Tag Archives: Fetha Nagast

RSS#48 (ፈራጆች / שֹׁפְטִים )

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Shoftim – שֹׁפְטִים, on the 6th – ו, & on the 7th – ז, of the month of Elūl – אֱלוּל, in the year of 5779. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2011/7511; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known (in the same sense) as Färájoch – ፈራጆች.  This would calculate as the 2nd – ፪, & on the 3rd – , of the month of Págumæy – .  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 16:18- 21:9

Isaiah 51:12- 52:12

John 1: 19-27

Acts 3: 22-23

shoftim - parsha

This Sabbath study portion; Shoftim-שֹׁפְטִים , (in the Hebrew language, has equivalences to: magistrates[officers] or judges);

(in the Amharic language, the equivalent is plurally: Ferajoch-ፈራጆች; which more than likely could derived from words like: Feraj-ፈራጅ[could be considered as an police officer, or jailer; of the sort, from a modern sense]; also Tefárajተፋራጅ; which could be considered as a judge or magistrate from the modern sense, as well: from the Amharic is equivalent to “one who brings justice.”)

- compilation from betelaustin.net

– compilation from betelaustin.net

So, this Torah portion is at the point where Moses now instructs the children of Israel to set up judges and officers, throughout all of the tribes, whom should utilize just judgments in certain affairs.

[Deut. 16: 18-22]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

In all of the gates that in possession of the children of Israel, no blemished, or defiled thing should be offered as sacrifice/offering to God.  Neither, were the children of Israel to go after(worship) any other gods.  They also were instructed to put evil away from among them.

[Deut. 17: 1-13]

סַנְהֶדְרִין Sanhedrin

סַנְהֶדְרִין
Sanhedrin

A king/ruler was also to be appointed over the children of Israel.  One, whom would not give himself utterly to seek after wealth & riches, or many women to wife(marry), so that his heart be turned away from God; his laws, ordinances, statutes and commandments.  While upon the throne, the king was to write a copy the LAW, set before the priests; wherein he was to read & learn, all the days of his life so that the days of his life be prolonged.  The king was to keep the all the commandments, like anyone else, & not think of himself, as being above any of his brethren, aside from his appointment by God.

[Deut. 17: 14-20]

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

Within the land, the tribe of Levi(Lewi), were to have no inheritance with the children of Israel.  For God, was their portion of the inheritance,  Offerings to God, would partaken on behalf of God, by the priests of the Levites; from among the sacrifices/offerings, would be the “priest’s due.”

[Deut. 18: 1-8]

shoftim - parsha [levites blow the trumpets]

Idolatry & the abominations, were not to be found among the children of Israel, for they were to inherit all nations.

[Deut. 18: 9-14]

God also said to Israel, that he would raise up a Prophet from among them.  The words of his mouth would be of him, and they should take heed.  For, at the mountain of Horeb, they feared the power, the voice and great fire of God, so much that they asked to not see it again, lest they perish.

(see; Deut. 1: 6, Deut. 4: 10, & Deut. 5: 1-21_ God spoke to Israel at Horeb)

(God is a consuming fire: Deut. 4 :24, Heb. 12: 29)

Mount Horeb -

Mount Horeb – הַר חֹרֵב- ተራራ ኮሬብ aka “the Mountain of God/YHWH”

The only for the children of Israel to know if the Prophet was of God, would be for them to verify by a testing of his word.  The testing would come in a criteria that would fit, as follows: 1. his/her, spoken words of prophecy coming to pass(or fulfillment; actualization), 2. he/she, would come in the NAME of God, & 3. if the prophecies followed along the guidelines of the LAW(Torah).

(could also be seen as the coming of the MesHIHa/Messiah)

[Deut. 18: 15-22]

The cities of refuge from within the gates of Israel’s inheritance were to also be set up.  Especially, in the plight of the case of the slayer.  When God was to cut out the wicked nations these cities were to set, to ensure that just judgment were rendered.

[Deut. 19: 1-21]

shoftim - parsha (cities of refuge)

The Law regarding Warfare, was for the children of Israel to fear not, even if their enemies were greater in number or strength; for God would be with them.  The priests were to encourage them, & men who set up houses, or married rather recently not having consecrated their homes or wives, should return or in the extreme, not go off to warfare, for their seeds were to be procured.(as spoken by the officers of Israel)  Israel was to show peace to those who would show themselves peaceful, & go to war against those who would make war with them.  But, they were to utterly destroy the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites and the Jebusites, as God commanded them.

[Deut. 20]

Deut. 20: 2

Deut. 20: 2

An Inquest or judiciary inquiry, in the case of death, of unknown/unaccounted corpse, for one slain in the field; would become the responsibility of the Priesthood to minister for the children of Israel, for they were chosen by God to work in service of Israel.

[Deut. 21:1-9]

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London's Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled "The World's Oldest Tribunal" dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din or Court of the Chief Rabbi.

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London’s Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled “The World’s Oldest Tribunal” dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din [בית דין] or “the house of judgment.”

 

** NOTES FOR FURTHER STUDY: **

– the Hebraic Sanhedrin, & the Beth-Din (Bet Din[House of Judgment]) : Hebrew/Jewish Court Systems; Tribal Court/Tribunal (Black’s Law Dict.) : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beth_din : http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/BetDin.html

Kingdom of Ethiopia {Abyssinia by Ottoman/Muslim empire & other outsiders_also modern connotations adopted by modern Ethiopians} (የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ) kings list : http://www.friesian.com/ethiopia.htm : http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1915&dat=19750322&id=S-sgAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7XEFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2528,3614199

Fəthá Nägäst {Fetha Nagast[Law of the Kings]} http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/biography/01thelawofkings.pdf ; http://www.cap-press.com/pdf/1888.pdf

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RSS# 48 ( ፈራጆች / שֹׁפְטִים )

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Shoftim – שֹׁפְטִים, on the 6th – ו, & on the 7th – ז, of the month of Elūl – אֱלוּל, in the year of 5778. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2010/7510; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known (in the same sense) as Färájoch – ፈራጆች.  This would calculate as the 11th – ፲፩, & the 12th – ፲፪, of the month of Nähâsæy – ነሐሴ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 16:18- 21:9

Isaiah 51:12- 52:12

John 1: 19-27

Acts 3: 22-23

shoftim - parsha

This Sabbath study portion; Shoftim-שֹׁפְטִים , (in the Hebrew language, has equivalences to: magistrates[officers] or judges);

(in the Amharic language, the equivalent is plurally: Ferajoch-ፈራጆች; which more than likely could derived from words like: Feraj-ፈራጅ[could be considered as an police officer, or jailer; of the sort, from a modern sense]; also Tefárajተፋራጅ; which could be considered as a judge or magistrate from the modern sense, as well: from the Amharic is equivalent to “one who brings justice.”)

- compilation from betelaustin.net

– compilation from betelaustin.net

So, this Torah portion is at the point where Moses now instructs the children of Israel to set up judges and officers, throughout all of the tribes, whom should utilize just judgments in certain affairs.

[Deut. 16: 18-22]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

In all of the gates that in possession of the children of Israel, no blemished, or defiled thing should be offered as sacrifice/offering to God.  Neither, were the children of Israel to go after(worship) any other gods.  They also were instructed to put evil away from among them.

[Deut. 17: 1-13]

סַנְהֶדְרִין Sanhedrin

סַנְהֶדְרִין
Sanhedrin

A king/ruler was also to be appointed over the children of Israel.  One, whom would not give himself utterly to seek after wealth & riches, or many women to wife(marry), so that his heart be turned away from God; his laws, ordinances, statutes and commandments.  While upon the throne, the king was to write a copy the LAW, set before the priests; wherein he was to read & learn, all the days of his life so that the days of his life be prolonged.  The king was to keep the all the commandments, like anyone else, & not think of himself, as being above any of his brethren, aside from his appointment by God.

[Deut. 17: 14-20]

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

Within the land, the tribe of Levi(Lewi), were to have no inheritance with the children of Israel.  For God, was their portion of the inheritance,  Offerings to God, would partaken on behalf of God, by the priests of the Levites; from among the sacrifices/offerings, would be the “priest’s due.”

[Deut. 18: 1-8]

shoftim - parsha [levites blow the trumpets]

Idolatry & the abominations, were not to be found among the children of Israel, for they were to inherit all nations.

[Deut. 18: 9-14]

God also said to Israel, that he would raise up a Prophet from among them.  The words of his mouth would be of him, and they should take heed.  For, at the mountain of Horeb, they feared the power, the voice and great fire of God, so much that they asked to not see it again, lest they perish.

(see; Deut. 1: 6, Deut. 4: 10, & Deut. 5: 1-21_ God spoke to Israel at Horeb)

(God is a consuming fire: Deut. 4 :24, Heb. 12: 29)

Mount Horeb -

Mount Horeb – הַר חֹרֵב- ተራራ ኮሬብ aka “the Mountain of God/YHWH”

The only for the children of Israel to know if the Prophet was of God, would be for them to verify by a testing of his word.  The testing would come in a criteria that would fit, as follows: 1. his/her, spoken words of prophecy coming to pass(or fulfillment; actualization), 2. he/she, would come in the NAME of God, & 3. if the prophecies followed along the guidelines of the LAW(Torah).

(could also be seen as the coming of the MesHIHa/Messiah)

[Deut. 18: 15-22]

The cities of refuge from within the gates of Israel’s inheritance were to also be set up.  Especially, in the plight of the case of the slayer.  When God was to cut out the wicked nations these cities were to set, to ensure that just judgment were rendered.

[Deut. 19: 1-21]

shoftim - parsha (cities of refuge)

The Law regarding Warfare, was for the children of Israel to fear not, even if their enemies were greater in number or strength; for God would be with them.  The priests were to encourage them, & men who set up houses, or married rather recently not having consecrated their homes or wives, should return or in the extreme, not go off to warfare, for their seeds were to be procured.(as spoken by the officers of Israel)  Israel was to show peace to those who would show themselves peaceful, & go to war against those who would make war with them.  But, they were to utterly destroy the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites and the Jebusites, as God commanded them.

[Deut. 20]

Deut. 20: 2

Deut. 20: 2

An Inquest or judiciary inquiry, in the case of death, of unknown/unaccounted corpse, for one slain in the field; would become the responsibility of the Priesthood to minister for the children of Israel, for they were chosen by God to work in service of Israel.

[Deut. 21:1-9]

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London's Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled "The World's Oldest Tribunal" dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din or Court of the Chief Rabbi.

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London’s Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled “The World’s Oldest Tribunal” dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din [בית דין] or “the house of judgment.”

 

** NOTES FOR FURTHER STUDY: **

– the Hebraic Sanhedrin, & the Beth-Din (Bet Din[House of Judgment]) : Hebrew/Jewish Court Systems; Tribal Court/Tribunal (Black’s Law Dict.) : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beth_din : http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/BetDin.html

Kingdom of Ethiopia {Abyssinia by Ottoman/Muslim empire & other outsiders_also modern connotations adopted by modern Ethiopians} (የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ) kings list : http://www.friesian.com/ethiopia.htm : http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1915&dat=19750322&id=S-sgAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7XEFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2528,3614199

Fəthá Nägäst {Fetha Nagast[Law of the Kings]} http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/biography/01thelawofkings.pdf ; http://www.cap-press.com/pdf/1888.pdf

48th (፵፰/מח) RSS#: Portion Study

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Shoftim – שֹׁפְטִים, on the 6th – ו, & the 7thז, of the month of Elul – אֱלוּל, in the year of 5776. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2008/7508 & 2009/7509; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Färájoch – ፈራጆች.  This would calculate as the 4th – ፬, & the 5th – ፭, of the month of Pagumæ – ጳጉሜ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 16:18- 21:9

Isaiah 51:12- 52:12

John 1: 19-27

Acts 3: 22-23

shoftim - parsha

This Sabbath study portion; Shoftim-שֹׁפְטִים , (in the Hebrew language, has equivalences to: magistrates[officers] or judges);

(in the Amharic language, the equivalent is plurally: Ferajoch-ፈራጆች; which more than likely could derived from words like: Feraj-ፈራጅ[could be considered as an police officer, or jailer; of the sort, from a modern sense]; also Tefárajተፋራጅ; which could be considered as a judge or magistrate from the modern sense, as well: from the Amharic is equivalent to “one who brings justice.”)

- compilation from betelaustin.net

– compilation from betelaustin.net

So, this Torah portion is at the point where Moses now instructs the children of Israel to set up judges and officers, throughout all of the tribes, whom should utilize just judgments in certain affairs.

[Deut. 16: 18-22]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

In all of the gates that in possession of the children of Israel, no blemished, or defiled thing should be offered as sacrifice/offering to God.  Neither, were the children of Israel to go after(worship) any other gods.  They also were instructed to put evil away from among them.

[Deut. 17: 1-13]

סַנְהֶדְרִין Sanhedrin

סַנְהֶדְרִין
Sanhedrin

A king/ruler was also to be appointed over the children of Israel.  One, whom would not give himself utterly to seek after wealth & riches, or many women to wife(marry), so that his heart be turned away from God; his laws, ordinances, statutes and commandments.  While upon the throne, the king was to write a copy the LAW, set before the priests; wherein he was to read & learn, all the days of his life so that the days of his life be prolonged.  The king was to keep the all the commandments, like anyone else, & not think of himself, as being above any of his brethren, aside from his appointment by God.

[Deut. 17: 14-20]

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

Within the land, the tribe of Levi(Lewi), were to have no inheritance with the children of Israel.  For God, was their portion of the inheritance,  Offerings to God, would partaken on behalf of God, by the priests of the Levites; from among the sacrifices/offerings, would be the “priest’s due.”

[Deut. 18: 1-8]

shoftim - parsha [levites blow the trumpets]

Idolatry & the abominations, were not to be found among the children of Israel, for they were to inherit all nations.

[Deut. 18: 9-14]

God also said to Israel, that he would raise up a Prophet from among them.  The words of his mouth would be of him, and they should take heed.  For, at the mountain of Horeb, they feared the power, the voice and great fire of God, so much that they asked to not see it again, lest they perish.

(see; Deut. 1: 6, Deut. 4: 10, & Deut. 5: 1-21_ God spoke to Israel at Horeb)

(God is a consuming fire: Deut. 4 :24, Heb. 12: 29)

Mount Horeb -

Mount Horeb – הַר חֹרֵב- ተራራ ኮሬብ aka “the Mountain of God/YHWH”

The only for the children of Israel to know if the Prophet was of God, would be for them to verify by a testing of his word.  The testing would come in a criteria that would fit, as follows: 1. his/her, spoken words of prophecy coming to pass(or fulfillment; actualization), 2. he/she, would come in the NAME of God, & 3. if the prophecies followed along the guidelines of the LAW(Torah).

(could also be seen as the coming of the MesHIHa/Messiah)

[Deut. 18: 15-22]

The cities of refuge from within the gates of Israel’s inheritance were to also be set up.  Especially, in the plight of the case of the slayer.  When God was to cut out the wicked nations these cities were to set, to ensure that just judgment were rendered.

[Deut. 19: 1-21]

shoftim - parsha (cities of refuge)

The Law regarding Warfare, was for the children of Israel to fear not, even if their enemies were greater in number or strength; for God would be with them.  The priests were to encourage them, & men who set up houses, or married rather recently not having consecrated their homes or wives, should return or in the extreme, not go off to warfare, for their seeds were to be procured.(as spoken by the officers of Israel)  Israel was to show peace to those who would show themselves peaceful, & go to war against those who would make war with them.  But, they were to utterly destroy the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites and the Jebusites, as God commanded them.

[Deut. 20]

Deut. 20: 2

Deut. 20: 2

An Inquest or judiciary inquiry, in the case of death, of unknown/unaccounted corpse, for one slain in the field; would become the responsibility of the Priesthood to minister for the children of Israel, for they were chosen by God to work in service of Israel.

[Deut. 21:1-9]

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London's Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled "The World's Oldest Tribunal" dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din or Court of the Chief Rabbi.

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London’s Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled “The World’s Oldest Tribunal” dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din [בית דין] or “the house of judgment.”

 

** NOTES FOR FURTHER STUDY: **

– the Hebraic Sanhedrin, & the Beth-Din (Bet Din[House of Judgment]) : Hebrew/Jewish Court Systems; Tribal Court/Tribunal (Black’s Law Dict.) : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beth_din : http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/BetDin.html

Kingdom of Ethiopia {Abyssinia by Ottoman/Muslim empire & other outsiders_also modern connotations adopted by modern Ethiopians} (የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ) kings list : http://www.friesian.com/ethiopia.htm : http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1915&dat=19750322&id=S-sgAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7XEFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2528,3614199

Fəthá Nägäst {Fetha Nagast[Law of the Kings]} http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/biography/01thelawofkings.pdf ; http://www.cap-press.com/pdf/1888.pdf

48th (ክፍል/פרשה) Study: Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

So, with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied either the Torah portion of Shoftim-שֹׁפְטִים, from the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the 5775 year, this Sabbath day would probably be accounted for as the 6th-ו, & the 7th-ז, of the month of Elul-אֱלוּל‎.  (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known also as, Färájoch-ፈራጆች.  This would calculate as the 15th-፲፭, & the 16th-፲፮, of the month of Nähâsé-ነሐሴ .  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 16:18- 21:9

Isaiah 51:12- 52:12

John 1: 19-27

Acts 3: 22-23

shoftim - parsha

This Sabbath study portion; Shoftim-שֹׁפְטִים , (in the Hebrew language, has equivalences to: magistrates[officers] or judges);

(in the Amharic language, the equivalent is plurally: Ferajoch-ፈራጆች; which more than likely could derived from words like: Feraj-ፈራጅ[could be considered as an police officer, or jailer; of the sort, from a modern sense]; also Tefárajተፋራጅ; which could be considered as a judge or magistrate from the modern sense, as well: from the Amharic is equivalent to “one who brings justice.”)

- compilation from betelaustin.net

– compilation from betelaustin.net

So, this Torah portion is at the point where Moses now instructs the children of Israel to set up judges and officers, throughout all of the tribes, whom should utilize just judgments in certain affairs.

[Deut. 16: 18-22]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

In all of the gates that in possession of the children of Israel, no blemished, or defiled thing should be offered as sacrifice/offering to God.  Neither, were the children of Israel to go after(worship) any other gods.  They also were instructed to put evil away from among them.

[Deut. 17: 1-13]

סַנְהֶדְרִין Sanhedrin

סַנְהֶדְרִין
Sanhedrin

A king/ruler was also to be appointed over the children of Israel.  One, whom would not give himself utterly to seek after wealth & riches, or many women to wife(marry), so that his heart be turned away from God; his laws, ordinances, statutes and commandments.  While upon the throne, the king was to write a copy the LAW, set before the priests; wherein he was to read & learn, all the days of his life so that the days of his life be prolonged.  The king was to keep the all the commandments, like anyone else, & not think of himself, as being above any of his brethren, aside from his appointment by God.

[Deut. 17: 14-20]

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

Within the land, the tribe of Levi(Lewi), were to have no inheritance with the children of Israel.  For God, was their portion of the inheritance,  Offerings to God, would partaken on behalf of God, by the priests of the Levites; from among the sacrifices/offerings, would be the “priest’s due.”

[Deut. 18: 1-8]

shoftim - parsha [levites blow the trumpets]

Idolatry & the abominations, were not to be found among the children of Israel, for they were to inherit all nations.

[Deut. 18: 9-14]

God also said to Israel, that he would raise up a Prophet from among them.  The words of his mouth would be of him, and they should take heed.  For, at the mountain of Horeb, they feared the power, the voice and great fire of God, so much that they asked to not see it again, lest they perish.

(see; Deut. 1: 6, Deut. 4: 10, & Deut. 5: 1-21_ God spoke to Israel at Horeb)

(God is a consuming fire: Deut. 4 :24, Heb. 12: 29)

Mount Horeb -

Mount Horeb – הַר חֹרֵב- ተራራ ኮሬብ aka “the Mountain of God/YHWH”

The only for the children of Israel to know if the Prophet was of God, would be for them to verify by a testing of his word.  The testing would come in a criteria that would fit, as follows: 1. his/her, spoken words of prophecy coming to pass(or fulfillment; actualization), 2. he/she, would come in the NAME of God, & 3. if the prophecies followed along the guidelines of the LAW(Torah).

(could also be seen as the coming of the MesHIHa/Messiah)

[Deut. 18: 15-22]

The cities of refuge from within the gates of Israel’s inheritance were to also be set up.  Especially, in the plight of the case of the slayer.  When God was to cut out the wicked nations these cities were to set, to ensure that just judgment were rendered.

[Deut. 19: 1-21]

shoftim - parsha (cities of refuge)

The Law regarding Warfare, was for the children of Israel to fear not, even if their enemies were greater in number or strength; for God would be with them.  The priests were to encourage them, & men who set up houses, or married rather recently not having consecrated their homes or wives, should return or in the extreme, not go off to warfare, for their seeds were to be procured.(as spoken by the officers of Israel)  Israel was to show peace to those who would show themselves peaceful, & go to war against those who would make war with them.  But, they were to utterly destroy the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites and the Jebusites, as God commanded them.

[Deut. 20]

Deut. 20: 2

Deut. 20: 2

An Inquest or judiciary inquiry, in the case of death, of unknown/unaccounted corpse, for one slain in the field; would become the responsibility of the Priesthood to minister for the children of Israel, for they were chosen by God to work in service of Israel.

[Deut. 21:1-9]

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London's Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled "The World's Oldest Tribunal" dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din or Court of the Chief Rabbi.

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London’s Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled “The World’s Oldest Tribunal” dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din [בית דין] or “the house of judgment.”

 

** NOTES FOR FURTHER STUDY: **

– the Hebraic Sanhedrin, & the Beth-Din (Bet Din[House of Judgment]) : Hebrew/Jewish Court Systems; Tribal Court/Tribunal (Black’s Law Dict.) : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beth_din : http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/BetDin.html

Kingdom of Ethiopia {Abyssinia by Ottoman/Muslim empire & other outsiders_also modern connotations adopted by modern Ethiopians} (የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ) kings list : http://www.friesian.com/ethiopia.htm : http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1915&dat=19750322&id=S-sgAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7XEFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2528,3614199

Fəthá Nägäst {Fetha Nagast[Law of the Kings]} http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/biography/01thelawofkings.pdf ; http://www.cap-press.com/pdf/1888.pdf

☩ Fasika – ፋሲካ _ Tins(h)a’e – ትንሣኤ – “Resurrection” ☩

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

 

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopic Tewahido-Orthodox, celebration of Fasika.  In other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’al Tinsa’e-በዓል ትንሣኤ.  I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherances to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic, Passover(Pesach/PesaKH’-פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread (KH’ag/Chag Ha’Motz’ot-Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

 

- Ethiopian baked bread (Injera)

– Ethiopian baked bread (Injera)

 

Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

resurrection

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season(often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade-ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome-ዓቢይ ጾመ.

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent

The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortificationSelf denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things.  It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed upon the faithful, the longest and most austere fasts in the world.  Fasting implies abstention from food and drink, in one sense of understanding. Special days are appointed for fasting.

The Ethiopic Version Of The Apostolical Constitutions; Or, The Ethiopic Didascalia, Received In The Church Of Abyssinia [Ethiopia] by Thomas Pell 1796-1852 Platt (click book cover to purchase or link below to inquire about availability)

The Ethiopic Version Of The Apostolical Constitutions; Or, The Ethiopic Didascalia, Received In The Church Of Abyssinia [Ethiopia] by Thomas Pell 1796-1852 Platt (click book cover to purchase or link below to inquire about availability)

Every Wednesday and Friday, are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord (Jesus/Iyesus) and on Friday they crucified him;  according the Christian theology.

ETHIOPIC DIDASCALIA, The Apostolic Constitutions & Ethiopic Church Orders; As Translated by J.M. Harden

ETHIOPIC DIDASCALIA, The Apostolic Constitutions & Ethiopic Church Orders; As Translated by J.M. Harden (click book cover to purchase or link below to inquire on availability)

http://www.lojsociety.org/books.html

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church – (Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fät’há Nägäst – or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

During “Lent” (Hudade/Abiy Ts’om) in Ethiopia, Christians don’t eat or buy any animal products like meat, eggs, butter, milk, yogurt, cream and cheese.

painting of CHRIST riding into Jerusalem being greeted the Israelites; see Matt. 21:1-16

painting of CHRIST riding into Jerusalem being greeted the Israelites; see Matt. 21:1-16

On Palm Sunday, people wear head bands and rings made of palm leaves with crosses marked on them.

rtg.lojs palm sunday artwork

The first  Easter Day (Fasika/Tinsa’e) service actually starts at 8.00pm on Easter Saturday night and lasts until 3.00 am on “Easter” Sunday  (Resurrection Sunday) morning! Most people go to the whole service and wear their best clothes. These are often white and are called ‘YeAbesha Libs‘ in the modern time of today more originally “YeEtyopiayawiyan Libs“.  People have candles made of cotton and wax called ‘twaf‘.  At 10.00 pm drummers start playing and accompanying the Priests as they chant a prayer called the ‘Geez‘. (or the Ancient Ethiopic language)

http://www.whyeaster.com/cultures/ethiopia.shtml

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}

Fasika11

 

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html