Tag Archives: Hanukkah

✡ Cḥănukkăh (የመቅደስ መታደስ በዓል / חֲנֻכָּה ): Festival of Lights/Feasts of Dedication ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

Our Ras Tafari culture & heritage, gives us a discipline to follow so that we retain, our ancestry, spiritually, mentally & physically.  In continuing our studies and bringing about a progressive consciousness, we here at RRR intend to bring about the education and mores of a commendable community acceptable to its Supreme Being and not deviating from the original or true intent of its humble beginnings.  Staying in the lines of that context and adding onto the elements that make up the Ras Tafari collective mentality of the connectivity of this “way of life” that reflects the combination of religious ideals, community accountability, and reaffirmation reinforcement.

Going forward, we continue our studies in the examination of the original historical events of the past which have been tied to religious tradition, we’ve come now to the celebration of the Cḥănūkăh.

Contrary to the many modern interpretations of this Mōedïm(Appointed Time/Holiday/Holy Day), Ch’anukkah is NOT a western ideological equivalent to “Christmas.”  Throughout the many centuries that have passed since the actual happenings of this significant event, there have been modifications to the recognition of this event.  But, in going bit deeper than what is presented on the surface of available information spread throughout the world today, we find Ch’anukkah to be a shining example and lesson of the struggle for survival of the Hebraic culture & faith.

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _ Seleucid Empire/ Σελεύκεια/ Seleúkeia (310 - 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _   Seleucid Empire/
Σελεύκεια/
Seleúkeia (310 – 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire was established during the time of Alexander the “Great.”  His infantry general, Seleucus I Nicantor, was whom the Empire of the Near East gets its name sake from established tributary dominions in accordance to the Hellenistic Greco period.

coinage of Seleucus I

coinage of Seleucus I

During the reign of Alexander the Great, his armies conquered Syria, Egypt and Palestine, but allowed the lands under his control to continue observing their own religions and retain a certain degree of autonomy. Under this relatively benevolent rule, many Hebraic-Judeans assimilated much of Hellenistic culture(Greek), adopting the language, the customs and the dress of the Greeks, in ways like many immigrants adopt to the country of their newly found domicile upon settlement.

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

More than a century later, one of the four successors of Alexander, Antiochus IV was in control of that region. He began to oppress the Israelites of the region severely, placing a Hellenistic priest in the Temple of Jerusalem, massacring them, prohibiting the practice of the faith as they had centuries before, and desecrating the Temple by requiring the sacrifice not acceptable by the law of YHWH (Hebraic God) taught by Moses on the altar.

chanukah11

This led to outrage for the utter disregard and attempted humiliation of the Israelites of the region.  Two groups then arose and opposed Antiochus: simply a  nationalistic group led by Mattathias the Hasmonean, and his son Judah Maccabee(“the Hammer“), and a religious traditionalist group of that time known as the Chasidim/Chasideans, some interpret them as being the proceeding to the Pharisees (no direct connection to the modern movement known as Chasidic Judaism or Chasidim).

The two groups joined into what would be known as the Maccabean Revolt (16 against both the assimilation of the Hellenistic Jews and oppression by the Seleucid Greek government.) The revolution succeeded and the Temple was in so many words re- consecration.

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Maccabees/Hasmonean (Levites)Levi/Lewi

Essenes/Chasideans (Judahites)Judah

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/7316-hasidaeans

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

 

So, in summation of the events that brought about the commemoration of the Moedim(Hebraically) of the recognition of Ch’anukkah; it is the cognitive celebration over the victory of the religious, traditional, & “heritage keepers” (so, to speak) over the internal subtle subversion, and the external threats of domination.

** SPECIAL NOTES : links **

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/article_cdo/aid/102978/jewish/The-Story-of-Chanukah.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasideans

www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5867-essenes

https://ia801406.us.archive.org/20/items/fivebooksofmacca00cott/fivebooksofmacca00cott.pdf

(Five Apocryphal Books of Maccabees [pdf] Oxford Univ.)

http://www.seleucid-genealogy.com/Home.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucid_Empire

 –  http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/kwanzaa-history

(History Channel – Kwanzaa)

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwanzaa

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✡ Cḥănukkăh: Festival of Lights/Feasts of Dedication ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Our Ras Tafari culture & heritage, gives us a discipline to follow so that we retain, our ancestry, spiritually, mentally & physically.  In continuing our studies and bringing about a progressive consciousness, we here at RRR intend to bring about the education and mores of a commendable community acceptable to its Supreme Being and not deviating from the original or true intent of its humble beginnings.  Staying in the lines of that context and adding onto the elements that make up the Ras Tafari collective mentality of the connectivity of this “way of life” that reflects the combination of religious ideals, community accountability, and reaffirmation reinforcement.

Going forward, we continue our studies in the examination of the original historical events of the past which have been tied to religious tradition, we’ve come now to the celebration of the Cḥănūkăh.

Contrary to the many modern interpretations of this Mōedïm(Appointed Time/Holiday/Holy Day), Ch’anukkah is NOT a western ideological equivalent to “Christmas.”  Throughout the many centuries that have passed since the actual happenings of this significant event, there have been modifications to the recognition of this event.  But, in going bit deeper than what is presented on the surface of available information spread throughout the world today, we find Ch’anukkah to be a shining example and lesson of the struggle for survival of the Hebraic culture & faith.

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _ Seleucid Empire/ Σελεύκεια/ Seleúkeia (310 - 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire in 200 BC (before expansion into Anatolia and Greece). _   Seleucid Empire/
Σελεύκεια/
Seleúkeia (310 – 63BC)

The Seleucid Empire was established during the time of Alexander the “Great.”  His infantry general, Seleucus I Nicantor, was whom the Empire of the Near East gets its name sake from established tributary dominions in accordance to the Hellenistic Greco period.

coinage of Seleucus I

coinage of Seleucus I

During the reign of Alexander the Great, his armies conquered Syria, Egypt and Palestine, but allowed the lands under his control to continue observing their own religions and retain a certain degree of autonomy. Under this relatively benevolent rule, many Hebraic-Judeans assimilated much of Hellenistic culture(Greek), adopting the language, the customs and the dress of the Greeks, in ways like many immigrants adopt to the country of their newly found domicile upon settlement.

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

Temple of Jerusalem _ image provided by Ugglan

More than a century later, one of the four successors of Alexander, Antiochus IV was in control of that region. He began to oppress the Israelites of the region severely, placing a Hellenistic priest in the Temple of Jerusalem, massacring them, prohibiting the practice of the faith as they had centuries before, and desecrating the Temple by requiring the sacrifice not acceptable by the law of YHWH (Hebraic God) taught by Moses on the altar.

chanukah11

This led to outrage for the utter disregard and attempted humiliation of the Israelites of the region.  Two groups then arose and opposed Antiochus: simply a  nationalistic group led by Mattathias the Hasmonean, and his son Judah Maccabee(“the Hammer“), and a religious traditionalist group of that time known as the Chasidim/Chasideans, some interpret them as being the proceeding to the Pharisees (no direct connection to the modern movement known as Chasidic Judaism or Chasidim). The two groups joined into what would be known as the Maccabean Revolt (16 against both the assimilation of the Hellenistic Jews and oppression by the Seleucid Greek government.) The revolution succeeded and the Temple was in so many words re- consecration.

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Mattayahu calls for revolt _ painting by Gustave Dore (seder-olam.info)

Maccabees/Hasmonean (Levites)Levi/Lewi

Essenes/Chasideans (Judahites)Judah

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/7316-hasidaeans

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

Judah Maccabee pursues Timotheus (Gustave Doré, 1868)

 

So, in summation of the events that brought about the commemoration of the Moedim(Hebraically) of the recognition of Ch’anukkah; it is the cognitive celebration over the victory of the religious, traditional, & “heritage keepers” (so, to speak) over the internal subtle subversion, and the external threats of domination.

** SPECIAL NOTES : links **

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/article_cdo/aid/102978/jewish/The-Story-of-Chanukah.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasideans

www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5867-essenes

https://ia801406.us.archive.org/20/items/fivebooksofmacca00cott/fivebooksofmacca00cott.pdf

(Five Apocryphal Books of Maccabees [pdf] Oxford Univ.)

http://www.seleucid-genealogy.com/Home.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucid_Empire

 –  http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/kwanzaa-history

(History Channel – Kwanzaa)

–  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwanzaa

RSS #10 ([ከሁለት ዓመት] በኋላም/מִקֵּץ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (or Yefdeyah).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with Miketz – מִקֵּץ.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5777, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 1stא, & on the 2ndב, of the month of Teb(v)etטֵבֵת, for this week, in this mode of study;  for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2009/2029/7509, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 21st – ፳፩, & the 22nd – ፳፪, of the month of Tah’sas – ታኅሣሥ.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as BeCḥʷallam – በኋላም.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 41:1 – 44:17

I Kings 3:15 – 4:1

Romans 10: 1-13

** SHABBOT HANUKAH **

image provided by livethebible.com

image provided by livethebible.com

In continuation of our study of the Scriptures, we come to the parsha of Miketz, Ethiopically known as BeKHwalam (Kehulet Amet BeKHwalam.)

miketz - parsha [7cows]

The last portion ended with Joseph, the son of Jacob(Israel), being sold by his own brothers, & through trials of times, Joseph found himself in Egypt.  As a prisoner in Egypt, he is still blessed by God grace.

 miketz - parsha [seven ears of corn] Gen.41vrs5

Joseph, now in the company of other prisoners, (ie. the chief baker, and butler), interprets visions they’ve had.  The news of the gift that Joseph has, reaches the ears of the Pharaoh, & Pharaoh, inquires of Joseph assistance for a vision he cannot make sense of.

Pharaoh, summoned all of the magicians, of Egypt to interpret the dream troubling dreams he had been having.  But, surely, there was none of them who could interpret the dreams for him.  So, upon hearing about an Hebrew, in the dungeon, who seemingly interpreted dreams in accuracy, of other prisoners and others, Pharaoh, called for Joseph’s release; for he wished to see if Joseph could give an interpretation of his dreams.

[Gen. 41: 1-40]

miketz - parsha

Joseph, then was set in high regard to Pharaoh, by his command because he interpreted Pharaoh’s dream with such great understanding.  Pharoah called Joseph, Tz’aphnat Paneah’kh – צָפְנַת פַּעְנֵחַ, & he was given Asnath – אָסְנַת, the daughter of Potipherah, the priest of OnAsnath, bore Joseph, two sons, which he called Manasseh & Ephraim.  Because of Joseph’s interpretation of Pharaoh’s dream, many nations came to Egypt to buy food, for Joseph had stored for the years of famine that was great upon the land.  Jacob(Israel) sent his sons, all but the youngest, Benjamin, for he feared that something may happen equivalent to Joseph’s disappearance.

[Gen. 41: 40- 42:5]

miketz - parsha [Yosef ben Yaicob ben Ysrael(Tsafnat Paneach) - Asnat)Joseph(Tz’afnat Pa’aneahkh’) & Asenat(Asnat)

The sons of Israel, went into Egypt to buy things like grain, for the famine had left them with very little.  Joseph, saw his brethren, but they were unable to notice him for he was dressed in the apparel of Egyptian nobility.  There he confronted them as if, he were dealing with spies & commanded that they send their youngest brother along with them for Joseph had not seen Benjamin, with the others.  The brothers returned and told Jacob(Israel) what happened while they were in Egypt.  Judah, one of the brethren spoke firmly with Joseph, and their father Jacob(Israel), in the matter of their youngest brother, Benjamin.

[Gen. 42: 6 -43:17]

Joseph & his brother Judah

Judah consults with Joseph _ painting by James J. Tissot

Upon the return of all his brothers, with their youngest brother, Benjamin; Joseph made haste to see all of them together again.  Joseph, appealed to Pharaoh to bring his family to Egypt, for the famine was so great & he wished not to see his family struggle in the land of Canaan; Pharaoh permitted the Hebrews to enter in, on Joseph’s behalf.

[Gen. 43:18- 44:18]

miketz - parsha4