Tag Archives: Feast of Unleavened Bread

RSS#41 (ፊንሐስ / פִּינְחָס)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Ph(F)ïncḥas פִּינְחָס, on the 23rd – כג , & the 24th – כד , of the month of Tammuz – תמוז, in the year of 5779. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2011/7511; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Feenḥas – ፊንሐስ, on the 28th – ፳፰, & on the 29th – ፳፱, of the month (ወርኀ) of Sänæy – ሰኔ.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Numbers 25:10 – 30:1

I Kings 18:46 – 19:21

Romans 11: 2-32

 

In this study, we continue in the accordance to the last portion.(Balak)  After what had become the Heresy of Baal-Peor, Phineas, the son of Eleazar, and the grandson of Aaron(Moses’ brother), lead in a moments notice, with zealot acts.

Pinchas ben-Eleazar (Phineas, the son of Eleazar; grandson of Aaron); Tribe of Lew[v]i

Pinchas ben-Eleazar (Phineas, the son of Eleazar; grandson of Aaron); ፊንሐስ ወልደ አልዓዛር/פינחס בן-אלעזר Tribe of Lew[v]i _ accredited to Mr. John L. Johnson‘s work, the Black Biblical Heritage.

Phineas, in which this parsha study is named, from the Hebrew and the Ethiopic Amharic, had slain a Midianitish woman, who’s name was Cozbi, and a Simeonite prince of Israel; who’s name was Zimri.   These two, along with many others partook in the turning away from God, in the sin of Baal-Peor.  Phineas, had stood up for Israel, turning God’s wrath away from them because of his zealous act and understanding of the covenant that was to be kept, between Israel & YHWH.

"[a depiction]" Phineas, slaying the man of Israel, for his treachery, & the woman for her corruption. [Numb. 25: 7 & 8]--for full context--[read Numbers Chpt. 25, in entirety]

“[a depiction]” Phineas, slaying the man of Israel, for his treachery, & the woman for her corruption. [Numb. 25: 7 & 8]–for full context–[read Numbers Chpt. 25, in entirety]

So, in a sense, because Phineas was willing to give his all to his God & for his people; seeing as how the Moabites and Midianites had conspired against Israel to bring them out of the favor of God; Phineas even went to the extent of going to war for God and them(children of Israel).  Phineas’ actions coupled with his faith as well, opened the door in which God gave a Covenant of Peace.  He and his those of his lineage would partake in it, continuing the Priesthood, among the lineage of Aaron(Moses’ brother).

[Numb. 25: 10-18]

[Ancient] Egypt & Ethiopia; Mirrors of a Hamo-Shemitic culture: Phineas' Zealousy for God; Young & Valiant staff carrying King Tut(Tutankhamun)

[Ancient] Egypt & Ethiopia; Mirrors of a Hamo-Shemitic culture: Phineas’ Zealousy for God; Young & Valiant staff carrying King Tut(Tutankhamun)

Moses, was then instructed by God to take an account(census), for the second time, of the children of Israel, by family(or tribal lineage). [other census was taken in Numbers Chpt. 1: 1-16]

Because, of the waywardness of Israel’s faithfulness to God, their numbers dwindled and grew in spurts, while in the wilderness.  (ie. the Golden Calf, the Rebellion of Korah, and at this point; post- the Heresy of Baal-Peor…not forgetting the other instances withing Israel while in the wilderness)  So, Moses was instructed to take Eleazar, the High Priest(son of Aaron; father of Phineas), and number the children of Israel, once again, for God had said the because of the disobedience of this people, they should not enter into my rest.  But the children that would come after them would partake in the covenant, made the Abraham, Isaac & Jacob; albeit that those children of the generation of the Exodus from Egypt, would uphold the covenant and abide by the laws, commandments and statutes of God.

[Numb. 26: 1-51]

balak - parsha [land of canaan before conquest]

The children of Israel, were numbered by their tribal lineages, for the second time, by Moses and Eleazar; for God was preparing to bring the children of the Israelites, who made the Exodus from Egypt to the wilderness; into the Land that was Promised.

[Numb. 26: 52-65]

Twelve Tribes of Israel; Land of Canaan, divided inheritance for the Tribes of Israel.

Twelve Tribes of Israel; Land of Canaan, divided inheritance for the Tribes of Israel.

At this point, when the children of Israel, were receiving their plots and inheritances of the land, the Daughters of Zelophehad, came to Moses and the congregation in attempt to procure, the inheritance due to their father, who had passed & had no son pass his lineage to; for he(Zelophehad) had five daughters.  Usually, the children of Israel made it customary for the son to inherit the lot of his father’s.

- credit to africaontheblog.com

– credit to africaontheblog.com

Moses, in sincerity, took the Daughters of Zelophehad’s case to God, & God explained to Moses that though the children of Israel kept customary morals, the Daughters of Zelophehad had a very probable case.  God instructed to grant the daughters the plot that was to be allotted to their father, had he bear a son, whom would carry on his lineage among Israel.  From then on, it would not be a question whether or not a man bear a son to inherit his plot; because, the laws for possessing an inheritance from one parents among Israel, would not only come as a responsibility to the male children among Israel, but the responsibility would also come to the daughters, as well.

(Zelophehad; inheritance led to Manessah, son of Joseph)

[Numb. 27: 1-11 ]

The Daughter of Zelophehad _ painting by Iris Wexler

The Daughters of Zelophehad _ painting by Iris Wexler

God then spoke to Moses, saying, go up to Mount Abarim, and see the land which will give to the children of Israel, to dwell.  Moses, could view the land from afar, but he couldn’t enter in, because of his disobedience at the waters of Meribah, in Kadesh(when Moses struck the ROCK); so Moses would be gathered to his people, along with the generation that wandered in the wilderness.

[Numb. 27: 12-14]

Moses, spoke to God, atop Mount Abarim, requesting that he appoint the children of Israel, another who would succeed him in leading the Israel into the Promised Land.

haazinu - parsha [moses_on_mount_abarim]

There God said to Moses, that Joshua, the son of Nun, should succeed him, in leading the children of Israel into the Promised Land.  Moses was to take Joshua, in front of Eleazar, the High Priest, and before the congregation of all the Hebrews to give him the charge & honour in the place of himself. (Moses)

[Numb. 27: 15-23]

Moses Blesses Joshua in the midst of all the children of Israel _painting by James J. Tissot

Moses Blesses Joshua in the midst of all the children of Israel _painting by James J. Tissot

Sabbath [Numb. 28: 10-15]

shabbat shalom

Fourteenth/Fifteenth of the First Month(Passover) & the (feast of Unleavened Bread) [Numb. 28: 16-25]

pesach9

Passover – “Pesach” – Feast of Unleavened Bread

Day of the Firstfruits(Festival of Weeks) [Numb. 28: 26-31]

Festival of Weeks - "Shab(v)uout" - Firstfruits

Festival of Weeks – “Shab(v)uout” – Firstfruits

First Day of the Seventh Month(Rosh HaShannah) [Numb. 29: 1-6]

LeShanna Tob(v)ah - "Rosh HaShanna" - Hebraic/Jewish New Year

LeShanna Tob(v)ah T’cketeb(v) [Hebrew New Year Greeting] – “Rosh HaShanna” – Hebraic/Jewish New Year

Tenth Day of the Seventh Month(Yom Kippur/Day of Atonement) [Numb. 29: 9-11]

Yom Kippur - "Day of Atonement" - Yom HaKippurim

Yom Kippur – “Day of Atonement” – Yom HaKippurim

& the

Fifteenth Day of the Seventh Month(Feast of Tabernacles/Booths) [Numb. 29: 12-39]

Festival of Booths - "Sukkot" - Feast of Tabernacles

Festival of Booths – “Sukkot” – Feast of Tabernacles

✤ TINS(h)A’E – ትንሣኤ – “RESURRECTION” ✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopic Tewahido-Orthodox, celebration of Fasika.  In other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’ale Tinsa’e – በዓለ ትንሣኤ.

I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherance to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic Passover(Pesach/ PesaKH’-פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread(KH’ag/ Chag Ha’Motz’ot-Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread
Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

 

Ethiopian Injera - Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa'e)
Ethiopian Injera – Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa’e)

 

Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season (often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade-ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome-ዓቢይ ጾመ.

[The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortification. Self denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things. It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed on the faithful the longest and most austere fasts in the world. Fasting implies abstention from food and drink. Special days are appointed for fasting. Every Wednesday and Friday are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord and on Friday they crucified him.]

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church-(Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fetha Nägäst-or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}

 

LINKS:

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

✡ (Sabbath Observance) Feast of Unleavened Bread – የቂጣውን እንጄራ በዓል – חג המצות ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Chag HaMatzot or the Feast of Unleavened Bread, is the second annual festival on YHWH’s biblical calendar (sometimes known academic circles as the ecclesiastical calendar, and occurs on the fifteenth day of the month of the Abib, which is the day immediately following Passover (or Pesach, Lev 23:5–8). Because both of these feasts (Exod 34:25; Lev 23:2, 6) occur back-to-back, the Jews often refer to Passover and Unleavened Bread simply as Passover Week or some similar term that places the main emphasis on the Passover. But it must be noted that, though related, these two festivals are separate in meaning and purpose. Passover pictures Israel coming out of Egypt. Upon separating from Egypt, YHWH (the LORD) then commanded the Israelites to put all leavened food products out of their houses and to eat unleavened bread (flat bread) for seven days, hence the origins of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Additionally, the first and seventh days of this week-long event are Sabbaths, and YHWH commanded his people to hold a set-apart convocation (or gathering) on these Sabbaths.

the Feast of Unleavened Bread-የቂጣውን በዓል – חג המצות.

- Ethiopian baked bread (Injera)

During the initiation of the Passover, the last plague (10th/tenth) placed upon the Egyptians and the Land of Egypt, the children of Israel the next morning were unable to fully prepare for the journey they were about to take through the wilderness; for they were thrust out Egypt for Pharaoh wanted nothing more to do with the Hebrews for the power of God of Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob had proven omnipotent.

[Exod. 11:29-33]

The Egyptians were urgent on getting the children of Israel, to leave the land of Egypt after the angel of death, sent by the God of the Hebrews to plague Egypt, of the all the firstborn of the land.


So, the Israelites took what they could of their own belongings, and the Egyptians lent to them what they didn’t have for fear of any plagues.  But, when it came to the food that the children of Israel sought to take with them, the bread they had baked was without leaven so the dough had no time to rise for they sought to leave Egypt abruptly.

Israel leaving Egypt _ painting by Tissot

While, in route through the wilderness the children of Israel ate unleavened bread, until there was no more bread at all; as they did for the institution of thePassover Seder.

[Exod. 12:15 ; vrs. 33-51]

LINKS: 

http://lojsociety.org/books

https://rastafarirenaissance.com/tag/feast-of-unleavened-bread/

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/Anavah/anavah.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

https://www.sefaria.org/Exodus.12.23?lang=bi&with=Onkelos%20Exodus&lang2=bi

✡ Feast of Unleavened Bread – የቂጣውን በዓል – חג המצות ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover.  In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח.  Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs, and their freedom as a nation under the leadership of.  But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political,  and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt(Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt(Upper Egypt).

Now as the celebration of Pesach has come to a close for this year and the festival/feast of Unleavened Bread has begun, we here at RRR, seek to expound on the intricate details of the second celebration which extends the joyous event of Pesach;

the Feast of Unleavened Bread-የቂጣውን በዓል – חג המצות.

- Ethiopian baked bread (Injera)

During the initiation of the Passover, the last plague (10th/tenth) placed upon the Egyptians and the Land of Egypt, the children of Israel the next morning were unable to fully prepare for the journey they were about to take through the wilderness; for they were thrust out Egypt for Pharaoh wanted nothing more to do with the Hebrews for the power of God of Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob had proven omnipotent.

[Exod. 11:29-33]

The Egyptians were urgent on getting the children of Israel, to leave the land of Egypt after the angel of death, sent by the God of the Hebrews to plague Egypt, of the all the firstborn of the land.

So, the Israelites took what they could of their own belongings, and the Egyptians lent to them what they didn’t have for fear of any plagues.  But, when it came to the food that the children of Israel sought to take with them, the bread they had baked was without leaven so the dough had no time to rise for they sought to leave Egypt abruptly.

Israel leaving Egypt _ painting by Tissot

While, in route through the wilderness the children of Israel ate unleavened bread, until there was no more bread at all; as they did for the institution of thePassover Seder.

[Exod. 12:15 ; vrs. 33-51]

LINKS: 

http://lojsociety.org/books

https://rastafarirenaissance.com/tag/feast-of-unleavened-bread/

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/Anavah/anavah.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

https://www.sefaria.org/Exodus.12.23?lang=bi&with=Onkelos%20Exodus&lang2=bi

RSS# 18 (ሥራዓት / מִּשְׁפָּטִים)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Mishpatim – מִּשְׁפָּטִים, on the 26th – כו, & on the 27th – כזof the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָטin the year of 5779. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2011/7511; on the 24th – ፳፬, & on the 25th – ፳፭, of the month of Tîr – ጥር.  These readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as;  S(h)’raut – ሥራዓት.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 21:1- 24:18

Jeremiah 34:8-22 ; chpt. 33: 25, 26

Matthew 5:38-42 ; chpt. 17: 1-11

Now, in summation of the study we have in front of us, this portion of the study of the Scriptures, laws/ordinances/judgments for the Passover(Pesach – פסח / Fasika – ፋሲካ) are set out.  In addition to the Decalogue(Ten Commandments/Words), another series of laws were given to Moses, to give to the children of Israel. This has been accounted for as the covenant upon Mount Sinai (or the Sinaitic Covenant).  God commands Moses, Aaron, & Aaron’s sons: Nadab and Abihu, to ascend the mountain.

[Ex. 24:9-11]

Covenant Code(detailed statutes)

[Exodus 21-23]

ELoHIM upon Mt Sinai

The instituting of Hebrews,( in particular the men ), to show up or appear, before God three times was established, with these detailed statutes.

Laws and ordinances, on servitude, child rearing, crime, and other aspects, are covered for the children of Israel to observe and do.  This has been accounted for as the covenant upon Mount Sinai.

Feast of Unleavened Bread

(Passover – פֶּסַח), is a memorial of the Exodus from Egypt. It also observes, the avoiding all leavened grain products and similar foods of consumption.  Most families or communities tell stories of the Exodus traditionally. Pesach(Passover) usually lasts eight days (for some others it may comprise seven days): Passover’s equivalent in Ethiopian Jewish/Hebrew tradition is called (Fasika – ፋሲካ) from other translated sources Fasika, is the equivalent for the meaning from/into Easter; in the English. Fasika has been an upkeep from the traditions and teachings of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church, since around fourth century A.D.  Even, for what is known as a Christian church, this festival of Fasika(Easter/Passover) holds significance than what is known as Christmas. Fasika succeeds an approx., 56-day fasting period, which is has certain relevancy to the Western Christian ideas of Lent. Fasika, is known to be a a day of high celebration.

fasika-drum16

Also, in continuance of the giving of the laws, statutes and commandments, along with the judgments of YHWH; the children of Israel were also given more times of observances for the Hebrew people.  These observances have become, what is known as the Moed’im – מועדים.

http://www.yashanet.com/studies/revstudy/rev3.htm

The people of Israel, proclaimed that they would hear obey the commands of YHWH.

http://www.messianic-torah-truth-seeker.org/Torah/Pesach/Pesach.html

Now, the second of these important feasts is the Feast of Weeks/Harvest, (Shav(b)uot/KH’ag Shab(v)uotחג שבעות) commemorates the day God gave the Torah/the LAW to the entire nation of Israel which had come to be assembled at Mount Sinai.  Shavuot is linked to Passover, it also concludes the Counting of the Omer, of the seven weeks/counting of God’s festivals.

harvest-shavuot

and at the Feast of Tabernacles/Succoth. (Sukkot – סֻכּוֹת) The Feast of the Ingathering, is celebrated on the 15th day of the month of Tisrei, on the Hebrew/Jewish calendar. Moses told the children of Israel to gather for a reading of the Law during Sukkot every seventh year (Deut. 31:10-11).  Sukkot is a seven day holiday, and part of what is known in Jewish tradition as the Chol HaMoed(festival weekdays). Observance of Sukkot is detailed in the Book of this week’s Torah portion.

[Exodus 23:14]

sukkot4

In this portion of the Scriptures, important observances for the children of Israel, which have now become known as the Shalosh Regalim.

(or commonly known as the three national High Holy Days of Israel)

After this establishment Moses, was then summoned by God to ascend the mountain where he remained for forty days and forty nights.

RSS#41 (ፊንሐስ / פִּינְחָס)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Ph(F)ïncḥas פִּינְחָס, on the 23rd – כג , & the 24th – כד , of the month of Tammuz – תמוז, in the year of 5778. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2010/7510; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Feenḥas – ፊንሐስ, on the 29th – ፳፱, & on the 30th – ፴, of the month (ወርኀ) of Sänæy – ሰኔ.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Numbers 25:10 – 30:1

I Kings 18:46 – 19:21

Romans 11: 2-32

In this study, we continue in the accordance to the last portion.(Balak)  After what had become the Heresy of Baal-Peor, Phineas, the son of Eleazar, and the grandson of Aaron(Moses’ brother), lead in a moments notice, with zealot acts.

Pinchas ben-Eleazar (Phineas, the son of Eleazar; grandson of Aaron); Tribe of Lew[v]i

Pinchas ben-Eleazar (Phineas, the son of Eleazar; grandson of Aaron); Tribe of Lew[v]i _ accredited to Mr. John L. Johnson‘s work, the Black Biblical Heritage.

Phineas, in which this parsha study is named, from the Hebrew and the Ethiopic Amharic, had slain a Midianitish woman, who’s name was Cozbi, and a Simeonite prince of Israel; who’s name was Zimri.   These two, along with many others partook in the turning away from God, in the sin of Baal-Peor.  Phineas, had stood up for Israel, turning God’s wrath away from them because of his zealous act and understanding of the covenant that was to be kept, between Israel & YHWH.

"[a depiction]" Phineas, slaying the man of Israel, for his treachery, & the woman for her corruption. [Numb. 25: 7 & 8]--for full context--[read Numbers Chpt. 25, in entirety]

“[a depiction]” Phineas, slaying the man of Israel, for his treachery, & the woman for her corruption. [Numb. 25: 7 & 8]–for full context–[read Numbers Chpt. 25, in entirety]

So, in a sense, because Phineas was willing to give his all to his God & for his people; seeing as how the Moabites and Midianites had conspired against Israel to bring them out of the favor of God; Phineas even went to the extent of going to war for God and them(children of Israel).  Phineas’ actions coupled with his faith as well, opened the door in which God gave a Covenant of Peace.  He and his those of his lineage would partake in it, continuing the Priesthood, among the lineage of Aaron(Moses’ brother).

[Numb. 25: 10-18]

[Ancient] Egypt & Ethiopia; Mirrors of a Hamo-Shemitic culture: Phineas' Zealousy for God; Young & Valiant staff carrying King Tut(Tutankhamun)

[Ancient] Egypt & Ethiopia; Mirrors of a Hamo-Shemitic culture: Phineas’ Zealousy for God; Young & Valiant staff carrying King Tut(Tutankhamun)

Moses, was then instructed by God to take an account(census), for the second time, of the children of Israel, by family(or tribal lineage). [other census was taken in Numbers Chpt. 1: 1-16]

Because, of the waywardness of Israel’s faithfulness to God, their numbers dwindled and grew in spurts, while in the wilderness.  (ie. the Golden Calf, the Rebellion of Korah, and at this point; post- the Heresy of Baal-Peor…not forgetting the other instances withing Israel while in the wilderness)  So, Moses was instructed to take Eleazar, the High Priest(son of Aaron; father of Phineas), and number the children of Israel, once again, for God had said the because of the disobedience of this people, they should not enter into my rest.  But the children that would come after them would partake in the covenant, made the Abraham, Isaac & Jacob; albeit that those children of the generation of the Exodus from Egypt, would uphold the covenant and abide by the laws, commandments and statutes of God.

[Numb. 26: 1-51]

balak - parsha [land of canaan before conquest]

The children of Israel, were numbered by their tribal lineages, for the second time, by Moses and Eleazar; for God was preparing to bring the children of the Israelites, who made the Exodus from Egypt to the wilderness; into the Land that was Promised.

[Numb. 26: 52-65]

Twelve Tribes of Israel; Land of Canaan, divided inheritance for the Tribes of Israel.

Twelve Tribes of Israel; Land of Canaan, divided inheritance for the Tribes of Israel.

At this point, when the children of Israel, were receiving their plots and inheritances of the land, the Daughters of Zelophehad, came to Moses and the congregation in attempt to procure, the inheritance due to their father, who had passed & had no son pass his lineage to; for he(Zelophehad) had five daughters.  Usually, the children of Israel made it customary for the son to inherit the lot of his father’s.

- credit to africaontheblog.com

– credit to africaontheblog.com

Moses, in sincerity, took the Daughters of Zelophehad’s case to God, & God explained to Moses that though the children of Israel kept customary morals, the Daughters of Zelophehad had a very probable case.  God instructed to grant the daughters the plot that was to be allotted to their father, had he bear a son, whom would carry on his lineage among Israel.  From then on, it would not be a question whether or not a man bear a son to inherit his plot; because, the laws for possessing an inheritance from one parents among Israel, would not only come as a responsibility to the male children among Israel, but the responsibility would also come to the daughters, as well.

(Zelophehad; inheritance led to Manessah, son of Joseph)

[Numb. 27: 1-11 ]

The Daughter of Zelophehad _ painting by Iris Wexler

The Daughters of Zelophehad _ painting by Iris Wexler

God then spoke to Moses, saying, go up to Mount Abarim, and see the land which will give to the children of Israel, to dwell.  Moses, could view the land from afar, but he couldn’t enter in, because of his disobedience at the waters of Meribah, in Kadesh(when Moses struck the ROCK); so Moses would be gathered to his people, along with the generation that wandered in the wilderness.

[Numb. 27: 12-14]

Moses, spoke to God, atop Mount Abarim, requesting that he appoint the children of Israel, another who would succeed him in leading the Israel into the Promised Land.

haazinu - parsha [moses_on_mount_abarim]

There God said to Moses, that Joshua, the son of Nun, should succeed him, in leading the children of Israel into the Promised Land.  Moses was to take Joshua, in front of Eleazar, the High Priest, and before the congregation of all the Hebrews to give him the charge & honour in the place of himself. (Moses)

[Numb. 27: 15-23]

Moses Blesses Joshua in the midst of all the children of Israel _painting by James J. Tissot

Moses Blesses Joshua in the midst of all the children of Israel _painting by James J. Tissot

Sabbath [Numb. 28: 10-15]

shabbat shalom

Fourteenth/Fifteenth of the First Month(Passover) & the (feast of Unleavened Bread) [Numb. 28: 16-25]

pesach9

Passover – “Pesach” – Feast of Unleavened Bread

Day of the Firstfruits(Festival of Weeks) [Numb. 28: 26-31]

Festival of Weeks - "Shab(v)uout" - Firstfruits

Festival of Weeks – “Shab(v)uout” – Firstfruits

First Day of the Seventh Month(Rosh HaShannah) [Numb. 29: 1-6]

LeShanna Tob(v)ah - "Rosh HaShanna" - Hebraic/Jewish New Year

LeShanna Tob(v)ah T’cketeb(v) [Hebrew New Year Greeting] – “Rosh HaShanna” – Hebraic/Jewish New Year

Tenth Day of the Seventh Month(Yom Kippur/Day of Atonement) [Numb. 29: 9-11]

Yom Kippur - "Day of Atonement" - Yom HaKippurim

Yom Kippur – “Day of Atonement” – Yom HaKippurim

& the

Fifteenth Day of the Seventh Month(Feast of Tabernacles/Booths) [Numb. 29: 12-39]

Festival of Booths - "Sukkot" - Feast of Tabernacles

Festival of Booths – “Sukkot” – Feast of Tabernacles

✤ TINS(h)A’E _ ትንሣኤ _ “RESURRECTION” ✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopic Tewahido-Orthodox, celebration of Fasika.  In other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’ale Tinsa’e – በዓለ ትንሣኤ.  I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherance to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic Passover(Pesach/PesaKH’-פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread(KH’ag/Chag Ha’Motz’ot-Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread
Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

 

Ethiopian Injera - Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa'e)
Ethiopian Injera – Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa’e)

 

Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season (often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade-ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome-ዓቢይ ጾመ.

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent

[The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortification. Self denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things. It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed on the faithful the longest and most austere fasts in the world. Fasting implies abstention from food and drink. Special days are appointed for fasting. Every Wednesday and Friday are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord and on Friday they crucified him.]

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church-(Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fetha Nägäst-or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}

 

LINKS:

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika