Tag Archives: black Jews

✡ Succoth (סֻכּוֹת)_Das Be’al (ዳስ በዓል) ✤ “Feast of Tabernacles/ Booths” ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Again, this is Lidj Yefdi, wishing everyone a very blessed Sukkot!  Other names for this High Holy Day or appointed time as translated from the Hebrew language comes to us as; the “Feast of Booths,” the “Tabernacles/Festival of Tabernacles,” or as the “Ingathering.”

sukkot4

The Festival of Sukkot begins on the 15th, of the Hebrew month of Tishrei & is observed for seven days. (five days after Yom Kippur)  Sukkot, is in many ways very opposite to the observance of Yom Kippur, especially as ones would know and find it among peoples of today.  One reason in saying this is that Sukkot is very joyful and it is commonly referred to in modern day Jewish prayer and literature as Z’man Símcḥatéinu זמן שמחתינו; more literally translated to the English language as: “The Season of Our Rejoicing.”  Now in a similar fashion of the celebration of Passover and Shabuot, Sukkot has a significance that is doubled in a sense, especially when pertaining to its historical and agricultural perspectives.

Mirrors of Hamo-Shemitic culture: Ethiopian Tekuloch in the country side (resemblances of the succahs)

Mirrors of Hamo-Shemitic culture: Ethiopia in the country side (resemblances of the Succah)

In a historical manner, the celebration of Sukkot commemorates the (40) forty-year period during which the children of Israel were wandering in the wilderness, living in temporary shelters.  Hence, for the term “Feast or Festival of Tabernacles,” in the similar way the Tabernacle/Tent of Meeting and encampment of the children of Israel was constructed while making the Exodus with the significant role of the furnishings playing their respective parts.    Agriculturally, Sukkot is a harvest festival and is sometimes referred to as Chag Ha-Asífחג האסף, translating to the “Festival of Ingathering.”

[Lev. 23: 34- ; Deut. 16: 13-15]

hebrew-calendar-months-and-feast-cycle

Sukkot is the third and the culmination of the Shalosh Regalim, or commonly known as the “Three Pilgrimage Festivals of Israel.”

Sukkot is a very joyous festival/feast day, & there are various ways of maintaining observances.  In the final of day of the memorial of Sukkot, the day is referred to as HoShanna Rabbah, which is a special observance with the use of bundling willow branches.

Sukkot_4 Species

Sukkot_4 Species

Sukkot, in summation is the children of Israel residing in a temporary state, resembling & calling to remembrance the time in the wilderness post-Exodus but, pre-entering into the Land of Promise.

Hebrew Sukkah - L, & an Ethiopian Tekul - R.

Hebrew Sukkah – L, & an Ethiopian Tekul – R.

STUDY NOTES:

Leviticus 23: 33-36

Deuteronomy 16: 13-16

http://www.mechon-mamre.org/jewfaq/holiday5.htm

http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday5.htm

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Sukkot/sukkot.html

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♔ ✡ H.I.M.✤Q.H.S. ✡ ♔

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to yet another posting here at Ras Tafari Renaissance!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes in this 400th year of the dispensation (Biblical prophecy of the children of Israel, being afflicted or entreated evil, for four hundred years: Gen. 15:13, & Acts 7:6 )to give perspective to the Ethiopian commemoration of what is known in Ras Tafarian circles as the “EarthStrong” or Birth date of Ras Tafari, H.I.M.self.  Prophecies were fulfilled,stars were aligned (especially pertaining to the Inundation of the Nile River & the so-called “Dog-Star” constellation), what more can we here at Ras Tafari Renaissance say about the birth date, of His Imperial Majesty Haile Sellassie (born July 23, 1892;  Täfäri Makʷennin woldä-Mikáèl [ተፈሪ መኳንን ወልደ ሚካኤል]), in Ejersa Goro; Harar Province, Ethiopia; Africa.

ejersa goro

In Ejersa Goro,  he was born to Ras Makʷennin & Yashimabet Ali, just outside of Harar; even in a Christ-like manner in rural Harar, of the late 1800s.

 

 

Woyzero Yashimebet Ali (mother of Haile Sellassie photograph)

Woizero Yashimebet Ali [sometimes known to surnamed “Gamcho,” and/or AbaJifar](mother of [Tafari Makʷennin] photograph

The youngest of ten children,  Täfäri was the only surviving and legitimate son of Ras Makonnen, the governor of Harar, which allowed him to become involved in the political field (if you please…?), as far as, the Kingdom of Ethiopia stood. 

H.I.M. earthstrong rising SIRIUS star - inundation of Nile River(July23-Hamle17-Tammuz7)

** SPECIAL READINGS **

Rev. 12:5

II Sam. 7:16

Rev: 12:13

Ps. 124

I Cor. 15:24

Lidj Teferi with his father Ras Makennin.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_aristocratic_and_court_titles

http://www.ethiopiancrown.org/Imperial-Traditional-Ranks-n-Titles

tmwm

The coming forth of Haile Sellassie to the earthly plane was an emphatic occurrence that its still celebrated to this day in age, especially by Ras Tafarians worldwide.  Mainly because of its prophetic institution, and Biblical reverence within historical events.  These succeeding events that took place, worldwide but especially in Ethiopia, brought about the recognition of the importance of the Scriptures, in real time.

hamle 16

✡ Sigd – ሰግድ ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopian-Hebrew(Jewish) holiday of Sigd.  This Hebrew(Jewish) holiday holds specific significance only among the Ethiopian Jews, better known as the “Beta Israel.”  Among many different ethnic Jewish/Hebrew peoples, (taking in specific: geographical location, heritage, preserving of traditional practices, & observances to Torah) there are certain adherents observed, and Sigd seems to be one of those specific adherences pertaining to the Ethiopian Jews. Though, now there are many Ethiopian Jews that have relocated to the State of Israel, & other parts of the world the tradition continues to bear perserverance.

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/sigd.html

sigd5

Sigd, is celebrated 50 days after Yom Kippur, marked by fasting, praying, & the entire community walking to the highest point, on a mountain, (in Ethiopia.)  The Qessim(or priests) of the community would carry the Orit(Ethiopic Torah), written in the liturgical language of Ge’ez, and the Book of Nehemiah would be recited.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sigd

Sigd, has two oral traditions among the Ethiopian Jews, dating back to the 6th & 15th centuries, respectively.  Sigd symbolizes the acceptance of the Torah. The Qessïm have also maintained a tradition of the holiday arising as a result of persecution by Christian kings, during which the Qessïm retreated into the wilderness to appeal to God for His mercy. Additionally they sought to unify the Beta Israel and prevent them from abandoning what the Ethiopian Jews, or the Beta Israel knew as the ኃይማኖት – CH’aymanot  (laws and traditions of Beta Israel) under persecution. So they looked toward the Book of Nehemiah and were inspired by Ezra‘s presenting the “book of the law of Moses/Torah” before the assembly of Israel after it had been lost to them during Babylonian exile.

sigd3

http://www.jpost.com/National-News/Thousands-of-Ethiopian-Jews-gather-in-Jerusalem-to-celebrate-return-to-Israel-on-Sigd-330293

Sigd - ethiopian jews

http://www.haaretz.com/news/national/1.555931

✡ Símcḥát Tōráh (שִׂמְחַת תּוֹרָה) ✤ YeDästá Ōrït (የደስታ ኦሪት) ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

simchat torah - rabbi wentworth a. matthew and the blk jews of harlem(valley of dry bones-rudolph windsor)

This is Lidj Yefdi, wishing everyone a very blessed Símchat Toráh/YeDästa Orit! Ras Tafari Renaissance is as always thankful and appreciative of the responses from those who continue to check out the work here and send their opinions, and commentary.  In this post we turn our attention to the Hebraic celebration of Símchat Toráh, which literally means the “Rejoicing Over the Torah,” or simply the “Joy of the Torah.” This celebration is usually commemorated with joyous dancing, and singing from those who do their best to uphold the teachings of the Torah.  This celebration is also a memorial to the continuous diligent study of the Torah, as one cycle of portions comes to completion, a new cycle begins (though arguably could be said to be one cycle, all in the same.)

succoth - simchat torah (Tabernacles _ Torah) das beal - yedesta orit

– credit image to hebrew4christians.com

As Shemini Atz’eret always comes at a coincidental conjunction to Simchat Torah, by western Gregorian calendar calculations it usually has an occurance between late September – mid October.

These two holidays (speaking of Shemini Atz’eret/ Simchat Torah)  are commonly thought of as part of Sukkot, they both also center a theme on the Torah (rightfully so).  Sukkot, of course being originally and still referenced as an agricultural holiday, there are many prayers, songs, gatherings centered on the significance of rain.  The rain, obviously being extremely vital for the cultivation of crops shows a point of exploration into understanding the Holy day in depth. But, in the modern sense of study, of the Torah, in relation to this holiday it also has significance to the Reform Judaism sects [or even Messianic Judaism ], especially pertaining to the Moshiach (the Messiah).

shemini atzeret - simchat torah (Ethiopian Hebrew app)

During this seasonal celebration, the Ark (addressing the Torah Scroll [Sefer Torah], with its accessories; usually dressed well dressed depending upon the congregation and the contributions brought or put forward to decorate.  The Torah Scroll, is removed from the compartments sometimes known as the Ark, (as the Ark of the Covenant, from the times of the Exodus out of Egypt the tablets of the “Ten Commandments” [rightfully known as the 10 Words] was housed inside the Ark, on the trek through the wilderness).

simchat torah4

In most Hebraic congregations or gatherings, the Torah scroll is paraded, sing over, embraced by the entire congregation, is applicable as the students and teachers of the ancient texts is revered among the all the community as a testament (or testimony) to the universal law and appreciation of the spiritual strength of the Torah.

commandmentkeeperssynagogue

Notes:

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Simchat_Torah/simchat_torah.html

Numb. 29:35

Neh. 8:18

http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday6.htm

II Chron. 7:9

Lev. 23:36

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simchat_Torah

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4689/jewish/Shemini-Atzeret-Simchat-Torah.htm

8. Abíy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓብይ ጾም ✤ Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ (the Lenten Fast)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover. In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח. (In the Ethiopic sense this is known as Fasika – ፋሲካ; which phonetically/linguistically similar.) Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery but, moreso the bondage spiritually, financialy, and socially in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs.  Their freedom as a nation under the leadership of Moses began a traverse through the wilderness and desert lands of the Sinai Peninsual and the Levant. But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political, and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt(Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt(Upper Egypt).

Passover is considered apart of the Shalosh Regalim, or the main festivals of Israel’s commemoration to God. The day commences on the afternoon of the Hebraic, 14th of the month of Nisan/Abïb.

 This time is set for recollection and reexamination of one’s self.  Fasting & prayer is key leading up to the Passover.

In continuation already set by the first day of the Samint/Shabua (loosely translated; the week); we move into the culminating level of the count in Abïy T’zōm – አብይ ፆም/ዓቢይ ጾም.

([YeAbiy Ts’om Minbabat : Zeymawoch’na Sibketoch]) = The Readings for the “Great Fast” : Times of the Teachings/Preachings/Sermons.

http://ethiopianorthodox.org/amharic/seasonal/lentprogram.html

lent-hudade

Abiy Tsom/ Hudade = the Great Lenten Fast

RasTafari Renaissance continues to celebrate in the Tewahedo faith the “Great Fast,” or Abíy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓቢይ ጾም.  This period in the Ethiopian & Eritrean Churches, which are also known as the “Tewahido/Tewahedo” churches clustered with the other Orthodox sister churches (ie. Greek Orthodox, Syrian Orthodox, Russian Orthodox etc.) have similar practices which have orderly examples in which they observe this time leading up to Passover; known to the greater world as “Easter.”  You may know of this time especially in the West, that leads to Easter.

[the Three Pilgrimage feast/festivals – Shalosh Regalim]

The narrative of the Exodus from the Scriptures, [Exo. 23: 15], gives the overlay of the children of Israel story in Rgypt.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

http://www.jewfaq.org/holidaya.htm

Passover commemorates the story of the Exodus, in which the ancient Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt. Passover begins on the 15th day of the month of Nisan in the Jewish calendar, which is in spring in the Northern Hemisphere, and is celebrated for seven or eight days. It is one of the most widely observed Jewish holidays.

 

To the Ethiopian & Eritrean Orthodox Churches, Lent (Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ) Abíy Tẓ’ōm,  means a period of fasting when the faithful undergo a rigorous schedule of prayers and penitence. This fast is observed with greater rigor than any other fast and it is a test of one’s Christianity.  One who fails to keep it is not considered a good Christian.  Properly observed it nullifies the sins committed during the rest of the year.  The faithful should abstain from all food except bread, water and salt.  It consists of about 56 days (opposite of the Western Christian – 40 days), all meat is forbidden, and also, what are called “lactina/lactose;” milk, butter, cheese, eggs, etc, by practical sense.

This eighth week’s readings, focus on verses from the Book of John chapter 11: verses 1-10.

Each week of the Great Lent has its own name associated with what Christ did or taught. The names and the corresponding part for readings, of the bible are shown below with each Sunday heralding the beginning of each week & focus reading.

http://www.eotc.faithweb.com/

[NOTE:]  Usually, small children of are excluded from these practices until the age of maturity has surfaced.

(around pre-teen, or the teenage period)

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent [2]

https://ethnomed.org/calendar/abiy-tsom-lent-2016

Fasting is appears in many religions around the world, but, as ones would know, in the west it has lost its rigour for the majority of peoples. However, in the Ethiopian/Eritrean Orthodox church & to the extent of the other Orthodox churches of the east; there are many fasting days through the year.  In the most strict observances, all fasters would be vegan for half the year.  The longest of the fasts is our topic here in the Hudade(i)/ Abiy Tsom season.  So, as the Lenten Fast or the “Great Fast,” leads up to Easter/Passover it is variously known in dfferent forms, and the majority of adherent of the Orthodox churches approximately fast for these 55 days every year.

LINKS:

http://www.ethiopianorthodoxchurch.info/CalanderFastsFeasts

https://rastafari.tv/ethiopia-hosanna-palm-sunday-orthodox-tradition/

https://books.google.com/books?id=iKKFuJkuVZcC&pg=PA178&lpg=PA178&dq=hosanna+ethiopian+church&source=bl&ots=pHvpwMrgqp&sig=MdVsjYj_xw3rrRrwOWENFWxOQCw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjg57rWvZraAhVK11MKHUS8A5Y4ChDoAQgwMAI#v=onepage&q=hosanna%20ethiopian%20church&f=false

✡FORMER NBA STAR AMAR’E STOUDEMIRE LAUNCHES LINE OF KOSHER WINES✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

We bring another posting here at Ras Tafari Renaissance to congratulate our Hebraic brothers’ accomplishment in establishing his signature Kosher wine line.  You may know him from his long tenure as a prominent National Basketball Association (NBA), athlete with credentials that wouldn’t do him the honor of his name; but today he has already begun to continue to his legacy as expressing more of himself through his achievement.

I’m speaking of Amar’e Stoudemire, former NBA star athlete, Rookie of the Year, Olympian, All-Star, & Hall of Fame hopefull.  (1st ballot; our own mock prediction** LOL) But, now he’s just another one of us human beings searching his heritage, uncovering the truth more and more, everyday.  The 6-foot-10 former hoops star, who returned earlier this month from a trip to the Jewish state of Israel, spoke glowingly about the wines and his connection to Israel at a news conference here Tuesday.

Amar’e Stoudemire; former NBA star player poses for the cameras with a mock prop for his new Kosher wine line: self-entitled “STOUDEMIRE.”

“It’s a blessing for me and my family to be able to produce such great wines from a land like the land of Israel, so we’re constantly counting our blessings for that,”

Stoudemire told reporters at the Jewish National Fund House on the Upper East Side.

Stoudemire, 35, said he had been in talks with the Israel Wine Producers Association for three years about making an Israeli wine and realized the opportunity when he relocated to the country in 2016 to play for the Israeli team Hapoel Jerusalem. He retired from basketball last year after helping lead Hapoel Jerusalem to the Israeli Basketball League Cup.

“Once I moved to Israel, it was the perfect connection to meet with the vineyards and go to the tastings and figure out the different blends for each bottle,” said Stoudemire, a part-owner of Hapoel Jerusalem.

Stoudemire played for the New York Knicks, Miami Heat, and Phoenix Suns among other teams in a 16-year NBA career.  Although raised Christian, he began exploring a spiritual connection to Judaism on a trip to Israel in 2010.

“I feel spiritually Jewish, culturally Jewish,” he said at the time.

Stoudemire’s line includes two red wine blends and one Cabernet Sauvignon, all produced in limited quantity by the Tulip Winery on its vineyards in Kfar Tikva, in Israel’s north.

The winery produced only 100 bottles of the high-end wine, Stoudemire Private Collection, with each bottle retailing at $244.99. It produced slightly larger quantities, 1,680 each, of the Stoudemire Reserve and Stoudemire Grand Reserve wines, which are retailing for $59.99 and $99.99, respectively. The kosher beverage giant Royal Wine Corp. is distributing the wines, which are currently only available for purchase in stores in New York and New Jersey.

Stoudemire, who continues to speak about his connection to Israel, said he’s open to producing additional wines, but that he would not produce them outside the Jewish state.

Amare’ & wife Alexis Stoudemire with three (3) of their four (4) children.

A HUGE CONGRATS TO OUR HEBREW BROTHER AMAR’E

& HOPES FOR MUCH MORE SUCCESS, NOT ONLY BUSINESS

BUT ON YOUR SPIRITUAL PATH!

Links:

Ethiopic & Hebraic New Year comes To Its Head (2010/7510EC-5778HC)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations is here wishing you all a VERY HAPPY ETHIOPIAN NEW YEAR!

celebrate-the-ethiopian-new-year-addis-amet-enqutatash

RRR is proud to have been here studying, giving commentary, and sharing in the fellowship of Ras Tafari.  It has been thoroughly enjoyable, & fulfilling to see the responses from all of the people from all walks of life, seeking truth, wherever it may be found when pertaining to the Scriptures, (in the light of Ras Tafari), as well as, other topics and subjects.

lojs-rtg-h-i-m-addis-amet-message-1965

We are coming up to OUR Hebrew-Lunar cycle of time-keeping and will continue our Torah for the Hebraic year, which has been brought to year 5778 H.C. (Sept.20-22, 2017)

But, in OUR Ethiopic-Solar New Year 2010/7510 E.C. (Sept. 11, 2017)

Sun & Moon Ethiopic symbols utilized by Tsehai Publishing.

Sun & Moon Ethiopic symbols utilized by Tsehai Publishing.

Though, the year has had its times of trials and times of joy, & some seem to outweigh the other, we all have come though another year, in hopes of seeing many more. (RRR wishes peace, and prosperity to you all!)

Going forward, RRR, will continue its attempt to expand in reach, aggregation of intel, and building beneficial relationships …There has begun a process for bringing forward hard copies of this past year’s Sabbath readings with RRR commentary, & availability with be provided for all of those who, wish seek to retain a copies.

(A preliminary exclusive previous compilation has been completed & is also available, here for those who so inquire….link below)

http://www.lulu.com/shop/yohann-immanuel/sabbath-readings-companion-book/paperback/product-22727871.html

etyyopiya shall stretch forth her hands(Ps.68_31)

We thank ALL of the Supporters and visitors to this platforms as well as, other we participate in.  Those who may have spread the word whenever a post was made hear at RRR, or heard whenever I, and many of my confidants were hard at work collaborating in many projects; I also thank you very much!  We look forward to seeing what will inspire you to do something meaningful, in the near and far future.  For all of this we give thanks to none other but the MOST HIGH! & for bringing you and yours safely to yet another year.

Please stay tuned, to these blog posts, because there’s is so much more to come…

So, in ushering in Hebrew Observances, that should be relevant and incorporated into the Ras Tafari consciousness.

Since the inception of Ras Tafari it has been clear that the Ras Tafarians proclaim ancestral heritage with Hebraic peoples of antiquity.  Sharing ancestry with the Imperial House of David’s Solomonic Dynasty, in Ethiopia; by way of King Solomon & the Queen of Sheba.  With that said, seeing how Ethiopia has become the ONLY Christian church upholding its Hebraic traditions intact, it should hold a critical place in the Ras Tafari faithful and those of like minds to adhere to original Christian and Hebraic practices.

Hebrew-Feasts

So, in this post we here at Ras Tafari Renaissance would like to put, all that continue to, and are maybe, just checking out the site for the first time on notice.  In the continuance of bringing you all, Ras Tafari interpretations of the Scriptures from a Bible-based foundation, we’ll also bring about the basics of over-standing Hebraic Observances/Holidays/Holy Days, and build on that foundation.

As the year comes to a close from ancient ways of time-keeping to the more modern ways, Ras Tafari Renaissance comes to the Hebraic New Year, with the anticipation of bringing the blog viewers into a deeper understanding of what is being produced here on this site.  Bringing more of the Hebrew and Amharic languages, into comprehension and use.

roshchodesh

For tonight, will bring in the new month of Tisrei – תִּשְׁרֵי .

[Lev. 23: 24]

“…the seventh month, the first day of the month, ye shall have a sabbath, a memorial, of blowing of the trumpet (shofar – שׁוֹפָר), an holy convocation…”

a member of the Commandments Keepers, from NYC, blowing the Shofar.

a member of the Commandments Keepers Congregation, from NYC, blowing the Shofar.

& as [Numbers 29:1] says, the festival/memorial will be Yom Teruah – יום תרועה , (“Blowing of the Horn“)

ordering of the Hebrew months

ordering of the Hebrew months

for more information on this Holy Day & others, check under the NOTES…..

*NOTES

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Rosh_Hashannah/rosh_hashannah.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Days_of_Repentance#Rosh_Hashanah_rituals

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4644/jewish/Rosh-Hashanah.htm

http://hoshanarabbah.org/yom_teruah.html

  • Ethiopian Equivalents; EnQutatash – እንቁጣጣሽ , or Meleket D’mts Metasebiyah – መለከት ድምፅ መታሰቢያ/ Mebacha Qen – መባቻ ቀን _ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enkutatash

http://rastaites.com/Ethiopia/newyear.htm

Ethiopian_New_Year_Enkutatash

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