Tag Archives: Ark of the Covenant

✶Day of Atonement_Yom Kippur (יוֹם כִּפּוּר) ☩ Astesryo Qen (አስተስርዮ ቀን)✶

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations wishes that all have had a peaceful, Yom Kippur.  The Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year on the Hebraic/Jewish calendar.

Yom-Kippur

Jewish people traditionally observe this holy day with a 25-hour period of fasting, and intensive prayer, where many usually spend most of the day in synagogue services. Yom Kippur(or the “Day of Atonement”) completes the annual period known in Judaism as the High Holy Days(or the “Days of Awe”-Yamim Noraim-ימים נוראים‎).

hebrew lunar cycle calendar

Some scholars, and others say there is a link to Kapporet, the “mercy seat” or covering of the Ark of the Covenant.

yom-kippur (Kapperet_Ark-of-the-Covenant)

During the Days of Awe, a Jewish/Hebrew person tries to amend his or her behavior and seek forgiveness for wrongs done against God and against other human beings.

As one of the most culturally significant in Hebrew holidays, Yom Kippur is known and observed as a memorial by Hebrews, Jewish people,Israelites, & many others the like across cultural heritages.

Coming from Ethiopic Hebraic perspective, Yom Kippur or the “Day of Atonement,” is known as Astesryo Q’en/ Seryet Q’en – አስተስርዮ ቀን/ ሰርየት ቀን.

yom-kippur14 (astesryo qen-day of atonement) repentance

As the holiest day of the year, the “Day of Atonement,” one of the main reasons for the season is repentance.  Repentance, leading toward choosing to live as a Ts’addikim– צדיקים, or “one of the righteous“. On the flipside, one could choose to become or continue in the ways of the Reshai’im-רשעים, or the “wicked.”

This choice is to made, because the Ts’addikim will be written into the Sefer HaChayim-ספר החיים, or the “Book of Life,” & the Rashai’im to the “Book of Death.”

Ethiopian Jews

Ethiopian Jews-Beta Israel

This Sabbath of Sabbaths was to be a Sabbath of “Return“, hence the Hebrew term for atoning for sin….Teshuba – תשובה.

Kol Nidre prayer printed by Zvi Hirsch Spitz Segal; Machor to Yom Kippur

Kol Nidre prayer printed by Zvi Hirsch Spitz Segal; Machor to Yom Kippur

FOR MORE STUDY:

Leviticus 17: 11

Leviticus 23: 26-27

Leviticus 26: 29

Isaiah 53: 6

Joel 2: 15-16

John 1: 29

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yom_kippur

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4687/jewish/Yom-Kippur.htm

http://www.hebcal.com/holidays/yom-kippur

https://hebrew4christians.com/Scripture/Parashah/parashah.html#YKIP

 

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RSS# 53 (አድምጡ / הַאֲזִינוּ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Ha’azinu – הַאֲזִינוּ, on the 7thז, & on the 8thח, of the month of Tishreï – תִּשְׁרִי‎, in the year of 5781. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2013/7513; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as, AdímT’u – አድምጡ.  This would calculate as the 11th – ፲፭, & the 12th ፲፮, of the month of Mäskäräm – መስከረም.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – (ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Deuteronomy 32: 1-52

II Samuel 22: 1-51

Romans 10:14 – 11:12

“Seek the LORD while he may be found; call upon him while he is near. Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts; let him return to the LORD, that he may have compassion on him, and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.”

[Isa. 55:6-7]

haazinu - parsha [song of moses]

This reading of the Scriptures translates from the Hebrew as, “Listen.”  This provides a vivid imagery as Moses gives his testimony of the children of Israel’s journey.  Moses also gives his account which he received from God, about the land of Promise, and how God intends to heal the land which he Promised, and to make it fertile.

[Deut. 32: 1-14]

haazinu -parsha3

Jeshurun, or “Israel the Upright,” grew greatly, but took the wonderful position it had with God for granted. These things like: going after foreign gods and unfaithfulness, God sought to provoke the children of Israel to be moved jealousy and anger, which those of no nation; a foolish people.  He would also consume them{Israel} with burning hunger, and beasts would devour them, not regarding the young or the old.

[Deut. 32: 15-27]

Prayers Reaching To The Heavens. [Deut. 32: 1-3]

Prayers Reaching To The Heavens. [Deut. 32: 1-3]

The foolish nation, that would be void of counsel, would also be distinguishable from the children of Israel, because their ways would resemble Sodom & Gomorrah.

[Deut. 32: 28-43]

haazinu - parsha [mount nebo]

Moses, then was told by God to go up Mount Nebo, on Abarim, where he would be gathered to his ancestors.  Moses knew the time had come for him to pass on.  He knew that he disobeyed God at Meribah, in Kadesh-Barnea; he also, in so many words,…”placed his eggs, all in one basket, vying for the lives of the wayward children of Israel.

debarim-parsha-moses-see-the-promised-land-_-painting-by-james-jacques-tissot

 

 

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

- the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one's self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

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RSS# 51 & 52 (ቆማችኋል – ሙሴም ሄዶ/נִצָּבִים – וַיֵּלֶךְ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, more than likely have come to the Torah portion of Nitz’ab(v)im – נִצָּבִים.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5780-5781, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 22nd כב, & the 23rd – כג, day of the Hebrew month of the month of Elūl – אֱלוּל , for this week, in this mode of study; for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is also known as Q’omahKH’wal – ቆማችኋል, also on the 1st – , & on the 2nd – , of the month of Mäskäräm – መስከረምThe Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 29:10- 30:20

Isaiah 61:10- 63:9

Romans 10: 1-12

In this portion of the Scripture studies’, Moses tells the people that adherence and obedience to the laws, which they were given/taught would allow them to prolong their days in the land, & make them fruitful in abundance; but, turning away would lead them to destruction.  Only turning to the ways which the children of Israel were taught would the God of the Hebrews, accept them again into grace.

[Deut. 29: 10-13]

Israel's Nitz'abim/QomachKH'wal ("ones standing", "standing ones", "ones who will stand" ; by translation) _ artist of piece Unknown

Painting shows a relation to Israel’s Nitz’abim/QomachKH’wal (“ones standing”, “standing ones”, “ones who will stand” ; by translation) _ artist of piece Unknown

Because of their waywardness, God spoke to Moses, telling him to teach the Israelites that the covenant would not only pertain to them alone, though Israel would be a people to God(himself); but, the covenant would also include those that would stand with Israel, once upon hearing the words of the book of the Law.  Those who would not hearken to the word, of course, would be a testament to the judgment of disobedience.

[Deut. 29: 13-29]

Blessings And Curse

Knowing these things and that they were taught them, being the children of Israel, it would call to remembrance the Blessing & the Curse of the Law.

[Deut. 30: 1-20]

Blessings-Curses

**A DOUBLE-PORTION of the Scriptures Readings is attributed to this Sabbath**

With that said, we also take the time to study the parsha of W(V)eyelech’k – וַיֵּלֶךְ , which corresponds with the portion of Musey’m Heydo – ሙሴም ሄዶ.

In this second installation of the Sabbath readings for this week; Moses prepared the children of Israel to go into the land of Promise.  Moses, being an hundred and twenty years old, knew that the time had come when God said that he would not cross the Jordan.  Because, he did not sanctify God, at the waters of Meribah, he would go to sleep with his fathers, instead of enter into the Promised Land.  Moses is instructed to charge Joshua ben-Nun(the son of Nun) to lead the people in the ways God had commanded them.

[Deut. 31: 1-8]

musey sees the promised land

Moses then, wrote the words of the Law, and had them placed into the Ark of the Covenant by the priests(ie. the Levites) and all the elders of Israel.

[Deut. 31: 9]

{the words of the LAWTorah, were placed inside the Ark of the Covenant, along with the “Budded” Staff of High Priest Aaron(Moses’ brother), and the manna, which the God of the Hebrew people-El Elohe Israel, gave to the children of Israel in the wilderness}

He also instructed the children of Israel to set apart the Seventh Year as the “Year of Release”(or the Shemittah-), during the time of the Feast of Tabernacles/Booths/Ingathering(ie. Sukkot-סֻכּוֹת), all of Israel should come to hear the Law, to call it to their remembrance for their following generations to know and obey.

[Deut. 31: 10-13]

Sukkot_4 Species

Sukkot_4 Species

Moses brought Joshua in the presence of all Israel to bless him, give him his charge, where God was present with them.  For God knew that the children of Israel would turn away from the ways that they were taught.

[Deut. 31: 14-30]

Moses Blesses Joshua _painting by James Tissot

Moses Blesses Joshua _painting by James Tissot

Sabbath Readings’ Companion book

- the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one's self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS#50 (በገባህም ጊዜ / כִּי-תָבוֹא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart (ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Ki-Tá(b)vō – כִּי-תָבוֹא, on the 15th – טו, & the 16th – טז, of the month of Elul – אֱלוּל‎, in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as, BeGäbáh’m Gïzæy – በገባህም ጊዜ.  This would calculate as the 29th – ፳፱, & the 30th – , of the month of Nähásæy – ነሐሴ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Deuteronomy 26:1 – 29:8

Isaiah 60: 1-20

Ephesians 1: 3-6

Revelation 21: 10-27

Selichot-or-[Slich’ot] = (Hebrew: סליחות) are Hebrew/Jewish penitential poems & prayers, especially those said and/or recited, in the period leading up to the “High Holidays,” also on ‘Fast Days.’ In the Ashkenazic (ie. Eastern-Euro Jewish) tradition, it begins on the Saturday evening before “Rosh Hashanah.” [Hebrew/Jewish New Year] If, however, the first day of Rosh Hashanah falls on a Monday or Tuesday, the “Selichot” are said beginning the Saturday night prior to ensure that Selichot are recited at least four times. In 2019 or Hebraically; this year’s “Selichot” begins on the Seventh-day or Sabbath (Saturday), on the 21st of September, 2019. […more accurately; Friday evening, on the 20th of September, 2019]

This study portion of the Scriptures, deals with the children of Israel, in what order they should follow upon entering into the Land, which God had promised their foreparents.

THIS SABBATH STUDY PORTION, LAYS OUT EXACTLY HOW THE HEBREW PEOPLE WOULD BE BLESSED; ALBEIT, THEY KEPT & TOOK HEED OF THE ALL THE COMMANDMENTS OF GOD; OR CURSED, IF THEY WERE TO TURN AWAY FROM WHAT THEY WERE TAUGHT BY MOSES; BY WAY OF GOD’S WORD.

Blessings-Curses

So, the children of Israel were to present the firstfruits (or the first portions of their harvests) of the land to the priests, and the priests were to present these firstfruits upon the altar; giving thanks & praise to God, because while in bondage/servitude the children of Israel, sewed seeds but did not reap the benefits of their labor. (for they’d worked to satisfy the needs wants of others)  In the Land of Promise, the children of Israel were at the liberty to sew their seeds with gladness and joy, keeping to the ways they were taught out of the Law of Moses.

[Deut. 26: 1-11]

ki tabo-parsha (first fruits)

Tithing:  For the children of Israel, the third year, was when it would acceptable for them to give a tenth of all their harvests, appropriated to the: Levitical-Priesthood, the strangers/guests/foreigners (interpreted from the Ancient Languages of the Scriptures) which would be living among the children of Israel, along with the fatherless (or the orphaned), & the widowed.  This kind of tithing would be a testament to the children of Israel being the chosen, peculiar people (vrs.19) upon the face of the Earth, that within their gates which God had provided/promised to them, they would most certainly seek to feed, clothe & shelter.

[Deut. 26: 12-19]

ki tabo-parsha (tithes) Malachi

Moses, and the elders of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, then charged the Hebrew people to keep all of the commandments, laws and statutes which were set out for them; and upon crossing over the river Jordan into the Land of Promise, on Mount Ebal (ጌባል ተራራ/ הר עיבל‎), the children of Israel were build an altar with whole stones to God-writing the Law (Torah) on these great stones.  This mountain was to be a mountain where peace offerings were to be made to God.

[Deut. 27: 1-8]

ki tab(v)o - parsha

Now, with this ordination, there then came the two mountains.  Moses & the Levites spoke to the Hebrew people, explaining that upon these works, the children of Israel should take heed to themselves, for they were to become the people of God; pending, they would hearken to his laws.

ki tab(v)o - bible-archeology-altar-of-joshua-amphitheater-between-mt-gerizim-ebal

Moses then said, these shall stand upon Mount Gerizim (ገሪዛን ተራራ/ הר גּרזים) to bless the people: Simeon, Levi , Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin:

(verse 12) And these shall stand upon Mount Ebal to curse the people: Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulon, Dan, and Naphtali.

(verse 13)

Mt. Gerizim & Mt. Ebal - Nablus Panorama

Mt. Gerizim & Mt. Ebal – Nablus Panorama

From there, the Levites, then laid out the a proclamation of the curses, for those who would turn away from the law.

[Deut. 27: 9-26]

ki tab(v)o - parsha [Curses of Israel]

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RSS# 49 (በወጣህ ጊዜ / כִּי־תֵצֵא)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Ki-Teitẓ’eiכִּי־תֵצֵא, on the 8th – ח, & on the 9th – ט, of the month of Elūl – אֱלוּל, in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known (in the same sense) as BeWäṭáh Gïzéy – በወጣህ ጊዜ.  This would calculate as the 22nd – ፳፪, & the 23rd – ፳፫, of the month of Nähásæy – ነሐሴ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 21:10 – 25:19

Isaiah 54: 1-10

Matthew 5: 27-30

I Corinthians 5: 1-5

In this parsha/kifil (study portion) of the Scriptures, we shall go through topics that cover, laws, statutes & commandments, mostly in the civil & domestic life of the children of Israel.  We’ll begin in the post-warfare ordinances, that deal with other governing principles, including inheritance, child rearing, humane civility, farming & host of other issues.  This portion of the Scriptures, set out supplementary laws that would aid the Hebrew people as they continued to draw near to God.

Torah Aliyot scroll for Parshat Ki Tetzei. Scroll possibly from the "Rabbinical period in southern Europe [Lisbon, Portugal] _ Jewish/Hebraic teachings thrived alongside the 700 + year period of the Moorish conquering of Europe; ca. 711 AD - 1492 AD ; (also see; the Edict of Expulsion, or the Expulsion of Moors & Jews - 1492.

Torah Aliyot scroll for Parshat Ki Tetzei (Teitzei). Scroll possibly from the “Rabbinical period in southern Europe” [Lisbon, Portugal] _ Jewish/Hebraic teachings thrived alongside the 700 + year period of the Moorish conquering of Europe; ca. 711 AD – 1492 AD ; (also see; the Edict of Expulsion, or the Expulsion of Moors & Jews – 1492.

The children of Israel were presented with the orders of God, through Moses, to deal with domestic regulations in the ways that were suitable and pleasing to God.  The treatment of captives, especially of the women of other nations was one in question, in the ordinances of warfare.

[Deut. 21: 10-17]

ki tetzei - parsha [israelite army-Deut.21vrs1]

Also, in this category of issues, the children of Israel were to administer to the wayward son, in ways that would be beneficial to, not only be sustainable to one’s household, but to the entire nation’s, as well.

[Deut. 21: 18-23]

CHRIST's Parable of the Prodigal Son [Luke 15: 11-32]

CHRIST‘s Parable of the Prodigal Son [Luke 15: 11-32]

The children of Israel, were not to be a wayward people, speaking with “fork-tongues“, living in ungodly ways, but always making way to become righteous by words & deeds.  Thus, the Laws of Brotherhood, not only within the Hebrew community, but to other nations also; the same would be the norm for ANY Israelite.

[Deut. 22: 1-8]

ki tetzei - parsha [opening verse aliya]

When it came to Hebrew farming principles, from the basics to large-scale agriculture practices, the children of Israel were to adhere certain commandments all-in-the-same.  This takes in account, the treatment of the animals within their possession, also.

[Deut. 22: 9-12]

1)”…Speak to the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:…”[Numb. 15: 38]; 2)…”thou shall make thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy vesture, wherewith thou coverest thyself…” [Deut. 22: 12] {Tz’itz’iyot-צִיצִת or Gadil-גָּדִל}

1)”…Speak to the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:…”[Numb. 15: 38];
2)…”thou shall make thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy vesture, wherewith thou coverest thyself…”
[Deut. 22: 12]

 

In the upkeep of the laws, statutes, & commandments of God to the children of Israel; upon the sudden death of a Hebrew, who had a wife (but, was now a childless widowhad married, but bore no children), & was survived by a brother-in-law(her husband’s brother), the surviving brethren was obliged to uphold specific responsibilities in procuring the lineage of his deceased brother.  This law was one of intricacy, among others dealing with the “Innocent Wife”, being provided with protection within Israel.

(see Levirate Marriage; Yibbum; Chalitza – חליצה; & Gen. 38:8) [for fuller comprehension read Gen.38: 6-26]

[Deut. 22: 13-19]

Halitz'ah/CHalitz'a ceremony _ "the shoe loosing" _ A widow loosening the shoe of her brother-in-law; significying that she is now free to marry whom she chooses, & the Hebraic law of the Levirate Marriage is lifted.

Halitz’ah/CHalitz’a ceremony _ “the shoe loosing” _ A widow loosening the shoe of her brother-in-law; signifying that she is now free to marry whom she chooses, & the Hebraic law of the Levirate Marriage is lifted.

In the arrangements for dealing with divers regulatory issues among the children of Israel, the Hebrews were to adhere to God’s principles in dealing with peoples of other nations, entreating their camp, holy places and such, but also, not succumbing to being a oppressors or whores & whoremongers, (ie. sexual offenders, rapists, etc.), or extortionists.

[Deut. 23: 1-25]

ki tetzei - parsha [im-my-brothers-keeper]

*Note to Study-in-Depth: Ammon & Moab -10th Generation*

{DEUTERONOMY TWENTY THREE: VERSE THREE/ Deut. 23: 3}

: Edom(aka Esau) & Egypt, ABHOR NOT!

{DEUTERONOMY TWENTY THREE: VERSE SEVEN/ Deut. 23: 7}

The children of Israel, also had learned from Moses, by way of the God of Israel(El-Elohe Israel_אל אלהי ישראל), the manners, in & of, the laws for divorce or separation in marital affairs.

[Deut. 24: 1-4]

- (still) from the film "La'Genese' [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

– (still) from the film “La’Genese‘ [Genesis] of Judah & Tamar.

An example of the Cḥalïtah; Gen. 38:8, in the story of Judah with his sons & his daughter-in-law, Tamar(widow of Er ben-Yihuda[Er, the son of Judah].

…& more detailed, laws, statutes & commandments, were placed in the midst of the children of Israel, for them to heed to in the divers regulations.  But, with all of these regulations, and adherence to God’s laws, the Hebrews were not to forget about the Amalekites; as eternal enemies.

israel & amalek

(Exod. 17: 16_For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn [that] the LORD [will have] war with Amalek from generation to generation.)

[Deut. 24: 5- 25:19]

Sabbath Readings’ Companion book

- the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one's self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS#48 (ፈራጆች / שֹׁפְטִים )

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Shoftim – שֹׁפְטִים, on the 1stא, & on the 2nd – ב, of the month of Elūl – אֱלוּל, in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known (in the same sense) as Färájoch – ፈራጆች.  This would calculate as the 15th – ፲፭, & on the 16th – ፲፮, of the month of Págumæy – .  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 16:18- 21:9

Isaiah 51:12- 52:12

John 1: 19-27

Acts 3: 22-23

shoftim - parsha

This Sabbath study portion; Shoftim-שֹׁפְטִים , (in the Hebrew language, has equivalences to: magistrates[officers] or judges);

(in the Amharic language, the equivalent is plurally: Ferajoch-ፈራጆች; which more than likely could derived from words like: Feraj-ፈራጅ[could be considered as an police officer, or jailer; of the sort, from a modern sense]; also Tefárajተፋራጅ; which could be considered as a judge or magistrate from the modern sense, as well: from the Amharic is equivalent to “one who brings justice.”)

- compilation from betelaustin.net

– compilation from betelaustin.net

So, this Torah portion is at the point where Moses now instructs the children of Israel to set up judges and officers, throughout all of the tribes, whom should utilize just judgments in certain affairs.

[Deut. 16: 18-22]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

the Sanhedrin _ [illustration from the 1883 Peoples Encyclopedia of Universal Knowledge]

In all of the gates that in possession of the children of Israel, no blemished, or defiled thing should be offered as sacrifice/offering to God.  Neither, were the children of Israel to go after(worship) any other gods.  They also were instructed to put evil away from among them.

[Deut. 17: 1-13]

סַנְהֶדְרִין Sanhedrin

סַנְהֶדְרִין
Sanhedrin

A king/ruler was also to be appointed over the children of Israel.  One, whom would not give himself utterly to seek after wealth & riches, or many women to wife(marry), so that his heart be turned away from God; his laws, ordinances, statutes and commandments.  While upon the throne, the king was to write a copy the LAW, set before the priests; wherein he was to read & learn, all the days of his life so that the days of his life be prolonged.  The king was to keep the all the commandments, like anyone else, & not think of himself, as being above any of his brethren, aside from his appointment by God.

[Deut. 17: 14-20]

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

Within the land, the tribe of Levi(Lewi), were to have no inheritance with the children of Israel.  For God, was their portion of the inheritance,  Offerings to God, would partaken on behalf of God, by the priests of the Levites; from among the sacrifices/offerings, would be the “priest’s due.”

[Deut. 18: 1-8]

shoftim - parsha [levites blow the trumpets]

Idolatry & the abominations, were not to be found among the children of Israel, for they were to inherit all nations.

[Deut. 18: 9-14]

God also said to Israel, that he would raise up a Prophet from among them.  The words of his mouth would be of him, and they should take heed.  For, at the mountain of Horeb, they feared the power, the voice and great fire of God, so much that they asked to not see it again, lest they perish.

(see; Deut. 1: 6, Deut. 4: 10, & Deut. 5: 1-21_ God spoke to Israel at Horeb)

(God is a consuming fire: Deut. 4 :24, Heb. 12: 29)

Mount Horeb -

Mount Horeb – הַר חֹרֵב- ተራራ ኮሬብ aka “the Mountain of God/YHWH”

The only for the children of Israel to know if the Prophet was of God, would be for them to verify by a testing of his word.  The testing would come in a criteria that would fit, as follows: 1. his/her, spoken words of prophecy coming to pass(or fulfillment; actualization), 2. he/she, would come in the NAME of God, & 3. if the prophecies followed along the guidelines of the LAW(Torah).

(could also be seen as the coming of the MesHIHa/Messiah)

[Deut. 18: 15-22]

The cities of refuge from within the gates of Israel’s inheritance were to also be set up.  Especially, in the plight of the case of the slayer.  When God was to cut out the wicked nations these cities were to set, to ensure that just judgment were rendered.

[Deut. 19: 1-21]

shoftim - parsha (cities of refuge)

The Law regarding Warfare, was for the children of Israel to fear not, even if their enemies were greater in number or strength; for God would be with them.  The priests were to encourage them, & men who set up houses, or married rather recently not having consecrated their homes or wives, should return or in the extreme, not go off to warfare, for their seeds were to be procured.(as spoken by the officers of Israel)  Israel was to show peace to those who would show themselves peaceful, & go to war against those who would make war with them.  But, they were to utterly destroy the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites and the Jebusites, as God commanded them.

[Deut. 20]

Deut. 20: 2

Deut. 20: 2

An Inquest or judiciary inquiry, in the case of death, of unknown/unaccounted corpse, for one slain in the field; would become the responsibility of the Priesthood to minister for the children of Israel, for they were chosen by God to work in service of Israel.

[Deut. 21:1-9]

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London's Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled "The World's Oldest Tribunal" dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din or Court of the Chief Rabbi.

An Image of a London Beth-Din with Rabbi J.H. Hertz(center) _ London’s Beth-Din as it functioned in the year of 1926. This artwork is titled “The World’s Oldest Tribunal” dating From Moses(mirroring the Ancient Hebraic court System). The Beth-Din [בית דין] or “the house of judgment.”

 

** NOTES FOR FURTHER STUDY: **

– the Hebraic Sanhedrin, & the Beth-Din (Bet Din[House of Judgment]) : Hebrew/Jewish Court Systems; Tribal Court/Tribunal (Black’s Law Dict.) : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beth_din : http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/BetDin.html

Kingdom of Ethiopia {Abyssinia by Ottoman/Muslim empire & other outsiders_also modern connotations adopted by modern Ethiopians} (የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ) kings list : http://www.friesian.com/ethiopia.htm : http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1915&dat=19750322&id=S-sgAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7XEFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2528,3614199

Fəthá Nägäst {Fetha Nagast[Law of the Kings]} http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/biography/01thelawofkings.pdf ; http://www.cap-press.com/pdf/1888.pdf

Ethiopian Bible Society’s Amharic Holy Bible Dictionary

NEW PRINTED EDITION!!! AVAILABLE (Outside of Ethiopia)! The official “AMHARIC DICTIONARY OF THE HOLY BIBLE." Originally compiled as a study companion to the 1961-62' Authorized Revised Amharic Bible, during the times H.I.M. Haile Sellassie I of Ethiopia, sometimes referred to as the “Emperor’s Bible.” This revised and reloaded edition printed from Valiancy Publishing continues the tradition of Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Christianity intense study & application of the Holy Bible.

$19.99

RSS#47 (ራእይ/ראה)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Re’eh – רְאֵה, on the 24th – כד, & the 25thכה, of the month of Ab(v) – אָב, in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Inähō – እነሆ.  This would calculate as the 8th& the 9th – , of the month of Nähasæy – ነሐሴ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Deuteronomy 11:26- 16:17

Isaiah 54:11- 55:5

John 7: 37-52

 

In this study portion of the Scriptures, we’ve come Re’eh (רְאֵה), which in the Hebrew language means “to see.”  In the Amharic language, the word used as an equivalent for the name of this parsha is more properly…would be; Ra’iy – ራእይ.  Theses words in the ancient tongues divulge the meanings: “to see,” “have a vision,” “behold,” or “make sight of.”

wadjet & nekhbet (two eyes of Horus)

This portion of our reading, in the Book of Deuteronomy, begins on verse 26, where Moses is continuing to instruct the children of Israel, in the ways of God’s statutes, laws, and commandments; especially for the entry into the Land of Promise.  Causing these instructions to become known among all Israel, whereas it would be well with them.  God told Moses, to teach the children of Israel these lessons, for Moses explained that God had set a Blessing & a Curse before them.  Following the ways of God would render blessings upon them, and turning away would bring curse upon them.  The children of Israel, were clearly free to choose.

[Deut. 11: 26-32]

blessing and the curse

The conditions of the blessing in the land, for the children of Israel were also given by Moses, from God.  The children of Israel were to observe, and do the will of God for it would determine the prosperity of their dwelling in the land.  The laws, statutes, and commandments were laid out so the children of Israel, would teach them to their children for God’s laws and covenant with Israel would be an everlasting covenant; given they take heed of themselves.

[Deut. 12]

wolves-in-sheep-clothing(false prophets)

Now, knowing that they were given the chance to choose; the children of Israel, were to also recognize that it would be necessary to know wherein they were to discern between choices.  The children of Israel were warned to be wary of prophets or dreamers of dreams that would arise among them, and to take precaution that their signs and their wonders, would not lead them away from the ways of God’s commandments.

[Deut. 13]

shabuot-festival of weeks6

Then, the ordination for what would become known as Kashrut – כַּשְׁרוּת , or Kosher – כָּשֵׁר , among the Jewish people of today’s society.  But from its roots in the Hebrew language , it is the laws of God, to the Hebrew people, showing what would be “fit” for consumption; concerning food.

[Deut. 14]

pesach9

Now, in dealing with servants: those of the inheritance and those of foreign origin there was, of course, a protocol for the children of Israel, as well.  The Hebrew servant was to be absolved from his Hebrew creditor, in the “Sabbath yearShemittah” or the 7th year.  But, it would be up to the Hebrew creditor to absolve a debt from a foreigner or one not of the origin of the Hebrew people.  God sought that none should be poor among Israel, so in this act, the children of Israel would contribute to their own prosperity in another form.

[Deut. 15]

sukkot

“…for the LORD thy God blessed thee, as he promised thee: and thou shalt lend to many nations, but thou shalt not borrow; and thou shalt reign over many nations, but they shall not reign over thee…”[Deut. 15: v6]

The children of Israel received what is known now, as the significance of the Shalosh Regalim, or the three Feasts of YHWH.

[for ref. check Scriptures: Deut. 16: 16, & Exod. 23: 17.]

Shalosh Regalim

Sabbath Readings’ Companion book

- the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one's self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS# 46 (እንዲህም ይሆናል / עֵקֶב)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Ækeb (Eikev(b)/Ekev(b)/Eiqeb(v)) – עֵקֶב, on the 17th – יז, & the 18thיח, of the month of Ab(v) – אָבin the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Índeeh’m Y’honál – እንዲህም ይሆናል.  This would calculate as the 1st – , & the 2nd – , of the month of Nähasæy – ነሐሴ.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).)

 

Readings:

Deuteronomy 7:12- 11:25

Isaiah 49:14- 51:3

Hebrews 11: 8-11

Romans 8: 31-39

 

Before going forward with this week’s parsha study, we take an in-depth look at the name of the portion, for this week: Ækeb (Ekev/ Eiqeb/ Eikev) – עֵקֶב= other various phonetic pronunciations).  

Eikeb-parsha

The significance of this parsha’s name, should be a notated because the resemblance it has to Isaac’s son, Jacob, brother of Esau; in the Amharic & Hebrew languages.

eikeb - parsha [jacob-israel-yaiqob-ysrael]

Finding relations to the parsha for this week and the name, Jacob, will be very telling; in the order of over-standing(“understanding”) where this portion of the Scriptures intends to enlighten the mind.

eikeb-parsha [1stverse]

After Moses receives the instructions from God to teach the children of Israel, he then instructs them, insuring that they know they should observe and do them, for things to go well & in their favor. (pertaining to God)  God, in turn, will not only bring them into the land but, will bless them abundantly.

[Deut. 7: 12-26]

“…A land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil olive, and honey;…” [Deut. 8:8]

“…A land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil olive, and honey;…” [Deut. 8:8]

 

Warnings and exhortations were given to the children of Israel, in the sense of them taking advantage of pursuing the inheritance, that was a covenant between God, Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob. 

[Deut. 8: 1-20]

Crossing Jordan [Deut. 9:1]

Crossing Jordan [Deut. 9:1]

Israel, after receiving instruction was to then, go over the river Jordan to possess the land, & drive out those who would not dwell peaceably with them.  For God strove against the wickedness of other nations.

[Deut. 9: 1-5]

decalogue-10 commandments-tablets-old hebrew

 

But even with all of this brewing in good favor for the children of Israel, they stray from the path which should have led straightway to the fullness of JAH(God)’s grace and blessing .  But, because Israel is & always has been a “stiffnecked people,” Moses has to plead a case to God for the children of Israel.  God had sought to utterly destroy the children of Israel for their constant disobedience.  Moses, intercedes for Israel for they had brought nearly about God’s wrath upon them.  Recalling the time at the mount of Horeb, Israel making a molten image to worship, and provoked God to anger so much so, that God prepared obliterate them & make a nation out of Moses [& Ts’pporah].  

(new nation: hence, the Ethio-Hebrews, that would later come with Sheba & Solomon [not to neglect the earlier connection between Abraham & Keturah), in spite of the various surrounding happenings)  For Moses’ sake, God’s wrath was turned away from Israel.

[Deut. 9: 6-29]

 

After this God told Moses, to hew two stone tablets, for the words which were on the set before them, Moses broke for he waxed hot in anger towards Israel for their stubbornness and disobedience to God ‘s laws.  Along with these, was a wooden ark made to be put into the Ark of the Covenant.  So the words of the Sinaitic Covenant were restored.

[Deut. 10: 1-5]

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

- the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one's self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS# 44 (የነገራችሁ ቃል ይህ ነው / דְּבָרִים)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of  Deb(v)ârïm – דְּבָרִיםon the 3rd – ג, & on the 4th – ד, of the month of Ab(v) – אָב, in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as YeNägärâchäw Q’ál Yíh Näw – የነገራችሁ ቃል ይህ ነው, on the 17th፲፯, & on the 18th – ፲፰, of the month of (ወርኀ) of Hämlæy – ሐምሌ.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Deuteronomy 1:1- 3:22

Isaiah 1: 1-27

Acts 9: 1-21

I Timothy 3: 1-7

 

 

We’ve come, to the final book of the Torah.  So, we begin this last book of the Scriptures with the words of Moses, as he speak to the children of Israel.

Devarim-Hebrew_OldHBRW-word(from torahtothetribes.com)

Linguistic Study of the Hebrew word Deb(v)arim, [from Paleo HBRW-to-Modern]_ composed by torahtothetribes.com

In the portion of the scriptures Moses, begins to tell the children of Israel, their story which they have lived out since the “Exodus.”(or exit/coming out of Egypt & the wandering in the wilderness)

debarim - parsha2

On the eastern side of the Jordan river, in the plains, Moses spoke on a number of subjects.  Including: the kings of the lands, which sought the destruction of the children of Israel, & how God spoke to him, instructing him to lead the Israel, onward.

painting by James Jaques Tissot

painting by Tissot

Moses, spoke to the children of Israel on how God, blessed & multiplied their numbers, while travailing through the toils of the journey in the wilderness.  He also mentioned how the appointing of the judges(captains, princes/chiefs) of Israel was a significant moment for the children of Israel, seeing as how Moses’, father-in-law, Jethro saw that Moses discerned matters of concern among all of Israel, alone.  From that moment on, Jethro advised Moses by the grace of God, to appoint heads of each tribe, to handle certain matters within certain subjects & to bring the matters of great concern to Moses; for he would be consulted of God on the greater issues of concern for Israel.

[Deut. 1: 9-18]

Moses & Jethro

Moses & Jethro

The murmuring disobedience of the children of Israel, which led to the seemingly endless wandering in the wilderness, was also a topic of discussion from Moses, to the Israelites/Hebrews.

Jethro & Moses

Jethro & Moses

Even with the power of God working in & through, the children of Israel, there were always those that failed to yield to the Word(John 1:1), but God kept Israel, through; upholding the covenants* to the Israel’s forefathers.  Though, from generation-to-generation some had wavered; the promise was Israel’s to keep. (ie. the generations of Caleb ben Jephunneh & Joshua ben Nun)*

Moses-ሙሴ-מושה

Moses-ሙሴ-מושה

While in the wilderness, the children of Israel, encounter many peoples not of their patterns of living.  So, in attempting to peacefully go about their way, the children of Israel, experience strife from others, who seek to send them into disarray.  (for example: the Moabites, Amorites, Midianites, etc…)

[Deut. 2: 1-9 (Moabites)]; [Deut. 2: 10-15 (children of Anak)];

[Deut. 2: 16-23 (Ammonites)]; [Deut. 2: 24-37 (Amorites)]

yitro - parsha [st-moses-the-ethiopian-in-the-temple-raymond-walker]

Even to the king of Bashan, with the battle of Edrei, did the children of Israel triumph in the wilderness over their adversaries.  Upon victory, the children of Israel, gained the lands, cattle, and many other possessions of their enemies and divided all among themselves; so that none of them would want for anything. However, the children of tribes of Reuben, & Gad appealed to Moses and the Princes of Israel for land adequate for the large amounts of cattle they now possessed.  The children of the half-tribe of Manasseh, also laid hold to their inheritance, by way of the Daughters of Zelophehad, who plead for their father’s portion among his brethren.

(for he had no son, to possess his holdings; so be it the Law was made fit for the Daughters, whom were not married, but were bound by lineage to Israel.)

The Allotted Land of Canaan; with suggested dwellings of the Twelve Tribes of Israel's portions

The Allotted Land of Canaan; with suggested dwellings of the Twelve Tribes of Israel‘s portions

 

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RSS#42-43 (ነገዶች- ጉዞ/מַסְעֵי -מַּטּוֹת)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbat(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied the Torah portion of Tâmmuz – , on the 25thכה, & on the 26th כו, of the month of Ab(v) – אָב, in the year of 5780. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2012/7512; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as Nägädōch – ነገዶችon the 26th – ፳፮, & on the 27th – ፳፯, of the month of (ወርኀ) of Hämlæy – ሐምሌ.  The Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

 

Readings:

Numbers 30:2 – 32:42

Jeremiah 1:1 – 2:3

Matthew 5: 33-37

To follow up, on the last parsha/kífíl(portion) of the Scripture study, we’ve now to come to Mâṭṭōt-Nəgədōch, which both the Hebrew & Amharic words could be equivalent to “Tribes” in the English.

bechukotai - parsha (kinza- mattot negedoch)

At this point, Moses speaks to the heads of the tribes of Israel, on what God spoke about pertaining to vows.  When one of the children of Israel, were to make a vow or swear an oath to God, they were to uphold the words of that vow/oath.

If men were to make vows/oaths,(especially to God) they were to speak those words, which consisted of it and keep those words, which they had spoken.

[Numb. 30: 2-16]

chasid-chaiymanotegnawi8

If women were to make vows/oaths,(especially to God) even in the house of their fathers; if the father heard the vow & didn’t speak against it, then vow/(s) would stand & she would have to be completely responsible for every word of her vow/oath; the same applied if the woman had a husband, as well.

[Numb. 30: 3-16]

mattot - parsha (vow)3

{-when the Bible speak on these vows, it shows the countenance of the Hebrew men, willing to take on the burdens of accountability & responsibility for the women of their congregation.  Though women, could make oaths/vows, they were only held fully accountable; 1) if their father or husbands would allow them to take on the burdens of fulfilling a vow/oath, seeing as how Hebrew men, & men in general, would rather shoulder a burden/(s) for their households than see their women bear those strenuous experiences.  But women, of course, were free to choose to bear those burdens or not.  2) including those women who were widowed, & those that happened to be divorced}

mattot - parsha (vow)

God then spoke to Moses, to prepare the children of Israel, to avenge themselves, and those they lost during the plague, for the troubles that the Midianites brought upon them at the sin of Baal-Peor. (those Midianites that sought to destroy them along with the Moabites of Balak’s reign; ref. 41st Parsha Study), Moses sent a thousand, of each tribe of Israel along with Phineas. (son of Eleazar, grandson of Aaron) So, Israel warred against Midian & overtook them.

[Numb. 31: 1-24]

mattot - parsha [midian-arabia]

A general presumption of the whereabouts of Midian

The remains of Midian were shared among the children of Israel.  The cattle, riches, estates, and land; divided it all among the tribes.  The children of Israel even made an offering to God, for their triumph, for every one of them that took up arms had enough to spread/share among themselves.

[Numb. 31: 25-54]

pic. provided by the American Bible Society

pic. provided by the American Bible Society

Now, the children of the tribes of Reuben & Gad, came to Moses, Eleazar, and the princes of the congregation vying for land from the parts of Israel’s journey to the land of Canaan.  Though, the tribes of Reuben and Gad grew, and had much cattle, they sought to utilize the cattle in the part of the land that, seemingly was fit for raising and maintaining the like.

[Numbers Chpt. 32]

The children of the tribes of Gad & Reuben speak with Moses, on issues of Land _ painting by Aurthur Boyd Houghton

The children of the tribes of Gad & Reuben speak with Moses, on issues of Land _ (painting by Aurthur Boyd Houghton)

**DOUBLE – PORTION**

This Sabbath study, comprises Mattot & Masei, as a doubling for the readings of the Scriptures, to keep an adequate number of readings for this year’s cycle.

Readings:

Numbers 33:1- 36:13

Jeremiah 2: 4-28; chpt. 3:4

James 4: 1-12

These readings for Masei – מַסְעֵי , are usually read in conjunction with the previous readings for Matōt; in the Hebrew Torah alignment.  These portion (parsha/kífíl) of the Scriptures in the Ethiopic-Christian sense, come to us as, Gūzō – ጉዞ.

masei - parsha2

So, as we continue in our studies, in preparation of the conclusion of the Holy Bible’s Book of Numbers; the journeys from out of Egypt to the land of Canaan is shown again to us, to retrace the steps of the children of Israel.  From Rămesēs to Succoth, in and around the fifthteenth day of the Hebrews’ first month, Israel journeyed out of Egypt.  What really can be assessed by “journeys”, is that the wilderness wandering Israelites had not came to grips with the realization that the their 40 years was a testing ground.

[Numb. 33: 1-49]

masei - parsha (cities of refuge)2

Then God gave specific instructions for taking possession of the land which was promised.  In the plains of Moab, God spoke these words to Moses, for him to tell the children of Israel.

[Numb. 33: 50-56]

masei - parsha [12 tribes land depositary]

More instructions were explained, with the extent of specifying the borders of the land, and the portions which would be apportioned to each tribe.

[Numbers Chpt. 34]

naso - parsha [12_Tribes__Encampment_Positions]

Now, God also spoke to Moses about preserving things for the tribe of Le(w)vi, seeing as how God had placed on them, that they should not be apportioned land in the same sense as the rest of the tribes. (along with other aspects) The Levites were given portions of land which were adjacent to the rest of the tribes and their possessions of land.

[Numb. 35: 1-8]

masei - parsha (cities of refuge)

With the setting up of, certain places for the tribe of Le(w)vi, there also had to be a setting up of places for refuge/cities of refuge.  These cities of refuge were to be places of solitude, but most of all they were to be places of judgment to hold people accountable for their actions in this land which had been given the Hebrews.

[Numb. 35: 9-34]

masei - parsha [daughters of zelophehad_(manasseh-yosef)]

Now, remembering the daughters of Zelophehad, who came before the congregation to vie for the inheritance of their father, for he died and bear no son to inherit his due property, as a son of Israel.  ’s five daughters appealed to received his portion as their due inheritance, and Moses, after consultation of God, along with the congregation granted that the daughters of Zelophehad, take up their father’s possessions as their own.   But of course, the responsibility as daughters of Israel, were to be upheld in the taking up of inheritance among the Hebrews.

[Numb. 36: 1-13]

 

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