Category Archives: Cultural Rengeneration

♔ Ethiopian Celebration of Christmas _ Genna/YeLidet Be’Al (ገና – የልደት በዓል) ♔

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopian holiday of Genna or otherwise called “YeLidet Be’al.”  Because of the calculations of the Ethiopic calendar, we find that the Christmas that is known in the Western world, using the Gregorian calendar doesn’t correspond with the Orthodox Christian churches’ calculations. (though they differ from specific church to church, within the Orthodoxy)  Instead of December 25th, or the twenty-fifth day of the 12th calendar month (Gregorian), we see that the date arrives on January 7th, or the seventh day of the 1st calendar month.

(Orthodox Christian teachings give this as a testimony for the celebration of the birth of Christ)

Christ presented in the Temple to Simeon (Luke 2: 25-26) painted by James J. Tissot

Christ presented in the Temple to Simeon (Luke 2: 25-26) artwork by James J. Tissot

During the first three centuries [A.D. – Anno Domini/After the Death of Christ], in the Churches of Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria and Cyprus, the Nativity of Christ was combined together with the Feast of His Baptism on January 6, and called “Theophany” (“Manifestation of God”).

 James Tissot's painting – The Magi Journeying (Les rois mages en voyage) – Brooklyn Museum

James Tissot’s painting – The Magi Journeying (Les rois mages en voyage) – Brooklyn Museum

This was because of a belief that Christ was baptized on the anniversary of His birth, which may be inferred from St. John Chrysostom’s sermon on the Nativity of Christ: “it is not the day on which Christ was born which is called Theophany, but rather that day on which He was baptized.”

[according to documentation from Orthodox Church of America]

http://oca.org/saints/lives/2014/12/25/103638-the-nativity-of-our-lord-god-and-savior-jesus-christ

star from the east - wise kings from the east (Star of Bethlehem)

By Ethiopic calculations, the birth of Christ, occurs on the Julian calendar‘s framework; predating the Gregorian.  In Eastern Christian (or Orthodox Christian sects) some, Orthodox Christians observe the “Nativity and Adoration of the Shepherds” on January 6th, & the following day may observe, the “Adoration of the Magi” (or otherwise known as the three kings/wise men) on January 7.  Other Orthodox Christians may attend church liturgies on the 6th, or both.

yelidet Qen (gena)

RSS# 6 (ትውልድም ይህ ነው / תּוֹלְדֹת)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regenartion of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot(or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of  the Torah portions with Toldot – תּוֹלְדֹת.  On the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in this year 5780, this Sabbath day would probably fall on the 1st –  א, & the 2nd – ב, of the month of Kislew(v) – כִּסְלֵו, for this week, in this mode of study; for those out in the diaspora or outside of Jerusalem/Israel.  (The Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon) &, from an Ethiopic-Christian perspective, in what may be known as the year 2012/7512, on the Ethiopic calendar.  This calculation, with its readings from the Scriptures, would align to the 3rd – ፫, & the 4th – ፬,  of the (ወርኀ)month of Ch’ədár – ኅዳር.  In the Scriptures, this portion of study would also be known as Tíwíld’m Y’h Näw – ትውልድም ይህ ነውThe Ethiopic calendar is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) aligns to this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic, which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (the other language being Ge’ez-(ግእዝ).

Readings:

Genesis 25: 19- 28:9

Malachi 1: 1- 2:7

Romans 9: 1-31

Samuel 20: 18-42*

toldot - parsha4

This week’s portion of the study of the Scriptures, is Toldot, by Hebrew meaning “generations“, pertaining to descent.  Coincidentally, the readings begin the Rebekah enduring a long period of time where she was barren; having no child with her husband, IsaacIsaac loved Rebekah dearly, & pleaded God on her behalf.

[Gen. 25: 20-21]

His prayers were accounted for and God blessed them, because Rebekah conceived.

[Gen. 25: 19-23]

Rebekah & Isaac

Rebekah was due to give birth to twins, in which God spoke to her, saying that that were two nations that struggled within her.

modern sculpture of story of the twins of Rebekah & Issac _ by Charles Sherman

modern sculpture of story of the twins of Rebekah & Issac _ by Charles Sherman

Two manner of people, that would be separated from her.  One would be stronger than the other, and the older would serve the younger.  Thus Esau & Jacob were born to, Rebekah &Isaac.  Esau was a skilled hunter, Jacob was a simple man, dwelling in tents, wholesome.  But, leaving a man of the field to match wits with a man of intellect, Jacob was able to convince Esau to give up his birthright. (But Esau, despising his birthright made it all but difficult)

[Gen. 25: 24-34]

Jacob (L) & Esau (R) _ painting by James J. Tissot

After convincing Esau to give up his birthright, Jacob, with the help of his mother Rebekah also was able to receive a blessing from his father, Isaac. ( a blessing that was meant for Esau)

Esau, even took wives from among the Hittites, which was of concern for Rebekah & Isaac.

[Gen. 26]

Isaac blessing Jacob -by Gustave Dore' from the 1865 La Sainte Bible

Esau, then recognizes what his brother has done to him & despises him for it.  Rebekah, once again help Jacob, making him flee to her brother Laban, because his brother’s anger was kindled against.  Rebekah also sought that her son Jacob should not take a wife from among the children of Heth.

[Gen. 27]

Jacob & Laban (the Syrian/Aramaen)

Esau seeing that he blessed Jacob, & charged him not to take a wife of the children of Canaan, he(Esau) went to Ismael, & took wives of his people.

[Gen. 28: 1-9]

** NOTES: for further study **

sigd6

✡ Succoth (סֻכּוֹת)_Das Be’al (ዳስ በዓል) ✤ “Feast of Tabernacles/ Booths” ✡

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

Again, this is Lidj Yefdi, wishing everyone a very blessed Sukkot!  Other names for this High Holy Day or appointed time as translated from the Hebrew language comes to us as; the “Feast of Booths,” the “Tabernacles/Festival of Tabernacles,” or as the “Ingathering.”

sukkot4

The Festival of Sukkot begins on the 15th, of the Hebrew month of Tishrei & is observed for seven days. (five days after Yom Kippur)  Sukkot, is in many ways very opposite to the observance of Yom Kippur, especially as ones would know and find it among peoples of today.  One reason in saying this is that Sukkot is very joyful and it is commonly referred to in modern day Jewish prayer and literature as Z’man Símcḥatéinu זמן שמחתינו; more literally translated to the English language as: “The Season of Our Rejoicing.”  Now in a similar fashion of the celebration of Passover and Shabuot, Sukkot has a significance that is doubled in a sense, especially when pertaining to its historical and agricultural perspectives.

Mirrors of Hamo-Shemitic culture: Ethiopian Tekuloch in the country side (resemblances of the succahs)

Mirrors of Hamo-Shemitic culture: Ethiopia in the country side (resemblances of the Succah)

In a historical manner, the celebration of Sukkot commemorates the (40) forty-year period during which the children of Israel were wandering in the wilderness, living in temporary shelters.  Hence, for the term “Feast or Festival of Tabernacles,” in the similar way the Tabernacle/Tent of Meeting and encampment of the children of Israel was constructed while making the Exodus with the significant role of the furnishings playing their respective parts.    Agriculturally, Sukkot is a harvest festival and is sometimes referred to as Chag Ha-Asífחג האסף, translating to the “Festival of Ingathering.”

[Lev. 23: 34- ; Deut. 16: 13-15]

hebrew-calendar-months-and-feast-cycle

Sukkot is the third and the culmination of the Shalosh Regalim, or commonly known as the “Three Pilgrimage Festivals of Israel.”

Sukkot is a very joyous festival/feast day, & there are various ways of maintaining observances.  In the final of day of the memorial of Sukkot, the day is referred to as HoShanna Rabbah, which is a special observance with the use of bundling willow branches.

Sukkot_4 Species

Sukkot_4 Species

Sukkot, in summation is the children of Israel residing in a temporary state, resembling & calling to remembrance the time in the wilderness post-Exodus but, pre-entering into the Land of Promise.

Hebrew Sukkah - L, & an Ethiopian Tekul - R.

Hebrew Sukkah – L, & an Ethiopian Tekul – R.

STUDY NOTES:

Leviticus 23: 33-36

Deuteronomy 16: 13-16

http://www.mechon-mamre.org/jewfaq/holiday5.htm

http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday5.htm

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Sukkot/sukkot.html

🎊መልካም አዲስ ዓመት_Happy Ethiopian New Year!!!🎊

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Ras Tafari Renaissance Revelations is here wishing you all a VERY HAPPY ETHIOPIAN NEW YEAR!

RRR is proud to have been here studying, giving commentary, and sharing in the fellowship of Ras Tafari.  It has been thoroughly enjoyable, fulfilling to see the responses from all the people from all walks of life, seeking truth, wherever it may be found when pertaining to the Scriptures, (in the light of Ras Tafari), so on & so forth.

We have come through OUR Hebrew-Lunar cycle of time-keeping and will continue our Torah for the Hebraic year, which has brought to year 5779-5780.  But, in OUR Ethiopic-Solar New Year (2012/7512 EC). Which marks quite a significant year, prophetically from a Biblical perspective.

We also would like to alert ones that in the United States of America 🇺🇸, in & around the Washington, D.C., areas; in the capital houses the largest concentrated area of Ethiopian diasporans.  In this American capital area the Ethiopian New Year has been added officially* to the religious national recognized holidays. All due to credit to the economically upwardly mobile and politically active diasporans; 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generations.

Sun & Moon Ethiopic symbols utilized by Tsehai Publishing.

Sun & Moon Ethiopic symbols utilized by Tsehai Publishing.

Though, the year has had its times of trial and times of joy, & some seem to outweigh the other, we all have come though another year, in hopes of seeing many more. (RRR wishes peace, and prosperity to you all!)

Going forward, RRR, has a few short announcements to make…There has begun a process for bringing forward hard copies of this past year’s Sabbath readings with RRR commentary, & availability with be provided for all of those who, wish seek to retain a copies. (Please, stand by?…)

We also would like to take some time out to thank the LOJ Society, Inc., for its commitment, labor of love, and inspiration all of those individuals especially behind the scenes that have provided RRR with the spark to produce the site you see before you!  Misgana(Amharic for “Thanks”)

We BIG UP, RasTafari Midrashim, Ras Tafari Gardeing, Ras Tafari SOUTH, Ras Tafari Redemption, Ras Tafari TV, Melek Media House, each & everyone celebrating the Ethiopian New Year season; far & widefor being an interesting posting blog and coming forward to present intriguing insight into various topics, in & of the world, also through the I-sight of Ras Tafari! Misgana

etyyopiya shall stretch forth her hands(Ps.68_31)

We thank ALL of the Supporters and visitors, those who may have spread the word whenever a post was made hear at RRR.  We look forward to seeing what will inspire you to do something meaningful, in the near and far future.  For all of this we give thanks to none other but the MOST HIGH! & for bringing safely to yet another year.

Please stay tuned, to these blog posts, because there’s is so much more to come…

addis amet-አዲስ ዓመት-happy new year

http://www.rastafarigroundation.com/pt/Free-PDF—RTGs-New-Rastafari-Calendar-2015-2016/blog.htm

RSS# 29 (ከሞቱ በኋላ/ אַחֲרֵי מוֹת)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regeneration of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to seek insight) into the study of the Scriptures.  So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Shabbat) we move into the opening of the Torah portion with Acḥáreï Mōt – אַחֲרֵי מוֹת; on the 29th – כט, & on the 30thל,  from a Jewish/Hebrew mode of study for those out in the diaspora, living outside of Jerusalem or Israel; on of the month of Abib(Aviv) – אביב/ Nisan – נִיסָן. (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to what is known as KéMōtū Be’Cḥʷalla – ከሞቱ በኋላ – ; on the 25th – ፳፭, & on the 26th – ፳፮, of the month of Mïyazya – (ሚያዝያ).  On the Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) this Sabbath (or Senbet – ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez – ግእዝ).

Readings:

Leviticus 16:1 – 18:30

Ezekiel 22:1-19

Hebrews 9:11-28

 

In this portion of the study of the Scriptures, after the death Aaron’s two sons (Nadab & Abihu), Moses is instructed by God to teach the children of Israel his ways for properly conducting themselves for the service of the Tabernacle.

Nadab & Abihu

Nadab & Abihu

This portion of the Scriptures deals with the rituals which have become what is known today as Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement); Ethiopically known as “Astesryo Q’en” among the Hebrew/Judaic faithful.  When Moses receives the laws and instruction for the practices to be conducted, he is instructed to “cast lots” upon two goats, for the children of Israel. One “lot” is to be cast for an offering to God & the other for a “scapegoat.”

[Lev. 16: 7-10]

Sending Out The Scapegoat _ [ by Webb ]

Sending Out The Scapegoat _ [by Webb]

The one goat that was be presented before God, for a sin offering.  The other goat was to be left alive, presented to God for an atonement & set free into the wilderness carrying the sins of the children of Israel away from the camp.  This ritual along with the other practices of the offerings/sacrifice were to be done in the Tabernacle (Mishkan[HB] – Dinkʷan[ET]), especially as a statute for Israel on the 10th day of the 7th (Tishrei תִּשְׁרִי) month.

hebrew calendar - spring (Yamim Noraim) Holy Days

[Lev. 16:29]

acharei mot - parsha [azazel-scapegoat]

other commandments, laws, and statutes were given to the children of Israel to follow to keep themselves set apart from the other people they might find themselves around.

[Lev.18]

 

RSS# 22 (ሰብስቦ/ וַיַּקְהֵל)

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

I welcome you all to a new regenartion of cycle Torah readings!  This is another one of the many interpretations of the Scriptures from the light of Ras Tafari by, I, Lidj Yefdi (pronounced Lij, Yef-dee).

I assure you that if you are patient with me, come with a willing mind and heart(ready to learn), you will receive more than what you might have asked for, in seeking the perspective of a Ras Tafarian’s I-sight (eyesight) into the study of the Scriptures.

So,with this Hebrew Shabbot (or Sabbath day) if those who actually open up their Bibles to read in a Jewish/Hebrew cycle of readings, & thoroughly discern, have come to the opening of the Torah portion with W(V)ayakhel – וַיַּקְהֵל, from a Jewish/Hebrew mode of study for those out in the diaspora, living outside of Jerusalem or Israel.  From the Jewish or Hebraic Calendar in the 5779 year, this Sabbath day would more than likely fall on the 24th – כד, & on the 25th – כה, of the month of  Adar-אֲדָר . (the Hebrew Calendar corresponds to a Lunar cycle of the Moon)  From an Ethiopic-Christian perspective and calculation these readings from the Scriptures would align to 2011/7511 year, in what is known as Seb’s’bo – ሰብስቦ; on the 22nd – ፳፪, & on the 23rd – ፳፫, on the (ወርኀ) month of የካቲት (Yekateet).  In the Scriptures, what is also known as . On the Ethiopic calendar, which is solar (with its correspondence to the Sun) this Sabbath (or Senbet-ሰንበት) in the Ethiopian language of Amharic which is currently one of the languages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church(the other language being Ge’ez-ግእዝ)

Readings:

Exodus 35:1- 38:20

I Kings 7: 40-50

II Corinthians 9: 6-11

I Corinthians 3: 11-18

 

This portion of the study of the Scriptures, Moses gathers the children of Israel together to relay rules & regulations for the Sabbath, & how they are to conduct themselves and teach the following generations as a statute among them, forever.  Moses also gave instructions to the children of Israel for the construction of the Tabernacle.

[Exod. 35: 1-19]

Tabernacle (Mishkan-Dinkwan)

Moses, also explained that there would be two chosen among them that would offer their craftsmanship, and work to construct a place where God could come and dwell among the children of Israel while they made their way through the .  Then were found Betz’aleel ben-Uri (ben Uri= son of Uri), out of the tribe of Judah, & Aholiab ben-Achiycamakh (ben Achiycamakh= son of Akisamac) were called by God to be the chief artisans/masons of the Tabernacle in the wilderness.  But this didn’t exclude any of the wise-hearted (men or women: [Exod. 35: 20-26]), skilled and resourceful among the children of Israel to participate.

[Exod. 35: 20-35]

Aholiab & Betza'leel : skilled craftsmen of Israel

Aholiab & Betza’leel : skilled craftsmen of Israel

While the people brought willingly to God, the items for the construction of the Tabernacle, which they could  provide; it was brought to Moses’ attention that they brought more than what would be needed.  Moses then gave commandment and proclamation to the children of Israel that they be restrained from bringing anymore gifts/offerings to the builders and the wise-hearted for the service.

[Ex.36: 1-7]

terumah - parsha (contrubitions-gifts-offerings)

The children of Israel, then went on to construct the Tabernacle in the wilderness for YHWH to come and dwell amongst them.  Dividing the tasks of workmanship among each other, the Hebrews worked diligently constructed the ornaments of the Tabernacle, like the outer courts’ pillars, and the curtains.  The skilled and blessed craftsmen continued their work until all the vestments of the priests,and all of the furniture of the inner sanctum were completed.

israelite-mishkan(tabernacle)-complex-diagram

Battle of Adwa (አድዋ) – 1st of March 1896

Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,

Ras Tafari Renaissance writes to give perspective to the Ethiopian commemoration of the Battle of Adwa.  A history changing event that shocked the world to its core.  At the time of the Battle of Adwa, the African continent was nearly colonized at every angle. due to to the “Scramble for Africa“.  The only two countries that hadn’t been colonized by European countries were Ethiopia & Liberia.  But even with all of this in the forefront, Ethiopia had defended itself well against Italian forces; saving the whole of Africa from total colonization.

battle-of-adwa-1896

The valiance of the Ethiopian people, in defense of their country, became a phenomenal example of unity, belief, heritage, & pride.  The Ethiopian people; men, women, & children, in some cases, banded together the banner of the Ethiopian flag: red, gold, & green to put aside their differences in ethnic origin, tribe, religion etc., to secure a future that would include all of them, on their own land.

contemporary artwork displaying the courageous acts of Empress Taitu Betul; wife of Emperor Menelik II & Ethiopian Empress.

contemporary artwork displaying the courageous acts of Empress Taitu Betul; wife of Emperor Menelik II & Ethiopian Empress.

The Treaty of Addis Ababa, formally brought an end to the First Italo-Ethiopian War, (in which the Battle of Adwa, was the pinnacle) whereas Italy officially recognized Ethiopia as a independant and sovereign state.  This treaty has been said to be a secret agreement, for more than scholars’ obvious reasons as Italy would eventually attempt to colonize Ethiopia again, in the coming Second Italo-Ethiopian War.

[Treaty of Addis; Oct. 23. 1896]

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II: Negus Nagast ze Ethiopia

For this celebration of the victory at the Battle of Adwa, I would also like to direct all of you to check out this video log from the Ghion Journal on this particular topic. Please, again support & contribute to spreading the news and views of our affiliates?!

http://ghionjournal.com/lessons-adwa-unity-defeated-tyranny/

other links: