Tag Archives: African Israelites

8. Abíy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓብይ ጾም ✤ Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ (the Lenten Fast)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover. In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח. (In the Ethiopic sense this is known as Fasika – ፋሲካ; which phonetically/linguistically similar.) Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery but, moreso the bondage spiritually, financialy, and socially in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs.  Their freedom as a nation under the leadership of Moses began a traverse through the wilderness and desert lands of the Sinai Peninsual and the Levant. But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political, and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt(Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt(Upper Egypt).

Passover is considered apart of the Shalosh Regalim, or the main festivals of Israel’s commemoration to God. The day commences on the afternoon of the Hebraic, 14th of the month of Nisan/Abïb.

 This time is set for recollection and reexamination of one’s self.  Fasting & prayer is key leading up to the Passover.

In continuation already set by the first day of the Samint/Shabua (loosely translated; the week); we move into the culminating level of the count in Abïy T’zōm – አብይ ፆም/ዓቢይ ጾም.

([YeAbiy Ts’om Minbabat : Zeymawoch’na Sibketoch]) = The Readings for the “Great Fast” : Times of the Teachings/Preachings/Sermons.

http://ethiopianorthodox.org/amharic/seasonal/lentprogram.html

lent-hudade

Abiy Tsom/ Hudade = the Great Lenten Fast

RasTafari Renaissance continues to celebrate in the Tewahedo faith the “Great Fast,” or Abíy Tẓ’ōm – ዐቢይ ጾም / ዓቢይ ጾም.  This period in the Ethiopian & Eritrean Churches, which are also known as the “Tewahido/Tewahedo” churches clustered with the other Orthodox sister churches (ie. Greek Orthodox, Syrian Orthodox, Russian Orthodox etc.) have similar practices which have orderly examples in which they observe this time leading up to Passover; known to the greater world as “Easter.”  You may know of this time especially in the West, that leads to Easter.

[the Three Pilgrimage feast/festivals – Shalosh Regalim]

The narrative of the Exodus from the Scriptures, [Exo. 23: 15], gives the overlay of the children of Israel story in Rgypt.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

http://www.jewfaq.org/holidaya.htm

Passover commemorates the story of the Exodus, in which the ancient Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt. Passover begins on the 15th day of the month of Nisan in the Jewish calendar, which is in spring in the Northern Hemisphere, and is celebrated for seven or eight days. It is one of the most widely observed Jewish holidays.

 

To the Ethiopian & Eritrean Orthodox Churches, Lent (Hūdădæ – ሑዳዴ) Abíy Tẓ’ōm,  means a period of fasting when the faithful undergo a rigorous schedule of prayers and penitence. This fast is observed with greater rigor than any other fast and it is a test of one’s Christianity.  One who fails to keep it is not considered a good Christian.  Properly observed it nullifies the sins committed during the rest of the year.  The faithful should abstain from all food except bread, water and salt.  It consists of about 56 days (opposite of the Western Christian – 40 days), all meat is forbidden, and also, what are called “lactina/lactose;” milk, butter, cheese, eggs, etc, by practical sense.

This eighth week’s readings, focus on verses from the Book of John chapter 11: verses 1-10.

Each week of the Great Lent has its own name associated with what Christ did or taught. The names and the corresponding part for readings, of the bible are shown below with each Sunday heralding the beginning of each week & focus reading.

http://www.eotc.faithweb.com/

[NOTE:]  Usually, small children of are excluded from these practices until the age of maturity has surfaced.

(around pre-teen, or the teenage period)

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent [2]

https://ethnomed.org/calendar/abiy-tsom-lent-2016

Fasting is appears in many religions around the world, but, as ones would know, in the west it has lost its rigour for the majority of peoples. However, in the Ethiopian/Eritrean Orthodox church & to the extent of the other Orthodox churches of the east; there are many fasting days through the year.  In the most strict observances, all fasters would be vegan for half the year.  The longest of the fasts is our topic here in the Hudade(i)/ Abiy Tsom season.  So, as the Lenten Fast or the “Great Fast,” leads up to Easter/Passover it is variously known in dfferent forms, and the majority of adherent of the Orthodox churches approximately fast for these 55 days every year.

LINKS:

http://www.ethiopianorthodoxchurch.info/CalanderFastsFeasts

https://rastafari.tv/ethiopia-hosanna-palm-sunday-orthodox-tradition/

https://books.google.com/books?id=iKKFuJkuVZcC&pg=PA178&lpg=PA178&dq=hosanna+ethiopian+church&source=bl&ots=pHvpwMrgqp&sig=MdVsjYj_xw3rrRrwOWENFWxOQCw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjg57rWvZraAhVK11MKHUS8A5Y4ChDoAQgwMAI#v=onepage&q=hosanna%20ethiopian%20church&f=false

✡ Chief Rabbi Wentworth A. Matthew Memorial Day ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

 

I welcome you all to yet another posting here on Ras Tafari Renaissance, for the a memorial in acknowledgment of the Chief Rabbi and head of the Black Jews in America, the pioneer; Rabbi Wentworth Authur Matthew.

rabbi wentworth a. matthew (photo by james van derzee)

So much can be said about this wonderfully gifted and blessed individual, but we will try to leave most of the more in-depth points of this man’s life up to your research.  Rabbi Matthew, wasn’t a completely complex individual especially, to those who knew him well, or knew of his work.  A leader, teacher, innovator, poised and extremely aware the world around him and at large.

rabbi wentwerth a. matthew and member of the commandment keepers congregation

To those who have yet to take a look into this great man’s life and his life’s work, you are in for a treat as you will find that he was steadfast in his teachings, loyal to those around him.  But, in most of all very truthful in his analogies, appropriations and actions.

rabbi wentwerth a. matthew2

So, today we do him his well-deserved honor as a brother, teacher, scholar, organizer of men, and pioneer among many.

We give thanks to the father for him, coming to leave a legacy, and work of love for his people.

Chief Rabbi Wentworth A. Matthew

Rabbi Wentwerth A. Matthew

We here at Ras Tafari Renaissance, are happy to announce that a compilation of film production has been found to be in the works and as per research, reportedly in the postproduction phase.  We lend our full support to the finalization of this project for the cataloguing of the lives of the participants of the Commandments Keepers Congregation of the Living God, Inc; the Rabbinical College of the Royal Order of the Ethiopian Hebrews otherwise known as the “Black Jews of Harlem.”

***

This film is said to be produced and directed by Marlaine Glicksman, & hopefully if word makes it to her and the organization supporting this work; we encourage, and exhort the efforts brought forward to this point.  We also firmly stand with the information that is surely to be revealed, as per our own research and findings into this once vibrant and far-reaching community, as well as its remnant in complete solidarity.

links (references):

✡ Chief Rabbi Wentworth A. Matthew Day ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to yet another posting here on Ras Tafari Renaissance, for the a memorial in acknowledgment of the Chief Rabbi and head of the Black Jews in America, the pioneer; Rabbi Wentworth Authur Matthew.

rabbi wentworth a. matthew (photo by james van derzee)

So much can be said about this wonderfully gifted and blessed individual, but we will try to leave most of the more in-depth points of this man’s life up to your research.  Rabbi Matthew, wasn’t a completely complex individual especially, to those who knew him well, or knew of his work.  A leader, teacher, innovator, poised and extremely aware the world around him and at large.

rabbi wentwerth a. matthew and member of the commandment keepers congregation

To those who have yet to take a look into this great man’s life and his life’s work, you are in for a treat as you will find that he was steadfast in his teachings, loyal to those around him.  But, in most of all very truthful in his analogies, appropriations and actions.

rabbi wentwerth a. matthew2

So, today we do him his well-deserved honor as a brother, teacher, scholar, organizer of men, and pioneer among many.

We give thanks to the father for him, coming to leave a legacy, and work of love for his people.

Chief Rabbi Wentworth A. Matthew

Rabbi Wentwerth A. Matthew

links (references):

30th RSS#(፴/ל) Portion Study

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

RRR - prototype (2015-16)

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Kedôshïm – קְדֹשִׁים; on the 5th – , & on the 6th – , from a Jewish/Hebrew mode of study for those out in the diaspora, living outside of Jerusalem or Israel; on of the month of Iyyar (אִייָר) or otherwise known as Ziw(v) – [זיו] . (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as Qídusán – ቅዱሳን; (with its correspondence to the Sun) & to the Ethiopic calendar, which is solar, calculating to the 5th – ፭, & on the 6th – ፮of the month of G’nbot(ግንቦት) for this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Leviticus 19:1- 20:27

Amos 9: 7-20

I Corinthians 6: 9-20

I Peter 1: 13-16

Kedoshi’yim – Q’dusan; has a literal English translation of “the holy ones,” or “the saints.”

Torah-Scroll

The study begins with GOD speaking to Moses, and the children of Israel, saying “make thyselves Holy for He, himself is Holy.”  God, intending to make the children of Israel, “up their game,” in one way or another, by slang terminology.  But, in a literal sense, God sought the children of Israel to turn from ways that hadn’t gotten them anywhere spiritually, physically, and mentally, as a group.  The children of Israel were to adhere to certain principles, laws, commandments, ordinances etc…..

kedoshim - parsha4

The children of Israel were also given to more laws, commandments and statutes to live by, even while in the wilderness.  Also, the tilling and agricultural aspects of what the Hebrew people were to align their workings to was given to them by the words of God.  By Moses‘ teachings, given to him by God, the Hebrews were able to begin to formulate and sharpen skills needed to continue building the seed of the nation, which was promised to their predecessors; Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob.

"The Gleaners" by Gustave Dore' (1865)

“The Gleaners” by Gustave Dore’ (1865)

✡ Shemini Atz’eret_(שמיני עצרת)_ “The 8th Day of Assembly” ✤ BeS’mintegnawm Q’en (በስምንትኛውም ቀን) ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

This is Lidj Yefdi, here at Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations, hoping all of you are in good health: mind, body & spirit; & if you just happen to be on the downside of your particular scenario, I, personally hope, wish & pray that you be given, as well as, you receive, the strength which is needed to overcome the specific situation.

As we have completed a cycle of Torah reading/studies, we as Hebrew people, as well as they who choose to assemble again, to commemorate the Hebraic memorial of Sukkot.  As Sukkot, is an “Ingathering” for faithful Hebrews, this assembly on the eighth day of a seven day festival renders a Sabbath of completion of Torah readings and Hebrew Year. (also gathering of the harvest)

shemini atzeret

Some may include, Shemini Atz’eret with the days of Sukkot or regard them as one, but this is not the case.  Shemini At’zeret was to be a sloemn assembly of its own.

Some Sukkot observances carry over into Shemini At’zeret; seeing as it is the closing the Sukkot memorial.  Readings, from the Torah & Nebi’im, along with services in most synagogues/temples of Hebraic peoples are read, where a Prayer/Psalm for Rain [Tefillat Gesham], for the year ahead, (for the crops, that were to be grown) may be recited.

Hebrew-Feasts

NOTES:

Genesis 48: 16

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shemini_Atzeret

Leviticus 23: 33-43

https://www.hebcal.com/holidays/shmini-atzeret

Numbers 29: 35-30:1

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Shemini_Atzeret/shemini_atzeret.html

Psalms 27

Deuteronomy 29: 35

✡Hōshánna Raba (הושענא רבא) ✤ Hosaïna (ሆሣዕና)✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

 This is Lidj Yefdi, wishing everyone a very blessed recogition of Hoshana!
This Hebraic celebration culminates the appointed time of the High Holy days congruent with Sukkot.
The final day of Sukkot brings us to Hoshanna Raba.  Hoshanna Raba, is the commemoration of the “Supplication,” or the “Divine Judgment.”

Orthodox Jews, and other Chassidic sects gather for a special service.  In this special service the participants make seven (7) circuits in ritual, around the synagogue with their made lula(b)v & etrons.  (*symbolic of Sukkot)

Sephardic Jew on the Hebraic celebration of Hoshanna Raba.

Sephardic Jew on the Hebraic celebration of Hoshanna Raba.

In variating sects, the Shofar(or the trumpet) is sounded after every circuit is made.  The Torah scrolls are taken out of the made Arks on this commemoration day as well.  Reasoning behind these ritualistic principles is recognizing the “Final Judgment” in the last days from the initiation of the seasonal appointed times. (Hebraic holidays)*

hebrew-calendar-months-and-feast-cycle

Judgment , in doctrine of the European Jewish theory, for the new year is sealed on Yom Kippur but, not delivered until Hoshanna.  These teachings come from the original interpretation of the celebration, and memorials of the Hebrew people, especially from the time of the 2nd Temple of Jerusalem.

483783_444007739009832_886150117_n

In the Midrash, there is also another application containing the willow.  “The “Day of the Willow,” when on the seventh day, traditionally participants in Hoshanna Raba take a willow and have it present with the other “4 Species” or “4 Kinds”.  (of the symbols from Sukkot)*

Sukkot-4species

Now, from an Ethiopic perspective and a Christian one, Hosanna (Hoshanna) takes on a bit a different interpretation.  But, repentance is most certainly a theme echoed in it as well.  But, also with that repentance is the recognition of the significance of Christ. of course.  Christ rode into Jerusalem on the back of donkey(ass) with the Disciples and the palms, were carried by all of the people.  Very significant when you are able to compare this from Scripture to the practices and tradtions of the Jewish and Hebrew people celebration Hoshanna.

Ethiopian painting of Hosanna. Christ rides into Jerusalem with palms being carried by the people. He was welcomed liked royalty into Holy City of David.

Ethiopian painting of Hosanna. Christ rides into Jerusalem with palms being carried by the people. He was welcomed liked royalty into Holy City of David.

Notes:

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4495/jewish/Hoshana-Rabbah.htm

Matt. 21:9 ; 15 ; Mrk. 11:9-10 ;  Jhn. 12:13

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0009_0_09257.html

http://www.ethiopianorthodoxchurch.info/CalanderFastsFeastsDays.html

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Hoshana_Rabbah/hoshana_rabbah.html

54th (ክፍል/פרשה) Study: Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

432_417386508351927_1732265329_n

So, with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, nonetheless studied either the Torah portion of W(V)’zot HaBerachah – וְזֹאת הַבְּרָכָה, from the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the year 5776 year, this Sabbath day, (as the Hebraic year comes to a close) would probably be accounted for as the 19th-יט, & the 20th-כ, day of the Hebrew month of the month of Tishrei-תִּשְׁרִי(the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known also as, YeBâräkäbát Bäräkät Y’hich Nát – የባረከባት በረከት ይህች ናት.  This would calculate as the 21st-፳፩, & the 22nd-፳፪, of the month of Meskerém-መስከረም.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Deuteronomy 33:1- 34:12

Joshua 1: 1-18

Revelations 22: 1-5

On this Sabbath day, Moses blesses the children of Israel, before he passes on atop Mount Nebo.

wezot habarakh'ah - parsha (Mount_Nebo)

Moses, recalled Jacob’s blessing to his twelve sons, who become the progenitors of the Twelve Tribes of Israel.  Moses blessed each tribe, individually in the community of Israel.

[Deut. 33: 1-27]

wezot habarakh'ah - parsha (blessing_israel)

Upon the passing of Moses, & there arose not another prophet like to Moses, among Israel, since then.  But, even so, Joshua succeeded Moses, & led the children of Israel, over the river Jordan.

[Deut. 34: 1-12]

Moses _ an Orthodox Christian (Coptic) painting [St.Takla.org]

…Israel mourned the passing of Moses for thirty days….

for there would never be another that knew God face-to-face, to date

bamibar - parsha [encampment of the Bnei Ysrael]