the children of Israel, there were always those that failed to yield to the Word(John 1:1), but God kept Israel, through; upholding the covenants* to the Israel’s forefathers.  Though, from generation-to-generation some had wavered; the promise was Israel’s to keep. (ie. the generations of Caleb ben Jephunneh & Joshua ben Nun)*

Moses-ሙሴ-מושה

Moses-ሙሴ-מושה

While in the wilderness, the children of Israel, encounter many peoples not of their patterns of living.  So, in attempting to peacefully go about their way, the children of Israel, experience strife from others, who seek to send them into disarray.  (for example: the Moabites, Amorites, Midianites, etc…)

[Deut. 2: 1-9 (Moabites)]; [Deut. 2: 10-15 (children of Anak)];

[Deut. 2: 16-23 (Ammonites)]; [Deut. 2: 24-37 (Amorites)]

yitro - parsha [st-moses-the-ethiopian-in-the-temple-raymond-walker]

Even to the king of Bashan, with the battle of Edrei, did the children of Israel triumph in the wilderness over their adversaries.  Upon victory, the children of Israel, gained the lands, cattle, and many other possessions of their enemies and divided all among themselves; so that none of them would want for anything. However, the children of tribes of Reuben, & Gad appealed to Moses and the Princes of Israel for land adequate for the large amounts of cattle they now possessed.  The children of the half-tribe of Manasseh, also laid hold to their inheritance, by way of the Daughters of Zelophehad, who plead for their father’s portion among his brethren.

(for he had no son, to possess his holdings; so be it the Law was made fit for the Daughters, whom were not married, but were bound by lineage to Israel.)

The Allotted Land of Canaan; with suggested dwellings of the Twelve Tribes of Israel's portions

The Allotted Land of Canaan; with suggested dwellings of the Twelve Tribes of Israel‘s portions

✡ Cḥănukkăh: Festival of Lights/Feasts of Dedication ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Our Ras Tafari culture & heritage, gives us a discipline to follow so that we retain, our ancestry, spiritually, mentally & physically.  In continuing our studies and bringing about a progressive consciousness, we here at RRR intend to bring about the education and mores of a commendable community acceptable to its Supreme Being and not deviating from the original or true intent of its humble beginnings.  Staying in the lines of that context and adding onto the elements that make up the Ras Tafari collective mentality of the connectivity of this “way of life” that reflects the combination of religious ideals, community accountability, and reaffirmation reinforcement.

Going forward, we continue our studies in the examination of the original historical events of the past which have been tied to religious tradition, we’ve come now to the celebration of the Cḥănūkăh.

Contrary to the many modern interpretations of this Mōedïm(Appointed Time/Holiday/Holy Day), Ch’anukkah is NOT a western ideological equivalent to “Christmas.”  Throughout the many centuries that have passed since the actual happenings of this significant event, there have been modifications to the recognition of this event.  But, in going bit deeper than what is presented on the surface of available information spread throughout the world today, we find Ch’anukkah to be a shining example and lesson of the struggle for survival of the Hebraic culture & faith.

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _ Seleucid Empire/ Σελεύκεια/ Seleúkeia (310 - 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _   Seleucid Empire/
Σελεύκεια/
Seleúkeia (310 – 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire was established during the time of Alexander the “Great.”  His infantry general, Seleucus I Nicantor, was whom the Empire of the Near East gets its name sake from established tributary dominions in accordance to the Hellenistic Greco period.

coinage of Seleucus I

coinage of Seleucus I

During the reign of Alexander the Great, his armies conquered Syria, Egypt and Palestine, but allowed the lands under his control to continue observing their own religions and retain a certain degree of autonomy. Under this relatively benevolent rule, many Hebraic-Judeans assimilated much of Hellenistic culture(Greek), adopting the language, the customs and the dress of the Greeks, in ways like many immigrants adopt to the country of their newly found domicile upon settlement.

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

More than a century later, one of the four successors of Alexander, Antiochus IV was in control of that region. He began to oppress the Israelites of the region severely, placing a Hellenistic priest in the Temple of Jerusalem, massacring them, prohibiting the practice of the faith as they had centuries before, and desecrating the Temple by requiring the sacrifice not acceptable by the law of YHWH (Hebraic God) taught by Moses on the altar.

chanukah11

This led to outrage for the utter disregard and attempted humiliation of the Israelites of the region.  Two groups then arose and opposed Antiochus: simply a  nationalistic group led by Mattathias the Hasmonean, and his son Judah Maccabee(“the Hammer“), and a religious traditionalist group of that time known as the Chasidim/Chasideans, some interpret them as being the proceeding to the Pharisees (no direct connection to the modern movement known as Chasidic Judaism or Chasidim). The two groups joined into what would be known as the Maccabean Revolt (16 against both the assimilation of the Hellenistic Jews and oppression by the Seleucid Greek government.) The revolution succeeded and the Temple was in so many words re- consecration.

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Maccabees/Hasmonean (Levites)Levi/Lewi

Essenes/Chasideans (Judahites)Judah

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/7316-hasidaeans

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

 

So, in summation of the events that brought about the commemoration of the Moedim(Hebraically) of the recognition of Ch’anukkah; it is the cognitive celebration over the victory of the religious, traditional, & “heritage keepers” (so, to speak) over the internal subtle subversion, and the external threats of domination.

** SPECIAL NOTES : links **

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/article_cdo/aid/102978/jewish/The-Story-of-Chanukah.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasideans

www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5867-essenes

https://ia801406.us.archive.org/20/items/fivebooksofmacca00cott/fivebooksofmacca00cott.pdf

(Five Apocryphal Books of Maccabees [pdf] Oxford Univ.)

http://www.seleucid-genealogy.com/Home.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucid_Empire

 –  http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/kwanzaa-history

(History Channel – Kwanzaa)

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwanzaa

✡ Tisha B’Ab – תשעה באב – (Ninth [9th] of the month of Ab) ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to yet another post here at Ras Tafari Renaissance.   I also thank everyone who has supported the efforts put forth here.  I, Lidj Yefdi, on behalf of Ras Tafari Renaissance, offer the utmost gratitude.

Today, we as Ras Tafari should learn from the happenings of this day in history.  On the Hebraic/Jewish Calendar, today marks the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem & the scattering of the Hebrew people among many other nations.  The Romans, under Titus(Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus) took Jerusalem after a rebellion of the Hebrew people. (70 AD)

Destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem _ painting by James J. Tissot

Destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem _ painting by James J. Tissot

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/110-ab-ninth-day-of

This day is usually set aside by tradition for fasting and mourning, to commemorate the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple by the Chaldeans (586 B.C.) and by the Romans (70); a movable fast falling approximately in the beginning of August of the Gregorian calendar.   II Kings 25: 8, 9;  it is stated that the Temple was burned on the seventh day of the fifth Hebrew month.  Scholars and others note that the tenth day of the fifth month is assigned as the date that comes to a congruent conclusion.  In connection with the fall of Jerusalem there are at least, three other fast-days were established at the same time as the Ninth Day of Ab: these were the Tenth of Tebet, when the siege began; the Seventeenth of Tammuz, when the first breach was made in the wall;

Tisha B'ab [temple destruction by the romans] (70A.D.)

The Book of Lamentations, mourns the destructions of the Temple, & moreover the whole of Jerusalem.  Modern Ashkenazic Jews, read what is called the Kinnot.  The Kinnot, traditionally calls to remembrance the destruction of the 1st & 2nd Temple, as well as the Crusades and the Holocaust.

Tisha Bab - (Siege_of_Jerusalem Map 70 CE[AD])2

(evening)

Ex. 32: 11-14  ;  Ex. 34: 1-10

Isa. 55: 6- 56:8  ;  Lamentations

Mat. 23: 16-23  ;  Mat. 24: 1,2

“…those who mourn for Jerusalem…”

These events led to the disorientation of the Hebrew people, as a whole, but only came because of their disobedience to the Laws, God had for Israel. (ie. idols, corruption-spiritually and morally…)

Readings: for Tisha B’ab

(morning) –

Deut. 4: 25-40  ; Jer. 8: 13- 9:23

Mat. 3: 11-17

http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/149580/jewish/The-Laws-of-Mourning.htm

Stones excavated from the Western Wall at Jerusalem _ ref. Matt 24: 2; Mark 13: 2; Luke 21: 6

Stones excavated from the Western Wall at Jerusalem _ ref. Matt 24: 2; Mark 13: 2; Luke 21: 6

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Jerusalem_%2870%29

Tisha B'ab flight into (70A.D.-Africa)

*Notes

The questions of the authenticity of certain Jewish/Hebrew people has been a very intricate question, even for those who seem to be the learned in the Hebraic Laws, history & Torah(or the Scriptures); but Ras Tafari Renaissance seeks to aid in the proper education and dissemination of the truth about topics within our reach, by JAH(God)’s grace.

…with that said…

COULD THE DESTRUCTION/SIEGE OF THE TEMPLE OF JERUSALEM, BE A PRECURSOR TO THE VALIDITY IN HISTORY AND FACT, OF HEBRAIC PEOPLES OUTSIDE OF THE MAINSTREAM?

1) Lemba people in South Africa – Malawi – Zimbabwe(respectively)

2) Mizhrahi Jews of Persia/Iran/India – various other lands(respectively) – [not disregarding the claims of the Indian Jews(Hebrews), but including their numbers within the Mizrahi(Eastern)]

3) Moroccan Jews (most of Spanish/Berber/Iberian descent)

4) Ebo/ Igbo people – Nigerian Jews (some of Moroccan descent)

5) Sephardim- Spanish/ Moroccan Jews & their descendants

6) Abayudaya people – Uganda

7) Bilad el-Soudan- West African Jews/ Hebrews – various countries (respectively) including the Whydah (Ouidah) & Biafra

8) Beta Israel/ Ethiopian Jews – Falashmura – Qimant

9) Yemenite Jews/Himyarite Hebrews

10) Jews/ Hebrews of Timbuktu (Ghana/Songhai/Mali)