Tag Archives: Orthodox Christianity

✤ MesQel (መስቀል) The Finding of the True Cross ✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to yet another posting in one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations is here wishing you all a VERY HAPPY ETHIOPIAN EPIPHANY/MESQEL!!!

This celebration is attributed to the Ethiopian account of the “Finding of the True Cross.”  The celebration of MäsQäl is observed on the 17th day of the Ethiopian month of Meskerem.

The legend speaks of Queen Eleni finding the cross by a revelation with the use of a bonfire, in the 4th century AD, (about the time Ethiopia, officially became the first Christian nation).

[other legend has it account with Queen Helena of Constantinople]

mesqelu-3

The fire that was lit would lead to the Cross, so the Queen ordered the people of Jerusalem to bring wood for a large pile.  In Ethiopia, the custom of the bonfire, once completed the ashes from the bonfire are used for the Passion Week’s Ash Wednesday.

mesQel8

The fire, by which way it leads (N,S,E, or W) can sometimes, by tradition predict what kind of year will be to come.

[good or bad]

mesQel beAl4

During the celebration, there is singing, chanting, and many beautiful colors all around.  MesQel is always to take place after the Ethiopian New Year, a seasonal holiday after the rains, for the coming of the Sun.

MesQel9

The celebration of MesQel, is also known as the Exaltation of the True Cross.  Now, in another peculiar manner in which has become so synonymous with the operations of postings and quite clearly the overall thinking here at Ras Tafari Renaissance, along with many of our affiliates; we relay to you once again, that another Ethiopian commemoration has a correspondence with another Hebrew, or what the world knows as Jewish observance.

mesQelu

The Hebrew observance that corresponds with this celebration of Meskel, or the Finding/Exaltation of the True Cross is Yom Kíppūr – יוֹם כִּיפּוּר.  In a incidence and coincidental pattern the Ethiopian & Hebraic/Jewish New Year meet in the beginning days of the fall season. (Sept/Oct) In a repetitive fashion, MesQel; the Finding of the true Cross foreshadows Yom Kíppūr; otherwise known as the Day of Atonement.  These two memorials show again the historical references we allude to in many findings of our own.  This also leaves much more room for expansion on these specific topics, which we in turn will surely do in the coming updates. All in all,…

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations again, wishes ALL a joyful Epiphany!!!

NOTES:

Exodus 40: 30-38

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✤ MesQel (መስቀል) The Finding of the True Cross ✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to yet another posting in one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations is here wishing you all a VERY HAPPY ETHIOPIAN EPIPHANY/MESQEL!!!

This celebration is attributed to the Ethiopian account of the “Finding of the True Cross.”  The celebration of MäsQäl is observed on the 17th day of the Ethiopian month of Meskerem.

The legend speaks of Queen Eleni finding the cross by a revelation with the use of a bonfire, in the 4th century AD, (about the time Ethiopia, officially became the first Christian nation).

[other legend has it account with Queen Helena of Constantinople]

mesqelu-3

The fire that was lit would lead to the Cross, so the Queen ordered the people of Jerusalem to bring wood for a large pile.  In Ethiopia, the custom of the bonfire, once completed the ashes from the bonfire are used for the Passion Week’s Ash Wednesday.

mesQel8

The fire, by which way it leads (N,S,E, or W) can sometimes, by tradition predict what kind of year will be to come.

[good or bad]

mesQel beAl4

During the celebration, there is singing, chanting, and many beautiful colors all around.  MesQel is always to take place after the Ethiopian New Year, a seasonal holiday after the rains, for the coming of the Sun.

MesQel9

The celebration of MesQel, is also known as the Exaltation of the True Cross.  Now, in another peculiar manner in which has become so synonymous with the operations of postings and quite clearly the overall thinking here at Ras Tafari Renaissance, along with many of our affiliates; we relay to you once again, that another Ethiopian commemoration has a correspondence with another Hebrew, or what the world knows as Jewish observance.

mesQelu

The Hebrew observance that corresponds with this celebration of Meskel, or the Finding/Exaltation of the True Cross is Yom Kíppūr – יוֹם כִּיפּוּר.  In a incidence and coincidental pattern the Ethiopian & Hebraic/Jewish New Year meet in the beginning days of the fall season. (Sept/Oct) In a repetitive fashion, MesQel; the Finding of the true Cross foreshadows Yom Kíppūr; otherwise known as the Day of Atonement.  These two memorials show again the historical references we allude to in many findings of our own.  This also leaves much more room for expansion on these specific topics, which we in turn will surely do in the coming updates. All in all,…

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations again, wishes ALL a joyful Epiphany!!!

NOTES:

Exodus 40: 30-38

– Legendary difference between the account of Queen(Nigist) Eleni’s “Finding of the True Cross” & the Byzantine Queen Helena’s “Finding of the True Cross”

8. Abíy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓብይ ጾም ✤ Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ (the Lenten Fast)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover. In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח. (In the Ethiopic sense this is known as Fasika – ፋሲካ; which phonetically/linguistically similar.) Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery but, moreso the bondage spiritually, financialy, and socially in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs.  Their freedom as a nation under the leadership of Moses began a traverse through the wilderness and desert lands of the Sinai Peninsual and the Levant. But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political, and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt(Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt(Upper Egypt).

Passover is considered apart of the Shalosh Regalim, or the main festivals of Israel’s commemoration to God. The day commences on the afternoon of the Hebraic, 14th of the month of Nisan/Abïb.

 This time is set for recollection and reexamination of one’s self.  Fasting & prayer is key leading up to the Passover.

In continuation already set by the first day of the Samint/Shabua (loosely translated; the week); we move into the culminating level of the count in Abïy T’zōm – አብይ ፆም/ዓቢይ ጾም.

([YeAbiy Ts’om Minbabat : Zeymawoch’na Sibketoch]) = The Readings for the “Great Fast” : Times of the Teachings/Preachings/Sermons.

http://ethiopianorthodox.org/amharic/seasonal/lentprogram.html

lent-hudade

Abiy Tsom/ Hudade = the Great Lenten Fast

RasTafari Renaissance continues to celebrate in the Tewahedo faith the “Great Fast,” or Abíy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓቢይ ጾም.  This period in the Ethiopian & Eritrean Churches, which are also known as the “Tewahido/Tewahedo” churches clustered with the other Orthodox sister churches (ie. Greek Orthodox, Syrian Orthodox, Russian Orthodox etc.) have similar practices which have orderly examples in which they observe this time leading up to Passover; known to the greater world as “Easter.”  You may know of this time especially in the West, that leads to Easter.

[the Three Pilgrimage feast/festivals – Shalosh Regalim]

The narrative of the Exodus from the Scriptures, [Exo. 23: 15], gives the overlay of the children of Israel story in Rgypt.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

http://www.jewfaq.org/holidaya.htm

Passover commemorates the story of the Exodus, in which the ancient Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt. Passover begins on the 15th day of the month of Nisan in the Jewish calendar, which is in spring in the Northern Hemisphere, and is celebrated for seven or eight days. It is one of the most widely observed Jewish holidays.

 

To the Ethiopian & Eritrean Orthodox Churches, Lent (Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ) Abíy Tẓ’ōm,  means a period of fasting when the faithful undergo a rigorous schedule of prayers and penitence. This fast is observed with greater rigor than any other fast and it is a test of one’s Christianity.  One who fails to keep it is not considered a good Christian.  Properly observed it nullifies the sins committed during the rest of the year.  The faithful should abstain from all food except bread, water and salt.  It consists of about 56 days (opposite of the Western Christian – 40 days), all meat is forbidden, and also, what are called “lactina/lactose;” milk, butter, cheese, eggs, etc, by practical sense.

This eighth week’s readings, focus on verses from the Book of John chapter 11: verses 1-10.

Each week of the Great Lent has its own name associated with what Christ did or taught. The names and the corresponding part for readings, of the bible are shown below with each Sunday heralding the beginning of each week & focus reading.

http://www.eotc.faithweb.com/

[NOTE:]  Usually, small children of are excluded from these practices until the age of maturity has surfaced.

(around pre-teen, or the teenage period)

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent [2]

https://ethnomed.org/calendar/abiy-tsom-lent-2016

Fasting is appears in many religions around the world, but, as ones would know, in the west it has lost its rigour for the majority of peoples. However, in the Ethiopian/Eritrean Orthodox church & to the extent of the other Orthodox churches of the east; there are many fasting days through the year.  In the most strict observances, all fasters would be vegan for half the year.  The longest of the fasts is our topic here in the Hudade(i)/ Abiy Tsom season.  So, as the Lenten Fast or the “Great Fast,” leads up to Easter/Passover it is variously known in dfferent forms, and the majority of adherent of the Orthodox churches approximately fast for these 55 days every year.

LINKS:

http://www.ethiopianorthodoxchurch.info/CalanderFastsFeasts

https://rastafari.tv/ethiopia-hosanna-palm-sunday-orthodox-tradition/

https://books.google.com/books?id=iKKFuJkuVZcC&pg=PA178&lpg=PA178&dq=hosanna+ethiopian+church&source=bl&ots=pHvpwMrgqp&sig=MdVsjYj_xw3rrRrwOWENFWxOQCw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjg57rWvZraAhVK11MKHUS8A5Y4ChDoAQgwMAI#v=onepage&q=hosanna%20ethiopian%20church&f=false

5. Abíy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓብይ ጾም ✤ Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ (the Lenten Fast)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I welcome you all to another celebratory posting as we move closer to monumental commemoration of the Hebraic Passover.  This time is set for recollection and reexamination of one’s self.  Fasting & prayer is key leading up to the Passover.

In continuation already set by the first day of the Samint/Shabua (loosely translated; the week); we begin the 2nd level of the count in Abïy T’zōm – አብይ ፆም/ዓቢይ ጾም.

([YeAbiy Ts’om Minbabat : Zeymawoch’na Sibketoch]) = The Readings for the “Great Fast” : Times of the Teachings/Preachings/Sermons.

http://ethiopianorthodox.org/amharic/seasonal/lentprogram.html

lent-hudade

Abiy Tsom/ Hudade = the Great Lenten Fast

RasTafari Renaissance continues to celebrate in the Tewahedo faith the “Great Fast,” or Abíy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓቢይ ጾም.  This period in the Ethiopian & Eritrean Churches, which are also known as the “Tewahido/Tewahedo” churches clustered with the other Orthodox sister churches (ie. Greek Orthodox, Syrian Orthodox, Russian Orthodox etc etc) have similar practices which have orderly examples in which they observe this time leading up to Passover; known to the greater world as “Easter.”  You may know of this time especially in the West, that leads to Easter.

To the Ethiopian & Eritrean Orthodox Churches, Lent (Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ) Abíy Tẓ’ōm,  means a period of fasting when the faithful undergo a rigorous schedule of prayers and penitence. This fast is observed with greater rigor than any other fast and it is a test of one’s Christianity.  One who fails to keep it is not considered a good Christian.  Properly observed it nullifies the sins committed during the rest of the year.  The faithful should abstain from all food except bread, water and salt.  It consists of about 56 days (opposite of the Western Christian – 40 days), all meat is forbidden, and also, what are called “lactina/lactose;” milk, butter, cheese, eggs, etc, by practical sense.

This fifth week’s readings, focus on verses from the Book of Matthew chapter 24: verses 1-35.

Each week of the Great Lent has its own name associated with what Christ did or taught. The names and the corresponding part for readings, of the bible are shown below with each Sunday heralding the beginning of each week & focus reading.

http://www.eotc.faithweb.com/

[NOTE:]  Usually, small children of are excluded from these practices until the age of maturity has surfaced.

(around pre-teen, or the teenage period)

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent [2]

https://ethnomed.org/calendar/abiy-tsom-lent-2016

Fasting is appears in many religions around the world, but, as ones would know, in the west it has lost its rigour for the majority of peoples. However, in the Ethiopian/Eritrean Orthodox church & to the extent of the other Orthodox churches of the east; there are many fasting days through the year.  In the most strict observances, all fasters would be vegan for half the year.  The longest of the fasts is our topic here in the Hudade(i)/ Abiy Tsom season.  So, as the Lenten Fast or the “Great Fast,” leads up to Easter/Passover it is variously known in dfferent forms, and the majority of adherent of the Orthodox churches approximately fast for these 55 days every year.

♔ Ethiopian Celebration of Christmas _ Genna/YeLidet Be’Al (ገና – የልደት በዓል) ♔

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopian holiday of Genna or otherwise called “YeLidet Be’al.”  Because of the calculations of the Ethiopic calendar, we find that the Christmas that is known in the Western world, using the Gregorian calendar doesn’t correspond with the Orthodox Christian churches’ calculations. (though they differ from specific church to church, within the Orthodoxy)  Instead of December 25th, or the twenty-fifth day of the 12th calendar month (Gregorian), we see that the date arrives on January 7th, or the seventh day of the 1st calendar month.

(Orthodox Christian teachings give this as a testimony for the celebration of the birth of Christ)

Christ presented in the Temple to Simeon (Luke 2: 25-26) painted by James J. Tissot

Christ presented in the Temple to Simeon (Luke 2: 25-26) artwork by James J. Tissot

During the first three centuries [A.D. – Anno Domini/After the Death of Christ], in the Churches of Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria and Cyprus, the Nativity of Christ was combined together with the Feast of His Baptism on January 6, and called “Theophany” (“Manifestation of God”).

 James Tissot's painting – The Magi Journeying (Les rois mages en voyage) – Brooklyn Museum

James Tissot’s painting – The Magi Journeying (Les rois mages en voyage) – Brooklyn Museum

This was because of a belief that Christ was baptized on the anniversary of His birth, which may be inferred from St. John Chrysostom’s sermon on the Nativity of Christ: “it is not the day on which Christ was born which is called Theophany, but rather that day on which He was baptized.”

[according to documentation from Orthodox Church of America]

http://oca.org/saints/lives/2014/12/25/103638-the-nativity-of-our-lord-god-and-savior-jesus-christ

star from the east - wise kings from the east (Star of Bethlehem)

By Ethiopic calculations, the birth of Christ, occurs on the Julian calendar‘s framework; predating the Gregorian.  In Eastern Christian (or Orthodox Christian sects) some, Orthodox Christians observe the “Nativity and Adoration of the Shepherds” on January 6th, & the following day may observe, the “Adoration of the Magi” (or otherwise known as the three kings/wise men) on January 7.  Other Orthodox Christians may attend church liturgies on the 6th, or both.

yelidet Qen (gena)

☩ Timk(Q)et – ጥምቀት በዓል – “Baptism” ☩

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to again to Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations, for the Ethiopic celebration of Timk(Q)et.  Timket, is the Ethiopian-Christian celebration in a symbolic manner of “Baptism” or “Epiphany.”

timket qes

Celebrated on the 10th day of the (ወኀ)month of T’ir(ጥር), it commemorates the Adoration of the Magi, who followed the Star of the East, & the Baptism of Christ.
In other references Epiphany, could also be commemorated for the wedding at Cana, also.

[see Mrk chpt.2;  Jhn chpt.2]

Epiphany-Timket-Festival-in-Addis-Ababa

In the Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Church, it is the most important festival in the year, seeing as how the Tabot – ታቦት, or the representation of the Ark of the Covenant is wrapped in priestly cloth and lead in procession for a reenactment of the Baptism of Christ, in the Jordan River.

timqet

Many Eastern Orthodox Christians have various celebrations, rites, an rituals for the feast day, as well.

 Russian icon of the Theophany (Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, 1497).

Russian icon of the Theophany (Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, 1497).

timket4

✤MesQel – መሰቀል – Finding of the True Cross✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations is here wishing you all a VERY HAPPY ETHIOPIAN EPIPHANY/MESQEL!!!

This celebration is attributed to the Ethiopian account of the “Finding of the True Cross.”  The celebration of MesQel is observed on the 17th day of the Ethiopian month of Meskerem.

Ras Tafari Renaissance is as always thankful and appreciative of the responses from those who continue to check out this work here and send their opinions, and commentary.  But, for this posting we turn our attention to the Ethiopic-Christian celebration of MesQel, which literally means the “Cross.” This celebration is supposedly Byzantine in origin, but we shall dive deeper into the message, meanings, and historical references of the significance of this celebration.

Portrait of Manuel II Palaiologos with his wife Helena (St. Ipomoni) and three of his sons.

Helena is recorded in history also for supposedly taking a pilgrimage to Syria Palæstina during the 1st century of Christianity.  So, from RRR‘s opinion; if Helena had indeed made a pilgrimage or some sort to this particular part of the world during this time, then surely she very well could have been influenced by the original Judeo-Christian/Hebraic Christian principles and moreso the originators of that school of thought.

[ie. communities taught by Paul of Tarsus, Peter (Disciple of Christ), James (Brother of Christ) etc.]

mesQel beAl3

MesQelመሰቀል,

The Finding of the True Cross, commemorates the discovery of the Cross upon which Jesus was crucified by the Empress Helena, the mother of Constantine the Great.  The original event took place on March 19, 326AD; but there is a feast is now celebrated on 27 September. (annually)

mesQel - finding of the true cross

The legend in Ethiopia, speaks of Queen Eleni (also congruently meaning “Helen or Helena”) finding the cross by a revelation with the use of a bonfire, in the 4th century AD, (about the time Ethiopia, officially became the first Christian nation).  [other legends have it accounted for with Queen Helena of Constantinople)  The fire that was lit would lead to the Cross, so the Queen ordered the people of Jerusalem to bring wood for a large pile.  In Ethiopia, the custom of the bonfire, once completed the ashes from the bonfire are used for the Passion Week’s Ash Wednesday.

MesQel9

In Ethiopia, where the commemoration has the largest following and effect, in modern society many of the rites observed throughout the festival are said to be directly connected to the legend of Empress Helena. On the eve of Maskel(or MesQel) tall branches are tied together and yellow daisies, popularly called meskel flowers, are placed at the top. During the night these branches are gathered together in front of the compound gates and ignited. This symbolises the actions of the Empress whom, when no one would show her the Holy Sepulchre, she lit incense and prayed for help. Where the smoke drifted she dug and found three crosses.

The Chapel of Saint Helena atop the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem _ Ethiopian Church in the Holy City. Israel)

The Chapel of Saint Helena atop the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem _ Ethiopian Church in the Holy City. Israel)

To one of them, the True Cross, many miracles were attributed.  Edward Ullendorff records a number of beliefs of the meaning of Demera, with some believing that it “marks the ultimate act in the cancellation of sins, while others hold that the direction of the smoke and the final collapse of the heap indicate the course of future events — just as the cloud of smoke the Lord over the Tabernacle offered guidance to the children of Israel

(Exod. 40:34-38).

mesQel8

During the celebration, there is singing, chanting, and many beautiful colors all around.  MesQel is always to take place after the Ethiopian New Year, a seasonal holiday after the rains, for the coming of the Sun.  The celebration of MesQel, is also known as the Exaltation of the True Cross.