Tag Archives: Bements’atu Q’en

28th RSS#(፳፰/כח) Portion Study

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have comesight) into the study of the Scriptures.So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Se to the opening of the Torah portion with Metzora מְּצֹרָע , from a Jewish/Hebrew mode of study for those out in the diaspora, living outside of Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the 5776 this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 7th – ז, & on the 8th – ח, of the month of Abib(Aviv) – אביב/ Nisan – נִיסָן. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as BeMent‘atu Qen መንጻቱ ቀን; on the 7th – ፯, & on the 8th – ፰, of the month of Mïyazya – (ሚያዝያ).  On the Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Leviticus 14:1 -15:33

II Kings 7: 3-20

Matthew 8: 1-17

The portion of the study of the Scriptures for this week is Metz’orah- מְּצֹרָעMetz’orah has a meaning that comes in the English as either “one being diseased,” or “one infected.”  In the Ethiopic-Judeo-Christian perspective, this parsha(portion) of the Scriptures is named Bements’atu Q’en-በመንጻቱ ቀን.  This study deals with the interaction with what has come to be known as a “Leper.”  In this portion of Scripture study, God instructs Moses, on how to deal with those who may be of Israel who might become infected with the disease of leprosy.

[Lev. 14: 1-32]

Healing the Leper

Healing the Leper

The instruction was given to Moses for the sake of the children of Israel, but this didn’t exclude the instruction for healing to be exclusive of anyone who sought out an end to the cleansing.

[Lev. 14:32-57]

ethiopian kahinat3

In keeping true to his covenant with Israel, God has continued to show that his knowledge is Supreme and the intent is for the well-being of the children of Israel to be fruitful.  God continues to provide abundant information to Moses, to deliver to the community for them to apply to their everyday life.

Abyssinian priest. Abyssinia (what is now Ethiopia) has had a Christian church since the 1st century, with Orthodox Christianity established in the 4th century and attempts made to introduce Catholicism in the 16th century. This turbaned priest’s staff (crozier) includes a cross and Christ figure. This woodcut portrait is from ‘Cosmographie universelle’ (1575) by the French explorer and writer Andre Thevet (1516-1590). This book described the history and geography of the lands in which Thevet had travelled. The two volumes and four tomes contain over 1000 pages divided into 23 books. This portrait is from chapter XIII of book II.

This making the children of Israel equipped to not only sustain themselves from illness, but even from the last parsha/kifil; Tazria, which dealt with the “mothership,” in the childbearing stage of living.  In a generational sense, the children of Israel, were to keep these laws, statutes, and commandments.

[Lev. 15: 1-33]

27th & 28th (ክፍል/פרשה) Study: Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellasie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Tazrïaתַזְרִיעַ , (sometimes known as Ki-Tazria-כִּי תַזְרִיעַ)for this week, in this mode of study, for those out in the diaspora or outside Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the year 5775 this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 5th-ה, & the 6th-ו, day of the month of Iy’yar- אִייָר‎ . (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) but,  from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as B’tárägízብታረግዝ, on the  16th-፮, & the 17th-፯, on the ወርኀ(month)- ሚያዝያ(Mïyazya). The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ).

Readings:

Leviticus 12:1- 13:59

II Kings 4:42- 5:19

John 6:8-13

Matthew 8:1-4

Now, as we continue in out studies; this portions will be doubled in lieu of, the Shemittah (Jubilee) year calculation. [to conclude with an adequate number of portions studied for the year]  So, in summation of the study we have in front of us; In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the God of Israel, speaks to Moses in the manner of explanation on childbirth. This portion of Scriptures has a defined word that comes to a literal english meaning of…”when she conceives.” God explains to Moses the order of actions that should take place upon the birth of children among them. (Hebrews/Israelites)  For the women of Ras Tafari, I personally, take the responsibility in informing the sistren (sisterhood) of Ras Tafari, along with those who will inquire of these studies to pay a specific attention to this parsha(portion) of Scripture. Tazria, gives a word-sound (interpretation) on the method of recovery for women, who have given birth to a child; whether it be male or female.

The Mother & child_ painting by Great Ethiopian Artist Afewerk Tekle. (once commissioned by H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I to create his works of art to be a representation of Ethiopian culture/faith).

Mr. Afewerk Tekle
Ethiopian Artist

 

Though, it has been recognized and expounded upon, the Bible contains more than religious & spiritual anecdotes, but contains passages that are beneficial for life experiences.

I, personally have found that most of the critiques of the Bible and those who study, to seek & find answers to these questions rarely have a solid explanation or even sufficient disagreement as to why, when & where these happenings take place, but let me not deter OUR main goal here,…which the study for this Sabbath.

black madonna and child (real time rendition of Maryam and Christ)

The Scripture study for this Sabbath lays a foundation for the rest period of a mother who has recently given birth & how things should go about for the retrieval of her strength, physically and mentally; dealing with it from a Hebraic/Israelitish Torah perspective.

[ Lev.; Chpt. 12 (entire chapter) ]

tazria - parsha (she conceives-mother & child)

But, even in this case, the method presented can either be enlightening and show a parallel to “modern world” childbirth…or by the wording, which comes to us in a slew of mistranslation can deter one from looking to the Scriptures to seek some understanding of the universal issues of life. {with that said, RE-consider the (5) five-fold, depiction of the Early languages of the Bible shown above before discrediting the words used in this study of Leviticus, before condemning them as useless or demeaning to women= words like unclean seem to stir dismay. The word unclean- comes to a meaning of defiled or polluted, in a moral sense when decoded from Biblical Scripture, in this use of it in the context of a few verses in Leviticus.} For example, a woman’s health is given no thought, unless clear signs are identified when she is going about her daily routine, when she has not given birth to a child.

from chabad.org

from chabad.org

(so, the human exchange of a simple embrace-hug, handshake, monetary exchange etc., is of no significance to anyone, with a woman who has not given birth. But, on the flip-side of that, is a woman, blessed for giving birth to another human being in the manner of all female mammals upon the Earth. But, it should be a known fact that, rest and recovery are “I-tal“(vital) to a woman’s betterment; post-childbirth. Any woman in this world should agree to that premise, especially, seeing as they take full advantage of maternity leave for an occupation or what-have-you (& should), along with other benefits and accommodations that concentrate on women’s issues, & that alone. These issues & their benefits have no complaints from the opposite sex; at not in Hebraic or Hebrew-minded circles.[notwithstanding or neglecting other cultures who hold the maternity/health preservation of the respective communities in high regard.])

tazria - parsha (shabbat imabba)

So, in encouragement to the women who will see this post from Ras Tafari Renaissance, please remember that here we insist that the mind, and heart remain open to receive what can be useful in spiritual growth.

God also instructed Moses, to teach the children of Israel, the ritual and cultural practices, along with the sacrifices or offerings that were to be made for the ushering of a newborn into the community of Israel.

[Lev. 13 (entire chapter)]

*THIS WEEK’S SABBATH IS ALSO A DOUBLE-PORTION OF STUDY*

*THIS STUDY IS ALSO THE 1ST SABBATH OF A NEW MONTH(Iyar)*

nonetheless the Torah portion of Metzoraמְּצֹרָע , is also studied this cycle from a Jewish/Hebrew mode of study for those out in the diaspora, living outside of Jerusalem or Israel.  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as BeMenT’satu Qenመንጻቱ ቀን; aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ).

Readings:

Leviticus 14:1 -15:33

II Kings 7: 3-20

Matthew 8: 1-17

The portion of the study of the Scriptures for this week is Metz’orah- מְּצֹרָעMetz’orah has a meaning that comes in the English as either “one being diseased,” or “one infected.”  In the Ethiopic-Judeo-Christian perspective, this parsha(portion) of the Scriptures is named Bements’atu Q’en-በመንጻቱ ቀን.  This study deals with the interaction with what has come to be known as a “Leper.”  In this portion of Scripture study, God instructs Moses, on how to deal with those who may be of Israel who might become infected with the disease of leprosy.

[Lev. 14: 1-32]

Healing the Leper

Healing the Leper

The instruction was given to Moses for the sake of the children of Israel, but this didn’t exclude the instruction for healing to be exclusive of anyone who sought out an end to the cleansing.

[Lev. 14:32-57]

ethiopian kahinat3

In keeping true to his covenant with Israel, God has continued to show that his knowledge is Supreme and the intent is for the well-being of the children of Israel to be fruitful.  God continues to provide abundant information to Moses, to deliver to the community for them to apply to their everyday life.

metzora - parsha (offering for the leper)

This making the children of Israel equipped to not only sustain themselves from illness, but even from the last parsha/kifil; Tazria, which dealt with the motherhood, in the childbearing stage of living.  Generationally, the children of Israel, were to keep these laws, statutes, and commandments.

[Lev. 15: 1-33]

28th Kifil Study: Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellasie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied either the Torah portion of Metzoraמְּצֹרָע  , from a Jewish/Hebrew mode of study for those out in the diaspora, living outside of Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the 5775 this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 4th-ד, & the 5th-ה, of the month of Nisan/Abib-נִיסָן.  (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as BeMenT’satu Qenመንጻቱ ቀን; on the 26th-፳፮, & the 27th-፳፯, day of ወርኀ(month) of Megabeet-መጋቢት.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ).

Readings:

Leviticus 14:1 -15:33

II Kings 7: 3-20

Matthew 8: 1-17

The portion of the study of the Scriptures for this week is Metz’orah- מְּצֹרָעMetz’orah has a meaning that comes in the English as either “one being diseased,” or “one infected.”  In the Ethiopic-Judeo-Christian perspective, this parsha(portion) of the Scriptures is named Bements’atu Q’en-በመንጻቱ ቀን.  This study deals with the interaction with what has come to be known as a “Leper.”  In this portion of Scripture study, God instructs Moses, on how to deal with those who may be of Israel who might become infected with the disease of leprosy.

[Lev. 14: 1-32]

Healing the Leper

Healing the Leper

The instruction was given to Moses for the sake of the children of Israel, but this didn’t exclude the instruction for healing to be exclusive of anyone who sought out an end to the cleansing.

[Lev. 14:32-57]

ethiopian kahinat3

In keeping true to his covenant with Israel, God has continued to show that his knowledge is Supreme and the intent is for the well-being of the children of Israel to be fruitful.  God continues to provide abundant information to Moses, to deliver to the community for them to apply to their everyday life.

metzora - parsha (offering for the leper)

This making the children of Israel equipped to not only sustain themselves from illness, but even from the last parsha/kifil; Tazria, which dealt with the motherhood, in the childbearing stage of living.  Generationally, the children of Israel, were to keep these laws, statutes, and commandments.

[Lev. 15: 1-33]

27th & 28th Parsha Study: Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

416951_10152196717220147_1724870670_n

I welcome you all to one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with an open mind and heart, you will receive more than what you might have asked for in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

Now, with that said, let us go right into this…

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Tazria-תַזְרִיעַ , for this week, in this mode of study, for those out in the diaspora or outside Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the year 5773 this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 2nd & 3rd day of the month of Iyar- אִייָר‎ . (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) but,  from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as Bitaregiz-ብታረግዝ, on the 4th()& 5th() day of ወርኀ(month)- ሚያዝያ(Meeyazya). The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ).

Readings:

Leviticus 12:1- 13:59

II Kings 4:42- 5:19

John 6:8-13

Matthew 8:1-4

Now, for in summation of the study we have in front of us; In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the God of Israel, speaks to Moses in the manner of explanation on childbirth. This portion of Scriptures has a defined word that comes to a literal english meaning of…”when she conceives.” God explains to Moses the order of actions that should take place upon the birth of children among them.(Hebrews/Israelites)  For the women of Ras Tafari, I personally, take the responsibility in informing the sistren(sisterhood) of Ras Tafari, along with those who will inquire of these studies to pay a specific attention to this parsha(portion) of Scripture. Tazria, gives a word-sound(interpretation) on the method of recovery for women, who have given birth to a child.

The Mother & child_ painting by Great Ethiopian Artist Afewerk Tekle. (once commissioned by H.I.M. Haile Sellasie I to create his works of art to be a representation of Ethiopian culture/faith).

The Mother & child_ painting by Great Ethiopian Artist Afewerk Tekle. (once commissioned by H.I.M. Haile Sellasie I to create his works of art to be a representation of Ethiopian culture/faith).

Mr. Afewerk Tekle
Ethiopian Artist

Now, I know what questions may arise from “Bible critiques”, or whoever so finds themselves displeased with the Bible teachings for whatever reason. But, let us consider this?,…If the Bible was as much a hindrance as those who ascribe to a; “…the Bible is the cause for many-a-dismay, in today’s society, globally…” 1) then, why was the Bible tampered with, pertaining to its content (question arises from the amount of Books that were canonized or commissioned to encompass what was to finally become the modernized version(s) of the Holy Bible),

2) why did the Bible have so many translations to come down from its original language to be properly understood by the masses of people?

This collage shows the Early Language with their script(writings) in Biblical form; from L-R= Amharic-Ge'ez script, Hebrew-Aramaic script, Arabic-(which was also at one time called Syretic-Hebrew, pertaining to the dialect of the speaker's origin), Koine Greek script, & the later Latin. All of these languages were complied writing of the Scriptures before the compositions took place to present them in English. {give or take, a few more languages & dialects}

This collage shows the Early Language with their script(writings) in Biblical form; from L-R= Amharic-Ge’ez script, Hebrew-Aramaic script, Arabic-(which was also at one time called Syretic-Hebrew, pertaining to the dialect of the speaker’s origin), Koine Greek script, & the later Latin. All of these languages were complied writing of the Scriptures before the compositions took place to present them in English. {give or take, a few more languages & dialects}

http://www.islamic-awareness.org/Quran/Sources/BBbible.html

3) & who were the appropriate authorities that took it upon themselves or received ordination to compile or divide the Scriptures for scrutiny?

I, personally have found that most of the critiques of the Bible and those who study, to seek & find answers to these questions rarely have a solid explanation or even sufficient disagreement as to why, when & where these happenings take place, but let me not deter OUR main goal here,…which the study for this Sabbath.

The Scripture study for this Sabbath lays a foundation for the rest period of a mother who has recently given birth & how things should go about for the retrieval of her strength, physically and mentally; dealing with it from a Hebraic/Israelitish Torah perspective.

[ Lev.; Chpt. 12 (entire chapter) ]

But, even in this case, the method presented can either be enlightening and show a parallel to “modern world” childbirth…or by the wording, which comes to us in a slew of mistranslation can deter one from looking to the Scriptures to seek some understanding of the universal issues of life. {with that said, RE-consider the (5)five-fold, depiction of the Early languages of the Bible shown above before discrediting the words used in this study of Leviticus, before condemning them as useless or demeaning to women= words like unclean seem to stir dismay. The word unclean- comes to a meaning of defiled or polluted, in a moral sense when decoded from Biblical Scripture, in this use of it in the context of a few verses in Leviticus.} For example, a woman’s health is given no thought, unless clear signs are identified when she is going about her daily routine, when she has not given birth to a child. (so, the human exchange of a simple embrace-hug, handshake, monetary exchange etc., is of no significance to anyone, with a woman who has not given birth. But, on the flip-side of that, is a woman, blessed for giving birth to another human being in the manner of all female mammals upon the Earth. But, it should be a known fact that, rest and recovery are “I-tal”(vital) to a woman’s betterment; post-childbirth. Any woman in this world should agree to that premise, especially, seeing as they take full advantage of maternity leave for an occupation or what-have-you, along with other benefits and accommodations that concentrate on women’s issues, & that alone. These issues & their benifits have no complaints from the opposite sex.)

So, in encouragement to the women who will see this post from Ras Tafari Renaissance, please remember that here we insist that the mind, and heart remain open to receive what can be useful in spiritual growth.

God also instructed Moses, to teach the children of Israel, the ritual and cultural practices, along with the sacrifices or offerings that were to be made for the ushering of a newborn into the community of Israel.  [Lev. 13 (entire chapter)]

*THIS WEEK’S SABBATH IS ALSO A DOUBLE-PORTION OF STUDY*

*THIS STUDY IS ALSO THE 1ST SABBATH OF A NEW MONTH(Iyar)*

The second portion of the study of the Scriptures for this week is Metz’orah- מְּצֹרָעMetz’orah has a meaning that comes in the English as either “one being diseased,” or “one infected.”  In the Ethiopic-Judeo-Christian perspective, this parsha(portion) of the Scriptures is named Bements’atu Q’en-በመንጻቱ ቀን.

Readings:

Leviticus 14:1-15:33

II Kings 7:3-20

This study deals with the interaction with what has come to be known as a “Leper.” God instructs Moses, on how to deal with those ho may be of Israel who might become infected with the disease of leprosy [Lev. 14: 1-32], and even those who may not be of Israel but, certainly seek the healing of their ailment. [Lev. 14:32-57]

There are also regards to the degrees of the infections of disease among the people and whomever they may encounter while on the trod(journey/walk) to their Promised Land(which is Canaan, at this point in the Scriptures).

[Lev. 15: 1-33]

In keeping true to his covenant with Israel, God has continued to show that his knowledge is Supreme and the intent is for the well-being of the children of Israel to be fruitful. In this parsha, God continues to provide abundant information, to Moses to relay to the community to apply to their everyday life.  This, following the last study, which dealt with the livity(diet) that Israel were to up-keep from generation to generation…God has clearly begun to show his many hats or OVER-standing(knowledge) to Israel, going from health-to-science. {when dealing with childbirth & healing the sick}

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leprosy

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001347.htm

http://www.stanford.edu/group/parasites/ParaSites2005/Leprosy/history.htm

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002323/

[SIDEBAR NOTES: FOR FURTHER STUDY]

Leprosy, has sprung not only many questions for its origin and solution, but also has divided so many people on the issue of its context from a Biblical stance. The infamous “Curse of Ham” hoax, has become the basis for the disposition of the Black people of the World. As you should know by now, if you’ve been following these posting here…this is a RAS TAFARIAN, JUDEO-CHRISTIAN, blog space! So before we condemn anything, we shall seek & pray that the ALMIGHTY will provide all the answers we need. We intend to be diligent & slow to anger. Pick up & bear OUR own cross, as the CHRIST did for the world, according to the Scriptures.

So, when it comes to the fabled “Curse of Ham,” we in no way, shape, form, or fashion, agree with what has and is-, presented in this hoax.  If those, who say they are well versed in the study of Scriptures, hold to this, then it is obvious that either their reading or comprehension has betrayed them on a mass scale! Because, clearly in the Bible, in whatever language you are able to grasp it in,…it will clearly show you that NO CURSE WAS PLACED UPON HAM(one of the three{3} sons of Noah).  YOU WILL THOUGH, FIND THAT THERE WAS A CLEAR AND DISTINCT CURSE PLACED UPON CANAAN(the son of Ham; grandson of Noah)!

{PROOF: Genesis 9:25;…more on the story= read/study Genesis 9:18-10:32}

http://bible.org/seriespage/nakedness-noah-and-cursing-canaan-genesis-918-1032

http://www.gotquestions.org/curse-Ham-Canaan.html

*P.S., RRR(Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations blog) followers, please take some time to check out the movie “Kingdom of Heaven”

kingdom of heaven2

–the movie deals with the Crusaders period in Jerusalem, but the focus I, would like for those who have taken the time to read through this weeks’ blog/study, to turn their attention to the character of King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem. Baldwin IV(the fourth[4th]), just so happened to be a “leper,” or stricken with the disease of leprosy.  But, his character showed a mode of integrity that I, personally, found intriguing & just. Though, the character may have deviated from the true essence of who Baldwin IV, really was, I could certainly appreciate the art put forth in the work of the movie.

Baldwin IV, king of Jerusalem(1174-1185), played by Edward Norton in Kingdom of Heaven film.

Baldwin IV, king of Jerusalem(1174-1185), played by Edward Norton in Kingdom of Heaven film.

kingdom-of-heaven (character Baldwin IV)2

...A more accurate depiction of Baldwin IV, king of Jerusalem during the Crusader period. The painting can be viewed in the Palace of Versailles(Hall of Crusades); Versailles: Paris, France

…A more accurate depiction of Baldwin IV, king of Jerusalem during the Crusader period. The painting can be viewed in the Palace of Versailles(Hall of Crusades); Versailles: Paris, France

kingdom-of-heaven (character Baldwin IV) CLOSEUP painting depicting true essence of king in battle at Montgisard-Salles des Croisades2

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/50076/Baldwin-IV

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baldwin_IV_of_Jerusalem

http://www.badassoftheweek.com/baldwin.html