🎊መልካም አዲስ ዓመት_ (Melkam Addis Amet‼️)_Happy Ethiopian New Year🎊

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

08B0876E-5887-4DB2-958C-7F38DB4DDB5A

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations is here wishing you all a VERY HAPPY ETHIOPIAN NEW YEAR!

RRR is proud to have been here studying, giving commentary, and sharing in the fellowship of Ras Tafari.  It has been thoroughly enjoyable, fulfilling to see the responses from all the people from all walks of life, seeking truth, wherever it may be found when pertaining to the Scriptures, (in the light of Ras Tafari), so on & so forth.

We have come through OUR Hebrew-Lunar cycle of time-keeping and will continue our Torah for the Hebraic year, which has brought to year 5781-5782.  But, in OUR Ethiopic-Solar New Year (2014/7514 EC). Which marks quite a significant year, prophetically from a Biblical perspective.

We also would like to alert ones that in the United States of America 🇺🇸, in & around the Washington, D.C., areas; in the capital houses the largest concentrated area of Ethiopian & Eritrean diasporans.  In this American capital area the Addis Amet/ Enkutatash New Year has been added officially* to the religious national recognized holidays. All due to credit to the economically upwardly mobile and politically active diasporans; 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generations.

Sun & Moon Ethiopic symbols utilized by Tsehai Publishing.
Sun & Moon Ethiopic symbols utilized by Tsehai Publishing.

Though, the year has had its times of trial and times of joy, & some seem to outweigh the other, we all have come though another year, in hopes of seeing many more.

(RTR wishes peace, and prosperity to you all!)

Going forward, RTR, has a few short announcements to make… There has begun a process for bringing forward hard copies of this past year’s Sabbath readings with RRR commentary, & availability with be provided for all of those who, wish seek to retain a copies.

(Please, stand by?…)

https://www.lulu.com/en/us/shop/rastafari-groundation/ethiopian-calendar-2013-rastafari-groundation-compilation-2020-2021/paperback/product-zwjyqd.html?page=1&pageSize=4

E170C086-AEDD-4075-9973-03969F0395E6

We also would like to take some time out to thank the LOJ Society, Inc., for its commitment, labor of love, and inspiration all of those individuals especially behind the scenes that have provided RRR with the spark to produce the site you see before you!  Misgana(Amharic for “Thanks”)

We BIG UP, RasTafari Midrashim, Ras Tafari Gardeing, Ras Tafari SOUTH, Ras Tafari Redemption, Ras Tafari TV, Melek Media House, each & everyone celebrating the Ethiopian New Year season; far & widefor being an interesting posting blog and coming forward to present intriguing insight into various topics, in & of the world, also through the I-sight of Ras Tafari! Misgana

etyyopiya shall stretch forth her hands(Ps.68_31)

We thank ALL of the Supporters and visitors, those who may have spread the word whenever a post was made hear at RRR.  We look forward to seeing what will inspire you to do something meaningful, in the near and far future.  For all of this we give thanks to none other but the MOST HIGH! & for bringing safely to yet another year.

addis amet-አዲስ ዓመት-happy new year

Please stay tuned, to these blog posts, because there’s is so much more to come…

https://www.lulu.com/en/us/shop/rastafari-groundation/ethiopian-calendar-2013-rastafari-groundation-compilation-2020-2021/paperback/product-zwjyqd.html?page=1&pageSize=4

The Hebraic Calendar looks strikingly parallel to the Babylonian Calendar, and there is clear influence from the time of the “Babylonian Captivity.”  In its earliest stage, the Hebrew months were numbered, names did not exist in the sense of a Hebraic phrase.  The supposed Hebrew names eventually adopted were versions of the Babylonian names for its calendar.  As in the Babylonian tendencies,  a month like “Nisan” was originally the first month of the year. Tishri became the first month along with the western part of the Seleucid empire, and it remains so today.

Despite this obvious Babylonian influence, Hebraic or more specifically, Israelite peoples did not adopt the regular nineteen (19)-year cycle for inserting intercalary months, nor did they use Babylonian mathematical calculation(s) of eahc and every new moon’s cyclical period.   The decision to insert an extra month was made by the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem on rather vague criteria such as the appearance of new plants. {ex. the celebration Tu B’Shib(v)at – ט״ו בשבט or the used a smaller acronym for the “the New Year of Trees.”}, or by literal translation; the fifteenth (15)th of the month of Shebat/Shivat.  Because they measured neither the equinox nor helical/ solar risings, the old Hebrew calendar cannot be reconstructed by a mathematical formula.

Another difference between the Hebraic and the Babylonian Calendars (respectively,) are the treatment of the seven (7-day) cycle.  Its been presented that the ancient Babylonians had what could’ve clearly been specualted to precede the Hebraic/Jewish seven (7)-day cycle, but the days around the new moon when it was invisible were NOT included.  In the Hebraic sense of things, the seven (7)-day interval, between Sabbaths runs independently of the months & years.  There are no “epagomenal,” interval/ interregnum, or intercalary days.  The days are numbered one (1)-to-seven (7).  Only on the Sabbath, or hebraically speaking, …. “the seventh day,” is named, although day six (6) is sometimes called Ereb(v) Shabbat = ערב שבת; or loosely translate to, “the day preceding the Sabbath.”

Ethiopian Calendar 2013 – Rastafari Groundation Compilation 2020-2021

The Ethiopian calendar comprises of thirteen (13) months.  Twelve (12) months of thirty (30) days each, also consisting of one (1) month of five (5) days.  This final month includes a day more to stay six (6) each fourth (4th) year.  Thus, any leap or intercalary year, clarifying why an Ethiopian Unused Year day substitutes between two (2) days within the Gregorian calendar, this appearing inconsistency is but a result of interpretation.  The title of the Ethiopian year begins with the month is Meskerem, which is situated a week or so into the what is known as the seventh (7th) month of the Gregorian calendar;  while that of the final month shows up in transliteration as Pagumen/ Págūmæ [Pàgʷümé] – ጳጒሜንጳጉሜ.  

Some historical interpreters and analysts would say this intercalary calculations is unique to Ethiopia & Eritrea, or that specific area of the Horn of Africa but, upon further research and verification its has been presented that the 

references | links: 

The Ethiopian Calendar – the origin and the principle

  • From ἐπαγόμενος, epagomenos (present participle passive of ἐπάγειν, epagein “to bring in”) + -al

Ethiopian Time

https://archive.org/details/journeywilliamr01ruysgoog

“Berbers mark New Year in Algeria, welcoming 2968”. 12 January 2018. Retrieved 25 June 2019The Berber calendar is an agrarian system, based around the seasons and agricultural work, that was inspired by the Julian calendar.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julian_calendar 

  • Stern, Sacha (2012). Calendars in Antiquity: Empires, States and Societies. Oxford University Press.

Hibret Culture Hoodie

“Hibret”- ኅብረት = Union/Cooperative; pertaining to a society. ET.AMH language

$49.99

** Pioneers: Contribute to the “Changing of the Guard” & the (Yamim Nora’im – ימים נוראים)**

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to yet another posting here at Ras Tafari Renaissance!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

As we bring 2021’s month of August to a close, and quickly approach September along with this site’s renewal focal point we reflect on a couple of little known giants of their respective fields of expertise. Before that we encourage our site’s visitors to again put more emphasis on education, in ALL things! Seeing as the last couple of years have been quite the unexpected, to say the least.

(as pertaining to current outbreak situation; and worldwide economic conundrum)

We remind ones that this particular time of year is not only significant to us here at Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations but also, the greater society. Especially, those with stronger focuses on business, finance, economics, etc. We approach a spiritually important point in a cyclical pattern of practice and discipline seen in the Hebraic and much older eastern Orthodox-Christian communities.

( – to some degree many can account this to Islamic, and also more archaic societal orders and tribal lineages and groups. )

In August 2021, world-renowned and vastly known historian/anthropologist Runoko Rashidi (L) passed on the second [2], of the month while continuing his travels, and research in Egypt, among other places. Rashidi clearly has been documented as the author of numerous literary works concerning subject matters on anthropology, history, & world civilizations.

Reggae pioneer, and iconic sound engineer/music producer Rainford Hugh “Lee Scratch” Perry (R), was reported to have passed away on the twenty-ninth [29], of the month. Perry, not only has been accredited with being the first known to create the sounds that produced and became used as Reggae and Dub Step, but is also rumored and many attest to him being the first producer of ones such as: …”Bob” Marley, Peter Tosh, & Bunny Wailer, before their formation with into the “Wailers.” Perry is also known for being quite an influential individual throughout the Jamaican and the Ras Tafari, communities.

“There is an abundance of serious scholars in the African American canon, but few as intrepid, wide-ranging, and resourceful as Runoko Rashidi. When you have interviewed John G. Jackson, Ivan Van Sertima, and challenged the conclusions of Cheikh Anta Diop as Rashidi did, then your credentials are unquestionable. An obituary states that Rashidi passed on August 2, but his prodigious research, his profound and endless curiosity on the global African presence is forever with us.
Herb Boyd ; Amsterdam News, NY;

http://amsterdamnews.com/news/2021/aug/05/runoko-rashidi-intrepid-scholar-global-african-pre/


In times such as these, where so much uncertainty arises and, clouds the otherwise, straight-forward judgment and “business-as-usual,” attitudes of many people in our world today we find ourselves instead, having notions of reminiscing of periods when the aforementioned was the order of the day. But, as the world continues to change and spin, we’ve been thrusted to into an adjustment period that has been quietly in the works, for quite some time. As the ‘Fiscal year,’ or the one-year term (usually twelve month term especially, in the United States of America, and corresponds to the rest of the Western Hemisphere or known “western world” nations.) for government and business financial reporting, this time period ironically correlates to the Ethiopic & Hebraic times of renewal. This realization also speaks to the earlier asserted point of an adjustment period in which many scholastics would attests to the manner and forms in which we account to the calculations of counting time, days, months, and years is different or at the least altered from the way we account for these calculations today.

[ – simply put, New Year times/calculations]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/September

https://www.wsj.com/articles/september-is-the-real-new-year-1473875636

https://www.dictionary.com/e/september/

http://www.webexhibits.org/calendars/year-history.html

Now, with this all in mind come to our second highlighted individual for his prominent influence among Ras Tafari and moreso, the Reggae and greater musical community. Rainford Hugh “Lee Scratch” Perry

The Jamaican Observer reports that Perry died Sunday at the Noel Holmes Hospital in western Jamaica. Cause of death was unknown at press time. Andrew Holness, the Prime Minister of Jamaicatweeted Sunday, “My deep condolences to the family, friends, and fans of legendary record producer and singer, Rainford Hugh Perry, O.D.(Order of Distinction; a Jamaican national honors system honorific title of achievement), affectionately known as ‘Lee Scratch’ Perry. He has worked with and produced for various artistes, including Bob Marley & the Wailers, the Congos, Adrian Sherwood, the Beastie Boys, and many others. Undoubtedly, Lee “Scratch” Perry will always be remembered for his sterling contribution to the music fraternity. May his soul Rest In Peace.”

https://www.rollingstone.com/music/music-news/lee-scratch-perry-dead-obit-1045198/

These two individuals passing at this time pendant time in season gives quite the perspective for those who’re more in tune, with the spiritual and historical aspects of similar topics from which we discuss here often. Even with all of the commotion of the current pandemic, though it seems to be sliding to the downtrend slightly, we reflect on the coming years in hopes that much understanding and careful tactics of restructuring ones lives and environments, for the better, becomes the new normal.

Since the inception of Ras Tafari it has been clear that the Ras Tafarians proclaim ancestral heritage with Hebraic peoples of antiquity.  Sharing ancestry with the Imperial House of David’sSolomonic Dynasty, in Ethiopia; by way of King Solomon & the Queen of Sheba.  With that said, seeing how Ethiopia has become the ONLY Christian church upholding its Hebraic traditions intact, it should hold a critical place in the Ras Tafari faithful and those alike’s minds to adhere to original Christian and Hebraic practices.

So, in this post we here at Ras Tafari Renaissance would like to put, all that continue to, and are maybe, just checking out the site for the first time on notice.  In the continuance of bringing you all, Ras Tafari interpretations of the Scriptures from a Bible-based foundation, we’ll also bring about the basics of over-standing Hebraic Observances/Holidays/Holy Days, and build on that foundation.

As the year comes to a close from ancient ways of time-keeping to the more modern ways, Ras Tafari Renaissance comes to the Hebraic New Year, with the anticipation of bringing the blog viewers into a deeper understanding of what is being produced here on this site.  Bringing more of the Hebrew and Amharic languages, into comprehension and use.

For tonight, will bring in the new month of Tisrei – תִּשְׁרֵי .

[Lev. 23: 24]

“…the seventh month, the first day of the month, ye shall have a sabbath, a memorial, of blowing of trumpets(shofar), an holy convocation…”

a member of the Commandments Keepers, from NYC, blowing the Shofar.

& as [Numbers 29:1] says, the festival/memorial will be Yom Teruah – יום תרועה , (“Blowing of the Horn“)

– ordering of the Hebrew months

for more information on this Holy Day & others, check under the NOTES…..

*NOTES

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Rosh_Hashannah/rosh_hashannah.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Days_of_Repentance#Rosh_Hashanah_rituals

http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4644/jewish/Rosh-Hashanah.htm

http://hoshanarabbah.org/yom_teruah.html

  • Ethiopian Equivalents; EnQutatash – እንቁጣጣሽ , or Meleket D’mts Metasebiyah – መለከት ድምፅ መታሰቢያ/ Mebacha Qen – መባቻ ቀን _ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enkutatash

http://rastaites.com/Ethiopia/newyear.htm

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion Book

– the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

RSS# 6 (ትውልድም ይህ ነው / תּוֹלְדֹת)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regenartion of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with Toldot – תּוֹלְדֹת.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5781, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 4th –  ד, & the 5th – ה, of the month of Kislew(v) – כִּסְלֵו, for this week, in this mode of study; for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2013/7513, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 11th – ፲፩, & the 12th – ,  of the (ወርኀ)month of Ch’ədár – ኅዳር.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Tíwíld’m Y’h Näw – ትውልድም ይህ ነውThe Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez – (ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 25: 19- 28:9

Malachi 1: 1- 2:7

Romans 9: 1-31

Samuel 20: 18-42*

toldot - parsha4

This week’s portion of the study of the Scriptures, is Toldot, by Hebrew meaning “generations“, pertaining to descent.  Coincidentally, the readings begin the Rebekah enduring a long period of time where she was barren; having no child with her husband, IsaacIsaac loved Rebekah dearly, & pleaded God on her behalf.

[Gen. 25: 20-21]

His prayers were accounted for and God blessed them, because Rebekah conceived.

[Gen. 25: 19-23]

Rebekah & Isaac

Rebekah was due to give birth to twins, in which God spoke to her, saying that that were two nations that struggled within her.

modern sculpture of story of the twins of Rebekah & Issac _ by Charles Sherman
modern sculpture of story of the twins of Rebekah & Issac _ by Charles Sherman

Two manner of people, that would be separated from her.  One would be stronger than the other, and the older would serve the younger.  Thus Esau & Jacob were born to, Rebekah &Isaac.  Esau was a skilled hunter, Jacob was a simple man, dwelling in tents, wholesome.  But, leaving a man of the field to match wits with a man of intellect, Jacob was able to convince Esau to give up his birthright. (But Esau, despising his birthright made it all but difficult)

[Gen. 25: 24-34]

Jacob (L) & Esau (R) _ painting by James J. Tissot

After convincing Esau to give up his birthright, Jacob, with the help of his mother Rebekah also was able to receive a blessing from his father, Isaac. ( a blessing that was meant for Esau)

Esau, even took wives from among the Hittites, which was of concern for Rebekah & Isaac.

[Gen. 26]

Isaac blessing Jacob -by Gustave Dore' from the 1865 La Sainte Bible

Esau, then recognizes what his brother has done to him & despises him for it.  Rebekah, once again help Jacob, making him flee to her brother Laban, because his brother’s anger was kindled against.  Rebekah also sought that her son Jacob should not take a wife from among the children of Heth.

[Gen. 27]

Jacob & Laban (the Syrian/Aramaen)

Esau seeing that he blessed Jacob, & charged him not to take a wife of the children of Canaan, he(Esau) went to Ismael, & took wives of his people.

[Gen. 28: 1-9]

** NOTES: for further study **

sigd6

15ej8zv2-front-shortedge-384

Sabbath Readings’ Companion book

the Ras Tafari Sabbath Companion Booklet to the cyclical Torah Readings. Hebraic in essence, & Christened in interpretation. A very valuable tool when teaching to children, or introducing one’s self to the Judaic/Hebraic forms of approaching study of the Scripture in entirety.

$16.99

🎊መልካም አዲስ ዓመት_Happy Ethiopian New Year!!!🎊

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations is here wishing you all a VERY HAPPY ETHIOPIAN NEW YEAR!

RRR is proud to have been here studying, giving commentary, and sharing in the fellowship of Ras Tafari.  It has been thoroughly enjoyable, fulfilling to see the responses from all the people from all walks of life, seeking truth, wherever it may be found when pertaining to the Scriptures, (in the light of Ras Tafari), so on & so forth.

We have come through OUR Hebrew-Lunar cycle of time-keeping and will continue our Torah for the Hebraic year, which has brought to year 5780-5781.  But, in OUR Ethiopic-Solar New Year (2013/7513 EC). Which marks quite a significant year, prophetically from a Biblical perspective.

We also would like to alert ones that in the United States of America 🇺🇸, in & around the Washington, D.C., areas; in the capital houses the largest concentrated area of Ethiopian diasporans.  In this American capital area the Ethiopian New Year has been added officially* to the religious national recognized holidays. All due to credit to the economically upwardly mobile and politically active diasporans; 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generations.

Sun & Moon Ethiopic symbols utilized by Tsehai Publishing.
Sun & Moon Ethiopic symbols utilized by Tsehai Publishing.

Though, the year has had its times of trial and times of joy, & some seem to outweigh the other, we all have come though another year, in hopes of seeing many more. (RRR wishes peace, and prosperity to you all!)

Going forward, RRR, has a few short announcements to make…There has begun a process for bringing forward hard copies of this past year’s Sabbath readings with RRR commentary, & availability with be provided for all of those who, wish seek to retain a copies. (Please, stand by?…)

We also would like to take some time out to thank the LOJ Society, Inc., for its commitment, labor of love, and inspiration all of those individuals especially behind the scenes that have provided RRR with the spark to produce the site you see before you!  Misgana(Amharic for “Thanks”)

We BIG UP, RasTafari Midrashim, Ras Tafari Gardeing, Ras Tafari SOUTH, Ras Tafari Redemption, Ras Tafari TV, Melek Media House, each & everyone celebrating the Ethiopian New Year season; far & widefor being an interesting posting blog and coming forward to present intriguing insight into various topics, in & of the world, also through the I-sight of Ras Tafari! Misgana

etyyopiya shall stretch forth her hands(Ps.68_31)

We thank ALL of the Supporters and visitors, those who may have spread the word whenever a post was made hear at RRR.  We look forward to seeing what will inspire you to do something meaningful, in the near and far future.  For all of this we give thanks to none other but the MOST HIGH! & for bringing safely to yet another year.

Please stay tuned, to these blog posts, because there’s is so much more to come…

addis amet-አዲስ ዓመት-happy new year

http://www.rastafarigroundation.com/pt/Free-PDF—RTGs-New-Rastafari-Calendar-2015-2016/blog.htm

 

Hibret Culture Hoodie

"Hibret"- ኅብረት = Union/Cooperative; pertaining to a society. ET.AMH language

$49.99

RSS# 6 (ትውልድም ይህ ነው / תּוֹלְדֹת)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regenartion of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with Toldot – תּוֹלְדֹת.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5780, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 1st –  א, & the 2nd – ב, of the month of Kislew(v) – כִּסְלֵו, for this week, in this mode of study; for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2012/7512, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 3rd – ፫, & the 4th – ፬,  of the (ወርኀ)month of Ch’ədár – ኅዳር.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Tíwíld’m Y’h Näw – ትውልድም ይህ ነውThe Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 25: 19- 28:9

Malachi 1: 1- 2:7

Romans 9: 1-31

Samuel 20: 18-42*

toldot - parsha4

This week’s portion of the study of the Scriptures, is Toldot, by Hebrew meaning “generations“, pertaining to descent.  Coincidentally, the readings begin the Rebekah enduring a long period of time where she was barren; having no child with her husband, IsaacIsaac loved Rebekah dearly, & pleaded God on her behalf.

[Gen. 25: 20-21]

His prayers were accounted for and God blessed them, because Rebekah conceived.

[Gen. 25: 19-23]

Rebekah & Isaac

Rebekah was due to give birth to twins, in which God spoke to her, saying that that were two nations that struggled within her.

modern sculpture of story of the twins of Rebekah & Issac _ by Charles Sherman
modern sculpture of story of the twins of Rebekah & Issac _ by Charles Sherman

Two manner of people, that would be separated from her.  One would be stronger than the other, and the older would serve the younger.  Thus Esau & Jacob were born to, Rebekah &Isaac.  Esau was a skilled hunter, Jacob was a simple man, dwelling in tents, wholesome.  But, leaving a man of the field to match wits with a man of intellect, Jacob was able to convince Esau to give up his birthright. (But Esau, despising his birthright made it all but difficult)

[Gen. 25: 24-34]

Jacob (L) & Esau (R) _ painting by James J. Tissot

After convincing Esau to give up his birthright, Jacob, with the help of his mother Rebekah also was able to receive a blessing from his father, Isaac. ( a blessing that was meant for Esau)

Esau, even took wives from among the Hittites, which was of concern for Rebekah & Isaac.

[Gen. 26]

Isaac blessing Jacob -by Gustave Dore' from the 1865 La Sainte Bible

Esau, then recognizes what his brother has done to him & despises him for it.  Rebekah, once again help Jacob, making him flee to her brother Laban, because his brother’s anger was kindled against.  Rebekah also sought that her son Jacob should not take a wife from among the children of Heth.

[Gen. 27]

Jacob & Laban (the Syrian/Aramaen)

Esau seeing that he blessed Jacob, & charged him not to take a wife of the children of Canaan, he(Esau) went to Ismael, & took wives of his people.

[Gen. 28: 1-9]

** NOTES: for further study **

sigd6

🎊መልካም አዲስ ዓመት_Happy Ethiopian New Year!!!🎊

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations is here wishing you all a VERY HAPPY ETHIOPIAN NEW YEAR!

RRR is proud to have been here studying, giving commentary, and sharing in the fellowship of Ras Tafari.  It has been thoroughly enjoyable, fulfilling to see the responses from all the people from all walks of life, seeking truth, wherever it may be found when pertaining to the Scriptures, (in the light of Ras Tafari), so on & so forth.

We have come through OUR Hebrew-Lunar cycle of time-keeping and will continue our Torah for the Hebraic year, which has brought to year 5779-5780.  But, in OUR Ethiopic-Solar New Year (2012/7512 EC). Which marks quite a significant year, prophetically from a Biblical perspective.

We also would like to alert ones that in the United States of America 🇺🇸, in & around the Washington, D.C., areas; in the capital houses the largest concentrated area of Ethiopian diasporans.  In this American capital area the Ethiopian New Year has been added officially* to the religious national recognized holidays. All due to credit to the economically upwardly mobile and politically active diasporans; 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generations.

Sun & Moon Ethiopic symbols utilized by Tsehai Publishing.
Sun & Moon Ethiopic symbols utilized by Tsehai Publishing.

Though, the year has had its times of trial and times of joy, & some seem to outweigh the other, we all have come though another year, in hopes of seeing many more. (RRR wishes peace, and prosperity to you all!)

Going forward, RRR, has a few short announcements to make…There has begun a process for bringing forward hard copies of this past year’s Sabbath readings with RRR commentary, & availability with be provided for all of those who, wish seek to retain a copies. (Please, stand by?…)

We also would like to take some time out to thank the LOJ Society, Inc., for its commitment, labor of love, and inspiration all of those individuals especially behind the scenes that have provided RRR with the spark to produce the site you see before you!  Misgana(Amharic for “Thanks”)

We BIG UP, RasTafari Midrashim, Ras Tafari Gardeing, Ras Tafari SOUTH, Ras Tafari Redemption, Ras Tafari TV, Melek Media House, each & everyone celebrating the Ethiopian New Year season; far & widefor being an interesting posting blog and coming forward to present intriguing insight into various topics, in & of the world, also through the I-sight of Ras Tafari! Misgana

etyyopiya shall stretch forth her hands(Ps.68_31)

We thank ALL of the Supporters and visitors, those who may have spread the word whenever a post was made hear at RRR.  We look forward to seeing what will inspire you to do something meaningful, in the near and far future.  For all of this we give thanks to none other but the MOST HIGH! & for bringing safely to yet another year.

Please stay tuned, to these blog posts, because there’s is so much more to come…

addis amet-አዲስ ዓመት-happy new year

http://www.rastafarigroundation.com/pt/Free-PDF—RTGs-New-Rastafari-Calendar-2015-2016/blog.htm

RSS#20 (እዘዛቸው/תְּצַוֶּה)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (or Yefdeyah).  I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So, with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with  Tetẓav(w)eh – תְּצַוֶּה.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5777, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 12th – יב, & on the 13th – יג, of the month of Adar אֲדָר for this week, in this mode of study;  for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2009/2029/7509, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 1st – ፩, & on the 2nd – ፪, of the month of  Megâbït – መጋቢት.   In the Scriptures, what is also known as Izzäzâchäw – እዘዛቸው.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Exodus 27:20- 30:10

Ezekiel 43:10-27

Hebrews 13:10-17

Now, in summation of the study we have in front of us; Moses is told by God that the children of Israel are to complete the construction of a sanctuary in the wilderness.  Other instruments and furniture, for the Tabernacle, that would be needed included: olive oil for the lampstand in what would be known as the Holy Place.

[Ex. 27: 20]

[Ex. 25: 31]And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.

Also, in this portion of the study of the Scriptures, the subject deals mostly with the “everlasting flame” of the candlestick.

[Ex. 25:31-40]

[Hebrews 12: 29]"...For our GOD is a consuming fire..."

Olive Oil(oil of anointing [Ex.25:6]) was to be used for light, including the other furniture

The priesthood is also established in the heritage of the Levites(Hebrew Israelite Tribe of Levi), along with the priestly garments that were to be constructed & worn only when service in the Tabernacle was to be performed.

brestplate of hakohen(High Priest)

Moses, by the instruction of God, ordains Aaron, his brother, to become the High Priest, along with his sons and the rest of his descendants. Here, Aaron’s wife, Elisheba, whom was the daughter of Amminadab ben Judah(son of Judah), sister to Nahshon ben Amminadab(son of Amminadab), of the tribe of Judah, became the Matriarch of the Cohanim (priests).

Egyptian Diety Khepri
Egyptian Diety Khepri

The sacred covering of the Ark of The Covenant, which the Cohanim were to give service to, on behalf of the children of Israel, is called the Kapporeth – כפורת; insomuch as finding out why the picture placed above, is of what might be known as Khepri.  I’ll leave it up to anyone who’s curious enough to take look for themselves, to find out more on “Khepri,” and its possible connection to the Kapporeth.  I would elaborate more on how linguistics also play a part in the understanding of Scripture, but that’s pretty apparent.  Though, it may seem, out of context that there could possibly be more connections of the Hebrew/Jewish thought and practice, to the Ancient Egyptian Mysteries or the traditional Judeo-Christian aspects of this, it meets more points of similarity than most people can see.  For example, in Hebrew, the “Holy of Holies” is named as the Kodesh HaKodeshiyimקֹדֶשׁ הַקֳּדָשִׁים , and semantically similar in the ancient Ge’ez, or old Ethiopic language of the Ethiopian-Jews and Ethiopia entirely, the same is called the Q’edeste Q’ddusan – ቀደስተ ቅዱሳን.

….…the curtains of the outer court of the Tabernacle were to be made of brass(copper), for an enclosure…

terumah - parsha (outer court)

The priesthood of the Israelites was also established in the heritage of the Levites (Hebrew Israelite Tribe of Levi), along with the priestly garments that were to be constructed & worn when services in the Tabernacle were conducted.

tetzaweh - parsha6

✡ Abïy Ts’om – ዓቢይ ጾም ☩ Pūrïm – פּוּרִים ✡

Greetings in the names of their Imperial Majesties, Empress Menen Asfaw & Emperor Haile Sellassie I, of Ethiopia.

This is Lidj Yefdi, bringing you, yet another post from Ras Tafari Renaissance. I sincerely appreciate all of the positive vibes and feedback I’ve received from those who have reasoned & spoken well of the postings here. MAY JAH DELIVER MY GRATITUDE & BLESS YOU ALL EXCEEDINGLY!

So, today in Jerusalem and wherever there are adherents to Hebrew/Jewish traditions and such are celebrated the Fast of Esther, which will culminate with the celebration of Purim – פּוּרִים .

HEBREW CALENDAR2

Purim, is the celebration of the deliverance of the Jews that were under the rule of the Persian Empire. [SIDE-NOTE] FLASH FORWARD, in Scripture the Persian Empire(or otherwise known to be the Medes, were apart the four kingdoms prophecy, which Nebuchadnezzer’s dream, was interpreted by Daniel, for him by way of God’s revealing).

Now, I apologize for not having the explanation of the Ethiopian Christian commemoration of the Great Fast or Abiy Ts’om in more detail, as I , my self have been incognito this past couple of weeks restoring my own spiritual & mental health.  This time of year leads up a sort of renewal of the faith among observers.

As we have entered into the 3rd week of the celebration in “Mikurab” or loosely translated into the Synagouge or the “gathering.

With ever seven days, there are specific readings from the scriptures, that coincide respectively with the time & reason for the season.

According to this years’ calculations; Feb 20 – April 15, 2017, is the Ethiopian Orthodox Great Holy Lenten Fast will be in line with 55 days culminating on “Easter” April 16, 2017, observed by followers of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

Now, with Esther and the story from Persia ( Iran ), The Fast of EstherTa’anit Ester:תַּעֲנִית אֶסְתֵּר  ,” is a Jewish/Hebrew fast from dawn until dusk on Purim eve, commemorating the three-day fast observed by the Jewish people in the story of Purim. If the date of the Fast of Esther falls on Shabbat, the fast is instead observed on the preceding Thursday. Like other minor fasts, Ta’anit Esther begins at dawn (first light) and ends at nightfall (full dark).

The Persian Empire came after the Babylonian Captivity.

Nebuchadnezzar-statue2

The Jews/Hebrews in Persia were freed from the hand of Haman, who had gained favor in the sight of the king Ahasuerus (whom is also accounted for as being Xerxes I). No, Xerxes I, is not the Persian king of the movie “300” dealing with the Spartans. THAT WAS PURE HOLLYWOOD ENTERTAINMENT; THIS IS HISTORICAL FACT. Xerxes, was the king of Persia whom gave favor to Haman the Agagite. But loved deeply, Esther, whom was the daughter of Mordecai, the Jew.

achaedyn

Mordecai, instructed Esther to conceal her heritage from the king and all of his court, for she had been taken along with many other young women to be suited for the king of Persia, because he put away Vashti, from being queen. But upon the conflict of Mordecai vs. Haman; Haman sought to destroy ALL the Jews/Hebrews in Persia. Silver was the payment of Haman to the king to destroy the Jews, young old, men, women and children.

[Esther 2: 7- 3:15]

MAP_PERSIA

Vashti, refused the king’s request to appear before the king & his guests, which were nobles and princes throughout Persia and Media.

[Esther 1(entire Chpt)]

But, unknowingly Hadassah(Eshter), was of the people of Jews(Hebrews) by way of her adoption by Mordecai, who reverenced not Haman, as the king had wanted for those of the kingdom in Persia and Media.

In the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar, on its thirteenth day … on the day that the enemies of the Jews were expected to prevail over them, it was turned about: the Jews prevailed over their adversaries.

[Esther 9:1]

THE STORY OF HADASSAH(ESTHER) THE QUEEN

I&I would also like to give much, much thanks to the Lion of Judah Society, Inc., organization for their interpretation of Scriptures, historical events, & Ras Tafari dissemination of Ethiopian heritage in Africa, as well as, the diaspora. Here, I would like for you all to check out & consider the facts put forth here. Research, study & come to your own conclusions about the story of Hadassah(Esther) the Queen.

So, all -in-all to the Daughters of Zion, which I named this post,…I’am sure many of you are questioning that move. Well, its very simple! Women in society are many times are thought to be pushed to the backside of many important events, and happenings in this world we see today, but, clearly even in antiquity, women hold power and influence that they, themselves, sometimes are unable to recognize. Even, the power to save millions to the billions from despair.

But, for the Daughters of Zion, as well as, the Sons, the Scriptures clearly state that we are to remember Purim for all generations, and to keep them in writing.

[Esther 9:27-28]

Not to mention being the givers of life, nourishment, sustainability…and out right, “being the first teachers of human civilization(or every child) that comes to this world” _quoted from El Hajj Malik El Shabazz(Malcolm X) by way of the Most Honorable Elijah Muhammad. Sisters, mothers, daughters and women of our families the message you give to the child(children) they will give to the world. So please consider your illustrious position in the cosmology of this existence. & while we as Ras Tafari, Ethiopians, Hebrews, & Israelites, celebrate the essence of woman in the example of Queen Esther; I certainly hope, that the men will acknowledge the counterpart that was created to be the companion of ours.

for more information on Purim; check out these pages:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purim

http://www.sichosinenglish.org/cgi-bin/calendar?holiday=auto

KHag Purim ShmeKH’=Greeting for Purim

חג פורים שמח

Shalom/Selam

RSS #10 ([ከሁለት ዓመት] በኋላም/מִקֵּץ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (or Yefdeyah).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with Miketz – מִקֵּץ.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5777, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 1stא, & on the 2ndב, of the month of Teb(v)etטֵבֵת, for this week, in this mode of study;  for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2009/2029/7509, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 21st – ፳፩, & the 22nd – ፳፪, of the month of Tah’sas – ታኅሣሥ.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as BeCḥʷallam – በኋላም.  The Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 41:1 – 44:17

I Kings 3:15 – 4:1

Romans 10: 1-13

** SHABBOT HANUKAH **

image provided by livethebible.com
image provided by livethebible.com

In continuation of our study of the Scriptures, we come to the parsha of Miketz, Ethiopically known as BeKHwalam (Kehulet Amet BeKHwalam.)

miketz - parsha [7cows]

The last portion ended with Joseph, the son of Jacob(Israel), being sold by his own brothers, & through trials of times, Joseph found himself in Egypt.  As a prisoner in Egypt, he is still blessed by God grace.

 miketz - parsha [seven ears of corn] Gen.41vrs5

Joseph, now in the company of other prisoners, (ie. the chief baker, and butler), interprets visions they’ve had.  The news of the gift that Joseph has, reaches the ears of the Pharaoh, & Pharaoh, inquires of Joseph assistance for a vision he cannot make sense of.

Pharaoh, summoned all of the magicians, of Egypt to interpret the dream troubling dreams he had been having.  But, surely, there was none of them who could interpret the dreams for him.  So, upon hearing about an Hebrew, in the dungeon, who seemingly interpreted dreams in accuracy, of other prisoners and others, Pharaoh, called for Joseph’s release; for he wished to see if Joseph could give an interpretation of his dreams.

[Gen. 41: 1-40]

miketz - parsha

Joseph, then was set in high regard to Pharaoh, by his command because he interpreted Pharaoh’s dream with such great understanding.  Pharoah called Joseph, Tz’aphnat Paneah’kh – צָפְנַת פַּעְנֵחַ, & he was given Asnath – אָסְנַת, the daughter of Potipherah, the priest of OnAsnath, bore Joseph, two sons, which he called Manasseh & Ephraim.  Because of Joseph’s interpretation of Pharaoh’s dream, many nations came to Egypt to buy food, for Joseph had stored for the years of famine that was great upon the land.  Jacob(Israel) sent his sons, all but the youngest, Benjamin, for he feared that something may happen equivalent to Joseph’s disappearance.

[Gen. 41: 40- 42:5]

miketz - parsha [Yosef ben Yaicob ben Ysrael(Tsafnat Paneach) - Asnat)Joseph(Tz’afnat Pa’aneahkh’) & Asenat(Asnat)

The sons of Israel, went into Egypt to buy things like grain, for the famine had left them with very little.  Joseph, saw his brethren, but they were unable to notice him for he was dressed in the apparel of Egyptian nobility.  There he confronted them as if, he were dealing with spies & commanded that they send their youngest brother along with them for Joseph had not seen Benjamin, with the others.  The brothers returned and told Jacob(Israel) what happened while they were in Egypt.  Judah, one of the brethren spoke firmly with Joseph, and their father Jacob(Israel), in the matter of their youngest brother, Benjamin.

[Gen. 42: 6 -43:17]

Joseph & his brother Judah
Judah consults with Joseph _ painting by James J. Tissot

Upon the return of all his brothers, with their youngest brother, Benjamin; Joseph made haste to see all of them together again.  Joseph, appealed to Pharaoh to bring his family to Egypt, for the famine was so great & he wished not to see his family struggle in the land of Canaan; Pharaoh permitted the Hebrews to enter in, on Joseph’s behalf.

[Gen. 43:18- 44:18]

miketz - parsha4

RSS #3 (ተለይተህ ወጣ/לֶךְ-לְךָ)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

1506662_776236719097392_864806344977525299-copy

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (or Yefdeyah).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with Lecḥ Lecḥá – לֶךְ-לְךָ .  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5777, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 10th – י , & the 11th יא, of the month of Cḥeshw(v)an – חֶשְׁוָן, [this Hebraic month is also known as; Mar’Cḥeshw(v)an – מַרְחֶשְׁוָן, for this week, in this mode of study;  for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2009/2029/7509, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 2nd – ፪, & the 3rd – ፫,  of the (ወርኀ)month of Cḥídâr – ኅዳር [ሕዳር/ህዳር].  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Tӓlӓytӓ Wӓṭăh – ተለይተህ ወጣThe Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 12:1 – 17:27

Isaiah 40:27 – 41:16

Romans 4: 1-25

Leaving off with descendants of Noah, from the last portion of the Scripture studies, LeKH’ LeKH’a-לֶךְ-לְךָ is the set of readings for this Sabbath.

Abram of Ur, in Chaldea, a descendant of Noah, was spoken to by God.

[Gen. 12:1]

Ur(Chaldea), near the Euphrates & Tigiris rivers.

Abram, was told by God to leave his country and people, in Chaldea.  So Abram, left with Sarai(his wife), and Lot(his nephew) traveled south.  God sought to bless Abram, exceedingly.

[Gen. 12: 2-10]

Gen. 12:2 ; Gen.15:5

Famine in those lands took Abram to Egypt, where passed off his wife, as his sister; for he feared he would be killed because of her beauty, in the sight of the Egyptians.

lech lecha - parsha (abrmcov)

 But, because of her beauty Pharaoh sought to entreat her, for he sought to make her a wife of his.  But, his mind was plagued because of Sarai(Abram’s wife).  So much so, that he confronted Abram about the situation and ended up sending on their way peacefully, with quite hefty caravan.

[Gen. 12: 10-20]

Abram's caravan leaving Egypt _ painting by James Tissot (1890's circa)
Abraham’s Caravan _ painting by James J. Tissot

While in Egypt, Abram and his family acquired very much, in riches.  But, if got to the point where there was strife among them, (within their camps).  Lot(Abram’s nephew) and Abram, consolidated to negotiate not to struggle with each other for there was so much land, that they need not quarrel over anything.

[Gen. 13: 1-12]

But, the men of Sodom, near where Abram had made a place for him cattle, herds, and possessions were a wicked and distasteful people.  Wickedness abounded so much so, to the point that Abram separated himself from among them, at Mamre, in Hebron.

[Gen. 13: 13-18]

The Three Altars of Abraham

War, in those days, between many kings of many nations, brought Sodom & Gomorrah to an expected destruction.

[Gen. 14: 1-24]

Melchizedeq

Fortunately, Abram was able to bring Lot out, just before meeting Melchizedek; the king of Salem.

Santa Pollinare Mosaic - Order of Melchizedek

Abram, was then blessed by God, in that by his wife Sarai, who was barren, would give birth to a son. (even in their old age)  Abram was given vision by God, that his seed would be innumerable, for he would be the father of many nations.  God instructed Abram, to make offerings, he did it & guarded it.

[Gen. 15: 1-11]

lech lecha - parsha [Tissot_Abram_Guarding_His_Sacrifice]

Then Abram had visions of the future generations of his to come.

[Gen. 15: 12-21]

Sarai, feeling as though she had been restrained by God from bearing any children, gave Abram, her maid, Hagar(Agar), who was an Egyptian, in attempt beget children of AbramHagar, conceived of Abram, but saw Sarai, differently afterwards. (by contempt)  Sarai, then feeling as though she brought about strife in Abram‘s house, she brought the plight to Abram, and wanted Abram to put her away.  God, complied because he sought to make the child of Hagar & Abram, a mighty nations of his own. (his name would be Ishmael)

[Gen. 16: 1-16]

Hagar & Isma'il (ibn Ibrahim)

Between Abram & God, was a covenant made: for he would the father of many nations, and be fruitful exceedingly, kings would be from him, the land between the two rivers would be of his possession, & the land of Canaan would be for an everlasting possession, his seed shall circumcise their flesh(males); also he & his wife would have new names.  Instead of Abram, his name would be Abraham & instead of Sarai, her name would be Sarah.

Abraham would also have a son, which he would name Isaac, his son Ishmael would grow to be a mighty nation.

[Gen. 17: 1-21]

masei - parsha (gen. 15.vrs13-15_land between the two rivers)
Note from the Torah Portion of #43 Masei/Guzo https://rastafarirenaissance.com/2014/07/26/43rd-kifil-study-ras-tafari-renaissance/

And, these were the facets that made up, what is known as the Abraham Covenant

** Notes: **

further study

– Galatians 4:21 -5:1

– Hebrews 7