Tag Archives: moedim

RSS#41 (ፊንሐስ / פִּינְחָס)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Ph(F)ïncḥas פִּינְחָס, on the 18th – יח, & the 19th – יט, of the month of Tammuz – תמוז, in the year of 5780 (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Feenḥas – ፊንሐስ, on the 3rd, & on the 4th – , of the month (ወርኀ) of Hämlæy – ሐምሌ.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Numbers 25:10 – 30:1

I Kings 18:46 – 19:21

Romans 11: 2-32

In this study, we continue in the accordance to the last portion.(Balak)  After what had become the Heresy of Baal-Peor, Phineas, the son of Eleazar, and the grandson of Aaron(Moses’ brother), lead in a moments notice, with zealot acts.

Pinchas ben-Eleazar (Phineas, the son of Eleazar; grandson of Aaron); Tribe of Lew[v]i

Pinchas ben-Eleazar (Phineas, the son of Eleazar; grandson of Aaron); ፊንሐስ ወልደ አልዓዛር/פינחס בן-אלעזר Tribe of Lew[v]i _ accredited to Mr. John L. Johnson‘s work, the Black Biblical Heritage.

Phineas, in which this parsha study is named, from the Hebrew and the Ethiopic Amharic, had slain a Midianitish woman, who’s name was Cozbi, and a Simeonite prince of Israel; who’s name was Zimri.   These two, along with many others partook in the turning away from God, in the sin of Baal-Peor.  Phineas, had stood up for Israel, turning God’s wrath away from them because of his zealous act and understanding of the covenant that was to be kept, between Israel & YHWH.

"[a depiction]" Phineas, slaying the man of Israel, for his treachery, & the woman for her corruption. [Numb. 25: 7 & 8]--for full context--[read Numbers Chpt. 25, in entirety]

“[a depiction]” Phineas, slaying the man of Israel, for his treachery, & the woman for her corruption. [Numb. 25: 7 & 8]–for full context–[read Numbers Chpt. 25, in entirety]

So, in a sense, because Phineas was willing to give his all to his God & for his people; seeing as how the Moabites and Midianites had conspired against Israel to bring them out of the favor of God; Phineas even went to the extent of going to war for God and them(children of Israel).  Phineas’ actions coupled with his faith as well, opened the door in which God gave a Covenant of Peace.  He and his those of his lineage would partake in it, continuing the Priesthood, among the lineage of Aaron(Moses’ brother).

[Numb. 25: 10-18]

[Ancient] Egypt & Ethiopia; Mirrors of a Hamo-Shemitic culture: Phineas' Zealousy for God; Young & Valiant staff carrying King Tut(Tutankhamun)

[Ancient] Egypt & Ethiopia; Mirrors of a Hamo-Shemitic culture: Phineas’ Zealousy for God; Young & Valiant staff carrying King Tut(Tutankhamun)

Moses, was then instructed by God to take an account(census), for the second time, of the children of Israel, by family(or tribal lineage). [other census was taken in Numbers Chpt. 1: 1-16]

Because, of the waywardness of Israel’s faithfulness to God, their numbers dwindled and grew in spurts, while in the wilderness.  (ie. the Golden Calf, the Rebellion of Korah, and at this point; post- the Heresy of Baal-Peor…not forgetting the other instances withing Israel while in the wilderness)  So, Moses was instructed to take Eleazar, the High Priest(son of Aaron; father of Phineas), and number the children of Israel, once again, for God had said the because of the disobedience of this people, they should not enter into my rest.  But the children that would come after them would partake in the covenant, made the Abraham, Isaac & Jacob; albeit that those children of the generation of the Exodus from Egypt, would uphold the covenant and abide by the laws, commandments and statutes of God.

[Numb. 26: 1-51]

balak - parsha [land of canaan before conquest]

The children of Israel, were numbered by their tribal lineages, for the second time, by Moses and Eleazar; for God was preparing to bring the children of the Israelites, who made the Exodus from Egypt to the wilderness; into the Land that was Promised.

[Numb. 26: 52-65]

Twelve Tribes of Israel; Land of Canaan, divided inheritance for the Tribes of Israel.

Twelve Tribes of Israel; Land of Canaan, divided inheritance for the Tribes of Israel.

At this point, when the children of Israel, were receiving their plots and inheritances of the land, the Daughters of Zelophehad, came to Moses and the congregation in attempt to procure, the inheritance due to their father, who had passed & had no son pass his lineage to; for he(Zelophehad) had five daughters.  Usually, the children of Israel made it customary for the son to inherit the lot of his father’s.

- credit to africaontheblog.com

– credit to africaontheblog.com

Moses, in sincerity, took the Daughters of Zelophehad’s case to God, & God explained to Moses that though the children of Israel kept customary morals, the Daughters of Zelophehad had a very probable case.  God instructed to grant the daughters the plot that was to be allotted to their father, had he bear a son, whom would carry on his lineage among Israel.  From then on, it would not be a question whether or not a man bear a son to inherit his plot; because, the laws for possessing an inheritance from one parents among Israel, would not only come as a responsibility to the male children among Israel, but the responsibility would also come to the daughters, as well.

(Zelophehad; inheritance led to Manessah, son of Joseph)

[Numb. 27: 1-11 ]

The Daughter of Zelophehad _ painting by Iris Wexler

The Daughters of Zelophehad _ painting by Iris Wexler

God then spoke to Moses, saying, go up to Mount Abarim, and see the land which will give to the children of Israel, to dwell.  Moses, could view the land from afar, but he couldn’t enter in, because of his disobedience at the waters of Meribah, in Kadesh(when Moses struck the ROCK); so Moses would be gathered to his people, along with the generation that wandered in the wilderness.

[Numb. 27: 12-14]

Moses, spoke to God, atop Mount Abarim, requesting that he appoint the children of Israel, another who would succeed him in leading the Israel into the Promised Land.

haazinu - parsha [moses_on_mount_abarim]

There God said to Moses, that Joshua, the son of Nun, should succeed him, in leading the children of Israel into the Promised Land.  Moses was to take Joshua, in front of Eleazar, the High Priest, and before the congregation of all the Hebrews to give him the charge & honour in the place of himself. (Moses)

[Numb. 27: 15-23]

Moses Blesses Joshua in the midst of all the children of Israel _painting by James J. Tissot

Moses Blesses Joshua in the midst of all the children of Israel _painting by James J. Tissot

Sabbath [Numb. 28: 10-15]

shabbat shalom

Fourteenth/Fifteenth of the First Month(Passover) & the (feast of Unleavened Bread) [Numb. 28: 16-25]

pesach9

Passover – “Pesach” – Feast of Unleavened Bread

Day of the Firstfruits(Festival of Weeks) [Numb. 28: 26-31]

Festival of Weeks - "Shab(v)uout" - Firstfruits

Festival of Weeks – “Shab(v)uout” – Firstfruits

First Day of the Seventh Month(Rosh HaShannah) [Numb. 29: 1-6]

LeShanna Tob(v)ah - "Rosh HaShanna" - Hebraic/Jewish New Year

LeShanna Tob(v)ah T’cketeb(v) [Hebrew New Year Greeting] – “Rosh HaShanna” – Hebraic/Jewish New Year

Tenth Day of the Seventh Month(Yom Kippur/Day of Atonement) [Numb. 29: 9-11]

Yom Kippur - "Day of Atonement" - Yom HaKippurim

Yom Kippur – “Day of Atonement” – Yom HaKippurim

& the

Fifteenth Day of the Seventh Month(Feast of Tabernacles/Booths) [Numb. 29: 12-39]

Festival of Booths - "Sukkot" - Feast of Tabernacles

Festival of Booths – “Sukkot” – Feast of Tabernacles

Intanjibles’ CTs

Intanjibles CTs Men’s Classic High Top Canvas Shoes

$39.99

RSS#36 ( ስትለኵስ / בְּהַעֲלֹתְךָ )

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of BeHa’alōtecḥâ – בְּהַעֲלֹתְךָ, for this week, in this mode of study, for those out in the diaspora or outside Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the year 5780 this Sabbath day would probably fall on the, 20th כ, & on the 21st – כא, of the month of ‎Sïw[v]án – סִיוָן. (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) but,  from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as Sítlläkʷís – ስትለኵስ; on the 5th – , & 6th – , day of ወርኀ(month) – ሰኔ (Seney). The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ).

Readings:

Numbers 8:1- 12:16

Zechariah 2: 14- 4:17

I Corinthians 10: 6-13

Revelation 11: 1-19

In this week’s portion of the study of the Scriptures, Moses is instructed by God to tell his brother, Aaron to light the seven lamps for the candlestick(Menorah) in the Tabernacle.

behaalotecha - parsha (menorah-golden-seven-branch-candlestick-lampstand)

& Aaron, did so; lighting the lamps.

[Numb. 8: 1-4]

behaalotecha - parsha [kahin with candle-Aaron]

Moses, is then also instructed to sanctify the priesthood (Levites) before the entire assembly of the children of Israel.  The children of Israel outstretched their hands forth to consecrate the blessing & cleansing of the Levites among the Hebrews, also for their service in the Tabernacle.

[Numb. 8: 5-18]

The Levites were taken by God to be the firstborn among the children of Israel.  The priesthood were to adhere to Aaron and his sons, and conduct the services and duties in the Tabernacle.

pesaKH-passover symbols

The laws, commandments, and statutes, for the appointed season of the Passover were given to Moses for the children of Israel, in the wilderness of Sinai.  The laws were given in the first month(Abib/Nisan) of the second year of the Israelites’ coming out of Egypt.  The fourteenth day of this month was when the Hebrews were to keep the memorial of the Passover.  (even in the wilderness)

[Numb. 9: 1-14]

pillar of a cloud by day, & a pillar of fire by night

pillar of a cloud by day, & a pillar of fire by night

The day the Tabernacle was reared up, a cloud covered the Tabernacle, over the Tent of Meeting (the Sanctuary), and in the evening to nightfall, a pillar of fire hovered the same of the Tabernacle.

[Numb. 9: 15-23]

behaalotecha - parsha [two-silver-trumpets-numbers-9]

God then spoke to Moses, saying, speak to the children of Israel, that they make two (2) trumpets of silver; for they would be used in the calling of the assembly & for the journeying of the camps.  The rules for the blowing of these trumpets would find an alignment different from that of the blowing of the Shofar.

[Numb. 10: 1-10]

rastafari-a-blow-de-shofar

The cloud then, was taken up from Tabernacle & the children of Israel journeyed on the twentieth (20) of the second month (Iyyar/Ziw[v]) out of the wilderness of Sinai to the wilderness of Paran.

[Numb. 10: 11-36]

Taberah

Taberah

The children of Israel then began to complain, and grumble for they had begun to forget the ways of God; how and why he brought them out of Egypt.  Their complaining kindled the the anger of God.

[Numb. 11: 1-3]

Manna from Heaven

Manna from Heaven

Now, the mixt multitude went lusting after their old ways, even from their captivity. (even after the fire at Taberah)  Yet now, in this study portion of the Scriptures the children of Israel wept again; now, for they desired flesh to eat.

[Numb. 11: 4-9]

disciples-eating-grain

Moses, heard the people and went before God, not knowing what to do for the weeping and complaining.  God instructed Moses, to gather those of the children of Israel, who were known as the elders(or wise) among them; for God would lift the burden of bearing all of the children of Israel’s problem upon himself.

[Numb. 11: 10-39]

Moses & the Seventy Elders of Israel

Moses & the Seventy Elders of Israel

God then sent a wind that brought quail to the children of Israel, & they did eat but, while the meat was in the process of consumption, a plague of death fell upon them; so much so that like Taberah, the place where the children of had fell away from the grace of God here was named Kibrot Ha Ta’aw[v]ah – (የምኞት መቃብር _ YeMígñoch MäQábr) קִבְרוֹת הַתַּאֲוָה‎ , or in translation the ( graves of lust ).

[Numb. 11: 31-35]

Kibrothhattaw(v)ah

Kibrothhattaw(v)ah

At this point, from the place of the children of Israel’s graves of lust they saw it fit to move on; and so, the Israelites journeyed on to Hazeroth (ሐጼሮት/חֲצֵרוֹת).

behaalotecha - parsha [wilderness of paran]

Here, Moses’ sister and brother spoke against him, for he married an Æthiopian woman.

(Ts’ipporah /Sephorah /Tz’iporah)

Tz'ipporah - Moses' Ethiopian/Midianite wife

Tz’ipporah – Moses’ Ethiopian/Midianite wife (artist speculated to be Diane Britton Dunham)

God was angered, so that he spoke to Miriam, Moses, and Aaron.

Miriam, Moses' sister shout out of the camp of Israel, painting by James J. Tissot

Miriam, Moses’ sister shut out of the camp of Israel, painting by James J. Tissot

But, upon his departure Miriam, Moses’ sister became leprous.  Aaron, Moses’ brother pleaded with him, for Miriam’s case & Moses prayed for his sister to be healed of the disease .  God gave grace and said that, seven days, Miriam should be set outside the camp; once she was healed, she could return.

Miriam bat-Yochebed

Miriam bat-Yochebed (Mariam wollete-Yokabed)

 

RSS# 31 (ብለህ ንገራቸው / אֱמֹר)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Æmor – אֱמֹר, for this week, in this mode of study, for those out in the diaspora or outside Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the year 5780 this Sabbath day would probably fall on the, 12th – יב, & on the 13thיג, of the month of Iyar- אִייָר‎ . (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) but, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, in the 20127512 E.C. year, these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as B’læh N’gäráchäw – ብለህ ንገራቸው, on the 9th – ፱, & 10th – , day of the ወርኀ(month), of Gínbot – ግንቦት. The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Leviticus 21:1 – 24:23

Ezekiel 44: 15 – 31

I Peter 2: 4 – 10

  The parsha/kifil for this week, is Æmor-B’leh N’gerachew.  But, aside from some of the more obvious inclinations made by socially, historically and politically aware brethren & sistren who probably recognize the blatancy of the symbology passing through the consciousness of the of study portion of the Scriptures, for this week; we will do our best to relay the best possible analysis.

Before going into the study portion in-depth, we will focus on the certain aspects that may or may not interest others in their examinations of not only our claims to the foundation of these studies but, others as well.  For instance, the Hebrew word Æmor – אֱמֹר, which comes to an English meaning of “say,” “utterance,” “word,”(or moreso dealing with speaking).  & the Ethiopian-Amharic equivalent which is, B’leh N’gerachew – ብለህ ንገራቸው, is in harmony to the manner of “speaking words,” more to the implications of intelligently speaking, but spoken words nonetheless being the focal point.

* SIDENOTE: for consideration *

Now, in noticing the ancient names for this week’s portion of the study of the Scriptures, there’s noticeable keys of understanding that one may pick up on, if attention is brought to it.  The point to be made is this,…: Æmor, has a resonant sound phonetically with the Law term known as “Moor.”  When this word/term is scrutinized carefully the term for this parsha, from the Hebraic form can collectively include the disobedience/fall of a great people of a dark hue(color), who were recognized legally during a certain period of time in the southern European region; comprising a number of countries.

moor-definition

From the Ethiopic perspective, the name of the kifil-portion, is B’leh N’gerachew-ብለህ ንገራቸው, and phonetically, especially for anyone who was born or grew up in the Western Hemisphere of the world, could notice the irony of the name of the study, along with the cognitive inferences to the modern time.  B’leh-ብለህ, which more than likely could mean “wise” or “intelligent,” & N’gerachew-ንገራቸው, giving meaning to “words,” or “manners of speaking.

A page from the Dictionary of the English language Yiddish-Hebrew-Latin by Ella Levita

Now, with the term Hebraic Æmor, and of course, the phonetical sounds in the Ethiopic word N’gerachew, the surety of understanding who, and what people who are considered to be, of the ethnicity/classification structure, known as, black are in general should be a point of interest.  Mainly, because this parsha/kifil deals with the blaspheming of an individual in the Hebraic community that was in the wilderness.

THIS WEEK’s STUDY,

is Æmor, which also tells of the rules and regulations given to the children of Israel, for the purification of the priests.  This study takes account of the HOLY days, which were to be observed by Israel, throughout their generations.  This study also shows the instruction by God, to Moses for Israel to perform service in the Tabernacle.  For example, the lights and bread in the Sanctuary were assembled and prepared in specific manner for worship in the Hebrew faith.  The blasphemer and his punishment are also a matter of focus in this study of the Scriptures.

priestly blessing hebrew

The laws for the priesthood were laid out to Moses, for the Kohaniim – כֹּהֲנִים(Priests) of the children of Israel.

[Lev. 21: 1-9]

Correspondingly, laws and commandments were laid out for the women of the children of Israel, with no partiality.  This would show that the children of Israel regardless of gender(sex), were to take responsibility for ones’ self.

[Lev. 21: 9-15]

Commandments of reaping the harvest, in the counting of the Omer, were obligations of the children of Israel, and gleaners were to leave a portion for the poor.

[Lev. 21: 15-24]

kedoshim - parsha [The Gleaners (engraving by Gustave Doré from the 1865 La Sainte Bible)]

The institution for the observance of the HIGH HOLY days were given to Moses for the Hebrew people, as well, in this study.  The feasts were the appointed times the children of Israel, were to reap the their harvests.  Known is modern Judaism, as the Moedim-מועדים: or the Yamim Nora’imימים נוראים.

[Lev. 23: 10-15]

The Sabbath(Shabbot/Senbet), Pesach, Sha(v)bu’ot, Rosh HaShanna, & Yom Kippur, were of the Meodim, that were spoken of in the Scripture study.

[Lev. 23: 1-44]

Shalosh Regalim

"The Blasphemer Stoned" _(illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible)

The_Blasphemer_Stoned(illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible)

✤ TINS(h)A’E – ትንሣኤ – “RESURRECTION” ✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopic Tewahido-Orthodox, celebration of Fasika.  In other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’ale Tinsa’e – በዓለ ትንሣኤ.

I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherance to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic Passover(Pesach/ PesaKH’-פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread(KH’ag/ Chag Ha’Motz’ot-Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread
Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

 

Ethiopian Injera - Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa'e)
Ethiopian Injera – Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa’e)

 

Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season (often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade-ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome-ዓቢይ ጾመ.

[The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortification. Self denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things. It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed on the faithful the longest and most austere fasts in the world. Fasting implies abstention from food and drink. Special days are appointed for fasting. Every Wednesday and Friday are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord and on Friday they crucified him.]

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church-(Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fetha Nägäst-or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}

 

LINKS:

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

✡ ፋሲካ _ Passover _ פֶּסַח ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover. In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח. (In the Ethiopic sense this is known as Fasïka – ፋሲካ; which phonetically/linguistically similar.) Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery but, moreso the bondage spiritually, financialy, and socially in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs.  Their freedom as a nation under the leadership of Moses began a traverse through the wilderness and desert lands of the Sinai Peninsula, and the Levant.  But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political, and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt(Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt(Upper Egypt).

Passover is considered apart of the Shalosh Regalim – שלוש רגלים, or the main festivals of Israel’s commemoration to God. The day commences on the afternoon of the Hebraic, 14th of the month of Abïb/Nisan.

 

I welcome you all to another celebratory posting as we move closer to monumental commemoration of the Hebraic Passover.  This time is set for recollection and reexamination of one’s self.  Fasting & prayer is key leading up to the Passover.

In continuation already set by the first day of the Samínt/Shabūa (loosely translated; the week); we move into the culminating level of the count in Abïy T’zōm – አብይ ፆም/ዓቢይ ጾም.

([YeAbiy Ts’om Minbabat : Zeymawoch’na Sibketoch]) = The Readings for the “Great Fast” : Times of the Teachings/Preachings/Sermons.

http://ethiopianorthodox.org/amharic/seasonal/lentprogram.html

lent-hudade

Abiy Tsom/ Hudade = the Great Lenten Fast

RasTafari Renaissance continues to celebrate in the Tewahedo faith the “Great Fast,” or Abïy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓቢይ ጾም.  This period in the Ethiopian & Eritrean Churches, which are also known as the “Tewahido/Tewahedo” churches clustered with the other Orthodox sister churches (ie. Greek Orthodox, Syrian Orthodox, Russian Orthodox etc.) have similar practices which have orderly examples in which they observe this time leading up to Passover; known to the greater world as “Easter.”  You may know of this time especially in the West, that leads to Easter.

[the Three Pilgrimage feast/festivals – Shalosh Regalim]

The narrative of the Exodus from the Scriptures, [Exo. 23: 15], gives the overlay of the children of Israel story in Rgypt.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

http://www.jewfaq.org/holidaya.htm

Passover commemorates the story of the Exodus, in which the ancient Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt. Passover begins on the 15th day of the month of Nisan in the Jewish calendar, which is in spring in the Northern Hemisphere, and is celebrated for seven or eight days. It is one of the most widely observed Jewish holidays.

 

To the Ethiopian & Eritrean Orthodox Churches, Lent (Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ) Abïy Tẓ’ōm,  means a period of fasting when the faithful undergo a rigorous schedule of prayers and penitence. This fast is observed with greater rigor than any other fast and it is a test of one’s Christianity.  One who fails to keep it is not considered a good Christian.  Properly observed it nullifies the sins committed during the rest of the year.  The faithful should abstain from all food except bread, water and salt.  It consists of about 56 days (opposite of the Western Christian – 40 days), all meat is forbidden, and also, what are called “lactina/lactose;” milk, butter, cheese, eggs, etc, by practical sense.

This seventh week’s readings, focus on verses from the Book of John chapter 3: verses 1-12.

Each week of the Great Lent has its own name associated with what Christ did or taught. The names and the corresponding part for readings, of the bible are shown below with each Sunday heralding the beginning of each week & focus reading.

http://www.eotc.faithweb.com/

[NOTE:]  Usually, small children of are excluded from these practices until the age of maturity has surfaced.

(around pre-teen, or the teenage period)

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent [2]

https://ethnomed.org/calendar/abiy-tsom-lent-2016

Fasting is appears in many religions around the world, but, as ones would know, in the west it has lost its rigor for the majority of peoples. However, in the Ethiopian/Eritrean Orthodox church & to the extent of the other Orthodox churches of the east; there are many fasting days through the year.  In the most strict observances, all fasters would be vegan for half the year.  The longest of the fasts is our topic here in the Hudade(i)/ Abïy Tsom season.  So, as the Lenten Fast or the “Great Fast,” leads up to Easter/Passover it is variously known in dfferent forms, and the majority of adherent of the Orthodox churches approximately fast for these 55 days every year.

✡ Pūrïm – פּוּרִים ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Seasons Greetings to you all once again!  This is Lidj Yefdi, bringing you, yet another post from Ras Tafari Renaissance. I sincerely appreciate all of the positive vibes and feedback I’ve received from those who have reasoned & spoken well of the postings here. MAY JAH DELIVER MY GRATITUDE & BLESS YOU ALL EXCEEDINGLY!

So, today in Jerusalem and wherever there are adherents to Hebrew/Jewish traditions and such are celebrated the end of Purim – פּוּרִים .

Readings:

Exodus 32:11 – 14; chpt. 34:1 -10

Iasiah 55:6 – 56:8

Hosea 14: 2 – 10

Micah 7: 18 – 20

HEBREW CALENDAR2

Purim, is the celebration of the deliverance of the Jews(Hebrews) that were under the rule of the Persian Empire.

[SIDE-NOTE] FLASH FORWARD, in Scripture the Persian Empire(or otherwise known to be the “Medes,” were apart the four kingdoms prophecy, which Nebuchadnezzer’s dream, was interpreted by Daniel, for him by way of God’s revealing).

[Daniel chpt. 2; Daniel chpt. 7]

The Persian Empire came after the Babylonian Captivity.

Nebuchadnezzar-statue2

The Jews (or the Hebrews) in Persia were freed from the hand of Haman, who had gained favor in the sight of the king Ahasuerus(whom is also accounted for as being Xerxes I). No, Xerxes I, is not the Persian king of the movie “300” dealing with the Spartans. THAT WAS PURE HOLLYWOOD ENTERTAINMENT; THIS IS HISTORICAL FACT. Xerxes, was the king of Persia whom gave favor to Haman the Agagite. But loved deeply, Esther, whom was the daughter of Mordecai (mo, the Jew.

achaedyn

Mordecai, instructed (Hadassah)/”Esther” to conceal her heritage from the king and all of his court, for she had been taken along with many other young women to be suited for the king of Persia, because he put away Vashti, from being queen. But upon the conflict of Mordecai vs. Haman; Haman sought to destroy ALL the Jews in Persia. Silver was the payment of Haman to the king to destroy the Jews(Hebrews), young old, men, women and children.

[Esther 2: 7- 3:15]

MAP_PERSIA

Vashti, refused the king’s request to appear before the king & his guests, which were nobles and princes throughout Persia and Media.

[Esther 1(entire Chpt)]

But, unknowingly Hadassah(Eshter), was of the people of Jews(Hebrews) by way of her adoption by Mordecai, who reverenced not Haman, as the king had wanted for those of the kingdom in Persia and Media.

In the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar – אֲדָר, on its thirteenth day … on the day that the enemies of the Jews were expected to prevail over them, it was turned about: the Jews prevailed over their adversaries.

[Esther 9:1]

Mordecai bowed not to Haman (Ta'anit Esther - Shushan Purim)

Mordecai bowed not to Haman (Ta’anit Esther – Shushan Purim)

 

I&I would also like to give much, much thanks to the Lion of Judah Society, Inc., organization for their interpretation of Scriptures, historical events, & Ras Tafari dissemination of Ethiopian heritage in Africa, as well as, the diaspora. Here, I would like for you all to check out & consider the facts put forth here. Research, study & come to your own conclusions about the story of Hadassah(Esther), the Queen.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BNal4U1fgTI

queen esther - hadassah - aster

So, all-in-all to the Daughters of Zion, which I named this [(Original)] posting,…which I’am sure many of you are questioning that move…Well, its very simple! Women, in society are many times are thought to be pushed to the backside of many important events, and happenings in this world we see today, but, clearly even in antiquity, women held power and influence that they, themselves, sometimes are unable to recognize. &, in this case the power to save millions to the billions from despair.  So, to the Daughters, remember that with this type of blessing comes a great deal of responsibility. Handle it with care, my sistren.

www-St-Takla-org--Bible-17Est06--10-12-Haman-and-Mordecai

But, for the Daughters of Zion, as well as, the Sons, the Scriptures clearly state that we are to remember Purim for all generations, and to keep them in writing.

[Esther 9:27-28]

Not to mention being the other halves of the givers of life, nourishment, sustainability…and out right, “being the first teachers of human civilization (more specifically, every child) that comes to this world” _quoted from El Hajj Malik El Shabazz(Malcolm X) by way of the Most Honorable Elijah Muhammad. Sisters, mothers, daughters and women of our families the message you give to the child(children) they will give to the world. So please, consider your illustrious position in the cosmology of this existence. & while we as Ras Tafari, Ethiopians, Hebrews, & Israelites, celebrate the essence of woman in the example of Queen Esther; I certainly hope, that the men will acknowledge the counterpart that was created to be the companion of ours.

הֲדַסָּה - Hadassah - Esther.Aster

THE STORY OF HADASSAH(ESTHER) THE QUEEN

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xpGaDOfwty4

for more information on Purim & Jews(Hebrews) of Iran-Persia; check out these pages:

Shalom/Selam

RSS# 18 (ሥራዓት / מִּשְׁפָּטִים)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Mishpatim – מִּשְׁפָּטִים, on the 26th – כו, & on the 27th – כזof the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָטin the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; on the 13th – ፲፫, & on the 14th – ፲፬, of the month of Yekátït – የካቲት.  These readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as;  S(h)’raut – ሥራዓት.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 21:1- 24:18

Jeremiah 34:8-22 ; chpt. 33: 25, 26

Matthew 5:38-42 ; chpt. 17: 1-11

Now, in summation of the study we have in front of us, this portion of the study of the Scriptures, laws/ordinances/judgments for the Passover(Pesach – פסח / Fasika – ፋሲካ) are set out.  In addition to the Decalogue(Ten Commandments/Words), another series of laws were given to Moses, to give to the children of Israel. This has been accounted for as the covenant upon Mount Sinai (or the Sinaitic Covenant).  God commands Moses, Aaron, & Aaron’s sons: Nadab and Abihu, to ascend the mountain.

[Ex. 24:9-11]

Covenant Code(detailed statutes)

[Exodus 21-23]

ELoHIM upon Mt Sinai

The instituting of Hebrews,( in particular the men ), to show up or appear, before God three times was established, with these detailed statutes.

Laws and ordinances, on servitude, child rearing, crime, and other aspects, are covered for the children of Israel to observe and do.  This has been accounted for as the covenant upon Mount Sinai.

Feast of Unleavened Bread

(Passover – פֶּסַח), is a memorial of the Exodus from Egypt. It also observes, the avoiding all leavened grain products and similar foods of consumption.  Most families or communities tell stories of the Exodus traditionally. Pesach(Passover) usually lasts eight days (for some others it may comprise seven days): Passover’s equivalent in Ethiopian Jewish/Hebrew tradition is called (Fasika – ፋሲካ) from other translated sources Fasika, is the equivalent for the meaning from/into Easter; in the English. Fasika has been an upkeep from the traditions and teachings of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church, since around fourth century A.D.  Even, for what is known as a Christian church, this festival of Fasika(Easter/Passover) holds significance than what is known as Christmas. Fasika succeeds an approx., 56-day fasting period, which is has certain relevancy to the Western Christian ideas of Lent. Fasika, is known to be a a day of high celebration.

fasika-drum16

Also, in continuance of the giving of the laws, statutes and commandments, along with the judgments of YHWH; the children of Israel were also given more times of observances for the Hebrew people.  These observances have become, what is known as the Moed’im – מועדים.

http://www.yashanet.com/studies/revstudy/rev3.htm

The people of Israel, proclaimed that they would hear obey the commands of YHWH.

http://www.messianic-torah-truth-seeker.org/Torah/Pesach/Pesach.html

Now, the second of these important feasts is the Feast of Weeks/Harvest, (Shav(b)uot/KH’ag Shab(v)uotחג שבעות) commemorates the day God gave the Torah/the LAW to the entire nation of Israel which had come to be assembled at Mount Sinai.  Shavuot is linked to Passover, it also concludes the Counting of the Omer, of the seven weeks/counting of God’s festivals.

harvest-shavuot

and at the Feast of Tabernacles/Succoth. (Sukkot – סֻכּוֹת) The Feast of the Ingathering, is celebrated on the 15th day of the month of Tisrei, on the Hebrew/Jewish calendar. Moses told the children of Israel to gather for a reading of the Law during Sukkot every seventh year (Deut. 31:10-11).  Sukkot is a seven day holiday, and part of what is known in Jewish tradition as the Chol HaMoed(festival weekdays). Observance of Sukkot is detailed in the Book of this week’s Torah portion.

[Exodus 23:14]

sukkot4

In this portion of the Scriptures, important observances for the children of Israel, which have now become known as the Shalosh Regalim.

(or commonly known as the three national High Holy Days of Israel)

After this establishment Moses, was then summoned by God to ascend the mountain where he remained for forty days and forty nights.

RSS# 15 (ግባ / בֹּא )

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Bo – בֹּא, on the 5th – ה, & the 6th – ו, of the month of Teb(v)et – טֵבֵתin the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512 these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as; G’bӑ – ግባ , on the 22nd – ፳፪, & on the 23rd – ፳፫, of the month of T’r – ጥር.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 10: 1- 13:16

Jeremiah 46: 13-28

Luke 22: 7-30

I Corinthians 11: 20-34

This portion our study of the Scriptures, deals with the three (3) remaining plagues of Egypt.  

The children of Israel are instructed by God to compose their calendar (or simply a “time keep-sake”) by the phases of the moon, which leads to the creation of the lunar Hebrew calendar.  During the plagues, a memorial for the Hebrews to keep yearly, is instituted.  This memorial would become a statute of those who perform the practical applications of the Hebrew faith; for example, the keeping of the Sabbath, but the time-keeping (months-years) in an annual sense.

FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD

http://www.shmayisrael.com/Downloads/Passover.pdf

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Blessings/Holiday_Blessings/Pesach_Blessings/pesach_blessings.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Pesach/Seder/seder.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

Ethiopic Passover is known as: Fasika(ፋሲካ)

http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/english/weekly/easter.pdf

http://www.eotc-berlin.org/files/lent-easter.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

Plagues:

8th) Locusts – Exod. 10:1-20;

9th) Darkness – Exod. 10:21-29; 

10th) Death of Firstborn – Exod. 11:1-10, 12:29-32

God tells Moses and Aaron, and to go to Pharaoh, knowing that his heart was hardened but the signs and wonders of God, were to come upon Egypt.  The children of Israel were to tell the their children and the many generations to come, of the signs, of YHWH.

bo - parsha (locust 8th plague)

Locusts, the eighth plague, which covered the land of Egypt, and devoured crops, fields and such put put more strain on the land.

[Exo. 10: 1-8]

bo - parsha (plagues of egypt)

Moses and his brother Aaron, were brought to Pharaoh, in supplication that they inquire of YHWH, that the locusts be taken up from the land of Egypt, in exchange for the children of Israel to make a feast to him, in service.  It was so made, in that a west wind took the locusts, just as an east wind brought them in.

[Exo. 10: 9-19]

The Plague of Locusts _ by James J. Tissot

The Plague of Locusts _ by James J. Tissot

Pharaoh’s heart, being hardened once more, he continued his refusal of letting go the children of Israel.  God told Moses, to stretch his hands toward the heavens so that it would be darkness to fall upon the land of Egypt.(three days)  When the darkness covered Egypt, Pharaoh pleaded with Moses to make sacrifice to YHWH, bring light upon Egypt.

[Exo. 10: 20-29]

Ninth Plague of Egypt - Darkness _ painting by Gustave Dore

Ninth Plague of Egypt – Darkness _ painting by Gustave Dore

God then, told Moses that there would still be yet, one more plague that would be placed upon Egypt.  For afterwards this plague the children of Israel, would come out of Egypt.  Moses was to tell the people, to prepare to exit Egypt, shortly, and to borrow of their neighbors jewels of silver and gold; even so to the point that they received favor in the sight of the Egyptians because of the sign and wonders, that they were able to take of them as well.  But yet, every firstborn of Egypt would be taken away, even that of the Pharaoh’s house.  This would be the 10th and final plague.

[Exo. 11: 1- 12:1]

bo - parsha (Aleph-Alef-Tav-Taw) [ET] (doorpost blood)

Tav/Tawfinal Hebrew Letter – ת

“And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it”.

Passover Seder

(Exodus 12:7)

In this, the institution of the Passover was established for the Hebrews.  The children of Israel were to calculate the beginning of their months from the coming out of Egypt.

hebrew calendar - spring (Yamim Noraim) Holy Days

[Exo. 12: 2-29]

bo - parsha (The Passover Instituted by CF Vos)

Pharaoh then, rose up in the morning, and called for Moses and Aaron, pleaded that they immediately leave Egypt, for in the land of Egypt there was not one house that had not one dead.

[Exo. 12: 30-36]

bo - parsha (plague death of the 1stborn)

& the children of made haste, for there was a mixed multitude that accompanied them as the prepared to make their journey from Egypt.  They left with many of the treasures of Egypt, for they sought to rid themselves of the plagues which Israel brought into the land following the blessings that it poured upon them.

[Exo. 12: 38- 13:16]

bo -parsha (Tissot_The_Exodus)

Exodus

✡ Succoth (סֻכּוֹת)_Das Be’al (ዳስ በዓል) ✤ “Feast of Tabernacles/ Booths” ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Again, this is Lidj Yefdi, wishing everyone a very blessed Sukkot!  Other names for this High Holy Day or appointed time as translated from the Hebrew language comes to us as; the “Feast of Booths,” the “Tabernacles/Festival of Tabernacles,” or as the “Ingathering.”

sukkot4

The Festival of Sukkot begins on the 15th, of the Hebrew month of Tishrei & is observed for seven days. (five days after Yom Kippur)  Sukkot, is in many ways very opposite to the observance of Yom Kippur, especially as ones would know and find it among peoples of today.  One reason in saying this is that Sukkot is very joyful and it is commonly referred to in modern day Jewish prayer and literature as Z’man Símcḥatéinu זמן שמחתינו; more literally translated to the English language as: “The Season of Our Rejoicing.”  Now in a similar fashion of the celebration of Passover and Shabuot, Sukkot has a significance that is doubled in a sense, especially when pertaining to its historical and agricultural perspectives.

Mirrors of Hamo-Shemitic culture: Ethiopian Tekuloch in the country side (resemblances of the succahs)

Mirrors of Hamo-Shemitic culture: Ethiopia in the country side (resemblances of the Succah)

In a historical manner, the celebration of Sukkot commemorates the (40) forty-year period during which the children of Israel were wandering in the wilderness, living in temporary shelters.  Hence, for the term “Feast or Festival of Tabernacles,” in the similar way the Tabernacle/Tent of Meeting and encampment of the children of Israel was constructed while making the Exodus with the significant role of the furnishings playing their respective parts.    Agriculturally, Sukkot is a harvest festival and is sometimes referred to as Chag Ha-Asífחג האסף, translating to the “Festival of Ingathering.”

[Lev. 23: 34- ; Deut. 16: 13-15]

hebrew-calendar-months-and-feast-cycle

Sukkot is the third and the culmination of the Shalosh Regalim, or commonly known as the “Three Pilgrimage Festivals of Israel.”

Sukkot is a very joyous festival/feast day, & there are various ways of maintaining observances.  In the final of day of the memorial of Sukkot, the day is referred to as HoShanna Rabbah, which is a special observance with the use of bundling willow branches.

Sukkot_4 Species

Sukkot_4 Species

Sukkot, in summation is the children of Israel residing in a temporary state, resembling & calling to remembrance the time in the wilderness post-Exodus but, pre-entering into the Land of Promise.

Hebrew Sukkah - L, & an Ethiopian Tekul - R.

Hebrew Sukkah – L, & an Ethiopian Tekul – R.

STUDY NOTES:

Leviticus 23: 33-36

Deuteronomy 16: 13-16

http://www.mechon-mamre.org/jewfaq/holiday5.htm

http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday5.htm

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Sukkot/sukkot.html

✶Day of Atonement_Yom Kippur (יוֹם כִּפּוּר) ☩ Astesryo Qen (አስተስርዮ ቀን)✶

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations wishes that all have had a peaceful, Yom Kippur.  The Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year on the Hebraic/Jewish calendar.

Yom-Kippur

Jewish people traditionally observe this holy day with a 25-hour period of fasting, and intensive prayer, where many usually spend most of the day in synagogue services. Yom Kippur(or the “Day of Atonement”) completes the annual period known in Judaism as the High Holy Days(or the “Days of Awe”-Yamim Noraim-ימים נוראים‎).

hebrew lunar cycle calendar

Some scholars, and others say there is a link to Kapporet, the “mercy seat” or covering of the Ark of the Covenant.

yom-kippur (Kapperet_Ark-of-the-Covenant)

During the Days of Awe, a Jewish/Hebrew person tries to amend his or her behavior and seek forgiveness for wrongs done against God and against other human beings.

As one of the most culturally significant in Hebrew holidays, Yom Kippur is known and observed as a memorial by Hebrews, Jewish people,Israelites, & many others the like across cultural heritages.

Coming from Ethiopic Hebraic perspective, Yom Kippur or the “Day of Atonement,” is known as Astesryo Q’en/ Seryet Q’en – አስተስርዮ ቀን/ ሰርየት ቀን.

yom-kippur14 (astesryo qen-day of atonement) repentance

As the holiest day of the year, the “Day of Atonement,” one of the main reasons for the season is repentance.  Repentance, leading toward choosing to live as a Ts’addikim– צדיקים, or “one of the righteous“. On the flipside, one could choose to become or continue in the ways of the Reshai’im-רשעים, or the “wicked.”

This choice is to made, because the Ts’addikim will be written into the Sefer HaChayim-ספר החיים, or the “Book of Life,” & the Rashai’im to the “Book of Death.”

Ethiopian Jews

Ethiopian Jews-Beta Israel

This Sabbath of Sabbaths was to be a Sabbath of “Return“, hence the Hebrew term for atoning for sin….Teshuba – תשובה.

Kol Nidre prayer printed by Zvi Hirsch Spitz Segal; Machor to Yom Kippur

Kol Nidre prayer printed by Zvi Hirsch Spitz Segal; Machor to Yom Kippur

FOR MORE STUDY:

Leviticus 17: 11

Leviticus 23: 26-27

Leviticus 26: 29

Isaiah 53: 6

Joel 2: 15-16

John 1: 29

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yom_kippur

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4687/jewish/Yom-Kippur.htm

http://www.hebcal.com/holidays/yom-kippur

https://hebrew4christians.com/Scripture/Parashah/parashah.html#YKIP

 

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