Tag Archives: Pharisees

✡ Cḥănukkăh(חֲנֻכָּה): Feast of Lights ☩ MäQdäs Mätădäs Be’ăl(መቅደስ መታደስ በዓል): Feast of Dedication ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

Our Ras Tafari culture & heritage, gives us a discipline to follow so that we retain, our ancestry, spiritually, mentally & physically.  In continuing our studies and bringing about a progressive consciousness, we here at RRR intend to bring about the education and mores of a commendable community acceptable to its Supreme Being and not deviating from the original or true intent of its humble beginnings.  Staying in the lines of that context and adding onto the elements that make up the Ras Tafari collective mentality of the connectivity of this “way of life” that reflects the combination of religious ideals, community accountability, and reaffirmation reinforcement.

Going forward, we continue our studies in the examination of the original historical events of the past which have been tied to religious tradition, we’ve come now to the celebration of the Cḥănūkăh.

antique menorah in alhambra (moorish spain)

Contrary to the many modern interpretations of this Mōedïm(Appointed Time/Holiday/Holy Day), Ch’anukkah is NOT a western ideological equivalent to “Christmas.”  Throughout many centuries that have passed since the actual happenings of this significant event, there have been modifications to the recognition of the events that took place during this time of year.  But, in going a bit deeper than what is presented on the surface of available information spread throughout the world today, we find Ch’anukkah to be a shining example and lesson of the struggle for survival of the Hebraic culture & faith.

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _ Seleucid Empire/ Σελεύκεια/ Seleúkeia (310 - 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _   Seleucid Empire/
Σελεύκεια/
Seleúkeia (310 – 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire was established during the time of Alexander the “Great.”  His infantry general, Seleucus I Nicantor, was whom the Empire of the Near East gets its name sake from established tributary dominions in accordance to the Hellenistic Greco period.

coinage of Seleucus I

coinage of Seleucus I

During the reign of Alexander the Great, his armies conquered Syria, Egypt and Palestine, but allowed the lands under his control to continue observing their own religions and retain a certain degree of autonomy. Under this relatively benevolent rule, many Hebraic-Judeans assimilated much of Hellenistic culture(Greek), adopting the language, the customs and the dress of the Greeks, in ways like many immigrants adopt to the country of their newly found domicile upon settlement.

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

More than a century later, one of the four successors of Alexander, Antiochus IV was in control of that region. He began to oppress the Israelites of the region severely, placing a Hellenistic priest in the Temple of Jerusalem, massacring them, prohibiting the practice of the faith as they had centuries before, and desecrating the Temple by requiring the sacrifice not acceptable by the law of YHWH (Hebraic God) taught by Moses on the altar.

chanukah11

This led to outrage for the utter disregard and attempted humiliation of the Israelites of the region.  Two groups then arose and opposed Antiochus: simply a  nationalistic group led by Matthias the Hasmonean, and his son Judah Maccabi or otherwised pronounced/written as Maccabee/Makkabee (“the Hammer“), and a religious traditionalist group of that time known as the Chasidim/Chasideans, some interpret them as being the proceeding to the Pharisees (no direct connection to the modern movement known as Chasidic Judaism or Chasidim). The two groups joined into what would be known as the Maccabean Revolt (against both the assimilation of the Hellenistic Jews and oppression by the Seleucid-Greek government.) The revolution succeeded and the Temple was in so many words re- consecrated.

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Maccabees/Hasmonean (Levites)Levi/Lewi

Essenes/Chasideans (Judhites)Judah

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/7316-hasidaeans

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

So, in summation of the events that brought about the commemoration of the Moedim(Hebraically) of the recognition of Ch’anukkah; it is the cognitive celebration over the victory of the religious, traditional, & heritage keepers over the internal subtle subversion, and the external threats of dominance.

falasha anthology _ by Wolf Laslau3

chanukkah - readings (2015-16)Chanukkah - Book of Maccabees - Falasha Anthology by Wolf Leslau

Maccabean Revolters _ Levites

Maccabean Revolters _ Levites

I know, I know (fuzzy) but I moved my big ginger out of the way this time. LOL

I know, I know (fuzzy) but I moved my big finger out of the way this time. LOL

** SPECIAL NOTES : links **

Ch’anukkah Blessings (w/ soundbytes)

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Blessings/Holiday_Blessings/Chanukah_Blessings/BerachotChanukah.pdf
(Hebrew-Yiddish [pdf] “Ch’anukkah Blessings“)

Falasha Anthology _ by Wolf Leslau

(full text [pdf] form link above)

– The Apocryphal Books of the Holy Bible (KJV)1611 A.D.

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/article_cdo/aid/102978/jewish/The-Story-of-Chanukah.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasideans

www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5867-essenes

https://ia801406.us.archive.org/20/items/fivebooksofmacca00cott/fivebooksofmacca00cott.pdf

(Five Apocryphal Books of Maccabees [pdf] Oxford Univ.)

http://www.seleucid-genealogy.com/Home.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucid_Empire

 –  http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/kwanzaa-history

(History Channel – Kwanzaa)

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwanzaa

☩ Fasika – ፋሲካ _ Tins(h)a’e – ትንሣኤ – “Resurrection” ☩

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

 

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Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopic Tewahido-Orthodox, celebration of Fasika.  In other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’al Tinsa’e-በዓል ትንሣኤ.  I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherances to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic, Passover(Pesach/PesaKH’-פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread (KH’ag/Chag Ha’Motz’ot-Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

 

- Ethiopian baked bread (Injera)

– Ethiopian baked bread (Injera)

 

Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

resurrection

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season(often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade-ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome-ዓቢይ ጾመ.

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent

The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortificationSelf denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things.  It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed upon the faithful, the longest and most austere fasts in the world.  Fasting implies abstention from food and drink, in one sense of understanding. Special days are appointed for fasting.

The Ethiopic Version Of The Apostolical Constitutions; Or, The Ethiopic Didascalia, Received In The Church Of Abyssinia [Ethiopia] by Thomas Pell 1796-1852 Platt (click book cover to purchase or link below to inquire about availability)

The Ethiopic Version Of The Apostolical Constitutions; Or, The Ethiopic Didascalia, Received In The Church Of Abyssinia [Ethiopia] by Thomas Pell 1796-1852 Platt (click book cover to purchase or link below to inquire about availability)

Every Wednesday and Friday, are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord (Jesus/Iyesus) and on Friday they crucified him;  according the Christian theology.

ETHIOPIC DIDASCALIA, The Apostolic Constitutions & Ethiopic Church Orders; As Translated by J.M. Harden

ETHIOPIC DIDASCALIA, The Apostolic Constitutions & Ethiopic Church Orders; As Translated by J.M. Harden (click book cover to purchase or link below to inquire on availability)

http://www.lojsociety.org/books.html

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church – (Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fät’há Nägäst – or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

During “Lent” (Hudade/Abiy Ts’om) in Ethiopia, Christians don’t eat or buy any animal products like meat, eggs, butter, milk, yogurt, cream and cheese.

painting of CHRIST riding into Jerusalem being greeted the Israelites; see Matt. 21:1-16

painting of CHRIST riding into Jerusalem being greeted the Israelites; see Matt. 21:1-16

On Palm Sunday, people wear head bands and rings made of palm leaves with crosses marked on them.

rtg.lojs palm sunday artwork

The first  Easter Day (Fasika/Tinsa’e) service actually starts at 8.00pm on Easter Saturday night and lasts until 3.00 am on “Easter” Sunday  (Resurrection Sunday) morning! Most people go to the whole service and wear their best clothes. These are often white and are called ‘YeAbesha Libs‘ in the modern time of today more originally “YeEtyopiayawiyan Libs“.  People have candles made of cotton and wax called ‘twaf‘.  At 10.00 pm drummers start playing and accompanying the Priests as they chant a prayer called the ‘Geez‘. (or the Ancient Ethiopic language)

http://www.whyeaster.com/cultures/ethiopia.shtml

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}

Fasika11

 

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html