Tag Archives: Mamre

RSS #3 (ተለይተህ ወጣ / לֶךְ-לְךָ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Lecḥ Lecḥá – לֶךְ-לְךָ , on the 7th – ז, & on the 8th – ח, of the month of Cḥeshw(v)an – חֶשְׁוָן, [this Hebraic month is also known as; Mar’Cḥeshw(v)an – מַרְחֶשְׁוָן], in the year of 5778. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2010/7510; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as, Tӓlӓytӓ Wӓṭăh – ተለይተህ ወጣ.  This would calculate as the 17th – ፲፯, & on the 18th – ፲፰, of the month of T’Qĭmt-ጥቅምት.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – (ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 12:1 – 17:27

Isaiah 40:27 – 41:16

Romans 4: 1-25

Leaving off with descendants of Noah, from the last portion of the Scripture studies, LeKH’ LeKH’a-לֶךְ-לְךָ is the set of readings for this Sabbath.

Abram of Ur, in Chaldea, a descendant of Noah, was spoken to by God.

[Gen. 12:1]

Ur(Chaldea), near the Euphrates & Tigiris rivers.

Abram, was told by God to leave his country and people, in Chaldea.  So Abram, left with Sarai(his wife), and Lot(his nephew) traveled south.  God sought to bless Abram, exceedingly.

[Gen. 12: 2-10]

Gen. 12:2 ; Gen.15:5

Famine in those lands took Abram to Egypt, where passed off his wife, as his sister; for he feared he would be killed because of her beauty, in the sight of the Egyptians.

lech lecha - parsha (abrmcov)

 But, because of her beauty Pharaoh sought to entreat her, for he sought to make her a wife of his.  But, his mind was plagued because of Sarai(Abram’s wife).  So much so, that he confronted Abram about the situation and ended up sending on their way peacefully, with quite hefty caravan.

[Gen. 12: 10-20]

Abram's caravan leaving Egypt _ painting by James Tissot (1890's circa)

Abraham’s Caravan _ painting by James J. Tissot

While in Egypt, Abram and his family acquired very much, in riches.  But, if got to the point where there was strife among them, (within their camps).  Lot(Abram’s nephew) and Abram, consolidated to negotiate not to struggle with each other for there was so much land, that they need not quarrel over anything.

[Gen. 13: 1-12]

But, the men of Sodom, near where Abram had made a place for him cattle, herds, and possessions were a wicked and distasteful people.  Wickedness abounded so much so, to the point that Abram separated himself from among them, at Mamre, in Hebron.

[Gen. 13: 13-18]

The Three Altars of Abraham

War, in those days, between many kings of many nations, brought Sodom & Gomorrah to an expected destruction.

[Gen. 14: 1-24]

Melchizedeq

Fortunately, Abram was able to bring Lot out, just before meeting Melchizedek; the king of Salem.

Santa Pollinare Mosaic - Order of Melchizedek

Abram, was then blessed by God, in that by his wife Sarai, who was barren, would give birth to a son. (even in their old age)  Abram was given vision by God, that his seed would be innumerable, for he would be the father of many nations.  God instructed Abram, to make offerings, he did it & guarded it.

[Gen. 15: 1-11]

lech lecha - parsha [Tissot_Abram_Guarding_His_Sacrifice]

Then Abram had visions of the future generations of his to come.

[Gen. 15: 12-21]

Sarai, feeling as though she had been restrained by God from bearing any children, gave Abram, her maid, Hagar(Agar), who was an Egyptian, in attempt beget children of AbramHagar, conceived of Abram, but saw Sarai, differently afterwards. (by contempt)  Sarai, then feeling as though she brought about strife in Abram‘s house, she brought the plight to Abram, and wanted Abram to put her away.  God, complied because he sought to make the child of Hagar & Abram, a mighty nations of his own. (his name would be Ishmael)

[Gen. 16: 1-16]

Hagar & Isma'il (ibn Ibrahim)

Between Abram & God, was a covenant made: for he would the father of many nations, and be fruitful exceedingly, kings would be from him, the land between the two rivers would be of his possession, & the land of Canaan would be for an everlasting possession, his seed shall circumcise their flesh(males); also he & his wife would have new names.  Instead of Abram, his name would be Abraham & instead of Sarai, her name would be Sarah.

Abraham would also have a son, which he would name Isaac, his son Ishmael would grow to be a mighty nation.

[Gen. 17: 1-21]

And, these were the facets that made up, what is known as the Abraham Covenant

** Notes: **

further study

– Galatians 4:21 -5:1

– Hebrews 7

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RSS #3 (ተለይተህ ወጣ/לֶךְ-לְךָ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (or Yefdeyah).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with Lecḥ Lecḥá – לֶךְ-לְךָ .  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5777, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 10th – י , & the 11th יא, of the month of Cḥeshw(v)an – חֶשְׁוָן, [this Hebraic month is also known as; Mar’Cḥeshw(v)an – מַרְחֶשְׁוָן, for this week, in this mode of study;  for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2009/2029/7509, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 2nd – ፪, & the 3rd – ፫,  of the (ወርኀ)month of Cḥídâr – ኅዳር [ሕዳር/ህዳር].  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Tӓlӓytӓ Wӓṭăh – ተለይተህ ወጣThe Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 12:1 – 17:27

Isaiah 40:27 – 41:16

Romans 4: 1-25

Leaving off with descendants of Noah, from the last portion of the Scripture studies, LeKH’ LeKH’a-לֶךְ-לְךָ is the set of readings for this Sabbath.

Abram of Ur, in Chaldea, a descendant of Noah, was spoken to by God.

[Gen. 12:1]

Ur(Chaldea), near the Euphrates & Tigiris rivers.

Abram, was told by God to leave his country and people, in Chaldea.  So Abram, left with Sarai(his wife), and Lot(his nephew) traveled south.  God sought to bless Abram, exceedingly.

[Gen. 12: 2-10]

Gen. 12:2 ; Gen.15:5

Famine in those lands took Abram to Egypt, where passed off his wife, as his sister; for he feared he would be killed because of her beauty, in the sight of the Egyptians.

lech lecha - parsha (abrmcov)

 But, because of her beauty Pharaoh sought to entreat her, for he sought to make her a wife of his.  But, his mind was plagued because of Sarai(Abram’s wife).  So much so, that he confronted Abram about the situation and ended up sending on their way peacefully, with quite hefty caravan.

[Gen. 12: 10-20]

Abram's caravan leaving Egypt _ painting by James Tissot (1890's circa)

Abraham’s Caravan _ painting by James J. Tissot

While in Egypt, Abram and his family acquired very much, in riches.  But, if got to the point where there was strife among them, (within their camps).  Lot(Abram’s nephew) and Abram, consolidated to negotiate not to struggle with each other for there was so much land, that they need not quarrel over anything.

[Gen. 13: 1-12]

But, the men of Sodom, near where Abram had made a place for him cattle, herds, and possessions were a wicked and distasteful people.  Wickedness abounded so much so, to the point that Abram separated himself from among them, at Mamre, in Hebron.

[Gen. 13: 13-18]

The Three Altars of Abraham

War, in those days, between many kings of many nations, brought Sodom & Gomorrah to an expected destruction.

[Gen. 14: 1-24]

Melchizedeq

Fortunately, Abram was able to bring Lot out, just before meeting Melchizedek; the king of Salem.

Santa Pollinare Mosaic - Order of Melchizedek

Abram, was then blessed by God, in that by his wife Sarai, who was barren, would give birth to a son. (even in their old age)  Abram was given vision by God, that his seed would be innumerable, for he would be the father of many nations.  God instructed Abram, to make offerings, he did it & guarded it.

[Gen. 15: 1-11]

lech lecha - parsha [Tissot_Abram_Guarding_His_Sacrifice]

Then Abram had visions of the future generations of his to come.

[Gen. 15: 12-21]

Sarai, feeling as though she had been restrained by God from bearing any children, gave Abram, her maid, Hagar(Agar), who was an Egyptian, in attempt beget children of AbramHagar, conceived of Abram, but saw Sarai, differently afterwards. (by contempt)  Sarai, then feeling as though she brought about strife in Abram‘s house, she brought the plight to Abram, and wanted Abram to put her away.  God, complied because he sought to make the child of Hagar & Abram, a mighty nations of his own. (his name would be Ishmael)

[Gen. 16: 1-16]

Hagar & Isma'il (ibn Ibrahim)

Between Abram & God, was a covenant made: for he would the father of many nations, and be fruitful exceedingly, kings would be from him, the land between the two rivers would be of his possession, & the land of Canaan would be for an everlasting possession, his seed shall circumcise their flesh(males); also he & his wife would have new names.  Instead of Abram, his name would be Abraham & instead of Sarai, her name would be Sarah.

Abraham would also have a son, which he would name Isaac, his son Ishmael would grow to be a mighty nation.

[Gen. 17: 1-21]

And, these were the facets that made up, what is known as the Abraham Covenant

** Notes: **

further study

– Galatians 4:21 -5:1

– Hebrews 7

5th Kifil Study: Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

I welcome you all to one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee). I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures. So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the Torah portion of KH’ayei Sarah-חַיֵּי שָׂרָה.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5774, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 21st-כא, & the 22nd-כב, of the Hebrew month of MarKH’eswan-מַרְחֶשְׁוָן, or simply known as “KH’eshwan-חֶשְׁוָן,” for this week, in this mode of study; for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2006/2026/7506, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 15th-፲፭, & the 16th-፲፮, on the (ወርኀ)month of T’Q’imt-ጥቅምት.  In the Scriptures, what is also known as YeSaram Idmey-የሣራም ዕድሜ. The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Genesis 23: 1- 25:18

I Kings 1: 1-31

Matthew 1: 1-17

I Corinthians 15: 50-57

In this fifth kifil(portion), of our study of Scripture, tell about how Abraham made negotiations to procure a burial place, in the time of the passing of his wife Sarah.  Abraham left his origin in Ur of the Chaldees, to sojourn into the land of Canaan.

[Gen. 23]

abraham and sarah

This portion also tells of the mission, for a wife for the Abraham’s son, Isaac; among his own people.

[Gen. 24: 1-58]

Rebecca at the well

Rebekah at the well

 

Rebekah, agrees to take part in the mission fulfillment of the servant of Abraham, & she travels to meet, Abraham’s son, Isaac,

Isaac - ይሰሐቅ - יצחק

Isaac – ይሰሐቅ – יצחק

lech lecha - parsha  [sarai-sarah]5 (3)

who could become her husband.

[Gen. 24: 58-67]

Gensis 24: 65 "...therefore she[Rebekah] took a vail, and covered herself..."

Genesis 24: 65 “…therefore she[Rebekah] took a vail, and covered herself…”

Abraham, also took a another wife, who’s name was Keturah, & Keturah bare Abraham children also.

[Gen. 25]

Keturah; Abraham's third wife

Keturah; Abraham’s third wife

 

The Inheritant regions of the sons of Keturah - by way of Abraham.

The Inheritant regions of the sons of Keturah – by way of Abraham.

 

4th Kifil Study: Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

 

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

I welcome you all to one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee). I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures. So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the Torah portion of W(V)ayeira-וַיֵּרָא.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5774, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 14th-יד, & the 15th-טו, of the Hebrew month of MarKH’eswan-מַרְחֶשְׁוָן, or simply known as “KH’eshwan-חֶשְׁוָן,” for this week, in this mode of study; for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2006/2026/7506, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 8th-፰, & the 9th-፱, on the (ወርኀ)month of T’Q’imt-ጥቅምት.  In the Scriptures, what is also known as TegeleT’elet-ተገለጠለት. The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 18:1- 22:24

II Kings 4: 1-37

Luke 1: 26-38

II Peter 2: 4-11

Luke 24: 36-53

We pick up where we left off, from the last Sabbath portion, LeKH’-LeKH’a & come to Wayeira-וַיֵּרָא.  In this study of the Scriptures, Abraham is visited in Mamre,

[Gen. 18; 1-8]

wayeira - parsha (Abraham and Three Angels)

Abraham is asked of his wife, Sarah‘s whereabouts, because a special message is to be delivered.  She is to bare Abraham a son, though the both of them are aged.

[Gen. 18: 9-19]

Sarah Laughed _ painting by James Tissot

Sarah Laughed _ painting by James Tissot

 

In this kifil/parsha(portion), Abraham found himself playing the role of an “intercessor” before the destruction of Sodom & Gomorrah, for the sake of his nephew, Lot, & his family.

[Gen. 18: 20-33]

Destruction of Sodom & Gomorrah _ painting by John Martin

Destruction of Sodom & Gomorrah _ painting by John Martin

 

After the Sodom & Gomorrah‘s obliteration, Lot was left with only his two daughters.  They feared that wouldn’t be married, so they, the two daughters devised a plan to procure children from their father’s lineage.

[Gen. 19]

Flight of Lot from Sodom & Gomorrah

Flight of Lot from Sodom & Gomorrah

Meanwhile, Abraham passes off his wife, Sarah, for his sister; in the hopes that it would spare his life, to a king named Abimelech.  God, speaks to Abimelech in a vision of sleep, & informs him that Abraham, and Sarah are not brother and sister, but husband and wife.  Also, because of their presence in Abimelech‘s kingdom, all of the wombs were closed up.  Abimelech, of course, confronts Abraham for this, but they both are reconciled with each other and even, make a covenant between them in Beersheba.

[Gen. 20]

Abraham & Sarah go to see Abimelech

Abraham & Sarah go to see Abimelech

 

Sarah, then gave birth to a son of Abraham, and named him IsaacHagar, who was Sarah‘s handmaiden, but had become a mother of Abraham‘s firstborn son; mocked her, in that she gave birth in her old age.

[Gen. 21: 1-10]

wayeira- parsha (Abraham sending Hagar and Ishmael away)

Later, Sarah remembered the callous feelings between she, & Hagar, whom had bore a son,(Ishmael) to AbrahamSarah, feeling as if she placed a burden on Abraham that he shouldn’t bare, told him to cast woman & her child.  Abraham, grievous because of what it seemed like he may have to do, but received assurance of God, that the woman & her child would be preserved.

[Gen. 21: 11-21]

Hagar & Isma'il (ibn Ibrahim)

Hagar & Isma’il (ibn Ibrahim)

 

Abraham & Abimelech, made a covenant in the place near where Hagar & Ishmael, were spared by God, from the desert, & an altar, which Abraham Jehovah Jireh(from translation).

Jehovah Jireh, in Beersheba _ Abraham & Abimelech make a covenant.

Jehovah Jireh, in Beersheba _ Abraham & Abimelech make a covenant.

 

God, did also test, Abraham; to the point where Abraham’s love for his son & God, was the ultimate test.

[Gen. 22]

Abraham Climbs Mount Moriah _illustration by Schirmer from the 1908 Bible, One Thousand Picture Lessons

Abraham Climbs Mount Moriah _illustration by Schirmer from the 1908 Bible, One Thousand Picture Lessons

3rd Kifil Study: Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

I welcome you all to one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee). I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures. So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the Torah portion of LeKH’ LeKH’a-לֶךְ-לְךָ. On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5774, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 7th-, & the 8th-, of the Hebrew month of MarKH’eswan-מַרְחֶשְׁוָן, or simply known as “KH’eshwan-חֶשְׁוָן,” for this week, in this mode of study; for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2006/2026/7506, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 1st-፩, & the 2nd-፪, on the (ወርኀ)month of T’Q’imt-ጥቅምት.  In the Scriptures, what is also known as Teley’teh’ WeT’a-ተለይተህ ወጣ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 12: 1- 17:27

Isaiah 40:- 41:6

Romans 4: 1-25

Hebrews 7

Galatians 4:21- 5:1

Leaving off with descendants of Noah, from the last portion of the Scripture studies, LeKH’ LeKH’a-לֶךְ-לְךָ is the set of readings for this Sabbath.

Abram of Ur, in Chaldea, a descendant of Noah, was spoken to by God.

[Gen. 12:1]

Ur(Chaldea), near the Euphrates & Tigiris rivers.

Ur(Chaldea), near the Euphrates & Tigiris rivers.

Abram, was told by God to leave his country and people, in Chaldea.  So Abram, left with Sarai(his wife), and Lot(his nephew) traveled south.  God sought to bless Abram, exceedingly.

[Gen. 12: 2-10]

Gen. 12:2 ; Gen.15:5

Gen. 12:2 ; Gen.15:5

lech lecha - parsha (abrmcov)

Famine in those lands took Abram to Egypt, where passed off his wife, as his sister; for he feared he would be killed because of her beauty, in the sight of the Egyptians.  But, because of her beauty Pharaoh sought to entreat her, for he sought to make her a wife of his.  But, his mind was plagued because of Sarai(Abram’s wife).  So much so, that he confronted Abram about the situation and ended up sending on their way peacefully, with quite hefty caravan.

[Gen. 12: 10-20]

Abram's caravan leaving Egypt _ painting by James Tissot (1890's circa)

Abram‘s caravan leaving Egypt _ painting by James Tissot (1890’s circa)

While in Egypt, Abram and his family acquired very much, in riches.  But, if got to the point where there was strife among them, (within their camps).  Lot(Abram’s nephew) and Abram, consolidated to negotiate not to struggle with each other for there was so much land, that they need not quarrel over anything.

[Gen. 13: 1-12]

Abram & Lot Part Ways_ painting by James Tissot

Abram & Lot Part Ways_ painting by James Tissot

But, the men of Sodom, near where Abram had made a place for him cattle, herds, and possessions were a wicked and distasteful people.  Wickedness abounded so much so, to the point that Abram separated himself from among them, at Mamre, in Hebron.

[Gen. 13: 13-18]

The Three Altars of Abraham

The Three Altars of Abraham

War, in those days, between many kings of many nations, brought Sodom & Gomorrah to an expected destruction.  Fortunately, Abram was able to bring Lot out, just before meeting Melchizedek; the king of Salem.

[Gen. 14: 1-24]

Melchizedeq

Melchizedeq

Santa Pollinare Mosaic - Order of Melchizedek

Santa Pollinare Mosaic – Order of Melchizedek

Abram, was then blessed by God, in that by his wife Sarai, who was barren, would give birth to a son. (even in their old age)  Abram was given vision by God, that his seed would be innumerable, for he would be the father of many nations.  God instructed Abram, to make offerings, he did it & guarded it.

[Gen. 15: 1-11]

lech lecha - parsha [Tissot_Abram_Guarding_His_Sacrifice]

Then Abram had visions of the future generations of his to come.

[Gen. 15: 12-21]

Sarai, feeling as though she had been restrained by God from bearing any children, gave Abram, her maid, Hagar(Agar), who was an Egyptian, in attempt beget children of AbramHagar, conceived of Abram, but saw Sarai, differently afterwards. (by contempt)  Sarai, then feeling as though she brought about strife in Abram‘s house, she brought the plight to Abram, and wanted Abram to put her away.  God, complied because he sought to make the child of Hagar & Abram, a mighty nations of his own. (his name would be Ishmael)

[Gen. 16: 1-16]

Hagar & Isma'il (ibn Ibrahim)

Hagar & Isma’il (ibn Ibrahim)

Between Abram & God, was a covenant made: for he would the father of many nations, and be fruitful exceedingly, kings would be from him, the land between the two rivers would be of his possession, & the land of Canaan would be for an everlasting possession, his seed shall circumcise their flesh(males); also he & his wife would have new names.  Instead of Abram, his name would be Abraham & instead of Sarai, her name would be Sarah.

Abraham would also have a son, which he would name Isaac, his son Ishmael would grow to be a mighty nation.

[Gen. 17: 1-21]

And, these were the facets that made up, what is known as the Abraham Covenant