Tag Archives: 2010 EC

✡ Feast of Unleavened Bread – የቂጣውን በዓል – חג המצות ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover.  In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח.  Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs, and their freedom as a nation under the leadership of.  But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political,  and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt(Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt(Upper Egypt).

Now as the celebration of Pesach has come to a close for this year and the festival/feast of Unleavened Bread has begun, we here at RRR, seek to expound on the intricate details of the second celebration which extends the joyous event of Pesach;

the Feast of Unleavened Bread-የቂጣውን በዓል – חג המצות.

- Ethiopian baked bread (Injera)

During the initiation of the Passover, the last plague (10th/tenth) placed upon the Egyptians and the Land of Egypt, the children of Israel the next morning were unable to fully prepare for the journey they were about to take through the wilderness; for they were thrust out Egypt for Pharaoh wanted nothing more to do with the Hebrews for the power of God of Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob had proven omnipotent.

[Exod. 11:29-33]

The Egyptians were urgent on getting the children of Israel, to leave the land of Egypt after the angel of death, sent by the God of the Hebrews to plague Egypt, of the all the firstborn of the land.

So, the Israelites took what they could of their own belongings, and the Egyptians lent to them what they didn’t have for fear of any plagues.  But, when it came to the food that the children of Israel sought to take with them, the bread they had baked was without leaven so the dough had no time to rise for they sought to leave Egypt abruptly.

Israel leaving Egypt _ painting by Tissot

While, in route through the wilderness the children of Israel ate unleavened bread, until there was no more bread at all; as they did for the institution of thePassover Seder.

[Exod. 12:15 ; vrs. 33-51]

LINKS: 

http://lojsociety.org/books

https://rastafarirenaissance.com/tag/feast-of-unleavened-bread/

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/Anavah/anavah.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

https://www.sefaria.org/Exodus.12.23?lang=bi&with=Onkelos%20Exodus&lang2=bi

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✤ TINS(h)A’E _ ትንሣኤ _ “RESURRECTION” ✤

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopic Tewahido-Orthodox, celebration of Fasika.  In other circles of the Liturgical adherents to the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church, the name for this observance, can also be called Be’ale Tinsa’e – በዓለ ትንሣኤ.  I refrain from using the Western Christendom adherance to the psuedo-equivalent, known as Easter; mainly because at the sheer core of the observance of Easter, stems from Greco-Roman Mythology(Eros, Easter Eggs, Easter Bunny, Greek Mythology etc.), and the origin of the celebration of Fasika, comes from the Hebraic Passover(Pesach/PesaKH’-פֶּסַח) & Feast of Unleavened Bread(KH’ag/Chag Ha’Motz’ot-Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew)).

Sh'mura Matz'ot - Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread
Sh’mura Matz’ot – Rabbinical supervised unleavened bread

 

Ethiopian Injera - Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa'e)
Ethiopian Injera – Unleavened Bread (Eaten Year-Round; not only on Fasika/Tinsa’e)

 

Fasika commemorates the Resurrection of CHRIST, though the exact day for celebration can be calculated from a perspective that is only slightly in contrast to the original calculation.  Through and through, Fasika assuredly gives a better foundation in the surreal conclusion that is the life of CHRIST.

Fasika is an extremely climatic celebration, like the Roman Catholic Church fasting season (often called “Lent“), but predating it by hundreds of years, the Ethiopian Tewahido-Orthodox Church adherents go into a fasting, and prayer period consisting of about approx., 40-to-56 days.  This important and soul-searching, period of time is known to the adherents as Hudade-ሑዳዴ, or Abiy’ Ts’ome-ዓቢይ ጾመ.

Hudade(ሑዳዴ)-Lent

[The Church, in her earliest days, recognized the necessity for her children to “chastise the body and bring it under subjection”, as St. Paul advises.  The body is ever striving for mastery over the spirit; besides the external sources of temptation, “the world”, we have always another source with us which is a part of our nature. This is the reason for mortification. Self denial is in lawful things enables us to turn with great earnestness to spiritual things. It is on these grounds that the Ethiopian church has strictly adhered to the injunctions of the Didascalia and enjoyed on the faithful the longest and most austere fasts in the world. Fasting implies abstention from food and drink. Special days are appointed for fasting. Every Wednesday and Friday are days of fasting because on Wednesday the Jews held a council in which they rejected and condemned our Lord and on Friday they crucified him.]

The fasting of this particular, observance in the Tewahido Church-(Ethiopian Orthodox Christian Church) are ordained by the Fetha Nägäst-or plainly translated to English as the “Law of the Kings.”

fetha nagast (law of the kings)

{from ethiopianorthodox.org}

 

LINKS:

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/unleavened_bread.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasika

✡ Feast of Unleavened Bread – የቂጣውን በዓል – חג המצות ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Though there has been much ground to cover, as far as, all of the occurrences, events, memorials, etc.;

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Hebraic remembrance of the Passover.  In modern Judaism, it is known by the Hebrew term as Pesach – פֶּסַח.  Jewish traditions celebrate the liberation from slavery in Egypt approx., 3,300 yrs ago by God; during the time of the Pharaohs, and their freedom as a nation under the leadership of.  But, from the Ethiopian-Hebraic perspective, the liberation came from within a spiritual, socio-political,  and religious viewpoints between Northern Egypt(Lower Egypt) & Southern Egypt(Upper Egypt).

Now as the celebration of Pesach has come to a close for this year and the festival/feast of Unleavened Bread has begun, we here at RRR, seek to expound on the intricate details of the second celebration which extends the joyous event of Pesach;

the Feast of Unleavened Bread-የቂጣውን በዓል – חג המצות.

- Ethiopian baked bread (Injera)

During the initiation of the Passover, the last plague (10th/tenth) placed upon the Egyptians and the Land of Egypt, the children of Israel the next morning were unable to fully prepare for the journey they were about to take through the wilderness; for they were thrust out Egypt for Pharaoh wanted nothing more to do with the Hebrews for the power of God of Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob had proven omnipotent.

[Exod. 11:29-33]

The Egyptians were urgent on getting the children of Israel, to leave the land of Egypt after the angel of death, sent by the God of the Hebrews to plague Egypt, of the all the firstborn of the land.

So, the Israelites took what they could of their own belongings, and the Egyptians lent to them what they didn’t have for fear of any plagues.  But, when it came to the food that the children of Israel sought to take with them, the bread they had baked was without leaven so the dough had no time to rise for they sought to leave Egypt abruptly.

Israel leaving Egypt _ painting by Tissot

While, in route through the wilderness the children of Israel ate unleavened bread, until there was no more bread at all; as they did for the institution of thePassover Seder.

[Exod. 12:15 ; vrs. 33-51]

LINKS: 

http://lojsociety.org/books

https://rastafarirenaissance.com/tag/feast-of-unleavened-bread/

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Unleavened_Bread/Anavah/anavah.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

https://www.sefaria.org/Exodus.12.23?lang=bi&with=Onkelos%20Exodus&lang2=bi

☩ Timk(Q)et – ጥምቀት በዓል – “Baptism” ☩

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to again to Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations, for the Ethiopic celebration of Timk(Q)et.  Timket, is the Ethiopian-Christian celebration in a symbolic manner of “Baptism” or “Epiphany.”  Today, Ethiopian/Eritrean Orthodox (Tewahedo/ Tewahido) Christians will be celebrating the feast of Timkat, deemed by some as the most important holiday for the Ethopian Orthodox faithful. TimQat usually begins on January 19th and is usually celebrated for three days.

timket qes

Celebrated on the 10th day of the (ወርኀ)month of T’ir (ጥር), it commemorates the Adoration of the Magi, who followed the Star of the East, & the Baptism of Christ.
In other references Epiphany, this specific celebration commemorated the wedding at Cana, also.

[see Mrk chpt.2;  Jhn chpt.2]

Epiphany-Timket-Festival-in-Addis-Ababa

In the Ethiopian Orthodox-Tewahedo Church, it is the most important festival in the year, seeing as how the Tabot – ታቦት, or the representation of the Ark of the Covenant is wrapped in priestly cloth and lead in procession for a reenactment of the Baptism of Christ, in the Jordan River.

timqet

Many Eastern Orthodox Christians have various celebrations, rites, an rituals for the feast day, as well. One of the most noticeable acts are sights, of priests processing through the prospective municipalities with replicas of the Ark of the Covenant.  This gesture is mores seen and been recorded in Erirtea/Ethiopia; symbolically reenacting the before Baptism of Christ at the Jordan.

 Russian icon of the Theophany (Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, 1497).

Russian icon of the Theophany (Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, 1497).

The Divine Liturgy is recited and celebrated near a stream or pool, early in the morning (approx 2 a.m., by the priesthood & some of the devout). Then the nearby body of water is blessed towards dawn, and sprinkled on the participants, some of whom enter the water and immerse themselves, as the old tradition carries; symbolically renewing their Baptismal vows.

timket4

Highlights of the festival are usually observed best at places such as:

  • the Castles of Gondar
  • the Spectacular scenery in the Simien Mountains
  • near Stelae in Axum
  • at the Rock-hewn churches of Lalibela

** FOR FURTHER STUDY** list links below:

http://ethiopianorthodox.org/amharic/seasonal/timket.html

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2014/jan/20/photography-ethiopia-timkat-festival-in-pictures

https://onbeing.org/blog/timkat-an-ethiopian-celebration-of-epiphany/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timkat

https://focusonthehorn.wordpress.com/2012/07/20/orthodox-modern-religion-politics-in-todays-ethiopia-part-1/

http://www.peace-on-earth.org/Ethiopia/1st.pdf

http://www.asmat.eu/scripts/article.php?Article=70-ethiopia-timkat-celebration-in-lalibela

http://www.selamtamagazine.com/stories/celebrating-timket

RSS #2 (የኖኅ/נֹחַ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with  Nōăcḥ – נוֹחַ [נֹחַ.]  on the 30th – ל, of the month of Tishreï – תִּשְׁרִי‎, & on the 1st – א, of the month of Cḥeshw(v)an – חֶשְׁוָן, [this Hebraic month is also known as; Mar’Cḥeshw(v)an – מַרְחֶשְׁוָן, in the year of 5778. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation, where the current year is 2010/7510; these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known, also as, YeNōḥ – የኖኅ.    This would calculate as the 9th – ፱, & on the 10th – ፲, of the month of T’Qĭmt-ጥቅምት.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – (ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 6:9 – 11:32

Isaiah 54:1- 55:5

Matthew 24: 36-46

Hebrews 11:7

I Peter 3: 18-22

**SHABBAT ROSH CḤODESH (CḤESHW[v]AN/Mar – CḤESHW[v[AN)***

rosh chodesh cheshwan-chehsvan (marcheshwan-marcheshvan)

As we enter into our second portion of the study of the Scriptures, we give thanks to Abba-Father, for his grace and seek continuously his knowledge & wisdom, earnestly.

This portion of study comprises the story of Noah and his three(3) sons, also the Tower of Babel.  Three very intricate stories, that have told & re-told from various perspectives.  But, in this compilation we focus on the ancient Hebraic, Ethiopic-Christian and the modern Ras Tafarian perspectives; mainly to stay on topic and bring forward a balanced viewpoint unbiased to the truth of these elaborate mythos.

noach - parsha [epic-of-gilgamesh-flood-myth]

In continuation of the Torah studies, on this Sabbath the times of Noah, are the focus.  The study portions deal mostly with the Great Flood, (which has a significant resemblance of the Epic of Gilgamesh mythos).

noach - parsha [great flood and the Ark]

This portion also deals with the building of Noah’s Ark, which God had commanded him to build for the coming of the Great Flood.  Mainly for the iniquity of the world.  The world before the flood had become extremely corrupted  and vain, so God had planned to “wash” the world in a sense, of its corrupted mentality.

"The Animals Enter the Ark" _ (watercolor circa 1896–1902 painting by James Tissot

The Animals Enter the Ark” _ (watercolor circa 1896–1902 painting by James Tissot

Huge Ark(Boat) found in Egypt on the Giza plateau _ Biblical Noah's Ark

Huge Ark(Boat) found in Egypt on the Giza plateau _ Biblical Noah’s Ark

After the Flood, Noah made an offering to God.  God at this point, vowed that

“the Earth would not again be cursed to the ground any more for man’s sake.  The imagination of man’s heart evil [vain] from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.”

[Gen. 8: 20-21]

Noah Descending from Mount Ararat _ painting by Ivan Aivazovsky [ca. 1889]

Noah Descending from Mount Ararat _ painting by Ivan Aivazovsky [ca. 1889]

noach - parasha [Urartu-MountAraratMap]

The studies also bring us to the truths and lies of the alleged “Curse of Ham.”

 

Supposedly in the interpretations of the story of Noah’s sons; the three men were of three different races.  Truthfully speaking we here at RRR, could not consent to this external Biblical interpretation of most of these commentators.

noach - parsha [shem ham yapheth]

Our reasoning can be found in the confirmation of the sciences that give a more profound elaboration of these ancient texts.  For example, in regards to the “RACE” question of the three sons of Noah; we clearly recognize that proven by science congruent to the Scriptures, there is only ONE race (human).

– http://www.livescience.com/47627-race-is-not-a-science-concept.html (RACE IS NOT A SCIENCE CONCEPT)

– https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_racism (SCIENTIFIC RACISM)

http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/busting-myths-about-human-nature/201204/race-is-real-not-in-the-way-many-people-think (RACE IS REAL BUT NOT IN THE WAY MANY PEOPLE THINK)

Which Is The Truth?...How about you tell us? _ Genesis 9: 25

Which Is The Truth?…How about you tell us? _

[Genesis 9: 25]

"Building the Tower of Babel" _ (watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot)

“Building the Tower of Babel” _ (watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot)

The Sabbath readings also conclude with the story of the Tower of Babel.  Another story from the Scriptures that has been diluted with its dissemination.

the Tower of Babel

study notes:

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Scripture/Parashah/parashah.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noach_%28parsha%29

http://www.chabad.org/parshah/article_cdo/aid/3155/jewish/Noach-in-a-Nutshell.htm

http://www.chabad.org/media/pdf/242/HuVB2427470.pdf

✡ Shemini Atz’eret (שמיני עצרת) “The 8th Day of Assembly” ✤ BeS’mintegnawm Q’en (በስምንትኛውም ቀን) ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to yet another posting in one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

This is Lidj Yefdi, here at Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations, hoping all of you are in good health: mind, body & spirit; & if you just happen to be on the downside of your particular scenario, I, personally hope, wish & pray that you be given, as well as, you receive, the strength which is needed to overcome the specific situation.

As we have completed a cycle of Torah reading/studies, we as Hebrew people, as well as they who choose to assemble again, to commemorate the Hebraic memorial of Sukkot.  As Succoth, is an “Ingathering” for faithful Hebrews, this assembly on the eighth day of a seven day festival renders a Sabbath of completion of Torah readings and Hebrew Year. (also gathering of the harvest)

shemini atzeret

Some may include, Shemini Atz’eret with the days of Sukkot or regard them as one, but this is not the case.  Shemini At’zeret was to be a sloemn assembly of its own.

Some Sukkot observances carry over into Shemini At’zeret; seeing as it is the closing the Sukkot memorial.  Readings, from the Torah & Nebi’im, along with services in most synagogues/temples of Hebraic peoples are read, where a Prayer/Psalm for Rain [Tefillat Gesham], for the year ahead, (for the crops, that were to be grown) may be recited.

Hebrew-Feasts

NOTES:

Genesis 48: 16

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shemini_Atzeret

Leviticus 23: 33-43

https://www.hebcal.com/holidays/shmini-atzeret

Numbers 29: 35-30:1

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Shemini_Atzeret/shemini_atzeret.html

Psalms 27

Deuteronomy 29: 35

✡ Succoth (סֻכּוֹת) ✤ Das Be’al (ዳስ በዓል) ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to yet another posting in one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).


Again, this is Lidj Yefdi, wishing everyone a very blessed Sukkot!  Other names for this High Holy Day or appointed time as translated from the Hebrew language comes to us as; the “Feast of Booths,” the “Tabernacles/Festival of Tabernacles,” or as the “Ingathering.”

sukkot4

The Festival of Sukkot begins on the 15th, of the Hebrew month of Tishrei & is observed for seven days. (five days after Yom Kippur)  Sukkot, is in many ways very opposite to the observance of Yom Kippur, especially as ones would know and find it among peoples of today.  One reason in saying this is that Sukkot is very joyful and it is commonly referred to in modern day Jewish prayer and literature as Z’man Símcḥatéinu זמן שמחתינו; more literally translated to the English language as: “The Season of Our Rejoicing.”  Now in a similar fashion of the celebration of Passover and Shabuot, Sukkot has a significance that is doubled in a sense, especially when pertaining to its historical and agricultural perspectives.

Mirrors of Hamo-Shemitic culture: Ethiopian Tekuloch in the country side (resemblances of the succahs)

Mirrors of Hamo-Shemitic culture: Ethiopia in the country side (resemblances of the Succah)

In a historical manner, the celebration of Sukkot commemorates the (40) forty-year period during which the children of Israel were wandering in the wilderness, living in temporary shelters.  Hence, for the term “Feast or Festival of Tabernacles,” in the similar way the Tabernacle/Tent of Meeting and encampment of the children of Israel was constructed while making the Exodus with the significant role of the furnishings playing their respective parts.  Agriculturally, Sukkot is a harvest festival and is sometimes referred to as Chag Ha’Asífחג האסף, translating to the “Festival of Ingathering.”

[Lev. 23: 34- ; Deut. 16: 13-15]

hebrew-calendar-months-and-feast-cycle

Sukkot is the third and the culmination of the Shalosh Regalim, or commonly known as the “Three Pilgrimage Festivals of Israel.”

Shalosh Regalim- Three Pilgrimage Festivals; in which an emphasis on men of the Hebrew lineage were to make for the God of Israel.

Shalosh Regalim– Three Pilgrimage Festivals; in which an emphasis on men of the Hebrew lineage were to make for the God of Israel.

Sukkot is a very joyous festival/feast day, & there are various ways of maintaining observances.  In the final of day of the memorial of Sukkot, the day is referred to as HoShanna Rabbah, which is a special observance with the use of bundling willow branches.

Sukkot_4 Species

Sukkot_4 Species

Sukkot, in summation is the children of Israel residing in a temporary state, resembling & calling to remembrance the time in the wilderness post-Exodus but, pre-entering into the Land of Promise.

STUDY NOTES:

Leviticus 23: 33-36

Deuteronomy 16: 13-16

http://www.mechon-mamre.org/jewfaq/holiday5.htm

http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday5.htm

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Sukkot/sukkot.html