Tag Archives: fast

☩ Fasika – ፋሲካ _ Tins(h)a’e – ትንሣኤ – “Resurrection” ☩

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

 

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Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopic Tewahido-Orthodox, celebration of Fasika.  In other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’al Tinsa’e-በዓል ትንሣኤ.  I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherances to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic, Passover(Pesach/PesaKH’-פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread (KH’ag/Chag Ha’Motz’ot-Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

 

- Ethiopian baked bread (Injera)

– Ethiopian baked bread (Injera)

 

Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

resurrection

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season(often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade-ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome-ዓቢይ ጾመ.

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent

The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortificationSelf denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things.  It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed upon the faithful, the longest and most austere fasts in the world.  Fasting implies abstention from food and drink, in one sense of understanding. Special days are appointed for fasting.

The Ethiopic Version Of The Apostolical Constitutions; Or, The Ethiopic Didascalia, Received In The Church Of Abyssinia [Ethiopia] by Thomas Pell 1796-1852 Platt (click book cover to purchase or link below to inquire about availability)

The Ethiopic Version Of The Apostolical Constitutions; Or, The Ethiopic Didascalia, Received In The Church Of Abyssinia [Ethiopia] by Thomas Pell 1796-1852 Platt (click book cover to purchase or link below to inquire about availability)

Every Wednesday and Friday, are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord (Jesus/Iyesus) and on Friday they crucified him;  according the Christian theology.

ETHIOPIC DIDASCALIA, The Apostolic Constitutions & Ethiopic Church Orders; As Translated by J.M. Harden

ETHIOPIC DIDASCALIA, The Apostolic Constitutions & Ethiopic Church Orders; As Translated by J.M. Harden (click book cover to purchase or link below to inquire on availability)

http://www.lojsociety.org/books.html

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church – (Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fät’há Nägäst – or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

During “Lent” (Hudade/Abiy Ts’om) in Ethiopia, Christians don’t eat or buy any animal products like meat, eggs, butter, milk, yogurt, cream and cheese.

painting of CHRIST riding into Jerusalem being greeted the Israelites; see Matt. 21:1-16

painting of CHRIST riding into Jerusalem being greeted the Israelites; see Matt. 21:1-16

On Palm Sunday, people wear head bands and rings made of palm leaves with crosses marked on them.

rtg.lojs palm sunday artwork

The first  Easter Day (Fasika/Tinsa’e) service actually starts at 8.00pm on Easter Saturday night and lasts until 3.00 am on “Easter” Sunday  (Resurrection Sunday) morning! Most people go to the whole service and wear their best clothes. These are often white and are called ‘YeAbesha Libs‘ in the modern time of today more originally “YeEtyopiayawiyan Libs“.  People have candles made of cotton and wax called ‘twaf‘.  At 10.00 pm drummers start playing and accompanying the Priests as they chant a prayer called the ‘Geez‘. (or the Ancient Ethiopic language)

http://www.whyeaster.com/cultures/ethiopia.shtml

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}

Fasika11

 

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

Tz’om Gedaliyah ✡ צוֹם גְּדַלְיָּה‎

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

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Ras Tafari Renaissance brings another posting for the Moed’im(holy day/holiday);

spelled various ways:

Tẓōm Gedaliah, Gadaliah, or Gadalyah

is a Hebraic fast, observed on one day(3rd day of Tisrei) from dawn until dust to lament the assassination of the righteous governor of Judah,(whom was appointed by King Nebuchadnezzar, governor of the Yehud province of the Babylonian Empire) whose murder ended Hebraic[moreso Judæn rule (ie. House of David)]  autonomy following the destruction of the First Temple of Jerusalem.

Jerusalem Temples 2 (Solomon and Herod)

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Tzom_Gedaliah/tzom_gedaliah.html

After the destruction of the First Temple (and Jerusalem) by the armies of the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BCE, the majority of the Jews who had lived in the land of Judah were exiled. However a remnant was permitted to remain. Nebuchadnezzar appointed a man named Gedaliah (Gedalyahu ben-Achikam_גֶּדַליָהוּ בֵּן [פַּשׁחוּר] אֲחִיקָם ) to be his governor over Judah.

[Jer. chpt 38]

Gedaliah bullion (Phonician-Hebraic) - photos by Gabi Laron  of the Institute of Archaeology at the Hebrew University  _ [courtesy-of-Dr. Eilat Mazar]

Gedaliah bullion (Phoenician-Hebraic language classification / “Samarian Hebrew”/Ancient Hebrew) – photos by Gabi Laron of the Institute of Archaeology at the Hebrew University _ [courtesy-of-Dr. Eilat Mazar]:

http://www.archaeology.org.il/news40.html

As one of the Hebrew minor fasts, Tẓōm Gedaliah begins at dawn (first light) and ends at nightfall (full dark).  Gedaliah’s father, Acḥïkam saved the life of the prophet Jeremiah, [Jer. 26: 24] & Gedaliah would have a similar fate but in a broader sense, as the “remnant” of Judah would become his responsibility.

Tẓōm Gedaliah occurs on Tishri 3 (according to the Babylonian Talmud, the date calculated approx., as to when Gedaliah was murdered [tractate Rosh HaShanah 18b]), the day following (the second day of) Rosh HaShana.

babylonian talmud

For those who participate during the fast, no food or water is ingested from sunrise to sunset.  Among the Orthodox Jews, Tzom Gedaliah is considered a prelude/intro., to Yom Kippur.

tzom gedaliah - fast (rosh hashanah)

Gedaliah zealously began to encourage the people to till the lands and the fields and vineyards, laying the foundation of security for a nation. Many of the Hebrews who had fled to neighboring lands during the war of destruction were attracted by the news of the revival of the community, post Babylonian captivity. They came to Gedaliah in Mizpah and were warmly welcomed by him.

hebrew-calendar-months-and-feast-cycle

Ismael ben-Nathaniel and the ten men with him, murdered Gedaliah, together with most of the Jews who had joined him and many Babylonians whom Nebuchadnezzar had left with Gedaliah.

http://www.hebcal.com/holidays/tzom-gedaliah

[Jer. 41: 1-3]

haazinu - parsha [shabbat shuba] sabbth of return

** review **

Holy Bible

-2 Kings 25:22-26

–Jeremiah chpts. 38-41 (specifically below)

-Jeremiah 39:13-14

-Jeremiah 40:1-41:18

-Zechariah 8: 19 [fast of the seventh month(Tishri)]

-Shabbat Shub(v)ah

-Neo-Babylonian Empire – Yehud/Yehud Medinata

– Temple Restoration in Early Achaemenid Judah: by Peter R. Bedford

-Persian Achaemenid Empire

– The Crisis of Israelite Religion: Transformation of Religious Tradition _ by Herbert Niehr

Israelite captives of Babylon _ Louvre Museum

Israelite captives of Babylon _ Louvre Museum