Tag Archives: colonialism

Battle of Adwa (አድዋ) – 1st of March 1896

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopian commemoration of the Battle of Adwa.  A history changing event that shocked the world to its core.  At the time of the Battle of Adwa, the African continent was nearly colonized at every angle. due to to the “Scramble for Africa“.  The only two countries that hadn’t been colonized by European countries were Ethiopia & Liberia.  But even with all of this in the forefront, Ethiopia had defended itself well against Italian forces; saving the whole of Africa from total colonization.

battle-of-adwa-1896

The valiance of the Ethiopian people, in defense of their country, became a phenomenal example of unity, belief, heritage, & pride.  The Ethiopian people; men, women, & children, in some cases, banded together the banner of the Ethiopian flag: red, gold, & green to put aside their differences in ethnic origin, tribe, religion etc., to secure a future that would include all of them, on their own land.

contemporary artwork displaying the courageous acts of Empress Taitu Betul; wife of Emperor Menelik II & Ethiopian Empress.

contemporary artwork displaying the courageous acts of Empress Taitu Betul; wife of Emperor Menelik II & Ethiopian Empress.

The Treaty of Addis Ababa, formally brought an end to the First Italo-Ethiopian War, (in which the Battle of Adwa, was the pinnacle) whereas Italy officially recognized Ethiopia as a independant and sovereign state.  This treaty has been said to be a secret agreement, for more than scholars’ obvious reasons as Italy would eventually attempt to colonize Ethiopia again, in the coming Second Italo-Ethiopian War.

[Treaty of Addis; Oct. 23. 1896]

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II: Negus Nagast ze Ethiopia

For this celebration of the victory at the Battle of Adwa, I would also like to direct all of you to check out this video log from the Ghion Journal on this particular topic. Please, again support & contribute to spreading the news and views of our affiliates?!

http://ghionjournal.com/lessons-adwa-unity-defeated-tyranny/

other links:

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May Day – Independence Day – 05.05.1941 (Imperial Ethiopia)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

 

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the on the Imperial Ethiopian Independence day commemoration.  Imperial Ethiopia, should be the parallel path that any Ras Tafarian should look to walk(trod).  His Imperial Majesty Haile Sellassie I and Her Imperial Majesty Menen Asfaw, showed the poise of ice cubes, while their country was yet, cleverly planned on being relieved of his(Haile Sellassie I’s) guidance, by unnatural powers.  But, by the impeccable strategy, honesty, courage, & just cause-and-effect action….Ethiopia, has remained an Unconquerable Land to the colonist regime, to this date.  So, here on 5th of May, Imperial Ethiopian celebrates its Independence as a memorial, and triumph over the Fascist, & colonial ex-ruling powers.

Haile Sellassie I, raising the bandera(flag of Ethiopia, commemorating Ethiopia's celebrations of continuing their millennial length Independance.

Haile Sellassie I, raising the bandera(flag of Ethiopia, commemorating Ethiopia’s celebrations of continuing their millennial length Independance.

On 5 May 1941, exactly five years after Addis Ababa fell to Mussolini‘s troops, Emperor Haile Selassie was re-installed on the Ethiopian throne. He reentered the city through streets lined with black and white soldiers, having fought his way back against a determined Italian army with Major Orde Wingate’s Gideon Force and his own Ethiopian ‘Patriots”.

http://africanhistory.about.com/b/2013/05/05/ethiopia-regains-its-independence-5-may-1941.htm

selassie-league-of-nations

Haile Sellassie I, had made an impassioned appeal to the League of Nations on 30 June 1936, which gained great support with the United States and Russia. However, many other League of Nations members, especially Britain and France, continued to recognize the Italian occupation/possession of Ethiopia.

Ethiopian Patriots

– photo provided and edited by Adam Simeon.

In 1935 Italian soldiers commanded by Marshal Emilio De Bono invaded Ethiopia in what is known as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. The war lasted seven months before an Italian victory was declared. The invasion was condemned by the League of Nations, though not much was done to end the hostility.

ethiopian patriots during italian invasion

During the conflict, Italy used mustard gas, ignoring the Geneva Protocol that it had signed seven years earlier. The Italian military dropped mustard gas in bombs, sprayed it from airplanes, and spread it in powdered form on the ground. 150,000 chemical casualties were reported, mostly from mustard gas. In the aftermath of the war Italy annexed Ethiopia, uniting it with Italy’s other colonies in eastern Africa to form the new colony of Italian East Africa, and Vittorio Emmanuel III adopted the title “Emperor of Abyssinia.”

ethiopian warriors3

On 10 June 1940, Italy declared war on the United Kingdom and France, as France was in the process of being conquered by Germany at the time and Benito Mussolini wished to expand Italy’s colonial holdings. An Italian invasion of British Somaliland, in August 1940 was successful, but the war turned against Italy afterward. Haile Sellassie I returned to Ethiopia from England to help rally the resistance. The British began their own invasion in January 1941, and the last organized Italian resistance in Italian East Africa surrendered in November 1941. The British restored Ethiopia’s independence.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Empire

087

Haile Selassie Enters Addis Ababa (1941)

Battle of Adwa (አድዋ) – 1st of March 1896

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopian commemoration of the Battle of Adwa.  A history changing event that shocked the world to its core.  At the time of the Battle of Adwa, the African continent was nearly colonized at every angle. due to to the “Scramble for Africa“.  The only two countries that hadn’t been colonized by European countries were Ethiopia & Liberia.  But even with all of this in the forefront, Ethiopia had defended itself well against Italian forces; saving the whole of Africa from total colonization.

battle-of-adwa-1896

The valiance of the Ethiopian people, in defense of their country, became a phenomenal example of unity, belief, heritage, & pride.  The Ethiopian people; men, women, & children, in some cases, banded together the banner of the Ethiopian flag: red, gold, & green to put aside their differences in ethnic origin, tribe, religion etc., to secure a future that would include all of them, on their own land.

contemporary artwork displaying the courageous acts of Empress Taitu Betul; wife of Emperor Menelik II & Ethiopian Empress.

contemporary artwork displaying the courageous acts of Empress Taitu Betul; wife of Emperor Menelik II & Ethiopian Empress.

The Treaty of Addis Ababa, formally brought an end to the First Italo-Ethiopian War, (in which the Battle of Adwa, was the pinnacle) whereas Italy officially recognized Ethiopia as a independant and sovereign state.  This treaty has been said to be a secret agreement, for more than scholars’ obvious reasons as Italy would eventually attempt to colonize Ethiopia again, in the coming Second Italo-Ethiopian War.

[Treaty of Addis; Oct. 23. 1896]

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II: Negus Nagast ze Ethiopia

For this celebration of the victory at the Battle of Adwa, I would also like to direct all of you to check out this video log from the Ghion Journal on this particular topic. Please, again support & contribute to spreading the news and views of our affiliates?!

http://ghionjournal.com/lessons-adwa-unity-defeated-tyranny/

other links:

The Battle of Adwa – (March 1, 1896) – አድዋ

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopian commemoration of the Battle of Adwa.  A history changing event that shocked the world to its core.  At the time of the Battle of Adwa, the African continent was nearly colonized at every angle. due to to the “Scramble for Africa“.  The only two countries that hadn’t been colonized by European countries were Ethiopia & Liberia.  But even with all of this in the forefront, Ethiopia had defended itself well against Italian forces; saving the whole of Africa from total colonization.

battle-of-adwa-1896

The valiance of the Ethiopian people, in defense of their country, became a phenomenal example of unity, belief, heritage, & pride.  The Ethiopian people; men, women, & children, in some cases, banded together the banner of the Ethiopian flag: red, gold, & green to put aside their differences in ethnic origin, tribe, religion etc., to secure a future that would include all of them, on their own land.

contemporary artwork displaying the courageous acts of Empress Taitu Betul; wife of Emperor Menelik II & Ethiopian Empress.

contemporary artwork displaying the courageous acts of Empress Taitu Betul; wife of Emperor Menelik II & Ethiopian Empress.

The Treaty of Addis Ababa, formally brought an end to the First Italo-Ethiopian War, (in which the Battle of Adwa, was the pinnacle) whereas Italy officially recognized Ethiopia as a independant and sovereign state.  This treaty has been said to be a secret agreement, for more than scholars’ obvious reasons as Italy would eventually attempt to colonize Ethiopia again, in the coming Second Italo-Ethiopian War. [Treaty of Addis; Oct. 23. 1896]

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II: Negus Nagast ze Ethiopia

May Day – Independence Day – 05/05/1941′ (Imperial Ethiopia)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

 

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the on the Imperial Ethiopian Independence day commemoration.  Imperial Ethiopia, should be the parallel path that any Ras Tafarian should look to walk(trod).  His Imperial Majesty Haile Sellassie I and Her Imperial Majesty Menen Asfaw, showed the poise of ice cubes, while their country was yet, cleverly planned on being relieved of his(Haile Sellassie I’s) guidance, by unnatural powers.  But, by the impeccable strategy, honesty, courage, & just cause-and-effect action….Ethiopia, has remained an Unconquerable Land to the colonist regime, to this date.  So, here on 5th of May, Imperial Ethiopian celebrates its Independence as a memorial, and triumph over the Fascist, & colonial ex-ruling powers.

Haile Sellassie I, raising the bandera(flag of Ethiopia, commemorating Ethiopia's celebrations of continuing their millennial length Independance.

Haile Sellassie I, raising the bandera(flag of Ethiopia, commemorating Ethiopia’s celebrations of continuing their millennial length Independance.

On 5 May 1941, exactly five years after Addis Ababa fell to Mussolini‘s troops, Emperor Haile Selassie was re-installed on the Ethiopian throne. He reentered the city through streets lined with black and white soldiers, having fought his way back against a determined Italian army with Major Orde Wingate’s Gideon Force and his own Ethiopian ‘Patriots”.

http://africanhistory.about.com/b/2013/05/05/ethiopia-regains-its-independence-5-may-1941.htm

selassie-league-of-nations

Haile Sellassie I, had made an impassioned appeal to the League of Nations on 30 June 1936, which gained great support with the United States and Russia. However, many other League of Nations members, especially Britain and France, continued to recognize the Italian possession of Ethiopia.

Ethiopian Patriots

– photo provided and edited by Adam Simeon.

In 1935 Italian soldiers commanded by Marshal Emilio De Bono invaded Ethiopia in what is known as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. The war lasted seven months before an Italian victory was declared. The invasion was condemned by theLeague of Nations, though not much was done to end the hostility.

ethiopian patriots during italian invasion

During the conflict, Italy used mustard gas, ignoring the Geneva Protocol that it had signed seven years earlier. The Italian military dropped mustard gas in bombs, sprayed it from airplanes, and spread it in powdered form on the ground. 150,000 chemical casualties were reported, mostly from mustard gas. In the aftermath of the war Italy annexed Ethiopia, uniting it with Italy’s other colonies in eastern Africa to form the new colony of Italian East Africa, and Vittorio Emmanuel III adopted the title “Emperor of Abyssinia.”

ethiopian warriors3

On 10 June 1940, Italy declared war on the United Kingdom and France, as France was in the process of being conquered by Germany at the time and Benito Mussolini wished to expand Italy’s colonial holdings. An Italian invasion of British Somaliland, in August 1940 was successful, but the war turned against Italy afterward. Haile Sellassie I returned to Ethiopia from England to help rally the resistance. The British began their own invasion in January 1941, and the last organized Italian resistance in Italian East Africa surrendered in November 1941. The British restored Ethiopia’s independence.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Empire

087

Haile Selassie Enters Addis Ababa (1941)