Greetings in the name of His & Her Imperial Majesties Qedamawi Haile Sellassie I & Itege Menen Asfaw,
Ras Tafari Renaissance brings another posting for the Moed’im(holy day/holiday);
spelled various ways:
Tẓōm Gedaliah, Gadaliah, or Gadalyah
is a Hebraic fast, observed on one day(3rd day of Tisrei) from dawn until dust to lament the assassination of the righteous governor of Judah,(whom was appointed by King Nebuchadnezzar, governor of the Yehud province of the Babylonian Empire) whose murder ended Hebraic[moreso Judæn rule (ie. House of David)] autonomy following the destruction of the First Temple of Jerusalem.
After the destruction of the First Temple (and Jerusalem) by the armies of the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BCE, the majority of the Jews who had lived in the land of Judah were exiled. However a remnant was permitted to remain. Nebuchadnezzar appointed a man named Gedaliah (Gedalyahu ben-Achikam_גֶּדַליָהוּ בֵּן [פַּשׁחוּר] אֲחִיקָם ) to be his governor over Judah.
[Jer. chpt 38]
As one of the Hebrew minor fasts, Tẓōm Gedaliah begins at dawn (first light) and ends at nightfall (full dark). Gedaliah’s father, Acḥïkam saved the life of the prophet Jeremiah, [Jer. 26: 24] & Gedaliah would have a similar fate but in a broader sense, as the “remnant” of Judah would become his responsibility.
Tẓōm Gedaliah occurs on Tishri 3 (according to the Babylonian Talmud, the date calculated approx., as to when Gedaliah was murdered [tractate Rosh HaShanah 18b]), the day following (the second day of) Rosh HaShana.
For those who participate during the fast, no food or water is ingested from sunrise to sunset. Among the Orthodox Jews, Tzom Gedaliah is considered a prelude/intro., to Yom Kippur.
Gedaliah zealously began to encourage the people to till the lands and the fields and vineyards, laying the foundation of security for a nation. Many of the Hebrews who had fled to neighboring lands during the war of destruction were attracted by the news of the revival of the community, post Babylonian captivity. They came to Gedaliah in Mizpah and were warmly welcomed by him.
Ismael ben-Nathaniel and the ten men with him, murdered Gedaliah, together with most of the Jews who had joined him and many Babylonians whom Nebuchadnezzar had left with Gedaliah.
[Jer. 41: 1-3]
** review **
-2 Kings 25:22-26
–Jeremiah chpts. 38-41 (specifically below)
-Zechariah 8: 19 [fast of the seventh month(Tishri)]
-Neo-Babylonian Empire – Yehud/Yehud Medinata
– Temple Restoration in Early Achaemenid Judah: by Peter R. Bedford
-Persian Achaemenid Empire
– The Crisis of Israelite Religion: Transformation of Religious Tradition _ by Herbert Niehr