Tag Archives: prophecy

“Gong” Day – Leonard P. Howell

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to yet another post here on Ras Tafari Renaissance! Today, we acknowledge the birth as a memorial to whom is known as the “First Rasta.”  Leonard Percival Howell, known to the world or those who knew him personally one of the first proclaimers of Ras Tafari or Christ in His Kingly Character.

Born June 16, 1898, in May Crawle River village, Jamaica; the oldest of ten, to Clarence Theophilus & Clementina; a cultivator and a agricultural laborer, respectively.  Howell’s story can seriously help many people from around understand the movement of Ras Tafari, more precisely.  This instance being one that is very much overlooked more times than not.  Howell reportedly left Jamaica early in his youth, traveling to many places gaining an understanding that few of his birthplace and few ever, gain in a lifetime.  Like many in Jamaica at that time, the people found themselves because of historical disposition, in adherence to many Anglican principles.  Howell and his family being in that number, but unawares of the desires and destiny to be set in motion.

Howell’s exposure became more grandeur when he began to work as a seaman as part of a Jamaican contingent sent to Panama, during World War I (WWI).  Howell then found himself traveling from time-to-time between Jamaica, Panama, the United States (New York City, specifically) utilizing his knowledge and skillset to further his endeavors in agricultural cultivation and distribution.  Howell also made subtle trips to Europe and among other places, as well.


These experiences then began to expose him other schools of thought while congregating with other people from other walks of life.  Howell is suspected to have been exposed to the philosophies and opinions of Marcus Mosiah Garvey while traveling to and fro, in between the Americas.  Communism, Marxism, Pan-Africanism, these are just some of the schools of thought that Howell was expected to have been exposed to while on his travels, according documenter Helene Lee and others.  Howell also married a woman named Tyneth.  Upon his return to Jamaica in whelms of the rising of a young king to the status Emperor of an empire in Africa, Howell had been inspired to take action on the influences he’d been experiencing for some time.  When Howell returned to Jamaica in 1932, two years after Haile Selassie I was crowned emperor of Ethiopia, he began holding public meetings, fusing all that he’d learned abroad with local ideas. His worldliness and gifts as a speaker not only attracted Jamaica’s underclass, they gained him the attention of local authorities.

Leonard with wife Tyneth, circa 1930

During his time in New York, he joined fellow Jamaican, Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), founded in 1914.  But, while Howell was clearly influenced by Garvey’s thinking, so much so that Garvey is often mistakenly identified as the founder of Ras Tafari; it is fairly unknown that Howell had a mixed relationship with Garvey, a Roman Catholic Christian, who later criticized Emperor Haile Sellassie I & the Ras Tafari movement in a negative light.  A criticism which earned him a stern rebuttal by the Dr. Melaku E. Bayen, who lead the movement also in Harlem and other parts of the US, which would become the Ethiopian World Federation, Inc., founded in NYC in 1937.Howell’s first public articulation of the divinity of Haile Selassie occurred in January 1933. This first open deification, which proclaimed the Emperor of Ethiopia to be the incarnation of God, took place at “Redemption Ground” in Kingston but was not successful in gaining converts.

Leonard P. Howell (Ras Tafari’s first proclaimer)

Among his followers, Howell preferred being called Gangunguru Maragh or G.G. Maragh to distinguish his ritual, mystical personality from his secular identity. Howell’s ritual name is thought to be a combination of three Hindi words – gyan (wisdom), gun (virtue or talent), and guru (teacher). In Hindi, Maragh means “great kings” or “king of kings.”[6] Howell used this name as a pseudonym when he published The Promised Key.


Even amidst many struggles with the Jamaican government Howell started and establishment which was dubbed “Pinnacle.” But, for his teachings of black power and denunciation of colonial rule, for created the first Rastafarian village in Jamaica at Sligoville, St. Catherine in 1940. The settlement called “Pinnacle” due to its high hilltop elevation and was symbolically located in the first free village established to house former slaves in Jamaica. Pinnacle was one of the country’s first self-sustaining communities, which was intended outcome all the while.  Its community members were able to meet their needs without dependence on outside resources.  Some refer to Pinnacle as a commune, in which Howell’s form of socialism was practiced.  After Pinnacle’s foundation, other similar Rastafarian communities were established across the country. Pinnacle was especially known for the cultivation of cannabis (marijuana) that has religious significance for Rastafarians.

In efforts to shut down Howell and his followers, police raided Howell’s community of Pinnacle multiple times and labeled the community a “communist experiment” in 1941. Just one year after the creation of the settlement, government forces infiltrated and arrested many of Howell’s followers. After escaping immediate arrest, Howell was eventually arrested and tried once again for sedition and consequently was faced with two more years behind bars. Upon his release in 1943, he returned to Pinnacle once again.[20] Howell hired guards and brought in watch dogs to protect Pinnacle from future attacks.

The police raided Pinnacle several more times in the 1950s. In 1954, militia invaded the community and almost completely destroyed the village. Even after this mass destruction, settlers returned, though the settlement was never restored to its previous thriving state. During a final raid in 1958, the police cleared out the remaining residents completely. Despite its ultimate destruction, the impact of the settlement made it legendary among other settlements around the country, who were observed to have been “miniature Pinnacles.”

Howell still to this day doesn’t receive the just do of recognition he earned as one of the most prolific peoples of African descent in the Western Hemisphere & that must change.

40th Kifil Study: Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,


So, with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied either the Torah portion of Bálák-בָּלָק, from the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the year 5774 year, this Sabbath day would probably be accounted for as the 6th-ו, & the 7th-ז, of the month of Támmuz-תמוז.  (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as BáláQ-ባላቅ.  This would calculate as the 27th-፳፯, & the 28th-፳፰, of the month(ወርኀ) of Seney’-ሰኔ. The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ).


Numbers 22: 2 – 25:9

Micah 5:6 – 6:8

Romans 11: 25-32

As we go forward in our studies, this Sabbath study, Israel after conquest had grown strong in the plain of Moab.  A king of Moab, who’s name was Balak, had seen what the children of Israel did to their adversaries in the habitations that were adjacent to his dominion.

[Numb. 22: 2-4]

-accredited to hebrew4christians.com site

-accredited to hebrew4christians.com site


King Balak, then sent messengers to a known “sorcerer“, or man of secret knowledge, whom wasn’t an Israelite; his name was called BalaamBalak devised a plan to have the children of Israel cursed; for they grew strong, the king and the people of Moab feared Israel.   So, it seemed to Balak, that if somehow he could have the children of Israel diverted from their focus then, they could be defeated and driven out of the lands, which they had now possessed.

[Numb. 22: 5-6]

balak - parsha [Moses-transjordan-1250]

The elders of Moab, along with the elders of Midian, together plotted against the children of Israel.  As messengers of Balak, the king of Moab, willing to compensate, for this endeavor, they went to Balaam, in a place called Pethor to present the words of Balak.

[Numb. 22: 7]

Midian & Moab, conspire against Israel _ [Numb. 22:4]

Midian & Moab, conspire against Israel _ [Numb. 22:4]

So, Balaam’s take is cordial with the king of Moab’s messengers & he welcomes them to stay the night, while he utilizes some time, to deliberate with God, whether the children of Israel could be cursed, & how to go about doing so.  God(YHWH), comes to Balaam, in a dream, and speaks with him about the men, who have come to him, & for what purpose.  Balaam says to God, that the men are of, Balak-king of Moab, and they sought him to curse the children of Israel.  After consultation with God, Balaam is not permitted to curse the children of Israel, nor to go with the messengers of Balak to Moab.  The next morning, Balaam tells the messengers that he cannot curse Israel nor go with them to the king; for God refused.  The messengers returned to Moab, and told the king, Balak, the news and the reasoning thereof.

[Numb. 22: 8-14]

But, Balak was persistent of Balaam to grant his request, so Balak sent others nobles of his influence to further persuade Balaam to Moab.  Balak offered Balaam, honour of distinction within his kingdom, but Balaam refused a second time; not budging a inch,  unwilling to incline his ear to the possible gifts of gold & silver, in abundance.

Balaam, to the messenger/nobles(servants) of Balak,

“…If Balak would give me his house

full of silver and gold, I cannot go beyond

the word of the LORD my God, to do less or more…”

[Numb. 22: 18]

Though, with his mind already made up about the situation, which Balak was in high pursuit of, Balaam gives a place to rest for the messengers sent by Balak, for a second night.  In that night, God spoke with Balaam once more saying; if the men of Balak call for you to travel with them, go with them to Balak in Moab.  But, Balaam rose up in the morning and just went with the messengers of Balak, more than likely with no intent giving reverence to the words God spoke; mainly because God’s anger was then kindled against Balaam.  So, while Balaam was on the way to Moab, riding on his donkey, an angel of God appeared in their way, holding a sword-in-hand, standing as an adversary; but only the donkey’s eyes were open to see.  The donkey turned aside, out of the way, into a field, & Balaam smote the donkey in attempt to force the donkey to obey his command.  Balaam mounted the donkey again, and continued along the way, but, in the field there was a vineyard with a two walls on each side.  The angel appeared a second time; with the donkey’s eyes being the only one to see again, so the donkey threw itself towards one wall, crushing Balaam‘s foot into it.  Balaam, smote the donkey a second time.  The angel, then went further on the road and stood, this time in a narrow place where there was no place to turn, to the left or right.  This time seeing the angel, the donkey fell down under Balaam, angering him to smite the donkey a third time with a staff.  At this point, God gave speech to the donkey; and the donkey ask Balaam, why had it been struck three times, along the road.  Balaam answering the donkey said, gave reason because the donkey would not yield to his command, also mentioning that if he had a sword, he would’ve killed the donkey.

painting by James J. Tissot _ Balaam is met by the Angel on the road _ [Numb. 22: 21-35]

painting by James J. Tissot _ Balaam is met by the Angel on the road _ [Numb. 22: 21-35]

But, the donkey spoke once more saying, that was it not the same donkey which Balaam always had ridden; and had there ever been another day where the donkey acted in the manner that it did on this day.  Balaam answered no.  Then God opened Balaam‘s eyes to see the angel, as well; Balaam bowed down falling on his face.  Then the angel explained why the appearances were made and had not the donkey turned off the road those three times, Balaam would have been slain.

[Numb. 22: 15-35]

Balaam & his ass(donkey) met by the Angel _ Holman Bible (1890) illustrastions

After Balaam‘s encounter on the road to Moab, he comes to Balak, but Balak, unknowing of whether his request had been answered officially or not, Balak lets Balaam know that he is not prepared to fulfill the giving of a honorable title or position that was previously promised to him, since he does not know if Balaam had come to Moab, to acknowledge the request of cursing Israel or not.  Balaam goes through the process of seemingly preparing to curse Israel, but, again an inquiry must be made to God(even of his{Balaam’s} psuedo-sorceric powers); this time with the words of God coming to Balak through Balaam.

[Numb. 22: 36-41]

Balak & Balaam

Balak & Balaam


Balaam has Balak set up seven altars upon a place called Kirjath-huzoth.  There atop that high place overlooking the children of Israel, Balak did as Balaam said, in setting up seven altars.  The seven altars  had a bullock and a ram on each, as offerings & while Balak awaited an answer from Balaam; Balaam inquired of God what was next. God met Balaam, and Balaam told God that the seven altars were in place with their offerings.  God then told Balaam to return to Balak & he shall speak.  Balaam returned to Balak & then God’s words came through Balaam. 

Balaam to Balak,

“…How shall I curse, whom God

hath not cursed? or how shall defy,

whom the LORD hath not defied?…”

[Numb. 23: 1-8]

the Seven Altars _ painting by James J. Tissot [Numb. 23: 1-12]  "Whom Jah bless, no man curse" _{Ras Tafari proverb}

the Seven Altars _ painting by James J. Tissot [Numb. 23: 1-12]Whom Jah bless, no man curse” _{Ras Tafari proverb}

Balak, the king of Moab, unsatisfied with the results atop Kirjath-huzoth, pleaded with Balaam to attempt again to curse Israel from another vantage point.  So, he brought Balaam to the field of Zophīm(atop Pisgah)
built the seven altars again, and put the offerings in place.  There he awaited a second answer from Balaam.  Balaam, spoke again to God, & God told him to return to him again & the words would be put in his mouth.

Balaam to Balak, in Zophīm(on Pisgah)

“…Rise up, Balak, and hear, harken to me,

thou son of Zippor:…” _vrs.18

“…God is not a man, that he should lie;

neither the son of man,

that he should repent:

hath he said, and not do it?

or hath he spoken,

and shall he not make it good?…” _vrs.19

[Numb. 23: 9-19]

Balak, again blesses Israel @ Ts'ophyiim (Zophim)

Balaam, again blesses Israel @ Ts’of’yim (Zophim) :

“…Let me die the death of the righteous, and let my end be like his…” Balaam the Sorcerer [Numb. 23: 10]

In spite of two blessings from Balaam, Balak proposes one more attempt to curse Israel, from another place.  Then he brought Balaam to Peor,that looked out toward Jeshimon.  The pattern of the seven altars and offerings were put into place once more; Balaam, himself, seeing that it pleased God to bless Israel, turned toward thew wilderness, seeing the children of Israel in their tents, seeing the order of Israel.  Balaam, then blessed Israel, yet a third time & cursed those, who would curse them.

Balaam blesses the children of Israel, yet a third time. _ painting by James Jacques Tissot

Balaam blesses the children of Israel, yet a third time. _ painting by James Jacques Tissot


There Balak’s anger was kindled against Balaam, for he said; he brought Balaam to Moab to curse his enemies and he had altogether blessed three times.

[Numb. 23: 27- 24:10]

Balak becomes infuriated with Balaam, for blessing Israel three times; contrary to what was asked of him.

Balak becomes infuriated with Balaam, for blessing Israel three times; contrary to what was asked of him.


Balaam then spoke a prophecy to Balak, from upon Peor.  The prophecy spoke of a Messianic kingdom among Israel.

“…A star shall come out of Jacob, and a sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth….”

[Numb. 24: 11-17]

RRR homework (le'Kiflu): Nuimbers, chapter 24; verse 17 study thoroughly!!! _ words to examine further: "star," "sceptre," "Jacob," "Israel," "Moab," & "Sheth." _ (meanings/definitions in English, Hebrew, & Amharic/Ge'ez, if applicable)

RRR homework (le’Kiflu): Numbers, chapter 24; verse 17 study thoroughly!!! _ words to examine further: “star,” “sceptre,” “Jacob,” “Israel,” “Moab,” & “Sheth.” _ (meanings/definitions in English, Hebrew, & Amharic/Ge’ez, if applicable)


(Jacob‘s had another name  given to him, which was Israel [Gen. 32:28])

After speaking the prophecy to Balak, Balaam rose up & returned to his place; Balak also went about his own way.

[Numb. 24: 13-25]

Numbers 24:17 = "Prophecy FULFILLED" (the voice of the nay-sayer/half truth teller) - Yeshua HaMesHIHa is the Conquering Lion of Judah! (a well-learned Ras Tafari/HebrewIsraelite/Christian, should ask then, "What is Christ/Conquering Lion of Judah's New Name?" _ Rev. 2:13

Numbers 24:17 = “Prophecy FULFILLED” (the voice of the nay-sayer/half truth teller) – Yeshua HaMesHIHa is the Conquering Lion of Judah! (a well-learned Ras Tafari/HebrewIsraelite/Christian, should ask then, “What is Christ/Conquering Lion of Judah’s New Name?” _ Rev. 2:13


Israel dwelt in Shittim, but then began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab; sacrificing and bowing down to their gods, joining themselves to Baal-Peor, and angering the God of Israel.  God, then spoke to Moses, instructing about taking heads of those who commit treason upon Israel and God.  Moses, gathers the judges of Israel & tells them to slay any of them that have joined themselves to Baal-Peor.

One even brought a Midianitish woman, (who conspired against them[Israel], to his brethren, even in the sight Moses and the congregation of Israel; who were weeping before the door of the Tabernacle.

Phineas, son of Eleazar, grandson of Aaron (Moses’ brother); rose up from among the people, took a javelin, & thrust it through both the bellies of them.

[Numb. 25: 1-9]


1) http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Scripture/Parashah/Summaries/Balak/Curses_of_Laban/curses_of_laban.html







4) Numbers 24: 17 _  prophecy of Balaam