Tag Archives: laws

✤ TINS(h)A’E – ትንሣኤ – “RESURRECTION” ✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

IMG_0998

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopic Tewahido-Orthodox, celebration of Fasika.  In other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’ale Tinsa’e – በዓለ ትንሣኤ.

I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherance to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic Passover(Pesach/ PesaKH’-פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread(KH’ag/ Chag Ha’Motz’ot-Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread
Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread
Ethiopian Injera - Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa'e)
Ethiopian Injera – Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa’e)

Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season (often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade-ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome-ዓቢይ ጾመ.

[The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortification. Self denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things. It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed on the faithful the longest and most austere fasts in the world. Fasting implies abstention from food and drink. Special days are appointed for fasting. Every Wednesday and Friday are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord and on Friday they crucified him.]

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church-(Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fetha Nägäst-or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}

 

LINKS:

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

RSS #26 (በስምንተኛውም ቀን / שְּׁמִינִי)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Shemini – שְּׁמִינִי, on the 27th – כז, & on the 28thכח, of the month of Abïb – אָבִיב, (sometimes known as Nisan – נִיסָן), in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 1st – , & on the 2nd – , of the month of Mïyâzya – ሚያዝያ.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as  BeS’minteñawim Q’en – በስምንተኛውም ቀን.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings: 

Leviticus 9:1 – 11:47

II Samuel 6:1 – 7:17

Hebrews 8: 1-6

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, eight days after the ordination or anointing of the Kohani’imכהנים (Priesthood), Moses now instructs Aaron to prepare a sin offering of a young bullock , as well as, a burnt offering of a ram and the children of Israel, were instructed to bring a sin offering of one kid from the goats, and a their burnt offering was to be one calf and one lamb, both of the first year, without blemishes.  Another bullock and ram were brought for a peace offering, along with a meat offering mingled with oil before God.

[Lev. 9:1-20]

Medieval Orthodox-Christian paintings of Moses (L) & Aaron. (R)

A wave offering was also presented before God, & the people were blessed out of the fire, because of the following of the laws and statutes while serving God in the wilderness.

[Lev. 9:21-24]

Nadab & Abihu

Nadab & Abihu

Aaron’s sons, Nadab & Abihu, were serving and performing the duties of the Priesthood, but offered a “strange fire” before God, which he had commanded them not to do. This action resulted in their judgment, which came by their deaths by being consumed by fire. Aaron, saw the consequences of the negative choices his own sons made by not staying in line with the Sinaitic Covenant & in line with the Order of the Levites; the statutes established between Israel & God upon Mount Sinai.

[Lev. 10:1-3]

wayikra - parsha (High_Priest_Offering_Incense_on_the_Altar)

But, Aaron other sons: Eleazar & Ithamar were grafted into the posts of the Priesthood and taught to conduct themselves in the manners of the ways of God’s covenant.

[Lev. 10:6-15]

shemini - parsha (sacrifices-offerings)

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, God also constitutes the laws regarding what has become known as “Kosher” (Kosher accounts to Kashrut – כַּשְׁרוּת )pertaining to what can be consumed as food or dietary for the children of Israel.

[Lev. 11]

FotoFlexer_PhotoAaron’s sons, Nadab & Abihu, were serving and performing the duties of the Priesthood, but offered a “strange fire” before God, which he had commanded them not to do. This action resulted in their judgment, which came by their deaths by being consumed by fire. Aaron, saw the consequences of the negative choices his own sons made by not staying in line with the Sinaitic Covenant & in line with the Order of the Levites; the statutes established between Israel & God upon Mount Sinai.

[Lev. 10:1-3]

fire_brimstone

But, Aaron’s other sons: Eleazar & Ithamar were grafted into the posts of the Priesthood and taught to conduct themselves in the manners of the ways of God’s covenant.

[Lev. 10:6-15]

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, God also constitutes the laws regarding what has become known as “Kosher” (Kosher accounts to Kashrut – כַּשְׁרוּת) pertaining to what can be consumed as food or dietary (from a Ras Tafarian’s ideology dietary=”Livity”) for the children of Israel.

[Lev. 11]

nadab-and-abihu

[SIDENOTES] – great facts for further research

This week’s Torah portion(study) is called Sheminiשְּׁמִינִי

H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I, made a way for REPATRIATION for those forcibly removed from their origins, and the land was named Shashamane – ሻሸመኔ

SHASHAMANE IS TO RASTAFARIANS _AS_ MECCA IS TO MUSLIMS (MOSLEMS)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shashamane

Ras Tafarian restaurant in Shashamane, with elaborate painting of the Seal of Imperial Ethiopia. {Imperial Ethiopian Coat of Arms / Crest}

Ras Tafarian restaurant in Shashamane, with elaborate painting of the Seal of Imperial Ethiopia. {Imperial Ethiopian Coat of Arms / Crest}…Ras Tafarian cuisine is majority vegan/vegetarian, raw food, and organic based.

[MORE NOTES: for study]

ETHIOPIAN-HEBREWS vid SHASHAMANE IS STILL THE ISSUE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aQmHgffLodE

NEGUSNEGESTITYOPIYAH vid _SLAVERY TO FREEDOM in SHASHAMANE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=spCSwk2RwAc

CNN REPORT: ETHIOPIAN WORLD FEDERATION HISTORIC 1948 LAND GRANT

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PZ1tDfiu4ks

Bob Marley(Birhane Selassie) SPEAKS ON THE LAND GRANT OF SHASHAMANE , HON. MINISTER LOUIS FARRAKHAN SPEAKS RAS TAFARI and ETHIOPIA; RAS IADINOS TÄFÄRÏ (of the L.O.J. SOCIETY CONCLUDES_

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&v=y7d–lBqCjw&NR=1

RSS # 25 (እዘዛቸው / צַו)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

IMG_0998

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Tẓ’ăw(v) – צַו, on the 13th – יג, & on the 14th ידof the month of Abïb – אָבִיב, (sometimes known as Nisan – נִיסָן), in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 25th – ፳፭, & on the 26th – ፳፮, of the month of Mägâbït – መጋቢት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as  Izzäzachäw – እዘዛቸው.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Leviticus 6:8 – 8:36

Jeremiah 7: 21- 8:3

Jeremiah 9: 22-24

Hebrews 7:23- 8:6

Now, for in summation of the study we have in front of us; In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, Moses receives further instructions from God about the laws and statutes for the “Sacrifices”/”Offerings,” that are to be administered by the preiesthood for the children of Israel.

tzaw - parsha (The Tabernacle (illustration from the 1901 Standard Eclectic Commentary))

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/purim/article_cdo/aid/644313/jewish/Zachor.htm

This portion of the study of the Scriptures, deals with the God’s instruction to Moses, in regards to the sacrifices(Korbanot קורבנות /Q’werban ቍርባን), in categorization.  Moses, addressed Aaron & his sons, [the priesthood] in accordance to the ordinances of the sacrifices.  Aaron & his descendants were to dress themselves in the garments of linen to administer the works within the tabernacle.

sacrifice-offerings-article

The offerings were to be prepared with flour, oil, frankincense and to be burnt upon the altar to God. What was left over was to be eaten by the priesthood with unleavened bread, in the Holy Place of the Mishkan(Tabernacle).

[Lev. 6:14-23]

tzaw - parsha [kohaniim-kahinat-qessoch-qessiim]

After the laws were laid for the foundations of the sacrifices/offerings, Moses was to consecrate his brother Aaron, and his sons(along with ALL his descendants) to be the anointed priesthood, to carry out the works of God for the children of Israel.

Moses, and his brother Aaron, carried out all of the instructions given to them by God.  In the wilderness they erected a Tabernacle, to the God that brought them out of bondage with the intent of bringing them to a land set forth for them to inherit.  Aaron’s sons were designated to perform the services of the Tabernacle upkeep, for the children of Israel.

tzaw - parsha - [Urim -n- T(h)ummim]

RSS # 24 (ጠርቶ/ וַיִּקְרָא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with V(W)aYikra – וַיִּקְרָא, on the 6th – ו, & on the 7th – ז, on the month of Abïb – אָבִיב, (sometimes known as Nisan – נִיסָן), in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 10th – ፲, & on the 12th – ፲፩, of the month of Mägâbït – መጋቢት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Ṭärtō – ጠርቶ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Leviticus 1:1- 6:7

Isaiah 43:21- 44:23

Hebrews 10: 1-18; 13: 10-15

For this week, in the portion of the study of the Scriptures, we’ve come to W(V)ayikra.  In the translation, the topic refers to the first line of the readings; “…& he called…”  The laws and ordinances of sacrifice were laid out for the children of Israel.  Moses receives the laws and statutes for the “Sacrifices”/”Offerings,” which are to be made for forgiveness/atonement for sins of the children of Israel. The details are explained to Moses, in relevance to the nature or the action, of the sin that may have been committed. Upon the realization of the sin, its offerings are categorized in different ways.

 

wayikra - parsha6

the sacrifice of an animal permissible for the action, was to take the place of the sinner, who had sinned against God, his commandments, or laws and statutes. Sin was forgiven by faith and repentance, but no because of the ultimate sacrifice, & fulfillment of Scriptures, Christ took on the sins of the world, like a Paschal Lamb of Passover.

wayikra - parsha (sacrifice-priesthood)

The Paschal Lamb was the unblemished animal which used to mark the doors of the Israelites on the night the 10th plague of the “Death of the First Born Of Egypt” was to pass through the land.

[Ex. 11:1- 12:13]

Christ established the new covenant with sacrificing himself, which also became revealed in his speaking over the sharing of the Passover Seder, with the apostles, in the Upper Room.

[Mt. 26:29]

wayikra - parsha (sacrifice-high-priest-sprinkling-blood)

The offering of sacrificial animals and grains were a strong focal point of the Torah, not bribe God, for every animal of the earth, God created, was and belonged to God, anyway.  Blood made a consecration and an atonement, with God. Blood is the life of flesh, so the blood makes atonement for the soul and the is symbolizes holiness through sacrifice. The sacrificial system made a representation of a life sacrificed for a life, with the wage of sin being death.

[Rm. 6:23]

wayikra - parsha (High_Priest_Offering_Incense_on_the_Altar)

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS # 22-23 (ሰብስቦ – ዕቃ ድምር ይህ ነው/ וַיַּקְהֵל – פְקוּדֵי)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regenartion of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of the Torah portion with W(V)ayakhel – וַיַּקְהֵל, from a Jewish/Hebrew mode of study for those out in the diaspora, living outside of Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the 5781 year, this Sabbath day would more than likely fall on the 28th – כד, & on the 29th – כה, of the month of  Adar-אֲדָר . (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to 2013/7513 year, in what is known as Seb’s’bo – ሰብስቦ; on the 3rd – ፫, & on the 4th – ፬, on the (ወርኀ) month of መጋቢት (Megabeet).  In the Scriptures, what is also known as . On the Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ)

Readings:

Exodus 35:1- 38:20

I Kings 7: 40-50

II Corinthians 9: 6-11

I Corinthians 3: 11-18

This portion of the study of the Scriptures, Moses gathers the children of Israel together to relay rules & regulations for the Sabbath, & how they are to conduct themselves and teach the following generations as a statute among them, forever.  Moses also gave instructions to the children of Israel for the construction of the Tabernacle.

[Exod. 35: 1-19]

Tabernacle (Mishkan-Dinkwan)

Moses, also explained that there would be two chosen among them that would offer their craftsmanship, and work to construct a place where God could come and dwell among the children of Israel while they made their way through the .  Then were found Betz’aleel ben-Uri (ben Uri= son of Uri), out of the tribe of Judah, & Aholiab ben-Achiycamakh (ben Achiycamakh= son of Akisamac) were called by God to be the chief artisans/masons of the Tabernacle in the wilderness.  But this didn’t exclude any of the wise-hearted (men or women: [Exod. 35: 20-26]), skilled and resourceful among the children of Israel to participate.

[Exod. 35: 20-35]

Aholiab & Betza'leel : skilled craftsmen of Israel

Aholiab & Betza’leel : skilled craftsmen of Israel

While the people brought willingly to God, the items for the construction of the Tabernacle, which they could  provide; it was brought to Moses’ attention that they brought more than what would be needed.  Moses then gave commandment and proclamation to the children of Israel that they be restrained from bringing anymore gifts/offerings to the builders and the wise-hearted for the service.

[Ex.36: 1-7]

terumah - parsha (contrubitions-gifts-offerings)

The children of Israel, then went on to construct the Tabernacle in the wilderness for YHWH to come and dwell amongst them.  Dividing the tasks of workmanship among each other, the Hebrews worked diligently constructed the ornaments of the Tabernacle, like the outer courts’ pillars, and the curtains.  The skilled and blessed craftsmen continued their work until all the vestments of the priests,and all of the furniture of the inner sanctum were completed.

israelite-mishkan(tabernacle)-complex-diagram

✡ (Pékūdei – Ϊ’Qă D’mr Y’h Näw) ✡

Exodus 38: 21 – 40:38

I Kings 7: 51- 8:21

Hebrews 1: 1-14

I Cor. 3: 16,17

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the accounting of the offerings given by the children of Israel’s contribution to the Mishkan(tabernacle), is taken by Moses and Aaron.  The continuous diligent works of the builders and wise hearted, not only contribute to the tent, and all its furniture, but the garments the priests they made also.

illustration-high-priest-garments

Even by census, did the children of Israel walk in the ways of the God of Israel.  The vestments of priesthood(Levites), along with all of the furnishings of theSanctuary and Outer Court were taken in by sum to complete the rising of the Tabernacle.

garments2

Moses, made a blessing upon all of the instruments that were set to be used by the children of Israel.  He also consecrated the priesthood which consisted of Aaron, and his descendants.  They were ordained to be the servicemen for the work of the Tabernacle.

tabernacle_by_shawn

Once the tabernacle was finished and all the furnishing were placed in the positions appointed; a cloud descended upon the tent, & did not part from it. By day; a cloud hovered over the tabernacle & by night; a pillar of fire dwelt above.

pekudei - parsha8

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

$16.99

RSS# 18 (ሥራዓት / מִּשְׁפָּטִים)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Mishpatim – מִּשְׁפָּטִים, on the 30th – ל, of the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָט, 7, & on the 1st- אof the month of Adar – , in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; on the 5th – , & on the 6th – , of the month of Yekátït – የካቲት.  These readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as;  S(h)’raut – ሥራዓት.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 21:1- 24:18

Jeremiah 34:8-22 ; chpt. 33: 25, 26

Matthew 5:38-42 ; chpt. 17: 1-11

 

Now, in summation of the study we have in front of us, this portion of the study of the Scriptures, laws/ordinances/judgments for the Passover(Pesach – פסח / Fasika – ፋሲካ) are set out.  In addition to the Decalogue(Ten Commandments/Words), another series of laws were given to Moses, to give to the children of Israel. This has been accounted for as the covenant upon Mount Sinai (or the Sinaitic Covenant).  God commands Moses, Aaron, & Aaron’s sons: Nadab and Abihu, to ascend the mountain.

[Ex. 24:9-11]

Covenant Code(detailed statutes)

[Exodus 21-23]

ELoHIM upon Mt Sinai

The instituting of Hebrews,( in particular the men ), to show up or appear, before God three times was established, with these detailed statutes.

Laws and ordinances, on servitude, child rearing, crime, and other aspects, are covered for the children of Israel to observe and do.  This has been accounted for as the covenant upon Mount Sinai.

Feast of Unleavened Bread

(Passover – פֶּסַח), is a memorial of the Exodus from Egypt. It also observes, the avoiding all leavened grain products and similar foods of consumption.  Most families or communities tell stories of the Exodus traditionally. Pesach(Passover) usually lasts eight days (for some others it may comprise seven days): Passover’s equivalent in Ethiopian Jewish/Hebrew tradition is called (Fasika – ፋሲካ) from other translated sources Fasika, is the equivalent for the meaning from/into Easter; in the English. Fasika has been an upkeep from the traditions and teachings of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church, since around fourth century A.D.  Even, for what is known as a Christian church, this festival of Fasika(Easter/Passover) holds significance than what is known as Christmas. Fasika succeeds an approx., 56-day fasting period, which is has certain relevancy to the Western Christian ideas of Lent. Fasika, is known to be a a day of high celebration.

fasika-drum16

Also, in continuance of the giving of the laws, statutes and commandments, along with the judgments of YHWH; the children of Israel were also given more times of observances for the Hebrew people.  These observances have become, what is known as the Moed’im – מועדים.

http://www.yashanet.com/studies/revstudy/rev3.htm

The people of Israel, proclaimed that they would hear obey the commands of YHWH.

http://www.messianic-torah-truth-seeker.org/Torah/Pesach/Pesach.html

Now, the second of these important feasts is the Feast of Weeks/Harvest, (Shav(b)uot/KH’ag Shab(v)uotחג שבעות) commemorates the day God gave the Torah/the LAW to the entire nation of Israel which had come to be assembled at Mount Sinai.  Shavuot is linked to Passover, it also concludes the Counting of the Omer, of the seven weeks/counting of God’s festivals.

harvest-shavuot

and at the Feast of Tabernacles/Succoth. (Sukkot – סֻכּוֹת) The Feast of the Ingathering, is celebrated on the 15th day of the month of Tisrei, on the Hebrew/Jewish calendar. Moses told the children of Israel to gather for a reading of the Law during Sukkot every seventh year (Deut. 31:10-11).  Sukkot is a seven day holiday, and part of what is known in Jewish tradition as the Chol HaMoed(festival weekdays). Observance of Sukkot is detailed in the Book of this week’s Torah portion.

[Exodus 23:14]

sukkot4

In this portion of the Scriptures, important observances for the children of Israel, which have now become known as the Shalosh Regalim.

(or commonly known as the three national High Holy Days of Israel)

After this establishment Moses, was then summoned by God to ascend the mountain where he remained for forty days and forty nights.

Amharic Bible Dict. - የመጽሐፍ ቅዱስ መዝገበ ቃላት (book cover)

Ethiopian Bible Society’s Amharic Holy Bible Dictionary

NEW PRINTED EDITION!!! AVAILABLE (Outside of Ethiopia)! The official “AMHARIC DICTIONARY OF THE HOLY BIBLE.” Originally compiled as a study companion to the 1961-62′ Authorized Revised Amharic Bible, during the times H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I of Ethiopia, sometimes referred to as the “Emperor’s Bible.” This revised and reloaded edition printed from Valiancy Publishing continues the tradition of Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Christianity intense study & application of the Holy Bible.

$19.99

RSS# 17 (ዮቶር / יִתְרוֹ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Yitro – יִתְרוֹ, on the 23rd – כג, & on the 24th – כדof the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָטin the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; on the 28th – ፳፰, & on the 29th – ፳፱, of the month of T’rጥር.  These readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as;  Yotor – ዮቶር.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 18:1- 20:23

Isaiah 6:1- 7:6

Isaiah 9:5-6

Matthew 5:8-20

Now, for in summation of the study we have in front of us; In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, Jethro (Yitro in Hebrew; Yotor in Amharic), Moses’ father-in-law, hears the all that has happened in Egypt. The miracles of Israel’s departure from Egypt, GOD’s guidance through the wilderness, & his help in the defeat of the enemies of the children of Israel.

Moses-And-Tzipporah-the-prince-of-the-egypt

Now, the children of Israel have sojourned to the dwelling of Moses’ wife(Ts’pporah) and father-in-law’s, land in Midian & pitched camp. Jethro, then advises Moses on structuring the command of the children of Israel into a sort of order of civil officers, after bringing his wife and two sons(Gershom; who’s name has the meaning of “I have been an foreigner in a strange land,” & Eliazar; who’s name has the meaning of, “the GOD of my father, is mine help & delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh”) from Midian to the wilderness.

israel exodus out of egypt map

Jethro, then entreats the GOD of Israel, sighting him as greater then all gods. Then Jethro took a burnt offering and sacrificed to the GOD of Israel, & broke bread with Moses, Aaron, & all the elders of Israel.

Moses, takes heed to his father-in-law’s words, & assembles all the tribes of Israel and appoints heads over them.  These heads(of the tribes) would discern small matters and only bring matters that were of great concern to Moses, to not wear heavy on him, burdens of an entire nation.

Moshe & the 70 elders of Israel

In the third month, of the coming out of Egypt, Israel came to the wilderness of Sinai, from Rephidim. Moses went up the Mount, in the wilderness & GOD spoke to him, calling for Israel to become a nation of priests & a holy nation

– [Ex. 19:5]

Jewish/Hebrew calendarformulated at Hebrew4Christians.com

Whenever GOD came to speak to Moses, to lay out instructions for Israel to follow, GOD came in a cloud of fire upon the Mount in Sinai. Moses then, took instructions of GOD to sanctify the children of Israel & to command them not to come near the mountain, for if they did, they would surely be put to death. Man or beast, should not come near the mountain in the wilderness.

[Ex. 19:1-13]

yitro - parsha [wilderness]

The GOD of Israel also gives to Moses and the Israelites, what is known as the Ten Commandments. No one else goes up, upon the mountain to meet GOD but Moses. Aaron, his sons & the elders of Israel come with Moses but they leave Moses to go further up to receive the instructions at the height of the mountain.

moses_ethiopian

It came to pass on the third day when it was morning, that there were thunder claps and lightning flashes, and a thick cloud was upon the mountain, and a very powerful blast of a shofar, and the entire nation that was in the camp shuddered.

–Exodus 19:16

 

Nash Papyrus2nd cent. Hebrew Decalogue

(613 Mitzvot-Commandmaents)

http://www.jewfaq.org/613.htm

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS# 6 (ትውልድም ይህ ነው / תּוֹלְדֹת)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regenartion of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with Toldot – תּוֹלְדֹת.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5781, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 4th –  ד, & the 5th – ה, of the month of Kislew(v) – כִּסְלֵו, for this week, in this mode of study; for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2013/7513, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 11th – ፲፩, & the 12th – ,  of the (ወርኀ)month of Ch’ədár – ኅዳር.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Tíwíld’m Y’h Näw – ትውልድም ይህ ነውThe Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – (ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 25: 19- 28:9

Malachi 1: 1- 2:7

Romans 9: 1-31

Samuel 20: 18-42*

toldot - parsha4

This week’s portion of the study of the Scriptures, is Toldot, by Hebrew meaning “generations“, pertaining to descent.  Coincidentally, the readings begin the Rebekah enduring a long period of time where she was barren; having no child with her husband, IsaacIsaac loved Rebekah dearly, & pleaded God on her behalf.

[Gen. 25: 20-21]

His prayers were accounted for and God blessed them, because Rebekah conceived.

[Gen. 25: 19-23]

Rebekah & Isaac

Rebekah was due to give birth to twins, in which God spoke to her, saying that that were two nations that struggled within her.

modern sculpture of story of the twins of Rebekah & Issac _ by Charles Sherman

modern sculpture of story of the twins of Rebekah & Issac _ by Charles Sherman

Two manner of people, that would be separated from her.  One would be stronger than the other, and the older would serve the younger.  Thus Esau & Jacob were born to, Rebekah &Isaac.  Esau was a skilled hunter, Jacob was a simple man, dwelling in tents, wholesome.  But, leaving a man of the field to match wits with a man of intellect, Jacob was able to convince Esau to give up his birthright. (But Esau, despising his birthright made it all but difficult)

[Gen. 25: 24-34]

Jacob (L) & Esau (R) _ painting by James J. Tissot

After convincing Esau to give up his birthright, Jacob, with the help of his mother Rebekah also was able to receive a blessing from his father, Isaac. ( a blessing that was meant for Esau)

Esau, even took wives from among the Hittites, which was of concern for Rebekah & Isaac.

[Gen. 26]

Isaac blessing Jacob -by Gustave Dore' from the 1865 La Sainte Bible

Esau, then recognizes what his brother has done to him & despises him for it.  Rebekah, once again help Jacob, making him flee to her brother Laban, because his brother’s anger was kindled against.  Rebekah also sought that her son Jacob should not take a wife from among the children of Heth.

[Gen. 27]

Jacob & Laban (the Syrian/Aramaen)

Esau seeing that he blessed Jacob, & charged him not to take a wife of the children of Canaan, he(Esau) went to Ismael, & took wives of his people.

[Gen. 28: 1-9]

** NOTES: for further study **

sigd6

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion book

the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

✡ Símcḥát Tōráh (שִׂמְחַת תּוֹרָה) ✤ YeDästá Ōrït (የደስታ ኦሪት) ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

simchat torah - rabbi wentworth a. matthew and the blk jews of harlem(valley of dry bones-rudolph windsor)

This is Lidj Yefdi, wishing everyone a very blessed Símchat Toráh/YeDästa Orit!

Ras Tafari Renaissance is as always thankful and appreciative of the responses from those who continue to check out the work here and send their opinions, and commentary.  In this post we turn our attention to the Hebraic celebration of Símchat Toráh, which literally means the “Rejoicing Over the Torah,” or simply the “Joy of the Torah.” This celebration is usually commemorated with joyous dancing, and singing from those who do their best to uphold the teachings of the Torah.  This celebration is also a memorial to the continuous diligent study of the Torah, as one cycle of portions comes to completion, a new cycle begins (though arguably could be said to be one cycle, all in the same.)

succoth - simchat torah (Tabernacles _ Torah) das beal - yedesta orit

– credit image to hebrew4christians.com

As Shemini Atz’eret always comes at a coincidental conjunction to Simchat Torah, by western Gregorian calendar calculations it usually has an occurance between late September – mid October.

These two holidays (speaking of Shemini Atz’eret/ Simchat Torah)  are commonly thought of as part of Sukkot, they both also center a theme on the Torah (rightfully so).  Sukkot, of course being originally and still referenced as an agricultural holiday, there are many prayers, songs, gatherings centered on the significance of rain.  The rain, obviously being extremely vital for the cultivation of crops shows a point of exploration into understanding the Holy day in depth. But, in the modern sense of study, of the Torah, in relation to this holiday it also has significance to the Reform Judaism sects [or even Messianic Judaism ], especially pertaining to the Moshiach (the Messiah).

shemini atzeret - simchat torah (Ethiopian Hebrew app)

During this seasonal celebration, the Ark (addressing the Torah Scroll [Sefer Torah], with its accessories; usually dressed well dressed depending upon the congregation and the contributions brought or put forward to decorate.  The Torah Scroll, is removed from the compartments sometimes known as the Ark, (as the Ark of the Covenant, from the times of the Exodus out of Egypt the tablets of the “Ten Commandments” [rightfully known as the 10 Words] was housed inside the Ark, on the trek through the wilderness).

simchat torah4

In most Hebraic congregations or gatherings, the Torah scroll is paraded, sing over, embraced by the entire congregation, is applicable as the students and teachers of the ancient texts is revered among the all the community as a testament (or testimony) to the universal law and appreciation of the spiritual strength of the Torah.

commandmentkeeperssynagogue

Notes:

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Simchat_Torah/simchat_torah.html

Numb. 29:35

Neh. 8:18

http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday6.htm

II Chron. 7:9

Lev. 23:36

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simchat_Torah

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4689/jewish/Shemini-Atzeret-Simchat-Torah.htm

RSS# 53 (አድምጡ / הַאֲזִינוּ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Ha’azinu – הַאֲזִינוּ, on the 7thז, & on the 8thח, of the month of Tishreï – תִּשְׁרִי‎, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as, AdímT’u – አድምጡ.  This would calculate as the 11th – ፲፭, & the 12th ፲፮, of the month of Mäskäräm – መስከረም.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – (ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Deuteronomy 32: 1-52

II Samuel 22: 1-51

Romans 10:14 – 11:12

“Seek the LORD while he may be found; call upon him while he is near. Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts; let him return to the LORD, that he may have compassion on him, and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.”

[Isa. 55:6-7]

haazinu - parsha [song of moses]

This reading of the Scriptures translates from the Hebrew as, “Listen.”  This provides a vivid imagery as Moses gives his testimony of the children of Israel’s journey.  Moses also gives his account which he received from God, about the land of Promise, and how God intends to heal the land which he Promised, and to make it fertile.

[Deut. 32: 1-14]

haazinu -parsha3

Jeshurun, or “Israel the Upright,” grew greatly, but took the wonderful position it had with God for granted. These things like: going after foreign gods and unfaithfulness, God sought to provoke the children of Israel to be moved jealousy and anger, which those of no nation; a foolish people.  He would also consume them{Israel} with burning hunger, and beasts would devour them, not regarding the young or the old.

[Deut. 32: 15-27]

Prayers Reaching To The Heavens. [Deut. 32: 1-3]

Prayers Reaching To The Heavens. [Deut. 32: 1-3]

The foolish nation, that would be void of counsel, would also be distinguishable from the children of Israel, because their ways would resemble Sodom & Gomorrah.

[Deut. 32: 28-43]

haazinu - parsha [mount nebo]

Moses, then was told by God to go up Mount Nebo, on Abarim, where he would be gathered to his ancestors.  Moses knew the time had come for him to pass on.  He knew that he disobeyed God at Meribah, in Kadesh-Barnea; he also, in so many words,…”placed his eggs, all in one basket, vying for the lives of the wayward children of Israel.

debarim-parsha-moses-see-the-promised-land-_-painting-by-james-jacques-tissot

 

 

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

- the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one's self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99