Tag Archives: Feast of Unleavened Bread

✡ Feast of Unleavened Bread – የቂጣውን በዓል – חג המצות ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover.  In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח.  Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs, and their freedom as a nation under the leadership of.  But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political,  and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt(Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt(Upper Egypt).

Now as the celebration of Pesach has come to a close for this year and the festival/feast of Unleavened Bread has begun, we here at RRR, seek to expound on the intricate details of the second celebration which extends the joyous event of Pesach;

the Feast of Unleavened Bread-የቂጣውን በዓል – חג המצות.

- Ethiopian baked bread (Injera)

During the initiation of the Passover, the last plague (10th/tenth) placed upon the Egyptians and the Land of Egypt, the children of Israel the next morning were unable to fully prepare for the journey they were about to take through the wilderness; for they were thrust out Egypt for Pharaoh wanted nothing more to do with the Hebrews for the power of God of Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob had proven omnipotent.

[Exod. 11:29-33]

The Egyptians were urgent on getting the children of Israel, to leave the land of Egypt after the angel of death, sent by the God of the Hebrews to plague Egypt, of the all the firstborn of the land.

So, the Israelites took what they could of their own belongings, and the Egyptians lent to them what they didn’t have for fear of any plagues.  But, when it came to the food that the children of Israel sought to take with them, the bread they had baked was without leaven so the dough had no time to rise for they sought to leave Egypt abruptly.

Israel leaving Egypt _ painting by Tissot

While, in route through the wilderness the children of Israel ate unleavened bread, until there was no more bread at all; as they did for the institution of thePassover Seder.

[Exod. 12:15 ; vrs. 33-51]

LINKS: 

http://lojsociety.org/books

https://rastafarirenaissance.com/tag/feast-of-unleavened-bread/

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/Anavah/anavah.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

https://www.sefaria.org/Exodus.12.23?lang=bi&with=Onkelos%20Exodus&lang2=bi

RSS# 18 (ሥራዓት / מִּשְׁפָּטִים)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Mishpatim – מִּשְׁפָּטִים,  on the 24th – כד, & on the 25th – כהof the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָטin the year of 5778. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2010/7510; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 2nd – ፪, & on the 3rd – ፫, of the month of  Yekátït – የካቲት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as S(h)’raut – ሥራዓት.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Exodus 21:1- 24:18

Jeremiah 34:8-22 ; chpt. 33: 25, 26

Matthew 5:38-42 ; chpt. 17: 1-11

YeIgr Menged Selassie - Shalosh Regaliim

Now, in summation of the study we have in front of us, this portion of the study of the Scriptures, laws/ordinances/judgments for the Passover(Pesach – פסח /Fasika – ፋሲካ) are set out.  In addition to the Decalogue(Ten Commandments/Words), another series of laws were given to Moses, to give to the children of Israel. This has been accounted for as the covenant upon Mount Sinai (or the Sinaitic Covenant).  God commands Moses, Aaron, & Aaron’s sons: Nadab and Abihu, to ascend the mountain.

[Ex. 24:9-11]

Covenant Code(detailed statutes)

[Exodus 21-23]

ELoHIM upon Mt Sinai

The instituting of Hebrews,( in particular the men ), to show up or appear, before God three times was established, with these detailed statutes.

Laws and ordinances, on servitude, child rearing, crime, and other aspects, are covered for the children of Israel to observe and do.  This has been accounted for as the covenant upon Mount Sinai.

Feast of Unleavened Bread

(Passover-פֶּסַח), is a memorial of the Exodus from Egypt. It also observes, the avoiding all leavened grain products and similar foods of consumption.  Most families or communities tell stories of the Exodus traditionally. Pesach (Passover) usually lasts eight days (for some others it may comprise seven days): Passover’s equivalent in Ethiopian Jewish/Hebrew tradition is called (Fasika – ፋሲካ) from other translated sources Fasika, is the equivalent for the meaning from/into Easter; in the English. Fasika has been an upkeep from the traditions and teachings of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church, since around fourth century A.D.  Even, for what is known as a Christian church, this festival of Fasika(Easter/Passover) holds significance than what is known as Christmas. Fasika succeeds an approx., 56-day fasting period, which is has certain relevancy to the Western Christian ideas of Lent. Fasika, is known to be a a day of high celebration.

fasika-drum16

Also, in continuance of the giving of the laws, statutes and commandments, along with the judgments of YHWH; the children of Israel were also given more times of observances for the Hebrew people.  These observances have become, what is known as the Moed’im – מועדים.

http://www.yashanet.com/studies/revstudy/rev3.htm

The people of Israel, proclaimed that they would hear obey the commands of YHWH.

Doro Wet

An Ethiopian traditional meal is quite similar to the Passover Seder.

http://www.messianic-torah-truth-seeker.org/Torah/Pesach/Pesach.html

mishpatim - parsha [pesach-feast of unleavened bread]

Now, the second of these important feasts is the Feast of Weeks/Harvest, (Shav(b)uot/Ch’ag Shab(v)uot – חג שבעות) commemorates the day God gave the Torah/the LAW to the entire nation of Israel which had come to be assembled at Mount Sinai.  Shavuot is linked to Passover, it also concludes the Counting of the Omer, of the seven weeks/counting of God’s festivals.

harvest-shavuot

and at the Feast of Tabernacles/Succoth. (Sukkot – סֻכּוֹת) The Feast of the Ingathering, is celebrated on the 15th day of the month of Tisrei, on the Hebrew/Jewish calendar. Moses told the children of Israel to gather for a reading of the Law during Sukkot every seventh year (Deut. 31:10-11).  Sukkot is a seven day holiday, and part of what is known in Jewish tradition as the CHol HaMoed(festival weekdays). Observance of Sukkot is detailed in the Book of this week’s Torah portion.

[Exodus 23:14]

sukkot4

In this portion of the Scriptures, the important observances for the children of Israel, which have now become known as the Shalosh Regalim – שלוש רגלים.

(or commonly known as the three national High Holy Days of Israel)

The Shalosh Regalim in a plain translation, are widely known as the Three Pilgrimage Feasts.  All in reference to Scriptural texts such; Exod. 24: 14-17, Deut. 16:16, I Ki. 9:25 (Solomon’s keeping of this ordinance), & II Chron. 8:13.

After this establishment Moses, was then summoned by God to ascend the mountain where he remained for forty days and forty nights.

 

In a special note:

This Sabbath observance is also known as; Shabbat Shekalim (plainly translated from the Hebrew: the “Sabbath of shekelsשבת שקלים).  The Shekel, or the Hebraic word, congruent to currency, or more specifically a weight of measure from ancient times.  On the Shabbat Shekalim, specifically portions of Scripture are read in preparation for the observance of Pūrïm, which requests each adult male, within the Hebrew/Jewish community contribute half of a Biblical shekel (ref: Shekel of the Santuary [Exod. 30:24 ; Exod. 38:24-26 ; Numb. 3:47 ; Numb. 7:12-88])  for the upkeep of the Tent of Meeting.

This Torah portion in Exodus 30:11-16 is read & takes place on the Sabbath before the 1st day of the Hebrew calendar month of Adar, or on the 1st of Adar itself, if it falls on Shabbat.  In leap years on the Hebrew calendar, where two months of Adar are observed, the Shabbat Shekalim is on the Sabbath before the 1st of Adar II (or on the 1st of Adar, the second month, of the same name, itself, if it is on the Sabbath).

 

NOTES: for study

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_Shabbat

http://www.jewfaq.org/special.htm

https://www.biu.ac.il/JH/Parasha/eng/pekudei/coh.html

https://torah.org/torah-portion/haftorah-summary-shekalim/

RSS# 15 (ግባ / בֹּא )

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So, with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we

of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 10: 1- 13:16

Jeremiah 46: 13-28

Luke 22: 7-30

I Corinthians 11: 20-34

This portion our study of the Scriptures, deals with the three (3) remaining plagues of Egypt.  

The children of Israel are instructed by God to compose their calendar (or simply a “time keep-sake”) by the phases of the moon, which leads to the creation of the lunar Hebrew calendar.  During the plagues, a memorial for the Hebrews to keep yearly, is instituted.  This memorial would become a statute of those who perform the practical applications of the Hebrew faith; for example, the keeping of the Sabbath, but the time-keeping (months-years) in an annual sense.

FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD

http://www.shmayisrael.com/Downloads/Passover.pdf

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Blessings/Holiday_Blessings/Pesach_Blessings/pesach_blessings.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Pesach/Seder/seder.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

Ethiopic Passover is known as: Fasika(ፋሲካ)

http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/english/weekly/easter.pdf

http://www.eotc-berlin.org/files/lent-easter.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

Plagues:

8th) Locusts – Exod. 10:1-20;

9th) Darkness – Exod. 10:21-29; 

10th) Death of Firstborn – Exod. 11:1-10, 12:29-32

God tells Moses and Aaron, and to go to Pharaoh, knowing that his heart was hardened but the signs and wonders of God, were to come upon Egypt.  The children of Israel were to tell the their children and the many generations to come, of the signs, of YHWH.

bo - parsha (locust 8th plague)

Locusts, the eighth plague, which covered the land of Egypt, and devoured crops, fields and such put put more strain on the land.

[Exo. 10: 1-8]

bo - parsha (plagues of egypt)

Moses and his brother Aaron, were brought to Pharaoh, in supplication that they inquire of YHWH, that the locusts be taken up from the land of Egypt, in exchange for the children of Israel to make a feast to him, in service.  It was so made, in that a west wind took the locusts, just as an east wind brought them in.

[Exo. 10: 9-19]

The Plague of Locusts _ by James J. Tissot

The Plague of Locusts _ by James J. Tissot

Pharaoh’s heart, being hardened once more, he continued his refusal of letting go the children of Israel.  God told Moses, to stretch his hands toward the heavens so that it would be darkness to fall upon the land of Egypt.(three days)  When the darkness covered Egypt, Pharaoh pleaded with Moses to make sacrifice to YHWH, bring light upon Egypt.

[Exo. 10: 20-29]

Ninth Plague of Egypt - Darkness _ painting by Gustave Dore

Ninth Plague of Egypt – Darkness _ painting by Gustave Dore

God then, told Moses that there would still be yet, one more plague that would be placed upon Egypt.  For afterwards this plague the children of Israel, would come out of Egypt.  Moses was to tell the people, to prepare to exit Egypt, shortly, and to borrow of their neighbors jewels of silver and gold; even so to the point that they received favor in the sight of the Egyptians because of the sign and wonders, that they were able to take of them as well.  But yet, every firstborn of Egypt would be taken away, even that of the Pharaoh’s house.  This would be the 10th and final plague.

[Exo. 11: 1- 12:1]

bo - parsha (Aleph-Alef-Tav-Taw) [ET] (doorpost blood)

Tav/Tawfinal Hebrew Letter – ת

“And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it”.

Passover Seder

(Exodus 12:7)

In this, the institution of the Passover was established for the Hebrews.  The children of Israel were to calculate the beginning of their months from the coming out of Egypt.

hebrew calendar - spring (Yamim Noraim) Holy Days

[Exo. 12: 2-29]

bo - parsha (The Passover Instituted by CF Vos)

Pharaoh then, rose up in the morning, and called for Moses and Aaron, pleaded that they immediately leave Egypt, for in the land of Egypt there was not one house that had not one dead.

[Exo. 12: 30-36]

bo - parsha (plague death of the 1stborn)

& the children of made haste, for there was a mixed multitude that accompanied them as the prepared to make their journey from Egypt.  They left with many of the treasures of Egypt, for they sought to rid themselves of the plagues which Israel brought into the land following the blessings that it poured upon them.

[Exo. 12: 38- 13:16]

bo -parsha (Tissot_The_Exodus)

Exodus

✡ Feast of Unleavened Bread – የቂጣውን እንጀራ በዓል – חג המצות ✡ …Passover continued…

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover. In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח. Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs, and their freedom as a nation under the leadership of. But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political, and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt (Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt (Upper Egypt).

Now as the celebration of Pesach has come to a close for this year and the festival/feast of Unleavened Bread has begun, we here at RRR, seek to expound on the intricate details of the second celebration which extends the joyous event of Pesach;

the Feast of Unleavened Bread – የቂጣውን በዓል – חג המצות.

– Ethiopian baked bread (Injera)

During the initiation of the Passover, the last plague (10th/tenth) placed upon the Egyptians and the Land of Egypt, the children of Israel the next morning were unable to fully prepare for the journey they were about to take through the wilderness; for they were thrust out Egypt for Pharaoh wanted nothing more to do with the Hebrews for the power of God of Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob had proven omnipotent.

[Exod. 11:29-33]


The Egyptians were urgent on getting the children of Israel, to leave the land of Egypt after the angel of death, sent by the God of the Hebrews to plague Egypt, of the all the firstborn of the land.

So, the Israelites took what they could of their own belongings, and the Egyptians lent to them what they didn’t have for fear of any plagues. But, when it came to the food that the children of Israel sought to take with them, the bread they had baked was without leaven so the dough had no time to rise for they sought to leave Egypt abruptly.

Israel leaving Egypt _ painting by Tissot

While, in route through the wilderness the children of Israel ate unleavened bread, until there was no more bread at all; as they did for the institution of the Passover Seder.

[Exod. 12:15 ; vrs. 33-51]

– notice the similarities in the (L) Ethiopian “Sahin” & the (R) Hebrew “Seder” plates.

Links for Study:

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Pesach/pesach.html

http://www.lionofjudahsociety.org/free-pdf-book-rastafari-exodus-passover-haggadah-seder-worthy-is-jah-lamb/

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/lojsociety

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/passover/pesach_cdo/aid/871715/jewish/Passover-Pesach-2017.htm

http://www.jewfaq.org/holidaya.htm

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/passover-history-and-overview

RSS# 15 (ግባ/בֹּא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (or Yefdeyah).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with Bo – בֹּא. On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5777, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 7th – ז, & on the 8th – ח, of the month of Shébât – שְׁבָט, for this week, in this mode of study;  for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2009/2029/7509, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 26th – ፳፮, & on the 27th፳፯on the (ወርኀ)month of T’r-ጥር.  In the Scriptures, what is also known as G’bӑ – ግባ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 10: 1- 13:16

Jeremiah 46: 13-28

Luke 22: 7-30

I Corinthians 11: 20-34

This portion our study of the Scriptures, deals with the three (3) remaining plagues of Egypt.  

The children of Israel are instructed by God to compose their calendar (or simply a “time keep-sake”) by the phases of the moon, which leads to the creation of the lunar Hebrew calendar.  During the plagues, a memorial for the Hebrews to keep yearly, is instituted.  This memorial would become a statute of those who perform the practical applications of the Hebrew faith; for example, the keeping of the Sabbath, but the time-keeping (months-years) in an annual sense.

FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD

qitta-enjera-unleavened-bread-ethiopic

http://www.shmayisrael.com/Downloads/Passover.pdf

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Blessings/Holiday_Blessings/Pesach_Blessings/pesach_blessings.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Pesach/Seder/seder.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

Ethiopic Passover is known as: Fasika (ፋሲካ)

http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/english/weekly/easter.pdf

http://www.eotc-berlin.org/files/lent-easter.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

Plagues:

8th) Locusts – Exod. 10:1-20; 

9th) Darkness – Exod. 10:21-29; 

10th) Death of Firstborn – Exod. 11:1-10, 12:29-32

God tells Moses and Aaron, and to go to Pharaoh, knowing that his heart was hardened but the signs and wonders of God, were to come upon Egypt.  The children of Israel were to tell the their children and the many generations to come, of the signs, of YHWH.

bo - parsha (locust 8th plague)

Locusts, the eighth plague, which covered the land of Egypt, and devoured crops, fields and such put put more strain on the land.

[Exo. 10: 1-8]

bo - parsha (plagues of egypt)

Moses and his brother Aaron, were brought to Pharaoh, in supplication that they inquire of YHWH, that the locusts be taken up from the land of Egypt, in exchange for the children of Israel to make a feast to him, in service.  It was so made, in that a west wind took the locusts, just as an east wind brought them in.

[Exo. 10: 9-19]

The Plague of Locusts _ by James J. Tissot

The Plague of Locusts _ by James J. Tissot

Pharaoh’s heart, being hardened once more, he continued his refusal of letting go the children of Israel.  God told Moses, to stretch his hands toward the heavens so that it would be darkness to fall upon the land of Egypt.(three days)  When the darkness covered Egypt, Pharaoh pleaded with Moses to make sacrifice to YHWH, bring light upon Egypt.

[Exo. 10: 20-29]

Ninth Plague of Egypt - Darkness _ painting by Gustave Dore

Ninth Plague of Egypt – Darkness _ painting by Gustave Dore

God then, told Moses that there would still be yet, one more plague that would be placed upon Egypt.  For afterwards this plague the children of Israel, would come out of Egypt.  Moses was to tell the people, to prepare to exit Egypt, shortly, and to borrow of their neighbors jewels of silver and gold; even so to the point that they received favor in the sight of the Egyptians because of the sign and wonders, that they were able to take of them as well.  But yet, every firstborn of Egypt would be taken away, even that of the Pharaoh’s house.  This would be the 10th and final plague.

[Exo. 11: 1- 12:1]

bo - parsha (Aleph-Alef-Tav-Taw) [ET] (doorpost blood)

Tav/Taw – final Hebrew Letter – ת

“And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it”.

(Passover Seder)

(Exodus 12:7)

In this, the institution of the Passover was established for the Hebrews.  The children of Israel were to calculate the beginning of their months from the coming out of Egypt.

hebrew calendar - spring (Yamim Noraim) Holy Days

[Exo. 12: 2-29]

bo - parsha (The Passover Instituted by CF Vos)

Pharoah then, rose up in the morning, and called for Moses and Aaron, pleaded that they immediately leave Egypt, for in the land of Egypt there was not one house that had not one dead.

[Exo. 12: 30-36]

bo - parsha (plague death of the 1stborn)

& the children of made haste, for there was a mixed multitude that accompanied them as the prepared to make their journey from Egypt.  They left with many of the treasures of Egypt, for they sought to rid themselves of the plagues which Israel brought into the land following the blessings that it poured upon them.

[Exo. 12: 38- 13:16]

bo -parsha (Tissot_The_Exodus)

Exodus

41st RSS#(፵፩/מא) Portion Study

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Ph(F)ïncḥas פִּינְחָס, on the 23rd – כג , & the 24th – כד , of the month of Tammuz – תמוז, in the year of 5776. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2008/7508; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Feenḥas – ፊንሐስ, on the 22nd – ፳፪, & on the 23rd – ፳፫, of the month (ወርኀ) of Hämlæy – ሐምሌ.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Numbers 25:10 – 30:1

I Kings 18:46 – 19:21

Romans 11: 2-32

In this study, we continue in the accordance to the last portion.(Balak)  After what had become the Heresy of Baal-Peor, Phineas, the son of Eleazar, and the grandson of Aaron(Moses’ brother), lead in a moments notice, with zealot acts.

Pinchas ben-Eleazar (Phineas, the son of Eleazar; grandson of Aaron); Tribe of Lew[v]i

Pinchas ben-Eleazar (Phineas, the son of Eleazar; grandson of Aaron); Tribe of Lew[v]i _ accredited to Mr. John L. Johnson‘s work, the Black Biblical Heritage.

Phineas, in which this parsha study is named, from the Hebrew and the Ethiopic Amharic, had slain a Midianitish woman, who’s name was Cozbi, and a Simeonite prince of Israel; who’s name was Zimri.   These two, along with many others partook in the turning away from God, in the sin of Baal-Peor.  Phineas, had stood up for Israel, turning God’s wrath away from them because of his zealous act and understanding of the covenant that was to be kept, between Israel & YHWH.

"[a depiction]" Phineas, slaying the man of Israel, for his treachery, & the woman for her corruption. [Numb. 25: 7 & 8]--for full context--[read Numbers Chpt. 25, in entirety]

“[a depiction]” Phineas, slaying the man of Israel, for his treachery, & the woman for her corruption. [Numb. 25: 7 & 8]–for full context–[read Numbers Chpt. 25, in entirety]

So, in a sense, because Phineas was willing to give his all to his God & for his people; seeing as how the Moabites and Midianites had conspired against Israel to bring them out of the favor of God; Phineas even went to the extent of going to war for God and them(children of Israel).  Phineas’ actions coupled with his faith as well, opened the door in which God gave a Covenant of Peace.  He and his those of his lineage would partake in it, continuing the Priesthood, among the lineage of Aaron(Moses’ brother).

[Numb. 25: 10-18]

[Ancient] Egypt & Ethiopia; Mirrors of a Hamo-Shemitic culture: Phineas' Zealousy for God; Young & Valiant staff carrying King Tut(Tutankhamun)

[Ancient] Egypt & Ethiopia; Mirrors of a Hamo-Shemitic culture: Phineas’ Zealousy for God; Young & Valiant staff carrying King Tut(Tutankhamun)

Moses, was then instructed by God to take an account(census), for the second time, of the children of Israel, by family(or tribal lineage). [other census was taken in Numbers Chpt. 1: 1-16]

Because, of the waywardness of Israel’s faithfulness to God, their numbers dwindled and grew in spurts, while in the wilderness.  (ie. the Golden Calf, the Rebellion of Korah, and at this point; post- the Heresy of Baal-Peor…not forgetting the other instances withing Israel while in the wilderness)  So, Moses was instructed to take Eleazar, the High Priest(son of Aaron; father of Phineas), and number the children of Israel, once again, for God had said the because of the disobedience of this people, they should not enter into my rest.  But the children that would come after them would partake in the covenant, made the Abraham, Isaac & Jacob; albeit that those children of the generation of the Exodus from Egypt, would uphold the covenant and abide by the laws, commandments and statutes of God.

[Numb. 26: 1-51]

balak - parsha [land of canaan before conquest]

The children of Israel, were numbered by their tribal lineages, for the second time, by Moses and Eleazar; for God was preparing to bring the children of the Israelites, who made the Exodus from Egypt to the wilderness; into the Land that was Promised.

[Numb. 26: 52-65]

Twelve Tribes of Israel; Land of Canaan, divided inheritance for the Tribes of Israel.

Twelve Tribes of Israel; Land of Canaan, divided inheritance for the Tribes of Israel.

At this point, when the children of Israel, were receiving their plots and inheritances of the land, the Daughters of Zelophehad, came to Moses and the congregation in attempt to procure, the inheritance due to their father, who had passed & had no son pass his lineage to; for he(Zelophehad) had five daughters.  Usually, the children of Israel made it customary for the son to inherit the lot of his father’s.

- credit to africaontheblog.com

– credit to africaontheblog.com

Moses, in sincerity, took the Daughters of Zelophehad’s case to God, & God explained to Moses that though the children of Israel kept customary morals, the Daughters of Zelophehad had a very probable case.  God instructed to grant the daughters the plot that was to be allotted to their father, had he bear a son, whom would carry on his lineage among Israel.  From then on, it would not be a question whether or not a man bear a son to inherit his plot; because, the laws for possessing an inheritance from one parents among Israel, would not only come as a responsibility to the male children among Israel, but the responsibility would also come to the daughters, as well.

(Zelophehad; inheritance led to Manessah, son of Joseph)

[Numb. 27: 1-11 ]

The Daughter of Zelophehad _ painting by Iris Wexler

The Daughters of Zelophehad _ painting by Iris Wexler

God then spoke to Moses, saying, go up to Mount Abarim, and see the land which will give to the children of Israel, to dwell.  Moses, could view the land from afar, but he couldn’t enter in, because of his disobedience at the waters of Meribah, in Kadesh(when Moses struck the ROCK); so Moses would be gathered to his people, along with the generation that wandered in the wilderness.

[Numb. 27: 12-14]

Moses, spoke to God, atop Mount Abarim, requesting that he appoint the children of Israel, another who would succeed him in leading the Israel into the Promised Land.

haazinu - parsha [moses_on_mount_abarim]

There God said to Moses, that Joshua, the son of Nun, should succeed him, in leading the children of Israel into the Promised Land.  Moses was to take Joshua, in front of Eleazar, the High Priest, and before the congregation of all the Hebrews to give him the charge & honour in the place of himself. (Moses)

[Numb. 27: 15-23]

Moses Blesses Joshua in the midst of all the children of Israel _painting by James J. Tissot

Moses Blesses Joshua in the midst of all the children of Israel _painting by James J. Tissot

Sabbath [Numb. 28: 10-15]

shabbat shalom

Fourteenth/Fifteenth of the First Month(Passover) & the (feast of Unleavened Bread) [Numb. 28: 16-25]

pesach9

Passover – “Pesach” – Feast of Unleavened Bread

Day of the Firstfruits(Festival of Weeks) [Numb. 28: 26-31]

Festival of Weeks - "Shab(v)uout" - Firstfruits

Festival of Weeks – “Shab(v)uout” – Firstfruits

First Day of the Seventh Month(Rosh HaShannah) [Numb. 29: 1-6]

LeShanna Tob(v)ah - "Rosh HaShanna" - Hebraic/Jewish New Year

LeShanna Tob(v)ah T’cketeb(v) [Hebrew New Year Greeting] – “Rosh HaShanna” – Hebraic/Jewish New Year

Tenth Day of the Seventh Month(Yom Kippur/Day of Atonement) [Numb. 29: 9-11]

Yom Kippur - "Day of Atonement" - Yom HaKippurim

Yom Kippur – “Day of Atonement” – Yom HaKippurim

& the

Fifteenth Day of the Seventh Month(Feast of Tabernacles/Booths) [Numb. 29: 12-39]

Festival of Booths - "Sukkot" - Feast of Tabernacles

Festival of Booths – “Sukkot” – Feast of Tabernacles

31st RSS#(፴፩/לא) Portion Study

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Æmor – אֱמֹרon the 12th – יב, & on the 13th – יג, from a Jewish/Hebrew mode of study for those out in the diaspora, living outside of Jerusalem or Israel; on of the month of Iyyar (אִייָר) or otherwise known as Ziw(v) – [זיו] . (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as of the month of Iyar-אִייָר. [“Iyar,” from its Shemitic root is an Akkadian nameAyarru“- which has a literal meaning in English asblossom or to blossom“; Iyar is also referred to asZi(w)v זיו “= from its Hebrew origin means,to light or glow“]  (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as B’leh N’gerachew – ብለህ ንገራቸው;  on the 12th – ፲፪, & on the 13th – ፲፫, of the month of G’nbot(ግንቦት) for this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Leviticus 21:1 – 24:23

Ezekiel 44: 15 – 31

I Peter 2: 4 – 10

  The parsha/kifil for this week, is Æmor-B’leh N’gerachew.  But, aside from some of the more obvious inclinations made by socially, historically and politically aware brethren & sistren who probably recognize the blatancy of the symbology passing through the consciousness of the of study portion of the Scriptures, for this week; we will do our best to relay the best possible analysis.

Before going into the study portion in-depth, we will focus on the certain aspects that may or may not interest others in their examinations of not only our claims to the foundation of these studies but, others as well.  For instance, the Hebrew word Æmor – אֱמֹר, which comes to an English meaning of “say,” “utterance,” “word,”(or moreso dealing with speaking).  & the Ethiopian-Amharic equivalent which is, B’leh N’gerachew – ብለህ ንገራቸው, is in harmony to the manner of “speaking words,” more to the implications of intelligently speaking, but spoken words nonetheless being the focal point.

* SIDENOTE: for consideration *

Now, in noticing the ancient names for this week’s portion of the study of the Scriptures, there’s noticeable keys of understanding that one may pick up on, if attention is brought to it.  The point to be made is this,…: Æmor, has a resonant sound phonetically with the Law term known as “Moor.”  When this word/term is scrutinized carefully the term for this parsha, from the Hebraic form can collectively include the disobedience/fall of a great people of a dark hue(color), who were recognized legally during a certain period of time in the southern European region; comprising a number of countries.

moor-definition

From the Ethiopic perspective, the name of the kifil-portion, is B’leh N’gerachew-ብለህ ንገራቸው, and phonetically, especially for anyone who was born or grew up in the Western Hemisphere of the world, could notice the irony of the name of the study, along with the cognitive inferences to the modern time.  B’leh-ብለህ, which more than likely could mean “wise” or “intelligent,” & N’gerachew-ንገራቸው, giving meaning to “words,” or “manners of speaking.

Now, with the term Hebraic Æmor, and of course, the phonetical sounds in the Ethiopic word N’gerachew, the surety of understanding who, and what black people are in general should be a point of interest.  Mainly, because this parsha/kifil deals with the blaspheming of an individual in Hebraic community that was in the wilderness.

THIS WEEK’s STUDY,

is Æmor, which also tells of the rules and regulations given to the children of Israel, for the purification of the priests.  This study takes account of the HOLY days, which were to be observed by Israel, throughout their generations.  This study also shows the instruction by God, to Moses for Israel to perform service in the Tabernacle.  For example, the lights and bread in the Sanctuary were assembled and prepared in specific manner for worship in the Hebrew faith.  The blasphemer and his punishment are also a matter of focus in this study of the Scriptures.

priestly blessing hebrew

The laws for the priesthood were laid out to Moses, for the Kohaniim-כֹּהֲנִים(Priests) of the children of Israel.

[Lev. 21: 1-9]

Correspondingly, laws and commandments were laid out for the women of the children of Israel, with no partiality.  This would show that the children of Israel regardless of gender(sex), were to take responsibility for ones’ self.

[Lev. 21: 9-15]

Commandments of reaping the harvest, in the counting of the Omer, were obligations of the children of Israel, and gleaners were to leave a portion for the poor.

[Lev. 21: 15-24]

kedoshim - parsha [The Gleaners (engraving by Gustave Doré from the 1865 La Sainte Bible)]

The institution for the observance of the HIGH HOLY days were given to Moses for the Hebrew people, as well, in this study.  The feasts were the appointed times the children of Israel, were to reap the their harvests.  Known is modern Judaism, as the Moedim-מועדים: or the Yamim Nora’imימים נוראים.

[Lev. 23: 10-15]

The Sabbath(Shabbot/Senbet), Pesach, Sha(v)bu’ot, Rosh HaShanna, & Yom Kippur, were of the Meodim, that were spoken of in the Scripture study.

[Lev. 23: 1-44]

Shalosh Regalim

"The Blasphemer Stoned" _(illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible)

The_Blasphemer_Stoned(illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible)

☩ Fasika (ፋሲካ) ✡ Pesach [פֶּסַח] ☩

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to yet another posting for the celebration of height of the Ethiopian-Hebrew (Judeo-Christian) season as we have reached another Passover!

This Passover, Lenten season is marked after the post-blood moon tetrad of 2014-15′ (Gregorian years) & brings forth many revelations of the continuance  and unfolding of prophecies from ancient times.  This season in the Hebrew year of 5776, Ethiopic years of 7508/2008, brings in the delayed Springtime with much happening in & around the world.

Passover_jpg

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover.  In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח.  Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs, and their freedom as a nation under the leadership of.  But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political,  and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt(Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt(Upper Egypt).

Passover is considered apart of the Shalosh Regalim, or the main festivals of Israel’s commemoration to God.  The day commences on the afternoon of the Hebraic, 14th of the month of Nisan.

passover - fasika readings 2016 (hebrew4christians.com)

The narrative of the Exodus from the Scriptures, [Exo. 23: 15], gives the overlay of the children of Israel story in Rgypt.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/passover/pesach_cdo/aid/871715/jewish/What-Is-Passover.htm

http://www.jewfaq.org/holidaya.htm

 

 

 

Likewise in the Ethiopic tradition, the celebration of Fasika,  in other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’âllä Tínsá’éy – በዓለ ትንሣኤ.  I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherance to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic Passover (Pesach/PesaKH’ – פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread (KH’ag/Chag Ha’Motz’ot – Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

Ethiopian Injera - Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa'e)

Ethiopian Injera – Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa’e)

Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

Fasika22

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season(often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade – ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome – ዓቢይ ጾመ.

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent

[The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortification. Self denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things. It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed on the faithful the longest and most austere fasts in the world. Fasting implies abstention from food and drink. Special days are appointed for fasting. Every Wednesday and Friday are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord and on Friday they crucified him.]

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church-(Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fetha Nägäst – or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}

Fasika11

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

Abíy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓቢይ ጾም _ Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ (the Lenten Fast)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to another celebratory posting as we move closer to monumental commemoration of the Hebraic Passover.  This time is set for recollection and reexamination of one’s self.  Fasting & prayer is key leading up to the Passover.

Passover, commemorates the Hebrew Exodus out of Egypt during the bondage in which much of the original concepts of faith, culture and development were skewed in increments only noticeable to the people who had a immersed concept of the earlier testimonies of the origins.  Passover in the Hebraic sense is known as Pésăcḥ – פִּסֵחַ.  This Hebraic celebration is also known to be part of the Moedim – מועדים, or the “appointed times” set apart for the Hebrews/Israelites (Jews & those alike) to observe as memorials.  In the Ethiopic sense, Passover is known as Fasika – ፋሲካ.  In the way of the Hebrew/Jewish manners of faithful practices, the Ethiopians & Eritreans recognize this time of year in extremely similar patterns.  Though, there are applications in the greater in number churches, of the West; this still excludes them. (for example, the Roman Catholic, Baptist, Seven-day Adventist churches, Evangelical, etc.)  The Eastern Orthodox churches has observances that mirror those of what would be known as more, Hebraic or Jewish practices when pertaining to faith.

([YeAbiy Ts’om Minbabat : Zeymawoch’na Sibketoch]) = The Readings for the “Great Fast” : Times of the Teachings/Preachings/Sermons.

http://ethiopianorthodox.org/amharic/seasonal/lentprogram.html

Now, the to the reason for this post here at RasTafari Renaissance; is the “Great Fast,” or Abíy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓቢይ ጾም.  This period in the Ethiopian & Eritrean Churches, which are also known as the “Tewahido/Tewahedo” churches clustered with the other Orthodox sister churches have similar practices which have orderly examples in which they observe this time leading up to Passover; known to the greater world as “Easter.”  You may know of this time especially in the West, that leads to Easter as “Lent” or the Lenten Fast.lent-hudade

To the Ethiopian & Eritrean Orthodox Churches, Lent (Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ) means a period of fasting when the faithful undergo a rigorous schedule of prayers and penitence. This fast is observed with greater rigor than any other fast and it is a test of one’s Christianity.  One who fails to keep it is not considered a good Christian.  Properly observed it nullifies the sins committed during the rest of the year.  The faithful should abstain from all food except bread, water and salt.  It consists of about 56 days (opposite of the Western Christian – 40 days), all meat is forbidden, and also, what are called “lactina/lactose;” milk, butter, cheese, eggs, etc.

hebrew calendar - spring (Yamim Noraim) Holy Days

On all the fasting days only one meal is allowed and this is to be taken in the afternoon, or in the evening. On Saturdays and Sundays people are allowed to eat in the morning.  Daily Services are conducted in all the Churches.  Each day services are held from morning to the afternoon.  Priests regularly attend night services starting at midnight up to the early morning.
fasika5Each week of the Great Lent has its own name associated with what Christ did or taught. The names and the corresponding part of the bible are shown below with each Sunday heralding the beginning of each week.

http://www.eotc.faithweb.com/

[NOTE:]  Usually, small children of are excluded from these practices until the age of maturity has surfaced. (around pre-teen, or the teenage period)

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent [2]

https://ethnomed.org/calendar/abiy-tsom-lent-2016

15th RSS#(፲፭/טו) Portion Study

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to a new regenartion of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of the Torah portion with Bo – בֹּא. On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5776, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 5thה, & the 6thו, of the month of Shébât – שְׁבָט, for this week, in this mode of study; for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2008/2028/7508, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 6th – ፮, & the 7th – ፯, on the (ወርኀ)month of T’r-ጥር.  In the Scriptures, what is also known as G’bӑ – ግባ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 10: 1- 13:16

Jeremiah 46: 13-28

Luke 22: 7-30

I Corinthians 11: 20-34

This portion our study of the Scriptures, deals with the three (3) remaining plagues of Egypt.  

The children of Israel are instructed by God to compose their calendar (or simply a “time keep-sake”) by the phases of the moon, which leads to the creation of the lunar Hebrew calendar.  During the plagues, a memorial for the Hebrews to keep yearly, is instituted.  This memorial would become a statute of those who perform the practical applications of the Hebrew faith; for example, the keeping of the Sabbath, but the time-keeping (months-years) in an annual sense.

FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD

http://www.shmayisrael.com/Downloads/Passover.pdf

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Blessings/Holiday_Blessings/Pesach_Blessings/pesach_blessings.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Pesach/Seder/seder.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

Ethiopic Passover is known as: Fasika(ፋሲካ)

http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/english/weekly/easter.pdf

http://www.eotc-berlin.org/files/lent-easter.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

Plagues:

8th) Locusts – Exod. 10:1-20; 9th) Darkness – Exod. 10:21-29; 

10th) Death of Firstborn – Exod. 11:1-10, 12:29-32

God tells Moses and Aaron, and to go to Pharaoh, knowing that his heart was hardened but the signs and wonders of God, were to come upon Egypt.  The children of Israel were to tell the their children and the many generations to come, of the signs, of YHWH.

bo - parsha (locust 8th plague)

Locusts, the eighth plague, which covered the land of Egypt, and devoured crops, fields and such put put more strain on the land.

[Exo. 10: 1-8]

bo - parsha (plagues of egypt)

Moses and his brother Aaron, were brought to Pharaoh, in supplication that they inquire of YHWH, that the locusts be taken up from the land of Egypt, in exchange for the children of Israel to make a feast to him, in service.  It was so made, in that a west wind took the locusts, just as an east wind brought them in.

[Exo. 10: 9-19]

The Plague of Locusts _ by James J. Tissot

The Plague of Locusts _ by James J. Tissot

Pharaoh’s heart, being hardened once more, he continued his refusal of letting go the children of Israel.  God told Moses, to stretch his hands toward the heavens so that it would be darkness to fall upon the land of Egypt.(three days)  When the darkness covered Egypt, Pharaoh pleaded with Moses to make sacrifice to YHWH, bring light upon Egypt.

[Exo. 10: 20-29]

Ninth Plague of Egypt - Darkness _ painting by Gustave Dore

Ninth Plague of Egypt – Darkness _ painting by Gustave Dore

God then, told Moses that there would still be yet, one more plague that would be placed upon Egypt.  For afterwards this plague the children of Israel, would come out of Egypt.  Moses was to tell the people, to prepare to exit Egypt, shortly, and to borrow of their neighbors jewels of silver and gold; even so to the point that they received favor in the sight of the Egyptians because of the sign and wonders, that they were able to take of them as well.  But yet, every firstborn of Egypt would be taken away, even that of the Pharaoh’s house.  This would be the 10th and final plague.

[Exo. 11: 1- 12:1]

bo - parsha (Aleph-Alef-Tav-Taw) [ET] (doorpost blood)

Tav/Tawfinal Hebrew Letter – ת

“And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it”.

(Passover Seder)

(Exodus 12:7)

In this, the institution of the Passover was established for the Hebrews.  The children of Israel were to calculate the beginning of their months from the coming out of Egypt.

hebrew calendar - spring (Yamim Noraim) Holy Days

[Exo. 12: 2-29]

bo - parsha (The Passover Instituted by CF Vos)

Pharoah then, rose up in the morning, and called for Moses and Aaron, pleaded that they immediately leave Egypt, for in the land of Egypt there was not one house that had not one dead.

[Exo. 12: 30-36]

bo - parsha (plague death of the 1stborn)

& the children of made haste, for there was a mixed multitude that accompanied them as the prepared to make their journey from Egypt.  They left with many of the treasures of Egypt, for they sought to rid themselves of the plagues which Israel brought into the land following the blessings that it poured upon them.

[Exo. 12: 38- 13:16]

bo -parsha (Tissot_The_Exodus)

Exodus

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