Tag Archives: Syria

RSS#7 (ወጥቶ / וַיֵּצֵא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of W(V)aYetz’e – וַיֵּצֵא, on the 8th –  ח, & the 9th – ט, of the month of Kislew(v) – כִּסְלֵוin the year of 5779. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2011/7511 these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as; We’Tito – ወጥቶon the 7th, & the 8th – ፰, of the month of Ch’ədár – ኅዳር.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 28:10 – 32:3

Hosea 12: 13- 14:9

John 1: 19-51

jacobs-world-map-244x275x72

This portion of the Scriptures tells of how Jacob left Canaan, for Haran.  He was told by his parents, Isaac & Rebekah to seek out the people of Rebekah‘s brother, Laban.  But while in route, Jacob fell asleep and was sent a vision from God(YHWH).

[Gen. 28:10-22]

XIV

Jacob, after going off to sleep, had a vision of a ladder that had angels ascending & descending upon it.

wayetze - parsha [jacobs dream of the ladder]

Coming to a well, Jacob met the people of Laban , and his daughter Rachel.  Jacob, later found himself twenty years in dowry to Laban for Rachel, whom he longer for.

(Scripture from the KJV gives the name of the people [of Laban;Bethuel;Rebekah;Sarah&Abraham] as “Syrian(s)“; but, its Masoretic text from the original Hebrew is more accurately “Aram” or “Aramaens“) :

see http://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexImage.cfm?tv=1417200950789&ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aram ; http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=EC6XbOANT04C&pg=PA297&dq=aram+canaan+highlands+lowlands&hl=en&ei=jkTqTcLsBMa78gPX5djDAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC4Q6AEwADge#v=onepage&q=aram%20canaan%20highlands%20lowlands&f=false 

[Gen. 29:1-30]

rachel at the well

Jacob begins to have children and time spends quickly as he has comes to the feeling that returning to his land would be more suitable for his large family and possessions.

[Gen. 30]

Jacob-"Israel"'s children

The wives of Jacob, and their children had cleaved to him, for favor was with Jacob, in the God of his fathers.  So, Jacob gathered his family, cattle and set out to return to his father, Isaac.  Even at the pursuit of Laban, but Laban, could send his blessing for his children, and grandchildren, because God had blessed him since Jacob had come to live among his people.  So the two(Jacob & Laban) made a covenant between each other, because Laban knew that God’s favor was with Jacob.

Jacob's Extended Family Tree (hebrew4christians)-composed at hebrew4christians

wayetze - parsha [Sistine_Chapel_Jacob_and_Rachel]

Upon the birth of his Joseph, Jacob then turned to Laban and set go out from among Laban and his people, seeking to return from where came in Canaan.  Taking all that he had, his wives, children and their belongings he set off for Canaan.

[Gen. 30: 25 – 31:55]

Jacob & Laban's covenant

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RSS #7 (ወጥቶ/ וַיֵּצֵא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with W(V)aYetz’eï – וַיֵּצֵא, on the 6th – ו, & on the 7th – ז, of the month of , in the year of 5778. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2010/7510; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as, Wä’Tito – ወጥቶ; on the 15th – ፲፭, & on the 16th – ፲፮, of the month of Cḥídár – ኅዳር.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 28:10 – 32:3

Hosea 12: 13- 14:9

John 1: 19-51

jacobs-world-map-244x275x72

This portion of the Scriptures tells of how Jacob left Canaan, for Haran.  He was told by his parents, Isaac & Rebekah to seek out the people of Rebekah‘s brother, Laban.  But while in route, Jacob fell asleep and was sent a vision from God(YHWH).

[Gen. 28:10-22]

XIV

Jacob, after going off to sleep, had a vision of a ladder that had angels ascending & descending upon it.

wayetze - parsha [jacobs dream of the ladder]

Coming to a well, Jacob met the people of Laban , and his daughter Rachel.  Jacob, later found himself twenty years in dowry to Laban for Rachel, whom he longer for.

(Scripture from the KJV gives the name of the people [of Laban;Bethuel;Rebekah;Sarah&Abraham] as “Syrian(s)“; but, its Masoretic text from the original Hebrew is more accurately “Aram” or “Aramaens“) : see ;

rachel at the well

[Gen. 29:1-30]

Jacob begins to have children and time spends quickly as he has comes to the feeling that returning to his land would be more suitable for his large family and possessions.

[Gen. 30]

Jacob-"Israel"'s children

The wives of Jacob, and their children had cleaved to him, for favor was with Jacob, in the God of his fathers.  So, Jacob gathered his family, cattle and set out to return to his father, Isaac.  Even at the pursuit of Laban, but Laban, could send his blessing for his children, and grandchildren, because God had blessed him since Jacob had come to live among his people.  So the two(Jacob & Laban) made a covenant between each other, because Laban knew that God’s favor was with Jacob.

Jacob's Extended Family Tree (hebrew4christians)-composed at hebrew4christians

wayetze - parsha [Sistine_Chapel_Jacob_and_Rachel]

Upon the birth of his Joseph, Jacob then turned to Laban and set go out from among Laban and his people, seeking to return from where came in Canaan.  Taking all that he had, his wives, children and their belongings he set off for Canaan.

[Gen. 30: 25 – 31:55]

Jacob & Laban's covenant

RSS #9 ([በኖረበት] ተቀመጠ/וַיֵּשֶׁב)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (or Yefdeyah).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with W(V)aYeshe(v)b – וַיֵּשֶׁב.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5777, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 23rd – כג, & on the 24th – כד, of the month of Kislew(v) – כִּסְלֵו, for this week, in this mode of study;  for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2009/2029/7509, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 13th – ፲፫, & the 14th – ፲፬, of the month of Tah’sas – ታኅሣሥ.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as TeQ’emeT’e – ተቀመጠThe Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 37:1 – 40:23

Amos 2:6 – 3:8

Matthew 1:1-6 ; (same chapter: verses 16-25)

This kifil(portion) of the study of the Scriptures, deals with the stories of the lives of the B’nei Ysrael(or the sons of Israel-Jacob).

B'nei Yshrael-B'nei Yaakob (Twelve Sons of Jacob-Israel)

…each of them having a particular situation they had to deal with, in specific intervals of time, in their lives…

For instance, from the past parsha/kifil(portion), of W(V)ayishlaKH’-Lake’, Simeon & Levi, Jacob-Israel‘s sons by Leah, slew the Shechemites for the rape of their sister, Dinah.

wayishlech - parsha [simeon-and-levi-slay-the-shechemites]

Reuben, later violated his father, and his wife Bilhah, by sleeping with her in the depth of the night, while she thought that it was her husband. (so the firstborn, not only violated his father, but his birthright as well)

Benjamin, the youngest, is born of Jacob-Israel‘s wife, Rachel, but his birth goes “hand-in-hand” with Rachel‘s passing. (leaving him as the “baby of the family” & attracting much of Jacob‘s attention)

Now, in this portion of the study, Jacob-Israel settled in the land of Canaan.  While in Canaan, Joseph, Jacob-Israel‘s elder son of Rachel, is adorned by his father with a beautiful coat with an array of colors and designs.  The love, Joseph received from his father evoked the jealousy of his brothers, & the ability to tune into the dreams and visions, which God continued to send him, did no better for Joseph, pertaining to his brother’s envy.

[Gen. 37: 1-11]

wayesheb - parsha [rock stone (jacobs pillar) bethel]

Joseph‘s brothers were in Shechem feeding their flocks, & Jacob sent Joseph, to join them.  But, because of their envy, Joseph’s brothers sought an opportunity and plotted against him(Joseph), to the point that they considered killing him.

[Gen. 37: 12-24]

the Ishmaelites

the Ishmaelites

But, because the other sons of Jacob-Israel, had not found their brother Joseph in the place where they left him, which was a pit with no water.  Then the other brother, made a story to tell their father that their brother was killed by a wild beast, for they wished not to tell Jacob-Israel, that they plotted rid themselves of their brother, for they were envious of him.

[Gen. 37: 25-36]

Now, in an interim, from the story of Joseph; his brother, Judah marries a Canaanite woman, whom was the daughter of Shua.  The daughter of Shua bore Judah, three sons: Er, Onan &, Shelah.  After the disobedience and deaths of the first two sons, Judah was left to care for his daughter-in-law, Tamar, whom had married his firstborn son, ErOnan, was to take on responsibility of being the caretaker, & his brother’s keeper, in the matters of his sister-in-law, Tamar, but he(Onan) rejected the responsibility; & provoked God to punish him.  So, Judah, as her(Tamar) father-in-law, proposed that she return to her family, & await until Shelah; Judah‘s youngest was to come of age, so that he may assume the position of being his brother’s keeper.

Shelah grew, but he was not given to Tamar, for a husband.  So, she plotted to make Judah acknowledge that he had wronged her, in that his arrangement, responsibility, & commitment to her as a father-in-law, had not been kept.

[Gen. 38]

- (still) from the film "La'Genese' [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

(still) from the film “La’Genese‘ [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

So, returning to Joseph‘s story; he ends up in Egypt, as a servant to Potiphar, a captain of the Egyptian guardJoseph, while in servitude, is blessed by God that even the Egyptians sense that there is something special about him.  Joseph finds himself in charge of the many things that someone of his status just hadn’t been able to attain.  But, of course, a challenge to his continued success was inevitable.  So, the wife of Potiphar, is enamored by Joseph, & continuously tried to persuade him to sleep with her: but, he resisted her, every time.  But, in one instance, Potiphar was on leave from his home leaving Joseph in charge of all that he had.  Potiphar, trusting Joseph, but Potiphar‘s wife, saw a chance to seize the opportunity to get Joseph all to herself.  Joseph, again refused her, but she forced herself upon him, to the point that he had to flee from her, leaving his garment in her hand.  She being ashamed & angered at Joseph, made false accusations, but turned the words in Potiphar‘s guards and Potiphar‘s ears so that Joseph, found himself in the prisons of Egypt, for betrayal, among other accusations.

[Gen. 39: 1-23]

Potiphar incarcerates Yosef(Joseph) for the accusations of his wife.

Potiphar incarcerates Yosef(Joseph) for the accusations of his wife.

But, while in prison, Joseph is still favored by God, for staying steadfast even in the midst of his adversity; he receives the responsibility that not many would’ve as a prisoner, interpreting dreams and visions, like the ones he had as a child in the land of Canaan.

[Gen. 40: 1-23]

wayesheb - parsha [Joseph in prison]B

**Notes: References**

film _ “Lá Gènésê

[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJC8pcuLsWU&w=560&h=315]

RSS #7 (ወጥቶ/וַיֵּצֵא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (or Yefdeyah).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with W(V)aYetz’e – וַיֵּצֵא.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5777, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 10th – י, & on the 11th – יא, of the month of Kislew(v) – כִּסְלֵו, for this week, in this mode of study;  for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2009/2029/7509, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 30th – ፴, of the (ወርኀ)month of Cḥídâr – ኅዳር [ሕዳር/ህዳር] & on the 1st – ፩, of the month of Tah’sas – ታኅሣሥ.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Wä’Tito – ወጥቶ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 28:10 – 32:3

Hosea 12: 13- 14:9

John 1: 19-51

jacobs-world-map-244x275x72

This portion of the Scriptures tells of how Jacob left Canaan, for Haran.  He was told by his parents, Isaac & Rebekah to seek out the people of Rebekah‘s brother, Laban.  But while in route, Jacob fell asleep and was sent a vision from God(YHWH).

[Gen. 28:10-22]

XIV

Jacob, after going off to sleep, had a vision of a ladder that had angels ascending & descending upon it.

wayetze - parsha [jacobs dream of the ladder]

Coming to a well, Jacob met the people of Laban , and his daughter Rachel.  Jacob, later found himself twenty years in dowry to Laban for Rachel, whom he longer for.

(Scripture from the KJV gives the name of the people [of Laban;Bethuel;Rebekah;Sarah&Abraham] as “Syrian(s)“; but, its Masoretic text from the original Hebrew is more accurately “Aram” or “Aramaens“) : see http://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexImage.cfm?tv=1417200950789&ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aram ; http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=EC6XbOANT04C&pg=PA297&dq=aram+canaan+highlands+lowlands&hl=en&ei=jkTqTcLsBMa78gPX5djDAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC4Q6AEwADge#v=onepage&q=aram%20canaan%20highlands%20lowlands&f=false 

[Gen. 29:1-30]

rachel at the well

Jacob begins to have children and time spends quickly as he has comes to the feeling that returning to his land would be more suitable for his large family and possessions.

[Gen. 30]

Jacob-"Israel"'s children

The wives of Jacob, and their children had cleaved to him, for favor was with Jacob, in the God of his fathers.  So, Jacob gathered his family, cattle and set out to return to his father, Isaac.  Even at the pursuit of Laban, but Laban, could send his blessing for his children, and grandchildren, because God had blessed him since Jacob had come to live among his people.  So the two(Jacob & Laban) made a covenant between each other, because Laban knew that God’s favor was with Jacob.

Jacob's Extended Family Tree (hebrew4christians)-composed at hebrew4christians

wayetze - parsha [Sistine_Chapel_Jacob_and_Rachel]

Upon the birth of his Joseph, Jacob then turned to Laban and set go out from among Laban and his people, seeking to return from where came in Canaan.  Taking all that he had, his wives, children and their belongings he set off for Canaan.

[Gen. 30: 25 – 31:55]

Jacob & Laban's covenant

RSS #3 (ተለይተህ ወጣ/לֶךְ-לְךָ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (or Yefdeyah).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with Lecḥ Lecḥá – לֶךְ-לְךָ .  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5777, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 10th – י , & the 11th יא, of the month of Cḥeshw(v)an – חֶשְׁוָן, [this Hebraic month is also known as; Mar’Cḥeshw(v)an – מַרְחֶשְׁוָן, for this week, in this mode of study;  for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2009/2029/7509, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 2nd – ፪, & the 3rd – ፫,  of the (ወርኀ)month of Cḥídâr – ኅዳር [ሕዳር/ህዳር].  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Tӓlӓytӓ Wӓṭăh – ተለይተህ ወጣThe Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 12:1 – 17:27

Isaiah 40:27 – 41:16

Romans 4: 1-25

Leaving off with descendants of Noah, from the last portion of the Scripture studies, LeKH’ LeKH’a-לֶךְ-לְךָ is the set of readings for this Sabbath.

Abram of Ur, in Chaldea, a descendant of Noah, was spoken to by God.

[Gen. 12:1]

Ur(Chaldea), near the Euphrates & Tigiris rivers.

Abram, was told by God to leave his country and people, in Chaldea.  So Abram, left with Sarai(his wife), and Lot(his nephew) traveled south.  God sought to bless Abram, exceedingly.

[Gen. 12: 2-10]

Gen. 12:2 ; Gen.15:5

Famine in those lands took Abram to Egypt, where passed off his wife, as his sister; for he feared he would be killed because of her beauty, in the sight of the Egyptians.

lech lecha - parsha (abrmcov)

 But, because of her beauty Pharaoh sought to entreat her, for he sought to make her a wife of his.  But, his mind was plagued because of Sarai(Abram’s wife).  So much so, that he confronted Abram about the situation and ended up sending on their way peacefully, with quite hefty caravan.

[Gen. 12: 10-20]

Abram's caravan leaving Egypt _ painting by James Tissot (1890's circa)

Abraham’s Caravan _ painting by James J. Tissot

While in Egypt, Abram and his family acquired very much, in riches.  But, if got to the point where there was strife among them, (within their camps).  Lot(Abram’s nephew) and Abram, consolidated to negotiate not to struggle with each other for there was so much land, that they need not quarrel over anything.

[Gen. 13: 1-12]

But, the men of Sodom, near where Abram had made a place for him cattle, herds, and possessions were a wicked and distasteful people.  Wickedness abounded so much so, to the point that Abram separated himself from among them, at Mamre, in Hebron.

[Gen. 13: 13-18]

The Three Altars of Abraham

War, in those days, between many kings of many nations, brought Sodom & Gomorrah to an expected destruction.

[Gen. 14: 1-24]

Melchizedeq

Fortunately, Abram was able to bring Lot out, just before meeting Melchizedek; the king of Salem.

Santa Pollinare Mosaic - Order of Melchizedek

Abram, was then blessed by God, in that by his wife Sarai, who was barren, would give birth to a son. (even in their old age)  Abram was given vision by God, that his seed would be innumerable, for he would be the father of many nations.  God instructed Abram, to make offerings, he did it & guarded it.

[Gen. 15: 1-11]

lech lecha - parsha [Tissot_Abram_Guarding_His_Sacrifice]

Then Abram had visions of the future generations of his to come.

[Gen. 15: 12-21]

Sarai, feeling as though she had been restrained by God from bearing any children, gave Abram, her maid, Hagar(Agar), who was an Egyptian, in attempt beget children of AbramHagar, conceived of Abram, but saw Sarai, differently afterwards. (by contempt)  Sarai, then feeling as though she brought about strife in Abram‘s house, she brought the plight to Abram, and wanted Abram to put her away.  God, complied because he sought to make the child of Hagar & Abram, a mighty nations of his own. (his name would be Ishmael)

[Gen. 16: 1-16]

Hagar & Isma'il (ibn Ibrahim)

Between Abram & God, was a covenant made: for he would the father of many nations, and be fruitful exceedingly, kings would be from him, the land between the two rivers would be of his possession, & the land of Canaan would be for an everlasting possession, his seed shall circumcise their flesh(males); also he & his wife would have new names.  Instead of Abram, his name would be Abraham & instead of Sarai, her name would be Sarah.

Abraham would also have a son, which he would name Isaac, his son Ishmael would grow to be a mighty nation.

[Gen. 17: 1-21]

And, these were the facets that made up, what is known as the Abraham Covenant

** Notes: **

further study

– Galatians 4:21 -5:1

– Hebrews 7

✡ Cḥănukkăh(חֲנֻכָּה): Feast of Lights ☩ MäQdäs Mätădäs Be’ăl(መቅደስ መታደስ በዓል): Feast of Dedication ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

Our Ras Tafari culture & heritage, gives us a discipline to follow so that we retain, our ancestry, spiritually, mentally & physically.  In continuing our studies and bringing about a progressive consciousness, we here at RRR intend to bring about the education and mores of a commendable community acceptable to its Supreme Being and not deviating from the original or true intent of its humble beginnings.  Staying in the lines of that context and adding onto the elements that make up the Ras Tafari collective mentality of the connectivity of this “way of life” that reflects the combination of religious ideals, community accountability, and reaffirmation reinforcement.

Going forward, we continue our studies in the examination of the original historical events of the past which have been tied to religious tradition, we’ve come now to the celebration of the Cḥănūkăh.

antique menorah in alhambra (moorish spain)

Contrary to the many modern interpretations of this Mōedïm(Appointed Time/Holiday/Holy Day), Ch’anukkah is NOT a western ideological equivalent to “Christmas.”  Throughout many centuries that have passed since the actual happenings of this significant event, there have been modifications to the recognition of the events that took place during this time of year.  But, in going a bit deeper than what is presented on the surface of available information spread throughout the world today, we find Ch’anukkah to be a shining example and lesson of the struggle for survival of the Hebraic culture & faith.

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _ Seleucid Empire/ Σελεύκεια/ Seleúkeia (310 - 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _   Seleucid Empire/
Σελεύκεια/
Seleúkeia (310 – 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire was established during the time of Alexander the “Great.”  His infantry general, Seleucus I Nicantor, was whom the Empire of the Near East gets its name sake from established tributary dominions in accordance to the Hellenistic Greco period.

coinage of Seleucus I

coinage of Seleucus I

During the reign of Alexander the Great, his armies conquered Syria, Egypt and Palestine, but allowed the lands under his control to continue observing their own religions and retain a certain degree of autonomy. Under this relatively benevolent rule, many Hebraic-Judeans assimilated much of Hellenistic culture(Greek), adopting the language, the customs and the dress of the Greeks, in ways like many immigrants adopt to the country of their newly found domicile upon settlement.

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

More than a century later, one of the four successors of Alexander, Antiochus IV was in control of that region. He began to oppress the Israelites of the region severely, placing a Hellenistic priest in the Temple of Jerusalem, massacring them, prohibiting the practice of the faith as they had centuries before, and desecrating the Temple by requiring the sacrifice not acceptable by the law of YHWH (Hebraic God) taught by Moses on the altar.

chanukah11

This led to outrage for the utter disregard and attempted humiliation of the Israelites of the region.  Two groups then arose and opposed Antiochus: simply a  nationalistic group led by Matthias the Hasmonean, and his son Judah Maccabi or otherwised pronounced/written as Maccabee/Makkabee (“the Hammer“), and a religious traditionalist group of that time known as the Chasidim/Chasideans, some interpret them as being the proceeding to the Pharisees (no direct connection to the modern movement known as Chasidic Judaism or Chasidim). The two groups joined into what would be known as the Maccabean Revolt (against both the assimilation of the Hellenistic Jews and oppression by the Seleucid-Greek government.) The revolution succeeded and the Temple was in so many words re- consecrated.

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Maccabees/Hasmonean (Levites)Levi/Lewi

Essenes/Chasideans (Judhites)Judah

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/7316-hasidaeans

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

So, in summation of the events that brought about the commemoration of the Moedim(Hebraically) of the recognition of Ch’anukkah; it is the cognitive celebration over the victory of the religious, traditional, & heritage keepers over the internal subtle subversion, and the external threats of dominance.

falasha anthology _ by Wolf Laslau3

chanukkah - readings (2015-16)Chanukkah - Book of Maccabees - Falasha Anthology by Wolf Leslau

Maccabean Revolters _ Levites

Maccabean Revolters _ Levites

I know, I know (fuzzy) but I moved my big ginger out of the way this time. LOL

I know, I know (fuzzy) but I moved my big finger out of the way this time. LOL

** SPECIAL NOTES : links **

Ch’anukkah Blessings (w/ soundbytes)

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Blessings/Holiday_Blessings/Chanukah_Blessings/BerachotChanukah.pdf
(Hebrew-Yiddish [pdf] “Ch’anukkah Blessings“)

Falasha Anthology _ by Wolf Leslau

(full text [pdf] form link above)

– The Apocryphal Books of the Holy Bible (KJV)1611 A.D.

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/article_cdo/aid/102978/jewish/The-Story-of-Chanukah.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasideans

www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5867-essenes

https://ia801406.us.archive.org/20/items/fivebooksofmacca00cott/fivebooksofmacca00cott.pdf

(Five Apocryphal Books of Maccabees [pdf] Oxford Univ.)

http://www.seleucid-genealogy.com/Home.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucid_Empire

 –  http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/kwanzaa-history

(History Channel – Kwanzaa)

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwanzaa

9th RSS# (፱/ט) Portion Study

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to a new regenartion of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with W(V)aYeshe(v)b – וַיֵּשֶׁב.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5776, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 22nd – כב, & the 23rd – כג, of the month of Kislew(v) – כִּסְלֵו, for this week, in this mode of study; for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2008/2028/7508, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 24th – ፳፬, & the 25th – ፳፭,  of the (ወርኀ)month of Ch’ədár – ኅዳር.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as TeQ’emeT’e – ተቀመጠThe Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 37:1 – 40:23

Amos 2:6 – 3:8

Matthew 1:1-6 ; (same chapter: verses 16-25)

This kifil(portion) of the study of the Scriptures, deals with the stories of the lives of the B’nei Ysrael(or the sons of Israel-Jacob).

B'nei Yshrael-B'nei Yaakob (Twelve Sons of Jacob-Israel)

…each of them having a particular situation they had to deal with, in specific intervals of time, in their lives…

For instance, from the past parsha/kifil(portion), of W(V)ayishlaKH’-Lake’, Simeon & Levi, Jacob-Israel‘s sons by Leah, slew the Shechemites for the rape of their sister, Dinah.

wayishlech - parsha [simeon-and-levi-slay-the-shechemites]

Reuben, later violated his father, and his wife Bilhah, by sleeping with her in the depth of the night, while she thought that it was her husband. (so the firstborn, not only violated his father, but his birthright as well)

Benjamin, the youngest, is born of Jacob-Israel‘s wife, Rachel, but his birth goes “hand-in-hand” with Rachel‘s passing. (leaving him as the “baby of the family” & attracting much of Jacob‘s attention)

Now, in this portion of the study, Jacob-Israel settled in the land of Canaan.  While in Canaan, Joseph, Jacob-Israel‘s elder son of Rachel, is adorned by his father with a beautiful coat with an array of colors and designs.  The love, Joseph received from his father evoked the jealousy of his brothers, & the ability to tune into the dreams and visions, which God continued to send him, did no better for Joseph, pertaining to his brother’s envy.

[Gen. 37: 1-11]

wayesheb - parsha [rock stone (jacobs pillar) bethel]

Joseph‘s brothers were in Shechem feeding their flocks, & Jacob sent Joseph, to join them.  But, because of their envy, Joseph’s brothers sought an opportunity and plotted against him(Joseph), to the point that they considered killing him.

[Gen. 37: 12-24]

the Ishmaelites

the Ishmaelites

But, because the other sons of Jacob-Israel, had not found their brother Joseph in the place where they left him, which was a pit with no water.  Then the other brother, made a story to tell their father that their brother was killed by a wild beast, for they wished not to tell Jacob-Israel, that they plotted rid themselves of their brother, for they were envious of him.

[Gen. 37: 25-36]

Now, in an interim, from the story of Joseph; his brother, Judah marries a Canaanite woman, whom was the daughter of Shua.  The daughter of Shua bore Judah, three sons: Er, Onan &, Shelah.  After the disobedience and deaths of the first two sons, Judah was left to care for his daughter-in-law, Tamar, whom had married his firstborn son, ErOnan, was to take on responsibility of being the caretaker, & his brother’s keeper, in the matters of his sister-in-law, Tamar, but he(Onan) rejected the responsibility; & provoked God to punish him.  So, Judah, as her(Tamar) father-in-law, proposed that she return to her family, & await until Shelah; Judah‘s youngest was to come of age, so that he may assume the position of being his brother’s keeper.

Shelah grew, but he was not given to Tamar, for a husband.  So, she plotted to make Judah acknowledge that he had wronged her, in that his arrangement, responsibility, & commitment to her as a father-in-law, had not been kept.

[Gen. 38]

- (still) from the film "La'Genese' [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

(still) from the film “La’Genese‘ [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

So, returning to Joseph‘s story; he ends up in Egypt, as a servant to Potiphar, a captain of the Egyptian guardJoseph, while in servitude, is blessed by God that even the Egyptians sense that there is something special about him.  Joseph finds himself in charge of the many things that someone of his status just hadn’t been able to attain.  But, of course, a challenge to his continued success was inevitable.  So, the wife of Potiphar, is enamored by Joseph, & continuously tried to persuade him to sleep with her: but, he resisted her, every time.  But, in one instance, Potiphar was on leave from his home leaving Joseph in charge of all that he had.  Potiphar, trusting Joseph, but Potiphar‘s wife, saw a chance to seize the opportunity to get Joseph all to herself.  Joseph, again refused her, but she forced herself upon him, to the point that he had to flee from her, leaving his garment in her hand.  She being ashamed & angered at Joseph, made false accusations, but turned the words in Potiphar‘s guards and Potiphar‘s ears so that Joseph, found himself in the prisons of Egypt, for betrayal, among other accusations.

[Gen. 39: 1-23]

Potiphar incarcerates Yosef(Joseph) for the accusations of his wife.

Potiphar incarcerates Yosef(Joseph) for the accusations of his wife.

But, while in prison, Joseph is still favored by God, for staying steadfast even in the midst of his adversity; he receives the responsibility that not many would’ve as a prisoner, interpreting dreams and visions, like the ones he had as a child in the land of Canaan.

[Gen. 40: 1-23]

wayesheb - parsha [Joseph in prison]

**Notes: References**

film _ “Lá Gènésê

[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJC8pcuLsWU&w=560&h=315]