Tag Archives: Hasidim

✡ Cḥănukkăh (የመቅደስ መታደስ በዓል / חֲנֻכָּה ): Festival of Lights/Feasts of Dedication ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

Our Ras Tafari culture & heritage, gives us a discipline to follow so that we retain, our ancestry, spiritually, mentally & physically.  In continuing our studies and bringing about a progressive consciousness, we here at RRR intend to bring about the education and mores of a commendable community acceptable to its Supreme Being and not deviating from the original or true intent of its humble beginnings.  Staying in the lines of that context and adding onto the elements that make up the Ras Tafari collective mentality of the connectivity of this “way of life” that reflects the combination of religious ideals, community accountability, and reaffirmation reinforcement.

Going forward, we continue our studies in the examination of the original historical events of the past which have been tied to religious tradition, we’ve come now to the celebration of the Cḥănūkăh.

Contrary to the many modern interpretations of this Mōedïm(Appointed Time/Holiday/Holy Day), Ch’anukkah is NOT a western ideological equivalent to “Christmas.”  Throughout the many centuries that have passed since the actual happenings of this significant event, there have been modifications to the recognition of this event.  But, in going bit deeper than what is presented on the surface of available information spread throughout the world today, we find Ch’anukkah to be a shining example and lesson of the struggle for survival of the Hebraic culture & faith.

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _ Seleucid Empire/ Σελεύκεια/ Seleúkeia (310 - 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _   Seleucid Empire/
Σελεύκεια/
Seleúkeia (310 – 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire was established during the time of Alexander the “Great.”  His infantry general, Seleucus I Nicantor, was whom the Empire of the Near East gets its name sake from established tributary dominions in accordance to the Hellenistic Greco period.

coinage of Seleucus I

coinage of Seleucus I

During the reign of Alexander the Great, his armies conquered Syria, Egypt and Palestine, but allowed the lands under his control to continue observing their own religions and retain a certain degree of autonomy. Under this relatively benevolent rule, many Hebraic-Judeans assimilated much of Hellenistic culture(Greek), adopting the language, the customs and the dress of the Greeks, in ways like many immigrants adopt to the country of their newly found domicile upon settlement.

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

More than a century later, one of the four successors of Alexander, Antiochus IV was in control of that region. He began to oppress the Israelites of the region severely, placing a Hellenistic priest in the Temple of Jerusalem, massacring them, prohibiting the practice of the faith as they had centuries before, and desecrating the Temple by requiring the sacrifice not acceptable by the law of YHWH (Hebraic God) taught by Moses on the altar.

chanukah11

This led to outrage for the utter disregard and attempted humiliation of the Israelites of the region.  Two groups then arose and opposed Antiochus: simply a  nationalistic group led by Mattathias the Hasmonean, and his son Judah Maccabee(“the Hammer“), and a religious traditionalist group of that time known as the Chasidim/Chasideans, some interpret them as being the proceeding to the Pharisees (no direct connection to the modern movement known as Chasidic Judaism or Chasidim).

Chart from hebrew4christians.com

The two groups joined into what would be known as the Maccabean Revolt (16 against both the assimilation of the Hellenistic Jews and oppression by the Seleucid Greek government.) The revolution succeeded and the Temple was in so many words re- consecration.

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Maccabees/Hasmonean (Levites)Levi/Lewi

Essenes/Chasideans (Judahites)Judah

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/7316-hasidaeans

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

 

So, in summation of the events that brought about the commemoration of the Moedim(Hebraically) of the recognition of Ch’anukkah; it is the cognitive celebration over the victory of the religious, traditional, & “heritage keepers” (so, to speak) over the internal subtle subversion, and the external threats of domination.

** SPECIAL NOTES : links **

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/article_cdo/aid/102978/jewish/The-Story-of-Chanukah.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasideans

www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5867-essenes

https://ia801406.us.archive.org/20/items/fivebooksofmacca00cott/fivebooksofmacca00cott.pdf

(Five Apocryphal Books of Maccabees [pdf] Oxford Univ.)

http://www.seleucid-genealogy.com/Home.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucid_Empire

 –  http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/kwanzaa-history

(History Channel – Kwanzaa)

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwanzaa

✡ Cḥănukkăh (የመቅደስ መታደስ በዓል / חֲנֻכָּה ): Festival of Lights/Feasts of Dedication ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

Our Ras Tafari culture & heritage, gives us a discipline to follow so that we retain, our ancestry, spiritually, mentally & physically.  In continuing our studies and bringing about a progressive consciousness, we here at RRR intend to bring about the education and mores of a commendable community acceptable to its Supreme Being and not deviating from the original or true intent of its humble beginnings.  Staying in the lines of that context and adding onto the elements that make up the Ras Tafari collective mentality of the connectivity of this “way of life” that reflects the combination of religious ideals, community accountability, and reaffirmation reinforcement.

Going forward, we continue our studies in the examination of the original historical events of the past which have been tied to religious tradition, we’ve come now to the celebration of the Cḥănūkăh.

Contrary to the many modern interpretations of this Mōedïm(Appointed Time/Holiday/Holy Day), Ch’anukkah is NOT a western ideological equivalent to “Christmas.”  Throughout the many centuries that have passed since the actual happenings of this significant event, there have been modifications to the recognition of this event.  But, in going bit deeper than what is presented on the surface of available information spread throughout the world today, we find Ch’anukkah to be a shining example and lesson of the struggle for survival of the Hebraic culture & faith.

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _ Seleucid Empire/ Σελεύκεια/ Seleúkeia (310 - 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _   Seleucid Empire/
Σελεύκεια/
Seleúkeia (310 – 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire was established during the time of Alexander the “Great.”  His infantry general, Seleucus I Nicantor, was whom the Empire of the Near East gets its name sake from established tributary dominions in accordance to the Hellenistic Greco period.

coinage of Seleucus I

coinage of Seleucus I

During the reign of Alexander the Great, his armies conquered Syria, Egypt and Palestine, but allowed the lands under his control to continue observing their own religions and retain a certain degree of autonomy. Under this relatively benevolent rule, many Hebraic-Judeans assimilated much of Hellenistic culture(Greek), adopting the language, the customs and the dress of the Greeks, in ways like many immigrants adopt to the country of their newly found domicile upon settlement.

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

More than a century later, one of the four successors of Alexander, Antiochus IV was in control of that region. He began to oppress the Israelites of the region severely, placing a Hellenistic priest in the Temple of Jerusalem, massacring them, prohibiting the practice of the faith as they had centuries before, and desecrating the Temple by requiring the sacrifice not acceptable by the law of YHWH (Hebraic God) taught by Moses on the altar.

chanukah11

This led to outrage for the utter disregard and attempted humiliation of the Israelites of the region.  Two groups then arose and opposed Antiochus: simply a  nationalistic group led by Mattathias the Hasmonean, and his son Judah Maccabee(“the Hammer“), and a religious traditionalist group of that time known as the Chasidim/Chasideans, some interpret them as being the proceeding to the Pharisees (no direct connection to the modern movement known as Chasidic Judaism or Chasidim).

The two groups joined into what would be known as the Maccabean Revolt (16 against both the assimilation of the Hellenistic Jews and oppression by the Seleucid Greek government.) The revolution succeeded and the Temple was in so many words re- consecration.

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Maccabees/Hasmonean (Levites)Levi/Lewi

Essenes/Chasideans (Judahites)Judah

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/7316-hasidaeans

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

 

So, in summation of the events that brought about the commemoration of the Moedim(Hebraically) of the recognition of Ch’anukkah; it is the cognitive celebration over the victory of the religious, traditional, & “heritage keepers” (so, to speak) over the internal subtle subversion, and the external threats of domination.

** SPECIAL NOTES : links **

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/article_cdo/aid/102978/jewish/The-Story-of-Chanukah.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasideans

www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5867-essenes

https://ia801406.us.archive.org/20/items/fivebooksofmacca00cott/fivebooksofmacca00cott.pdf

(Five Apocryphal Books of Maccabees [pdf] Oxford Univ.)

http://www.seleucid-genealogy.com/Home.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucid_Empire

 –  http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/kwanzaa-history

(History Channel – Kwanzaa)

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwanzaa

Ras Tafari, “Are You A KH’assid/Orthodox Jew?”

Greetings, in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

416951_10152196717220147_1724870670_n

 to ALL who all have taken, & may take some time to check out these posts that give an insight to my Ras Tafari perspective along with those I have pulled information, historical discussion(fact & fiction) from, I hope that this brings about an understanding that wasn’t present before.  Also, to those who may have shunned or written off those who may sight Ras Tafari adherence as unorthodox to certain principles; I make my own sincere case in hopes that the reasons for those who dismiss Ras Tafari adherents, are explained in a clearer sense now.  This is a credo of mine that I present, to the best of my ability, the things that have taken hold in my discernment over a period of time that have come to be proved in actuality factual.  For others I would hope that the postings that I dispense here are “weighed on a scale” or so to speak; because, I would rather people know & stand on truth in its literal sense as opposed to its relevant sense.  I’m not providing these thoughts to showcase a mountain of knowledge to set myself above anyone.  But, I do intend to present the development of one who acknowledges the Ras Tafari principles, the way of life, & the head of the order: the King of Kings of Ethiopia, as the shining example of humanity.

FORWARD!!!

So, if one was a Ras Tafari, it is certain that many questions have come from many directions as to what they do, what they see as truth(seeing as how truth has become very elusive, in a relevancy state), & how the goals of Ras Tafari fit into the scope of the world today.

Many discoveries, & cultural ties, but very few identifiable materials have made the Ras Tafari presence relevant to the dynamics of its disposition in mainstream media. Wherein, a number of inquiries about what or why, people of Ras Tafari are doing certain things in this day in age come about.  For instance;

{ SO WHY DO RASTAS USE/HAVE JEWISH STARS-(THE STAR OF DAVID)? }…

Bob & Rita Marley's beautiful daughter; Cedella Marley wearing what is known as the Star of David.

Bob & Rita Marley‘s beautiful daughter; Cedella Marley wearing what is known as the Star of David. [More correctly the Shield of Jacob/Star of Jacob according to Numb. 24:17 (KJV)]

-one/third of the Ras Tafari founders, proudly sporting an array of what seems to be Moorish garbs, with Ethiopian Bandera colors adorning his neck; along with a cross & Magen David/cross fusion. (a symbol very prevalent from the East)

one/fourth of the Ras Tafari founders, proudly sporting an array of what seems to be Moorish garb, with the Ethiopian Bandera colors adorning his neck; along with a cross & Magen David/cross fusion. (a symbol very prevalent from the East)

This Imperial Coat of Arms holds the story of the Judaism & Christianity's acceptance into Ethiopia, through its vivid symbolism. (The Conquering Lion of Judah, carrying the banner with the Cross: Angel(left) holding the sword of truth & scales of justice: Angel(right) holding the Imperial scepture: covered by a red mantle with the Imperial Crown.

This Imperial Coat of Arms holds the story of the Judaism & Christianity‘s acceptance into Ethiopia, through its vivid symbolism. (The Conquering Lion of Judah, carrying the banner with the Cross: Angel(left) holding the sword of truth & scales of justice: Angel(right) holding the Imperial sceptre: covered by a red mantle with the Imperial Crown.

this variation includes the three major religions that reside in Ethiopia: Judaism, Christianity & Islam.

this variation includes the three Abrahamic  religions that reside in Ethiopia: Judaism (symbolized in the Shield/Star of Jacob), Christianity (symbolized in the Cross) & Islam (symbolized in the crescent Moon).

{ SO RASTA, ARE YOU JEWISH? }

{ ARE YOU ORTHODOX? }_these question may arise out of, referring to specific hats & other material I’ve (or maybe others) worn in public, that may resemble Orthodox Judaic practices.

So, I came across a number of very interesting posts & messages some time ago that caught my attention about Ras Tafari & its affinity to a Hebrew concept.  Ras Tafari is already known for their connections to Christianity from an Ethiopic root, which can easily extend to Africa in a continental scope.  Also, seeing as how they revere an African monarch, who reigned over a Christian kingdom.  But with Christianity being known in the world as a sort of, by-product of the Hebrew faith, many people have questioned the Ras Tafari ability to “connect-the-dots” (or so to speak) to a possible Hebrew or Jewish connection.

http://daghettotymz.com/current/rasjew/rasjew.html

The above link was probably one of the most critical, but enlightening write-ups I’ve seen about Ras Tafari, from a writer outside of any Ras Tafari ideology or practice.

…this article was written by M’Bwebe Ishangi, who has produced controversial, but extremely intriguing pieces.  Its obvious that the research put into to the projects completed and those to come have inspired this individual to create an atmosphere for the development of spreading African history, and cultural awareness which is distorted among the world educational platform….

I encourage any of you, who are really seeking to learn more about African history aside from what any of you may or may not have received from your schooling to check out the works of this site.  It will surely spark something in you to engage in more prolific works.

(such as this, I, personally honor the works of the above platform in media for producing the critical thinking of the masses of people)

I will admit that some of the points made in this article were elaborately drawn-out conclusions, but without fact for a few of them (maybe it was intentional to spark thought) ; for example, the suggested rape of the Queen of Sheba by King Solomon…surely controversial, & a possibility with the story told to one, who may have heard it only a few times, & not in its entirety.  But, in the article the mentioning of the only other account of the story of the Queen of Sheba & King Solomon outside Scriptural references (taking in account the Holy Bible & Holy Qu’ran) was that of the Ethiopian manuscripts of the Kebra Nagast[ከብረ ነገስት], or translated by E.A.W. Budge from the Ge’ez language of the ancient Ethiopic to English as the “the Glory of the Kings;” this discovered literature makes mention of the Queen of Sheba’s visit to Jerusalem from an entirely different perspective from that of the Bible or Qu’ran.  The writer makes an educated assumption but for a Ras Tafari who was too curious about the story, myself, I couldn’t take this account of it seriously for this point (suggested rape) considering the author of this challenging article hasn’t read from the translated work of Budge, nor the ancient story in its original language.  So, like I mentioned earlier in this post it can be suggested that the writer of the above controversial and thought provoking article could indeed have had the intention of sparking interest into a more critical and self searching appeal to the masses; instead of taking everything that is put out by mas media forms for “face-value.” (Which I commend, wholeheartedly)

Makeda_sheba's travels to israel

sheba.solomon

Kebra_Nagast

Song Of Songs 1:5"...black but comely..."THE QUEEN OF THE SOUTH. THE EMPRESS OF AXUM(Aksum). THE QUEEN OF SHEBA(Saba).

Mak’ida(ማክዳ)
מלכת שבא(Malkat Sheba)
ንግሥተ ሳባ(Nigist Saba)
ملكة سبأ‎(Malikat Saba)
Song Of Songs 1:5
“…black but comely…”
Matthew 12:42 & Luke 11:31
THE QUEEN OF THE SOUTH
II Kings 10
THE QUEEN OF SHEBA
EMPRESS OF AXUM:
ruler of Ethiopia and Yemen (ruled 1005-955 BC)

&, to think that the “Glory of Kings,” speaking of the great Solomonic dynasty of Ethiopia could possibly be put on the record as the first king of Ethiopia & Israel; ruling simultaneously, as a bastard child, would surely be “one for the books,” but of course, this is most certainly not so. Though, Solomon was most cunning in his pursuit of the beautiful Queen of Sheba, he was surely smitten by her & though she was wary of her ancient customary traditions, & voiced them to Solomon; she was also just as drawn to him as he was to her. Hence, the granting of lands in Solomon’s dominion were given to Sheba, along with many treasures, too much more to name.  Finally the birth of a son who would renew the kingdom of Israel in Ethiopia would come.  This explanation that I’m bringing forth to clarify the story of the happenings between Solomon & Sheba is not to discredit the writings of anyone, especially this well-written article by M’Bwele Ishangi who has clearly produced works extensive in African history, but to bring about a need to go deeper into the story & traditions that brought about the Ras Tafari understanding of their roots as Israelites, as well as, Ethiopians(Africans).  Not to forget that, more & more discoveries of literature, excavations & so much more are still being discovered to give more validity to the not only the relationship that Sheba & Solomon shared but, the lineage that sprung forth from it.

http://nazret.com/blog/index.php/2012/06/21/ethiopia-dna-clues-to-queen-of-sheba-tale

http://ees.kuleuven.be/water2011/excursions/images/index.html?sld=sheba

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/1082648.stm

Mar'ib Dam inscription in Yemen(Saba)

writing on artifacts mirror the writing in Yemen, but these were found in a Temple in Yeha; Northern Ethiopian.

writing on artifacts mirror the writing in Yemen, but these were found in a Temple in Yeha; Northern Ethiopia.

shebahead

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/cultures/sheba_01.shtml

Messianic Jews of the Aksumite kingdom. Flag dates back to possible the 1st century AD.

Messianic Jews of the Aksumite kingdom. Flag dates back to possible the 1st century AD.

Again, I commend Mr. Ishangi for his proposed questions & challenges to the legitimacy of the “Jewish” roots of Ras Tafari. Only the diligent & disciplined need to engage in a civil & mature discussion on topics as these. (& To the daghettotymz establishment) I appreciate the concern & attention to Ras Tafari place in history.

Shalom/Selam*

[I greet the workers of the Da Ghetto Tymz estbl. in “PEACE”]

 b'nei leKHem

There are many more who have brought up the inquiries of Hebraic culture within Ras Tafari and what people know as Black people of today across the globe. The dissemination of the relationships between Black people and Jewish people has had many examinations from even many more different angles and viewpoints.  These ideas should be explored, as well; for instance, the encompassing work of the Nation of Islam‘s Most Honourable Minister Louis Farrakhan, works; (peace be upon him)*

Min. Louis Farrakhan with (Nation of Islam's) literary work; "The Secret Relationship Between Blacks & Jews Vol. 1 & 2"

Min. Louis Farrakhan with (Nation of Islam‘s) literary work; “The Secret Relationship Between Blacks & Jews Vol. 1 & 2

srbj1

srbj

http://store.finalcall.com/ProductDetails.asp?ProductCode=BK+SECRET

Vol 1; above link

http://store.finalcall.com/ProductDetails.asp?ProductCode=BK+SECRET+II

Vol 2; above link

This literary goes into explaining the Jewish people’s role in the lives of Black peoples(if you please), negatively & positively. Bringing details about very sensitive subjects immersed in fact.  So without giving away anymore detail & derailing any of you from checking out the work.  I’ll leave the rest up to your research & curiosity.

In a quest of soul searching, & self-identification, daughter of Alice Walker & Mel Levanthal; Rebecca Levanthal Walker gives her story in an outlook of her life.

In a quest of soul searching, & self-identification, daughter of Alice Walker & Mel Levanthal; Rebecca Levanthal Walker gives her story in an outlook of her life.

http://www.racetimeplace.com/ugrr/slavelawsofvirginiasince1705.htm

Why Jews Supported Black Causes_Interview with Kevin MacDonald, PhD.

http://www.realjewnews.com/?p=472

a very detailed & telling literary work of the relationship Black people in America & Jewish people shared during turbulent times.

a very detailed & telling literary work of the relationship Black people in America & Jewish people shared during turbulent times.

[ HEBREW OR SO-CALLED NEGRO? ]

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NxdraywgedY

How Jews Became White Folks by Karen Brodkin

http://realhistoryww.com/world_history/ancient/Misc/Jesus/Jesus.htm

9780195333565

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9J2yX-nEejY

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qhTlJA4e6fw

Blair Underwood in the "The Second Coming". find it very interesting that Mr. Underwood supposedly has an Ebo/Igbo heritage, as well & presents the depiction of Christ. (PRAY THAT THE MOST BLESSES HIM, FOR HIS COURAGE TO SPEAK DEEPLY WITH HIS ART)

Blair Underwood in the “The Second Coming”. find it very interesting that Mr. Underwood supposedly has an Ebo/Igbo heritage, as well & presents the depiction of Christ. (PRAY THAT THE MOST BLESSES HIM, FOR HIS COURAGE TO SPEAK DEEPLY WITH HIS ART)

 

41F7la7xHfL

So, to bring about an understanding of what people see in the Ras Tafarian culture, symbolism, & such, is simply self-expression of lineage, history, & the regeneration of identification. The usage of certain symbols in Jewish folklore and tradition come from specific teachings of the authors the Masoretic texts of the Torah & Talmud. (the Masoretes; 7th-10th century CE)בעלי המסורה -Ba’ali HaMasorah

[ Hip-Hop Artist/Rapper Jay Electronica gives his take on Jewish history ]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M8B7zaVMG2k

The question about those who are considered black & have an affinity to things categorized as “Jewish,” should not be so over bearing to the point of overly stressed investigation. As if, there is to be something to be found faulty about, because possibly there could be no way that anyone could be “black” & Jewish at the same time without intermarriage being the precursor. (take, for instance, the continuous speculation of hip hop artist “Shyne” Jamal Barrow-Moses Levy( מושח בן לוי -Moshe ben Levy ) : who just so happens to be not only Ethiopian and Belizean, in descent, but Jewish, as well. Though he has had his journey in hardships, pain & trevail, I myself, wonder, if the consistent lack of acceptance weighs more on him. (like the troubles the Beta Israel-Ethiopian Jews have faced, since their arrival in the State of Israel, which has its congruency to the plight of Blacks in America) His Jewish ancestry is constantly on a probationary status among many people, who just don’t seem to accept it. Even with all of this taking its toll, he strives to present himself a man of honesty, and integrity, which he should be commended for.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O-FbGBnXcDE

youtube= http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGxHW-Ua77I

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGxHW-Ua77I

Now, I know that I have taken you all through alot, but to fully understand the message I’am trying to convey all boils down to this, one cannot know where there are going until they know where they’ve been.  In learning where an individuals’ roots lie, one can begin to start carving out their own destiny, making decisions based upon their own understanding of their background. (ie. strengths & weaknesses)  In the case of the Ras Tafari; I don’t believe I could say more than they already have about how they feel about their culture, history, & heritage.  “The proof is clearly in the pudding!”(proverbially)  But, in all seriousness to question the revelations of the early Ras Tafari principles & those generations who were brought up or came into the teachings of the same.  To this extent of overbearing discontent, this type of person would have to question or tackle a mountain of information; not to mention their own beliefs, to the point of discrediting themselves.

We must also take into account that before there was a Jewish nation, there was a Jewish tribe, that tribe was apart of the Hebrew/Israelite nation. The establishment of the tribes of Israel doesn’t come until after Jacob, the son of Isaac, has 12-twelve sons. These twelve would be the progenitors of the tribes of Israel. (Genesis 29:32 – 35:18)

So, to answer the curious questions of inquiries I’ve received & probably many others have as well,…the Ras Tafari usage of things known as “Jewish” in the world today have roots.  Those roots the Ras Tafarians, as well as I, find & prescribe to, have discovered them to be very close to us, ancestrally…

As far as, being a KHassid/Hasidic…that would be up to the Most High decide seeing as that, ALMIGHTY GOD is the ultimate judge of this world and the world to come.  While I commend the Hasidic movements of European Jews, who have taken hold to the old traditions of the Hebrews, & show themselves “trees of good fruit” in their works; I find that KHassid-חסד which means “piety”, “kindness”, “loving”, “charity”, “benevolent”, & “favor” are things that ALL people should subscribe to be.  So to call myself a Hasid/KHassid, is something I can only train myself in for my creator to see me as.  But, in being Hebrew, an Israelite, & of the Tribe of Yihuda(Judah), I cannot escape.  I can choose the way I live my life, but not the family I’am born into.

ሰላም-(selam)

שלןם-(shalom)

PEACE!!!

ዮሓንስ ወልደ ዓማኑኤል

יוחנן בן- עמנואל