Tag Archives: Epiphany

✤ MesQel (መስቀል) The Finding of the True Cross ✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to yet another posting in one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations is here wishing you all a VERY HAPPY ETHIOPIAN EPIPHANY/MESQEL!!!

This celebration is attributed to the Ethiopian account of the “Finding of the True Cross.”  The celebration of MäsQäl is observed on the 17th day of the Ethiopian month of Meskerem.

The legend speaks of Queen Eleni finding the cross by a revelation with the use of a bonfire, in the 4th century AD, (about the time Ethiopia, officially became the first Christian nation).

[other legend has it account with Queen Helena of Constantinople]

mesqelu-3

The fire that was lit would lead to the Cross, so the Queen ordered the people of Jerusalem to bring wood for a large pile.  In Ethiopia, the custom of the bonfire, once completed the ashes from the bonfire are used for the Passion Week’s Ash Wednesday.

mesQel8

The fire, by which way it leads (N,S,E, or W) can sometimes, by tradition predict what kind of year will be to come.

[good or bad]

mesQel beAl4

During the celebration, there is singing, chanting, and many beautiful colors all around.  MesQel is always to take place after the Ethiopian New Year, a seasonal holiday after the rains, for the coming of the Sun.

MesQel9

The celebration of MesQel, is also known as the Exaltation of the True Cross.  Now, in another peculiar manner in which has become so synonymous with the operations of postings and quite clearly the overall thinking here at Ras Tafari Renaissance, along with many of our affiliates; we relay to you once again, that another Ethiopian commemoration has a correspondence with another Hebrew, or what the world knows as Jewish observance.

mesQelu

The Hebrew observance that corresponds with this celebration of Meskel, or the Finding/Exaltation of the True Cross is Yom Kíppūr – יוֹם כִּיפּוּר.  In a incidence and coincidental pattern the Ethiopian & Hebraic/Jewish New Year meet in the beginning days of the fall season. (Sept/Oct) In a repetitive fashion, MesQel; the Finding of the true Cross foreshadows Yom Kíppūr; otherwise known as the Day of Atonement.  These two memorials show again the historical references we allude to in many findings of our own.  This also leaves much more room for expansion on these specific topics, which we in turn will surely do in the coming updates. All in all,…

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations again, wishes ALL a joyful Epiphany!!!

NOTES:

Exodus 40: 30-38

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✤ MesQel (መስቀል) The Finding of the True Cross ✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to yet another posting in one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations is here wishing you all a VERY HAPPY ETHIOPIAN EPIPHANY/MESQEL!!!

This celebration is attributed to the Ethiopian account of the “Finding of the True Cross.”  The celebration of MäsQäl is observed on the 17th day of the Ethiopian month of Meskerem.

The legend speaks of Queen Eleni finding the cross by a revelation with the use of a bonfire, in the 4th century AD, (about the time Ethiopia, officially became the first Christian nation).

[other legend has it account with Queen Helena of Constantinople]

mesqelu-3

The fire that was lit would lead to the Cross, so the Queen ordered the people of Jerusalem to bring wood for a large pile.  In Ethiopia, the custom of the bonfire, once completed the ashes from the bonfire are used for the Passion Week’s Ash Wednesday.

mesQel8

The fire, by which way it leads (N,S,E, or W) can sometimes, by tradition predict what kind of year will be to come.

[good or bad]

mesQel beAl4

During the celebration, there is singing, chanting, and many beautiful colors all around.  MesQel is always to take place after the Ethiopian New Year, a seasonal holiday after the rains, for the coming of the Sun.

MesQel9

The celebration of MesQel, is also known as the Exaltation of the True Cross.  Now, in another peculiar manner in which has become so synonymous with the operations of postings and quite clearly the overall thinking here at Ras Tafari Renaissance, along with many of our affiliates; we relay to you once again, that another Ethiopian commemoration has a correspondence with another Hebrew, or what the world knows as Jewish observance.

mesQelu

The Hebrew observance that corresponds with this celebration of Meskel, or the Finding/Exaltation of the True Cross is Yom Kíppūr – יוֹם כִּיפּוּר.  In a incidence and coincidental pattern the Ethiopian & Hebraic/Jewish New Year meet in the beginning days of the fall season. (Sept/Oct) In a repetitive fashion, MesQel; the Finding of the true Cross foreshadows Yom Kíppūr; otherwise known as the Day of Atonement.  These two memorials show again the historical references we allude to in many findings of our own.  This also leaves much more room for expansion on these specific topics, which we in turn will surely do in the coming updates. All in all,…

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations again, wishes ALL a joyful Epiphany!!!

NOTES:

Exodus 40: 30-38

– Legendary difference between the account of Queen(Nigist) Eleni’s “Finding of the True Cross” & the Byzantine Queen Helena’s “Finding of the True Cross”

☩ Timk(Q)et – ጥምቀት በዓል – “Baptism” ☩

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to again to Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations, for the Ethiopic celebration of Timk(Q)et.  Timket, is the Ethiopian-Christian celebration in a symbolic manner of “Baptism” or “Epiphany.”  Today, Ethiopian/Eritrean Orthodox (Tewahedo/ Tewahido) Christians will be celebrating the feast of Timkat, deemed by some as the most important holiday for the Ethopian Orthodox faithful. TimQat usually begins on January 19th and is usually celebrated for three days.

timket qes

Celebrated on the 10th day of the (ወርኀ)month of T’ir (ጥር), it commemorates the Adoration of the Magi, who followed the Star of the East, & the Baptism of Christ.
In other references Epiphany, this specific celebration commemorated the wedding at Cana, also.

[see Mrk chpt.2;  Jhn chpt.2]

Epiphany-Timket-Festival-in-Addis-Ababa

In the Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Church, it is the most important festival in the year, seeing as how the Tabot – ታቦት, or the representation of the Ark of the Covenant is wrapped in priestly cloth and lead in procession for a reenactment of the Baptism of Christ, in the Jordan River.

timqet

Many Eastern Orthodox Christians have various celebrations, rites, an rituals for the feast day, as well. One of the most noticeable acts are sights, of priests processing through the prospective municipalities with replicas of the Ark of the Covenant.  This gesture is mores seen and been recorded in Erirtea/Ethiopia; symbolically reenacting the before Baptism of Christ at the Jordan.

 Russian icon of the Theophany (Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, 1497).

Russian icon of the Theophany (Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, 1497).

The Divine Liturgy is recited and celebrated near a stream or pool, early in the morning (approx 2 a.m., by the priesthood & some of the devout). Then the nearby body of water is blessed towards dawn, and sprinkled on the participants, some of whom enter the water and immerse themselves, as the old tradition carries; symbolically renewing their Baptismal vows.

timket4

Highlights of the festival are usually observed best at places such as:

  • the Castles of Gondar
  • the Spectacular scenery in the Simien Mountains
  • near Stelae in Axum
  • at the Rock-hewn churches of Lalibela

** FOR FURTHER STUDY** list links below:

http://ethiopianorthodox.org/amharic/seasonal/timket.html

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2014/jan/20/photography-ethiopia-timkat-festival-in-pictures

https://onbeing.org/blog/timkat-an-ethiopian-celebration-of-epiphany/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timkat

https://focusonthehorn.wordpress.com/2012/07/20/orthodox-modern-religion-politics-in-todays-ethiopia-part-1/

http://www.peace-on-earth.org/Ethiopia/1st.pdf

http://www.asmat.eu/scripts/article.php?Article=70-ethiopia-timkat-celebration-in-lalibela

http://www.selamtamagazine.com/stories/celebrating-timket

♔ Eastern Churches Celebration of Christmas ♔

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight [eyesight] if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

Note, with this specific Sabbath; this year, on the same day marks what ones now are coining as the Orthodox Christmas celebration or for short

#ThreeKingsDay. Jan 6th-7th, 2018

Calculations:

  • [2018 AD] Anno-Domini (Western/Gregorian/Greenwich)
  • [5778 HC/JC] (Hebraic/Jewish)
  • [2010/7510 EC] (Tewahedo/Judeo-Christian)
  • [2018 JLC] (Julian) 

Adoration of the Maji – #ThreKingsDay

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopian holiday of Genna or otherwise called “YeLidet Be’al.”  Because of the calculations of the Ethiopic calendar, we find that the Christmas that is known in the Western world, using the Gregorian calendar doesn’t correspond with the Orthodox Christian churches’ calculations. (though they differ from specific church to church, within the Orthodoxy)  Instead of December 25th, or the twenty-fifth day of the 12th calendar month (Gregorian), we see that the date arrives on January 7th, or the seventh day of the 1st calendar month.

(Orthodox Christian teachings give this as a testimony for the celebration of the birth of Christ)

Christ presented in the Temple to Simeon (Luke 2: 25-26) painted by James J. Tissot

Christ presented in the Temple to Simeon (Luke 2: 25-26) artwork by James J. Tissot

During the first three centuries [A.D. – Anno Domini/commonly known as; After the Death of Christ], in the churches of Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria and Cyprus, the Nativity of Christ was combined together with the Feast of His Baptism on January 6, and called “Theophany” (“Manifestation of God”).

Byzantium (Constantinople) flourished and churches began to develop differently. East and West Europe split over religious differences between the Pope and Patriarch (Head of the EOCC) East-Eastern Orthodox Christian Church. West- Roman Catholic Church.

“Within many of the Eastern Churches, the celebrations of the events of the life of Jesus Christ as they are celebrated today were not instituted at the very beginning of the Christian era; they were held by the believers of the early Church as vivid commemorations without a connection with certain days and hymns, but as a real event of the Lord who was present in the Church.”

quoted from the Greek Orthodox Diocese of America Organization

https://www.goarch.org/-/the-feast-of-epiphany-the-feast-of-lights

 James Tissot's painting – The Magi Journeying (Les rois mages en voyage) – Brooklyn Museum

James Tissot’s painting – The Magi Journeying (Les rois mages en voyage) – Brooklyn Museum

This was because of a belief that Christ was baptized on the anniversary of His birth, which may be inferred from St. John Chrysostom’s sermon on the Nativity of Christ: “it is not the day on which Christ was born which is called Theophany, but rather that day on which He was baptized.”

[according to documentation from Orthodox Church of America]

http://oca.org/saints/lives/2014/12/25/103638-the-nativity-of-our-lord-god-and-savior-jesus-christ

star from the east - wise kings from the east (Star of Bethlehem)

By Ethiopic calculations, the birth of Christ, occurs on the Julian calendar‘s framework; predating the Gregorian.  In Eastern Christian (or Orthodox Christian sects) some, Orthodox Christians observe the “Nativity and Adoration of the Shepherds” on January 6th, & the following day may observe, the “Adoration of the Magi” (or otherwise known as the three kings/wise men) on January 7.  Other Orthodox Christians may attend church liturgies on the 6th, or both.

yelidet Qen (gena)

RSS #13 (ስሞች/ שְׁמוֹת) & ♔ Ethiopian Celebration of Christmas _ Genna/YeLidet Be’Al (ገና – የልደት በዓል) ♔

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Shemot – שְׁמוֹת, on the 18th – יח, & on the 19th – יט, of the month of Teb(v)et – טֵבֵת, in the year of 5778. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2010/7510;  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 27th – ፳፯, & the 28th – ፳፰ of the month of Tah’sas – ታኅሣሥ.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as S’moch – ስሞች.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 1:1- 6:1

Isaiah 27:6 – 28:13

Isaiah 29: 22-23

Acts 7: 17-35

I Corinthians 14: 18-25

As we move out of the first book of the Torah/Orit, we go into the second book, which is Exodus.

Now, that the children of Israel had come into Egypt under Joseph, & buried Jacob(Israel) in the land of Canaan, at Machpelah.  Wherefore, the children of Israel grew exceedingly by numbers in Egypt.  But, as time past there came a Pharaoh, who did not know Joseph, nor regarded the Hebraic peoples as allies within the realm, sought to dealt wisely with them.   In this time there was worry of the great numbers the children of Israel grew to among many Egyptians.  But, taking matters further, the Pharaoh that did not know Joseph, found it beneficial to serve the Hebrews with work of rigor.

[Exo. 1: 1-11]

Exo. 1: 11 [...Pithom & Raamses...]

Even, taking matters to another step, there was a decree made by the, then Pharaoh, to have any male child of the children of Israel slain.  This charge was given to two Hebrew midwivesShiphrah & Puah.  An order which was taken into great consideration, contemplating what would become of such a nation to cut off fertility.

[Exo. 1: 12-22]

sistershealingthumbnail_partII

Needless to say, these two Hebrew women, did not follow the orders the Pharaoh, for they feared the judgement of God, more than he (Pharaoh).  So, Israel continued to grow in number, unbeknownst to many of the Egyptians.  Pharaoh determined, charged his people to take matters more seriously.  In the midst of this, out of the house of Levi (or tribe of Levi), was born a male-child, at three months was sent up a river, in attempt to save his life, from the decree of Pharaoh, by his mother.

shemot - parsha [basket Moses was saved by] chabad.org

This child was found at the hand of the daughter of the Pharaoh, whom knew of the decree for the Hebrew male children, & noticed the this child was one of the them, wrapped the clothing of their arrangements, and a small ark of bulrushes.  The daughter of the Pharaoh, took him and had him nursed by the ironically by the same Hebrew woman, who sent him up the river.

[Exo. 2: 1-10]

moshe(muse)_draw from the river

The child grew in favor of the Egyptians, but things began to change in his life, as he learned more about himself.  The child had been named Moses by the daughter of the Pharaoh, for she drew him from the waters.  He went out one day, among the Hebrews & saw an Egyptian smiting a Hebrew, enraged by the burdens which the children of Israel had to endure, he in sudden moment slew the Egyptian & hid him in the sand.  Days past, & then Moses saw two Hebrews at each others throats, in an argument.  Moses sought to intervene, & tried to find common ground between the two.

shemot - parsha [maps-bible-archeology-exodus-arabia-midianites-ishmaelites]

But, one who clearly had been found at fault in the argument, confronted Moses, and rejected him for he knew of Moses’ interaction between the Hebrew & the Egyptian he had slain, in secret.  Moses, for fear, fled to Midian, where he would later meet Reu’el (Jethro); a man who had raised seven daughters.  These seven daughters, were of whom Moses would meet first, for they came to a well to draw water for the flocks they attended to, for their father.  The seven daughters of Reu’el(Jethro), were being harassed by some other shepherds & Moses again, intervened driving them away, along with helping them water their flocks.

[Exo. 2: 11-17]

= Ts’ipporah-ሲፓራ/צִּפּוֹרָה

Ts’ipporah – ሲፓራ / צִּפּוֹרָה

The daughters came to tell their father to tell him what happened to the at the well, & they described Moses as an Egyptian.   Moses still carried a few things which he left with from Egypt, but Reu’el, knew that of the times, it would be odd for an Egyptian to help a Midianite.  Reu’el(Jethro), invited Moses to stay a while in Midian.  Before long, Moses felt love for one of Reu’el’s daughters.  Her name was Ts’ipporah (Seporah) – ሲፓራ / צִּפּוֹרָה.

moses-burning-bush

They were married and had a son, whom they named Gershom – ጌርሳም / גֵּרְשׁוֹם.

[Exo. 2: 18-22]

shemot-ahayah-asher-ahayah-iam-that-iam

The cry of the children of Israel became great, so great they even sought a deliverer, from prophecies.  Moses, now attended the flocks of Reu’el(Jethro), but the voice of God was about to call upon him.

[Exo. 2: 23- 3:19]

Moses, then took his family into Egypt, & reunited with his original family, in which his brother Aaron, became his priest.

yhwh

Moses, then is confronted with the disbelief of the children of Israel. & thus began the exchange, between Moses & Pharaoh; exchanges which would be for the release of the Hebrew people from Egypt.

[Exo. 3:20- 6:1]

 

** FURTHER NOTES: **

Ethiopian Celebration of Christmas _ Genna/YeLidet Be’Al (ገና – የልደት በዓል) ♔

Also, to note with this specific Sabbath; this year, on the same day marks what ones now are coining as the Orthodox Christmas celebration or for short #ThreeKingsDay.

Adoration of the Maji – #ThreKingsDay

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopian holiday of Genna or otherwise called “YeLidet Be’al.”  Because of the calculations of the Ethiopic calendar, we find that the Christmas that is known in the Western world, using the Gregorian calendar doesn’t correspond with the Orthodox Christian churches’ calculations. (though they differ from specific church to church, within the Orthodoxy)  Instead of December 25th, or the twenty-fifth day of the 12th calendar month (Gregorian), we see that the date arrives on January 7th, or the seventh day of the 1st calendar month.

(Orthodox Christian teachings give this as a testimony for the celebration of the birth of Christ)

Christ presented in the Temple to Simeon (Luke 2: 25-26) painted by James J. Tissot

Christ presented in the Temple to Simeon (Luke 2: 25-26) artwork by James J. Tissot

During the first three centuries [A.D. – Anno Domini/After the Death of Christ], in the Churches of Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria and Cyprus, the Nativity of Christ was combined together with the Feast of His Baptism on January 6, and called “Theophany” (“Manifestation of God”).

 James Tissot's painting – The Magi Journeying (Les rois mages en voyage) – Brooklyn Museum

James Tissot’s painting – The Magi Journeying (Les rois mages en voyage) – Brooklyn Museum

This was because of a belief that Christ was baptized on the anniversary of His birth, which may be inferred from St. John Chrysostom’s sermon on the Nativity of Christ: “it is not the day on which Christ was born which is called Theophany, but rather that day on which He was baptized.”

[according to documentation from Orthodox Church of America]

http://oca.org/saints/lives/2014/12/25/103638-the-nativity-of-our-lord-god-and-savior-jesus-christ

star from the east - wise kings from the east (Star of Bethlehem)

By Ethiopic calculations, the birth of Christ, occurs on the Julian calendar‘s framework; predating the Gregorian.  In Eastern Christian (or Orthodox Christian sects) some, Orthodox Christians observe the “Nativity and Adoration of the Shepherds” on January 6th, & the following day may observe, the “Adoration of the Magi” (or otherwise known as the three kings/wise men) on January 7.  Other Orthodox Christians may attend church liturgies on the 6th, or both.

yelidet Qen (gena)

☩ Timk(Q)et – ጥምቀት በዓል – “Baptism” ☩

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

I welcome you all to again to Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations, for the Ethiopic celebration of Timk(Q)et.  Timket, is the Ethiopian-Christian celebration in a symbolic manner of “Baptism” or “Epiphany.”  Today, Ethiopian Orthodox (Tewahedo/ Tewahido) Christians will be celebrating the feast of Timkat, the most important holiday for the Ethopian Orthodox faithful. TimQat begins on January 19th and is usually celebrated for three days.

timket qes

Celebrated on the 10th day of the (ወኀ)month of T’ir (ጥር), it commemorates the Adoration of the Magi, who followed the Star of the East, & the Baptism of Christ.
In other references Epiphany, could also be commemorated for the wedding at Cana, also.

[see Mrk chpt.2;  Jhn chpt.2]

Epiphany-Timket-Festival-in-Addis-Ababa

In the Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Church, it is the most important festival in the year, seeing as how the Tabot – ታቦት, or the representation of the Ark of the Covenant is wrapped in priestly cloth and lead in procession for a reenactment of the Baptism of Christ, in the Jordan River.

timqet

Many Eastern Orthodox Christians have various celebrations, rites, an rituals for the feast day, as well.

 Russian icon of the Theophany (Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, 1497).

Russian icon of the Theophany (Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, 1497).

timket4

** FOR FURTHER STUDY** list links below:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timkat

https://focusonthehorn.wordpress.com/2012/07/20/orthodox-modern-religion-politics-in-todays-ethiopia-part-1/

http://www.peace-on-earth.org/Ethiopia/1st.pdf

http://www.asmat.eu/scripts/article.php?Article=70-ethiopia-timkat-celebration-in-lalibela

http://www.selamtamagazine.com/stories/celebrating-timket

☩ MesQel_(መስቀል)_The finding of the True Cross ☩

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (or Yefdeyah).

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations is here wishing you all a VERY HAPPY ETHIOPIAN EPIPHANY/MESQEL!!!

This celebration is attributed to the Ethiopian account of the “Finding of the True Cross.”  The celebration of MäsQäl is observed on the 17th day of the Ethiopian month of Meskerem.

mesQel - finding of the true cross

The legend speaks of Queen Eleni finding the cross by a revelation with the use of a bonfire, in the 4th century AD, (about the time Ethiopia, officially became the first Christian nation).

[other legend has it account with Queen Helena of Constantinople]

mesqelu-3

The fire that was lit would lead to the Cross, so the Queen ordered the people of Jerusalem to bring wood for a large pile.  In Ethiopia, the custom of the bonfire, once completed the ashes from the bonfire are used for the Passion Week’s Ash Wednesday.

mesQel8

The fire, by which way it leads (N,S,E, or W) can sometimes, by tradition predict what kind of year will be to come. [good or bad]

mesQel beAl4

During the celebration, there is singing, chanting, and many beautiful colors all around.  MesQel is always to take place after the Ethiopian New Year, a seasonal holiday after the rains, for the coming of the Sun.

MesQel9

The celebration of MesQel, is also known as the Exaltation of the True Cross.

mesQelu

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations again, wishes ALL a joyful Epiphany!!!

NOTES:

Exodus 40: 30-38

– Legendary difference between the account of Queen(Nigist) Eleni’s “Finding of the True Cross” & the Byzantine Queen Helena’s “Finding of the True Cross”