Tag Archives: BeMidbar

RSS# 49 (በወጣህ ጊዜ / כִּי־תֵצֵא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Ki-Teitẓ’eiכִּי־תֵצֵא, on the 13th – יג, & on the 14th – יד, of the month of Elūl – אֱלוּל, in the year of 5779. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known (in the same sense) as BeWäṭáh Gïzéy – በወጣህ ጊዜ.  This would calculate as the 18th – ፲፰, & the 19th – ፲፱, of the month of Mäskäräm – መስከረም.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 21:10 – 25:19

Isaiah 54: 1-10

Matthew 5: 27-30

I Corinthians 5: 1-5

In this parsha/kifil (study portion) of the Scriptures, we shall go through topics that cover, laws, statutes & commandments, mostly in the civil & domestic life of the children of Israel.  We’ll begin in the post-warfare ordinances, that deal with other governing principles, including inheritance, child rearing, humane civility, farming & host of other issues.  This portion of the Scriptures, set out supplementary laws that would aid the Hebrew people as they continued to draw near to God.

Torah Aliyot scroll for Parshat Ki Tetzei. Scroll possibly from the "Rabbinical period in southern Europe [Lisbon, Portugal] _ Jewish/Hebraic teachings thrived alongside the 700 + year period of the Moorish conquering of Europe; ca. 711 AD - 1492 AD ; (also see; the Edict of Expulsion, or the Expulsion of Moors & Jews - 1492.

Torah Aliyot scroll for Parshat Ki Tetzei (Teitzei). Scroll possibly from the “Rabbinical period in southern Europe” [Lisbon, Portugal] _ Jewish/Hebraic teachings thrived alongside the 700 + year period of the Moorish conquering of Europe; ca. 711 AD – 1492 AD ; (also see; the Edict of Expulsion, or the Expulsion of Moors & Jews – 1492.

The children of Israel were presented with the orders of God, through Moses, to deal with domestic regulations in the ways that were suitable and pleasing to God.  The treatment of captives, especially of the women of other nations was one in question, in the ordinances of warfare.

[Deut. 21: 10-17]

ki tetzei - parsha [israelite army-Deut.21vrs1]

Also, in this category of issues, the children of Israel were to administer to the wayward son, in ways that would be beneficial to, not only be sustainable to one’s household, but to the entire nation’s, as well.

[Deut. 21: 18-23]

CHRIST's Parable of the Prodigal Son [Luke 15: 11-32]

CHRIST‘s Parable of the Prodigal Son [Luke 15: 11-32]

The children of Israel, were not to be a wayward people, speaking with “fork-tongues“, living in ungodly ways, but always making way to become righteous by words & deeds.  Thus, the Laws of Brotherhood, not only within the Hebrew community, but to other nations also; the same would be the norm for ANY Israelite.

[Deut. 22: 1-8]

ki tetzei - parsha [opening verse aliya]

When it came to Hebrew farming principles, from the basics to large-scale agriculture practices, the children of Israel were to adhere certain commandments all-in-the-same.  This takes in account, the treatment of the animals within their possession, also.

[Deut. 22: 9-12]

1)”…Speak to the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:…”[Numb. 15: 38]; 2)…”thou shall make thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy vesture, wherewith thou coverest thyself…” [Deut. 22: 12] {Tz’itz’iyot-צִיצִת or Gadil-גָּדִל}

1)”…Speak to the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:…”[Numb. 15: 38];
2)…”thou shall make thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy vesture, wherewith thou coverest thyself…”
[Deut. 22: 12]

In the upkeep of the laws, statutes, & commandments of God to the children of Israel; upon the sudden death of a Hebrew, who had a wife (but, was now a childless widowhad married, but bore no children), & was survived by a brother-in-law(her husband’s brother), the surviving brethren was obliged to uphold specific responsibilities in procuring the lineage of his deceased brother.  This law was one of intricacy, among others dealing with the “Innocent Wife”, being provided with protection within Israel.

(see Levirate Marriage; Yibbum; Chalitza – חליצה; & Gen. 38:8) [for fuller comprehension read Gen.38: 6-26]

[Deut. 22: 13-19]

Halitz'ah/CHalitz'a ceremony _ "the shoe loosing" _ A widow loosening the shoe of her brother-in-law; significying that she is now free to marry whom she chooses, & the Hebraic law of the Levirate Marriage is lifted.

Halitz’ah/CHalitz’a ceremony _ “the shoe loosing” _ A widow loosening the shoe of her brother-in-law; signifying that she is now free to marry whom she chooses, & the Hebraic law of the Levirate Marriage is lifted.

In the arrangements for dealing with divers regulatory issues among the children of Israel, the Hebrews were to adhere to God’s principles in dealing with peoples of other nations, entreating their camp, holy places and such, but also, not succumbing to being a oppressors or whores & whoremongers, (ie. sexual offenders, rapists, etc.), or extortionists.

[Deut. 23: 1-25]

ki tetzei - parsha [im-my-brothers-keeper]

*Note to Study-in-Depth: Ammon & Moab -10th Generation*

{DEUTERONOMY TWENTY THREE: VERSE THREE/ Deut. 23: 3}

: Edom(aka Esau) & Egypt, ABHOR NOT!

{DEUTERONOMY TWENTY THREE: VERSE SEVEN/ Deut. 23: 7}

The children of Israel, also had learned from Moses, by way of the God of Israel(El-Elohe Israel_אל אלהי ישראל), the manners, in & of, the laws for divorce or separation in marital affairs.

[Deut. 24: 1-4]

- (still) from the film "La'Genese' [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

– (still) from the film “La’Genese‘ [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

An example of the Cḥalïtah; Gen. 38:8, in the story of Judah with his sons & his daughter-in-law, Tamar(widow of Er ben-Yihuda[Er, the son of Judah].

…& more detailed, laws, statutes & commandments, were placed in the midst of the children of Israel, for them to heed to in the divers regulations.  But, with all of these regulations, and adherence to God’s laws, the Hebrews were not to forget about the Amalekites; as eternal enemies.

israel & amalek

(Exod. 17: 16_For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn [that] the LORD [will have] war with Amalek from generation to generation.)

[Deut. 24: 5- 25:19]

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RSS # 34 (ምድረ በዳ/בְּמִדְבַּר)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Mídbár בְּמִדְבַּר, on the 4th – ד, & on the 5th – ה, from a Jewish/Hebrew mode of study for those out in the diaspora, living outside of Jerusalem or Israel; on of the month of  Sïw[v]án סִיוָן, in the year of 5779. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in the year 2011/7511 E.C., and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as Mídrä Bädá – ምድረ በዳ, on the 30th – ፫, of the month of Gínbōt – ግንቦት, & on the 1st – ፩, of the month (ወርኀ) of Sänæy – ሰኔ.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Numbers 1:1 – 4:20

Hosea 2: 1-23

Romans 9: 22-23

Luke 24: 50, 51

Acts 1: 9-11

 

Forwarding, in our studies, we’ve come to another book in the Torah.  This study portion has brought us to BaMídbár(translated into English as; Numbers; or Midbar-מִדְבַּר =pasture/open field/desert, & Ba(e’)= בְּ , with Midbar, making the Hebrew word BaMidbar, either meaning, “In the Book of Numbers,” or “In the wilderness“)/the same in the Ethiopian-Amharic language with the word, Midrä Bädáምድረ በዳ= the wilderness”.

After completing the Book of Leviticus, (which by Ras Tafari interpretation, could be known also as the “Livitiy Book“) the over-standing of what encompasses the Leviticus, is the blessing and cursing, by way of the abiding in the laws and commandments set forth for the children of Israel.

bamibar - parsha [encampment of the Bnei Ysrael]

Moses & Aaron, numbered the children of Israel, then appointed heads of the households from the tribes.(…twelve men, each of their father’s house…)

[Numb. 1: 44]

encampment of israel-tabernacle in the wilderness

Moses & Aaron also received instructions from God, not to number the tribe of Lew(v)i with the rest of the children of Israel.  They were to have a separate responsibility among the people.  Just as they were to administer the duties of priests in Israel, in the Tabernacle, they were to continue in that way.  The tribes were then assembled orderly into an encampment around the Tabernacle.

[Numb. 1:49- 2:34]

Tetzaweh - parsha (High Priest-Kohen HaGadol-LiQe Kahinat)

In this encampment every tribe would raise a standard(or banner), with an ensign for the tribes.

[Numb. 2: 1-32]

bamidbar - parsha (conhaniim-kahinat)

Moses & Aaron, were to also assemble the Tribe of Le(w)i and consecrate them to keep the charge of Aaron(the High Priest), and for the entire congregation of Israel.  They were to keep the instruments of the Tabernacle and perform the service for the congregation.

[Numb. 3]

 

cohen hagadol - high priest of the tabernacle [liqe kahinat]

[Numb. 4]

Ordinances for the garments of the High Priest, established in the Tribe of Levi.

The lineage of Aaron, the brother of Moses & Miriam.

RSS# 49 (በወጣህ ጊዜ / כִּי־תֵצֵא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Ki-Teitẓ’eiכִּי־תֵצֵא, on the 13th – יג, & on the 14th – יד, of the month of Elūl – אֱלוּל, in the year of 5778. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2010/7510; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known (in the same sense) as BeWäṭáh Gïzéy – በወጣህ ጊዜ.  This would calculate as the 18th – ፲፰, & the 19th – ፲፱, of the month of Nähâsæy – ነሐሴ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 21:10 – 25:19

Isaiah 54: 1-10

Matthew 5: 27-30

I Corinthians 5: 1-5

In this parsha/kifil (study portion) of the Scriptures, we shall go through topics that cover, laws, statutes & commandments, mostly in the civil & domestic life of the children of Israel.  We’ll begin in the post-warfare ordinances, that deal with other governing principles, including inheritance, child rearing, humane civility, farming & host of other issues.  This portion of the Scriptures, set out supplementary laws that would aid the Hebrew people as they continued to draw near to God.

Torah Aliyot scroll for Parshat Ki Tetzei. Scroll possibly from the "Rabbinical period in southern Europe [Lisbon, Portugal] _ Jewish/Hebraic teachings thrived alongside the 700 + year period of the Moorish conquering of Europe; ca. 711 AD - 1492 AD ; (also see; the Edict of Expulsion, or the Expulsion of Moors & Jews - 1492.

Torah Aliyot scroll for Parshat Ki Tetzei (Teitzei). Scroll possibly from the “Rabbinical period in southern Europe” [Lisbon, Portugal] _ Jewish/Hebraic teachings thrived alongside the 700 + year period of the Moorish conquering of Europe; ca. 711 AD – 1492 AD ; (also see; the Edict of Expulsion, or the Expulsion of Moors & Jews – 1492.

The children of Israel were presented with the orders of God, through Moses, to deal with domestic regulations in the ways that were suitable and pleasing to God.  The treatment of captives, especially of the women of other nations was one in question, in the ordinances of warfare.

[Deut. 21: 10-17]

ki tetzei - parsha [israelite army-Deut.21vrs1]

Also, in this category of issues, the children of Israel were to administer to the wayward son, in ways that would be beneficial to, not only be sustainable to one’s household, but to the entire nation’s, as well.

[Deut. 21: 18-23]

CHRIST's Parable of the Prodigal Son [Luke 15: 11-32]

CHRIST‘s Parable of the Prodigal Son [Luke 15: 11-32]

The children of Israel, were not to be a wayward people, speaking with “fork-tongues“, living in ungodly ways, but always making way to become righteous by words & deeds.  Thus, the Laws of Brotherhood, not only within the Hebrew community, but to other nations also; the same would be the norm for ANY Israelite.

[Deut. 22: 1-8]

ki tetzei - parsha [opening verse aliya]

When it came to Hebrew farming principles, from the basics to large-scale agriculture practices, the children of Israel were to adhere certain commandments all-in-the-same.  This takes in account, the treatment of the animals within their possession, also.

[Deut. 22: 9-12]

1)”…Speak to the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:…”[Numb. 15: 38]; 2)…”thou shall make thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy vesture, wherewith thou coverest thyself…” [Deut. 22: 12] {Tz’itz’iyot-צִיצִת or Gadil-גָּדִל}

1)”…Speak to the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:…”[Numb. 15: 38];
2)…”thou shall make thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy vesture, wherewith thou coverest thyself…”
[Deut. 22: 12]

In the upkeep of the laws, statutes, & commandments of God to the children of Israel; upon the sudden death of a Hebrew, who had a wife (but, was now a childless widowhad married, but bore no children), & was survived by a brother-in-law(her husband’s brother), the surviving brethren was obliged to uphold specific responsibilities in procuring the lineage of his deceased brother.  This law was one of intricacy, among others dealing with the “Innocent Wife”, being provided with protection within Israel.

(see Levirate Marriage; Yibbum; Chalitza – חליצה; & Gen. 38:8) [for fuller comprehension read Gen.38: 6-26]

[Deut. 22: 13-19]

Halitz'ah/CHalitz'a ceremony _ "the shoe loosing" _ A widow loosening the shoe of her brother-in-law; significying that she is now free to marry whom she chooses, & the Hebraic law of the Levirate Marriage is lifted.

Halitz’ah/CHalitz’a ceremony _ “the shoe loosing” _ A widow loosening the shoe of her brother-in-law; signifying that she is now free to marry whom she chooses, & the Hebraic law of the Levirate Marriage is lifted.

In the arrangements for dealing with divers regulatory issues among the children of Israel, the Hebrews were to adhere to God’s principles in dealing with peoples of other nations, entreating their camp, holy places and such, but also, not succumbing to being a oppressors or whores & whoremongers, (ie. sexual offenders, rapists, etc.), or extortionists.

[Deut. 23: 1-25]

ki tetzei - parsha [im-my-brothers-keeper]

*Note to Study-in-Depth: Ammon & Moab -10th Generation*

{DEUTERONOMY TWENTY THREE: VERSE THREE/ Deut. 23: 3}

: Edom(aka Esau) & Egypt, ABHOR NOT!

{DEUTERONOMY TWENTY THREE: VERSE SEVEN/ Deut. 23: 7}

The children of Israel, also had learned from Moses, by way of the God of Israel(El-Elohe Israel_אל אלהי ישראל), the manners, in & of, the laws for divorce or separation in marital affairs.

[Deut. 24: 1-4]

- (still) from the film "La'Genese' [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

– (still) from the film “La’Genese‘ [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

An example of the Cḥalïtah; Gen. 38:8, in the story of Judah with his sons & his daughter-in-law, Tamar(widow of Er ben-Yihuda[Er, the son of Judah].

…& more detailed, laws, statutes & commandments, were placed in the midst of the children of Israel, for them to heed to in the divers regulations.  But, with all of these regulations, and adherence to God’s laws, the Hebrews were not to forget about the Amalekites; as eternal enemies.

israel & amalek

(Exod. 17: 16_For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn [that] the LORD [will have] war with Amalek from generation to generation.)

[Deut. 24: 5- 25:19]

RSS#39 ( የሕጉ ትእዛዝ ይህ ነው / חֻקַּת )

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with C(K)ḥukat חֻקַּת, on the 6th – ו, & on the 7th – ז, of the month of Tammuz – תמוז, in the year of 5777. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2009/7509; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as YeHíggu T’îzáz Yih’ Näw – የሕጉ ትእዛዝ ይህ ነው, on the 23rd – ፳፫, & on the 24th – ፳፬, of the month (ወርኀ) of Sänæy – ሰኔ.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Numbers 19:1- 22:1

Judges 11: 1-33

Hebrews 9: 11-28

John 3: 10-21

On this Sabbath, we study where Moses and his brother Aaron, receive the ordinance of the law, in which God commanded them to take a “red heifer,” in the order for sacrifice/offering.  Instead of this offering being of the male of the first year, this one was to be of the female; also, she was not to be offered in the Tabernacle (Mishkan/Dinkʷan) but, to be offered outside of the camp, for her blood was to be sprinkled seven(7) times before the Tabernacle of the congregation, with the finger of Eleazar (Levite priest-son of Aaron).

[Numb. 19: 1-10]

chukat - parsha [the red heifer_on_logs]

The law for the death of a man in a tent, was also given to the children of Israel, in this portion of the Scriptures.  Seven(7) days shall the tent, any open vessel, which hath no covering, whosoever touched the one slain/deceased, in the open field, or the grave would be unclean.

[Numb. 19: 11-21]

chukat - parsha [maps-bible-archeology-exodus-route-overview-kadesh-barnea-jordan] bible.ca

Upon the trek of the children of Israel, when they had come to Kadesh-Barnea, Miriam the Prophetess, (Moses’ sister) was gathered to her people(passed to the spirit world)

[Numb. 20:1]

Miriam (Moses & Aaron's sister) a Prophetess_(Ex. 15:20, 21)

Miriam – (ማርያም [ምርያም]) – מרים (Moses & Aaron’s sister) passes at Kadesh-Barnea in the month of Nisan. [Numb. 20: 1] ; 
Prophetess (Ex. 15:20, 21)

As the journey in the wilderness continued, the children of Israel grew restless once again.  The congregation gathered themselves together against Moses and Aaron.  They spoke ill off them, bringing them further into the wilderness to die of thirst, for there was no water.  Moses and Aaron went before the Tabernacle and fell on their faces(bowing in a plea to God).  God appeared to them, and spoke to Moses, instructing him to take his rod and gather the assembly of the children of Israel with Aaron.  Then he was to speak to the Rock, in front of the Hebrews and there water would come from the Rock; enough for the entire community of Israel.  Moses, along with Aaron gathered the people and brought them before the Rock, but in frustration with the constant murmuring and doubt of the children of Israel, instead of speaking to the Rock, Moses struck it with his rod, twice and water came from quenching the thirst of all the people and their cattle.

[Numb. 20: 2-13]

water from the rock2

Because of Moses’ disobedience, and because he waxed hot (became angered with the children of Israel; allowing his frustration to interfere with the instruction given to him by God);  God told him that he would not bring the people into the land, which was promised to their forefathers.  & the waters, which came from the Rock in that place, because the children of Israel strove with God; would be called Meribah (which was to mean= quarrel, to strive, or provocation)

[Numb. 20: 13]

Water From The Rock _wall painting of Moses in a Roman Catacomb dating to the 4th century AD.

Water From The Rock _wall painting of Moses in a Roman Catacomb dating to the 4th century AD.

Moses then sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, requesting safe passage through the land of Edom, assuring that nothing would stolen and the Hebrews come not to quarrel with any of the inhabitants of the land.  But, Edom would not allow Israel to pass through the land.  Edom warned Israel that if Israel was to pass through Edom would come out with the sword.  Moses speaking for Israel, assured again the nothing would taken and if so, it would be recompensed but, Edom refused once again; and came out to divert Israel from their path.  Israel, then turned away from Edom and journeyed from Kadesh to Mount Hor.  

[Numb. 20: 14-22]

{keep in mind: while going through this portion of the Scriptures lesson “Edom” equated/represents the , who became known as Edom; & when the Scriptures speak of “Israel,” even from a singular tone, it is speaking of the children of Israel/the Israelites.  Jacob, twin brother of Esau, would become known as “Israel” & father what would be known as the Twelve Tribes Of Israel.}

Aaron-אַהֲרֹן (Moses' brother) High Priest of Israel

Aaron – אַהֲרֹן – አሮን
(Moses’ brother)
High Priest of Israel
Byzantine (Eastern Orthodox Christian) painting

God, then spoke to Moses and Aaron at Mount Hor.  God said to them that Aaron (Moses’ brother), would be gathered to his people, and not enter into the land promised, to the children of Israel’s forefathers,for the rebellious actions at the waters of Meribah.  So upon Mount Hor, Aaron’s place as the Kahin HaGadol(High Priest) would pass along to his eldest son, Eleazar.  Moses was to take the garments and vestments of the High Priest and placed on and in the possession of his nephew, Eleazar.  Aaron then passes, leaving the Priesthood in the hands of son Eleazar, at Mount Hor.

[Numb. 20: 23-29]

Mount Hor - הֹר הָהָר - ሖር ተራራ

Mount Hor – הֹר הָהָר – ሖር ተራራ

A Canaanite king, whose name was Arad, heard word of the children of Israel making trek to Canaan and he went out to fight against them and took some of them prisoners.  Israel, made vow with God, that if those of the Canaanite king Arad, who took some of the Hebrews as prisoners, were delivered into their hands, they would utterly destroy their cities.  God heard them, and gave way to for them to keep their word, and it was made so, to the extent that the place where the king Arad, the Canaanite dominion was, would be called Hormah,for it was close to Mount Hor, where the passing of Aaron, was.

[Numb. 21: 1-3]

wildernessmap

After the victory over Arad, the Canaanite king, the children of Israel journeyed from Mount Hor, by the way of the Red Sea, to go around the land of Edom, and then the soul of the people grew weary, becoming discouraged.  Again, they spoke against Moses, moaning and groaning for food and water.  God sent fiery serpents, among the people and were bitten by them.  Many of the children of Israel died because of this, and turned to Moses, asking him to forgive them their doubt, and intercede with God for them.  Moses prayed for them and God instructed Moses, to make a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole so that every one that looked upon it would live.  Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it on a pole and what God said, had come to pass.  Those that looked upon the Brazen Serpent lived,  in spite of being bitten by the other serpents.

[Numb. 21: 4-9]

chukat - parsha [the brazen serpent- son of man]

The children of Israel set forward and then, making their journey East around Edom; (From Kadesh-through-Moab) until they came to Beer (pronounced Ba-e’yr) where they then were given water to drink from God.

[Numb. 21: 10-20]

chukat - parsha [the brazen serpent] www-personal.umich.edu

Israel, sent messengers to Sihon the king of the Amorites, requesting permission safe passage through the land of the Amorites, in the same manner that Israel requested of Arad, whom was a Canaanite king.  Israel would not take anything that was not their own and would not quarrel with any of the inhabitants of the land of the Amorites.  Sihon, wouldn’t let Israel pass through either, and gathered all his people together, to go out against Israel.  At Jahaz, the Amorites fought against Israel; Israel smote the Amorites with sword and then, possessed the lands from Arnon-to-Jabbok, even to the borders of the children of Ammon.

wilderness (zared river)

While Israel, dwelt in the land conquered of the Amorites, they also drove out the Amorites in Jaazer.  The children of Israel then, went north, and Og, the king of Bashan, cam out against them but, God told Moses “…to fear him not…,” for he to would be delivered into his hand.  There Israel, smote them and possessed the land there, as well.  Wherein, at that point, the children of Israel pitched camp in the plains of Moab, on the side of Jordan (river), near Jericho.

[Numb. 21: 21-35]

wilderness (from oboth-ijeabarimMoab-zared-arnon-ar-beer-mattanah-nahaliel-bamoth-pisgah-jahaz-hesbon-KHmeosh-dibon-nophah-medeba)

*  [ ADDITIONAL NOTES FOR FURTHER STUDY: ] *

1) Islamic, Sura al-Baqurah (سورة البقرة), has a strong connection with this week’s Torah portion/study.

http://www.thequranrecitation.com/al-baqarah.html?language=english

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Baqara

2) Could the teachings of the Kundalini Energy have a connection with the Brazen Serpent?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kundalini

http://www.crystalinks.com/kundalini.html

-2a. Did the aspects of the Brazen Serpent influence modern medicine?

The Caduceus – the symbol for Healing? _ (works cited from Essays by Ekowa)

http://www.essaysbyekowa.com/iconography.htm

3) Biblical reference to the serpent, in lieu of, wisdom/intelligence or a positive perspective….

Matthew 10: 16 _

Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves:

be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.

RSS#35 (ውሰድ / נָשֹׂא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings! This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (or Yefdeyah). I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures. So, with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of the Torah portions with Naso – נָשֹׂא, from a Jewish/Hebrew mode of study for those out in the diaspora, living outside of Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the 5777, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 8th – ח, & on the 9th – ט, of the month of Sïw[v]án-(סִיוָן) for this week, in this mode of study; for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel. (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2009/2029/7509, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to W’säd – ውሰድ; on the 25th – ፳፭, & on the 26th – ፳፮, of the ወርኀ(Wärha – month) of G’nbot (ግንቦት) for this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Numbers 4: 21- 7:89

Judges 13: 2-25

Acts 21: 17-26

Naso, the study portion of the Scriptures for this Sabbath, deals with the collecting of the numbers of the children of Israel.  Moses, was instructed by God, to number the children of Israel by Hebrew tribal lineage(family[-ies]).  And so, did he and his brother Aaron.

naso - parsha (Camp Israel)

All of the tribes, were assembled and numbered but, the Levite tribe, was to be not counted along with the Tribes of Israel, but to be numbered of their own families for the service of Tabernacle.  While in the wilderness, the tribe of Le(w)vi, were to be of Aaron’s line, and serve God and the children of Israel as the priesthood.

[Numb. 4: 21-28]

Levitical arrangement in the Encampment round about the Tabernacle in the Wildernerss

Levitical arrangement in the Encampment round about the Tabernacle in the Wildernerss

Now, in a sense, this “numbering” was more like completing a type of census.  The numbering of the priesthood, those able men who should serve in the office of the Tabernacle, from age thirty-to-fifty.  After the counting was complete, the duties of the priesthood were listed to the specific sections of the families of Levites(priesthood).  

the Levites(Lewawiyan-Amh/Lewi'yim-Hbr)

the Levites(Lewawiyan-Amh/Lewi’yim-Hbr) _ painting by James J. Tissot

The priestly duties were assigned to families of the Levites where; the Gershonites, were to keep the charge of the curtains and coverings of the Tabernacle, the hangings for the doors of the court, and for the gate of the court round about the altar, the cords and all the instruments of the service.

[Numb. 4: 24-28]

the Holy Place of Tabernacle (1st vail)

the Holy Place of Tabernacle (1st vail)

The Merari, were to keep the charge of the boards, all of the bars, all of the pillars of the court round about , the sockets, and the pins, and their cords, along with all the instruments of their service in the priesthood in the Tabernacle.

[Numb. 4: 29-33]

tabernacle coverings (from depiction in Believer’s Mag.)

Tabernacle Coverings (from depiction in Believer’s Mag.)

Now, the Kohathites, were to be numbered within the families of Levites(priesthood) but their responsibilities in service were laid out by God, from the previous portion of the Scripture study.

[Numb. 4: 1-20]

Sanctuary of the Tabernacle

Sanctuary of the Tabernacle

When Aaron and his sons, had made coverings for all of the sanctuary, and all the vessels, as the camp set forward {[to move]}; after that the sons of Kohath shall come to bear it: but they shall not touch any holy thing, lest they die. 

[Numb. 4: 15-20;  Chpt. 4: 34-37]

Kohathites bearing the Ark of the Covenant.

Then, G-d instructed Moses and Aaron, along with the assistance of the priesthood to purify the camp of the children of Israel.  Helping the children of Israel to heal through keeping the statutes and commandments of God, and purging themselves, being a sanctified people to their God. The Hebrews also, learned the ways in which, they were to interact with each other; making amends if one was to offend another.

[Numb. 5: 1-10]

the Leper

the Leper

If a husband were to accuse his wife, in a fit of jealousy of being unfaithful, the Sotah סוטה ]was a means to bring clarity to the situation.

[Numb. 5: 1-31]

Also, the vow of the Nazirite (also seen as “Nazerite“), was a focus point of this study portion, as God spoke to Moses in instructing the children of Israel.  G-d said to Moses, if any of the children of Israel wish to separate themselves to God by a vow, then there were rules to follow in accordance to such.

[Numb. 6: 1-21]

Samson ben-Manoah

Samson ben-Manoah (Nazarite from the Womb)

The priestly blessing that was also told to Moses by G-d.  Moses, was to teach Aaron and his sons, the blessing so that they should perform service of blessing the children of Israel, to put G-d’s name upon them, so they could receive it.

[Numb. 6: 24-26]

Birakt Kohaniim - Priestly Blessing

Birkat Kohaniim – Priestly Blessing

All things going into their rightful places, ordered by God’s word; from there, the Tabernacle was consecrated as Moses completed setting up the Tabernacle, anointing it and all of the instruments for the services.  the Princes of Israel, or the twelve(12) heads of their fathers households, brought each of their own offerings from the tribes they came out of.

[Numb. 7]

 

48th (፵፰/מח) RSS#: Portion Study

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Shoftim – שֹׁפְטִים, on the 6th – ו, & the 7thז, of the month of Elul – אֱלוּל, in the year of 5776. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2008/7508 & 2009/7509; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Färájoch – ፈራጆች.  This would calculate as the 4th – ፬, & the 5th – ፭, of the month of Pagumæ – ጳጉሜ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 16:18- 21:9

Isaiah 51:12- 52:12

John 1: 19-27

Acts 3: 22-23

shoftim - parsha

This Sabbath study portion; Shoftim-שֹׁפְטִים , (in the Hebrew language, has equivalences to: magistrates[officers] or judges);

(in the Amharic language, the equivalent is plurally: Ferajoch-ፈራጆች; which more than likely could derived from words like: Feraj-ፈራጅ[could be considered as an police officer, or jailer; of the sort, from a modern sense]; also Tefárajተፋራጅ; which could be considered as a judge or magistrate from the modern sense, as well: from the Amharic is equivalent to “one who brings justice.”)

- compilation from betelaustin.net

– compilation from betelaustin.net

So, this Torah portion is at the point where Moses now instructs the children of Israel to set up judges and officers, throughout all of the tribes, whom should utilize just judgments in certain affairs.

[Deut. 16: 18-22]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

In all of the gates that in possession of the children of Israel, no blemished, or defiled thing should be offered as sacrifice/offering to God.  Neither, were the children of Israel to go after(worship) any other gods.  They also were instructed to put evil away from among them.

[Deut. 17: 1-13]

סַנְהֶדְרִין Sanhedrin

סַנְהֶדְרִין
Sanhedrin

A king/ruler was also to be appointed over the children of Israel.  One, whom would not give himself utterly to seek after wealth & riches, or many women to wife(marry), so that his heart be turned away from God; his laws, ordinances, statutes and commandments.  While upon the throne, the king was to write a copy the LAW, set before the priests; wherein he was to read & learn, all the days of his life so that the days of his life be prolonged.  The king was to keep the all the commandments, like anyone else, & not think of himself, as being above any of his brethren, aside from his appointment by God.

[Deut. 17: 14-20]

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

Within the land, the tribe of Levi(Lewi), were to have no inheritance with the children of Israel.  For God, was their portion of the inheritance,  Offerings to God, would partaken on behalf of God, by the priests of the Levites; from among the sacrifices/offerings, would be the “priest’s due.”

[Deut. 18: 1-8]

shoftim - parsha [levites blow the trumpets]

Idolatry & the abominations, were not to be found among the children of Israel, for they were to inherit all nations.

[Deut. 18: 9-14]

God also said to Israel, that he would raise up a Prophet from among them.  The words of his mouth would be of him, and they should take heed.  For, at the mountain of Horeb, they feared the power, the voice and great fire of God, so much that they asked to not see it again, lest they perish.

(see; Deut. 1: 6, Deut. 4: 10, & Deut. 5: 1-21_ God spoke to Israel at Horeb)

(God is a consuming fire: Deut. 4 :24, Heb. 12: 29)

Mount Horeb -

Mount Horeb – הַר חֹרֵב- ተራራ ኮሬብ aka “the Mountain of God/YHWH”

The only for the children of Israel to know if the Prophet was of God, would be for them to verify by a testing of his word.  The testing would come in a criteria that would fit, as follows: 1. his/her, spoken words of prophecy coming to pass(or fulfillment; actualization), 2. he/she, would come in the NAME of God, & 3. if the prophecies followed along the guidelines of the LAW(Torah).

(could also be seen as the coming of the MesHIHa/Messiah)

[Deut. 18: 15-22]

The cities of refuge from within the gates of Israel’s inheritance were to also be set up.  Especially, in the plight of the case of the slayer.  When God was to cut out the wicked nations these cities were to set, to ensure that just judgment were rendered.

[Deut. 19: 1-21]

shoftim - parsha (cities of refuge)

The Law regarding Warfare, was for the children of Israel to fear not, even if their enemies were greater in number or strength; for God would be with them.  The priests were to encourage them, & men who set up houses, or married rather recently not having consecrated their homes or wives, should return or in the extreme, not go off to warfare, for their seeds were to be procured.(as spoken by the officers of Israel)  Israel was to show peace to those who would show themselves peaceful, & go to war against those who would make war with them.  But, they were to utterly destroy the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites and the Jebusites, as God commanded them.

[Deut. 20]

Deut. 20: 2

Deut. 20: 2

An Inquest or judiciary inquiry, in the case of death, of unknown/unaccounted corpse, for one slain in the field; would become the responsibility of the Priesthood to minister for the children of Israel, for they were chosen by God to work in service of Israel.

[Deut. 21:1-9]

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London's Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled "The World's Oldest Tribunal" dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din or Court of the Chief Rabbi.

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London’s Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled “The World’s Oldest Tribunal” dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din [בית דין] or “the house of judgment.”

 

** NOTES FOR FURTHER STUDY: **

– the Hebraic Sanhedrin, & the Beth-Din (Bet Din[House of Judgment]) : Hebrew/Jewish Court Systems; Tribal Court/Tribunal (Black’s Law Dict.) : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beth_din : http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/BetDin.html

Kingdom of Ethiopia {Abyssinia by Ottoman/Muslim empire & other outsiders_also modern connotations adopted by modern Ethiopians} (የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ) kings list : http://www.friesian.com/ethiopia.htm : http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1915&dat=19750322&id=S-sgAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7XEFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2528,3614199

Fəthá Nägäst {Fetha Nagast[Law of the Kings]} http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/biography/01thelawofkings.pdf ; http://www.cap-press.com/pdf/1888.pdf

42nd (፵፪/מב) & 43rd (፵፫/מג) RSS#: Portion Studies

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Mâṭṭōt-מַּטּוֹת, on the 1st –  א, & the 2nd – ב, of the month of Ab(v) – אָב, in the year of 5776. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2008/7508; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Nägädōch – ነገዶች, on the 29th – ፳፱, & on the 30th – ፴, of the month (ወርኀ) of Hämlæy – ሐምሌ.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Numbers 30:2 – 32:42

Jeremiah 1:1 – 2:3

Matthew 5: 33-37

To follow up, on the last parsha/kífíl(portion) of the Scripture study, we’ve now to come to Mâṭṭōt-Nəgədōch, which both the Hebrew & Amharic words could be equivalent to “Tribes” in the English.

bechukotai - parsha (kinza- mattot negedoch)

At this point, Moses speaks to the heads of the tribes of Israel, on what God spoke about pertaining to vows.  When one of the children of Israel, were to make a vow or swear an oath to God, they were to uphold the words of that vow/oath.

If men were to make vows/oaths,(especially to God) they were to speak those words, which consisted of it and keep those words, which they had spoken.

[Numb. 30: 2-16]

chasid-chaiymanotegnawi8

If women were to make vows/oaths,(especially to God) even in the house of their fathers; if the father heard the vow & didn’t speak against it, then vow/(s) would stand & she would have to be completely responsible for every word of her vow/oath; the same applied if the woman had a husband, as well.

[Numb. 30: 3-16]

mattot - parsha (vow)3

{-when the Bible speak on these vows, it shows the countenance of the Hebrew men, willing to take on the burdens of accountability & responsibility for the women of their congregation.  Though women, could make oaths/vows, they were only held fully accountable; 1) if their father or husbands would allow them to take on the burdens of fulfilling a vow/oath, seeing as how Hebrew men, & men in general, would rather shoulder a burden/(s) for their households than see their women bear those strenuous experiences.  But women, of course, were free to choose to bear those burdens or not.  2) including those women who were widowed, & those that happened to be divorced}

mattot - parsha (vow)

God then spoke to Moses, to prepare the children of Israel, to avenge themselves, and those they lost during the plague, for the troubles that the Midianites brought upon them at the sin of Baal-Peor. (those Midianites that sought to destroy them along with the Moabites of Balak’s reign; ref. 41st Parsha Study), Moses sent a thousand, of each tribe of Israel along with Phineas. (son of Eleazar, grandson of Aaron) So, Israel warred against Midian & overtook them.

[Numb. 31: 1-24]

mattot - parsha [midian-arabia]

A general presumption of the whereabouts of Midian

The remains of Midian were shared among the children of Israel.  The cattle, riches, estates, and land; divided it all among the tribes.  The children of Israel even made an offering to God, for their triumph, for every one of them that took up arms had enough to spread/share among themselves.

[Numb. 31: 25-54]

pic. provided by the American Bible Society

pic. provided by the American Bible Society

Now, the children of the tribes of Reuben & Gad, came to Moses, Eleazar, and the princes of the congregation vying for land from the parts of Israel’s journey to the land of Canaan.  Though, the tribes of Reuben and Gad grew, and had much cattle, they sought to utilize the cattle in the part of the land that, seemingly was fit for raising and maintaining the like.

[Numbers Chpt. 32]

The children of the tribes of Gad & Reuben speak with Moses, on issues of Land _ painting by Aurthur Boyd Houghton

The children of the tribes of Gad & Reuben speak with Moses, on issues of Land _ (painting by Aurthur Boyd Houghton)

**DOUBLE – PORTION**

This Sabbath study, comprises Mattot & Masei, as a doubling for the readings of the Scriptures, to keep an adequate number of readings for this year’s cycle.

Readings:

Numbers 33:1- 36:13

Jeremiah 2: 4-28; chpt. 3:4

James 4: 1-12

These readings for Masei – מַסְעֵי , are usually read in conjunction with the previous readings for Matōt; in the Hebrew Torah alignment.  These portion (parsha/kífíl) of the Scriptures in the Ethiopic-Christian sense, come to us as, Gūzō – ጉዞ.

masei - parsha2

So, as we continue in our studies, in preparation of the conclusion of the Holy Bible’s Book of Numbers; the journeys from out of Egypt to the land of Canaan is shown again to us, to retrace the steps of the children of Israel.  From Rămesēs to Succoth, in and around the fifthteenth day of the Hebrews’ first month, Israel journeyed out of Egypt.  What really can be assessed by “journeys”, is that the wilderness wandering Israelites had not came to grips with the realization that the their 40 years was a testing ground.

[Numb. 33: 1-49]

masei - parsha (cities of refuge)2

Then God gave specific instructions for taking possession of the land which was promised.  In the plains of Moab, God spoke these words to Moses, for him to tell the children of Israel.

[Numb. 33: 50-56]

masei - parsha [12 tribes land depositary]

More instructions were explained, with the extent of specifying the borders of the land, and the portions which would be apportioned to each tribe.

[Numbers Chpt. 34]

naso - parsha [12_Tribes__Encampment_Positions]

Now, God also spoke to Moses about preserving things for the tribe of Le(w)vi, seeing as how God had placed on them, that they should not be apportioned land in the same sense as the rest of the tribes. (along with other aspects) The Levites were given portions of land which were adjacent to the rest of the tribes and their possessions of land.

[Numb. 35: 1-8]

masei - parsha (cities of refuge)

With the setting up of, certain places for the tribe of Le(w)vi, there also had to be a setting up of places for refuge/cities of refuge.  These cities of refuge were to be places of solitude, but most of all they were to be places of judgment to hold people accountable for their actions in this land which had been given the Hebrews.

[Numb. 35: 9-34]

masei - parsha [daughters of zelophehad_(manasseh-yosef)]

Now, remembering the daughters of Zelophehad, who came before the congregation to vie for the inheritance of their father, for he died and bear no son to inherit his due property, as a son of Israel.  ’s five daughters appealed to received his portion as their due inheritance, and Moses, after consultation of God, along with the congregation granted that the daughters of Zelophehad, take up their father’s possessions as their own.   But of course, the responsibility as daughters of Israel, were to be upheld in the taking up of inheritance among the Hebrews.

[Numb. 36: 1-13]