Tag Archives: children of Israel

✤ TINS(h)A’E – ትንሣኤ – “RESURRECTION” ✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

IMG_0998

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopic Tewahido-Orthodox, celebration of Fasika.  In other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’ale Tinsa’e – በዓለ ትንሣኤ.

I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherance to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic Passover(Pesach/ PesaKH’-פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread(KH’ag/ Chag Ha’Motz’ot-Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread
Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread
Ethiopian Injera - Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa'e)
Ethiopian Injera – Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa’e)

Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season (often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade-ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome-ዓቢይ ጾመ.

[The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortification. Self denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things. It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed on the faithful the longest and most austere fasts in the world. Fasting implies abstention from food and drink. Special days are appointed for fasting. Every Wednesday and Friday are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord and on Friday they crucified him.]

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church-(Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fetha Nägäst-or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}

 

LINKS:

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

RSS# 31 (ብለህ ንገራቸው / אֱמֹר)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

IMG_0998

 

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Æmor – אֱמֹר, for this week, in this mode of study, for those out in the diaspora or outside Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the year 5781 this Sabbath day would probably fall on the, 18th – יח, & on the 19thיט, of the month of Iyar- אִייָר‎ . (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) but, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, in the 2013/7513 E.C. year, these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as B’læh N’gäráchäw – ብለህ ንገራቸው, on the 22nd – ፳፪, & on the 23rd – ፳፫, day of the ወርኀ(month), of Mīyazya – ሚያዝያ. The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Leviticus 21:1 – 24:23

Ezekiel 44: 15 – 31

I Peter 2: 4 – 10

lag b'omer - counting of the omer (shabuot)2

  The parsha/kifil for this week, is Æmor-B’leh N’gerachew.  But, aside from some of the more obvious inclinations made by socially, historically and politically aware brethren & sistren who probably recognize the blatancy of the symbology passing through the consciousness of the of study portion of the Scriptures, for this week; we will do our best to relay the best possible analysis.

Before going into the study portion in-depth, we will focus on the certain aspects that may or may not interest others in their examinations of not only our claims to the foundation of these studies but, others as well.  For instance, the Hebrew word Æmor – אֱמֹר, which comes to an English meaning of “say,” “utterance,” “word,”(or moreso dealing with speaking).  & the Ethiopian-Amharic equivalent which is, B’leh N’gerachew – ብለህ ንገራቸው, is in harmony to the manner of “speaking words,” more to the implications of intelligently speaking, but spoken words nonetheless being the focal point.

* SIDENOTE: for consideration *

Now, in noticing the ancient names for this week’s portion of the study of the Scriptures, there’s noticeable keys of understanding that one may pick up on, if attention is brought to it.  The point to be made is this,…: Æmor, has a resonant sound phonetically with the Law term known as “Moor.”  When this word/term is scrutinized carefully the term for this parsha, from the Hebraic form can collectively include the disobedience/fall of a great people of a dark hue(color), who were recognized legally during a certain period of time in the southern European region; comprising a number of countries.

moor-definition

From the Ethiopic perspective, the name of the kifil-portion, is B’leh N’gerachew – ብለህ ንገራቸው, and phonetically, especially for anyone who was born or grew up in the Western Hemisphere of the world, could notice the irony of the name of the study, along with the cognitive inferences to the modern time.  B’leh – ብለህ, which more than likely could mean “wise” or “intelligent,” & N’gerachew – ንገራቸው, giving meaning to “words,” or “manners of speaking.

A page from the Dictionary of the English language Yiddish-Hebrew-Latin by Ella Levita

Now, with the term Hebraic Æmor, and of course, the phonetical sounds in the Ethiopic word N’gerachew, the surety of understanding who, and what people who are considered to be, of the ethnicity/classification structure, known as, black are in general should be a point of interest.  Mainly, because this parsha/kifil deals with the blaspheming of an individual in the Hebraic community that was in the wilderness.

 

THIS WEEK’s STUDY,

is Æmor, which also tells of the rules and regulations given to the children of Israel, for the purification of the priests.  This study takes account of the HOLY days, which were to be observed by Israel, throughout their generations.  This study also shows the instruction by God, to Moses for Israel to perform service in the Tabernacle.  For example, the lights and bread in the Sanctuary were assembled and prepared in specific manner for worship in the Hebrew faith.  The blasphemer and his punishment are also a matter of focus in this study of the Scriptures.

priestly blessing hebrew

The laws for the priesthood were laid out to Moses, for the Kohaniim – כֹּהֲנִים(Priests) of the children of Israel.

[Lev. 21: 1-9]

Correspondingly, laws and commandments were laid out for the women of the children of Israel, with no partiality.  This would show that the children of Israel regardless of gender(sex), were to take responsibility for ones’ self.

[Lev. 21: 9-15]

Commandments of reaping the harvest, in the counting of the Omer, were obligations of the children of Israel, and gleaners were to leave a portion for the poor.

[Lev. 21: 15-24]

kedoshim - parsha [The Gleaners (engraving by Gustave Doré from the 1865 La Sainte Bible)]

The institution for the observance of the HIGH HOLY days were given to Moses for the Hebrew people, as well, in this study.  The feasts were the appointed times the children of Israel, were to reap the their harvests.  Known is modern Judaism, as the Moedim-מועדים: or the Yamim Nora’imימים נוראים.

[Lev. 23: 10-15]

The Sabbath(Shabbot/Senbet), Pesach, Sha(v)bu’ot, Rosh HaShanna, & Yom Kippur, were of the Meodim, that were spoken of in the Scripture study.

[Lev. 23: 1-44]

Shalosh Regalim

"The Blasphemer Stoned" _(illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible)

The_Blasphemer_Stoned(illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible)

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$19.99

RSS #26 (በስምንተኛውም ቀን / שְּׁמִינִי)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Shemini – שְּׁמִינִי, on the 27th – כז, & on the 28thכח, of the month of Abïb – אָבִיב, (sometimes known as Nisan – נִיסָן), in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 1st – , & on the 2nd – , of the month of Mïyâzya – ሚያዝያ.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as  BeS’minteñawim Q’en – በስምንተኛውም ቀን.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings: 

Leviticus 9:1 – 11:47

II Samuel 6:1 – 7:17

Hebrews 8: 1-6

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, eight days after the ordination or anointing of the Kohani’imכהנים (Priesthood), Moses now instructs Aaron to prepare a sin offering of a young bullock , as well as, a burnt offering of a ram and the children of Israel, were instructed to bring a sin offering of one kid from the goats, and a their burnt offering was to be one calf and one lamb, both of the first year, without blemishes.  Another bullock and ram were brought for a peace offering, along with a meat offering mingled with oil before God.

[Lev. 9:1-20]

Medieval Orthodox-Christian paintings of Moses (L) & Aaron. (R)

A wave offering was also presented before God, & the people were blessed out of the fire, because of the following of the laws and statutes while serving God in the wilderness.

[Lev. 9:21-24]

Nadab & Abihu

Nadab & Abihu

Aaron’s sons, Nadab & Abihu, were serving and performing the duties of the Priesthood, but offered a “strange fire” before God, which he had commanded them not to do. This action resulted in their judgment, which came by their deaths by being consumed by fire. Aaron, saw the consequences of the negative choices his own sons made by not staying in line with the Sinaitic Covenant & in line with the Order of the Levites; the statutes established between Israel & God upon Mount Sinai.

[Lev. 10:1-3]

wayikra - parsha (High_Priest_Offering_Incense_on_the_Altar)

But, Aaron other sons: Eleazar & Ithamar were grafted into the posts of the Priesthood and taught to conduct themselves in the manners of the ways of God’s covenant.

[Lev. 10:6-15]

shemini - parsha (sacrifices-offerings)

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, God also constitutes the laws regarding what has become known as “Kosher” (Kosher accounts to Kashrut – כַּשְׁרוּת )pertaining to what can be consumed as food or dietary for the children of Israel.

[Lev. 11]

FotoFlexer_PhotoAaron’s sons, Nadab & Abihu, were serving and performing the duties of the Priesthood, but offered a “strange fire” before God, which he had commanded them not to do. This action resulted in their judgment, which came by their deaths by being consumed by fire. Aaron, saw the consequences of the negative choices his own sons made by not staying in line with the Sinaitic Covenant & in line with the Order of the Levites; the statutes established between Israel & God upon Mount Sinai.

[Lev. 10:1-3]

fire_brimstone

But, Aaron’s other sons: Eleazar & Ithamar were grafted into the posts of the Priesthood and taught to conduct themselves in the manners of the ways of God’s covenant.

[Lev. 10:6-15]

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, God also constitutes the laws regarding what has become known as “Kosher” (Kosher accounts to Kashrut – כַּשְׁרוּת) pertaining to what can be consumed as food or dietary (from a Ras Tafarian’s ideology dietary=”Livity”) for the children of Israel.

[Lev. 11]

nadab-and-abihu

[SIDENOTES] – great facts for further research

This week’s Torah portion(study) is called Sheminiשְּׁמִינִי

H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I, made a way for REPATRIATION for those forcibly removed from their origins, and the land was named Shashamane – ሻሸመኔ

SHASHAMANE IS TO RASTAFARIANS _AS_ MECCA IS TO MUSLIMS (MOSLEMS)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shashamane

Ras Tafarian restaurant in Shashamane, with elaborate painting of the Seal of Imperial Ethiopia. {Imperial Ethiopian Coat of Arms / Crest}

Ras Tafarian restaurant in Shashamane, with elaborate painting of the Seal of Imperial Ethiopia. {Imperial Ethiopian Coat of Arms / Crest}…Ras Tafarian cuisine is majority vegan/vegetarian, raw food, and organic based.

[MORE NOTES: for study]

ETHIOPIAN-HEBREWS vid SHASHAMANE IS STILL THE ISSUE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aQmHgffLodE

NEGUSNEGESTITYOPIYAH vid _SLAVERY TO FREEDOM in SHASHAMANE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=spCSwk2RwAc

CNN REPORT: ETHIOPIAN WORLD FEDERATION HISTORIC 1948 LAND GRANT

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PZ1tDfiu4ks

Bob Marley(Birhane Selassie) SPEAKS ON THE LAND GRANT OF SHASHAMANE , HON. MINISTER LOUIS FARRAKHAN SPEAKS RAS TAFARI and ETHIOPIA; RAS IADINOS TÄFÄRÏ (of the L.O.J. SOCIETY CONCLUDES_

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&v=y7d–lBqCjw&NR=1

✡ ፋሲካ _ Passover _ פֶּסַח ✡

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover. In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח. (In the Ethiopic sense this is known as Fasïka – ፋሲካ; which phonetically/linguistically similar.) Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery but, moreso the bondage spiritually, financialy, and socially in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs.  Their freedom as a nation under the leadership of Moses began a traverse through the wilderness and desert lands of the Sinai Peninsula, and the Levant.  But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political, and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt(Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt(Upper Egypt).

Passover is considered apart of the Shalosh Regalim – שלוש רגלים, or the main festivals of Israel’s commemoration to God. The day commences on the afternoon of the Hebraic, 14th of the month of Abïb/Nisan.

 

I welcome you all to another celebratory posting as we move closer to monumental commemoration of the Hebraic Passover.  This time is set for recollection and reexamination of one’s self.  Fasting & prayer is key leading up to the Passover.

In continuation already set by the first day of the Samínt/Shabūa (loosely translated; the week); we move into the culminating level of the count in Abïy T’zōm – አብይ ፆም/ዓቢይ ጾም.

([YeAbiy Ts’om Minbabat : Zeymawoch’na Sibketoch]) = The Readings for the “Great Fast” : Times of the Teachings/Preachings/Sermons.

http://ethiopianorthodox.org/amharic/seasonal/lentprogram.html

lent-hudade

Abiy Tsom/ Hudade = the Great Lenten Fast

RasTafari Renaissance continues to celebrate in the Tewahedo faith the “Great Fast,” or Abïy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓቢይ ጾም.  This period in the Ethiopian & Eritrean Churches, which are also known as the “Tewahido/Tewahedo” churches clustered with the other Orthodox sister churches (ie. Greek Orthodox, Syrian Orthodox, Russian Orthodox etc.) have similar practices which have orderly examples in which they observe this time leading up to Passover; known to the greater world as “Easter.”  You may know of this time especially in the West, that leads to Easter.

[the Three Pilgrimage feast/festivals – Shalosh Regalim]

The narrative of the Exodus from the Scriptures, [Exo. 23: 15], gives the overlay of the children of Israel story in Rgypt.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

http://www.jewfaq.org/holidaya.htm

Passover commemorates the story of the Exodus, in which the ancient Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt. Passover begins on the 15th day of the month of Nisan in the Jewish calendar, which is in spring in the Northern Hemisphere, and is celebrated for seven or eight days. It is one of the most widely observed Jewish holidays.

 

To the Ethiopian & Eritrean Orthodox Churches, Lent (Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ) Abïy Tẓ’ōm,  means a period of fasting when the faithful undergo a rigorous schedule of prayers and penitence. This fast is observed with greater rigor than any other fast and it is a test of one’s Christianity.  One who fails to keep it is not considered a good Christian.  Properly observed it nullifies the sins committed during the rest of the year.  The faithful should abstain from all food except bread, water and salt.  It consists of about 56 days (opposite of the Western Christian – 40 days), all meat is forbidden, and also, what are called “lactina/lactose;” milk, butter, cheese, eggs, etc, by practical sense.

This seventh week’s readings, focus on verses from the Book of John chapter 3: verses 1-12.

Each week of the Great Lent has its own name associated with what Christ did or taught. The names and the corresponding part for readings, of the bible are shown below with each Sunday heralding the beginning of each week & focus reading.

http://www.eotc.faithweb.com/

[NOTE:]  Usually, small children of are excluded from these practices until the age of maturity has surfaced.

(around pre-teen, or the teenage period)

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent [2]

https://ethnomed.org/calendar/abiy-tsom-lent-2016

Fasting is appears in many religions around the world, but, as ones would know, in the west it has lost its rigor for the majority of peoples. However, in the Ethiopian/Eritrean Orthodox church & to the extent of the other Orthodox churches of the east; there are many fasting days through the year.  In the most strict observances, all fasters would be vegan for half the year.  The longest of the fasts is our topic here in the Hudade(i)/ Abïy Tsom season.  So, as the Lenten Fast or the “Great Fast,” leads up to Easter/Passover it is variously known in dfferent forms, and the majority of adherent of the Orthodox churches approximately fast for these 55 days every year.

Ethiopian Bible Society’s Amharic Holy Bible Dictionary

NEW PRINTED EDITION!!! AVAILABLE (Outside of Ethiopia)! The official “AMHARIC DICTIONARY OF THE HOLY BIBLE.” Originally compiled as a study companion to the 1961-62′ Authorized Revised Amharic Bible, during the times H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I of Ethiopia, sometimes referred to as the “Emperor’s Bible.” This revised and reloaded edition printed from Valiancy Publishing continues the tradition of Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Christianity intense study & application of the Holy Bible.

$19.99

RSS # 25 (እዘዛቸው / צַו)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

IMG_0998

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Tẓ’ăw(v) – צַו, on the 13th – יג, & on the 14th ידof the month of Abïb – אָבִיב, (sometimes known as Nisan – נִיסָן), in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 25th – ፳፭, & on the 26th – ፳፮, of the month of Mägâbït – መጋቢት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as  Izzäzachäw – እዘዛቸው.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Leviticus 6:8 – 8:36

Jeremiah 7: 21- 8:3

Jeremiah 9: 22-24

Hebrews 7:23- 8:6

Now, for in summation of the study we have in front of us; In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, Moses receives further instructions from God about the laws and statutes for the “Sacrifices”/”Offerings,” that are to be administered by the preiesthood for the children of Israel.

tzaw - parsha (The Tabernacle (illustration from the 1901 Standard Eclectic Commentary))

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/purim/article_cdo/aid/644313/jewish/Zachor.htm

This portion of the study of the Scriptures, deals with the God’s instruction to Moses, in regards to the sacrifices(Korbanot קורבנות /Q’werban ቍርባን), in categorization.  Moses, addressed Aaron & his sons, [the priesthood] in accordance to the ordinances of the sacrifices.  Aaron & his descendants were to dress themselves in the garments of linen to administer the works within the tabernacle.

sacrifice-offerings-article

The offerings were to be prepared with flour, oil, frankincense and to be burnt upon the altar to God. What was left over was to be eaten by the priesthood with unleavened bread, in the Holy Place of the Mishkan(Tabernacle).

[Lev. 6:14-23]

tzaw - parsha [kohaniim-kahinat-qessoch-qessiim]

After the laws were laid for the foundations of the sacrifices/offerings, Moses was to consecrate his brother Aaron, and his sons(along with ALL his descendants) to be the anointed priesthood, to carry out the works of God for the children of Israel.

Moses, and his brother Aaron, carried out all of the instructions given to them by God.  In the wilderness they erected a Tabernacle, to the God that brought them out of bondage with the intent of bringing them to a land set forth for them to inherit.  Aaron’s sons were designated to perform the services of the Tabernacle upkeep, for the children of Israel.

tzaw - parsha - [Urim -n- T(h)ummim]

RSS # 24 (ጠርቶ/ וַיִּקְרָא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with V(W)aYikra – וַיִּקְרָא, on the 6th – ו, & on the 7th – ז, on the month of Abïb – אָבִיב, (sometimes known as Nisan – נִיסָן), in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 10th – ፲, & on the 12th – ፲፩, of the month of Mägâbït – መጋቢት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Ṭärtō – ጠርቶ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-[ግእዝ]).

Readings:

Leviticus 1:1- 6:7

Isaiah 43:21- 44:23

Hebrews 10: 1-18; 13: 10-15

For this week, in the portion of the study of the Scriptures, we’ve come to W(V)ayikra.  In the translation, the topic refers to the first line of the readings; “…& he called…”  The laws and ordinances of sacrifice were laid out for the children of Israel.  Moses receives the laws and statutes for the “Sacrifices”/”Offerings,” which are to be made for forgiveness/atonement for sins of the children of Israel. The details are explained to Moses, in relevance to the nature or the action, of the sin that may have been committed. Upon the realization of the sin, its offerings are categorized in different ways.

 

wayikra - parsha6

the sacrifice of an animal permissible for the action, was to take the place of the sinner, who had sinned against God, his commandments, or laws and statutes. Sin was forgiven by faith and repentance, but no because of the ultimate sacrifice, & fulfillment of Scriptures, Christ took on the sins of the world, like a Paschal Lamb of Passover.

wayikra - parsha (sacrifice-priesthood)

The Paschal Lamb was the unblemished animal which used to mark the doors of the Israelites on the night the 10th plague of the “Death of the First Born Of Egypt” was to pass through the land.

[Ex. 11:1- 12:13]

Christ established the new covenant with sacrificing himself, which also became revealed in his speaking over the sharing of the Passover Seder, with the apostles, in the Upper Room.

[Mt. 26:29]

wayikra - parsha (sacrifice-high-priest-sprinkling-blood)

The offering of sacrificial animals and grains were a strong focal point of the Torah, not bribe God, for every animal of the earth, God created, was and belonged to God, anyway.  Blood made a consecration and an atonement, with God. Blood is the life of flesh, so the blood makes atonement for the soul and the is symbolizes holiness through sacrifice. The sacrificial system made a representation of a life sacrificed for a life, with the wage of sin being death.

[Rm. 6:23]

wayikra - parsha (High_Priest_Offering_Incense_on_the_Altar)

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS # 22-23 (ሰብስቦ – ዕቃ ድምር ይህ ነው/ וַיַּקְהֵל – פְקוּדֵי)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regenartion of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of the Torah portion with W(V)ayakhel – וַיַּקְהֵל, from a Jewish/Hebrew mode of study for those out in the diaspora, living outside of Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the 5781 year, this Sabbath day would more than likely fall on the 28th – כד, & on the 29th – כה, of the month of  Adar-אֲדָר . (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to 2013/7513 year, in what is known as Seb’s’bo – ሰብስቦ; on the 3rd – ፫, & on the 4th – ፬, on the (ወርኀ) month of መጋቢት (Megabeet).  In the Scriptures, what is also known as . On the Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ)

Readings:

Exodus 35:1- 38:20

I Kings 7: 40-50

II Corinthians 9: 6-11

I Corinthians 3: 11-18

This portion of the study of the Scriptures, Moses gathers the children of Israel together to relay rules & regulations for the Sabbath, & how they are to conduct themselves and teach the following generations as a statute among them, forever.  Moses also gave instructions to the children of Israel for the construction of the Tabernacle.

[Exod. 35: 1-19]

Tabernacle (Mishkan-Dinkwan)

Moses, also explained that there would be two chosen among them that would offer their craftsmanship, and work to construct a place where God could come and dwell among the children of Israel while they made their way through the .  Then were found Betz’aleel ben-Uri (ben Uri= son of Uri), out of the tribe of Judah, & Aholiab ben-Achiycamakh (ben Achiycamakh= son of Akisamac) were called by God to be the chief artisans/masons of the Tabernacle in the wilderness.  But this didn’t exclude any of the wise-hearted (men or women: [Exod. 35: 20-26]), skilled and resourceful among the children of Israel to participate.

[Exod. 35: 20-35]

Aholiab & Betza'leel : skilled craftsmen of Israel

Aholiab & Betza’leel : skilled craftsmen of Israel

While the people brought willingly to God, the items for the construction of the Tabernacle, which they could  provide; it was brought to Moses’ attention that they brought more than what would be needed.  Moses then gave commandment and proclamation to the children of Israel that they be restrained from bringing anymore gifts/offerings to the builders and the wise-hearted for the service.

[Ex.36: 1-7]

terumah - parsha (contrubitions-gifts-offerings)

The children of Israel, then went on to construct the Tabernacle in the wilderness for YHWH to come and dwell amongst them.  Dividing the tasks of workmanship among each other, the Hebrews worked diligently constructed the ornaments of the Tabernacle, like the outer courts’ pillars, and the curtains.  The skilled and blessed craftsmen continued their work until all the vestments of the priests,and all of the furniture of the inner sanctum were completed.

israelite-mishkan(tabernacle)-complex-diagram

✡ (Pékūdei – Ϊ’Qă D’mr Y’h Näw) ✡

Exodus 38: 21 – 40:38

I Kings 7: 51- 8:21

Hebrews 1: 1-14

I Cor. 3: 16,17

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the accounting of the offerings given by the children of Israel’s contribution to the Mishkan(tabernacle), is taken by Moses and Aaron.  The continuous diligent works of the builders and wise hearted, not only contribute to the tent, and all its furniture, but the garments the priests they made also.

illustration-high-priest-garments

Even by census, did the children of Israel walk in the ways of the God of Israel.  The vestments of priesthood(Levites), along with all of the furnishings of theSanctuary and Outer Court were taken in by sum to complete the rising of the Tabernacle.

garments2

Moses, made a blessing upon all of the instruments that were set to be used by the children of Israel.  He also consecrated the priesthood which consisted of Aaron, and his descendants.  They were ordained to be the servicemen for the work of the Tabernacle.

tabernacle_by_shawn

Once the tabernacle was finished and all the furnishing were placed in the positions appointed; a cloud descended upon the tent, & did not part from it. By day; a cloud hovered over the tabernacle & by night; a pillar of fire dwelt above.

pekudei - parsha8

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

$16.99

RSS# 19 (ስጦታ መባ / תְּרוּמָה)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Terumah – תְּרוּמָה, on the 7th – ז, & on the 8th – חof the month of Adar – אֲדָר, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic Judeo-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 12th – ፲፪, & on the 13th – ፲፫, of the month of Yekátït – የካቲት.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as S’Tota Mäba – ስጦታ መባ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – [ግእዝ]).

**SHABBOT ROSH CH’ODESH:**

Numbers 28: 9-15

Isaiah 66: 1-24

rosh chodesh adar

Readings:

Exodus 25:1- 27:19
I Kings 5:26 [KJV begins @ verse 12] – 6:13
II Corinthians 9:1-15
Matthew 5:33-37

At this point, in the study of the Scriptures, the children of Israel are given the instructions from God through Moses to build a Tabernacle. (in the wilderness)

Tabernacle sketch by Harley Pinon

The children of Israel, produced 13 gifts for offering to YHWH (only seven covered in this portion), for the construction of the Tabernacle.  Contributions of gold, silver, brass(copper), blue, red(scarlet), and purple linen, goat’s hair, ram’s skin dyed red, sealskin, acacia-wood, oil, incense(spices), & gems(onyx stones).

terumah - parsha (tabernacle furniture)

God spoke to Moses, the instruments to be utilized in the Tabernacle with their positions and purposes.  God had set a upon the completion of the Tabernacle, to dwell among the Hebrews.

the Ark. [Ex. 25: 10-22]

Moses, told the children of Israel of what was to be done and how it was to be arranged; and they obeyed and performed the actions set before them.

terumah - parsha (table of showbread-shulch'an)

The children of Israel, in reception to the construction of the Mishkan (Tabernacle), gave way to what would become the construction of the Temple of Jerusalem in King Solomon‘s time.  In many ways, the “portable Temple,”  or the Mishkan became a foreshadowing and also, symbolic measure of the wandering in the wilderness, the children of Israel had experienced.

While the coming construction of the Temple of Jerusalem in Solomon‘s time, by way of the desires of his father David; the Temple symbolically embodied the “resting place of the Temple/Mishkan.”

Menorah/Lampstand (candlestick) [Ex. 25: 31-40]

The children of Israel, by tribe, were to be arranged around the Tabernacle in the wilderness, as well.

Altar of Sacrifice. [Ex. 27: 1-8]

From the dimensions, to the portability, (because of the trek through the wilderness), the Israelites were to follow and construct the dwelling place of YHWH, for the Tabernacle.

Outer court [Ex. 27: 9-19]

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS# 18 (ሥራዓት / מִּשְׁפָּטִים)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Mishpatim – מִּשְׁפָּטִים, on the 30th – ל, of the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָט, 7, & on the 1st- אof the month of Adar – , in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; on the 5th – , & on the 6th – , of the month of Yekátït – የካቲት.  These readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as;  S(h)’raut – ሥራዓት.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 21:1- 24:18

Jeremiah 34:8-22 ; chpt. 33: 25, 26

Matthew 5:38-42 ; chpt. 17: 1-11

 

Now, in summation of the study we have in front of us, this portion of the study of the Scriptures, laws/ordinances/judgments for the Passover(Pesach – פסח / Fasika – ፋሲካ) are set out.  In addition to the Decalogue(Ten Commandments/Words), another series of laws were given to Moses, to give to the children of Israel. This has been accounted for as the covenant upon Mount Sinai (or the Sinaitic Covenant).  God commands Moses, Aaron, & Aaron’s sons: Nadab and Abihu, to ascend the mountain.

[Ex. 24:9-11]

Covenant Code(detailed statutes)

[Exodus 21-23]

ELoHIM upon Mt Sinai

The instituting of Hebrews,( in particular the men ), to show up or appear, before God three times was established, with these detailed statutes.

Laws and ordinances, on servitude, child rearing, crime, and other aspects, are covered for the children of Israel to observe and do.  This has been accounted for as the covenant upon Mount Sinai.

Feast of Unleavened Bread

(Passover – פֶּסַח), is a memorial of the Exodus from Egypt. It also observes, the avoiding all leavened grain products and similar foods of consumption.  Most families or communities tell stories of the Exodus traditionally. Pesach(Passover) usually lasts eight days (for some others it may comprise seven days): Passover’s equivalent in Ethiopian Jewish/Hebrew tradition is called (Fasika – ፋሲካ) from other translated sources Fasika, is the equivalent for the meaning from/into Easter; in the English. Fasika has been an upkeep from the traditions and teachings of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church, since around fourth century A.D.  Even, for what is known as a Christian church, this festival of Fasika(Easter/Passover) holds significance than what is known as Christmas. Fasika succeeds an approx., 56-day fasting period, which is has certain relevancy to the Western Christian ideas of Lent. Fasika, is known to be a a day of high celebration.

fasika-drum16

Also, in continuance of the giving of the laws, statutes and commandments, along with the judgments of YHWH; the children of Israel were also given more times of observances for the Hebrew people.  These observances have become, what is known as the Moed’im – מועדים.

http://www.yashanet.com/studies/revstudy/rev3.htm

The people of Israel, proclaimed that they would hear obey the commands of YHWH.

http://www.messianic-torah-truth-seeker.org/Torah/Pesach/Pesach.html

Now, the second of these important feasts is the Feast of Weeks/Harvest, (Shav(b)uot/KH’ag Shab(v)uotחג שבעות) commemorates the day God gave the Torah/the LAW to the entire nation of Israel which had come to be assembled at Mount Sinai.  Shavuot is linked to Passover, it also concludes the Counting of the Omer, of the seven weeks/counting of God’s festivals.

harvest-shavuot

and at the Feast of Tabernacles/Succoth. (Sukkot – סֻכּוֹת) The Feast of the Ingathering, is celebrated on the 15th day of the month of Tisrei, on the Hebrew/Jewish calendar. Moses told the children of Israel to gather for a reading of the Law during Sukkot every seventh year (Deut. 31:10-11).  Sukkot is a seven day holiday, and part of what is known in Jewish tradition as the Chol HaMoed(festival weekdays). Observance of Sukkot is detailed in the Book of this week’s Torah portion.

[Exodus 23:14]

sukkot4

In this portion of the Scriptures, important observances for the children of Israel, which have now become known as the Shalosh Regalim.

(or commonly known as the three national High Holy Days of Israel)

After this establishment Moses, was then summoned by God to ascend the mountain where he remained for forty days and forty nights.

Amharic Bible Dict. - የመጽሐፍ ቅዱስ መዝገበ ቃላት (book cover)

Ethiopian Bible Society’s Amharic Holy Bible Dictionary

NEW PRINTED EDITION!!! AVAILABLE (Outside of Ethiopia)! The official “AMHARIC DICTIONARY OF THE HOLY BIBLE.” Originally compiled as a study companion to the 1961-62′ Authorized Revised Amharic Bible, during the times H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I of Ethiopia, sometimes referred to as the “Emperor’s Bible.” This revised and reloaded edition printed from Valiancy Publishing continues the tradition of Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Christianity intense study & application of the Holy Bible.

$19.99

RSS# 15 (ግባ / בֹּא )

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Bo – בֹּא, on the 9th – ט, & the 10th – י, of the month of Sheb(v)at – שְׁבָט, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the MoonFrom an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513 these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as; G’bӑ – ግባ , on the 14th – ፲፬, & on the 15th – ፲፭, of the month of T’r – ጥር.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar(with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበትin the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 10: 1- 13:16

Jeremiah 46: 13-28

Luke 22: 7-30

I Corinthians 11: 20-34

This portion our study of the Scriptures, deals with the three (3) remaining plagues of Egypt.  

The children of Israel are instructed by God to compose their calendar (or simply a “time keep-sake”) by the phases of the moon, which leads to the creation of the lunar Hebrew calendar.  During the plagues, a memorial for the Hebrews to keep yearly, is instituted.  This memorial would become a statute of those who perform the practical applications of the Hebrew faith; for example, the keeping of the Sabbath, but the time-keeping (months-years) in an annual sense.

FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD

http://www.shmayisrael.com/Downloads/Passover.pdf

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Blessings/Holiday_Blessings/Pesach_Blessings/pesach_blessings.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Pesach/Seder/seder.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

Ethiopic Passover is known as: Fasika(ፋሲካ)

http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/english/weekly/easter.pdf

http://www.eotc-berlin.org/files/lent-easter.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

Plagues:

8th) Locusts – Exod. 10:1-20;

9th) Darkness – Exod. 10:21-29; 

10th) Death of Firstborn – Exod. 11:1-10, 12:29-32

God tells Moses and Aaron, and to go to Pharaoh, knowing that his heart was hardened but the signs and wonders of God, were to come upon Egypt.  The children of Israel were to tell the their children and the many generations to come, of the signs, of YHWH.

bo - parsha (locust 8th plague)

Locusts, the eighth plague, which covered the land of Egypt, and devoured crops, fields and such put put more strain on the land.

[Exo. 10: 1-8]

bo - parsha (plagues of egypt)

Moses and his brother Aaron, were brought to Pharaoh, in supplication that they inquire of YHWH, that the locusts be taken up from the land of Egypt, in exchange for the children of Israel to make a feast to him, in service.  It was so made, in that a west wind took the locusts, just as an east wind brought them in.

[Exo. 10: 9-19]

The Plague of Locusts _ by James J. Tissot

The Plague of Locusts _ by James J. Tissot

Pharaoh’s heart, being hardened once more, he continued his refusal of letting go the children of Israel.  God told Moses, to stretch his hands toward the heavens so that it would be darkness to fall upon the land of Egypt.(three days)  When the darkness covered Egypt, Pharaoh pleaded with Moses to make sacrifice to YHWH, bring light upon Egypt.

[Exo. 10: 20-29]

Ninth Plague of Egypt - Darkness _ painting by Gustave Dore

Ninth Plague of Egypt – Darkness _ painting by Gustave Dore

God then, told Moses that there would still be yet, one more plague that would be placed upon Egypt.  For afterwards this plague the children of Israel, would come out of Egypt.  Moses was to tell the people, to prepare to exit Egypt, shortly, and to borrow of their neighbors jewels of silver and gold; even so to the point that they received favor in the sight of the Egyptians because of the sign and wonders, that they were able to take of them as well.  But yet, every firstborn of Egypt would be taken away, even that of the Pharaoh’s house.  This would be the 10th and final plague.

[Exo. 11: 1- 12:1]

bo - parsha (Aleph-Alef-Tav-Taw) [ET] (doorpost blood)

Tav/Tawfinal Hebrew Letter – ת

“And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it”.

Passover Seder

(Exodus 12:7)

In this, the institution of the Passover was established for the Hebrews.  The children of Israel were to calculate the beginning of their months from the coming out of Egypt.

hebrew calendar - spring (Yamim Noraim) Holy Days

[Exo. 12: 2-29]

bo - parsha (The Passover Instituted by CF Vos)

Pharaoh then, rose up in the morning, and called for Moses and Aaron, pleaded that they immediately leave Egypt, for in the land of Egypt there was not one house that had not one dead.

[Exo. 12: 30-36]

bo - parsha (plague death of the 1stborn)

& the children of made haste, for there was a mixed multitude that accompanied them as the prepared to make their journey from Egypt.  They left with many of the treasures of Egypt, for they sought to rid themselves of the plagues which Israel brought into the land following the blessings that it poured upon them.

[Exo. 12: 38- 13:16]

bo -parsha (Tissot_The_Exodus)

Exodus

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Booklet

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

%d bloggers like this: