Tag Archives: 5780 HC/JC

✤ TINS(h)A’E – ትንሣኤ – “RESURRECTION” ✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopic Tewahido-Orthodox, celebration of Fasika.  In other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’ale Tinsa’e – በዓለ ትንሣኤ.

I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherance to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic Passover(Pesach/ PesaKH’-פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread(KH’ag/ Chag Ha’Motz’ot-Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread
Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread


Ethiopian Injera - Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa'e)
Ethiopian Injera – Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa’e)


Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season (often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade-ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome-ዓቢይ ጾመ.

[The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortification. Self denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things. It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed on the faithful the longest and most austere fasts in the world. Fasting implies abstention from food and drink. Special days are appointed for fasting. Every Wednesday and Friday are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord and on Friday they crucified him.]

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church-(Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fetha Nägäst-or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}





☩ Timk(Q)et – ጥምቀት በዓል – “Baptism” ☩

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to again to Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations, for the Ethiopic celebration of Timk(Q)et.  Timket, is the Ethiopian-Christian celebration in a symbolic manner of “Baptism” or “Epiphany.”  Today, Ethiopian/Eritrean Orthodox (Tewahedo/ Tewahido) Christians will be celebrating the feast of Timkat, deemed by some as the most important holiday for the Ethopian Orthodox faithful. TimQat usually begins on January 19th and is usually celebrated for three days.

timket qes

Celebrated on the 10th day of the (ወርኀ)month of T’ir (ጥር), it commemorates the Adoration of the Magi, who followed the Star of the East, & the Baptism of Christ.
In other references Epiphany, this specific celebration commemorated the wedding at Cana, also.

[see Mrk chpt.2;  Jhn chpt.2]


In the Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Church, it is the most important festival in the year, seeing as how the Tabot – ታቦት, or the representation of the Ark of the Covenant is wrapped in priestly cloth and lead in procession for a reenactment of the Baptism of Christ, in the Jordan River.


Many Eastern Orthodox Christians have various celebrations, rites, an rituals for the feast day, as well. One of the most noticeable acts are sights, of priests processing through the prospective municipalities with replicas of the Ark of the Covenant.  This gesture is mores seen and been recorded in Erirtea/Ethiopia; symbolically reenacting the before Baptism of Christ at the Jordan.

 Russian icon of the Theophany (Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, 1497).

Russian icon of the Theophany (Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, 1497).

The Divine Liturgy is recited and celebrated near a stream or pool, early in the morning (approx 2 a.m., by the priesthood & some of the devout). Then the nearby body of water is blessed towards dawn, and sprinkled on the participants, some of whom enter the water and immerse themselves, as the old tradition carries; symbolically renewing their Baptismal vows.


Highlights of the festival are usually observed best at places such as:

  • the Castles of Gondar
  • the Spectacular scenery in the Simien Mountains
  • near Stelae in Axum
  • at the Rock-hewn churches of Lalibela

** FOR FURTHER STUDY** list links below:









✶Day of Atonement_Yom Kippur (יוֹם כִּפּוּר) ☩ Astesryo Qen (አስተስርዮ ቀን)✶

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Greetings, yet again to one and all, from “Lidj Yefdi” (pronounced Lij; Yêf-dee).

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations wishes that all have had a peaceful, Yom Kippur.  The Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year on the Hebraic/Jewish calendar.


Jewish people traditionally observe this holy day with a 25-hour period of fasting, and intensive prayer, where many usually spend most of the day in synagogue services. Yom Kippur(or the “Day of Atonement”) completes the annual period known in Judaism as the High Holy Days(or the “Days of Awe”-Yamim Noraim-ימים נוראים‎).

hebrew lunar cycle calendar

Some scholars, and others say there is a link to Kapporet, the “mercy seat” or covering of the Ark of the Covenant.

yom-kippur (Kapperet_Ark-of-the-Covenant)

During the Days of Awe, a Jewish/Hebrew person tries to amend his or her behavior and seek forgiveness for wrongs done against God and against other human beings.

As one of the most culturally significant in Hebrew holidays, Yom Kippur is known and observed as a memorial by Hebrews, Jewish people,Israelites, & many others the like across cultural heritages.

Coming from Ethiopic Hebraic perspective, Yom Kippur or the “Day of Atonement,” is known as Astesryo Q’en/ Seryet Q’en – አስተስርዮ ቀን/ ሰርየት ቀን.

yom-kippur14 (astesryo qen-day of atonement) repentance

As the holiest day of the year, the “Day of Atonement,” one of the main reasons for the season is repentance.  Repentance, leading toward choosing to live as a Ts’addikim– צדיקים, or “one of the righteous“. On the flipside, one could choose to become or continue in the ways of the Reshai’im-רשעים, or the “wicked.”

This choice is to made, because the Ts’addikim will be written into the Sefer HaChayim-ספר החיים, or the “Book of Life,” & the Rashai’im to the “Book of Death.”

Ethiopian Jews

Ethiopian Jews-Beta Israel

This Sabbath of Sabbaths was to be a Sabbath of “Return“, hence the Hebrew term for atoning for sin….Teshuba – תשובה.

Kol Nidre prayer printed by Zvi Hirsch Spitz Segal; Machor to Yom Kippur

Kol Nidre prayer printed by Zvi Hirsch Spitz Segal; Machor to Yom Kippur


Leviticus 17: 11

Leviticus 23: 26-27

Leviticus 26: 29

Isaiah 53: 6

Joel 2: 15-16

John 1: 29